EE 3030

STARTING METHODS OF 3-PHASE INDUCTION MOTOR

University of Moratuwa

these stator windings are connected in star. But the starting torque will also reduced by 3 times. There are two important factors that should concern when starting an induction motor. By using a proper starter.6A. normally 5 to 7 times of rated current. Direct on Line (DOL) switch starter. The starting current should be kept low to avoid overheating of motor and excessive voltage drop of the supply network. Star-Delta starter. The starting current drawn from the supply. Star Power factor: 0. Delta 425V. Hence. The motor is switch on directly to the full supply voltage. By using this method we can reduce the starting current by 3 times. This could also cause to damage the adjoining equipments. the starter is quickly moved to the running position.5 hp Rated voltage: 245 V. 1.DISCUSSION Purpose of a starting method. we can improve the lifetime of motor. The DOL starter consists of a switch and an overload protection relay. Star Rated current: 13.8A. But the starting torque is likely to be 0.88 . The name plate data of the induction motor that we used: Power: 5. 2. To avoid voltage drop of excessive supply voltage drops because of large starting currents the method is restricted to small motors only (up to 5 kW). Delta 7. Now the stator windings are connected in delta connection. This is applicable to motors designed for delta connection in normal running conditions. The two ends of each phase of the stator winding are brought out to the starter. So the motor will start as quickly as it can. The starting torque must be about 50 to 100% more than the expected load torque to ensure that the motor runs up In a reasonably short time. The starting torque. After the motor is accelerated. the starting current is large.75 to 2 times the full load torque. This is the simplest and the most inexpensive method to start an induction motor. When the starter moved to the starting position.

is switched first on reduced voltage from a 3-phase tapped auto -transformer and when it has accelerated sufficiently.8 Class: A Rated current: 14A. The name plate data of the induction motor that we used: Rated voltage: 245 V. it is switched to the running (full voltage) position. Star Reversing the direction of rotation of a 3 phase induction motor. Delta 425V. Autotransformer method Vs star-delta method: y y y y y y Both reduce the starting current. When motor comes to its rated speed we can remove the external resistor and short circuit the slip rings.Autotransformer starter This method also reduces the initial voltage applied to the motor and therefore the starting current and torque. This can be used only with wound rotor induction machines. Delta 8. Autotransformer method is more expensive than the Star-Delta method.3A. . We can reverse the direction of rotation of a 3 phase induction motor by simply interchanging any two phase terminals to the supply. At the change over period from star to delta. but the autotransformer method can be used to reduce the starting current continuously. By using this method we can increase the starting torque and reduce the starting current. the transient current is high in the star delta method. Rotor resistance starter. but in Star-Delta method this is not possible. which can be connected permanently in delta or in star. The motor. This creates a rotating magnetic field in opposite direction in the air gap. Star Power factor: 0. We can connect an external variable resistor to the rotor through the slip rings. That leads to create a torque in opposite direction. The principle is similar to star/delta starting and has similar limitations. Star-Delta method reduces starting current only by 3 times of delta current. So this is more useful than other alternatives that are discussed above. In autotransformer method we can adjust the starting torque by using the correct tapping. At the start keep the resister value to its maximum value and gradually reduces when the motor speeds up. Both reduce the starting torque.

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