• Islamic Perspective on planning, organizing, leading and controlling • Principles of Islamic Management

Islamic Management

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w. optimally in order to achieve goals. • Practiced since the ear of Prophet Muhammad s.a. Islamic Management 2 . • Based on the holy Al-Quran and the AsSunnah as a guidance in making decisions. be it short term goals or long term goals.Management From The Islamic Perspective • Management is defined as the ability to utilize resources both materials and human.

Delegation Authority Centralization & Decentralization A long Term objective A short term objective Islamic Management Controlling Assuring the results to actual plans Leading Syura Justice Freedom of expression Masrui’ah Qualification Reward 3 .MANAGEMENT FUNCTIONS IN ISLAM Planning Organizing Organization Structure Utilization of resource Power.

b. The Islamic management practices the following elements: Planning Organizing Leading Controlling Islamic Management 4 .Management Functions in Islam • a. c. d.

academic achievement. avoid sins A short term objective/goal.w. Thus our life's and activities must be focused on fulfilling two purposes that are: A long term objective/goal-to be worthy servants of Allah. financial profit.t. to be Khalifah on earth.work productivity in the form of services or products.Management Functions in Islam 1. Islamic Management 5 . human beings are created by Allah s. b. The planning process of setting objective/goals is also practiced in Islam According to Islam. Planning • • • a.

decentralization and centralization. leadership refers to the process of moving people in a planned direction by motivating them • Good leader moves people in a direction that is in their long term best interest. delegation. Organizing • In Islam. power. Islamic Management 6 . utilization of resources (human). organizing comprises the structuring of an organization structure (organization chart). 3. authority. Leading • From Islamic point of view.Management Functions in Islam 2.

The characteristics of an Islamic leader are: 1. Adheres to the Syariah and the Islamic manner in doing things. 4. Has global perceived goals of organization not only in term of individual or group interest but also from a wider Islamic perspective. leadership refers to the process of moving people in a planned direction by motivating them Good leader moves people in a direction that is in their long term best interest. 3. Leading From Islamic point of view. Faithful to Allah 2.Management Functions in Islam • • • 3. Islamic Management 7 . Delegates trust.

Leading To be effective.Management Functions in Islam • a.leader should treat people justly and fairly regardless of race. b. 3. Justice . color. Islamic leaders should follow these principles: Syura (Mutual Consultation) -the way of managing through teamwork -practice of syura enable members of an organization to participate in the decision making process -syura also monitors the leaders conduct of behavior. national origin or religion. Islamic Management 8 .

-According to Islamic leadership. Freedom of Expression . a leader should try to create an atmosphere of free thinking.Management Functions in Islam 3. healthy exchange of ideas. d. Masrui’ah . critics and advice.Muslim leaders are encouraged to practice two way communication.the concept of legality whereby the management have to ensure that any action taken must be within the legal boundary of the common/man made law and the syariah laws. Islamic Management 9 . Leading c.

manager must be fair in any action and reward people accordingly.Management Functions in Islam 3.selection of new personnel should not be based on self interest or favoritism. -should be based on 2 factors that are: “quwwah” (strength) and “amanah”(trustworthy) . . It should be based on person’s ability. Leading e. expertise. Islamic Management 10 f. Qualification -Looks at the importance of selecting the right management and personnel. experience and other suitable criteria. Reward .

Management Functions in Islam 4. Islamic Management 11 . Controlling • Defined as the application of the procedures prescribed and organized according to plan as well as the performance of the roles defined and specified under the organization.

dedication. worshipping him with seeking hid worthy pleasure and rewards.Principles of Islamic Management a. d. self restraint.human as khalifah must be able to balance their short term and long term goals such as serving Allah. . Islamic Management 12 b. honesty. . c. The ultimate goal of our life should be harmoniously linked with the worldly aims.working is not merely for material gains. but also moral obligation and measure of pleasing Allah and getting nearer to him Time is to be fully utilized Uphold and practice the Islamic ethical values -in whatever we do. Moral/ religious work should be integrated in the work or activities we do . self discipline and fear of Allah. we should uphold the Islamic values of truthfulness.

i.g: working hours must be reasonable and fair. Self criticism -should be exercised by individuals and workers at all levels. Islamic Management 13 . g. E.both psychological and economical contracts of a person must be met. Employee must be paid sufficiently. promptly and fairly There should be conducive rewards for exceptional achievement and adequate measures to detect and prevent violations Practice the concept of al-shura f. h. -Each individual should review his/her work and analyze his action and attitudes No favoritism and discrimination Human nature and needs should be both considered simultaneously . j.Principles of Islamic Management e.

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