You are on page 1of 3


Computer vision
Computer vision
Is one way for a computer system to reach beyond the data it is given and
find out about the real world

-:the aim of computer vision**

To understand some science in the outside world

Computer vision
Computer vision covers a wide range of topics which are often related to other
disciplines, and consequently there is no standard formulation of "the computer vision
problem". Moreover, there is no standard formulation of how computer vision
.problems should be solved

A hierarchical model for computer vision: from

image data to facts

Applications for computer vision

1- One of the most application fields is medical computer vision or medical image

A second application area in computer vision is in industry, sometimes called -2

machine vision, where information is extracted for the purpose of supporting a
.manufacturing process

.Military applications are probably one of the largest areas for computer vision-3


Phases of computer vision

1-Digitization:- analog video signal is converted in to digital image

2-Signal processing:- low-level processing of the digital image in order

to enhance significant feature

3-Edge and region detection:-finding low-level feature in the digital


4-Object recognition:-building lines and region into objects

5-Image understanding:-making sufficient sense of the image to use it

Typical functions which are found in many computer

vision systems.
Image acquisition: A digital image is produced by one or several image-1
sensors, which besides various types of light-sensitive cameras , include range
sensors, tomography devices, radar, ultra-sonic cameras, etc. Depending on the
type of sensor, the resulting image data is an ordinary 2D image, a 3D volume, or
.an image sequence

images problem of
External Light-3

Pre-processing -2
Before a computer vision method can be applied to image data in order to extract
some specific piece of information, it is usually necessary to process the data in order
to assure that it satisfies certain assumptions implied by the method.

o Re-sampling in order to assure that the image coordinate

system is correct.
o Noise reduction in order to assure that sensor noise does not
introduce false information.
o Contrast enhancement to assure that relevant information can
be detected.
o Scale-space representation to enhance image structures at
locally appropriate scales.

Digital filter
-Removing noise
Enhancing of image feature-
Types of filter
Linear Filter -1
Smoothing Filter -2
Gaussian Filter -3
Mean Filter -4
Median Filter -5

Image Analysis-3
Is the extraction of meaningful information from images; mainly from digital images
by means of digital image processing techniques. Image analysis tasks can be as
simple as reading bar coded tags or as sophisticated as identifying a person from their

Image Recognition-4
The classical problem in computer vision, image processing, and machine vision is
that of determining whether or not the image data contains some specific object,
feature, or activity.