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Automobile Engineering

T.Y. Diploma : Sem. V


Time Marks
Theory Exam 3 Hrs. 80
Practical Exam − −
Oral Exam − −
Term Work − 25@
Test − 20
@ − Internal Assessment


1. Introduction of Automobile
Classification of automobiles; Vehicle layout & types; Body construction - Types & Nomenclature
of car body. Introduction to aerodynamic body shapes. Automobile market in India of “on road
vehicles”, major manufacturers, their products & their collaborations.

2. Automobile Transmission
Clutch- necessity, construction & working of coil spring & diaphragm spring type clutch. Gear Box-
tractive effort and tractive resistance, types of G.B construction & working of constant mesh G.B., &
synchromesh G.B., Epicyclic G.B., Torque converter, Overdrive, Transfer case. Final drive-
necessity, construction & working of propeller shaft & differential. Axle- Type of rear axles, front
axles & their applications.

3. Control Systems
Steering system- Requirement of steering system. Construction and working of steering linkage.
Steering gear boxconstruction & working of rack and pinion & re-circulating ball type gearbox.
Introduction to Power steering, Steering geometry- camber, caster, toe-in, toe-out, Kingpin inclination
& their effects.
Brake system - construction & working of hydraulic & Pneumatic brakes. Comparison of disc &
drum brake.

4. Suspension systems, wheels & Tyres

Necessity & classification of suspension system. Working & construction of Leaf spring, rigid axle
suspension. Introduction to air suspension. Construction & working of McPherson & wishbone,
trailing link suspensions. Construction & working of telescopic shock absorbers. Construction &
working of spoked wheel, disc wheel & light alloy cast wheel. Types of rims, their construction &
working. Construction, working & comparison of radial, cross-ply and tubed, tubeless tyre & tyre
specifications. Factors affecting tyre life. Wheel Alignment and Balancing

5. Automobile Electrical Systems & Body

Battery- working, construction & rating of battery. Ignition system- construction & working of
electronic and CDI ignition system. Starting system- construction & working of starting motor.
Charging system- construction & working of alternator. Wiring system-harnessing & colour codes.
Lighting system-head light, tail light, indicator light & their circuits. Gauges- construction &
working of Fuel level gauge, oil gauge and water temperature gauge. Use of microprocessor in
automobile control systems.
Reference :
1. Automobile Engineering (K.K. Jain and R.B. Asthana) Tata Mcgraw hill
2. Automobile Mechanics (William Crouse) Tata Mcgraw hill
3. Automobile Mechanics (Srinivasan) Tata Mcgraw hill.
4. Automotive Technology (H.M.Sethi) Tata Mcgraw hill.
5. Automobile Engineering (G.B.S. Narang) Khanna Publication.
6. Auto Mechanics (Harold T. Glenn) Bennett & Mckknight
7. Automobile Engineering Vol. I and Vol. II (Kirpal Singh) Standard Publication
8. Automotive Mechanics (Joseph Hitner).