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The students who will choose to study Space Science as major subject for four years B.S.

(HONS)(HONS)degree must meet the following requirements in addition to the special requirements.

Space Science, Physics and Mathematics

English (Language) 04

Islamic Studies 02

Pakistan Studies 02

Foreign Languages 03

Computer Lab 03

Space Science 103

Physics 27

Mathematics 18

Total Credit Hours : 162

List of Courses and Credit Hours For B.S. (Hons) in Space Science

Semester-I

English Language ENG 101 CR. 2 (2-0)

Islamic Studies ISL 102 CR. 2 (2-0)

Fundamental Astronomy SSC 103 CR. 3 (3-0)

Mechanics SSC 104 CR. 3 (3-0)

Physics Lab-I SSC 105 CR. 1 (0-3)

Calculus-I SSC 106 CR. 3 (3-0)

Geometry SSC 107 CR. 3 (3-0)

Semester-II

English Language ENG 201 CR. 2 (2-0)

Pakistan Studies PKS 202 CR. 2 (2-0)

Solar System Astronomy SSC 203 CR. 3 (3-0)

Atmospheric Science SSC 204 CR. 3 (3-0)

Space Science Lab-I SSC 205 CR. 1 (0-3)

Electricity and Magnetism SSC 206 CR. 3 (3-0)

Physics Lab-II SSC 207 CR. 1 (0-3)

Calculus-II SSC 208 CR. 3 (3-0)

Semester-III

Foreign Languages LNG 301 CR. 3 (3-0)

(Arabic / French / German)

Programming Languages SSC 302 CR. 3 (3-0)

Astrophysics SSC 303 CR. 3 (3-0)

Fundamentals of Rockets SSC 304 CR. 3 (3-0)

Space Science Lab-II SSC 305 CR. 1 (0-3)

Physics Lab-III SSC 306 CR. 1 (0-3)

Differential Equations SSC 307 CR. 3 (3-0)

Semester-IV

Database Management Systems SSC 401 CR. 3 (3-0)

Special Relativity SSC 402 CR. 3 (3-0)

Modern Physics SSC 403 CR. 3 (3-0)

Meteorology SSC 404 CR. 3 (3-0)

Analogue Electronics SSC 405 CR. 3 (3-0)

Space Science Lab-III SSC 406 CR. 1 (0-3)

Analogue Electronics Lab SSC 407 CR. 1 (0-3)

Semester-V

Mathematical Techniques SSC 501 CR. 3 (3-0)

Climatology SSC 502 CR. 3 (3-0)

Aerospace Systems SSC 503 CR. 3 (3-0)

Remote Sensing-I SSC 504 CR. 3 (3-0)

Electronic Communications SSC 505 CR. 3 (3-0)

Remote Sensing Lab-I SSC 506 CR. 1 (0-3)

Semester-VI

Geo-statistics SSC 601 CR. 3 (3-0)

Quantum Mechanics SSC 602 CR. 3 (3-0)

Electrodynamics SSC 603 CR. 3 (3-0)

Remote Sensing-II SSC 604 CR. 3 (3-0)

Digital Electronics SSC 605 CR. 3 (3-0)

Remote Sensing Lab-II SSC 606 CR. 1 (0-3)

Digital Electronics Lab SSC 607 CR. 1 (0-3)

SEMESTER - VII

Research Methods SSC 701 CR. 3 (3-0)

Space Plasma SSC 702 CR. 3 (3-0)

Image Processing SSC 703 CR. 3 (3-0)

Image Processing Lab SSC 704 CR. 1 (0-3)

Weather Analysis & Forecasting SSC 705 CR. 3 (3-0)

Project Report SSC 706 CR. 3 (3-0)

SEMESTER – VIII

Cosmology SSC 801 CR. 3 (3-0)

Reimann’s Geometry SSC 802 CR. 3(3-0)

Electronic Comm. Systems SSC 803 CR. 3 (3-0)

Electronic Comm. Systems Lab SSC 804 CR. 1 (0-3)

Geographical information systems SSC 805 CR. 3 (3-0)

Geographical information systems Lab SSC 806 CR. 1 (0-3)

Project Report SSC 807 CR. 3(3-0)

Semester-I

Spherical Trigonometry, The Earth, The Celestial Sphere, Horizontal and Equatorial Systems of

Coordinates, Perturbations of Coordinates, Positional Astronomy, Astronomical Time Systems, The

Equation of Time, Motions of Celestial Bodies, Equation of Motion, Equation of the Orbit, Orbital

Elements and Kepler’s Laws, Position in the Orbit, Escape Velocity, Virial Theorem, The Jeans Limit.

Books Recommended:

1. W. M. Smart, Foundations of Astronomy, Longmans, Green and Company.

2. A. E. Roy and D. Clarke, Astronomy: Principles and Practice, Adam Higher Ltd., Bristol,

1977.

3. Michael Zeilik and John Gaustad, Astronomy: The Cosmic Perspective, Second Edition, John

Wiley & Sons Inc. 1990.

4. H. Karttunen, P. Kroger, H. Oja, M. Poutanen, K. J. Donner, Fundamental Astronomy, Third

Revised and Enlarged Edition, Springer, 2000.

5. Fundamental Astronomy by H. Karttunen et al.

Vector Analysis, Scalar and Vector Fields, Products of Vectors, Line and Surface Integrals, Vector

Area, Vector Calculus, Motion along a Straight Line, Motion in Two and Three Dimensions, Projectile

Motion, Uniform Circular Motion, Rotatory and Oscillatory Motion, Relative Motion, Force and Motion,

Newton’s Laws and their Applications, Friction and Terminal Speed, Work and Kinetic Energy, Work

done by Various Forces, Potential Energy and Conservation of Energy, System of Particles, Center of

Mass and Linear Momentum, Systems with Varying Mass, External Forces and Internal Energy

Changes, Theory of Collisions, Momentum and Kinetic Energy in Collisions, Collisions in One and

Two Dimensions.

Books Recommended:

1. David Halliday, Robert Resnick and Jearl Walker, Fundamentals of Physics, 4th Edition, John

Wiley and Sons Inc, 1993.

2. David Halliday, Robert Resnick and Jearl Walker, Fundamentals of Physics, 6th Edition, John

Wiley and Sons Inc, 2001.

3. H. D. Young and R. A. Freedman, University Physics, 9th Edition, Addison Wesley Publishing

Company Inc, 1996.

4. Robert Resnick, David Halliday and Krane, Fundamentals of Physics, 5th Edition, John Wiley

and Sons Inc, New York, 2002.

5. Sears, Zemansky and H. D. Young, University Physics, 8th Edition, Addison-Wesley,

Reading (MA), USA, 2000.

NOTE: The candidates will have to perform at least five out of the following and similar experiments.

1. To study the compound pendulum and find the value of “g” by drawing a graph between

distance from the center of gravity and time period.

2. To determine the modulus of rigidity of a wire by dynamical method using Maxwell’s needle.

3. To determine the modulus of rigidity of the material of a flat spiral spring.

4. To find the modulus of rigidity of a wire by some statical method.

5. To determine the Young’s modulus of the material of a flat spiral spring.

6. To determine the surface tension of water by capillary tube method.

7. To determine the vertical distance between two points with the help of a sextant apparatus.

8. To determine the height of an inaccessible object by using a sextant apparatus.

Books Recommended:

1. M. H. Musaddiq, A Text Book of Experimental Physics, 5th revised Edition, Allied Book

Centre, Lahore.

2. B. L. Worsnop and H. T. Flint, Advanced Practical Physics for Students, Methuen Educational

Ltd.

3. David Halliday, Robert Resnick and Jearl Walker, Fundamentals of Physics, 4th Edition, John

Wiley and Sons Inc, 1993.

4. H. D. Young and R. A. Freedman, University Physics, 9th Edition, Addison Wesley Publishing

Company Inc, 1996.

SSC 106 CALCULUS-I CR. 3 (3-0)

Rational and Irrational Numbers, Bounded Set of Real Numbers, Infinum & Supremum, Infinite

Sequence and its Convergence, Sum and Product, Recurrence Relations of Sequence and

Convergence Applications, Real Valued Functions, Limits of Functions, Limits of Functions Via

Sequence, Continuity and Discontinuity, Intermediate Value Theorem and its Consequences,

Derivative of a Function, Derivative of Some Special Functions, Extreme Values, Their Evaluation

and Application.

Books Recommended:

1. George B. Thomas, Ross B. Finney, Calculus and Analytic Geometry, Addison Wesley

Publishing Company.

2. Hughes-Hallett, Gleason, McCallum et al., Calculus - Single and Multivariable, 3rd Edition,

John Wiley & Sons, 2002.

3. Gerald L. Bradley, Karl J. Smith, Calculus, 2nd Edition, Prentice Hall, 1999.

Survey of Euclidean Geometry, The Axioms, Theorems of Plane Figures, Some Constructions,

Symmetries, The General Equation of Conics, Tangent, Normal and Asymptotes, Vectors: Inner

Products, Direct Line, Orthogonal Projections, Equation of Line in Symmetric Forms, Direction Ratios

and Direction Cosine, Plane: The Normal Form, The General Form of Equation, Distance of a Point

from a Plane, Angle Between Two Planes, The Line of Intersection of Two Planes, The Parametric

Equation, Surfaces: Equation of Surface, Space Curves, Plane Sections, Surfaces of Revolutions,

Symmetries, Lines on Cylinders, Tangents Lines, Planes: Quadric Surfaces: Sphere, Ellipsoids,

Quadric Cones, Hyperboloids, Paraboloids, Cylinders, Spherical Coordinates: Azimuth and Elevation,

Other Spherical Coordinates, Matrices of Planer Rotations, Stabilization of Coordinates.

Books Recommended:

1. George B.Thomas & Ross L.Finney, Calculus and Analytic Geometry.

2. Abraham Spitzbart, Analytic Geometry.

3. Charles Wexler, Analytic Geometry a Vector Approach.

4. Filler Parker, Analytic Geometry & Calculus

Semester-II

Some Basic Concepts, Distances and Directions, The Visible Sky, Constellations, Angular

Measurements, Parallax, The Earth-Moon System, Physical Properties of Terrestrial and Jovian

Planets, Planetary Distances and Diameters, Density, Rotational Periods and Surface Temperatures,

Asteroids and Comets, Meteors and Meteorites, Theories of Origin of Solar System, The Sun: Our

Home Star, Physical Properties of the Sun, The Pressure and Temperature of Solar Interior, The

Gravitational and Nuclear Energy, Radiations from the Cosmos.

Books Recommended:

1. Universe by W. J. Kaufmann, W. H.Freeman and Company, New York. (1985).

2. Astronomy-The Cosmic Perspective by M. Zeilik and J. Gaustad, John Wiley & Sons. (1990).

3. Astronomy Today, McMillan, 5th edition, 2005.

4. Fundamental Astronomy, H. Karttunen et al., , Springer, 2000, 3rd Edition.

5. Introductory Astronomy & Astrophysics by M. Zeilik and S. A. Gregory, Saunders College

Publishing, (1998), 4th Edition.

6. In Quest of the Universe by K. F. Kuhn and T. Koupelis, USA, Jones and Bartlett Publishers,

(2001), 3rd Edition.

7. Astrophysical Concepts by Martin Harwit, Springer-Verlag, John Wiley & Sons, N.Y, (1998),

3rd Edition.

8. Cosmology – The Structure and Evolution of the Universe by G. Contopoulos and D. Kotsakis,

Springer-Verlag, (1987), 2nd Edition.

9. Discovering the Universe by W. J. Kaufmann, W.H.Freeman and Company, New York (1997),

4th Edition.

Chemical Cycles, Natural Green House Effect, The Structure of the Atmosphere, Atmospheric

Chemistry (Composition and Basic Photochemical Cycles of NO2, O3 and NO), Radiative Fluxes and

Radiation Balance, Net Radiation and the Energy Transfer within the Atmosphere and at the Earth’s

Surface, Light Scattering by Aerosols and Clouds, Radiative Effects of Atmosphere, Visibility

Degradation, Energy Transfer within the Troposphere and its Influence on the Atmospheric Stability

Tendencies, The Hydrostatic Equilibrium, The Hydrostatic Equation and the Clausius-Clapyron

Equation and its Applications, The Potential Temperature, Atmospheric Electricity [Intra-cloud (IC),

Cloud to Ground (CG)].

Books Recommended:

1. Johps M. Moran, The Atmosphere and Science of Weather, 1997.

2. Bill Gills, The Story of Weather.

3. D. Russell, Atmospheric Processes and Systems.

4. C. Donald Ahrens, Meteorology Today: An Introduction to Weather, Climate and

Environment.

5. Daniel Botkin and Edward Keller, Environmental Science, Earth as a Living Planet, John

Wiley & Sons,1995.

6. George L. Cantzlar, Your Guide to Weather.

7. R. Barry, Atmosphere, Weather and Climate, 1987.

8. John T. Hardy, Climate Change: Causes, Effects and Solutions.

NOTE: The candidate will have to perform at least six out of the following and similar experiments.

1. To study the variation in the Declination of the Sun during a given year.

2. To study the variation in the Equation of time.

3. To study the relationship between Declination and Equation of time.

4. To calculate the time of sunrise and sunset with the help of Astronomical Almanac at a given

date and place.

5. To calculate the time of moonrise and moonset with the help of Astronomical Almanac at a

given date and place.

6. To determine the time beginning and ending of different types of Twilights with the help of

Almanac at a given date and place.

7. To study the sunspot activity with the help of a telescope.

8. To determine the Right Ascension, Declination, distance from the Earth and apparent

magnitude of various planets by using software technique.

Books Recommended:

1. Astronomical Almanac.

2. W. M. Smart, Foundations of Astronomy, Longmans, Green and Company.

Electric Field of Continuous Charge Distributions, Dipole in an Electric Field, Application of Gauss’

Law, Calculating the Field from the Potential, Capacitor with Dielectric, Electric Current Density and

Ohm’s Law, Semiconductors and Superconductors, Magnetic Force on a Charged Particle, Magnetic

Force on a Current, Torque on a Current Loop, Magnetic Dipole, Boit-Savart’s Law, Ampere’s Law,

Faraday’s Law, Lens’s Law, Motional E.M.F, Induced Electric Fields, Gauss’ s Law for Magnetism,

Origin of Atomic and Nuclear Magnetism, Magnetization, Magnetic Materials, Induced Magnetic

Fields and Displacement Current, Maxwell’s Equations, Generating an Electro-Magnetic Wave,

Traveling Waves and Maxwell’s Equations, Energy Transport and the Poynting Vector.

Books Recommended:

1. David Halliday, Robert Resnick and Jearl Walker, Fundamentals of Physics, Extended 6th

Edition, John Wiley and Sons Inc, New York, 2001.

2. Resnick, Halliday and Krane, Physics (extended), 5th Edition, John Wiley and Sons Inc, New

York, 2002.

3. Fundamental of Physics Resnick, Halliday and Krane, 5th Edition. John Wiley and Sons Inc,

New York, 1999.

4. University Physics 8th Eidition by Sears, Zemansky and Young, Aiddison-Wesley, Reading

(MA), USA, 2002.

5. Paul A, Tipler, Ralph A.Llewellyn, Modern Physics, 3rd Edition, W.H.Freeman and Company,

2000.

NOTE: The candidates will have to perform at least five out of the following and similar experiments.

1. To study the construction of a moving coil galvanometer and determine its resistance by half

deflection method.

2. To determine the resistance of a moving coil galvanometer by Kelvin’s method using a Post

office box.

3. To convert a Weston type galvanometer into a voltmeter measuring up to 5 volts.

4. To convert a Weston type galvanometer into an ammeter measuring up to 0.3 amperes.

5. To determine an unknown small resistance with the help of a Carrey Foster’s bridge.

6. To calibrate a voltmeter with the help of a potentiometer.

7. To calibrate an ammeter with the help of a potentiometer.

Books Recommended:

1. M. H. Musaddiq, A Text Book of Experimental Physics, 5th revised Edition, Allied Book

Centre, Lahore.

2. B. L. Worsnop and H. T. Flint, Advanced Practical Physics for Students, Methuen Educational

Ltd.

3. David Halliday, Robert Resnick and Jearl Walker, Fundamentals of Physics, 4th Edition, John

Wiley and Sons Inc, 1993.

4. Sears, Zemansky and Young, University Physics, 8th Addition, Aiddison-Wesley, Reading

(MA), USA, 2000.

Riemann Integrals and their Properties, Fundamental Theorems of Calculus, Application to Area,

Fluid Pressure etc. Real Functions of Several Variables and Directional Derivatives, Differentiability,

Tangent Plane, Chain Rule, Extreme Values and its Evaluations, Sketching Graphs of Functions of

Two Variables and its Applications, Multiple Integrals, Volume of a Solid Surface, Polar and

Cylindrical Coordinates, Infinite Series, Test for its Convergence, Root and Ratio Test, Gauss,

Integral Test and its Applications.

Books Recommended:

1. George B. Thomas, Ross B. Finney, Calculus and Analytic Geometry, Addison Wesley

Publishing Company.

2. Hughes-Hallett, Gleason, McCallum et al., Calculus - Single and Multivariable, 3rd Edition,

John Wiley & Sons, 2002.

3. Gerald L. Bradley, Karl J. Smith, Calculus, 2nd Edition, Prentice Hall, 1999.

Semester-III

(Arabic/French/German)

Introduction, Software Categories/ history of C/ IDE, Starting to 'C', Expressions and Operators,

Decisions, Repetition Structures, Loops and Operators, Switch Statement, Functions, Arrays,

Pointers, Strings and Arrays, Pointers and Arrays (Advance), String Manipulation Functions, File

Handling, Structures, Bit Manipulation, Pre-Processor Directives and Macros, Dynamic Memory

Allocation using C++, Structured Programming, Classes and Objects, Memory Allocation in C++,

Friend functions, Reference Data Type, Operator Overloading, Arrays of Objects, Streams, Stream

Manipulation, Overloading Insertion and Extraction Operators, User Defined Manipulators, Copy

Constructor, Classes and Objects (Advance), Template Functions, Class Templates, Programming

Exercise, Practical Examples.

Books Recommended:

1. Deital Deital, C++ How to Program, 5th Edition, Pearson Education, 2005.

2. Kernighan Brian, Ritchie Dennis, C Programming Language, 2nd Edition, Prentice Hall, 1988.

Electromagnetic Radiation and Matter, Radiation Mechanisms, Telescopes and Detectors, The Sun:

A Model Star, Stellar Distances and magnitudes, Binary Star Systems and Stellar Masses, Visual,

Spectroscopic and Eclipsing Binaries, Stellar Spectra, The H-R Diagrams, The Interstellar Medium

and Star Birth, The Structure and Evolution of Stars, Pre-Main-Sequence and Main Sequence Phase,

Giant Phase, Final Stages of Evolution, Compact Stars, White Dwarfs, Neutron Stars and Black

Holes, Stellar Models and Stellar Energy Sources, Variable and Violent Stars.

Books Recommended:

1. Introductory Astronomy & Astrophysics, M. Zeilik and S. A. Gregory, Saunders College

Publishing, (1998), 4th Edition.

2. Fundamental Astronomy, H. Karttunen et al., Springer, Berlin, (2000), 3rd Edition.

3. In Quest of the Universe, K. F. Kuhn and T. Koupelis, USA, Jones and Bartlett Publishers,

(2001), 3rd Edition.

4. Discovering the Universe, W. J. Kaufmann, W.H.Freeman and Company, New York (1997),

4th Edition.

5. Contemporary Astronomy, J. M. Pasachoff, Saunders College Publishing (1989), 4th Edition

6. Astronomy-The Evolving Universe, Michael Zeilik, Cambridge University Press (2002), 9th

Edition.

7. Astrophysical Concepts, Martin Harwit, Springer-Verlag, John Wiley & Sons, N.Y, (1998), 3rd

Edition.

8. Astronomy-The Cosmic Perspective, M. Zeilik and J. Gaustad, John Wiley & Sons. (1990).

9. Voyages Through the Universe, Andrew Fraknoi et al., Thomson Books/Cole, (2004) 3rd

Edition.

10. Foundations of Astronomy, Michael A. Seeds, Thomson Books/Cole, (2003) 7th Edition.

Introduction, Rocket Equation, Thrust, Exhaust Velocity, Multi Stage Rockets, Ideal Rocket, Nozzle

Alignment, Flight Performance Effect of Propulsion System on Vehicle Performance, Space Flight,

Flight Maneuvers, Liquid Propellant Rockets Engine, Fundamental Propellants, Propellant Tanks,

Tank Pressurization, Flow and Pressure Balance, Valves and Pipe Lines, Liquid Propellants,

Propellant Properties, Liquid Oxidizers, Liquid Fuels, Liquid Monopropellants, Liquid Propellant

Rocket Engines, The Basic Configuration of the Liquid Propellant Engine, The Performance of Liquid

Fuelled Rocket Engines, Thrust Chambers Combustion and Nozzle, Starting and Ignition,

Combustion of Solid Propellants, Physical and Chemical Processes, Ignition Process, Nozzle of Solid

Rockets, Solid Propellant Rocket Motors, Basic Configuration, Propellant Composition, The Thermal

Rocket Engine, The Basic Configuration, The Development of Thrust and the Effect of the

Atmosphere.

Books Recommended:

1. George P. Sutton and Oscar Biblarz, Rocket Propulsion Elements, 7th Edition, John Wiley &

Sons, Inc.

2. Martin J. L. Turner, Rocket and Spacecraft Propulsion Principles: Practice and New

Developments, Chichester, U.K.

3. Wilbur L. Pritchard, Henrig G. Suyderhoud and Robert A. Nelson, Satellite Communication

System Engineering, 2nd Edition, Prentice Hall, Englewood Cliffs, New Jersey.

NOTE: The candidate will have to perform at least five out of the following and similar experiments.

1. To map and estimate the area of various lunar surface features with an unaided eye.

2. Conversion of universal time to locate sidereal real time and vice versa.

3. To find the azimuth of Qibla at a given latitude and longitude.

4. To observe the phases of Moon and verify it with the help of software.

5. To plot a chart of stellar constellations and verify it with the help of some astronomical

software.

6. To calculate the age of the new Moon.

7. To study and map the night sky for a given date and time.

Books Recommended:

1. W. M. Smart, Foundations of Astronomy, Longmans, Green and Company.

2. A. E. Roy and D. Clarke, Astronomy: Principles and Practice, Adam Higher Ltd., Bristol,

1977.

3. Michael Zeilik and John Gaustad, Astronomy: The Cosmic Perspective, Second Edition, John

Wiley & Sons Inc. 1990.

4. H. Karttunen, P. Kroger, H. Oja, M. Poutanen, K. J. Donner, Fundamental Astronomy, Third

Revised and Enlarged Edition, Springer, 2000.

NOTE: The candidates will have to perform five out of the following and similar experiments.

2. To study the variation of photoelectric current with the intensity of incident light.

3. To determine the wavelength of sodium-D lines by Newton’s ring.

4. To determine the ionization potential of Mercury.

5. To determine the wavelength of light by Fresnel’s Biprism.

6. To study the characteristics of RLC series & parallel circuits.

7. To draw a calibration curve for a Copper-Constantan thermo-couple by using a

Potentiometer.

Books Recommended:

1. M. H. Musaddiq, A Text Book of Experimental Physics, 5th revised Edition, Allied Book

Centre, Lahore.

2. B. L. Worsnop and H. T. Flint, Advanced Practical Physics for Students, Methuen Educational

Ltd.

3. David Halliday, Robert Resnick and Jearl Walker, Fundamentals of Physics, 4th Edition, John

Wiley and Sons Inc, 1993.

4. H. D. Young and R. A. Freedman, University Physics, 9th Edition, Addison Wesley Publishing

Company Inc, 1996.

5. Sears, Zemansky and Young, University Physics, 8th Addition, Aiddison-Wesley, Reading

(MA), USA, 2000.

Differential Equations of First Order and Methods of its Solutions, Pieard Iterations, Lineon Differential

Equation, Method of Solving Differential Equations of Linear Order, Reduction to First Order,

Inversion, Variation of Parameters, System of Differential Equations and Methods of Solving.

Books Recommended:

1. D.G.Zill, Differential Equations, PWS Publishing Company, Boston.

2. R.C.Buck and E.F.Buck, Introduction to Differential Equations, Honghtan Nifflim Co.

Semester-IV

Database Design, Logical Database Design, Transforming E-R Design to Relational one, Data

Manipulation Language, Normalization, Physical Database Design, Database Tools, Structural Query

Language (SQL), Forms, Data Storage Concept, Indexes And Views, Concurrency Control.

Books Recommended:

1. Database Systems Principles, Design and Implementation by Catherine Ricardo, Maxwell

Macmillan.

2. Database Management Systems, Raghu Ramakrishna, Johannes Gehrke, McGraw-Hill.

3. Modern Database Management, Fred McFadden, Jeffrey Hoofer, Benjamin/Cummings.

Transformation Law for Velocity and Acceleration, Minkowski Space, Four-Vectors, Intervals and

Light Cone, Proper Time, Position 4-Vector, 4-Velocity and 4- Momentum, 4-Force and Equation of

Motion, Motion under a Constant Force, Einstein’s Mass-Energy Relationship and its Practical

Examples, Motion of a Charged Particle in Transverse Electric and Magnetic Fields, Particles of Zero

Rest Mass, Compton Effect, Emission of a Photon from an Excited Nucleus, Variable Proper Mass,

Relativistic Optics, Doppler Effect, Aberration of Light, Tachyons.

Books Recommended:

1. Taylor & Wheeler, Spacetime physics: introduction to special relativity, 2nd ed., W. H. Freeman,

New York, 1992.

2. Woodhouse, Special relativity, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1992.

3. M. Saleem and M. Rafique, Special Relativity, Ellis Horwood, London, Redwood Press

Melksham, (1992).

4. Synge, Relativity: the special theory, 2d ed., North-Holland, Amsterdam, 1965.

5. Rindler, Introduction to special relativity, Clarendon Press, Oxford, 1982.

6. Resnick, Introduction to special relativity, Wiley, New York, 1968.

Quantisation of Charge, Black Body Radiation, Photoelectric Effect, X-rays and Compton Effect,

Atomic Spectra, Rutherford’s Nuclear Model, The Bohr Model of Hydrogen Atom and X-rays Spectra,

The Frank Hertz Experiment, Angular Momenta and Magnetic Dipole Moments, The De-Broglie

Hypothesis, Wave Packets, The Uncertainty Principle, Properties of Nuclei, Mass Deficit and Packing

Fraction, Binding Energy, Nuclear Forces and Models, Radioactivity, Radioactive Dating, Nuclear

Fission and Fusion, Nuclear Reactors, Thermonuclear Reactions, The Stern-Gerlach Experiment,

Magnetic Resonance, Pauli’s Exclusion Principle.

Books Recommended:

1. David Halliday, Robert Resnick and Jearl Walker, Fundamentals of Physics, Extended 6th

Edition, John Wiley and Sons Inc, New York, 2001.

2. Resnick, Halliday and Krane, Physics (extended), 5th Edition, John Wiley and Sons Inc, New

York, 2002.

3. Fundamental of Physics Resnick, Halliday and Krane, 5th Edition. John Wiley and Sons Inc,

New York, 1999.

4. University Physics 8th Eidition by Sears, Zemansky and Young, Aiddison-Wesley, Reading

(MA), USA, 2002.

5. Paul A, Tipler, Ralph A.Llewellyn, Modern Physics (Third Edition), W.H.Freeman and

Company, 2000.

6. Prof. Haji Arshad Ali, A Text Book of Electronics and Modern Physics, 2nd Edition, Akhtar

Book Depot, Lahore, 2000.

The Earth's Atmosphere, Stratospheric Ozone Depletion, Energy and Radiation, Sun Angle and

Seasons, Solar Radiation in the Atmosphere, Radiation Balances, Energy and Temperature, Daily

Temperature Variations, Global Temperature Controls, Atmospheric Optics, Atmospheric Humidity,

Cooling Processes, Condensation, Lifting Mechanisms, Static Stability, Inversions, Cloud Types,

Cloud Droplets Precipitation Processes, Precipitation Types, Atmospheric Pressure, Horizontal Flow

Aloft, Geo-strophic Winds, Rotating Motion, Coriolis Force, Types of Vortices, Surface Flows,

Atmospheric General Circulation, Tropical Hadley Circulation, Mid-Latitude, General Circulation,

Thermal Winds, Thermally Direct Circulations, Down-slope Winds, Air Masses and Fronts, Polar

Front Theory, Vorticity, Rossby Waves Dynamics, Thunderstorm Environments, Local

Thunderstorms, Super-cell Thunderstorms, Thunder and Lightning, Tornadoes, Tropical Cyclones,

Hurricanes, Meteorological Instruments, Surface and Upper Air Weather Charts, Satellite

Meteorology, Radar Meteorology, Weather Symbols, Weather Forecasting.

Books Recommended:

1. D.H.Macintosh & S.A.Thom, Essentials of Meteorology, 1993.

2. HMSO, A Course in Elementary Meteorology, 1978.

construction, working and its applications, Introduction to Transistors, Transistor Construction

PNP/NPN Transistors, Transistor Operation and Testing, Load Line & Operating Point, DC Bias

Circuits for Transistor, CE, CB and CC Transistor Amplifiers, Classes of Amplification (class A, Class

B, class C), FETs, Types of FETs, Load Line and Four Resistance Biasing of FETs, FET Amplifiers,

Operational Amplifier, Ideal OP AMP, Differential Mode and Common Mode Operation, Operational

Amplifier Parameters, Applications of OP AMP, Principle of Oscillation, RC, Hartley, Colpitts and

Crystal Oscillators, Block Diagram of Radio Transmitter and Receiver, Multivibrators, Astable, Mono-

stable and Bi-Stable Multivibrators, Triggering of Bistable Multivibrators, Emitter Coupled Bistable

Multi (Schmitt Trigger Circuit), Collector and Emitter Coupled Monostable Multivibrators, Triggering of

Monostable Multivibrators, Collector Coupled and Emitter Coupled Astable Multivibrators.

Books Recommended:

1. J. D. Ryder, Electronic Circuits and Systems, 1976-83.

2. Millmann and Taub, Pulse Digital and Switching Waveforms, 1965.

3. Millman and Halkias, Integrated Electronics, Mc Graw-Hill, Singapore, (1972).

4. T. Dunkin, Basic Electronics.

5. Robert L. Boylestad and Louis Nashelsky, Electronic Devices and Circuit Theory, Prentice

Hall, New Jersey, 7th Edition.

6. Electronic devices and circuits. Thomas L. Floyd, 6th Edition.

NOTE: The candidates will have to perform four out of the following and similar experiments.

1. Measurement and Study of Noise Pollution by using the Noise Level Meter.

2 To determine the Critical Potential of Neon gas by using Franks Hertz apparatus.

3. To study the working condition of a GM tube by plotting the characteristics curve and

Random nature of Radioactivity.

4 To find the range of Beta particles in Aluminium.

5. To study the properties of Beta radiations and calculate its absorption coefficient.

6. To find the Value of Planks Constant using a Photo Cell.

7. To determine the wavelength of laser light with the help of Michelson’s. Interferometer.

8. To find the dielectric constant of a dielectric material by R-L-C Series Circuit.

9. To measure the difference in wavelengths of Sodium Lights and Thickness of a Mica sheet

by Using Michelson’s Interferometer.

10. To determine the values of Cauchy’s constants using a Spectrometer.

NOTE: The candidates will have to perform at least five out of the following and similar experiments

2. To Study the Different Wave Shaping Circuits using RC, Op-amp, Diode circuits.

3. Design a Single Stage CE. Amplifier and study its Gain, Input Impedance, Output Impedance

and draw its Frequency Response Curve.

4. Design and Construct of an RC Oscillator and measure its Frequency.

5. Design and Construct OP AMP Inverting and Non-Inverting Amplifier Circuits.

6. Design and Construct OP AMP Differentiator and Integrator Circuits.

7. Design a Transistor Astable Multivibrator and Study the Effect of Varying Component Values.

Books Recommended:

1. J. D. Ryder, Electronic Circuits and Systems, 1976-83.

2. Millmann and Taub, Pulse Digital and Switching Waveforms, 1965.

3. Millman and Halkias, Integrated Electronics, Mc Graw-Hill, Singapore, (1972).

4. T. Dunkin, Basic Electronics.

5. Robert L. Boylestad and Louis Nashelsky, Electronic Devices and Circuit Theory, Prentice

Hall, New Jersey, 7th Edition.

6. Electronic devices and circuits. Thomas L. Floyd, 6th Edition.

Semester-V

Analytic Functions, Cauchy's Theorem, Cauchy's Integral Formula, Taylor's and Laurent's Series,

Linear Differential Equation, Power Series Solution, Frobenius Method, Partial Differential Equations,

The Stretched String Wave Equation, Laplace Equation, Heat Equation, Boundary value problems,

Bessel's and Legender's Functions, Calculus of Variation with applications to Problems arising in

Space Science, Euler Lagrange Equations, Brachistochrone Problems related to Fourier Series,

Fourier Transforms and Lapalace Transforms.

Books Recommended:

1. E.Butkov, Mathematical Physics by Addison-Wesley publishing company.

2. G. Arfken, Mathematical Methods for Physicists by Academy Press.

3. LA.Pipes and L.R.Harvill, Applied Mathematics for Engineers and Physicists by

(Mc Graw Hill Book Company).

4. M-C.Potter and J.Goldberg, Mathematical Methods by (Prentice Hall).

Introduction, The Climate System (Causes of Climate, Composition and Structure of the Atmosphere,

Solar Radiation, Energy Balance of the Earth and Atmosphere, Atmospheric Moisture, Adiabatic

Processes, Clouds and Precipitation, Vertical and Horizontal Motion in Atmosphere General

Circulation of the Atmosphere), Scales of Climatic System, Classification of Climate (Local,

International), Tropical and Mid Latitude Climates, Polar Climates, Reconstruction of Past Climate,

Climatic History, Astronomical Influences on Climate Change, Causes, Effects and Solutions of

Climate Change, Future Climate, Numerical Modelling of the Climate.

Books Recommended:

1. Bill Gills, The Story of Weather,1990.

2. Russell D, Atmospheric Processes And Systems,1998.

3. C Donald Ahrens, Meteorology Today, An Introduction To Weather Climate And

Environment.

4. Deneil Botkin and Edward keller, Environmental science, Earth As A Living Planet, John

Wiley & Sons1995.

5. George L. Cantzlar, Your Guide To Weather,1974.

6. R. Barry, Atmosphere Weather and Climate 1987.

7. John T.hardy, Climate Change Causes Effects And Solutions, 1999.

Aerospace Systems, System Evolution, Overview and Configuration, System Programme, The Space

Segment, Composition and Structure, System Aspects, Post Launch Requirements, Satellite

Composition, Critical Constructional Phases, Major Constructional Phases, Mission Control Activities,

Post-Launch Earth Segment, Pre-Launch Activities, Pre-Launch Earth Segment, System Control,

Interfaces and Configuration, Intersegment Control Interfaces, Telemetry Interface Functions,

Telecommand Interface Functions, Tracking Interface Functions, Executive Control Configuration,

System Executive, Man and Machine, Operational Software, Pre-Launch Executive, Pre-and Post

Launch Comparison, Pre-Launch Developments, Comprehensive Rationalization, Evolving Systems,

Retaining Control, System Expansions, Standardization for Operations, Packet Standards, Evolving

Operational Methodologies, Advanced Aerospace Systems, Space Probes, Satellites, Space

Stations, Space Shuttles, Strategic Defence Initiative(SDI), Star Wars, Anti-Satellite Weapon System,

Global Positioning System (GPS).

Books Recommended:

1. John T. Garner and Malcolm Jones , Satellite Operations-System Approach to design and

control.

2. Wilburl, L. Pritchard, Henri G. Suyderhoud and Robert A. Nelson, Satellite Communication

Systems Engineering, Second edition.

Introduction to Remote Sensing, Remote Sensing and its Physical Principles, Electromagnetic

Radiation, Spectrum of Electromagnetic Radiation, Polarization, Process of Scattering, Absorption,

Transmission and Reflection, Interaction of Electromagnetic Radiation with Atmosphere and with the

Earth’s Surface, Atmospheric Windows, Signatures in Remote Sensing, Significance of Multi Spectral

Imagery, Methods of Obtaining Signatures, Spectral, Spatial, Temporal and Radiometric Resolutions,

Colours and Human Vision, Colour Models, Types of Photographic Films (Black and White, Colour

and False Colour Infrared Films), Data Acquisition in Remote Sensing, Scanning Systems, Push

Broom, Whisk Broom and Circular Scanning Systems, Framing Systems, Photographic Camera,

Single Lens Frame Cameras, Multi Lens Frame Cameras, Panoramic Cameras, Strip Cameras,

Lenses and lens coatings used in Remote Sensing, Aerial Photography, Flight Planning Parameters,

Concepts of Stereoscopy, Parallax and Photogrametric Measurements.

Books Recommended:

1. Thomas D.Rabenhorst and Paul D.McDermott, Introduction to Remote Sensing, Merrill

Publishing Co, (1989).

2. Lillesand / Kiefer, Remote Sensing and Image Interpretation, John Wiley & Sons, (1987), 2nd

Edition.

3. Floyd F. Sabins, Remote Sensing, Principles and Interpretation, W.H.Freeman Electronic

Publishing Centre, (1996).

4. Paul J. Curran, Principles of Remote Sensing, Longman Inc, (1985).

5. Gibson Paul.J, Introductory Remote Sensing: Principles and Concepts, Routledge, (2000).

6. Surindra Singh, Principles of Remote Sensing by Patel, Scientific Publishers, (1992), 2nd

Edition.

7. Rees W.G, Physical Principles of Remote Sensing, Cambridge University Press, (2001), 2nd

Edition.

Systems, Electromagnetic Spectrum, Concept of Bandwidth, Filters; Low Pass Filters LPF, High Pass

Filters HPF, Band Pass Filters BPF, Decibel Scale, Time & Frequency Domains), Introduction to Data

Communications (Data Communications Model, LAN, MAN, WAN, OSI Model), Transmission Media

(Guided; Twisted Pair, Coaxial, Optical Fibre, Wireless; Microwave, Radio, Infrared), Signal Encoding

Techniques (AM, FM, PM, PCM, ASK, PSK, FSK, B8ZS, Manchester, Differential Manchester, RZ,

NRZ, Bipolar AMI, DHB3), Antenna Theory, Basics of Radar Systems.

Books Recommended:

1. Electronic Communication Systems, William Schweber, Fourth Edition

2. Electronic Communications Systems, Tomasi, Wayne

3. Communication Electronics, Louis E. Frenzel, Second Edition

4. Satellite Communications, Timothy Pratt, Charles Bostian, Jeremy Allnutt, John Wiley &

Sons, 2003.

5. Text Book on Optical Fiber Communications and its Applications, S.C. Gupta, Prentice Hall,

2004

6. Data and Computer Communications, William Stallings, Seventh Edition

7. Wireless Communications and Networking, William Stallings, 2003

8. Advanced Engineering Mathematics, Bajpal A.C.

NOTE: The candidates will have to perform four out of the following and similar experiments.

2. Formation of multi spectral satellite data.

3. Visual analysis of multi spectral satellite imagery.

4. Visual analysis of panchromatic satellite data.

5. Visual interpretation of hardcopy multi spectral satellite imagery.

6. Visual interpretation of hardcopy panchromatic satellite imagery.

7. Extraction of spectral signatures for different landcover features.

8. Landcover analysis on the basis of spectral signatures.

Books Recommended:

1. Thomas D.Rabenhorst and Paul D.McDermott, Introduction to Remote Sensing, Merrill

Publishing Co, (1989).

2. Lillesand / Kiefer, Remote Sensing and Image Interpretation, John Wiley & Sons, (1987), 2nd

Edition.

3. Floyd F. Sabins, Remote Sensing, Principles and Interpretation, W.H.Freeman Electronic

Publishing Centre, (1996).

4. Paul J. Curran, Principles of Remote Sensing, Longman Inc, (1985).

5. Gibson Paul.J, Introductory Remote Sensing: Principles and Concepts, Routledge, (2000).

6. Surindra Singh, Principles of Remote Sensing by Patel, Scientific Publishers, (1992), 2nd

Edition.

7. Rees W.G, Physical Principles of Remote Sensing, Cambridge University Press, (2001), 2nd

Edition.

Semester-VI

Data and Measurement, Descriptive Statistic, Univariate Description, Descriptive Statistic, Bivariate,

Description, Spatial description, Probability, Rules of Probability, Permutation and Combinations,

Introduction to Probability Distribution, Discrete Probability Distribution, Continuous probability

Distribution, The Exhaustive Data Set, Estimation, Global Estimation, Point Estimation, Hypothesis

Test (Decision on Mean, Proportion and Variance, Ordinary Cringing, Search Strategy, Cross

Validation, Modelling the Sample Variogram, Cokriging, Correlation and Regression

Books Recommended:

1. Edward H. Isaaks and R. Mohan Srivastava, An Introduction to Applied Geostatistics, Oxford

University Press, (1989).

Schrodinger’s Equation and its Applications, Potential Step, Well and Barrier Problems, Harmonic

Oscillator, Schrodinger Equation for Hydrogen Atom, Uncertainty Principle, Expectation Values,

Equation of Continuity, Angular Momentum, The Eigen Values and Eigen Function of L2 and Lz , Spin

Angular Momentum, Orbital Angular Momentum, Total Angular Momentum, Magnetic Moment,

Zeeman Effect , Time Independent Perturbation, Theory for Non-Degenerate Case, First and Second

Order Corrections to Energy Eigen Values and Eigen Functions.

Books Recommended:

1. Eugene Merzbacher, Quantum Mechanics, (John Willy and Sons) 1970.

2. John L. Powell and B. Creasemann, Quantum Mechanics, (Narosa Publishing House) 1995.

3. Linus Pauling and E.Bright Wilson, Introduction to Quantum Mechanics, (Mc.graw Hill) 1994

4. P.C.W. Davies, Quantum Mechanics, (Guenrnesy Press Co. Ltd.) 1984-87.

Electrostatics, Dielectric Materials, Electric Polarization, Charge and Current Density, Electric

Potential, Magnetic Induction, Vector Potential and its Applications, Gauss’s Law, Ampere’s Law and

Faraday’s Law of Magnetic Induction, Four–Dimensional Operator (□), The Conservation of Electric

Charge, Maxwell’s Equations, Characteristics of Electromagnetic Waves, Covariant form of Maxwell’s

Equations, Wave Equations in terms of Electromagnetic Potential and their Solutions, Plane

Electromagnetic Waves in Free Space and their Solutions, Propagation of Electromagnetic Waves in

Conducting and Non-Conducting Media, Modes of Propagation, Poynting Theorem, Plane Wave

Between Two Parallel Conducting Plates, TE-Mode, TM-Mode, TEM-Mode, Laser Light, Light in

Cavities, Einstein Theory of Light-Matter Interaction, Laser Applications.

Books Recommended:

1 Fundamentals of Applied Electromagnetic, by Fawwaz.J.Ulaby, Prentice Hall, (1997).

2 Foundations of Electromagnetic Theory by John. Reitz, Fredeick J.Milford, Narosa Publishing

House, New Delhi, (1990), 6th Reprint.

3 Electromagnetic Waves and Radiating System by Edward.E.Jorden & Keith Balmaiv,

Prentice Hall of India, (1991), 2nd Edition.

4 Electromagnetic Fields and Waves by Paul Lorrain and Dal Carson. CBS Publishers and

Distributors, Dehli, 1986.

5 Lasers by Peter W.Milonni and Joseph H. Eberly, John Wiley and Sons, (1991).

6 Antenna and Wave propagation by K. D. Parsad, Tech India Publications, (1996), 3rd Edition.

7 Classical Electrodynamics by J.D.Jackson, V.R.Damodaran for Wiley Eastern Ltd, (1999),

3rd Edition.

8 Introduction to plasma physics by F. F. Chen. (McGraw-Hill).

9 Introduction to plasma physics by R.J.Goldston, PH Rutherford, Institute of Physics

Publishing, Bristal and Philadelphia Publishing Ltd, (1995).

Thermal Remote Sensing, Optical Remote Sensing, Microwave Remote Sensing, Radar

Construction, Radar Equation, Different Types of Radar, Side Looking Airborne Radar, Synthetic

Aperture Radar, Concepts of Slant Range, Ground Range, Remote Sensing Platforms and Sensors,

Earth Resources Satellite Systems, SPOT Satellite System, SPOT System Orbital Elements, SPOT

Satellite Sensors, Terra Aster Satellite System LANDSAT Satellite System, Orbital Elements,

LANDSAT Sensors, Multi-Spectral Scanner, Thematic Mapper, Use of high resolution imagery

(IKONOS, Quick Bird), Hyper Spectral Sensors, Atmospheric Remote Sensing, Recent Development

in Remote Sensing. Fields of application of remote sensing with respect to different spatial resolutions

Books Recommended:

1. Thomas D.Rabenhorst and Paul D.McDermott, Introduction to Remote Sensing Merrill

Publishing Co, (1989).

2. Lillesand / Kiefer, John Wiley & Sons, Remote Sensing and Image Interpretation (1987), 2nd

Edition.

3. Floyd F. Sabins, Remote Sensing, Principles and Interpretation, W.H.Freeman Electronic

Publishing Centre, (1996).

4. Paul J. Curran, Principles of Remote Sensing, Longman Inc, (1985).

5. Paul.J, Introductory Remote Sensing: Principles and Concepts, Gibson Routledge, (2000).

6. Patel & Surindra Singh, Principles of Remote Sensing, Scientific Publishers, (1992), 2nd

Edition.

7. Rees W.G, Physical Principles of Remote Sensing, Cambridge University Press, (2001), 2nd

Edition.

Decimal, Binary, Octal & Hexadecimal Number Systems, Converting Decimal Numbers to Other

Number Systems and Vice Versa, Binary Addition and Subtraction, Binary Multiplication and Division,

Negative Numbers, Use of Complements to Represent Negative Numbers, Codes (4 Bit codes, 5 Bit

codes, more than 5 Bit codes), Floating-Point Number Systems, Alphanumeric Codes, Fundamental

Concepts of Boolean Algebra, AND Gates and OR Gates, Complementation and Inverters,

Evaluation of Logical Expressions, Basic Laws of Boolean Algebra, De Morgan’s Theorem, Derivation

of a Boolean Expression, Interconnecting Gates, Sum of Products and Product of Sums, Derivation of

a Three-Input-Variable Expression, NAND Gates and NOR Gates, Map Method for Simplifying

Expressions, Product-of-Sums Expressions, Design Using NAND Gates, Design Using NOR Gates,

Code Converter Logic Design, Computer Logic Circuits and Blocks, Diode AND and OR Gates, Gate

Prorogation Delay Time, Power Dissipation, Noise Immunity, Loading Considerations, IC Logic

Families, Data sheet interpretation, Logic Gate Application, Transistor Inverter and Logic Circuits,

Integrated Logic Circuit Manufacturing, IC Logic Circuits-TTL, IC Logic Circuits-MOSFETS and

CMOS, Outer IC Logic Gates-ECL and IIL. Flip-Flops (Basic RS, Clocked RS, D, T, JK, Master Slave

FFs), Clocks, Registers, Binary Counter, BCD Counters, Integrated Circuits, Medium, Large, and

Very Large Scale Integration, Counter Design, State Diagrams and State Tables, Sequential Circuits,

Binary Half-Adder, Full Adder, Half Subtractor, Full Subtractor, Multiplexers, Demultiplexres, Coders,

Decoders, Code Conversion, Parity Generators/Checkers, Memory Concept, ROMs, PROMs,

EPROMs, Read.Write RAMs (DRAM), Memory Expansion, MBMs, MSSD, Special Memories, MCM,

Microcomputer Memory, Interfacing Logic Families, interfacing with Buses, Interfacing Digital and

Analog Systems, Modems and Interfaces, Schmitt Trigger as an Interfacing Circuit, Binary

Representation of Signed Numbers, Signed Binary Arithmetic, Implementation of Signed Binary

Arithmetic, Addition of Signed BCD Numbers Microprocessor.

Books Recommended:

1. J. D. Ryder, Electronic Circuits and Systems, 1976-83.

2. J. R. Nowicki and L. J. Adam, Digital Circuits, 1990.

3. Millmann and Tanb, Pulse Digital and switching Waveforms, 1965.

4. Thomas L. Floyd, Digital Fundamentals, 1994-97.

5. Louis Nashelsky, Introduction to Digital Technology, Printice Hall.

6. M. Moris Mano, Digital Logic and Computer Design, Printice Hall.

7. Hayes, Computer Architecture and Organization, McGraw-Hill.

NOTE: The students will have to perform at least four out of the following and similar experiments.

2. Spatial structure of satellite data

3. Raster and vector data analysis techniques

4. Visualization and analysis of stereo satellite data

5. Analysis of high-resolution satellite imagery

6. Analysis of Medium resolution satellite imagery

7. Comparison of different interpretation techniques used for high resolution and medium

resolution satellite data.

8. Use of Topographic data

NOTE: The candidates will have to perform four out of the following and similar experiments.

1. Construct (Using Discrete Components) OR, AND, NOT and EX-OR Gates.

2. Construct OR, AND, NOT, EX-OR Using NAND Logic.

3. Design & Construct Half Adder and Full Adder Using Discrete Components and ICs.

4. Design & Construct Half Sub tractor and Full Sub tractor Using Discrete Components and

ICs.

5. Construct and Test the Following Flip-Flops, RS, Clocked RS, D, T, JK, JK Master Slave &

RS Master Slave (Using NAND Logic).

6. Design and Construct Binary Ripple Count Up and Count Down Counters.

7. Design and Construct Synchronous Fixed Modulus Counters and Synchronous Variable

Modulus Counters.

8. Design and Construct Serial Input Shift Register, Parallel Input Shift Register, Shift Right/Shift

Left Register.

9. Design and Construct Different Code Converters (Gray to Binary & Binary to Gray).

Books Recommended:

1. J. D. Ryder, Electronic Circuits and Systems, 1976-83.

2. J. R. Nowicki and L. J. Adam, Digital Circuits, 1990.

3. Millmann and Tanb, Pulse Digital and switching Waveforms, 1965.

4. Thomas L. Floyd, Digital Fundamentals, 1994-97.

5. Louis Nashelsky, Introduction to Digital Technology, Printice Hall.

6. M. Moris Mano, Digital Logic and Computer Design, Printice Hall.

7. Hayes, Computer Architecture and Organization, McGraw-Hill.

SEMESTER – VII

Research Hypothesis or Questions, Sampling, Research Instruments, Research Types ( Detail

Description), Collection and Analysis of Data, Statistics in Science, Writing Research Proposals and

Reports, Evaluation Criteria.

Books Recommended:

1. Educational research: competencies for analysis and application. New York: Macmillan

Publishing Co.

2. L N Manian, Research methods in education, Cohen, S.(1994).

3. Anderson, Fundamentals of educational research, (1990).

4. Action research, special needs and school development, Bell, G.

5. Best, J.W. and James, Research in education, V.K.(1996).

6. Fraenkel, J.P.and Norman, How to design and evaluate research in education, E.W. (1993).

7. Keeves, Educational research, methodology, and measurement: An international handbook,

J.P.(Eds.),1988.

8. Wiersma W, Research methods in education. An introduction, (1995).

9. Scott D. and usher, Understanding educational research, R. (Eds.). 1996.

Concepts of Plasma and Temperature, Debye Shielding, The Plasma Parameter, Electrical Neutrality

in a Plasma, Motion in Electric and Magnetic Fields, Motion of Charged Particles in Gravitational

Field, Magnetic Mirrors, Motion in Time Varying Electric & Magnetic Fields, Adiabatic Invariants, First

and Second Adiabatic Invariants, Plasma as a Fluid, Plasma and Ordinary Electromagnetic, Classical

Treatment of Magnetic Materials and Dielectrics, The Fluid Equation of Motion, Complete Set of Fluid

Equations, Plasma Approximation, Representation of Waves, Group Velocity, Plasma Oscillations,

Electron Plasma Waves, Sound Waves, Ion Acoustic Waves, Ion and Electron Waves, Electrostatic

Electron Oscillations and Ion Acoustic Waves Perpendicular to Magnetic Field B, The Lower Hybrid

Frequency, Electromagnetic Waves Perpendicular and Parallel to B0, Cutoffs and Resonance’s,

Hydromagnetic Waves, Magneto Sonic Waves, Alfven Waves.

Books Recommended:

1. Fawwaz.J.Ulaby, Fundamentals of Applied Electromagnetic, Prentice Hall, (1997).

2. John. Reitz, Fredeick J.Milford, Foundations of Electromagnetic Theory, Narosa Publishing

House, New Delhi, (1990), 6th Reprint.

Image Enhancement Techniques, Contrast Enhancement, Histogram Stretch, Special Stretching,

Digital Image Filtering, Concepts of Convolution and Kernel Operation, Scaling Factor, Image

Ratioing, Digital Image Classification, Supervised and Un-Supervised Classification, Terrain Analysis,

Soils, Origin, Drainage Patterns, Soil Erosion, Drainage Classes, SRS Applications, Land-Use in

Remote Sensing, Advantages of Satellite Remote Sensing in Land-Use and Land Cover

Categorization, Geological Phenomenon, Wetland Mapping, Coastal Mapping, Forestry, Defence

Application, DEM/DTM, Ground Truth: Physical Field Surveys and Ground Truthing, Landuse and

Landcover Maps, Landuse & Landcover Change Detection Maps, Sea Surface Temperature Maps,

Coastal Landform.

Books Recommended:

1. Thomas D.Rabenhorst and Paul D.McDermott, Introduction to Remote Sensing, Merrill

Publishing Co, (1989).

2. Lillesand / Kiefer, Remote Sensing and Image Interpretation, John Wiley & Sons, (1987), 2nd

Edition.

3. Floyd F. Sabins, Remote Sensing, Principles and Interpretation, W.H.Freeman Electronic

Publishing Centre, (1996).

4. Paul J. Curran, Principles of Remote Sensing, Longman Inc, (1985).

5. Gibson Paul.J, Introductory Remote Sensing: Principles and Concepts, Routledge, (2000)

6. Surindra Singh, Principles of Remote Sensing by Patel, Scientific Publishers, (1992), 2nd

Edition.

7. Rees W.G, Physical Principles of Remote Sensing, Cambridge University Press, (2001), 2nd

Edition.

NOTE: The candidates will have to perform at least eight out of the following and similar experiments.

2. APR removal techniques

3. Rectification

4. Image Enhancement

5. Grey level transformation

6. Spatial enhancement

7. Fourier series

8. Classification

9. Band ratios

10. Map design in various software

Books Recommended:

1. Thomas D.Rabenhorst and Paul D.McDermott, Introduction to Remote Sensing, Merrill Publishing

Co, (1989).

2. Lillesand / Kiefer, Remote Sensing and Image Interpretation, John Wiley & Sons, (1987), 2nd

Edition.

3. Floyd F. Sabins, Remote Sensing, Principles and Interpretation, W.H.Freeman Electronic

Publishing Centre, (1996).

4. Paul J. Curran, Principles of Remote Sensing, Longman Inc, (1985).

5. Gibson Paul.J, Introductory Remote Sensing: Principles and Concepts, Routledge, (2000)

6. Surindra Singh, Principles of Remote Sensing by Patel, Scientific Publishers, (1992), 2nd Edition.

7. Rees W.G, Physical Principles of Remote Sensing, Cambridge University Press, (2001), 2nd

Edition.

Characteristics of terrestrial Radiations and its absorption and Transmission, Simpson’s Computation

of Terrestrial Radiation transfer, Heat balance, Cloud Physics, Aviation Meteorology. Weather Charts

– Development and Analysis, T-Phi-Gram, Weather forecasting.

Books Recommended:

1. Petterson S, (2003), “Weather Analysis and Forecasting”, Wiley, USA.

2. London. H M S O, (2001), “Handbook of Weather Forecasting”, McGraw-

Hill.

3. Riehl K, (2000), “Tropical Meteorology”, Wiley, USA.

SEMESTER - VIII

Fundamental Concepts of Cosmology, The Cosmological Principle, Homogeneity and Isotropy of the

Universe, Olbers Paradox, Gravitation and Expansion of the Universe, Future of the Universe,

Hubble’s Law and Distances to Galaxies, Horizon of the Universe, The Big Bang Theory, Cosmic

Microwave Background and The Early Universe.

Books Recommended:

1. Martin Harwit, Astrophysical Concepts, Springer-Verlag, John Wiley & Sons, N.Y, (1998), 3rd

Edition.

2. W. J. Kaufmann, Universe , H.Freeman and Company, New York. (1985).

3. M. Zeilik and J. Gaustad, Astronomy-The Cosmic Perspective, John Wiley & Sons. (1990).

4. M. Zeilik and S. A. Gregory, Introductory Astronomy & Astrophysics, Saunders College

Publishing, (1998), 4th Edition.

5. G. Contopoulos and D. Kotsakis, Cosmology – The Structure and Evolution of the Universe,

Springer-Verlag, (1987), 2nd Edition.

6. W. J. Kaufmann, Discovering the Universe, W.H.Freeman and Company, New York (1997),

4th Edition.

7. J. M. Pasachoff, Contemporary Astronomy, Saunders College Publishing (1989), 4th Edition

The General Principles of Relativity and Equivalence. Space and Time in the General Relativity. The

Metric Tensor. Geodesic Lines. General Accelerated System of Reference. Determination of gik, Four

Dimensional Formulation. Contra-variant and Covariant Components of Four Vectors. Geodesics.

Christopher Symbols. Parallel Displacement of Vectors. Covariant Differentiation. Curvature Tensor.

Mechanics of Free Particles, Momentum and Mass of a Particle, Gravitational Force, Total Energy of

a Particle in a Stationary Gravitational Field. Time-Orthogonal System of Coordinates. Mechanics of

Continuous System. The Electromagnetic Field Equation. Electromagnetic Force and Energy-

Momentum Tensor. Numerical Solution of Equations, Numerical Solution of Differential Equations,

Numerical Integration, Simple Use of MATHEMATICA.

Satellite Communication Systems (Satellite Orbits, Kepler’s Laws, Orbital Elements, Satellite Sub-

systems, Satellite Link Design), Optical Fibre Communications (Fiber Types, Light Sources /

Detectors, Losses in Optical Systems, Link Budget), Cellular Systems (Truncking, Cell Size /

Geometry, Frequency Reuse, Handoff, Design Principles), Multiplexing Techniques (TDM, FDM,

WDM), Multiple Access Techniques (TDMA, FDMA, CDMA), Spectrum Management (Radio

Spectrum, Radio Interference, Radio Services, Frequency Allocation, Allocation Tables, Spectrum

Allocation Process), Telecommunication Standards & Regulations ITU-T, IEEE etc), Special Topics in

Telecommunications (New Trends, Modifications, Emerging Technologies, etc).

Books Recommended:

1. Electronic Communication Systems, William Schweber, Fourth Edition

2. Electronic Communications Systems, Tomasi, Wayne

3. Communication Electronics, Louis E. Frenzel, Second Edition

4. Satellite Communications, Timothy Pratt, Jeremy Allnutt, John Wiley & Sons, 2003.

5. Text Book on Optical Fiber Communications and its Applications, S.C. Gupta, Prentice Hall,

2004

6. Data and Computer Communications, William Stallings, Seventh Edition

7. Wireless Communications and Networking, William Stallings, 2003

8. Advanced Engineering Mathematics, Bajpal A.C.

NOTE: The candidates will have to perform four out of the following and similar experiments.

1. Design and construct AM modulation and envelope detector circuits using discrete

components.

2. Design and construct Frequency mixing circuits using discrete components.

3. Study and analysis of different analogue and digital modulation techniques.

4. Generation and analysis of Pulse Code Modulation (PCM).

5. Study and analysis of microwave links.

6. Optical fibre link designing/construction, splicing and link calculations

Books Recommended:

1. Electronic Communication Systems, William Schweber, Fourth Edition

2. Electronic Communications Systems, Tomasi, Wayne

3. Communication Electronics, Louis E. Frenzel, Second Edition

4. Satellite Communications, Timothy Pratt, Charles Bostian, Jeremy Allnutt, John Wiley &

Sons, 2003.

5. Text Book on Optical Fiber Communications and its Applications, S.C. Gupta, Prentice Hall,

2004

6. Data and Computer Communications, William Stallings, Seventh Edition

7. Wireless Communications and Networking, William Stallings, 2003

8. Advanced Engineering Mathematics, Bajpal A.C.

Introduction to Geographic Information System (GIS), Elements of GIS, Early Developments in GIS,

Evolution of GIS, From the Real World to GIS, Real World Model, Data Model, Characteristics of

Geographic Data in GIS, Representation of Data, Sources of Data, Spatial and Non Spatial Data,

Typical GIS Data, Data Collections and Quality, Mapping with GIS, Map Concepts, Map Elements,

Spatial Relationship, Coordinate System, Projection Systems. Raster Based GIS, Vector Based GIS,

Automatic Conversion between Vector and Raster Models, Vector Versus Raster Models, Hardware

Components of a GIS, Computers, Networks, Displays, Quantizers, Plotters and other Output

Devices, Software Components of a GIS, Introduction to Cartography Techniques, GIS Database

Development, Data Management Software, Data Display Software, Digital Surface Modelling in GIS,

Applications of GIS for Land Resource Management, Regional Planning and Land Use Change

Analysis, Errors in GIS, Advanced Concepts of GIS.

Books Recommended:

1. Ray Harris, Routledge & Kegan Paul, Satellite Remote Sensing (1987).

2. Thomas D.Rabenherst and Paul, D.McDermott, Applied Cartography, Introduction to Remote

Sensing Merrill Publishing Co, (1989).

3. S.A.Drury, A Guide to Remote Sensing, Oxford University Press, (1990).

4. A.Mehrotra and R.K.Suri, Remote Sensing for Environment and Forest Management, Indus

Publishing Co.N.Delhi, (1994).

5. G.M.Foody, K.Yakondratyer and Others, Remote Sensing of Soil and Vegetation in the USSR

P.J.Curran Taylor and Francis, (1990).

6. J.R. Jensen, Prentice Hall, Introductory Digital Image Processing – A Remote Sensing

Perspective (1996).

7. Lillesand / Kiefer, Remote Sensing and Image Interpretation, John Wiley & Sons, N.Y, (2000).

NOTE: The candidates will have to perform at least six out of the following and similar experiments.

2. To study data visualization techniques using GIS Software

3. To study different projection, datum and coordinate systems

4. To study network analysis

5. To learn in detail working mechanisms of GPS

6. To study surface analyses using three-dimensional data from GPS

7. To study map components and layout design

8. To perform database querying in GIS environment

9. To study enterprise GIS

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