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Members of Group # 32 Name Rahul Rahman Student ID 0720262 Individual Village-Resource Mapping and Transect Social Change process Economy and Rural Production cycle Health and Environment Rural Market
Nafis Ahmed Md. Shahadot Hossain
Hassiba Rashid Happy S. M. Riffat Wahid
Independent University, Bangladesh
Date of submission March 18, 2010
Data: March 18, 2010 To The Live - In - Field Experience Committee Independent University Baridhara-1212, Dhaka Subject: Letter of Transmittal Dear Sir/Madam, Please find enclosed our report of the live in field experience (LFE 201) Program, completed as per the requirements of the IUB curriculum which was held under RDA (Rural Development Academy), Bogra from 5th January 2010 to 17th January 2010. Our Participation in the LFE program gave us the unique opportunity to study life in rural Bangladesh, thereby enriching our knowledge and broadening our outlook. We have attempted to include all relevant information in our report in order to present a coherent picture of village life. It was a very enjoyable experience for us, as the LFE program gave us the opportunity to have a deeper understanding of the rural people and as a result, enabling us to appreciate their contribution to the nation. We are looking forward to any questions you may have regarding our report. Sincerely Rahul Rahman Nafis Ahmed Md. Shahadot Hossain Emon Hassiba Rashid Happy S. M. Riffat Wahid ID: 0720262 ID: 0720129 ID: 0720257 ID: 0720093 ID: 0610094
and Rural Development academy (RDA). First. Bangladesh (IUB).ACKNOLEDGEMENTS Before proceeding further with our report. Last but not the least. Mr. for arranging the LFE program for us and thereby allowing us to see life in rural Bangladesh. Md. Mahbub Alam. Kafiul Islam for educating us on various aspects of LFE. we also appreciate our LFE monitors Zaheda Malik. Asif Sinha and Pankaj Kanti sarkar for their guidance and encouragement throughout our field work in Govindapur Para. Allah Dittta Khan. the study would not have been this thorough. it was not possible to make the study successful. Third. III . we like to thank the following organization and persons for their contribution towards the completion of this report. we like to express our honest gratitude to our teachers Dr. Mr Farhad Alam. our honest gratitude goes to the inhabitants of Govindapur Para. Without the constant help and guidance of our assigned LFE monitors. we thank Independent University. Without their enthusiastic cooperation. Second. for their warm and hospitable treatment.
3 Objectives of LFE 1.3 DRAWING THE VILLAGE MAP 3.0 Methodology 2.4 Scope 1.6.3. ID# 0720262 184.108.40.206 Qualitative survey though PRA 2.4 Procedure of Para Mapping 3.Table of Contents Chapter -1 1.0.1 Objectives of Drawing Transact Map 3.6.3 Para Mapping 3. ID # 0720129 4.3 Significant aspects of social change of Govindapur Para 21 21 22 22 IV .2 Factor of communicate with people 3.3.5 Transect Chart of Steps 0-200 3.0 Introduction 4.6.2 Redraw of Village Map 3.2 Attitude Followed for PRA 2.3 Legend of Transact Map 3.5 Redraw of Para Map 3.1 Other Important Information about Govindapur Para 3.1 Rapport Building 220.127.116.11 Procedure of Drawing Transact map 3.4.1 Description of the seven Para at a glance 3.4 Transact Map 18.104.22.168 Introduction 1.4 Observation 2. 3.1 Objectives of Village mapping 3.1 Aims and Objectives 4.6 Transact Map 3.3.2 Origin of the report 1.4 There are Seven Para in Jamunna Village.5 Limitations of the report Chapter – 2 2. Introduction 22.214.171.124 VILLAGE MAPPING 3.6 Major Findings In Transact Map 3.2 Social Change Process 4.7 Conclusions 1 2 3 4 4 5 5 6 7 7 9 10 10 11 12 15 15 16 17 18 19 19 20 Chapter 4: SOCIAL CHANGE PROCESS Prepared by Nafis Ahmed.2 Some Other objectives 3.3 Quantitative Survey through Questionnaire 2.5 Flowchart of Methodology Page no XIII XIII XIV XV XV XVII XVIII XVIII XIX XIX XIX XX Chapter 3: Village-Resource Mapping and Transect Prepared by Rahul Rahman.5 General description of Govindapur Para 3.
4 Infrastructure Change 126.96.36.199.3 Minimum age for marriage 4.7 Agricultural Change 4.9.1 Daily time usage of man and woman according to seasonal pattern 4.1b BRAC: Effect in the Social Condition and Change 4.9 Economic change 4.8.1a Rajshahi Krishi Unnayan Bank 4.1 Sanitation 4.14.12 Gender Division of Labor 4.1c Grameen Bank 4.2 FOLK SONG 4.5.1 Judicial System 4.11 Gender Biased Wage Disparity 188.8.131.52 Demographic change 4.1 House Structure 4.8.6 Educational change 4.2 Medical facilities 4.6 Food and Nutrition 184.108.40.206.3 Roles played by modern technology in agricultural sector 4.13 Entertainment 4.4 Pon/Dowry 4.3 Water 4.5 Decision Making 4.1 Governmental Organizations: 4.2 Educational level expectation 4.2 Transport and Communication: 220.127.116.11.1 Wild Life 4.8 Marriages and Polygamy 4.9 Clothing 4.5 Cultural change 18.104.22.168.7 Games 22.214.171.124.2 Effectiveness of female rights 4.2 Indigenous Knowledge 126.96.36.199 Micro credit 4.5 Household Type 4.1 Agricultural products 4.14 Governmental Organization/Nongovernmental Organization Activities 4.4.15 Positive Findings 22 22 23 24 24 24 24 25 25 25 26 27 27 27 27 27 28 28 28 28 29 29 30 30 30 31 31 31 32 32 33 34 34 34 35 35 35 36 37 37 38 39 39 39 39 40 V .2 Fertilizer and pesticides 4.3 Advantage of education 4.10 Environmental change 188.8.131.52.1 Occupation and Migration 4.1 Chronological Change of education 4.8.3 Impact of “Jamuna Shetu” 184.108.40.206.8.4 Immunization 4.1 KHONAR BOCHON 4.7.4.
3 Health Condition of Govindapur Para 6.5.0 Introduction 6.17 How NGOs collect installment 5.4.4. Shahadot Hossain Emon.1 Borga 5.3 Cooking place 6.3.8 Contractual Agreements 5.4 Interest Rates of NGO’s 5.10 Soils of Bangladesh 5.3. 15 NGO helps in many ways 5. ID: 0720257 5.11.2 Son Potini 220.127.116.11 Different between two NGO 5.3.14 Microcredit 5.1 Introduction 5.7 Poverty 5.2 Objective of the study 6.2 Vaccination program 6.16 Negative Findings 4.11 Seasonality mapping 5.2 Utilizations of loans 5.4 Fuel usage for cooking 6.19 Recommendation 5.14. ID # 0720093 6.1 Major cropping pattern 5.20 conclusion 42 42 43 43 43 43 44 45 45 46 51 52 52 52 52 53 54 54 54 59 59 59 60 60 61 61 61 62 62 64 65 66 Chapter 6: HEALTH AND ENVIRONMENT Prepared by Hassiba Rashid Happy.2 Objective 5.17 Conclusion 41 41 Chapter 5: ECONOMY AND RURAL PRODUCTION CYCLE Prepared by Md.4 Overview of economic condition 5.4 Annual income range 5.12 STORAGE FACILITIES OF FARM PRODUCTS 5.6 Wealth Ranking 5.13 Seasonal variation and income (lean season) 5.18 major finding 5.1 Impact of micro-credit in Para 5.1Income Sources of Govindapor Para 18.104.22.168Primary occupation 5.3 Kai Kalasi 5.5.2 Primary income sources 5.3 Amounts borrow 5.5.9 Overview of rural production cycle 5.3 Limitations of the study 5.3 Secondary income sources 5.5 Health effects due to the use of Fuel 68 69 69 70 70 71 72 73 74 VI .8.1 Interrelation between Health and Environment 22.214.171.124.1 Sources of water & its purposes 6.14.
11 Positive findings of the whole study 6.6.2 Water Pollution 6.9 Brand Choice 7.8. Differences between Market and Haat 7.2 Poor quality housing 6.10Promotional Activity 7.1Consumer Products 7.2.4. NOY MILE HAAT 7.11Distribution Channels of Paddy 7. Some important Definition 7.8.7 Health care facility available for the villagers 6. Introduction 7.10.6 Nutrition 6.6.1 Economic Inequalities 6.8 Problems related to Government Health Care Center 6.M.126.96.36.199.3.3. Riffat Wahid.7.13. Classification of Products 7.10.9 Trees 6.1 Air Pollution 6. Case Analysis of Noy Mile Haat 7.5. ID # 0610094 7.7 Factors Influencing Women’s Access to Health Services 6. Fake Product 7. Limitation 7.16.Value chain of paddy (IRRI): 7.12 Negative findings of the whole study 6.0.2Industrial Products: 7.5 Family Planning Program 6.0.Market Economics 7.6.10 Pollution and its effect 6.3.4 Common Diseases Suffered by Villagers 6. Important Findings 188.8.131.52 Waste Disposal 6. Conclusion 85 86 87 87 88 88 89 89 91 92 93 93 93 94 95 96 98 101 102 VII .13 Conclusion 74 75 75 76 77 78 78 78 79 79 80 81 83 83 83 83 84 84 84 Chapter 7: Rural Market & Production Cycle Prepared by S.12Product Inflow and Product Outflow: 7.8 Environment 6.6 Women Health 6.7.Conclusion and Recommendations 8.1 Sanitation 6.
5.8.1a Table 4.5: Fig 4.12. 36 39 41 42 43 43 Figure No.1b Table Name Effectiveness of female rights Different Games over the Period Graph Showing expected minimum level of education for boys and girls Gender biased wage disparity Seasonal male labor pattern Seasonal female labor pattern Page No.5.2 Table 4.7 Table 4. 28 Fig 4.11 Table 4.2 Table 4. Table 4.1: 32 34 VIII .184.108.40.206. A correlation chart of wild life with its influencing factors Page No. Fig 4.List of Tables and Figure: Chapter 4: Social Change Process Table No.2: Figure Name Graph Showing expected minimum level of education for boys and girls Showing percentage different types of family.
16 Table Name Peoples involvement in family income Source of earning Income range of earning Number of people under each income groups types of house where people live Time table of cultivation of BR-29 crop calendar Interest rate charge different NGO’s Different between NGO. Table: 5.s Page No.1 Table 5.12. Figure 5.1. 43 44 46 47 50 55 56 61 62 Figure No.Chapter 5: Economy and rural production cycle: Table No.1 Table 5.6 Table 5.1.14. 220.127.116.11: Figure: 5.11 Table 18.104.22.168.2 Figure 5.3 Figure Name Income earning member in Para Source of earning Income group types of house where people live : Storage Facility.14.4 Table 5.5.2 Table 5. Figure 5.4 Table 5. Figure: 5.14.5. Figure: 5.2.6. Figure 5. Table. Impact of Micro-credit on Govindapur Para Utilization of money Different amount people take from different NGO. Figure 5. 44 45 46 50 58 60 60 61 IX .s Page No.6.
3.3.1 Table 6. 71 Sources of Water and its Purpose Vaccination program Vaccination of children Health care facilities available for the villagers Problems with Healthcare Facilities Name of Diseases 72 72 75 76 77 Table 6.2 Table 6.1 Table 6.5: Figure 6.1: Table 6.5: Types of Contraceptive Used Toilet Facilities 77 80 Figure No.4: Table Name Page No.2 Table 6.8. 6.3.3.Chapter 6 Health & Environment Table No.3. Table 22.214.171.124 Table 6.5 Figure 6.3.3 Figure 6.7 Table 6.4 Figure 6.2 cooking place Figure Name Page No.8.3. 73 73 74 78 82 Types of Fuel used for cooking Health effects due to the use of Fuel Types of Contraceptive Used Waste Disposal Place X .
7.1: Figure 7. Figure7. 88 90 94 95 96 Figure No.Chapter 7: Rural Market Table No.7.7.13 Table Name Difference between Haat and Bazaar Brand choice industrial product Product Inflow and Product Outflow Value chain of paddy Page No. 90 94 XI .5 Table7.11: Figure Name Availability of products Distribution Channels of Paddy Page No. 12 Table: 7.1 Table7. Table 7.2 Table: 7.
Chapter 1 Introduction This portion of the report is prepared by: Rahul Rahman Nafis Ahmed Md. Riffat Wahid ID: 0720262 ID: 0720129 ID: 0720257 ID: 0720093 ID: 0610094 XII . M. Shahadot Hossain Emon Hassiba Rashid Happy S.
0 Introduction This report is prepared for the course of Live-in-Field Experience (LFE). that’s why even after 39 years of our independence. It is a fact that nearly all the students of IUB have been brought up in urban areas and it is reality that they have little or no idea about “Gram Bangla”. As we are not concerned about our village and villagers. which has to be completed by every students of Independent University. But most urban people have a perception that the village people are poor and illiterate. Bangladesh before graduation. But our entire root is from “Gram Bangla”. The rest of the people of urban area depend on the villagers directly or indirectly for various purposes. the course is only offered in Independent University of Bangladesh (IUB). Bangladesh is still an underdeveloped country. 1. economic condition.1. XIII . It is a pre-requisite course. So. It is perhaps the most unique course offered by any private university in the country. it is our duty to know about them and their life style. carry on a survey and also observation which will definitely give some knowledge about rural area and its economy.2 Origin of the report LFE (Live in Field Experience). It is also the study of villages as the country has more than sixty eight thousand villages and majority of the population still lives in the villages. Our politics. IUB gives special privilege to its students. culture and social behavior. Development of our country is based on our rural areas. society. Few students have theoretical knowledge about villages but that is not adequate for students in this competitive generation. literacy rate and health condition depend on our village. Though similar course are found in many public university. Therefore it is very important to know what is going on in the village. LFE (Live in field Experience) is the study about predominant culture and mode of production in rural Bangladesh. During LFE students have the opportunity of taking personal and group interview.
The objectives for which the report has been carried out are given below: To familiarize the participants with real socio-economic realities of rural life by estimating literacy rate. market and the market structure finding the intensity of the poverty in the village and different conditions from the villagers. household pattern. To reflect the state of health and health awareness. relationship between each other. To get the real picture of the present environmental condition of the village.1. to get the information on the current condition of rural life. toilet facilities. To find out the GO and NGO activity in the village. XIV . cropping pattern. as a partial requirement of the course Live in Field Experience (LFE) Secondly. level of education and working status of the population. To identify the existing market structure of the village and thus end up with a proposed market structure and what steps are taken by them to distribute of their rural product. the ownership of land and occupation. and kind of fuel they use. culture.3 Objectives of LFE This report on the rural community of Bangladesh (Govindapur para) has been drawn with a view to achieve two goals: Firstly. their economic system. To know their agricultural method. like source of water supply. socio economic infrastructure. To identify the changes that are taking place in social structure and economic development by measuring their monthly income and expenditure. vaccination and other medical facilities. and their seasonal life pattern.
There were some people who were non co-operative and thus they contributed to minimize the amount of information during our survey. In addition. Beside that. there is a growing concern and demand for qualitative data backed by quantifiable analysis. This study is likely to be conducted on assessing the infrastructure in respect of economy. Our supervisors always helped us. we tried to make it successful. 1. we did not have preliminary experience about data collection. Only 12 days is not enough for the collection of Raw Data in order to prepare a professional report.4 Scope IUB has invested a lot of time and resources to complete a successful research in LFE. For the purpose of our analysis both quantitative and qualitative data has been collected from the most important informants of the respective village. XV . We have included qualitative as well as quantitative data in the present study because these days as criterion of social research. This type of research work is first time experience for all of us. Some of the limitations we faced are mentioned below: The first problem we have faced is the time limitation. which we think would increase the validity and would help to sketch out the real picture much more clearly. Though our time was very short to make an appropriate report. as we asked some very personal sensitive questions regarding society and family there were some people who skipped answering those questions.5 Limitations of the report During the completion of the report we have faced many limitations that might have reduced the quality of the report.1. culture. We have a little knowledge about this course for that type of work. so the overall quality of this report may not be as professionals. The effective research techniques and our sincerity have made our scope of report appropriate. We did not had enough time to include a bigger share of the respondents. market of a particular village setting. Non co-operation is another limitation of the study. society.
respondents were found to be unwilling to answer some specific questions. As we surveyed the respective village during the working hours of the day. Some informants told their PARA as the separate village. So it took many days to clarify the map of the village. However our best effort was there to crosscheck that information for making more valid. XVI . There are some villagers who misguide us by giving wrong information. Sometimes. Finding the right person to ask the question was another obstacle. This is the most irritating constraint that we faced as the villagers didn’t know the border of their own village. most of the male were out of their house and as a result the quantity of female respondent got higher which may reflect in getting sonic scattered answer regarding some questions.
M. Riffat Wahid ID: 0720262 ID: 0720129 ID: 0720257 ID: 0720093 ID: 0610094 XVII .Chapter 2 Methodology This portion of the report is prepared by: Rahul Rahman Nafis Ahmed Md. Shahadot Hossain Emon Hassiba Rashid Happy S.
analyze and evaluate constraints and opportunities for future development of the community. and to collect quantitative data we used questionnaire survey. For collecting qualitative data we used “Participatory Rural Appraisal” technique. a group of five IUB students conducted the study in a Para named “Govindapur”. Selection was made after a consultation with the “Rural Development Academy (RDA)” authority. both informal and formal survey method were followed. It is way of learning with and from communities in order to investigate. • • • Share Enhance. The Para is under Jamunna village in Bogra district. In the study. Thus PRA field exercise is not only for collection of qualitative information and idea generation but it is about analysis and learning by local people. identifying and prioritizing problems and appraising strategies for solving them (Cook and Thomas 1994) XVIII . to plan and to act” RA is set of participatory and largely visual techniques for assessing group and community resources.2. PRA "A family of approaches and methods to enable rural people to. and Analyze Their knowledge of life and conditions. 2.0 Methodology We.1 Qualitative survey though PRA Participatory or rural appraisal (PRA) is a way of enabling local people to analyze their living conditions to share the outcomes and to plan their activities.
2. We believed that communities can analyze and make decisions by themselves. 2.2. XIX . A lot of ratio study is also used to interpret the findings. We facilitated but not directed and or\imposed learning literacy. Approximately 25 household heads were drawn from the village. Our group members also captured a lot of pictures which is also a part of observation and used to describe the actual scenario of the PARA. The respondents: Residing in the particular household was interviewed. Sanitation.4 Observation We have also used observation method when surveying PARA. we tried to use observation method. The results are then calculated by plotting them in tables and analyzed through pie charts and bar graphs. water sources.2 Attitude Followed for PRA • • • • We were willing to learn from facilitators. For environmental effect. Sample size: was designed so as to consist 25 household heads. We were assigned with a set of questionnaire with a sample size of 25.3 Quantitative Survey through Questionnaire Along with the PRA to crosscheck and pinpoint few terms and facts in numeric and statistics form the questionnaire survey is done. We gave respect to communities. The respondents were selected using the following methods: • • • • The study area: “Govindapur” Para was selected by RDA.
Personal and Group Interviews Questionnaire Survey Statistical Tools for Data Analysis Variables Demographic Condition Social Condition Economic Condition Environmental Condition Health Condition Data Data Analysis and Processing Report XX .2.5 Flowchart of Methodology PRA Qualitative • • • • • • Transect Walk Para Map Village Map Timeline Analysis Social Map Seasonal Calendar Quantitative Participant observation.
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