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8.9 magnitude earthquake hits Japan, numerous aftershocks 10m tsunami in northern port of Sendai Japan declares emergency at nuclear plant Tsunami warnings for many other countries Japanese PM calls for "spirit of fraternity" Death toll rising
7.22am: Japan has been rocked by a series of earthquakes causing a major Tsunami. Here's some details from our Japan correspondent, Justin McCurry:
A series of powerful earthquakes struck north-east Japan on Friday afternoon, triggering warnings of tsunami as high as 10 metres and shaking buildings in Tokyo. The first earthquake struck at 2:46pm local time and measured magnitude-8.8, according to the US geological survey. Within 30 minutes the same region was rocked by two more big quakes of slightly lower intensity, Japanese news reports said. The first quake, Japan's biggest for seven years, struck at a depth of six miles about 80 miles of the eastern coast, according to Japan's meteorological agency. The Pacific tsunami warning centre in Hawaii said a tsunami warning was in effect for Japan, Russia, Marcus Island and the Northern Marianas. A tsunami watch has been issued for Guam, Taiwan, the Philippines, Indonesia and Hawaii. All flights in Japan were grounded immediately after the quake while officials checked for runway damage. Strong tremors were felt in Tokyo about 30 minutes after the quake. Newsreaders in the capital wore helmets as they gave updates, while office workers rushed out of buildings on to the street. Television showed a building on fire in the Odaiba district of Tokyo, although it was not immediately clear if the blaze was connected to the earthquake. Other footage showed water levels rising quickly in the coastal town of Miyako in Iwate prefecture on Japan's north-east Pacific coast. Public broadcaster NHK showed cars, trucks, houses and buildings being swept away by tsunami in Onahama city in Fukushima prefecture. TV news presenters repeatedly warned people on the Pacific coast to head for higher ground. 7.26am: Al-Jazeera is streaming live coverage of the events in Japan. 7.35am: A 10 metre tsunami has hit the port of Sendai in north Japan, Reuters is reporting. Some other developments: There are reports of injuries in Tokyo. Officials are trying to assess damage, injuries and deaths from the quake but had no immediate details. 4 million people are without electricity in Tokyo
254 points ± a five-week low. ranging between 5.2 and killed 6. The earthquake which struck Chile last year was 8.1.gov To give an idea of the strength of the quake. The degree and extent of damage caused by the earthquake and resulting tsunami were enormous. More than 700 people were killed. search-and-rescue activities are visible amidst the debris left by the tsunami. 7. Video footage of the towns worst affected shows little . Screengrab from www. The yen dropped to as low as around 83. The Kobe earthquake. That is the first person confirmed killed by the natural disaster. 8.29 yen to the dollar. 8. He urged people to help their neighbours and act to "minimise the damage": We ask the people of Japan to exercise the spirit of fraternity. the BBC is reporting.13am: Reuters has a useful summary of events: Damage and effects In Tar district. It has also recorded eight other earthquakes. An estimated 500. with most of the damage being caused by the tsunami.47am: One person is reported confirmed dead in the northern port of Sendai.8 magnitude.8 and 7.58am: The US Geological Survey has upgraded the earthquake to 8. He also offered some reassurance about Japan's nuclear facilities. He said: Some of the nuclear power plants have stopped automatically but so far no radioactive material has been confirmed to have been leaked to the outside.7% at 10.earthquake.000 Chilean residential buildings were severely damaged in the quake. in Japan.04am: More from Japanese prime minister Kan. He extended his "deepest sympathies" to the victims of the earthquake. Miyako.9 magnitude. Iwate.39am: The Japanese prime minister Naoto Kan has just been addressing a press conference.usgs. 7. 7. compared with 82. and the cost of the damage was estimated to be $25-$30bn (£10-£12bn). in 1995 measured 7.433 people. The Nikkei average closed down 1. The cost of repair was estimated at $100bn.80 yen before the quake struck. help each other and act fast.
also on the northeast coast. Europe's Energy Commissioner Guenther Oettinger addressed the European Parliament on 15 March. . The April 7 aftershock caused the loss of external power to Rokkasho Reprocessing Plant and Higashidori Nuclear Power Plant but backup generators were functional. leading to severe problems at Fukushima I. earthquake and tsunami created an estimated 25 million tons of rubble and debris in Japan.  The  Nuclear power plants Further information: 2011 Japanese nuclear accidents The Fukushima I. that 190.000 people were evacuated.04 million.593 mi) coastline and stand up to 12 m (39 ft) high.751 km (21. By 21 March 2011. were automatically shut down following the earthquake. experts recognized that Fukushima is not the worst nuclear accident ever but it is the most complicated Water In the immediate aftermath of the calamity. As the nuclear crisis entered a second month. including two large explosions and radioactive leakage.500 in Iwate Prefecture and 2.5 million households were reported to have lost access to water supplies. Cooling is needed to remove decay heat after a reactor has been shut down. A spill of a couple liters of radioactive water occurred at Onagawa. was already shut down for a periodic inspection. Over 200. 45.more than piles of rubble.500 structures in Miyagi Prefecture. consisting of a total eleven reactors. the tsunami simply washed over the top of some seawalls. before-and-after satellite photographs of devastated regions show immense damage to many regions. and to maintain spent fuel pools. Higashid ri.  Japan's National Police Agency said on 3 April 2011.   Estimates of the cost of the damage range well into the tens of billions of US dollars. collapsing some in the process. At Fukushima I and II tsunami waves overtopped seawalls and destroyed diesel backup power systems. The damaged buildings included 29. Fukushima II.400 in Fukushima Prefecture. Onagawa Nuclear Power Plant lost 3 of 4 external power lines and lost cooling function for as much as 80 minutes. 12.000 buildings were destroyed or damaged by the quake and tsunami. at least 1. Although Japan has invested the equivalent of billions of dollars on anti-tsunami seawalls which line at least 40% of its 34. Onagawa Nuclear Power Plant and T kai nuclear power stations. Of those. this number fell to 1. The backup cooling process is powered by emergency diesel generators at the plants and at Rokkasho nuclear reprocessing plant.700 were destroyed. explaining that the nuclear disaster an "apocalypse". with almost no parts of any structures left standing.
 The reactors at the Fukushima Dai-ichi and Fukushima Dai-ni plants were automatically taken offline when the first earthquake occurred and have sustained major damage related to the earthquake and subsequent tsunami. the [20 number of households in the north without electricity fell to 242. This is because 40% of the electricity used in the greater Tokyo area is now supplied by reactors in the Niigata and Fukushima prefectures.According to T hoku Electric Power (TEP). Chiba. Rolling  blackouts began on 14 March due to power shortages caused by the earthquake. Tochigi. which normally provides approximately 40 GW of electricity. around 4.  helped reduce the predicted frequency and duration of the blackouts. Kanagawa. reducing TEPCO's total capacity by 21 GW. Yamanashi. Rolling blackouts of three hours are expected to last until the end of April and will affect the Tokyo. Saitama. announced that it can currently provide only about 30 GW. Eastern Shizuoka. By 21 March 2011.927.  Voluntary reduced electricity use by consumers in the Kanto area and Gunmaprefectures.4 million households in  Several nuclear and conventional power northeastern Japan were left without electricity. Ibaraki. The Tokyo Electric Power Company (TEPCO).  plants went offline after the earthquake. Elericity .
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