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Kidzwonder

Kangaroos

Scarecrows

Pelele

Apples

Teeth

Dentist

Leaf Unit
September Issue
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Kidzwonder is sponsored by:
The Highlights of Homeschooling
at www.hshighlights.com

See our ladies magazine at


www.whateverlovely.com

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Things you will find in this issue:

Kangaroos

Scarecrows

Pelele

Apples

Teeth

Dentists

Leaf Unit Study

You can print out


the activity pages.
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Kangaroos
There are many types of Kangaroos. They are
the biggest animal on earth that hops. They live
on the continent of Australia.

Kangaroos have very large back feet and short


arms. Kangaroos have two eyes and two big
ears. Kangaroos have long, strong tails.

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Kangaroos eat plants such as grass, leaves,
and fruit. Kangaroos drink water as well.

A baby kangaroo is called a Joey. A Joey


stays in the pouch on their mother until they
are 16 months old. Joeys jump in and out of
the pouch.

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Color a Kangaroo

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Help the Kangaroo find the
way through the maze

To read a kangaroo story go to this link


http://www.turtletrack.org/Issues02/Co04202002/CO_04202002_Kangaroos.htm

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Which pictures have something to do
with Kangaroos?

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Color the picture of a plate of food
the Kangaroo would eat.

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Cut out and Build a Kangaroo

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A kangaroo
at the zoo,
has a view
of me and you.
He sees our hair,
he sees our shoes;
he watches as
we chew our stew.
by Sally Clark

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Mockingbird in the Strawberry Patch
By Anne Kerr


The mockingbird saw the ripe

strawberries.

He flew down.

He saw a mesh cover over the strawberry

patch.

He couldn’t reach the berries.

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He walked around the patch

and saw a part of the mesh covering that wasn’t

on the ground. He crawled under the mesh and

feasted on ripe delicious strawberries.

When he finished, he tried to fly away,

but got caught in the mesh.

He was trapped there.

Bob the gardener saw the

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Mockingbird try to fly away, and

then try to fly away again. He got more and

more tangled in the mesh.

Bob walked over to the strawberry patch and

lifted the mesh covering.

The mockingbird quickly flew away.

He never came to that strawberry patch again

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To color this mockingbird picture go to:
http://www.kidsdomain.com/brain/animals/color/mockbird.pdf

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Come and See
By Teresa Lilly

One day mother was walking through the house


with a big basket.
“What are you doing with that basket?” Billy
asked.
“Collecting things.” Mother said.
“What kind of things?”
“Come and see.” Mother said.
Billy looked in the basket, there was an old pair of
Daddy’s blue jeans. There was sister’s faded flannel
shirt. There was a pair of old boots. There was a
straw hat, a pair of old garden gloves and some
rope.
“What are you going to do with all those things?”
Billy asked.
“Come and see.” Mother said.

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Mother took the basket out into the garden.
She set it down next to a pile of hay.
“ Billy, you and I will stuff all these
clothes with this hay.” Mother said.
So Billy and mother stuffed hay into the pants,
the shirt, the gloves, the boots and the hat.
Mother tied all the pieces together.
It started to look like a person.
Mother sat it on the porch then put a pumpkin
on top it to look like a head.
“Now you put it’s hat on.” Mother told Billy.
Billy put the hat on and stood back to look at
the strange creation.
“What is it mother?” Billy asked.
“It’s our very own scarecrow.” Mother said.
Just then a black bird flew down and landed
on the scarecrows hat.
Mother laughed. “Well it must not be very
scarey after all.”

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Number these things as they were introduced
in the story.

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Pelele Tossing
Have you ever wanted to take a scarecrow and just
toss him up in the air? The people in Spain do. It is
called tossing a Pelele.

In the early 1800s, tax collectors were not liked in


Spain. The taxes were so high that some people in
Spain were not able to pay for food and clothing.

To show how angry they were about the taxes,


townspeople would grab the tax men, take a
blanket and put the tax man on the blanket. Then
they would toss him up and down in the air.

It is crazy how something like this has turned into


a sport. Now, instead of using real people, the players
toss a Pelele or straw man up and down on the
blankets.

They make the Pelele out of old clothes and make


the head from cloth sacks. They sew all the clothes
together and stuff it. Then they are ready to take
their blankets and toss the Pelele into the air.

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Autumn

Pumpkins in a field wait
for us to choose them
this golden autumn day.

Fields of corn dried to tan


rustle in the breeze
under a clear blue sky

Yellow mums in the yard


scarlet leaves on trees
color the countryside.
by Anne Kerr

Autumn is nearing,
branches blowing, leaves falling,
rake them up, jump in!
By: Chase Barrington

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How to write a
Haiku
A haiku is a Japanese poem with no rhyme. Haiku
poems have only three lines, each with a certain number
of syllables. Here is the pattern:
Line 1 = 5 syllables
Line 2 = 7 syllables
Line 3 = 5 syllables

Orange, scarlet leaves


rustling in the wind
Autumn is now here!
by Teresa Lilly

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Old Times

My Great, Great Grandmother Maggie was born November 14, 1905.
This is Part of a letter she wrote to her Great Grandchildren about her
young life:

This all goes back to when I first started to think what a nice home
and great parents I had, plus two brothers. We were very busy people, we
had a good farm with, horses, cows, calves, pigs, chicken and rabbits.
These animals were all raised to sell and pay the bills.
Dad had a cider mill and saw mill which was operated with his two
brothers. The mills were open for the public for making cider, jelly and
cutting lumber to build.
Our farm was 150 acres,
with woods, pastures and
farming land. Dad built our
house. It had a parlor sitting
room, living room, a huge
big kitchen for eating and
cooking, a pantry, four
bedrooms, and one big room
on the second floor for
storing the overflow buckwheat. The 3rd floor was for winter clothing and
drying fruits.
I was always along with my mother to do little things. Gathering
something from the garden, shelling beans and peas, washing dishes,
setting the table, and running errands. At the age of 7 ½ my parents had a
baby girl, I was taught how to change diapers and bath a baby, and I took
some care of her when my mom was busy.

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When I was 8 years old, I got a beautiful china doll with real hair, a
leather body and a china tea set. This was when I got started using a
needle. Mom would cut out some simple things for the doll. Embroidery
work and batting, crouching was all the go then. My grandpa, the mason,
made me a cloth cupboard.
Mom did a lot of canning. Since I was the oldest girl I had to learn
everything my mom was doing. We didn’t work all the time, we
went to church on Sunday in the
afternoon, we had friends over or
we went to picnics and visited
families and friends. We even had
dances at their homes. That was
when my father taught me to dance,
My family were great fisherman
and mom was too. She would take
to horse and buggy some food,
water and an umbrella for me and
go fishing. The lake was a mile
away. Dad had made a flat bottom
boat so it was strong and stable, and mom would tie me in so I could not
fall out.
As I got bigger mom and I would go to the fields to help with the
haying, shucking corn, wheat, and buckwheat. We would go raspberry
and blackberry picking to can and make jam and jelly. At Thanksgiving
time, came the first pig to butcher. That was a very special time, we had
sausage, head cheese and blood pudding.
We made a French cheese from churned milk left to sour, then
cooked
to a cottage cheese stage put in bag to drain very dry then ground fine,
pressed in crock salted then covered with cloth and a heavy plate. It was
then kept in warm place in 3 to 4 days it starts to ferment and had to be
stirred every day until it was ready.

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Making apple butter outside in a copper bottle was a full day’s work.
It took about two to three hours to make the apples into apple sauce then
put into bottles, then we added sugar, cider, jelly and spice, and then
cooked it. Someone had to stir it at all times, we all helped. The paddle
had a long handle so we would not be to close to the fire. We kept stirring
until it was ready to cool. It could be made as thick or thin as you wanted
by adding water and could be stored in crocks.
Now my sewing had started
developing and I was starting to
cut out little things for my doll.
Mom made her own patterns
and I did too. They were all
made by hand. I also made a
few things for myself when I
was 12 years old, with a little
help from mom. At 15 I was
making most of my own clothes.
At age 16, I went to town to
work for a woman. From that
time on I was on my own, all
grown up, able to take care of
myself. I only went home to help
mom until I got married.
Most of my schooling came
from my mother and father and
from doing the things I had to
do. They were very good about
our reading, writing and
arithmetic plus other studies.

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Tic Tac Toe: Cut out the apples and


play tic tac toe with a friend.

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Create an apple Postal Stamp

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Apple Fresh Beautiful
Here are some great things to do with apples, that will leave you
feeling refreshed, relaxed, and appled clean!

Apple Skin Toner:


Combine 2/3 cup of witch hazel, 1/3 cup of apple cider vinegar. (You can
also add several drops of an essential oil of your choice if you would
like.)

Mix, and put into clean bottle. Shake bottle well before using, and then
saturate a cotton ball with your toner, and swab over your face.

Witch Hazel is a gentle astringent, and apple cider vinegar will help
restore your skin’s natural ph balance. Essential oils, such as lavender,
soothe sensitive skin.
Acne Treatment:
Mix 1 grated apple with 4 teaspoon’s of honey. Apply the resulting paste
onto your face for 10 minutes. After removing the mask, rinse your face
with warm water. Repeat this procedure 2 or 3 times a week.

Instead of reaching for that bag of


chips, and can of soda, try eating
apple slices and some apple juice!

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Applin’ Craft!

Fact: If you hold a sneeze in you can pop a blood vessel in your head or neck and die.
Apple Craft Project:
You Need: 1 apple, toothpicks, Dots, gummy worms, mini marshmal-
lows,
raisins, or any other candy that can be easily pierced with a toothpick.

To Make: Break your toothpicks in half, and then stick them into the
candies. Stick them to your apple, and create the perfect apple person!

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Apple Delight!
Apple Sauce:
You need:
1 quart of apples (peeled and sliced)
1 cup of water
1/2 cup sugar
1 tsp. of lemon juice

To Make:
Put all the ingredients in a sauce pan and cook until tender, which will be
about 20 minutes. Mash the mixture using a potato masher of an electric
mixer until it is smooth. Put the applesauce in an airtight container and
place in the refrigerator to cool. Once cool, top with a little cinnamon if
you like, and enjoy a bowl of fresh applesauce!

Apple Popsicle:
You Need:
1 can of frozen apple juice concentrate
5 ounces of red hot candies

To Make:
Mix frozen apple juice concentrate according to the directions. Take 1
quart of the apple juice. Dissolve red hot candies in a small amount of
water and mix in the apple juice to your desired amount. Pour into
popsicle holders and freeze. Makes 16 popsicle.

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Fresh apple cookies:
For the Cookie Dough:
16 tablespoons of margarine, 2-2/3 cups of brown sugar, 2 eggs, 2
teaspoons of baking soda, 1 teaspoon of salt, 2 teaspoons of ground
cloves, 2 teaspoons of cinnamon, 1 teaspoon of nutmeg, 1/2 cup of apple
juice, 4 cups of flour, 2 cups of chopped apples, 2 cups of raisins, and 2
cups of chopped nuts

For the Glaze:


3 cups of powdered sugar, 5 tablespoons of apple juice, 1/4 teaspoon of
salt, 1/2 tablespoon of vanilla, and 2 tablespoons of margarine.

To Make Cookies:
Cream together margarine, brown sugar and eggs. Add baking soda,
spices and apple juice and mix well. gradually add flour, mixing well after
each addition. Fold in apples raisins and nuts. Drop by heaping teaspoons
onto lightly greased cookie sheet. Bake at 375 degrees for 10-12 minutes.

To Make Glaze: Combine all ingredients and beat until smooth. With a
knife spread warm cookies with glaze. Makes 5 dozen all together.

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My Book
about
Apples

Write an apple haiku

This is an
apple.

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Apples come Apple Haiku

in many colors
Apples grow on trees
there are red, yellow and
green
I love them all

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Apple starts Color this
with the letter apple.

Draw seeds

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Seeds are Label the
inside the apple parts

Apples grow
on trees

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Cut these out and paste one on each
day of the calendar as the day passes.

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Famous Artist
Pablo Picasso (October 25, 1881 - April 8, 1973) was a
Spanish artist who changed the world of painting,
drawing, sculpture, and ceramics (pottery).
Picasso was born in Malaga, in southern Spain. His father
was an artist and art teacher. Even as a small child,Picasso
was producing complex artwork.
Pablo Picasso was trained as an artist in Spain, but moved
to Paris in 1900, when he was 19 years old. In his early
career, Picasso worked and lived in Paris, Barcelona, and
Madrid. His early paintings were melancholy and featured
the color blue, so this period is referred to as his
“blue period.” Picasso’s “blue period,” (1901 to 1904),
was followed by his “rose period,” (1904-1906), during
which Picasso used warmer colors in his paintings.
Later, he helped develop cubism, a newly-invented style
in which objects were represented by cubes, cones, and
cylinders.

Picasso self portrait

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Still life picture with Pitcher and Apple
Try to paint the picture
below to look like
Picasso’s painting.
Or try to draw and paint
your own apple still life.
Send us your pictures.

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Teeth
When you are first born you don’t seem to have any teeth. The truth is
they are really there but are just hidden under the gums. When a baby is
about 6-12 months old, they will start to break through the gum and appear.

After that first tooth breaks through, more and more teeth begin to appear.
Most kids have their first set of teeth by the time they are 3 years old. These
are called the primary or baby teeth, and there are 20 in all. When a child gets
to age 5 or 6, these teeth start falling out, one by one.

A primary tooth falls out because it is being pushed out of the way by the per-
manent tooth that is behind it. Slowly, the permanent teeth grow in and take
the place of the primary teeth. By about age 12 or 13, most kids have lost all
of their baby teeth and have a full set of permanent teeth.

There are 28 permanent teeth in all — eight more than the original set of baby
teeth. Between the ages of 17 and 21, four more teeth called wisdom teeth
usually grow in at the back of the mouth. They complete the adult set of 32
teeth.

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The part of the tooth you can see, which is not covered by the gum is called the
crown. The crown of each tooth is covered with enamel which is very hard and
often shiny. Enamel is a very tough substance and it acts as a tooth’s personal
bodyguard. Enamel works like a wall, protecting the inside parts of the tooth

Under the enamal is the dentin. Dentin makes up the largest part of the tooth.
Although it is not as tough as enamel, it is also very hard.

Dentin protects the innermost part of the tooth, called the pulp. The pulp is
where each tooth’s nerve endings and blood supply are found. When you eat
hot soup, bite into a super-cold scoop of ice cream, fall and hurt a tooth, or get
a cavity, it’s your pulp that hurts. The nerve endings inside the pulp send
messages to the brain about what’s going on. The pulp also contains the tooth’s
blood vessels, which feed the tooth and keep it alive and healthy.

The pulp goes all the way down into the root of the tooth, which is under the
gum. Cementum makes up the root of the tooth, which is anchored to the jaw-
bone.

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Types of Teeth
Your two front teeth and the teeth on either side of them are incisors. There
are four on the top and four on bottom.

Incisors are shaped like tiny chisels, with flat ends that are somewhat sharp.
These teeth are used for cutting and chopping food.

The pointy teeth beside your incisors are called canine teeth. There are four of
them, two on top and two on bottom. Because these teeth are pointy and also
sharp, they help tear food.

Next to your canine teeth are your


premolars which are also called bicuspid
teeth. You have eight premolars in all,
four on top and four on the bottom. these
are perfect for crushing and grinding food.

Way in the back are your molars. You have eight of these, four on the top and
four on the bottom. Sometimes these are called your 6-year molars and your
12-year molars because that is around the time when they come in.The tongue
sweeps chewed-up food to the back of your mouth, where the molars grind it
until it’s mashed up and ready to be swallowed.

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F T I M

Can you think of words that start with these letters, that
have to do with teeth?

C D G R

F ____________ T___________

I _____________ M___________

C ____________ D ___________

G ____________ R ____________

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Community Worker Dentist
This is Deanna
Matocha. She is a
dentist in Texas.
To become one
she had to go to
college for four
years then dental
school for four
more. It isn’t easy
to get into dental
school. You have
to pass a test.
As a dentist, Deanna cleans teeth, fills cavities, puts on crowns
and even pulls teeth. She has been doing this for 10 years and
plans to continue. She owns her own dental office, which she
told us is very costly. So you really need to know that you want
to be a dentist before you choose to persue this career.

Deanna chose to be a dentist


because she enjoyed the medi-
cal field but wanted to really
get to know her patients and
felt as a dentist she would.

Joke:
How does a dentist examine
a Crocodile’s teeth?

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I am a Dental Receptionist, and an
Insurance Cooardinator. I do many tasks,
I greet all patients as they come into our
office, and I also make appointments,
answer phones, and most important
coordinate all insurance for the Dr.’s
patients. Once in a while I even assist the
Dentist with his patients. I chose this
career because it caught my interest.
When I toured the college. What also
helped me decide was that i knew that it
was something I could make a living in.
I knew it was not a dead end job. I went
to college for 1 year to become a certified
medical and dental assistant. I have been
in the dental field for over 10 years. I plan
to make this my life long job.

You can become a dentist when you


grow up or a Dental Receptionist.
Either way, you better have nice
teeth yourself. So brush and
floss everyday and see your
dentist twice a year.

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Which things which are good for your teeth?

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Color and Cut out

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Help get the toothpaste to the toothbrush!

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Use the Morse Code to solve the puzzle

__... .___. ..___ ... ....


______________________

___.___ ___ ___ ___ ___ ..___ .___.___


_____________________________________

_ . . _ ....
_______________________________
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Postcards By: Miranda B.

Hi, I am Miranda! I’m 13 years old. My mom, Samantha, is helping
me write this article on Post carding across the world. We started a
Scrapbook when I was around 9 years old. My mom created a web site
with her Yahoo group just for me and other homeschoolers and we be-
gan to correspond with kids all over the world, one postcard at a time. We
work on this notebook each year and each year it gets bigger. When I got
older I started a Geography notebook to go along with the first Postcarding
notebook.
My mom created a web site on facts of Texas so we can send the web
address along with our card so the kids can learn more about our State.
Sometimes I send out a funny postcard of a cowboy riding a jackrabbit.
The boys seem to like this card the most! I have postcards to exchange
of scenic pictures of Texas, historical postcards like our Alamo, Cowboy
themes, and mom has recipe cards to exchange with other moms.
Mom has links on her postcard group of online map games and things
to print out to place in my notebook. It’s like Christmas when we get a
free package from the states tourism office! It’s filled with all kinds of
stuff from that State, including what is going on that year. Someday I hope
to visit some of these places. That is one of the things that is fun about this
hobby; it encourages me to want to travel to new places and it inspires my
imagination about our country and international destinations.
When I think of traveling to international places, I am reminded of
what I like most about Postcarding, which is getting post cards from
international countries that I have never even heard of before. I also like
looking at my globe to find out where the postcards came from, and to
learn about the people who sent them.

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We have been doing this for years now. Some people come to the
group and think they have to rush to collect them all within the school
year. We tell them to take their time and that new people join every week.
You never know who will join next and what new card you can get. I have
yet to get the same card twice.
I just started my International collection. So far I have Iraq, Scotland,
Mexico, Philippines, Russia, England, Canada, Australia, Switzerland,
Liechtenstein, Holland, Germany, Hong Kong, New Zealand, United Arab
Emirates, and Thailand. I was amazed to find out that homeschoolers lived
in these places.
Did you know that Napoleon was exiled to a little Island called Saint
Helena? I didn’t know this until we got a postcard from a home school
family that lived there. It also took two months before a postcard from
Russia reached us; it was from a home school family that were
missionaries there. I have a beautiful picture of Hawaii’s gorgeous surf,
and a red sail boat that looks like a kite in Hong Kong. I even got a
postcard from Iraq from a postcard kid’s
father stationed there last year.
Each year there is always something
new to do. This spring we are collecting
dried, pressed State flowers for each State.
My little brother Tommy will be next to
collect these in a few years. I will help
him from what I have learned.

To learn more about it, go to


http://groups.yahoo.com/group/postcardkids/

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If you want to start collecting post cards, you can
call yourself a deltiologist - that’s a postcard
collector. They say it’s the third largest
collectible hobby in the world.

Here are some tips to get going.


Decide what kind of collection you want.

Pick a theme and let your friends and family


know about it. Ask them to send you postcards
or bring them back from trips

Join a collector’s club, look at antique stores.


You can go to MarylMartin.com they call them-
selves the largest postcard store in the world.

You can display your cards in many ways. One


example is to hang up a map and place the cards
near where they came from.

Or you can buy post card books


to hold them all in.

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Gabrielle Yoder (free product) 7
Go on the internet and see postcards from
your state.

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Create your own postcard for your state, your city or your favorite animal
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Word Search

D T E E T H P D Y H
R E L T E E E E S P
A S P D L N O U A M
C D O E T J R P F A
T C L I M B P X V T
S E S T H L I H E S
O T H T E D R X R J
P E O X M V A U S R
J O O O R A G N A K
T S C A R E C R O W

APPLE CODE DENTIST


JOEY KANGAROO PELELE
POSTCARD SCARECROW
STAMP TEETH TOOTHBRUSH

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Write a short story of your own using as many of the
things you read about in this magazine. Use the next two
pages for your story. You may have to print out more than
two if your story is longer. Draw pictures to go with the
story.
Here is an example:

One day I looked out my window. I could see our


scarecrow in the apple orchard. Next to it was the most
amazing thing I had ever seen. A Kangaroo was standing
in the field. She had a baby Joey in her pouch. The Joey
was eating an apple. I quickly ran outside to get a closer
look. I was surprised that the kangaroo did not hop away
when I approached her. She did look a bit frightened, but I
soothed her with assurances that I would not hurt her. For a
minute I just stared at her, then I said out loud, “ I wonder
what you are doing here?”
The kangaroo turned and looked at me, and said, “ I’ve
heard that apples are good for your teeth, so I just came
here to get one for my joey. Now he will never have to go
to a dentist.”

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________________________________________________________________________________________

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_____________________________
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_______________________________________________________________________________________

_____________________________
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_____________________________
____________________________________________
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________________________________________________________________________________________

_____________________________
____________________________________________
_______________________________________________________________________________________

_____________________________
____________________________________________
_______________________________________________________________________________________

_____________________________
____________________________________________
_______________________________________________________________________________________

_____________________________
____________________________________________
_______________________________________________________________________________________

_____________________________
____________________________________________

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Here is your Free Unit Study from www.hshighlights.com

Leaves
A Subject
Highlights Unit
Presented By
The Highlights of Homeschooling
www.hshighlights.com

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Lesson 1
What are Leaves?
Trees and Plants have leaves. Trees

and plants can be found all over the
world,

so you will find leaves all over
the world.

Different types of trees and plants


grow in different parts of the world, so


the leaves will also be different.
Leaves, like trees come in all
different sizes, different colors and
different shapes.
Leaves make food for trees and they
give us shade.

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Word Study
Look up these words in the dictionary or
encyclopedia and write the definition on the
lines below

Leaf : ____________________________
tree :____________________________________

plant: ____________________________________

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Hand Writing
In your best handwriting write the words.

Leaf Tree Plant
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Label
leaf tree plant

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Coloring

Color
these
leaves
all sorts
of colors

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Craft
Poster:
what you need:
poster board
markers
pictures of
leaves, tree and plants

To do:
Divide your poster into three sections
Label your poster “Leaves Tree and Plants”
Glue the pictures on in different sections
labeled “leaves, tree and plants”


leaves plants trees

Gabrielle Yoder (free product) 7


Creative Writing
Write Leaf Poetry
Acrostic Poetry
Create acrostic poems using the letters in LEAF.

Living each season


Enduring them all
A leaf’s life is
Full

Fall Poem
Have students brainstorm a list of words that describe leaves. Have them
use their five senses. Then, have students fill in the following sentences:

I see.......
I hear....
I smell.......
I feel (touch)....
I feel (emotion)....

Students rewrite the poem, but they leave out the I see, I hear, etc. They
have written a poem!

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Lesson 2
Leaf Parts

The Apex is the tip of the leaf.

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Veins are used to
transport food and
water throughout the
leaf as well as for
structural support

The margin is the


term used to
describe the edge of
the leaf.

The Petiole is the


thin stalk that con-
nects the leaf blade
to the stem.

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Stipules are tiny
leaf-like structures
that may or may
not be present at the
base of the petiole.

Base is the name


given to the part
of the blade that is
closest to the stem.

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Lesson 1 word Study
unscramble

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Label

Label Leaf Parts:


Color these leaves and label the parts.

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Craft
Leaf Parts Project:
Take a nice big leaf and flatten it
down
on a board. Make labels for the different

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Color
Draw the. Leaf parts in the boxes

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Creative Writing
Point of View:
Imagine that you are a Scientist and you
have just discovered the very first leaf. You
decide to name all it’s parts. Write from your
point of view as to why you named each part
as you did.
___________________________________
________________________
___________________________________
___________________________________
________________________
____________________________________
__________________________________
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___________________________________
___________________________________
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Gabrielle Yoder (free product) 7


Lesson 3
Leaf Shapes: Here are some of the
various shape that leaves of plants can assume

spatulate leaf - spatula-shaped; having a broad rounded


apex and narrow base simple leaf - not divided into parts

reniform leaf - kidney-shaped simple leaf - not divided


into parts

cordate leaf - a heart-shaped leaf simple leaf - not di-


vided into parts

ovate leaf - egg-shaped with the broader end at the base sim-
ple leaf - not divided into parts

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linear leaf - a long slender leaf elongate leaf simple leaf -
not divided into parts

oblong leaf - rounded at each end with parallel sides


simple leaf - not divided into parts

lanceolate leaf - shaped like a lance head; tapering to a


point at each end simple leaf - not divided into parts

elliptic leaf - shaped like an ellipse simple leaf -


not divided into parts

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orbicular- rounded leaf-simple leaf-not divided into
parts

obovate leaf - egg-shaped with the narrower end at the


base simple leaf - not divided into parts

Leaf shapes: main part of the leaf, usually large and flat.
Asymmetrical: completely unsymmetrical.
Acuminate: leaf that tapers into a long point.
Mucronate: leaf with an extended central vein.
Emarginate: notched at the end.
Ovoid: egg-shaped.
Obovate: resembling an upside-down egg.
Cordiform: heart-shaped.
Oblong: elongated shape.
Spatulate: shaped like a spatula.
Oval: elliptical.
Lanceolate: shaped like the head of a lance.
Acicular: needle-shaped.

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Word Study
Word Study
Decode the Word
Use the Code to figure out the words

a b c d e f g h i j k l m
! @ # $ % ^ & * ( ) - = +

n o p q r s t u v w x y z
{ } [ ] \ / : “ ‘ < > ? ~

___ ____ ____ ____ ____ ____


= ( { % ! \

___ ____ _____ _____ ____ _____ _____


# } \ $ ! : %

____ _____ _____ _____ ______ _____ _____


} @ } ‘ ! : %

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Color and Handwriting
Draw and color some leaves in the boxes below and
write the name of their shapes below, then color them

___________________________________
________ ___________ ____
___________________________________

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___________________________________
________ ___________ ____
___________________________________

___________________________________
________ ___________ ____
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Label

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Craft
Shape Match Up: Collect many leaves. Cut out
the Shapes below and match leaves to those
shapes.

Heart shapes

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Oval Shape or Oblong
Linear Shape

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Oval Shape

Kidney shape

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Creative Writing
How a leaf got it’s shape
Write an imaginary story telling
how a very plain square leaf got it’s
rounded or lobed shape.

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Lesson 4
Types of Leaves:

There are two different types of leaves,
simple ( all one piece ) or Compound
(made up of small leaflets).
Simple leaves have a single blade that is
attached to the stem, usually by a petiole.
Compound leaves have a blade that is
divided into leaflets.
In compound leaves, the leaflets are
attached to a petiole-like midrib, which, in
turn, is attached to the stem.

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Although leaves look very different they
usually are either toothed or lobed.
Toothed leaves have a jagged edge where as
lobed leaves are smooth edged.

Toothed or serrated (far left).


Smooth with pointed lobes (left of center).
Smooth or entire (right of center).
Smooth with rounded lobes (far right)

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This simple leaf is toothed


it has a jagged edge.

This is a compound leaf


that is toothed.

This compound leaf


is made up of lobed
smooth edged leaflets.

This simple leaf is a


lobed leaf also. The whole
outside is not jagged
but would feel smooth to
the touch.
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Leaf to Color
Color this Toothed Simple leaf

Leaf to Color
Color this lobed Simple leaf

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pinnately compound
compound leaf with the leaflets
arranged on both sides

palmately compound
three or more leaflets radiating
fan-like from a common basal point
of attachment

bipinnately compound
twice pinnate, the primary leaflets
are divided into secondary leaflets

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Word Study
Cross Word Puzzle

Across
3. smooth edges
4. jagged edges
Down
1. all one piece leaf
2. made up of small leaflets

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Hand Writing
In your best handwriting write the words.

Name the type of leaf Simple or compound. Use your
best handwriting

___________________________________
________ ___________ ____
___________________________________

Name the type of leaf Simple or Compound. Use your


best handwriting

___________________________________
________ ___________ ____
___________________________________
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Label

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Color
Draw and color the three types of
compound leaves.

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Draw and compare a simple leaf to a
compound leaf

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Craft
Leaf Shape Graphing:
Go for a nature hike and gather leaves.
You will need many of them.
Now divide them up into compound
leaves and simple leaves.
Then divide them up into toothed leaves
and lobed.
Make two graphs to show how many
toothed and lobed compound leaves you
found and how many toothed and lobed
simple leaves you found.

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Creative Writing
Humor: Write a funny
story about a leaf.

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Lesson 5
Leaf Seasons:
Most leaves experience the four seasons
and change. In the Spring leaves bud on a
tree and begin to grow. In the Summer they
are at their full growth and are green. In the
Fall they start to lose their green and turn all
sorts of colors. In the Winter they have died,
fallen from the tree and start to decompose.

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The Seasons change because the earth revolves around
the sun. At different times of the year certain areas on
the earth are closer to the sun. Those are the Spring and
Summer times. When the earth is pointed away from
the sun that is Fall and Winter.
As the season changes so do the leaves. In the
spring the leaves begin to grow, as summer comes they
get healthy and green.

In the fall they begin to change color to yellow, orange


red and purple. In winter they turn brown and die.

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Hand Writing
Name the Season you think this
leaf is experiencing. Use your best
handwriting

___________________________________
________ ___________ ____
___________________________________

___________________________________
________ ___________ ____
___________________________________

Gabrielle Yoder (free product) 7


Leaf Science project

Light and Leaf Color:

What you need:

a tree with leaves that turn red in autumn


aluminum foil or heavy paper and masking tape.

To Do:

Before the leaves turn colors in the fall, find a tree or


shrub that you know will turn bright red or purple.
Find several leaves that receive bright sunlight, and
cover part of them with foil or heavy paper and tape.
After the leaves have changed color, remove the cover-
ing and observe the different colors underneath. These
are the colors that were in the leaf all summer. The
bright reds and purples are only made in the fall, with
exposure to light.

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Label

Draw and label the Four seasons of a leaf

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Craft
Collage
print out pictures from the internet
of different season of leaves.
Cut them out in different shapes.
Glue them onto a poster board so
that they overlap one another.
This is called a collage.

Gabrielle Yoder (free product) 7


Craft
Cut out
small
colored
leaves
and
glue
them
onto the
tree and
ground
to show
leaves in
the Fall

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Creative Writing
Leaves from your state Pamphlet
Write a three fold pamphlet about the leaves that
are found in your state. This would be based on your
state tree and state flower.
On each section of the pamphlet use describing words
to tell about the leaves

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Make a Leaf Booklet
Use the Pattern below to make
a leaf booklet. Make as many
copies as you need
Type of Tree __________________________
Color of leaf __________________________
Compound or Simple ___________________
Shape of leaf __________________________

Draw the leaf here or do a leaf rubbing or glue leaf on


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We hope you have enjoyed this
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