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Sharing experiences IV: Teaching design at fourth year level.
By Ar. Priya Choudhary
“Design is often thought as a
process of synthesis, a process of putting together things, a process of combination.”
VISUAL ARTS HISTORY VISUAL ARTS HISTORY APPROPRIATE TECHNOLOGY BUILDING SERVICES ADV.Our Architectural Curriculum SEMESTER 1&2 SEMESTER 3&4 SEMESTER 5&6 SEMESTER 7&8 SEM 9 SEM 10 REGD. PG 10+2 WITH ENGLISH & MATHS APTITUDE TEST CLIMATOLOGY CONST. BLD CONS 10+3 ( DIPLOMA IN ARCHITECTURE) SEMINARS CONSTRUCTION ARCHITECTURAL PRACTICE PG IN ARCH. ANTHRO GRAPH. BLD SER ADV. EDUCATION CLIMATOLOGY WORKING DRAWING URBAN & COMMUNITY PLANNING FINAL DESERTATION PRACTICAL TRAINING REGISTRATION WITH COA . PLANNING ARCH.
. we expect the students to be equipped with ability to design and evolve architectural form . site conditions (inside plot boundary).. considering the various internal factors such as function. structural systems constructional and services requirements etc….PROGRESSION IN RESIDENTIAL TYPOLOGY PROGRESSION IN FORM ORIENTED DESIGN Till third year.
PLG SEMESTER 5 & 6 1 2 3 4 ADV. energy crisis and their implications on emerging built form and spaces with due importance to functional efficiency. Materials and their compatible forms. BLD CONS ADV. sustainable development.VI & VII EXPERIENCING THE ENVIRONMENT OBJECTIVE: 1Yr 2Yr 3Yr 4Yr Understanding of various urban and rural issues such as scarcity of resources. Understanding structure and its modification 2.at building level URBAN LEVEL Dealing with Urban planning.BLDG SER . renewal. urban infill. Ability of form to express something through its compositional qualities . 4. Climatic design Form oriented design SEMESTER 9 & 10 URBAN & COMM. LEVEL 1. urban design and conservation issues. Relationship between Built and unbuilt 3.SEMESTER 7 &8 DESIGN. context. SEMESTER 7 SEMESTER 8 BLD.
The process is not very rigid but it aims at inspiring students “to think” and “apply” rather than teaching them “how to think ” …… .
. 2. which contribute to the “total experience” for its users. Architecture is not always what is physical and visible. we expect students to understand impact of external factors (context) on evolution of architectural form and process to be adopted to incorporate it in evolution of architectural form …. but it also has some invisible components. time and people (users) In fourth year. Interaction between spaces and users. .The objectives of design studio at fourth year level are: 1. architecture and its surroundings are important aspects which make architecture appropriate for its place.
STUDY OF CONTEXT FORMULATION OF PROGRAMME EVOLUTION OF FORM .Site and its context is introduced first and not the activity/function….
Process: Study of context (methods adopted for study) Analysis inferences and conclusions Programme formulation (Quality and quantity of spaces) Evolution of architectural form Development of visualization Exploration of possibilities and thinking channelisation to lead students to take decisions logically Architectural detailing using drafting skills *Study of theories *Examples-discussions and deliberations *Methods and techniques of evaluation. comparison for choice of optimum best solution This stage of evolution of form will be discussed in various design studio projects with variety of contexts dealt with emphasis on role of teacher in helping student to visualize and channelise … .
Nagpur ⇒ Kashibai Temple complex ⇒ R. office building at MIHAN 2007 economic conditions Experimentation done: Impact of Socio-political and religious conditions on architectural form.M... Bhutan 2007-08 Experimentation done: Urban redevelopment of ⇒ Chitar OLi.climate Time Important external factor because of time….Socio-political and cultural heritage Experimentation done: ⇒ Climate Responsive Architecture. Harsil Valley. 2006 ⇒ Green Architecture. uttaranchal. Sri Lanka 2005 ⇒ Eco-friendly Architecture.Context: Place Important external factor because of place….. Nagpur University 2006-07 . Architectural People Important external factor because of people….T.
T. Sri Lanka 2005 ⇒ Eco-friendly Architecture.Socio-political and cultural heritage Experimentation done: ⇒ Climate Responsive Architecture. Bhutan 2007-08 Experimentation done: Urban redevelopment of ⇒ Chitar OLi. Nagpur ⇒ Kashibai Temple complex ⇒ R. Harsil Valley..Context: Place Important external factor because of place…..climate Time Important external factor because of time…..Architectural People Important external factor because of people…. Nagpur University 2006-07 . office building at MIHAN 2007 economic conditions Experimentation done: Impact of Socio-political and religious conditions on architectural form. 2006 ⇒ Green Architecture.M. uttaranchal.
Case study and Compilation of data collection during study 4. Study and Site at Columbo. Modifications as per the results of microclimate analysis Detailing of levels And design of special features Re-analysis of form imparting local identity . Sri Lanka An Educational Tour 1.CONTEXT ….PLACE ( CLIMATE AND TOPOGRAPHY) 1 –ARCHITECTURE AS A RESPONSE TO CLIMATE AND TOPOGRAPHY . Climate study and analysis of chosen sites 3. Evolution of built forms and site planning Analysis of form and microclimate generated. Selection of site 2.
m. ANALYSIS OF FORM AND MICROCLIMATE GENERATED Documentation of shadows using sundial MODIFICATIONS TO FORM AND REANALYSIS… .MTS THE USE OF BUILDINGS:INSTITUTIONAL MODEL…COMPOSITION OF SPACES AND MASSES TO CONSUME 1000 Sq.GIVEN… BUILT UP AREA :1000SQ.
sky lights.• Allocation of activities The analysis gave a base to the allocation of activities according to the conditions suiting the respective ones. access. sun. were detailed out keeping in view the local and traditional features used both in Sri Lanka as well as in Mumbai. opens spaces. colonnades. . Elevations and sections detailed out as per the activities allocated to the form. transitional spaces etc were detailed out on the site plan with help of various sections various elements enhancing the design were integrated at his stage. false walls. was assigned activities accordingly.partly sun etc. Areas requiring shade. Detailed sections • Special features ( local climate responsive elements) Elements like pergolas. the levels. partly shade. Plans. • Detailing of levels and plans Being a contoured site. roof forms etc.
Traditional housing planning. Study and Site at Harsil Valley. Tourism pattern: tourist inflow and floating population . Architectural details : construction techniques and building elements resulting into a architectural vocabulary 7.Study of environmental attributes 2.FRIENDLY ARCHITECTURE. Settlement pattern 3. UTTARANCHAL.EXPERIENCING THE ENVIRONMENT 2 –ECO. Uttaranchal An Educational Tour to Dharali and Mukhawa villages in Uttaranchal Study – group work 1. material and technology 6. HARSIL VALLEY. Urban spaces in accordance with socio-cultural requirements 5.
Architectural details in terms of floors plans.Final master plan 4. Small scale Industry .EXPERIENCING THE ENVIRONMENT 1 –ECO. Planning and design 1. Formulation of architectural design guidelines for future developments 9. sections and elevations Use of alternative techniques for services Details of construction techniques and building elements resulting into a architectural vocabulary which would be in accordance with the existing one . Identification of infrastructure facilities and their appropriate location: 8. Education facilities and Community centers 3. Comparative study of existingtraditional and conventional construction techniques in terms of their eco-friendliness on the basis of identified parameters. Contd. 7. Identification of sector for future development with justification Tourism. Identification of objectives for future development 2. Analysis of positive and negative impacts on environment due developmental proposalsmodifications in master plan to reduce negative impacts 6. UTTARANCHAL. HARSIL VALLEY.Formation of master plan for development of two villages with identified sector as catalyst 5.FRIENDLY ARCHITECTURE.
The project helped students in understanding of evolution of contemporary vernacular architecture and role of architect in its evolution. the role of architect need not be of that of a decision maker but that of an advisor Architecture need not be always monumental…. Here. .
Inherent and inbuilt • Westernized outlook: • Prioritization of decisions: importance to decisions which affect energy consumption the most • Emphasis on centralization :be natural...3 –GREEN ARCHITECTURE: Design of MADC office building in SEZ of MIHAN project. decentralized and evolutionary . Nagpur ISSUES…TO BE DEALT WITH • Superficial understanding and applications: generic solutions.
scale to model: Analysis of form and microclimate generated. Modifications as per the results of microclimate analysis Detailing of levels And Material and techniques. design of Re-analysis of form openings. Case study and Compilation of data collection during study 3.3 –GREEN ARCHITECTURE 1. Site analysis and understanding the user 4. formulation of architectural vocabulary. Evolution of built forms and site planning Model making: assigning a north. study 1. services . Understanding of “Green Architecture” 2. Levels at which concept of “Green” can be incorporated: 2.
MTS THE USE OF BUILDINGS: OFFICE .000SQ.GIVEN… BUILT UP AREA :10.
•A comparative evaluative approach is what required for arriving at ultimate solution. the solutions are always simple and simple solutions are more effective than the applied. superficial and hi-tech approach. . •As far as energy efficiency in built environment is concerned.Interaction with Ar. Vinod Gupta Feedback: The design project with the adopted methodology has made students aware and conscious about …… •The sustainability approach in evolution of built form has to be inherent aspect of decision making.
MATERIALS AND TECHNOLOGY IN HI TECH BUILDINGS WHERE QUALITY OF ENVIRONMENT IS IMPORTANT FOR PRODUCTIVITY…ISSUE OF ENERGY EFFICIENCY…. BHARTI VIDYAPEETH . PUNE WAS USED • ENVIRONMENT…NOT ONLY FORM BUT USE OF MATERIALS AND TECHNOLOGY…. MAKING IT ECOFRIENDLY • FORM. .PROGRESSION • PROGRESSION IN DEALING DESIGN PROJECTS CONCERNING CONTEXT CLIMATE…METHOD RECOMMENDED BY CENTER FOR ENVIRONMENTAL STUDIES .
. Nagpur ⇒ Kashibai Temple complex ⇒ R. uttaranchal.Context: Place Important external factor because of place…. Bhutan 2007-08 Experimentation done: Urban redevelopment of ⇒ Chitar OLi..climate Time Important external factor because of time…. Harsil Valley. office building at MIHAN 2007 economic conditions Experimentation done: Impact of Socio-political and religious conditions on architectural form.T.Socio-political and cultural heritage Experimentation done: ⇒ Climate Responsive Architecture.M. Nagpur University 2006-07 PROGRESSION…. 2006 ⇒ Green Architecture. CONTEXT ENCOMPASSING PLACE AND TIME . Sri Lanka 2005 ⇒ Eco-friendly Architecture.Architectural People Important external factor because of people…..
RASTRASANT TUKDOJI MAHARAJ UNIVERSITY CAMPUS GANDHI SQUARE CENTRAL AVENUE KELI BAUGH ROADUE RESERVE AAKASHWANI BANK SQUARE SQUARE HIGH COURT TO DELHI TO CHHINDWADA SITABULDI FORT INDORA SQUARE BADKAS SQUARE LAW COLLEGE SQUARESQUARE GOREWADA LAKE CHITAR OLI TO KAMPTEE GANDHI SQUARE PHUTALA LAKE TO AMRAVATI RAILWAY STATION CENTRAL AVENUE AMBAZARI LAKE KASTURCHAND PARK NAGPUR DHAREMPETH RAILWAY SQUARE STATION CHITAR NAGPUR OLI UNIVERSITY KASHI BAI CAMPUS TEMPLE COMPLEX BADKAS SQUARE JHUMMA LAKE MEDICAL COLLEGE SQUARE TO UMRED AIRPORT KASHI BAI TEMPLE COMPLEX & RAJ GHAT NEW SHUKRAVARI ROAD NAG RIVER MAHARAJ BAUGH RAILWAY LINE TO MUMBAI BAYDYANATH SQUARE R. including architecture.M NAGPUR UNIVERSITY CAMPUS CHTRAPATI SQUARE LOKMAT SQUARE .T. Symbiotic relationship between the surrounding area and the heritage site Areas identified .CONTEXT …. RAJGHAT.PLACE AND TIME (ARCHITECTURAL AND CULTURAL HERITAGE) 1 –HERITAGE CONSERVATION AND URBAN REDEVELOPMENT 2005 – 2006 Objective was to make students understand that urban areas are constantly exposed to changes.CHITAR OLI.
4.CONTEXT …. activities and architectural character and present condition. land value. Reasons for deterioration and loss of physical and visual linkages 6.r.Delineation of area 2. land use. Aim of redevelopment . economic status.t. features and reasons for those 5. Identification of infrastructure facilities and their appropriate location: . ownership. Historical background and its evolution 3. Data collection and analysis w. Study of heritage site in terms of typical architectural character. objectives and prioritization 7.PLACE AND TIME (ARCHITECTURAL AND CULTURAL HERITAGE) 1 –HERITAGE CONSERVATION AND URBAN REDEVELOPMENT 2005 – 2006 Study – group work (KASHIBAI TEMPLE COMPLEX) 1.
Major highlight: A panel discussion was organised at the department. planner. Hence to expose them to varied viewpoints and channelise thinking. Mrs. Conservation Activist. Kinhikar. a panel discussion was organized. Kiran Kalamdani. teachers may expose to limited viewpoints. Andhare The issue is very complex and in such cases. Mr. Chairman Heritage conservation Committee. Conservation Architect. Pradyumna Sahasrabhojanee. Ar. the participants being Ar. . Shobha Phanshikar. Prof.
A master plan to establish symbiotic relationship between the site and surroundings is developed which focused on socio-cultural developments which intern bring economic gains. The identified infrastructure was then detailed out in terms of architectural design. .
Harsil Valley. Sri Lanka 2005 ⇒ Eco-friendly Architecture.Socio-political and cultural heritage Experimentation done: ⇒ Climate Responsive Architecture. Nagpur ⇒ Kashibai Temple complex ⇒ R..Context: Place Important external factor because of place….. CONTEXT ENCOMPASSING PLACE AND TIMEAND PEOPLE ..Architectural People Important external factor because of people…. Nagpur University 2006-07 PROGRESSION…. 2006 ⇒ Green Architecture.T. uttaranchal. office building at MIHAN 2007 economic conditions Experimentation done: Impact of Socio-political and religious conditions on architectural form.M.climate Time Important external factor because of time…. Bhutan 2007-08 Experimentation done: Urban redevelopment of ⇒ Chitar OLi.
t..CONTEXT …. New developments and proposals by Ar. building typologies such as Lhakhang. 6. Conclusions in the form of characteristic features of Bhutanese architecture 7. study of Bhutanese architecture w. Christopher Benninger . openings .TIME AND PEOPLE Study – group work 1 –SOCIO-POLITICAL AND RELIGIOUS SETUP AND ITS IMPACT ON ARCHITECTURE OF BHUTAN:DESIGN OF NEIGHBOUHOOD NODES 1: Study of existing socio-political setup and economic conditions with its history 2: Settlement pattern 3. Formulation of architectural design guidelines for future developments 5. Dzong and Monastries. colour ands symbolism w. columns.r. iconic architecture and variations in building elements such as walls.r.PLACE . roofs.t typologies 4.
PLACE .CONTEXT ….TIME AND 1 –SOCIO-POLITICAL AND RELIGIOUS SETUP AND ITS IMPACT ON ARCHITECTURE OF BHUTAN : DESIGN OF NEIGHBOUHOOD NODES Planning and design 1. Architectural details in terms of floors plans. Identification of URBAN VILLAGE FOR WHICH NEIGHBOURHOOD NODE IS TO BE DESIGNED 2. SITE ANALYSIS 3. sections and elevations Details of construction techniques and building elements resulting into a architectural vocabulary which would be in accordance with the existing one . EVOLUTION OF BUILTFORM 4.
The essence of Bhutanese architecture : composition of positive and negative spaces and their proportions. In the proposed master plan for Thimpu. Christopher Benninger . . formed the basis for new compositions to be derived for a neighbourhood nodes. by Ar. there are 8 proposed neighbourhood nodes. which will serve the new democratic capital Thimpu and its hinterland. The architectural character of these new NODES would become the trendsetter for the further new developments to come up after it becomes democratic country.
moral and ethical responsibility amongst students towards their designs.for EVOLUTION OF FORM AND THE ROLE OF TEACHER IN IT…….Leading student from Ambiguity .PROCESS ADOPTED…. .. time and people…. developing a sense of social. confusion to clarity Irrationality to rationality Making the architecture appropriate to place. contradictions and confusion then…. Making student explore options full of conflicts.
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