EXISTENTIALISM IS ALIVE AND KICKING STRONG By: John Y. Day J.P. Sartre: “Man must be invented each day”.

Albert Camus: “I rebel, then we are. " Half a century after the end of “era Sartre” (a period around the Second World War), the materialistic version of existentialism created by JeanPaul Sartre is still alive and kicking strong. Although different authors disagree whether it is, basically, a branch of philosophy to be applied mostly on human existence and on literature and theatre; or on sociopolitical theory as projected to human history and future destiny; nobody denies its strong influence until the present days. The word “existentialism” in its English version has 2,640.000 entries in GOOGLE search (“pragmatism” has 1,940.000 entries), while the world “Sartre” has 11,400.000 entries. A few writers about Sartre during the last (20th) century, carried by his political and literary contraversis, attempted to grasp him as a whole man. And only a few of them unterstood that he had been not only a man of his century but was “destined” to assist all of us in search of life ´s meaning without time limit . The influence on Sartre´s life and work, probably, had the atrocities commited during two world wars, (1914-1018) and (1939-1945) that occured during his lifetime. That is why he aleays remaind a man of peace and fighter against the war in any form. But it was Sartre´s friendship with Albert Camus (1913-1960) that had the crucial influence on both, and in particular on Sartre´s “life philosophy”. Although Camus's commitment was rather of anarchist type of existentielism, Camus believed in the crucial role of “the others” ("Humanity is what it is, rather little. But it is."). Also, the Camus concept of humanity as product of a tragical, Sizifud type, Rebelion had an important influence on Sartre – in spite of the fact that he often denied it. To this, it should be added that the important role of Simone de Bauvoire in the development of human relation problem (in particular men and women relation) has been, until recently, little elucidate in the literature.

In the United States and in England there are “SARTRE societies now. In Europe, and especially in France, and in practically in the whole world there is a continuous interest in Sartre´s existentialism, his personality and social and political biography. He is becoming a kind of GURU of our lives and his parallel with Hinduism and Buddhism has been long noted. In occasion of the celebration of Hundred year of Sartre’s birth (19051980) the National library of France organized an exposition in Paris, the result of which is now permanent: documents related to Sartre life as well as copies of virtually all his publications can be found on Internet by addressing the library: “BNP Sartre Paris”. Virtually each text written by Sartre has been commented upon many times and in all kind of media in practically all countries in the World. His existentialist categories, such as “bad faith” or “the others”, have entered the every days vocabulary.

*
Here it is a brief description of Sartre´s existentialism as affecting humans´ every days lives and destiny which can be found en Internet GOOGLE: Sartre’s Existentialism (Excerpt)

”The philosophical career of Jean Paul Sartre (1905-1980) focuses, in its first phase, upon the construction of a philosophy of existence known as existentialism. Sartre’s early works are characterized by a development of classic phenomenology, but his reflection diverges from Husserl’s on methodology, the conception of the self, and an interest in ethics. These points of divergence are the cornerstones of Sartre’s existential phenomenology, whose purpose is to understand human existence rather than the world as such. Adopting and adapting the methods of phenomenology, Sartre sets out to develop an ontological account of what it is to be human. The main features of this ontology are the groundlessness and radical freedom which characterize the human condition.” -From Internet GOOGLE: “Naturalistic Epistemology,” by Chase B. Wrenn, The Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy, ISSN 21610002, http://www.iep.utm.edu/, today’s date.

Sign up to vote on this title
UsefulNot useful