The Y Rev oluti on |1
The Y Revolution By
Gage DeMont Hansen
Master’s Student, Southern Utah University
however. the group describes the demographic cohort following Generation X. because the dates for Gen X are most frequently cited from 1961-81 (Strauss & Howe.” (Strauss & Howe. 1992. While Howe and Strauss help us to determine exactly who might be considered Gen X versus who might be considered a Millennial. as they discover that new is not always better then tried and true? And possibly most importantly. new generations of Americans are coming of age who grew up in the digital revolution and to whom computer comprehension is inherent because their social world was already governed by those structures when they became old enough to understand it. and the technology with which they must already be aware and hold some sort of passably adequate comprehension.The Y Rev oluti on |2 The world is a much. 1992) we will consider that end date to signify the beginning of Generation Y and determine that the oldest Millennials were born no earlier than 1980. The creation
.” Also known as the Millennial Generation. What does the world have to look forward to as those first digital natives become the governing generation of the Public Sector? Many of them are beginning to earn places at the bottom of the control structures and have some influence on how they are used. it becomes much more complicated to determine who is considered a Millennial versus who might be considered a member of Generation Z. it has certainly become much more evident since the digital revolution. nickname pending. an echo of the baby boomers. knowing full well the capabilities of modern technology? What will stay the same. at least since the industrial revolution.” Members of Generation Y are most commonly referred to as “Millennials. The technology that the modern public administrator needs to be fluent with is ever growing. p. because the first of us reached the age of majority as we switched into the 21st century. Though this has nearly always been the case. but what will change when they are the ones determining policy.” as our generation represents an increase in the number of births not because of any significant increase in birthrates but rather due to the legion of baby boomers who began to have children. thus. much different place than it was when the people now in control of it were growing up. when will all of this finally happen?
First and foremost it must be determined about whom we are talking when we ask these questions in relation to the first of the digital natives discussed above. (Armour)) As there are no specific dates for when the Millennial generation starts or ends. is overwhelming considering that that the typewriter still controlled the communication market when many of those administrators went through school and filing rooms for hard copies took up entire floors at many government buildings only a few short years ago. various authors and pundits have used birth dates ranging anywhere from the mid 1970s to the early 2000s. that. 324) (We are occasionally called “Echo Boomers. However. or “Gen X. is “Generation Y.
and which of those characteristics are pervasive enough to determine how we will choose to govern once we come to power. or depend on other social and economic conditions. Inc. The age of these individuals on September 11th. (The Sunday Telegraph. Fifteen years for each generation seems a bit superficial but considering that someone born in 1995 will turn 15 this year and has not entered the workforce it is the latest date that this author is willing to consider part of his own generation.com) verified births between 1980 and 1995 and calculations determined that there are 58.) Given these determinations the effective birth dates encompassing Generation Y will be 1980-1995. how we work with other generations. such as. American demographics (provided by the Department of Health and Human Services.2 million baby boomers who spawned them. Millennials are
. there will be some that the Millennials all share regardless of those things. Census Bureau. (U. somewhat begrudgingly at that. 2006)
Now that we have specified the subjects of the paper we have to determine the characteristics of the Millennials that will affect how we all function individually. didn’t understand the ramification of it and so could not have been affected by it nearly as significantly as those Millennials in their first or second year of college. Another that is commonly credited to us is that in most parts of the developed world the upbringing of the Millennials was marked by a neoliberal or market oriented approach to the political and economic fields. anyone born in 1995 would be a mere six years old on that day. the one mentioned previously regarding how we are commonly credited with an increased use and knowledge of communications.. approximately 19% of the US population. as the individuals perception of the world could not possibly understand the events unfolding. However. approximately 26% of the population.S. how we work among other Millennials.The Y Rev oluti on |3 of the new Generation Alpha is a helpful factor in determining where the line between Y and Z will be. (Albo. and digital technologies. 2002) This translated into the Millennials being the first generation raised in what is commonly referred to as the “politically correct” society and this is thought to have led to various multidisciplinary effects.430 members of Generation Y. Generation Alpha consists of anyone who is born after 2010. 2009) and that leaves a mere 30 years to span both Generations Y and Z. while possibly aware of the magnitude of September 11th. Any younger and the most defining event of the Millennials social development could not be regarded as such. end date undetermined. 2007) just shy of the 78. Many of the characteristics that people ascribe to the Millennials are likely to vary by individual or by region. Thus the difficulties of determining the Y/Z divide.139. (Even the youngest of the group that this author is accepting as Millennials. (Pearson Education. 2001 also plays a significant role in how willing this author is to admitting them into the ranks with the Millennials. National Center for Health Statistics via infoplease. media.
Twenty percent have an immigrant parent and ten percent have a parent who is not a US citizen. 2008) It may be a consequence of the politically correct environment. 2006)
One of the most noteworthy labels pinned to the Millennials is that of the "Trophy Generation". responsibility. 2004) Alsop reported on many corporations who had experienced such “Trophy Kid” characteristics of Millennials in the employment environment. employees discuss and debate the generational differences they have seen played out" (Alsop.” (Thielfoldt & Scheef.
Millennials are very diverse. in order to better understand the mindset of Millennials. We expect to shape our jobs to fit our lives rather than adapting our lives to meet the demands of our jobs.The Y Rev oluti on |4 turning out to be more radically tolerant of other cultures than previous generations. The Trophy Kids Grow Up: How the Millennial Generation is Shaking Up the Workplace. or "Trophy Kids. nor the public sector.1 (Yan. After the performance. The Trophy Kids Grow Up: How the Millennial Generation is Shaking Up the Workplace. (Heath. On top of that. 2008) Neither corporate America. (Alsop. or from the cascaded attention and high expectations of parents." (Alsop.” (Alsop. who often thinks of Generation Y as a continuum of themselves. the exact effects of being raised in the politically correct environment are heavily disputed. and says that many employers are worried that Millennials have too lofty of expectations. (Muntz. (Hannah. many firms are devising programs to help older generations understand Millennials. The 'Trophy Kids' Go to Work. (Greenberg. is likely to be surprised by the vast differences between the two generations. Spring 2004)
. 2008) These terms reflect one of the aspects of our politically correct upbringing as illustrated by the trend in youth sports where "there are no losers" and everyone gets a "Thanks for Participating" trophy symbolizing our supposed “perceived sense of entitlement. 2008) Those differences will vary depending on which generation the Millennials are interacting with but even Gen X. whether during the interview process or on the job. 2009) however. i. these programs are sometimes devised in ways that also make Millennials more comfortable. but for one reason or another Millennials “display a great deal of selfconfidence to the point of appearing cocky. have dealt with such expectations before and. or as a coping mechanism against the image of success we were bombarded with by traditional media. Goldman Sachs’ training program which uses actors to represent Millennials who assertively seek more feedback. and involvement in decision making. many large firms are conducting studies of our work habits and it would be a good idea for Administrative Agencies to do the same. 2005) which was exemplified by studies showing that a majority of us favor same-sex marriage rights.e. 2006) and more culturally liberal.
young people don’t turn en masse to any one TV show or blog for news. is seen as much healthier and more useful than its’ historic counterparts. That congestion trickles down leaving less and less positions even at the bottom. p. When there isn’t a clear cultural “establishment.S. The consensus building of the Millennials on a generational level. (Coy. As one author put it in her submission to the New York Times essay contest on College life in the postmodern world: Generation Y takes individualism literally.” (Howe & Strauss. bands rise to fame through Web downloads and never appear on MTV. At the same time life expectancy and retirement ages climb. “The freshness and vitality
. might just turn out to be the next Greatest Generation. In the decentralized world of YouTube and MySpace. setting our homepage preferences to report only on the news that interests us. for 16 to 24-year-olds has climbed to more than 18 percent. 2000. 2007) Strauss and Howe further document this trend in their book Millennials Rising: The Next Great Generation." (Andersen. Among the Millennials his election is viewed as distinctively ours and in the aftermath of his victory more Millennials will likely take up interest in the study of Public Administration. if not impossible. which spawned the World Trade Organization (WTO) protests in Seattle of 1999.” there’s no need for a counterculture to resist it. however. due to the Great Recession our generation is also beginning to be compared to the Lost Generation of the early 20th century as the unemployment rate in the U. We have personalized encounters with culture and politics. These days. but it most definitely exists in every aspect of all our lives. if they can keep their sense of entitlement in check. 2009)
Being compared to “the Greatest Generation” is admirable. in which they portray the Millennials as “Civic Minded. music or fashion. or the Baby Boomer’s Woodstock of 1969. More than one author has said it but one put it into very specific words: “Millennials. 2000) This trend is most noticeable in the mediums of music and art because of the overwhelming use of media by Millennials.The Y Rev oluti on |5
Millennials have come to reject the counterculture that persisted from the hippies all the way to Gen X. 352) That characteristic was particularly prominent during the 2008 election cycle with overwhelming support of Barack Obama. to identify where the mainstream ends and the “underground” begins – that’s just another category undone by absolutist individualism. while slower than the protest movements of the 60’s and 70’s. (Atal. It’s difficult. That goes in stark contrast to the Gen X culture. (Bayles. leaving almost no open positions at the top. 2009) Studies have suggested that extended periods of youthful joblessness radically depress lifetime income potential and force people into jobs and even careers that are beneath their capabilities.
. Tomorrow's would-be star employees are on the sidelines. 2009)
This peripheral role in society. Like the Goldman Sachs’ training program there will many things that either Millennials or our future employers. We are consummate multi-taskers. deprived of experience and losing motivation.” (Coy. Commentators may call it a sense of entitlement but all we are asking for is a small say in where that light at the end of the Baby Boomer tunnel lets out. The same peripheral role may have been the cause for the Gen X rebellion against everything establishment. It is likely that the distant hope that keeps the Millennials so positive about the future even as we “sit on the sidelines” could be the motivating factor behind more Millennials getting advanced degrees than any previous generation. is frustrating for Millennials. Spring 2004) We have been noted as “typically teamoriented.
Just because Millennials are sitting on the sidelines does not mean that we will have no affect on the work environment. 2004) crowding together in our youth to hang out2 and socialize rather than pairing off. But those characteristics of the Millennials which are conducive to the work environment. school. but we expect a functional and interactive relationship with superiors that previous generations did not. social interests and many of us had jobs at a younger age then Gen X. do to the structure of the workplace that will help it evolve toward an environment the Millennials will be more comfortable with. 2004) That may not engage Gen X’s love of independence or cater much to their hands-off approach to their world.The Y Rev oluti on |6 young people bring to the workplace is missing. (Caleban. thus the waning motivation. even if that light is dim and yet a ways off. as we enter the age brackets where previous generations found so much opportunity. both public and private. This lifestyle has lead Millennials to expect the same out of our chosen adult careers. as children we juggled sports. 70 percent of all Millennials plan to attend college. so some
“Hang out” is a phrase used by Millennials to specify spending time with someone of the opposite sex that is less serious than getting together or dating in the context of casually exploring whether you like someone as just a friend or maybe more than a friend. (Muntz.” (Thielfoldt & Scheef. We work exceptionally well in groups. there are many adaptations Millennials will need to make as well. Some Millennials were even entrepreneurs before finishing high school. The Millennials on the other hand see a light at the end of the tunnel. Gen X was too close to the Baby boomers to see any hope of sufficient advancement in during their youth so they sought out a lifestyle that didn’t require advancement. (Thielfoldt & Scheef. or represent a harmless affect. This does not mean that any employer will be catering to the Millennials every whim. For instance we recognize and respect positions and titles. typically preferring them to individual endeavors. will slowly find their way into the mainstream.
2010) Although he might be exaggerating just a bit. A bachelor's degree is more or less meaningless anymore.” (Jake Moses.The Y Rev oluti on |7 compromises will likely be made as the Millennials transition through the short time that Gen X will control Public Administration. Because our generation appreciates structure and stability. which may very well lead to higher pay. Jake isn’t so far off with his idea. and more time getting experience with those technologies and programs. providing lots of challenges but also the structure to back it up. & Lucas. mentoring Millennials will likely be a growing venture and. It may be that older generations’ productivity is hampered by such tools but Millennials are just as likely to IM co-workers as they are friends and that will include questions related to the task at hand.” (Cole. “I guess this demand for information and communication probably stems. because they work so well in team situations. from the fact that we're all so educated now. and by the time [my daughter] Maddy goes to college two graduate degrees will probably be more or less a minimum.
. (Thielfoldt & Scheef. As mentioned previously Millennials are incredibly well versed in modern technology and regularly multi-task while IM-ing. this will help them interact in-office quicker than previous generations had and allow them to bring in opinions and ideas from outside the organization and few people are going to argue that more information or outside perspectives would be harmful. that mentoring process being a small change to the workplace that will help both sides to adapt. “The potential for wage-induced inflationary pressures as the economic expansion of the 1990’s progressed was muted by prolonged increases in labor productivity that helped offset developing labor supply problems. You might consider mentoring Millennials in groups. That will mean more time spent in school. 2002) The increase in individual productivity from the increased technological literacy may very well happen. That way they can act as each other's resources or peer mentors. according to Thielfoldt and Scheef: …should be more formal. with set meetings and a more authoritative attitude on the mentor's part. as well as offering any necessary resources and information they'll need to meet the challenge. This means breaking down goals into steps. at least partially. 2004) Another of those evolutions will likely be the use of IM and other real time interaction methods that employers currently look at as interferences. Those compromises will likely come as the Millennials are mentored by their older peers and colleagues during the coming years. but the twenty million person gap between the Baby Boomers and Generation Y will likely lead to such labor shortages and that wage-induced inflation cannot be avoided. Smith. With the advent of so many advanced technologies and high tech programs in the work place it takes more and more training for employees to be qualified for employment.
in that way. All those changes are likely to happen in well structured.
. But when it happens…The US economy doesn’t handle stagnation well and so the push to raise Gen X to the top for their short reign and fill the rest of the positions with Millennials eager for the experience and opportunity to prove themselves…it will happen quickly. Millennials will create the Millennium in almost the same way that the Millennium created the Millennials.com came to dominate the media landscape. as the Millennials appreciate the concept of positively reinforced encouragement and the usefulness of recognized superiority labeled by titles and propagated by internal promotion. organized companies and agencies. The Millennials will finally bring the workplace into the 21st century and.The Y Rev oluti on |8 Conclusion Millennials will drastically change the workplace. The first Baby Boomers are past 60 and have already started to retire. Peer-to-peer networking like Linkedin.com will likely take the place of large. Hierarchies will be become less prominent and adhocracy will begin to gain prominence along the same course that Youtube. both in the public and private sectors. The bulk of them will likely stay in the workforce to some extent well into their 70’s. structured occupational associations. That means real promotion of the Millennials is about five to ten years off. just like they have for the better part of last century.
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