12 Quiz
1. The role of repressed childhood conflicts in personality disorders is most clearly emphasized by the ________ perspective. A. trait B. social-cognitive C. psychoanalytic 100% D. humanistic That is correct!

2. During a phone call to the Psychic Network, Mark was told that ³you often worry about things much more than you admit, even to your best friends.´ Mark¶s amazement at the psychic¶s apparent understanding of his personality best illustrates A. the spotlight effect. B. an external locus of control. C. the Barnum effect. 100% That is correct!

D. the self-reference phenomenon.

3. One of the Big Five personality factors is A. reciprocal determinism. B. self-actualization. C. agreeableness. 100% D. psychoanalysis. That is correct!

4. Sarah¶s optimism is both a contributor to and a product of her successful career accomplishments. This best illustrates A. self-serving bias. B. reciprocal determinism. 100% C. unconditional positive regard. D. the spotlight effect. That is correct!

C. B. B. Her belief most clearly illustrates A. D. defensive self-esteem. D. an external locus of control. the Barnum effect. the false consensus effect. weak ego. 100% That is correct! 7. D. Although she is intelligent and a good athlete. the false consensus effect. C. reciprocal determinism. Marcy believes that the outcome of athletic contests depends so much on luck that it hardly pays to put any effort into her own athletic training. That is correct! 8. the Barnum effect. she overestimated the extent to which others would also notice. A psychoanalyst would suggest that Jaydon shows signs of a A. 100% B. strong superego. 100% That is correct! . D. Her reaction best illustrates A.5. C. C. the spotlight effect. the spotlight effect. Abigail believes that her low grades in school and losing the quarter-mile race are reflections of her own intellectual and athletic incompetence. Jaydon doesn¶t realize that his alcohol abuse and neglect of his family is leading to the destruction of both his family and career. 100% That is correct! 6. strong ego. reciprocal determinism. weak id. a pessimistic attributional style. the spotlight effect. When Vanessa noticed that she was wearing mismatched socks. B. Her conclusion best illustrates A.

displacement. D. Carl Jung emphasized the importance of ________ in personality functioning. projection. That is correct! 10. C. self-esteem C. A. inferiority feelings B. unconditional positive regard That is correct! 12. factor analytic D. C.9. 100% That is correct! 11. an inferiority complex. empirically derived B. Freud suggested that adults with a passive personality marked by a childlike dependency demonstrate signs of A. an oral fixation. projective 100% That is correct! . reaction formation. regression. 100% B. an Oedipus complex. Hermann Rorschach introduced what has become the most widely used ________ test. Bryce often acts so daring and overly confident that few people realize he is actually riddled with unconscious insecurity and self-doubt. D. Bryce best illustrates the use of a defense mechanism known as A. reaction formation. B. psychosexual stages C. A. the collective unconscious 100% D.

13. C. 100% D. projective testing B. empirically derived testing D. persistence. extraversion. That is correct! 15. 100% D. and self-reliance reflects a single personality trait? A. Humanistic psychology has been most closely associated with an emphasis on the importance of A. an external locus of control. factor analysis 100% That is correct! C. B. B. spontaneous. reaction formation. reciprocal determinism. free association . a positive self-concept. C. Which technique would psychologists use to assess whether a cluster of characteristics that includes ambition. That is correct! 14. empirically derived tests. and not paralyzed by others¶ opinions illustrate A. determination. an external locus of control. Abraham Maslow suggested that individuals who are open. self-actualization.

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