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1.

Angle Sum Property:


 The sum of all angles of a triangle is 1800
 If a transversal intersects two parallel lines then each pair of
alternate angles are equal.
 If a transversal intersects two lines such that a pair of alternate
interior angles is equal then the two lines are parallel.
 If a transversal intersect two parallel lines then each pair of
interior angles on the same side of the transversal is
supplementary.
 If a transversal intersect two lines such that a pair of interior
angles on the same side of the transversal is supplementary then
the two lines are parallel.
 If a side of an angle is produced then the exterior angle so formed
is equal to the sum of two interior opposite angles.
2. Area of triangle = 𝑠 𝑠 − 𝑎 𝑠 − 𝑏 𝑠 − 𝑐

Where s=a+b+c/2

3. Surface Area and Volumes

Cuboid:

Surface Area of Cuboid=2(lb+bh+lh)

Lateral Surface Area=2(l+b)*h

Volume =l*b*h

Cube:

Surface Area=6a2

Curved Surface Area=4a2

Volume =a3
Cylinder:

Total Surface Area=2𝜋r(r+h)

Curved Surface Area = 2𝜋rh

Volume = 𝜋r2h

Cone:

Total Surface Area=𝜋r (L+r)

Curved Surface Area = 𝜋rL where L=√ h2+r2

Volume =1/3 𝜋 r2 h

Hemisphere:

Curved Surface Area =2𝜋r2

Total Surface Area= 3𝜋r2

Volume= 2/3𝜋r3

Sphere:

Surface Area=4𝜋r2

Volume=4/3 𝜋r3ou

Trigonometry Formulae’s:
sin −𝜃 = −𝑠𝑖𝑛𝜃 cos −𝜃 = −𝑐𝑜𝑠𝜃 tan −𝜃 = −tan 𝜃
cosec −𝜃 = − cosec 𝜃 sec −𝜃 = sec 𝜃 cot −𝜃 = − cot 𝜃
sin( 90 − 𝜃) = 𝑐𝑜𝑠𝜃 cos 90 − 𝜃 = 𝑠𝑖𝑛𝜃 tan 90 − 𝜃 = 𝑐𝑜𝑡𝜃
cosec 90 − 𝜃 = 𝑠𝑒𝑐𝜃 sec 90 − 𝜃 = 𝑐𝑜𝑠𝑒𝑐𝜃 cot 90 − 𝜃 = 𝑡𝑎𝑛𝜃
sin( 90 + 𝜃) = 𝑐𝑜𝑠𝜃 cos( 90 + 𝜃) = −𝑠𝑖𝑛𝜃 tan( 90 + 𝜃) = −𝑐𝑜𝑡𝜃
cot( 90 + 𝜃) = −𝑡𝑎𝑛𝜃 sec( 90 + 𝜃) = −𝑐𝑜𝑠𝑒𝑐𝜃 cosec( 90 + 𝜃) = 𝑠𝑒𝑐𝜃
sin(180 − 𝜃) = 𝑠𝑖𝑛𝜃 sec(180 −𝜃) = −sec 𝜃 sin(180 + 𝜃) = − sin 𝜃
sec(180 + 𝜃) = −sec 𝜃 cos 180 − 𝜃 = −𝑐𝑜𝑠𝜃 cosec 180 − 𝜃 = 𝑐𝑜𝑠𝑒𝑐𝜃
cos 180 + 𝜃 = −𝑐𝑜𝑠𝜃 cosec 180 + 𝜃 = −𝑐𝑜𝑠𝑒𝑐𝜃 tan( 180 − 𝜃) = −𝑡𝑎𝑛𝜃
cot(18 0 − 𝜃) = −𝑐𝑜𝑡𝜃 tan( 180 + 𝜃) = 𝑡𝑎𝑛𝜃 cot( 180 + 𝜃) = 𝑐𝑜𝑡𝜃
Trigonometrical Ratios of compound angles:

sin 𝐴 + 𝐵 = sin 𝐴𝑐𝑜𝑠𝐵 + 𝑐𝑜𝑠𝐴𝑠𝑖𝑛𝐵

cos(𝐴 + 𝐵) = 𝑐𝑜𝑠𝐴𝑐𝑜𝑠𝐵 − 𝑠𝑖𝑛𝐴𝑠𝑖𝑛𝐵

sin 𝐴 + 𝐵 𝑠𝑖𝑛𝐴𝑐𝑜𝑠𝐵 + 𝑐𝑜𝑠𝐴𝑠𝑖𝑛𝐵


tan 𝐴 + 𝐵 = =
cos(A + B) 𝑐𝑜𝑠𝐴𝑐𝑜𝑠𝐵 − 𝑠𝑖𝑛𝐴𝑠𝑖𝑛𝐵
𝑡𝑎𝑛𝐴 + 𝑡𝑎𝑛𝐵
= (𝑑𝑖𝑣𝑖𝑑𝑖𝑛𝑔 𝑁 & 𝐷 𝑏𝑦 𝑐𝑜𝑠𝐴𝑐𝑜𝑠𝐵)
1 − 𝑡𝑎𝑛𝐴𝑡𝑎𝑛𝐵

sin 𝐴 − 𝐵 = sin 𝐴𝑐𝑜𝑠𝐵 − 𝑐𝑜𝑠𝐴𝑠𝑖𝑛𝐵

cos(𝐴 − 𝐵) = 𝑐𝑜𝑠𝐴𝑐𝑜𝑠𝐵 + 𝑠𝑖𝑛𝐴𝑠𝑖𝑛𝐵

sin 𝐴 − 𝐵 𝑠𝑖𝑛𝐴𝑐𝑜𝑠𝐵 − 𝑐𝑜𝑠𝐴𝑠𝑖𝑛𝐵


tan 𝐴 − 𝐵 = =
cos(A − B) 𝑐𝑜𝑠𝐴𝑐𝑜𝑠𝐵 + 𝑠𝑖𝑛𝐴𝑠𝑖𝑛𝐵
𝑡𝑎𝑛𝐴 − 𝑡𝑎𝑛𝐵
= (𝑑𝑖𝑣𝑖𝑑𝑖𝑛𝑔 𝑁 & 𝐷 𝑏𝑦 𝑐𝑜𝑠𝐴𝑐𝑜𝑠𝐵)
1 + 𝑡𝑎𝑛𝐴𝑡𝑎𝑛𝐵
𝑐𝑜𝑡𝐴𝑐𝑜𝑡𝐵 ∓ 1
cot 𝐴 ± 𝐵 =
𝑐𝑜𝑡𝐵 ± 𝑐𝑜𝑡𝐴

Formulae’s for changing the sum or difference into product:

1
sin 𝛼 ± sin 𝛽 = 2 sin 𝛼 ± 𝛽 /2 cos 𝛼∓𝛽
2
1 1
cos 𝛼 + cos 𝛽 = 2 cos 𝛼 + 𝛽 cos 𝛼 − 𝛽
2 2

𝑠𝑖𝑛2𝐴 = 2𝑠𝑖𝑛𝐴𝑐𝑜𝑠𝐴 𝐴 𝐴
𝑠𝑖𝑛𝐴 = 2sin⁡ ( )cos⁡ ( )
2 2
𝑐𝑜𝑠2𝐴 = 𝑐𝑜𝑠 2 𝐴 − 𝑠𝑖𝑛2 𝐴, 𝐴 𝐴
𝑐𝑜𝑠𝐴 = 𝑐𝑜𝑠 2 ( ) − 𝑠𝑖𝑛2 ( )
= 1 − 2𝑠𝑖𝑛2 𝐴, 2 2
= 2𝑐𝑜𝑠 2 𝐴 − 1 𝐴
= 1 − 2𝑠𝑖𝑛2 ( ),
2
𝐴
= 2𝑐𝑜𝑠 2 ( ) − 1
2
2𝑡𝑎𝑛𝐴 𝐴 𝐴
𝑡𝑎𝑛2𝐴 = 𝑡𝑎𝑛𝐴 = 2 tan /1 − 𝑡𝑎𝑛2
1 − 𝑡𝑎𝑛2 𝐴 2 2

𝑠𝑖𝑛3𝐴 = 3𝑠𝑖𝑛𝐴 − 4𝑠𝑖𝑛3 𝐴

𝑐𝑜𝑠3𝐴 = 4𝑐𝑜𝑠 3 𝐴 − 3𝑐𝑜𝑠𝐴

3𝑡𝑎𝑛𝐴 − 𝑡𝑎𝑛3 𝐴
𝑡𝑎𝑛3𝐴 =
1 − 3𝑡𝑎𝑛2 𝐴
1 − 𝑐𝑜𝑠2𝐴 𝐴 1 − 𝑐𝑜𝑠𝐴
𝑠𝑖𝑛2 𝐴 = 𝑠𝑖𝑛2 ( ) =
2 2 2

𝑐𝑜𝑠 2 𝐴 = 1 + 𝑐𝑜𝑠2𝐴/2 𝐴
𝑐𝑜𝑠 2 = (1 + 𝑐𝑜𝑠𝐴)/2
2

1 − 𝑐𝑜𝑠2𝐴 𝐴 1 − 𝑐𝑜𝑠𝐴
𝑡𝑎𝑛2 𝐴 = 𝑡𝑎𝑛2 ( ) =
1 + 𝑐𝑜𝑠2𝐴 2 1 + 𝑐𝑜𝑠𝐴