Harry Potter - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia


Harry Potter
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Harry Potter is a series of seven fantasy novels written by the British author J. K. Rowling. The books chronicle the adventures of the adolescent wizard Harry Potter and his best friends Ron Weasley and Hermione Granger, all of whom are students at Hogwarts School of Witchcraft and Wizardry. The main story arc concerns Harry's quest to overcome the evil wizard Lord Voldemort, whose aim is to conquer the wizarding world and subjugate non-magical people, and who seeks to destroy all those who stand in his way, such as Harry's parents. Since the 30 June 1997 release of the first novel Harry Potter and the Philosopher's Stone, (retitled Harry Potter and the Sorcerer's Stone in the United States) the books have gained immense popularity, critical acclaim and commercial success worldwide.[1] The series has also had some share of criticism, including concern for the increasingly dark tone. As of June 2008, the book series has sold more than 400 million copies and has been translated into 67 languages,[2][3] and the last four books have consecutively set records as the fastestselling books in history. A series of many genres, including fantasy and coming of age (with elements of mystery, thriller, and romance), it has many cultural meanings and references.[4][5][6][7] According to Rowling, the main theme is death,[8] although it is primarily considered to be a work of children's literature. There are also many other themes in the series, such as love and prejudice.[9]

Harry Potter

Complete set of the seven books of the Harry Potter series. Harry Potter and the Philosopher's Stone Harry Potter and the Chamber of Secrets Harry Potter and the Prisoner of Azkaban Harry Potter and the Goblet of Fire Harry Potter and the Order of the Phoenix Harry Potter and the Half-Blood Prince Harry Potter and the Deathly Hallows Author Country J. K. Rowling United Kingdom

Language English Genre Fantasy, young-adult fiction, mystery,

thriller, Bildungsroman, coming of age English-language versions of the books are published by Bloomsbury in the United Kingdom, Scholastic Press in the Publisher Bloomsbury Publishing (UK) United States, Allen & Unwin in Australia, and Raincoast Arthur A. Levine Books (US) Books in Canada. Through 2010, the first six books have Raincoast Books (CAN) been made into films by Warner Brothers; it is the highest Published 29 June 1997 – 21 July 2007 grossing film series of all time. The seventh book has been made into two films which are planned to be released nearly Media type Print (hardcover and paperback) eight months apart: Part I was released 19 November 2010 Audiobook and the series finale is currently scheduled for release on 15 July 2011.[10] The series also originated much tie-in merchandise, making the Harry Potter brand worth in excess of $15 billion.[11]

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Harry Potter - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia


1 Plot 1.1 Wizarding world 1.2 Voldemort returns 1.3 Supplementary works 2 Structure and genre 3 Themes 4 Origins and publishing history 4.1 Translations 4.2 Completion of the series 5 Achievements 5.1 Cultural impact 5.2 Awards and honours 5.3 Commercial success 6 Reception and controversy 6.1 Literary criticism 6.2 Social impacts 6.3 Controversies 7 Audiobooks 8 Films 9 Games 10 Theme park expansion 11 References 12 Further reading 13 External links

Further information: Harry Potter universe The novels revolve around Harry Potter, an orphan who discovers at the age of eleven that he is a wizard, living within the ordinary world of non-magical or Muggle people.[12] Wizard ability is inborn, but magical children like Harry are invited to attend wizarding school to learn the magical skills necessary to succeed in the wizarding world.[13] Harry becomes a student at Hogwarts School of Witchcraft and Wizardry, and it is here that most of the events of the novels take place, as Harry develops through his adolescence, learning to overcome the problems that face him, magical, social and emotional, including ordinary teenage challenges such as friendships and exams, and the greater challenge of preparing himself for the confrontation that lies ahead.[14]

Coat of arms of Hogwarts with Motto.

Each book chronicles one year in Harry's life[15] with the main narrative being set in the years 1991–98[16][17] The books also contain many flashbacks, with a significant number being from the year 1976 when Harry's parents were in their fifth year at Hogwarts. Other memories date from various determinable and undeterminable periods after 1945, although little reference is made to historic features or

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the free encyclopedia http://en. Wizarding world When the story of Harry Potter opens. which begins attacking students at Hogwarts.[18] For reasons not immediately revealed.wikipedia. the wizard Albus Dumbledore. a gifted and hard working witch of non-magical parentage.Harry Potter . Also. this rare ability is often equated with the dark arts. the language of snakes. While the fantasy world of Narnia is an alternative universe and the Lord of the Rings’ Middle-earth a mythic past. In the first book Harry discovers that as a baby he witnessed his parents' murder by the power-obsessed dark wizard.[18] The world J. Harry survives with only a lightning-shaped mark on his forehead as a memento of the attack. yearns to gain the power of the Philosopher's Stone. the spell with which Voldemort tried to kill Harry rebounded. large. the reader is introduced to many of the primary locations used throughout the series. Harry becomes a living legend in the wizard world. begins near Harry's 11th birthday.[18] The series continues with Harry Potter and the Chamber of Secrets describing Harry's second year at Hogwarts. Ginny Weasley.[19] It comprises a fragmented collection of hidden streets. happy. The plot concludes with Harry's second confrontation with Lord Voldemort. The only specific date given in the series is in the last book.org/wiki/Harry_Potter events of any period. Harry meets most of the main characters and gains his two closest friends: Ron Weasley.[18] The first novel in the series. unleashing an ancient monster within. The third novel. through the series. As its inadvertent saviour from Voldemort's reign of terror. the Wizarding world of Harry Potter exists alongside that of the real world and contains magical elements similar to things in the non-magical world. it is clear that some remarkable event has taken place in the wizarding world. K. Ginny becomes possessed by Voldemort through the diary and opens the "Chamber of Secrets". an event so very remarkable that even the Muggles notice signs of it. Half-giant Rubeus Hagrid reveals Harry's history and introduces him to the wizarding world. The full background to the stories and to the person of Harry Potter is only revealed gradually.Wikipedia. for the first time. and he learns that Voldemort's reign of terror was often directed at wizards who were descended from Muggles. Rowling created is both completely separate from and yet intimately connected to the real world. follows Harry in his third year of magical 3 of 25 4/22/2011 3:00 PM . to Harry Potter and the Sorcerer's Stone). lonely country manors and secluded castles that remain invisible to the non-magical population of Muggles. who keep him safe but completely ignorant of his true heritage. He and his friends investigate a 50-year-old mystery that appears tied to recent sinister events at the school. Lord Voldemort. but hard-up wizarding family. As Harry begins to explore the magical world. Harry is also shocked to learn that he can speak Parseltongue. such as London. However.[13] With Hagrid's help. The novel delves into the history of Hogwarts and a legend revolving around the Chamber. and Hermione Granger. Harry Potter and the Prisoner of Azkaban. James and Lily Potter. and identifies their death as taking place in 1981. The concept of storing part of one's soul inside of an object in order to prevent death is officially introduced in the sixth novel under the term "horcrux". on the grave of Harry's parents. the orphaned Harry is placed in the home of his unpleasant Muggle (non-wizard) relatives (The Dursleys). Harry Potter and the Philosopher's Stone (changed in the U.S. who displays a deep and abiding dislike for him. by destroying a Basilisk and the diary. Harry prepares for and undertakes his first year of study at Hogwarts. who then attempted to kill him also. Severus Snape. The novel ends after Harry saves the life of Ginny Weasley.[18][20] Harry also encounters the school's potions master. in which Voldemort saved a piece of his soul (although Harry does not realise this until later in the series). Harry realises that racial prejudice exists in the wizarding world. enrols in her first year at Hogwarts. a fun-loving member of an ancient. who in his quest for immortality. Ron's younger sister. Many of its institutions and locations are in places that are recognizable in the real world. overlooked and ancient pubs. and brings with her a notebook which turns out to be Voldemort's school-time diary. at the orders of his patron. and Voldemort disappears.

Instead. Harry must Edinburgh in which Rowling wrote confront the newly resurfaced Voldemort.Wikipedia.[24] Harry forms a secret study group to teach his classmates the higher-level skills of Defence Against the Dark Arts that he has learned. "The Elephant House" – A Café in In the fifth book. Sirius Black. Harry learns that both Lupin and Black were close friends of his father and that Black was framed by their fourth friend. none of whom lasts more than one school year.wikipedia. who are in their sixth year. the loyalties of some characters are not so obvious. The novel ends with the death of Cedric Diggory. Peter Pettigrew. he reaches out to Remus Lupin. and members of the Weasley family. including Remus Lupin. and Voldemort's resurgence. who along with Harry is the most prominent voice in the Wizarding World attempting to warn of the Dark Lord's return. It is the only book in the series which does not feature Voldemort. the Ministry of Magic and many others in the magical world refuse to believe that Voldemort has returned. In response to Voldemort's the first part of Harry Potter reappearance. the Ministry appoints Dolores Umbridge as the High Inquisitor of Hogwarts. the protagonists. but also some surprising members. The timely arrival of members of the Order of the Phoenix saves the children's lives and allows many of the Death Eaters to be captured and imprisoned. Lupin teaches Harry defensive measures which are well above the level of magic generally shown by people his age.one of Voldemort's supporters in disguise. who include the rich and arrogant Malfoy family.[23]Harry is guided through the tournament by Professor Alastor "Mad-Eye" Moody. The whole event turns out to be a conspiracy to bring Voldemort back to power. Dumbledore re-activates the Order of the Phoenix. As Harry struggles with his reaction to the dementors—dark creatures with the power to devour a human soul—which are ostensibly protecting the school. An important prophecy concerning Harry and Voldemort is revealed. an airy young witch with a tendency to believe in oddball conspiracy theories. In the novel's climax. an escaped murderer believed to have assisted in the deaths of Harry's parents. The novel introduces Harry to Luna Lovegood. a dangerous contest with witches and wizards of visiting schools. another recurring theme throughout the series is emphasised—in every book there is a new Defence Against the Dark Arts teacher.[21] In this book. Voldemort returns During Harry's fourth year of school (detailed in Harry Potter and the Goblet of Fire) Harry is unwillingly-entered as a participant in the Triwizard Tournament.[24] In an attempt to counter and eventually discredit Dumbledore. The Order includes many of the adults Harry trusts. She transforms the school by a dictatorial regime and refuses to allow the students to learn ways to defend themselves against dark magic. Harry Potter and the Order of the Phoenix. why.org/wiki/Harry_Potter education. The point at which the mystery is unraveled marks the series' shift from foreboding and uncertainty into open conflict.[24] In Harry Potter and the Half-Blood Prince. more importantly. especially Harry.Harry Potter . the free encyclopedia http://en. a secret society which works from Sirius Black's dark family home to defeat Voldemort's minions and protect Voldemort's targets.[25] and Harry discovers that he and Voldemort have a painful connection. a Defence Against the Dark Arts teacher with a dark secret. allowing Harry to view some of Voldemort's actions telepathically. have passed their 4 of 25 4/22/2011 3:00 PM . Despite Harry's description of Voldemort's recent activities.[22] Harry attempts to discover who entered him in the tournament and. one of Harry's opponents in the tournament. it is implied that the job has actually been jinxed. Harry must deal with the knowledge that he has been targeted by Sirius Black. Harry and his school friends face off against Voldemort's Death Eaters. In the sixth book. who turns out to be an impostor .

again. and romance. attempts to attack Dumbledore. Voldemort is leading another wizarding war. These reveal that Voldemort's soul is splintered into a series of horcruxes. Rowling composed seven handwritten copies of The Tales of Beedle the Bard. he eventually learns to mistrust the anonymous writer's spells. St. Proceeds from the sale of these two books benefitted the charity Comic Relief. While the shortcuts written in the book help Harry to excel at potions. Voldemort has completed his ascension to power and gains control of the Ministry of Magic. In an effort to save the survivors. one of which was auctioned to raise money for the Children's High Level Group. as well as Snape's true motives.Harry Potter . With the last horcrux destroyed. he stumbles upon an old potions textbook filled with annotations and recommendations signed by a mysterious writer. Harry. the Half-Blood Prince.[33] and contain elements of mystery. however. they are forced to isolate themselves.org/wiki/Harry_Potter OWLs and start on their specialist NEWT courses. the trio learn details about Dumbledore's past. residents of the nearby village Hogsmeade and other magical creatures arrive to reinforce the Order of the Phoenix. resulting in Voldemort's death. At the beginning of the novel. Harry surrenders himself but the battle resumes as the parents of many Hogwarts students. and Frank Richards's Billy Bunter novels: the Harry Potter books are 5 of 25 4/22/2011 3:00 PM .[26] Harry's snobbish adversary. his Death Eaters. Harry Potter and the Deathly Hallows. which includes Enid Blyton's Malory Towers. K. Harry also takes private tutoring with Albus Dumbledore. Although Harry and friends are relatively protected from that danger at Hogwarts. which has become so violent that even Muggles have noticed some of its effects. Draco Malfoy. Ron. by a rebounding spell (the complications of which are described in depth near the end of the novel). Rowling: Philanthropy Rowling has expanded the Harry Potter universe with several short books produced for various charities. they are subject to all the difficulties of adolescence.wikipedia. evil enchanted items hidden in various locations. Several major characters are killed in the first wave of the battle and Voldemort resumes his intention to kill Harry. Harry. begins directly after the events of the sixth book. a fund for mentally disabled children in poor countries. she released Fantastic Beasts and Where to Find Them (a purported Hogwarts textbook) and Quidditch Through the Ages (a book Harry read for fun). Ron. and Hermione. As they search for the horcruxes. The book was published internationally on 4 December 2008[30][31] Rowling also wrote an 800-word prequel in 2008 as part of a fundraiser organised by the bookseller Waterstones. and various magical creatures. thriller. in conjunction with members of the Order of the Phoenix and many of the teachers and students. An epilogue describes the lives of the surviving characters and the effects on the wizarding world. and Hermione drop out of school so that they can find and destroy Voldemort's remaining horcruxes. the free encyclopedia http://en.[27][28] In 2001. Harry offers the Dark Lord a chance at remorse. in many respects they are also bildungsromans.[29] In 2007. defend Hogwarts from Voldemort. who shows him various memories concerning the early life of Voldemort. To ensure their own safety as well as that of their family and friends.[32] Structure and genre See also: Harry Potter influences and analogues The Harry Potter novels fall within the genre of fantasy literature. the last book in the series. The book culminates in the Battle of Hogwarts. but Voldemort ignores this and attempts to kill Harry one final time. They can be considered part of the British children's boarding school genre. Supplementary works See also: J. Clare's and the Naughtiest Girl series. or coming of age novels. Harry finally faces Voldemort. and the book culminates in the killing of Dumbledore by Professor Snape. a collection of fairy tales that is featured in the final novel.Wikipedia.

oppression. a fictional British boarding school for wizards. and overcoming imposing odds have all been considered as prevalent throughout the series. the moral significance of the tales seems "blindingly obvious". K. the theme of making one's way through adolescence and "going over one's most harrowing ordeals—and thus coming to terms with them" has also been considered. with people being apathetic and taking the easy route and suddenly finding themselves in deep trouble. and Harry must confront either Voldemort or one of his followers. We're all frightened of it. such as power/abuse of power. a prolonged plea for an end to bigotry" and that also pass on a message to "question authority and. as she put it. he learns important lessons through exposition and discussions with head teacher and mentor Albus Dumbledore."[45] 6 of 25 4/22/2011 3:00 PM . by one or more characters being killed in each of the final four books.[44] Rowling said that. In the middle of each book. in the words of Stephen King.[38] Completing the bildungsroman format.[40] Themes According to Rowling..[43] While the books could be said to comprise many other themes.[9] Along the same lines is the ever-present theme of adolescence. a major theme in the series is death: "My books are largely about death. "deeply entrenched in the whole plot". the stories reach their climax in the summer term. and free choice. when events escalate far beyond in-school squabbles and struggles.[34] However. the goal of anyone with magic.org/wiki/Harry_Potter predominantly set in Hogwarts. losing the chance of a last year as a pupil in a school and needing to act as an adult. In the final novel. rather than sitting down and consciously attempting to impart such ideas to her readers. love. where the curriculum includes the use of magic. in this part Harry must grow up prematurely. Harry and his friends spend most of their time away from Hogwarts. as J. being disciplinary punishments set out in the Hogwarts regulations (in which the Harry Potter books follow many precedents in the boarding school sub-genre).wikipedia. with the stakes a matter of life and death–a point underlined. and dealing with them often involves the need to violate some school rules—the penalties.[34] In this sense they are "in a direct line of descent from Thomas Hughes's Tom Brown's School Days and other Victorian and Edwardian novels of British public school life". prejudice. in whose depiction Rowling has been purposeful in acknowledging her characters' sexualities and not leaving Harry. Rowling states. "stuck in a state of permanent pre-pubescence".[41] Similarly. Themes such as normality. as the series progresses. the writer prefers to let themes "grow organically".[42] Rowling has stated that the books comprise "a prolonged argument for tolerance. The stories are told from a third person limited point of view with very few exceptions (such as the opening chapters of Philosopher's Stone and Deathly Hallows and the first two chapters of Half-Blood Prince).[37] and each book is constructed in the manner of a Sherlock Holmes-style mystery adventure. "shrewd mystery tales". the Death Eaters.. on whose decisions everybody else depends—the grown-ups included. survival. the free encyclopedia http://en. Harry Potter and the Deathly Hallows. "because that .Wikipedia. and some including political subtexts.. is how tyranny is started.[35][36] They are also. Harry struggles with the problems he encounters. [38][39] In the aftermath. The key for her was the choice between what is right and what is easy. I so understand why Voldemort wants to conquer death. to her. There is Voldemort's obsession with conquering death and his quest for immortality at any price.. They open with the death of Harry's parents. near or just after final exams.Harry Potter . not assume that the establishment or the press tells you all of the truth". in case of being caught out. some more complex than others. and only return there to face Voldemort at the dénouement. they are."[8] Academics and journalists have developed many other interpretations of themes in the books.

[54] Fearing that American readers would not associate the word "philosopher" with a magical theme (although the Philosopher's Stone is alchemy-related). breaking down to 2. K. was published 21 July 2007.Harry Potter .[61] The book sold 11 million copies in the first 24 hours of release. books. Harry Potter and the Prisoner of Azkaban was then published a year later in the UK on 8 July 1999 and in the US on 8 September 1999. and this scrawny. Rowling gives an account of the experience on her website saying:[46] "I had been writing almost continuously since the age of six but I had never been so excited about an idea before. Rowling was on a crowded train from Manchester to London when the idea for Harry suddenly "fell into her head".7 million copies in the UK and 8.[48][49] Despite Rowling's statement that she did not have any particular age group in mind when beginning to write the Harry Potter The novelist.000 for the American rights—an unprecedented amount for a children's book by a then-unknown author. Rowling. and it sold 9 million copies in the first 24 hours of its worldwide release. the publishers initially targeted children aged nine to eleven. After eight other publishers had rejected Philosopher's Stone. bespectacled boy who did not know he was a wizard became more and more real to me.[49][51] Harry Potter and the Philosopher's Stone was published by Bloomsbury. K.[62] Translations Main article: Harry Potter in translation 7 of 25 4/22/2011 3:00 PM . J. The second book.[50] On the eve of publishing. Rowling was asked by her publishers to adopt a more gender-neutral pen name in order to appeal to the male members of this age group. the free encyclopedia http://en." Rowling completed Harry Potter and the Philosopher's Stone in 1995 and the manuscript was sent off to several prospective agents.[47] The second agent she tried. for four (delayed train) hours. black-haired.[59][60] The seventh and final novel.wikipedia. fearing that they would not be interested in reading a novel they knew to be written by a woman. J. Harry Potter and the Deathly Hallows.500 advance for its publication.org/wiki/Harry_Potter Origins and publishing history In 1990. I simply sat and thought. using her grandmother's name as her second name because she has no middle name.[52] It was released in the United States on 1 September 1998 by Scholastic—the American publisher of the books—as Harry Potter and the Sorcerer's Stone. Harry Potter and the Chamber of Secrets was originally published in the UK on 2 July 1998 and in the US on 2 June 1999.[56] Harry Potter and the Order of the Phoenix is the longest book in the series at 766 pages in the UK version and 870 pages in the US version. Scholastic insisted that the book be given the title Harry Potter and the Sorcerer's Stone for the American market. and all the details bubbled up in my brain. Christopher Little.[57] It was published worldwide in English on 21 June 2003.[53] after Rowling had received US$105. Rowling (Joanne Kathleen Rowling).[55] Harry Potter and the Goblet of Fire was published on 8 July 2000 at the same time by Bloomsbury and Scholastic.3 million in the US. She elected to use J. K. offered to represent her and sent the manuscript to Bloomsbury.[58] Harry Potter and the Half-Blood Prince was published on 16 July 2005. Bloomsbury offered Rowling a £2. the publisher of all Harry Potter books in the United Kingdom. on 30 June 1997.Wikipedia.

Latvian and Vietnamese. the epilogue) was completed "in something like 1990". Rowling stated on her web site. Edinburgh.Harry Potter . This has led to more and more copies of the English editions being sold to impatient fans in non-English speaking countries. the free encyclopedia http://en. Rowling finished writing Harry Potter and the Deathly Hallows in this room (652) on 11 January 2007. On 28 March 2007. thus there is a lag of several months before the translations are available. K.[65] making it the longest published work in Ancient Greek since the novels of Heliodorus of Emesa in the 3rd century AD. It read: "J. translation can only start when the books are released in English. 8 of 25 4/22/2011 3:00 PM . where she scrawled a message on the back of a bust of Hermes.[66] Some of the translators hired to work on the books were well-known authors before their work on Harry Potter.[69] Completion of the series In December 2005. Hindi."[70] Updates then followed in her online diary chronicling the progress of Harry Potter and the Deathly Hallows. The Turkish translation of books two to seven was undertaken by Sevin Okyay. Welsh. such as Viktor Golyshev. Afrikaans. on an appearance on the British talk show Richard & Judy. see Harry Potter fandom. Such was the clamour to read the fifth book that its English language edition became the first English-language book ever to top the bestseller list in France. The book itself was finished on 11 January 2007 in the Balmoral Hotel.org/wiki/Harry_Potter The series has been translated into 67 languages.Wikipedia. Rowling. the cover art for the Bloomsbury Adult and Child versions and the Scholastic version were released. with the release date of 21 July 2007. "2006 will be the year when I write the final book in the Harry Potter series.[72][73] In June 2006.wikipedia. a popular literary critic and cultural commentator. as many words and concepts used by the characters in the novels may have not been understood by a young American audience. The first volume has been translated into Latin and even Ancient Greek.[67] For reasons of secrecy. Arabic.[68] The United States editions of the Harry Potter novels have required the adaptation of the texts into American English.[2][63] placing Rowling among the most translated authors in history.[64] The books have seen translations to diverse languages such as Ukrainian. Urdu. announced that the chapter had been modified as one character "got a reprieve" and two others who previously survived the story had in fact been killed."[71] Rowling herself has stated that the last chapter of the final book (in fact. Bengali.[74][75] Achievements Cultural impact For more details on this topic. who oversaw the Russian translation of the series' fifth book.

[94][95] However.[80] The Harry Potter fandom has embraced podcasts as a regular. and fansites. place in the top 30. Harry Potter and the Deathly Hallows of Harry Potter and the Half-Blood Prince. while all six films released. In 2000. Delaware for the midnight release The final book in the series. ranking number seven on the inflationunadjusted list of all-time highest grossing films and three others ranking in the top 15. as of 2005. Both MuggleCast and PotterCast[81] have reached the top spot of iTunes podcast rankings and have been polled one of the top 50 favourite podcasts.[87] among others. her publishers. face painting. games. podcasts.[86] the WHSmith book of the year (2006).org/wiki/Harry_Potter Fans of the series were so eager for the latest instalment that bookstores around the world began holding events to coincide with the midnight release of the books.wikipedia. and other Harry Potter related license holders. beginning with the 2000 publication of Harry Potter and the Goblet of Fire. Harry Potter and the Goblet of Fire won said award.[91] The books have sold more than 400 million copies worldwide and have also given rise to the popular film adaptations produced by Warner Bros.8 million initial print copies of Harry Crowds wait outside a Borders store in Potter and the Half-Blood Prince sold in the first 24 hours. becoming one of few pop culture words to land in the Oxford English Dictionary.[84] two Scottish Arts Council Book Awards (1999 and 2001).[90] Commercial success See also: List of best-selling books The popularity of the Harry Potter series has translated into substantial financial success for Rowling.[78] The series has also gathered adult fans. and best books lists of the American Library Association.Wikipedia. made the Harry Potter brand worth US$4 billion and J. Harry Potter super-fans can also meet at Harry Potter symposia. often weekly.Harry Potter . and other live entertainment have achieved popularity with Potter fans and have been highly successful in attracting fans and selling books with nearly nine million of the 10. the free encyclopedia http://en.. Harry Potter and the Prisoner of Azkaban was nominated for Best Novel in the Hugo Awards while in 2001.[96] 9 of 25 4/22/2011 3:00 PM . identical in text but with one edition's cover artwork aimed at children and the other aimed at adults. by some reports. The New York Times.[76][77] Newark. leading to the release of two editions of each Harry Potter book. insight to the latest discussion in the fandom. This success has made Rowling the first and thus far only billionaire author. all of which have been highly successful in their own right with the first.[89] a short listing for the Guardian Children's Award (1998). K.[82] Awards and honours The Harry Potter series have been the recipients of a host of awards since the initial publication of Philosopher's Stone including four Whitaker Platinum Book Awards (all of which were awarded in 2001). Rowling has stated that this is false.[88] Honours include a commendation for the Carnegie Medal (1997).[85] the inaugural Whitbread children's book of the year award (1999). moving 11 million units in the first twenty-four hours of release . and numerous listings on the notable books. and Publishers Weekly.[3][92] The films have in turn spawned eight video games and have led to the licensing of more than 400 additional Harry Potter products (including an iPod) that have. Chicago Public Library. Rowling worth $1 billion[93] making her. richer than Queen Elizabeth II. became the fastest selling book in history. commonly featuring mock sorting. editors' Choices.[83] three Nestlé Smarties Book Prizes (1997–1999).[79] Besides meeting online through blogs. so far. The word Muggle has spread beyond its Harry Potter origins. Harry Potter and the Philosopher's Stone. The events.

with more than one comparing it to Roald Dahl's work: The Mail on Sunday rated it as "the most imaginative debut since Roald Dahl". the free encyclopedia http://en. which was then shattered by Half-Blood Prince with 10.wikipedia.8 million copies. the first volume. ungrammatical prose style".000 copies pre-ordered through its site. good fare for its age group. reality TV and celebrity gossip". attracted attention from the Scottish newspapers.[97] On 12 April 2007. the books began to receive strong criticism from a number of literary scholars. this time.[99] In the United States. Rowling is more of an adult writer. By 24 June 2000.S. the first three novels were each on the hardcover bestseller list. Amazon.[105] Michael Rosen. Byatt authored a New York Times op-ed article calling Rowling's universe a "secondary world. By the time of the release of the fifth volume.[102] Reception and controversy Literary criticism Early in its history.[103] while The Guardian called it "a richly textured novel given lift-off by an inventive wit". such as The Scotsman. Harry Potter and the Order of the Phoenix.[99] This record statistic was broken by Harry Potter and the Order of the Phoenix. not threatening) mirror-worlds of soaps. which called it "Magic stuff". dispiritingly nostalgic for a bygone Britain".Harry Potter .S. print run for Deathly Hallows was 12 million copies. written for people whose imaginative lives are confined to TV cartoons. "I have no great opinion of it. within the first 24 hours of its release. Rosen also stated that "J. made up of patchworked derivative motifs from all sorts of children's literature . and ethically rather 10 of 25 4/22/2011 3:00 PM . Yale professor.8 million copies. with more than 500. highly derivative. Harry Potter and the Philosopher's Stone. His overall view of the series was negative—"the Potter saga was essentially patronising. it seemed a lively kid's fantasy crossed with a "school novel".[103] a view echoed by The Sunday Times ("comparisons to Dahl are."[106] The critic Anthony Holden wrote in The Observer on his experience of judging Harry Potter and the Prisoner of Azkaban for the 1999 Whitbread Awards.[100] 6. 9. I read it to find out what the fuss was about. conservative. "Rowling's mind is so governed by clichés and dead metaphors that she has no other style of writing. Harry Potter received positive reviews.[103] British editions of the seven Harry Potter books.9 million copies of Prince were sold in the U. and the exaggerated (more exciting.000 FedEx trucks were used with no other purpose than to deliver the book. who would be unable to grasp the complex themes. When so many adult critics were carrying on about the 'incredible originality' of the first Harry Potter book.[107] Ursula Le Guin said.[103] Soon the English newspapers joined in. justified"). literary scholar and critic Harold Bloom raised criticisms of the books' literary merits.[103] and The Glasgow Herald. and remained somewhat puzzled. Barnes & Noble declared that Deathly Hallows had broken its pre-order record. On publication.com and Barnes & Noble pre-sold more than 700. with 8. and he speaks of "pedestrian.Wikipedia.5 million. imaginatively derivative. advocated the books were not suited for children.org/wiki/Harry_Potter The great demand for Harry Potter books motivated the New York Times to create a separate bestseller list for children's literature in 2000. but stylistically ordinary. K. and more than a million were pre-ordered through Amazon and Barnes & Noble."[104] A.[101] The initial U..[98] For the release of Goblet of Fire. in the United Kingdom more than two million copies were sold on the first day.. S. the book's initial printing run was 3. a novelist and poet. saying.000 copies of the book. Rowling's novels had been on the list for 79 straight weeks. which said it had "all the makings of a classic". just before the release of Harry Potter and the Goblet of Fire.[99] Together.

Frodo. and social theory".195 pages. Taylor also argued that Philosopher's Stone. useful prose". society.. While he conceded that she may have "a valid cultural point—a teeny one—about the impulses that drive us to reassuring pop trash and away from the troubling complexities of art". to weep—openly. moral. However. We have lived through a decade in which we have followed the publication of the liveliest. and that the straightforward "good vs."[108] By contrast.[113] Social impacts Although Time magazine named Rowling as a runner-up for its 2007 Person of the Year award. J.wikipedia. it is readable. noting the social. and political inspiration she has given her fandom.[109] The literary critic A. disrupts the childhood reassurances that Byatt claims spur the series' success: the book opens with news of a double murder.[111] took issue with Byatt's criticisms in particular. the cultural and marketing "hysteria" marked by the publication of the later books "trains children and adults to expect the roar of the coliseum.[116] Agreeing about the motivating effects. evil" theme of the series is "childish".com. and over 375 million copies. K. Wilson praised the Harry Potter series in The Times. I think Harry will take his place with Alice. "but this is not poetry. shown by the murder of a classmate and close friend and the psychological wounds and social isolation each causes.[115] Librarian Nancy Knapp pointed out the books' potential to improve literacy by motivating children to read much more than they otherwise would. and declared "Rowling's punning.Harry Potter . Washington Post book critic Ron Charles opined in July 2007 that the large numbers of adults reading the Potter series but few other books may represent a "bad case of cultural infantilism". he wrote that despite the story being "a good one". the free encyclopedia http://en. the formulaic beginning of all seven books.[112] he rejected her claims that the series is lacking in serious literary merit and that it owes its success merely to the childhood reassurances it offers.[118] and Joyce Fields wrote that the books illustrate four of the five main topics in a typical first-year sociology class: "sociological concepts including culture. He also argued "through no fault of Rowling's".[114] cultural comments on the series have been mixed.[110] Charles Taylor of Salon. Diane Penrod also praised the books' blending of simple entertainment with "the qualities of highbrow literary fiction".[37] King has also joked that "Rowling's never met an adverb she did not like!" He does however predict that Harry Potter "will indeed stand time's test and wind up on a shelf where only the best are kept. and socialisation. stating: "There are not many writers who have JK’s Dickensian ability to make us turn the pages.. and Dorothy and this is one series not just for the decade. at invariably good jokes . after 10 years. said to be the most lighthearted of the seven published books. saleable. with tears splashing—and a few pages later to laugh.. author Fay Weldon. stratification and social inequality. nevertheless goes on to say. scariest and most moving children’s stories ever written".Wikipedia. funniest.[117] Jennifer Conn used Snape's and Quidditch coach Madam Hooch's teaching methods as examples of what to avoid and what to emulate in clinical teaching. who is primarily a movie critic. but for the ages".[119] Jenny Sawyer wrote in 25 July 2007 Christian Science Monitor that the books represent a "disturbing trend in commercial storytelling and Western society" in that stories "moral center have all but vanished from much of today's pop culture . Rowling's towering 11 of 25 4/22/2011 3:00 PM . Huck.. one-eyebrow-cocked sense of humour" to be "remarkable". 4. everyday. while admitting that the series is "not what the poets hoped for". but expressed concern about the distracting effect of the prolific merchandising that accompanies the book launches. N. a mass-media experience that no other novel can possibly provide". he is "a little tired of discovering Harry at home with his horrible aunt and uncle". for example. Taylor stressed the progressively darker tone of the books. social institutions.org/wiki/Harry_Potter mean-spirited.[112] Stephen King called the series "a feat of which only a superior imagination is capable".

neither faces a "moral struggle" nor undergoes any ethical growth. and film distributor Warner Bros.[131] In 1999 the winner of the Whitbread Book of the Year Award children's division was entered for the first time on the shortlist for the main award. and one judge threatened to resign if Harry Potter and the Prisoner of Azkaban was declared the overall winner. magical ability potential is "something you are born to. and is thus "no guide in circumstances in which right and wrong are anything less than black and white".[128][129] The books also aroused controversies in the literary and publishing worlds. and which the power-hungry Voldemort fails to understand. and removed the Harry Potter books from the section for individual books. it finished second. Christopher Hitchens praised Rowling for "unmooring" her "English school story" from literary precedents "bound up with dreams of wealth and class and snobbery". very close behind the winner of the poetry prize. Suellentrop wrote that Dumbledore's maxim that "It is our choices that show what we truly are.org/wiki/Harry_Potter achievement lacks the cornerstone of almost all great children's literature: the hero's moral journey". the previous three Harry Potter books topped the New York Times fiction best-seller list and a third of the entries were children's books. and his encounter with the Sorting Hat as the first of many in which Harry is shaped by the choices he makes.[123] Controversies Main articles: Legal disputes over the Harry Potter series. on the same principle. Seamus Heaney's translation of the Anglo-Saxon epic Beowulf. far more than our abilities" is hypocritical. The move was supported by publishers and booksellers. Billboard should have created a 12 of 25 4/22/2011 3:00 PM .[122] In a 12 August 2007 New York Times review of The Deathly Hallows. which have included banning the sale of Harry Potter imitations. Chris Suellentrop likened Potter to a "trust-fund kid whose success at school is largely attributable to the gifts his friends and relatives lavish upon him". Religious debates over the Harry Potter series.[133] The split in 2000 attracted condemnation. and initially counting only hardback sales. and Politics of Harry Potter The books have been the subject of a number of legal proceedings. In 1997 to 1998 Harry Potter and the Philosopher's Stone won almost all the UK awards judged by children.[132] In 2004 The New York Times further split the children's list. however. to take legal measures to protect their copyright. The newspaper created a new children's section covering children's books. Noting that in Rowling's fiction. the free encyclopedia http://en. or from various conflicts over copyright and trademark infringements.[134] Time suggested that. Sawyer argues. targeting the owners of websites over the "Harry Potter" domain name. arguing that she had instead created "a world of youthful democracy and diversity". Harry Potter. her publishers.[131] In 2000.[127] while a number of critics have criticised the books for promoting various political agendas. but none of the children's book awards judged by adults.[124][125][126] Various religious conservatives have claimed that the books promote witchcraft and are therefore unsuitable for children.[121] In an 8 November 2002 Slate Magazine article. not something you can achieve". She also noted the "deeper magic" by which the self-sacrifice of Harry's mother protects the boy throughout the series. including both fiction and non-fiction.wikipedia. The popularity and high market value of the series has led Rowling.Harry Potter . as "the school that Dumbledore runs values native gifts above all else".[130] and Sandra Beckett suggested the reason was intellectual snobbery towards books that were popular among children.Wikipedia. which was still dominated by Harry Potter books into sections for series and individual books. and suing author Nancy Stouffer to counter her accusations that Rowling had plagiarised her work.[120] On the other hand Emily Griesinger described Harry's first passage through to Platform 9¾ as an application of faith and hope. stemming either from claims by American Christian groups that the magic in the books promotes witchcraft among children. shortly before the publication of Harry Potter and the Goblet of Fire. praise and some comments that presented both benefits and disadvantages of the move.

only acting as producer. Jonathan Demme. citing his work on other family films such as Home Alone and Mrs. with production ending in July 2001.[136][137] Rowling demanded the principal cast be kept strictly British. filming began in October 2000 at Leavesden Film Studios and in London itself. and Alan Parker were considered. Production began in January 2006 and the film was released the following year in July 2007. and for casting of French and Eastern Europe actors in Harry Potter and the Goblet of Fire where characters from the book are specified as such. the film was released on 4 June 2004. and Nielsen should have created a separate game-show list when Who Wants to Be a Millionaire? dominated the ratings. Rowling sold the film rights of the first four Harry Potter books to Warner Bros. with television director David Yates following suit after he was chosen to helm Harry Potter and the Order of the Phoenix.[144] After executives were extremely pleased with his work on the film.[139] After extensive casting.wikipedia.Wikipedia. Mexican director Alfonso Cuarón took over the job.Harry Potter .[142] Daniel Radcliffe portrayed Harry Potter. Due to the fourth film beginning its production before the third's release. for a reported £1 million ($1. which was released on 15 July 2009. Chris Columbus was appointed on 28 March 2000 as director for Harry Potter and the Philosopher's Stone (titled The locomotive that features as the "Harry Potter and the Sorcerer's Stone" in the United States). production for Harry Potter and the Chamber of Secrets. Doubtfire and proven experience with directing children as influences for their decision.982. Columbus declined to direct Harry Potter and the Prisoner of Azkaban.[145] [146][147][148] 13 of 25 4/22/2011 3:00 PM . Dale is also the narrator for the special features disc on the DVDs.[143] Newell became the first British director of the series.[138] After many directors including Steven Spielberg. began.[140][141] Philosopher's Stone was released on 14 November 2001. doing so for all succeeding films in the franchise. The UK versions are read by Stephen Fry and the US versions are read by Jim Dale.900). the free encyclopedia http://en. with "Hogwarts Express" in the film series. Just three days after the film's release. released on 18 November 2005. nonetheless allowing for the inclusion of Irish actors such as the late Richard Harris as Dumbledore. with the film being released on 15 November 2002. Yates was selected to helm Harry Potter and the Half-Blood Prince. Films Main article: Harry Potter (film series) In 1998. also directed by Columbus. Terry Gilliam. Warner Bros.org/wiki/Harry_Potter separate "mop-tops" list in 1964 when the Beatles held the top five places in its list.[135] Audiobooks The Harry Potter books have all been released on unabridged audiobook. and after shooting in 2003. Mike Newell was chosen as the director for Harry Potter and the Goblet of Fire. Filming was completed in summer 2002.

along with various other magical areas.[149][150] J. Harry Potter and the Deathly Hallows. with the final day of principal photography taking place on 12 June 2010. Production of both parts started in February 2009. The last game in the series. while Cuarón's Prisoner of Azkaban grossed the least. Warner Bros. Yates' first two instalments grossed higher than any other film after Philosopher's Stone.[152] As well as financial success.org/wiki/Harry_Potter In March 2008. but it was eventually topped by Yates' Deathly Hallows. The games are produced by Electronic Arts. Deathly Hallows. the free encyclopedia http://en.Wikipedia. playing an active role within the filmmaking process of Philosopher's Stone and serving as producer on the two-part Deathly Hallows. Actors Rupert Grint and Emma Watson.wikipedia. with the gameplay revolving around a third-person shooter style format. President and COO Alan F. who play protagonists Ron Weasley and Hermione Granger. Philosopher's Stone. Potter film upon completing its theatrical run in 2002. including DVD/board games such as Cluedo: Harry Potter Edition. was split with Part I released in November 2010 and Part II debuting on consoles in July 2011. Objectives usually occur in and around Hogwarts. EA worked closely with Warner Brothers to include scenes from the films. would be released in two cinematic parts: Part 1 on 19 November 2010 and Part 2 in July 2011. I can create dazzling effects relying on nothing but the interaction of my own and my readers’ imaginations". with one group preferring the more faithful approach of the first two films.[156][157][158][159] She wrote on her website of the changes in the book-to-film transition. alongside David Heyman and David Barron.[151] The Harry Potter films have been top-rank box office David Yates directs Daniel hits. The story and design of the games follows the selected film's characterisation and plot.[163][164] A number of other non-EA Harry Potter games have been released.[165][166] 14 of 25 4/22/2011 3:00 PM . containing scenery and details from the films as well as the tone and spirit of the books. The video games are released to coincide with the films. Columbus' Philosopher's Stone became the highest-grossing Hallows. Obviously films have restrictions novels do not have. and another group preferring the more stylised character-driven approach of the later films. K. with the game version of the first entry in the series. with all seven current releases on the list of highest-grossing films Radcliffe on location for Deathly worldwide. The two-part game forms the first entry to convey an intense theme of action and violence. Horn announced that the final instalment in the series.[153][154] Opinions of the films are generally divided among fans. Rowling was joined by producers David Heyman and David Barron along with directors David Yates. Scene It? Harry Potter and Lego Harry Potter which are influenced by the themes of both the novels and films.[160] At the 64th British Academy Film Awards in February 2011. Alfonso Cuarón and Mike Newell in collecting the Michael Balcon Award for Outstanding British Contribution to Cinema on behalf of all the films in the series.[161][162] Games There are eight Harry Potter video games which correspond with the films and books. David Yates returned to helm his third and fourth Potter films.Harry Potter . the film series has also been a success among film critics. constraints of time and budget. 2009. "It is simply impossible to incorporate every one of my storylines into a film that has to be kept under four hours long. were also in attendance. being released in November 2001. becoming the only director to have helmed more than one film since Columbus.[155] Rowling has been constantly supportive of all the films and evaluated Deathly Hallows Part 1 as her "favourite one" in the series. Rowling gained creative control on the film series.

[172] References 1. "J." The Lost Continent. dementors.uk/1/hi/entertainment/7649962.stm.. 4.ew. and the Whomping Willow. British Broadcasting Corporation.stm) . "The Last Chapter" (http://www. Retrieved 28 April 2009. Retrieved 15 October 2007.telegraph.com..co. promoted as the seventh themed "island" of the park.. heavily inspired by their appearances in the books and films: Honeydukes sells sweets. Retrieved 10 October 2006.[167] Guests enter the land through a recreation of the Hogsmeade station. seeing gains of as much as 36%. with a forced-perspective Hogwarts castle at the very end of the street.com/alltime/world/) .uk/1/hi/entertainment/7649962. K. Ollivander's offers personalized magic wands.[169] Other attractions include a twin high-speed rollercoaster named the Dragon Challenge. the new land "has seen capacity crowds [and] waits of up to two hours just to enter the . http://news.uk/2/hi/entertainment/2996578.com/Portals/0/images/pdf/TheLastChapter.accio-quote.00. merchandise shop.85524~5~0~. a renovation of the previously existing ride.org/wiki/Harry_Potter Theme park expansion After the success of the films and books.boxofficemojo.osv." Islands of Adventure saw a massive increase in attendance following the expansion. 7.bbc. Our Sunday Visitor. 2.cfm?id=80) .com/ew/article/0.[170] a period during which attendance to competitor resort Walt Disney World dropped slightly." a new Harry Potter-themed expansion to the Islands of Adventure theme park at Universal Orlando Resort in Florida.jkrowling. but ultimately turned down the opportunity.cfm?id=80. http://www.bbc.org/articles/2005/1205-bbc-fry.html) BBC Radio4.com/ew/article/0. 1998–2008.stm) .co. Marian (18 June 2003). Harry Potter & the Forbidden Journey.ew. "Harry Up!" (http://www.85524~5~0~. "'There would be so much to tell her. Stephen Living with Harry Potter (http://www..co.co.jkrowling. 6.. Flying Unicorn. the free encyclopedia http://en. Zonko's Joke Shop sells various items including Sneakoscopes.Wikipedia. Rowling at the Edinburgh Book Festival" (http://www. 3 October 2008. was built from land reserved for expansion outside of the park's original border.[171] Disney had itself entered negotiations for a Harry Potter-themed expansion.osv.pdf. 3.com/alltime/world/. ^ Fry. and the Three Broomsticks serves food and drink.bbc. and having close encounters with dragons. Jeff (2000). 5. "Potter's place in the literary canon" (http://news. Rowling. http://www.bbc.. ^ a b "All Time Worldwide Box Office Grosses" (http://www. with the land opening on 16 June 2010 for reserved guests. ^ J.pdf) . http://news.co. A soft opening was held at the end of March 2010. Developed at a cost of $265 million. The new land.com/textonly /en/news_view.html. including soaring over Hogwarts. Retrieved 20 September 2007.boxofficemojo. Box Office Mojo. ^ Allsobrook. ^ Nancy Carpentier Brown (2007). getting involved in a Quidditch match. K. http://www. http://www.00. ew.stm.uk /2/hi/entertainment/2996578. The castle contains the expansion's centerpiece attraction.Harry Potter . a renovation of the previously existing rollercoaster. most notably Butterbeer and pumpkin juice. LLC.com/Portals/0/images /pdf/TheLastChapter. such as chocolate frogs and Bertie Bott's Every-Flavour Beans. a KUKA arm attraction which takes passengers through many realistic scenes influenced by the movies and books. Retrieved 17 October 2008. Retrieved 29 July 2008. Universal and Warner Brothers announced they would create "The Wizarding World of Harry Potter. Dueling Dragons. and a family roller coaster called Flight of the Hippogriff.wikipedia. In addition to the three rides are several themed shops and restaurants. 10 December 2005.com/textonly/en/news_view.html) . BBC. as well as from much of the existing "island.'" (http://www.uk 15 of 25 4/22/2011 3:00 PM . The land officially opened to the public on 18 June 2010.[168] leading into the village of Hogsmeade. Dr. ^ a b Geordie Greig (11 January 2006). ^ a b "Rowling 'makes £5 every second'" (http://news.. ^ Jenson. 8.

usatoday. Retrieved 28 September 2008.telegraph.nytimes. http://www.org/web/20040104114558/http://www.com /1999/09/05/books/rowling-azkaban.com /2003/07/13/books/review/rowling-phoenix.org/articles/2003/0302newsround-mzimba.quick-quote-quill.co.ebookee.co. Retrieved 22 August 2008.html?pagewanted=2&ei=5070&en=6a7b0d89257dcebb&ex=1222747200) .htm) .southflorida. 20. http://www. 16. Rowling. ^ Rowling. Retrieved 15 May 2010.htm.jhtml?xml=/news/2006/01/10/nrowl110.com/life/books/news/2007-07-19-potter-books_N.htmaccess. http://www.com. Deepti (14 July 2005). ^ "WB Sets Lots of New Release Dates!" (http://www. Harry Potter and the Deathly Hallows.nytimes. "Review: Gladly drinking from Rowling's 'Goblet of Fire'" (http://edition. Gregory (5 September 1999). 19. http://www.ece. 22.org/web/20040104114558/http: //www.html?ex=1222747200&en=6a7b0d89257dcebb&ei=5070) .com/2000/07 /23/books/rowling-goblet. Quick Quotes Quill.ebookee. K.Wikipedia. Archived from the original (http://www. Rowling" (http://web.K.uk /news/main.khouse. Retrieved 7 September 2010.jkrowling. "Potter books: Wicked witchcraft?" (http://www. "Plot summaries for the first five Potter books" (http://www. Susan (2 April 2008). 12.jhtml?xml=/news/2006/01/10/nrowl110. London: Telegraph.uk/tol/business/movers_and_shakers/article3663197. 13. "Business big shot: Harry Potter author JK Rowling" (http://business. 10. ^ King. the free encyclopedia http://en. Bloomsbury. Comingsoon. http://edition.nytimes.nytimes.6711375.potter.uk/arts/main.html) .uk/1/hi/entertainment/arts/820551.uk/tol/business/movers_and_shakers/article3663197. 15 August 2004.nytimes. "The Harry Potter stories so far: A quick CliffsNotes review" (http://www. J. Retrieved 27 September 2008.comingsoon.co. Lana (2004). 24. 28 May 2004.story) on 15 May 2010. ^ The date is established by Nearly Headless Nick's deathday cake in Chamber of Secrets.khouse. SouthFlorida. http://www.org/articles/2003/0302-newsround-mzimba. ^ Maguire. ^ "J K Rowling at the Edinburgh Book Festival" (http://www.timesonline.com/2003/07/13/books/review/rowling-phoenix.xml) . Kristin (14 July 2000).html?ex=1222747200&en=6a7b0d89257dcebb& ei=5070. Retrieved 29 September 2008. John (13 July 2003).htm) on 13 May 2010.uk/1/hi/entertainment/arts/820551. Retrieved 28 September 2008. http://www.com/2000/books /reviews/07/14/review.org/articles/2003/0302-newsround-mzimba. Retrieved 14 July 2009.xml&page=3.com. Retrieved 28 September 2008. indicates the date of Harry's second year as 1992.0. ^ a b c d e Memmott. Nigel (15 July 2007).jkrowling.net/news/movienews.cnn.co.nytimes. http://www. ^ King.com/movies/sfe-potter-synopses.html.stm.bbc.goblet/) . ^ Lemmerman.quick-quote-quill.uk /arts/main. The New York Times.org/articles/2001/374/.php?id=53203.com/2000/books/reviews/07/14/review. Retrieved 4 April 2007.com.html?ex=1222747200& en=c3365ba3baa3bf40&ei=5070. Retrieved 28 September 2008.archive. ^ A Whited. http://www.com/2000/07/23/books /rowling-goblet.html?ex=1222747200&en=c19fb010046d89c7&ei=5070) . Retrieved 28 September 2008.xml. (2007).com/textonly/en/news_view. Archived from the original (http://www. USA Today.com/2000/07/23/books/rowling-goblet. 24 February 2009. ^ a b "Interview with Steve Kloves and J. Retrieved 28 September 2008.com/Harry-Potter-All-7-Novels-Deluxe-Editions_218867. ^ Hajela.cfm?id=80.timesonline.cfm?id=80) . 14.stm) . /news/main. "Harry Potter and the Goblet of Fire 2" (http://www. 28 July 2008. 21. http://web.wikipedia.nytimes.xml&page=3) .org/articles/2001/374/) . http://business.co. http://www.usatoday. J.html?ex=1222747200& en=c19fb010046d89c7&ei=5070. University 16 of 25 4/22/2011 3:00 PM . ^ a b "A Muggle's guide to Harry Potter" (http://news.telegraph. ^ Farndale.net/news/movienews.nytimes.html?ex=1222747200&en=c3365ba3baa3bf40&ei=5070) .cnn.html?pagewanted=2&ei=5070& en=6a7b0d89257dcebb&ex=1222747200. ^ Thompson.ece) .K. London: Daily Telegraph. The Ivory Tower and Harry Potter: Perspectives on a Literary Phenomenon.goblet/. 25. Stephen (23 July 2000).com/textonly/en/news_view.net.php?id=53203) .com/1999/09/05/books/rowling-azkaban.org/wiki/Harry_Potter 9. CNN. 18. Carol (19 July 2007).potter. Stephen (23 July 2000). "Harry Potter and the Goblet of Fire" (http://www.co. 17. ^ Foster.Harry Potter .quick-quote-quill. The New York Times. Retrieved 28 September 2008. "Harry Potter and the parallel universe" (http://www.telegraph. 11. http://www.com/2000/07/23/books/rowling-goblet.comingsoon. The New York Times.jhtml?xml=/arts/2007/07/15/svharry15.co. "Harry Potter and the Order of the Phoenix’" (http://www.bbc. 15. BBC. http://www. 23.archive. ^ a b c Leonard. The New York Times. http://news. The Times (London).jhtml?xml=/arts/2007/07/15/svharry15.htmaccess) .com/life/books/news/2007-07-19-potter-books_N. Koinonia House.com/HarryPotter-All-7-Novels-Deluxe-Editions_218867. "Harry Potter and the Prisoner of Azkaban" (http://www. ISBN 1551929767. Julie (October 2001).

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com/node/206) . 3 February 2011. http://www.1970029.The Harry Potter films" (http://www.com/life/movies/news/2004-05-27-potter-movie-book_x. ^ "Hogwarts opens in Florida: Amazing new Harry Potter theme park to cast its spell over British tourists" (http://www. Retrieved 7 September 2008. ^ Barbaro.comingsoon.aspx) . ^ http://www.au/entertainment /article. Retrieved 2011-03-11.co. 161. http://www.co. ^ "Harry Potter: Books vs films" (http://www. 158.com/TFK/specials/potter/0.story) .uk/news/entertainmentarts-12353795) . Rowling.php?) .aspx.ttgames.ttgames.co.html) .bbc. ^ "Wizarding World of Harry Potter theme park opens" (http://www. A14 NY ed.usatoday.bbc.uk/movies/a64205/harry-potter-books-vs-films.htm. 170.co. Retrieved 3 February 2011. http://www.digitalspy.uk/cbbcnews/hi/newsid_4410000 /newsid_4415400/4415454.html.timeforkids.184807.uk/news/entertainment-arts-12353795.00.BA. http://www.lego.uk/tvshowbiz/article-1213793/Harry-Potter-theme-park-Universal-unveils-detailsWizarding-World-Harry-Potter. BBC. http://www. 155.orlandosentinel.html) . USA Today.the-numbers.BA.0. boxofficemojo.uk/cbbcnews/hi/newsid_4410000/newsid_4415400 /4415454.php?id=7096) .uk.com/2011/01/09/us/09potter.00. 166.stm.stm) .wesh. London: Daily Mail.html.12405.digitalspy. 160. Retrieved 9 January 2011.com/node/206. http://news. http://www.php) . Retrieved 29 July 2007.org/awards/film/outstanding-british-contribution-to-cinema-the-harry-potter-films. Jason (17 June 2010). 26 April 2010. ^ "Harry Potter franchise to get Outstanding BAFTA award" (http://www.html. 3 February 2011.story. ^ "Outstanding British Contribution to Cinema in 2011 .php?id=7096. ^ "JK 'loves' Goblet Of Fire movie" (http://news. 24 of 25 4/22/2011 3:00 PM . 162.net/2010/12/harry-potter-gives-universals-islands-of-adventure-park-huge-attendanceboost-in-2010-but-numbers-still-dont-rival-disneys/ 171.uk /tvshowbiz/article-1213793/Harry-Potter-theme-park-Universal-unveils-details-Wizarding-World-Harry-Potter.html. 154. Retrieved 3 February 2011.bbc.dailymail.php?.bbc. ^ "Potter Power!" (http://www.ea.timeforkids. 8 January 2011 (9 January 2011 p. The-numbers. http://www. ^ Puig.12405. Retrieved 31 May 2007. Retrieved 31 May 2007. Retrieved 19 September 2009.org/wiki/Harry_Potter http://www.australia-times. Retrieved 8 July 2010.net.boxofficemojo. ^ "LEGO Harry Potter coming soon!" (http://www.wikipedia. http://www.usatoday. ^ Garcia.1970029.org/awards /film/outstanding-british-contribution-to-cinema-the-harry-potter-films. http://www. http://www.boxofficemojo.dailymail. Time For Kids.cfm?id=94. ^ EA Harry Potter (http://www.com/travel/attractions/wizarding-world-of-harry-potter/os-universal-harry-potter-stayingpow20100617.com/search/?q=harry%20potter.cfm?id=94) . "How did you feel about the POA filmmakers leaving the Marauder’s Map’s background out of the story? (A Mugglenet/Lexicon question)" (http://www. 163. 164. "A Wizard Rivals Mickey" (http://www.com /videos?video_id=89a42107c3649210VgnVCM1000001065140aRCRD) Retrieved 19 June 2010.ea. 156. 153.com/textonly/en/faq_view. http://videogames. ^ "Box Office Harry Potter" (http://www. Retrieved 2011-02-24. Retrieved 6 September 2008.com. digitalspy. "New 'Potter' movie sneaks in spoilers for upcoming books" (http://www.com/en-us/harrypotter/AboutTheGame/Screenshots /Default. ^ Rowling. ^ "LEGO.html 172. 169.com. Retrieved 19 June 2010.harrypotter. 157.com/alltime/world/. J. Orlando Sentinel. Comingsoon.net/news/movienews. K. 13 July 2009. 7 November 2005.com/r/24580700/detail.co.html) .com Video Game: Harry Potter Home" (http://videogames.nytimes.1631. "Big day is here: Universal hopes Harry Potter's magic will last" (http://www.boxofficemojo.net/news/movienews.php. ^ EA Harry Potter gameplay (http://www. 19 September 2009.jkrowling. The New York Times. http://www.uk/movies/a64205/harry-potter-books-vs-films.co.com/movies/series/HarryPotter.com/movies/series/HarryPotter. Michael. 167.the-numbers.bafta.jkrowling.australia-times.).insidethemagic.lego.orlandosentinel.com.au/entertainment /article. 168. Claudia (27 May 2004). BBC Newsround.html) . K..com/life/movies/news/2004-05-27-potter-movie-book_x. J. 19 June 2010.htm) .co.bafta. Retrieved 31 May 2007.com/travel/attractions/wizardingworld-of-harry-potter/os-universal-harry-potter-staying-pow20100617.com/TFK/specials/potter/0.comingsoon. http://www. ^ "Box Office Mojo" (http://www. http://www.Wikipedia.1631. BAFTA.Harry Potter . Retrieved 19 June 2010. ^ "Exclusive: Harry Potter Director David Yates" (http://www. the free encyclopedia http://en.co.com/textonly/en/faq_view. 159.com/) Retrieved 19 June 2010.co. ^ http://www.html) .0.com/search/?q=harry%20potter) . Traveller's Tales.com. 165.com/en-us/harrypotter/AboutTheGame /Screenshots/Default.184807. Australia Times.

ISBN 9780830834303. A parent's guide to Harry Potter (http://books.com/wiki/c:harrypotter) J. http://books.Wikipedia. InterVarsity Press.google. ISBN 9781440208973. Palgrave Macmillan. Susan (2008). ISBN 0313320675.com/harrypotter) on Raincoast.google.ca /books?id=WZwZWP5Sl3AC&lpg=PP1&dq=Harry%20Potter&pg=PP1#v=onepage&q&f=true Gunelius. Colin (2007). ISBN 0830832882. http://books. the free encyclopedia http://en. http://books. Wikipedia® is a registered trademark of the Wikimedia Foundation..google. Inc. ISBN 9781932100884.google. Gina (2005).com (US publisher) Harry Potter (http://www. IVP Books.ca/books?id=c0Vx_faEKUcC& lpg=PP1&dq=Harry%20Potter&pg=PP1#v=onepage&q&f=true) . Giselle Liza (2003).google. The psychology of Harry Potter: an unauthorized examination of the boy who lived (http://books.google. Outskirts Press. See Terms of Use for details.com (International publisher) Harry Potter (http://harrypotter. Critical perspectives on Harry Potter (http://books. http://books.wikipedia. Harry Potter: the story of a global business phenomenon (http://books.wikipedia. Chitra Agarwal (2005). Praeger.google. Routledge.raincoast.bloomsbury.ca/books?id=-__ICQemqaEC&lpg=PP1&dq=Harry%20Potter& pg=PP1#v=onepage&q&f=true Burkart. ISBN 978-0-415-96484-5. Text is available under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License.google. Friends and Foes of Harry Potter: Names Decoded (http://books.com (Canadian publisher) Retrieved from "http://en. ISBN 159800221X.com/) on Scholastic.google.google. http://books.google.ca/books?id=JGQBcu5O_ZcC&lpg=PP1& dq=Harry%20Potter&pg=PP1#v=onepage&q&f=true Anatol. ISBN 023020323X. additional terms may apply.ca/books?id=WZwZWP5Sl3AC&lpg=PP1& dq=Harry%20Potter&pg=PP1#v=onepage&q&f=true) .jkrowling. a non-profit organization.org/wiki/Harry_Potter Further reading Agarwal.com) – Official website (Warner Bros. Neil (2007). Harry Potter Collector's Handbook (http://books.google.ca/books?id=c0Vx_faEKUcC&lpg=PP1&dq=Harry%20Potter&pg=PP1#v=onepage&q&f=true Duriez.ca /books?id=abYKXvCwEToC&lpg=PP1&dq=Harry%20Potter&pg=PP1#v=onepage&q&f=true) .warnerbros.ca /books?id=-__ICQemqaEC&lpg=PP1&dq=Harry%20Potter&pg=PP1#v=onepage&q&f=true) . Rowling's personal website (http://www.ca/books?id=JGQBcu5O_ZcC&lpg=PP1&dq=Harry%20Potter&pg=PP1#v=onepage& q&f=true) .google.com/harrypotter) on Bloomsbury.org/wiki/Harry_Potter" Categories: Harry Potter | 1997 introductions This page was last modified on 22 April 2011 at 11:24.ca/books?id=06FgsmilUXAC& lpg=PP1&dq=Harry%20Potter&pg=PP1#v=onepage&q&f=true) .google.com) Harry Potter movies (http://harrypotter.) Harry Potter (http://www. Field Guide to Harry Potter (http://books. http://books. William (2010). Elizabeth E (2008). Krause. Nikita. K.wikia.ca/books?id=-jtl-ZDxEFkC&lpg=PP1&dq=Harry%20Potter&pg=PP1#v=onepage&q&f=true Mulholland.ca/books?id=BoX-6R21MgQC&lpg=PP1&dq=Harry%20Potter&pg=PP1#v=onepage& q&f=true) .scholastic.ca/books?id=-jtlZDxEFkC&lpg=PP1&dq=Harry%20Potter&pg=PP1#v=onepage&q&f=true) . BenBella Books.ca/books?id=BoX-6R21MgQC&lpg=PP1& dq=Harry%20Potter&pg=PP1#v=onepage&q&f=true Silvester. http://books.google.google.ca/books?id=06FgsmilUXAC&lpg=PP1&dq=Harry%20Potter&pg=PP1#v=onepage&q&f=true External links Harry Potter. Reading Harry Potter: critical essays (http://books.ca/books?id=abYKXvCwEToC&lpg=PP1& dq=Harry%20Potter&pg=PP1#v=onepage&q&f=true Heilman. 25 of 25 4/22/2011 3:00 PM .Harry Potter . http://books. an external wiki (http://www.

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