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Preface This little treatise is aimed at mainly two target groups: - The interested yet inexperienced reader: to get a rough understanding what the nordic runes are about and how they can be used ; I advise you though _not_ to try any of the magical practices mentioned here - this should be left to those with sufficient training and experience. If you wish to learn more, there are plenty of excellent books to delve into the subject (some of these I have mentioned at the bottom of this text), and/or you can ask those who already have the necessary knowledge and experience. -The experienced rune magician: while this treatise in itself might not contain much new information it's a nice place to look up details about the runes gathered together from various sources and my own experience and structured in an easily accessible manner - a bit like a practical little reference text. I have tried my best to put as much information in as little text as possible, often using lists of keywords and phrases instead of fully written texts. These can be used to meditate about a rune and so explore their meaning on one's own terms the runes are much more about understanding knowledge then about knowing information. Beyond this keywords are a much easier way to quickly look something up. Often it is rather difficult to explain the full meaning and true depth of a rune in Engish, since so much of them is also tied to their original language(s), one of them or rather their descendants being my own native language, German. Therefor I will sometimes mention German words which are of importance to understand a rune, including their rough translation into English. Origins and Use The Runes are an old system of letters and magic symbols used by the nordic people. Their origin is clouded in mystery, but some forms of the runes can be found in various ancient cultures, leading to the theory that these symbols date back to a much earlier culture, maybe the Indo-Europeans (also called IndoGermans), maybe another culture (like the mythic Atlantis, Thule etc.) - but for sure one can only say that they predate even the scriptures of greek or phoenician origin, and the Skandinavian people of the early middle ages still used them. Most likely the shape and forms of the runes developed from early pictograms, later changing into more simplified yet highly condensed structures which could easily be craved into hard surfaces or painted onto them. Beyond the runes which are also used as letters there is a great number of rune-like symbols which also carry both mundane and spiritual/magical meaning, one of the most known of them the swastika or hakenkreuz which was so badly abused by the Nazis. Aside from this more historical thoughts about the origin of the runes there is a rich mythology pertaining to them, beginning with the story of Odin hanging 9 days and nights from a tree (most likely Yggdrasil), wounded by his own spear, and in a trance receiving the runes and their meaning, then falling down from the tree (described in verse 138 and 139 of the Havamal) - essentially this is the description of a shamanic initiation ritual of going through the nine worlds of existence, receiving the runes and coming back to our plane of existence, Midgard. In the norse culture the runes were carved in wood, stone, bone and metall, painted on surfaces etc., although their value wasn't simply that of writing but also
(if not entirely) that of magic and deep spiritual meaning. Most likely their original use was by carving them into sticks and pieces of wood (the german word for 'letter' = 'Buchstabe' originates from this use - the first letters were cut into sticks of beech (= buchen stäbe / beech sticks)). Yet the runes were/are also more then just letters or symbols, but living words of power - even in modern German the word 'raunen' (= murmuring or whispering) is reminder of the old practice of chanting, murmuring or calling runes as a practice of magic, but we find similar words in many of the old languages. Beyond the use as letters Runes were/are a medium of divination, and even more so they are symbols of power and magic, powerful tools and symbols to guide and assist spiritual development and magical rituals - if not being essential part of magical work entirely. Usually they were not just carved into a surface but also colored in red - the color of power, life, death and magic. Each rune has a multitude of levels of mening and connections both within the set of runes itself and to nature, society, mythology, metaphysics, psychology, philosophy, spirituality etc. through the runes the entire multiverse and the nordic religion can be understood, as for most complete metaphysical systems. Systems and Variations There are a number of 'Futharks' or alphabets of runes, which vary in number and sometimes also the exact shape and name of the runes they contain, although certain runes are common for all of them. Each Futhark can be devided into aettir (sing. aett) or rows/families/groups, each containing a fixed number of runes. By refering to the aett and the place in the aett, one can easily name a rune in a special form of code, i.e. 1:2 to refer to the first aett, second rune = Uruz. This method is the foundation for various forms of cryptographic use of the runes, i.e. by carving notches in a certain order and method into sticks (see further down). The most known Futhark is maybe the so-called 'elder' or 'common' futhark (although there is some confusion how to call which of them), consisting of 24 runes in 3 aettir of 8 runes each. Other well-known Futharks are - the anglo-saxon futhark (with 33 runes in 3 aettir of 8 runes and one aett of 9), - the younger (some call this the elder) Futhark (with 16 runes in 1 aett of 6 runes and 2 aettir of 5), - the futhark of the Armanes, a more modern development from the early 20th century (with 18 runes in 3 aettier of 6 runes each). Here an example for an futhark, it's aettir and runes, the common futhark
According to some traditions, there are four meanings and three correspondences and/or three functions of a rune: The meanings are (with an example by the rune Mannaz):
More) . expressed by a number (the dynamic character.the form (ideographic and phonetic value) . 'A' 3rd aett. Man. number(s) etc.the physical-astrological (the power behind it) .the meaning as a syllable ('man') . with long lines to tell the number of the aett. but needs even more experience. i.the algebraic-systematic (the numeric value. 2nd rune = Uruz.usually by the aettir and the place in the aett. 'U' = Ansuz + Laguz + Uruz or A + L + U = alu Rune Practice Runes can be used in numerous ways (beyond the obvious use as letters).) And/or the functions are: . as mentioned above . Here one of the various methods of encryption.the idea (symbolic content) . To give an example ([l] stands for long lines. It is very useful if only a small but long surface is at hand. Some are .the meaning as a idea (the human being as a mirror of the divine) The correspondences are: .the order. 4th rune = Ansuz. and short lines to tell the place in it.. [i] for short ones) by the common futhark: l i i i i l l l i i i i i l i i 1st aett.e. expressing the relationship with other runes) There are several methods of encrypting runes.the chemical-biologcial (the material(s) and effects) .the meaning as a word and ideogram (Human Being. 'L' 1st aett. called 'Isruna' method. the inside of a ring: a row of notches or lines is carved/painted.the meaning as a sound depicted by a Letter ([m] and the equivalent to the letter 'M') . Of course one needs to know the futhark that is used for the encryption and the exact method in order to decrypt them again. This methods of applying runes can also be used in the creation of runic objects. after the rune 'Isa'. Moon. 5th rune = Laguz.
A more specialized was to use runes is by combining and merging them into one. objects. by drawing runes into the air over them. Feu . creating something similar to a sigil from several runes . a turn along the horizontal axis) contains the negative counterpart of it's power. power .their use should usually be left to the experienced rune magician. There are Runes that can be turned around on a vertical axis. creating a mirror image of themselves. while in divination they can be interpreted according to the negative form of the power.including rune magic . Ingwaz or Dagaz. phonetic: F meaning of name: mobile possession.rune chanting (also called 'Galdr') & stances (also called Stödhur. Fé. Fiu. and four times it is present in this merged rune. sing. greatly enhancing it's power (this is a nice merged rune to be engraved into the personal tools of an artist or artisan to create inspired and powerful objects of art and magic). Last but not least there are runes that stay the same no matter how they are turned. These runes are constant principles.creation of objects of magic by carving/painting runes in a ritual on their surface . The Runes of the Common (Elder) Futhark The runes of the Common Futhark can be divided into various groups. One of the groups are those of the three aettir: The first aett Fehu to Wunjo . I highly recommend _not_ to use the runes beyond divination after only reading this document. but often a dangerous one . there is also a set of hand positions connected to the runes that can be used to channel/project their power (important note: practicing magic of any kind . containing concentrated power that cannot be changed. Feu. while of less importance for divination. deep knowledge about the powers of the individual runes and a keen sense for their interaction. like Kenaz or Wunjo. Far. These mirror images contain the inactive. For further reading about runes and rune magic I have added a list of a few books on the bottom of this document) An inverted rune (turned on it's head. Isa.deals mainly with Fehu other names: Fa. Foeh. Stadha) to project their force and also use it on oneself . introverted power of the rune or the absence of the principle.needs a good amount of knowledge and slowly gained experience to avoid damage caused by mistakes or nescience.blessing/empowering places. These groups and their meaning are mainly of interest for the use in magic. Faíhu. pictorial: the horns of cattle . like Gebo. Combining runes like that is mainly a matter of experience.a famous example of this practice is the four-fold Kenaz: Kenaz is the fourth rune of the futhark. which doesn't have to be a bad thing. beings etc.divination with sticks or stones engraved with runes . not their negative counter-part.. except you have already plenty of experience with magic (although meditation about the runes and slowly gaining experience with the stödhur and hand positions should be quite possible). maybe chanting the rune and projecting their power accordingly .
moving awy/to a place. help in dire need.first rune of almost every futhark variations: Meaning: connected to the sparks that came from Muspelheim during the creation of the universe. change of residence. breeding. destruction. also moving/migration of things/beings . Mars. as the inner fire also one of the sources of the power of vision and sight . strengthening of one's magnetism). the primodial fire. Hand gesture: left arm pointing straight upward. Tarot: The Tower (16th of the major arcana) . forming the 'horns' of Fehu Galdr: fehu fehu fehu . use during waning period not general recommended). mobile possessions. ring finger and thumb parallel to each other pointing at an angle outward and slightly upward. Maple. of ef if af uf . Face and hands should be pointing towards the source/target of the energy(transfer) or the sun if used as a general Stadha. Leo. mobile posession & riches. strengthening of psychic and mental powers and abilities . fa Divination: change. Uras . growth of personal wealth (financial. mobile possesions and mental wealth) . more mundan: Cattle. new beginning. the multiverse. blue and yellow-to-gold . also the fire from the dark abyss (of the self. the primordial fire which gave life and energy into the universe. repression. i. connected to the mysteries of gold . Chestnut. empowerment. transfer of energy (fehu is a positive transmitter-rune) . enterprises/undertakings going haywire Relatated: Colors: vivid red.) . material well-being.. Urus. Trees/Plants: Ash. Nettle . Sapphir . money . growth. the latter: during waxing period -> strengthening of magical and medial powers .. evolution and ascension . if used unwisely great destruction of self and surroundings Magic: absorption/intake of energie of all kind. both arms extended at an angle forward and upward. travel. Freya & Freyr. furthering of personal and social growth. form-giving primodial power pictorial: the horns of the aurochs. etc. left arm somewhat higher then the right . mobility. fine rain. Mythological: the Aesir. fffffffffff . creation and destruction . growth. symbolizes creation by/through fire/energy. money. to transmit/project energy: fingertips are pointing outward . safe travels Stadha: standing straight. rays from fixed stars (strengthening of spiritual and occult powers) . the Brisingamen created by the four dwarves. moon-rays (again both actual and metaphysical. fire. cattle. change & restructuring . migration.. the great/primodial . creation & destruction as part of eternal change. dynamic forces negative rune: failure. paternal principle. phonetic: U meaning of name: aurochs. Elder. if used with wisdom a power of devotion and passion which allows change and growth. Frigg. the siring. siring a child. Jupiter. index. Njörd Uruz other names: Ur. dynamic power.e. financial power. middle and small finger extended. energy. sun-rays (both actual sun-rays and metaphysical sun-energy -> Protection from demonic influences. expansion. thought. intentions gone wrong. connected with Ur-da. Gemstone: Topaz. Mercury . or fine rain falling down from the sky second rune of the elder futhark variations: Meaning: symbolized by the aurochs . Beech. fertility . fu fa fi fe fo . Astrological: Aries. the universe. the igniting spark . movement. to absorb/receive energy: palms are facing outward .
the opening faces downward Galdr: uruz uruz uruz . Carnelian . Sphagnum . 'ur-thing'). tradition. form-giving primordial creature) symbolizing the primordial. the extent of one's own powers and abilities. organic structures and organisation(s). uuuuuuuuu . healthy beings & society. the own Od/Chi (and by this of the own self-healing abilties. natural order. things and circumstances. courage. dis-eases and in-juries Stadha: torso bent forward. well-being. causality. against pain.to dark green. Astrological: Taurus. the source of all patterns . Audhumla. Fingers forming an 'U' turned downward (without actually touching the palm) so the opening points to the Earth. one of the strongest energies. but needs cooperation with power of will for transformation in order to truly appear in this world as manifestation . the cause and source of things. permanent beings. new possibilities and courage. creason. working with magnetic fields of the Earth & Ley-energies. position of weakness. Mythological: the Vanir.mother. Capricorn. illness. the never-ending well. Virgo. rune of Od/Chi/Prana. insanity. pure blue . regeneration. the Earth-Magnetism (and as such also of the/some powers of the Earth) . healing and staying healthy. Trees/Plants: Birch. but if used without wisdom great destructive potential . knowledge. light. ability to adapt to changing circumstances Magic: creating and forming of circumstances / (archetypic) structures by power of will and inspiration. thumb close to the side of the hand . ur urus uras Divination: steady. causality and the natural flow of things (German: the 'Ursache' = cause. the impulse to 'be' . ignorance. vitality. Hand gesture: usually left hand (but also right one possible) . and the great cow Audhumla (nurturing. washing away all that is impure or weak . condensed urge to create and manifest. Gemstone: Jasper. steadiness. healing powers/help. endurance. the invisible pattern/energy behind matter. arms and fingertips poining to the Earth. uuuuuurrrrr . giving in / losing oneself to/in lower physical and sexual instincts Relatated: Colors: orange to gold-orange. the hand positioned about 4 inches/20cm in front of the Eyes /or/ thumb and index finger forming the Ur-rune. medical doctors. health. bad influences. the cosmic semen. the maternal principle negative rune: unsteadiness. disease. inability to change or grasp something/oneself. Erda Thurisaz . the mystery of selfcreation and creation from many parts as the self / multiverse is created from many parts / worlds . absorbtion of the powers/flows in the Earth-magnetism. attraction of positive/'lucky' circumstances and chances. understanding oneself. understanding and grasping things (figuratively and literally). good luck in time. head facing to the East. the sense of hearing. the 'Maja' (illusion of physical reality). water or primodial ice inspired with fire for creation (see myth of Audhumla) . Sun . Tarot: The Priestess (2nd of the major arcana) . magnetic energies and astral vibrations. activation and strengthening of the nervous centers of the head. the fiery power of life (water sparked with fire) . eyes focussed to the ground. form-giving power in the universe . wisdom. radiance and charisma). contact with the afterlife. steadfastness. the straight back horizontal/parallel to the floor. nescience. primordial 'water of life'. patience. the live-giving. the other fingers are one with the index finger. wild & untamed power of forming. 'Ur-sache'. fertility inspiring essence symbolized by fine rain (the rune can symbolize both the horns of a bull and falling rain). healers. sometimes also hint at existing risks (for health or otherwise). transforming/creative forces according to/following archetypic patterns . life after death. Oak.
physical attraction etc. when in great distress/danger . active Defense and Self-Defense . tension born from extremes which can be stress and presure. magic concerning sexuality. thor thorr thorn thurs thuris thyth . but also a source of power and energy . a rune also used in curses. diseases. instinctive and/or subconscious willpower. will and willpower beyond/without the Ego/Self . thurisaz. needs control and wisdom Magic: activation of willpower . old or dead. ability to (pro)create and shire both physically and intellectually . esp. powers of Chaos. Mjöllnir third rune of the elder futhark variations: Meaning: connected with the great god Thor. enemies. and with Dagaz as a combination of two thurisaz . Tar. and powers that control Chaos . Thor(r). but also with his arch-enemies. deeds.for this maybe in combination with Naudhiz) . thur thar thir ther thor . aggressions (own and that of others). 'the power coming from the gap' . destruction of enemies and hostile forces. the border of consciousness. thorn of death. sexuality. the tips of ring finger and thumb touch each other. Thurisaz and it's principles is also related to Ingwaz the Preserver and Berkano the Resolver. enhancing the effectiveness and power of a runic ritual if used the right way (but not always easy to control) . but can easily cause a backlash as well. Od and the electro-magnetic flow. source of easily accessible yet often difficult to control raw power (esp. a dangerous principle/power/force/rune. deception. destruction. power of polare forces. ta te ti to tu . with the elbows touching or intertwined. Thiouth . things that are in the making. action. banishments and to bind with force. sexuality etc. libido. phonetic: th meaning of name: the god Thor or Asa-Thor pictorial: thorn on a twig or the hammer of Thor. the shadow within the Self/subconsciousness which is useful/helpful only after becoming aware and integrating it . forming the trinagle while the other fingers are pointing up. or serve as a protection against such magic (even send it back to it's source. a powerful tool for all kinds of destructive. sensing/understanding the eternal flow of Life and Death. exchange and energies (including the ones between people and in sexual matters) . damaging and hurting rune magic. left hand touching hip (palm resting on hipbone) while arm is bent in an angle facing away from the body also as a Stadha done between man (right) and woman (left). with thunderbolts & lightning . goals and pursuing them. creative power born from aggression. regeneration after damage or destruction . a 'carrier-rune'. Creation and Destruction . Tat Divination: willpower and action born from it. sexuality. thu tha thi the tho . Thyth. things that return or are coming back. the areas of the subconsciousness which are easier to reach . guiding and controlling them . thorn of life . potence. together a Dagaz Hand gesture: usually with the left hand . a relative force. but also psychological problems born from the not yet integrated shadow. demise. aggressions. fertility. demonic forces and influences. strife and conflict. controling/influencing Chi. funneling willpower into action . rebirth and return from what was lost. the gigants (powers of protection / of destruction). kosmic power linking and controling polare energies and direct use/application of these . phallic power. thurisaz . forming the straight line Galdr: thurisaz. da de di do du . via emotions) in general Stadha: standing straight while facing East or South. born from the potential between opposing powers or extremes.other names: Thorn. hindering and limiting forces. stopping both them and their weapons/tools and rendering them powerless . negative rune: damage. use of strength and power . Thuris. th th th th th th th th th . stress and/or tension. neutral but also incredible powerful. blockades and . . Thurs. thus forming two individual Thurisaz.
ecstasy and communication with the divine . abuse of information. as ask ast ans ansus asa . Ask. exchange and processing of information. Ors phonetic: A (O according to the futhark of the Armanes) meaning of name: the great god Odin pictorial: Odins cloak moved by the wind fourth rune of the elder futhark variations: Meaning: directly connected to the great God Odin (or Odhinn) and his mysteries. help/healing lost. Ans. communicative skills. magic power of the ancients/ancestors . Ass. carrier and content in one . left arm parallel to leg. radiant red . contains great powers to overcome all kinds of bondage.or radiant blue. odinic awareness/consciousness . As. telepathy etc. Mythological: Thor. Tarot: The Emperor (4th of the major arcana) . Trees/Plants: Oak. Gemstone: Chrysolite. communication. certain kinds of leek (also showing the relation to Laguz) . magic sound(s). persuasion and/or suggestion . words used against someone/something. the Od (force of life) . intelligence. but also a rune of Freya. the sound of the Wind (see Odin as a god of the winds . Pine. left leg somewhat raised to the side. facing North or Eastboth arms extended at an angle forward and downward. intrigues. black magic. restrains and blockades. ol Divination: talking. abuse/negative use of communication. communication. Os. intellectual abilities . inspiration and (divine) knowledge. clairvoyance.. mind . accidents.. the power of the word . Libra. Hand gesture: thumb and index finger of the raised left hand touching and forming a circle. corruptive or ruinous influences/inducement. of the world. inspiration. suggestion and persuasion . gaining creative wisdom. the 'sign of Od or breath'. aaaaaassssss . aaaaaaaaa . Ast. absorbtion/intake of hiher astral and mental vibrations . receiving .) . bright green. Hyacinth . something that is currently developing or being created. magnetism. harm. of magic. powers of order and harmony (in the universe.) . discussions. breath/breathing.. mouth.expression . also symbol for the mouth and for the mouth of a river . Ostara (the pagan Eastern) . a hint that points to causes lying in the past negative rune: miscommunication. mistakes. rune of liberation Magic: enhancing/strengthening of active and passive mental and magical powers. freeing from anxieties as well as dealing with mundane or metaphysical hindrances . ecstasy. mysteries of Death . harmony between left and right side of the brain . as such a medium of fertility) . left arm somewhat lower then the right /or/ standing straight and facing East. Mars. power of hypnosis. receiving rune Stadha: standing straight.transforming . knowledge or wisdom. the spiritual/magical element of Air . the womb of the mother. then the same stadha with the right side facing North. overcoming fear and death through the wisdom and knowledge about Odhinn (the odhinnic principle) .. but also the power over life and death Relatated: Colors: light. ooooooooo . . words of magic. Astrological: Aries. wind as a carrier of semen. the word and the song (in general. the Gigants Ansuz other names: Ansus. of charisma. Galdr: ansuz ansuz ansuz . Scorpio. and connected to the Aesir . conversation and discussion. violett. Gemini. in a person. Ansus is also considered a divine primodial entity by some . os . Asa. Ol.. chatting. successful orator.obstruction of creativity and willpower. foot pointing to the ground (maybe toes touching it).
Tarot: Death (13th of the major arcana) . Richten und Urteilen' (= counseling. power of cyclic dance Stadha: standing straight while facing South or to the sun. 'Raten. responsibility for oneself and one's actions. riding. moving something/-one (or oneself).if turned to the right . activation of the 'inner guide' (guiding voice from within. races. Freya. salvation.. fly agaric . Mythological: Odin. Judge and Executioner . Astrological: Mercury. rune of rituals. one's path in life. pale greenish yellow/yellowish green . rune of religious magic Magic: tuning into the rhythm of the world(s)/universe and stying in tune with it . journey.Relatated: Colors: pale purple & blue. will . the other fingers held together and pointing away and down. experiencing and bringing justice in the world . strengthening of rituals and of the experiences during a ritual . Taurus. a principle/power which brings hurt or damaged laws/powers of nature and their balance back to equilibrium (sometimes in a violent way) . of justice. of fortune. guided and concentrated/focussed patterns of power . Rit. freedom. the Aesir. spiritual guidance from within) . pathways of all kinds. music & poetry as an expression of rhytm and harmony . Cancer. Raitho. something coming back in cycles. Rota. math and mental activity . the primordial laws of the universe . evolution and progression along spiral patterns . justice . awakening . Rith. something that is set in motion. initative. the natural order of things. also the web of paths between the worlds/planes of existence . raidho raidho raidho . right arm stays at the side of the body.. bloodlines . ru ra ri re ro . intuition. counsel. retaining the impulse and impetus of youth while gaining wisdom of time/age . personal conscience. or er ir ar ur Divination: justice. divine justice. judge. Rod. maybe . Gemstone: Beryll. Topas . being in control/gaining control.. also journey. riddles . Moon . organized and precisely structured institutions . activation of the higher energy centers and of magical powers/abilities . Raidho other names: Raidha. journey. rut rat rit ret rot . counsel. almost parallel to the palm. Ruoth. rituals. right action in accordance with the natural order of things . logic. Hand gesture: left arm (or at least forearm) raised. the sun chariot. dance. gaining senstitivity and awarenes for what is 'right' and 'wrong' in accordance to the laws of the universe . the war-chariot of Thor pictorial: unsure. strengthening the feeling for cosmic balance and cosmic rhythm(s) . tips of left index finger and thumb touching each other forming an angle. return. ra re ri ro ru . Rath. rad reid rit rod reitho ruoth rita rota . salvation . making decisions. one half of the sun wheel fifth rune of the elder futhark variations: Meaning: the wheel (of the sun. consultation . a war chariot. order. organized groups/patterns.a wheel beneath a chariot. rhythmic experiences . Galdr: rrrrrrrrr .). the eternal cosmic cycle(s) symbolized by the path of the sun . judging and adjudicating (or ruling)) . Scorpio. path.. . rhythm. Rita. a new undertaking . left hand touching hip (palm resting on hipbone) while arm is bent in an angle facing away from the body. religious experience. Reid. Reda phonetic: R meaning of name: the chariot of the sun. Rad. laws of the universe/nature. dark blue (one of the colors of Odin). Trees/Plants: ash-tree. left leg kept straight is extented to the side. the tip of the foot in a line to the leg pointing to the floor without touching the same . rudh radh ridh redh rodh . conferring.
Trees/Plants: Oak. Sun. orange. Artemisia . without tact. Carnelian . fiery red to bright red. Tarot: The Priest (5th of the major arcana) . Virgo. Kenaz . Sagittarius.negative rune: injustice. green . Relatated: Colors: pale yellow. disharmony. Gemstone: Lapis. black magic against nature. something is wrong. being 'out of rhythm'. pink. Jupiter . a wrong path. something that is wrong. something/-one ruled by influences/circumstances out of control or not controlled. despotism. Mythological: Forseti. violating acts. lawless. Astrological: Leo.
rut) .other names: Ka. the left arm pointing up. clear and direct process of thought . combinated with Ehwaz leads to new beginning. abilities and knowledge . 'occult' knowledge). charisma . kien kun kaun kona kuna .and forward (this is the stadha of the younger futhark) /and/ the second stadha. higher mysteries . therefore necessary principle (Ehwaz here as the reconnecting. cure . creativity . Kien. creative will. including sexual . 'ken' and 'kin' . re-combining. position of the hands can be similar to Fehu. consciousness and intellect . torch . skillful worker. discovering/gaining information . kaunnnnnnnnn Divination: art. genius. walking new paths. protection against magic (and turning it against it's creator) . justice.be it in a creative. furtheres healing and regeneration . phonetic: K meaning of name: controlled fire. magician . researching/exploring deper meanings. gives (more) courage . dexterity (therefor also rune of Wieland/Wayland _and_ Loki) . or the palm of the right hand pointing forward to attract energy. burning pictorial: the flame of a torch sixth rune of the elder futhark variations: Meaning: kernel. tunes body and mind to higher levels . Galdr: kenaz kenaz kenaz . rune of king. Kuna. technical knowledge. sexual) . maskuline will/power of siring (see also Thurisaz) . concentration . agility.and forward (in an 45° angle). artist. regeneration through death and sacrifice to wholeness again . ku ka ki ke ko . recognizing/understanding and applying/utilizing . sexual or another way). dexterity. learning and teaching . insight . being favoured. both knowledge inborn and knowledge learned . inventing/using new methods. rune of creation. ability to shape and form . skill. new creation. an astral portal Stadha: standing straight. Love-magic (esp. the fingertips of the left hand pointing foward to direct the energy towards the Manipulation wished for /or/ similar to above. continuing with Raidho. both arms extended at an angle forward. child. self-awareness . origin and generation in the universe . tips of thumbs touching each other. gaining knowledge (including and esp. Kan. magical protection . lineage and belonging to a tribe . genius . rune of summer Magic: enhances intuition. works like a guiding light during such undertakings . something that exists and continues. power. fire of all kinds. situations etc. causes. Kun. Guru. but both arms are pointing parallel up. confidence . the mysteries of the connection between creativity and sexuality . favour . the right arm in the same angle downand forward . ka ke ki ko ku . creativity. artistic skill. enthusiasm . craftiness. controlled energies. Chosma . 'where something comes from' . knowledge. (creative) inspiration and connection to all-that-is . the more 'technical' aspects of magic . the parallel fingers pointing up. used by mankind for a purpose . sexual rune (desire. inspiration born from rational thought and logic (line of fire (of inspiration) starting with Fehu. tool/weapon against unwanted influences while attracting wanted ones . kun kan kin ken kon . desire of all kinds. reproduction (sexual and otherwise) . female principle in the cosmos. ok ek ik ak uk . opportunities. reproduction (sexual). master. transformation. Kona. kindness . some connection to Heimdall and Freya. culminating in Kenaz) . those who 'can' (in the way of skill and abilty). desintegration (inflammation). the thumb extended in an 45° angle to the palm/fingers /and/ with both hands or together with partner: same gesture. re-forming principle) . Kam.. Kaun. enhances skillfullness in every way . heat. done together with partner while the palms are touching (connection and communion between partners . art . manual and skillful work. valor . Hand gesture: using the left hand.
Pisces . Relatated: Colors: white to yellow. Wieland/Wayland. Virgo. degeneration. Trees/Plants: Willow. Loki. fumbling around. desintegration of something that exists. Pine. Tarot: The Lovers (6th of the major arcana) . ignorance. loss of knowledge or skill. blue-green . Freya. Gebo . Spruce . Venus. detoriation. Agate . stupidity.negative rune: failed workmanship. Gemstone: Chrysolite/Olivine. Mythological: Heimdall. Astrological: Mercury. clumsiness. injustice.
Love between siblings and soulmates . Gi. if used together with low frequencies/sound waves. Gibur. og eg ig ag ug . becoming one with the powers of the universe. in Dagaz fully internalized and eternal . giving & receiving in a social and economic context as something that creates connections between people (and also with the gods) . the circle and cyle of Giver-giving-Gift-receiving-Receiver . gu ga gi ge go . merging with/into the deity . Geo. hospitality. god. prana. literally everything on Earth as a gift of the gods / the gods are part of everything . ag eg ig og ug . treaties and staying true to them . building a house) seventh rune of the elder futhark variations: Meaning: gift. the hands extended to the sides and upward. the thumbs held to the side of the palms . joining the powers of 'I' and 'You' in a sacred union/marriage . the feet spread at shoulder's width or more. fully manifested in the rune Mannaz. magic power. combining and merging of runes (in general and in particular i. Geuua phonetic: G meaning of name: something exchanged between gods and mankind pictorial: inter-/correlation between two powers. agreements. Gipt. sacrifice and ecstasy (in a balanced. the sexual aspect of the power/energies of life (chi. while higher unfold their effects on the upper energy centers. association/union of two people to achieve a mutual goal or to join forces of creation . Death as the beginning of eternal life . giving/receiving gifts of all kinds. 'seeing the face of God'. the palms the lower part /or/ left and right index finger extended and held crossed like a Gebo a gesture for prayer and meditation. reproduction and joining to reproduce. the gift of Odin: Consciousness. to some extent also to Thor (sometimes seen as a guardian of borders and their markings and of wedding agreements) . protection from harm and misery Stadha: standing straight. Breath/Spark of Life and Shape . Gea. Galdr: gebo gebo gebo . finding and becoming one with the soulmate / sister soul. crossing two beams to create a structure (i. Ge. joining/union of two forces . Gifu. joining forces. the flow of the powers of the Earth (the body reacts well to this from the 3rd main energy center/chakra and down. both gestures are done be holding the hands over the head or in front of oneself.e.e. the companion . the eternal power of counterbalance ('quid pro quo') . matter as condensed energy . 'antidote' . in merged runes/runic sigils) . od etc. protection from harm/misfortune. giver. sex magic and initation rites utilizing it . gegur geuua . generosity .the fingers form the upper part of the rune. attaining wisdom . gefa gifu gefu . exchange of energies. sex magic . gaining of cosmic awareness/consciousness. Gypu. gifa = joining/union with the sister-soul or soulmate. finding inner and outer balance. Gibo is also connected with the swastika Magic: harmonizing and enhanced awarenes of the connection with the sister soul. poison (German: Gift). also connected with death.) . gea geo gebo . the great 'unio mystica' . the magical/alchemic/spiritual great union: two become one but stay two. gigur = death. to Odin and Freya as a pair. fulfillment. and harmonizing left & right hemisphere of the brain (also enhancing memory) . the power of creating and generating on the material plane of existence . calm way). connected to Odin. the epiphysis and the aura) . a rune of the Element Air . geo = earth. gub gab gib geb gob .other names: Gibor. gaaaaaaaaaf . Gibur Arahari Divination: gift. becoming one with the gods/God. spiritual union. greed . enhances the magnetism of the Earth. gibur gebur . gibor . gifu = marriage. creating/enhancing harmony between siblings and lovers . thus forming the upper part of the Gebo-rune. soulmate . strengthening/enhancing one's magical powers by union with other forces . ga ge gi go gu . Gigur. Hand gesture: folding hands with extended fingers interlocking. Gyfu.
tribe and living together harmoniously in such . merry celebration. manifesting and/or enhancing comradeship and harmony . infertile Earth/womb. Virgo . hope. Cancer. wu wa wi we wo . not finding one's soulmate / sister soul / other part. dark blue . Mythological: Odin. finding those one is related to (by blood or by soul). gain. Harmony & Well-Being. weather vane eighth rune of the elder futhark variations: Meaning: the bonds and deep-rooted attraction between like-minded. Relatated: Colors: yellow. black. fulfillment. Hand gesture: [still being researched]. between being that originate from the same source and both recognizing and celebrating these . Galdr: wunjo wunjo wunjo . harmonious cooperation negative rune: estrangement. recognizing relationships/connections that are still hidden .negative rune: misguided. green .) Stadha: standing straight. Opal . Tourmaline . gaining/enhancing awareness about the connections between everything that exists and the multitude of levels of these relationships . yearning after fulfillment/union in vain . kinship. merriness . Wunjo other names: Winja. Elm (Ask & Embala). forces diverging that should be/act like one. connected to Freyr and the elves. happiness. gift of the Danaer. joy. disharmony. comrades or friends (silent disagreements/disapproving between friends to sibling squabbles to civil war). Gemstone: Rose Quarz. wishes fulfilled. Thor. and guided towards a or several specific goals) . loneliness. Astrological: Pisces. harmony of self and surroundings (actively wished for and pursued. friends(hip). happiness. Relatated: Colors: yellow gold or red gold. clan. the right arm is held close to the body. godless. good luck and well-being . the true way of wishing) and by this fulfillment of wishes . Vend. Ask & Embala. a gift that brings misfortune. comrades(hip). strife and war between kin. wild pansy . being far away from the gods/God. disrupted or defiled power of creation. merging/combining of runes for a specific purpose (to create runic sigils. mysteries of merged runes (whereas Gebo is the merging) . similarly feeling and/or spiritually linked beings. wun wan win wen won . Perfection wishes in general and especially the wish for completion and fulfillment . . Completion. the fulfillers of wishes Magic: strengthening ties between and unity of clan. friendship and the bonds formed by these . being cut off from oneself and the other. wuuuuuuuun Divination: kin(ship). delight. Gemstone: Emerald. to Wotan (Odin) and/or Uller (angelo-saxon: Wuldor) as those who give blessing and fertility. Tarot: The Lovers (6th of the major arcana) or The Universe (21th of the major arcana) . realization and manifestation of the true will (= the true power of wishes. Wynn. the fingertips of the left hand touching the top of the forehead. kin and friends. merged runes. preventing alienation . comradeship. joining different but similar/related forces and/or beings for and towards a mutual goal . phonetic: W (V) meaning of name: connection between beings originating from the same source pictorial: banner or flag of the tribe or clan. Trees/Plants: Ask. rune dances etc. Freya.
smybol for the creator/constructor of the worlds . structures and archetypical patterns pictorial: primoridal/archetypical shape of a snowflake nineth rune of the elder futhark variations: Meaning: the cosmic egg (entire potential paradigma of the multiverse. the hail. hail storm. the arms are extended at 90°. sympathetic nervous system and solarplexus . protecting the home. . Haegl. one with God . 'Heil'. gaining spiritual powers . Uller. power of transformation. oneself or others from fire and destruction Stadha: various Stödur are possible. the elves of norse mythology. hedge. the cosmic pattern(s). + = matter and mind as one . attaining wisdom . the realm of the dead (and with this: the subconsciousness) . Hag. eternal and ever-coming re-union of cosmic Fire and Ice as the energizing and effervescent cosmic semen. wisdom .surrounding. enclosing and including the All. or only focussed on the rune one is projecting with one's self . all involving actual movement: Basic 'cross' Stödur see left: standing straight with legs together no more then a foot's width. perfection and balance of powers . esp. Hel. becoming aware of the divine within and around us . the egg of manifestation) . the cryst-al(l). heel. hoe. Gilg . Hag: a protected place. Hag-All. All-Hag (All: everything. evolution following a pattern and within a frame of existence. Halga.Trees/Plants: Ask . diminished or tainted in any way. the underworld. mother of runes . combination and amalgamation of opposing/antagonizing forces in 'all that is' (Hag-All/All-Hag) . 'Heil' (=salvation. Mythological: Odin. Aquarius . gaining a feeling for the connection and unity with the powers of the universe. primordial. the Nornir. outer space . creating/gaining/projecting harmony and 'Heil' . life and death. Hagall. 'Hexe' (= witch). + = man(kind) and the world being one . fusion. union . primodial cosmic semen of life. changing from one shape to the other step by step . hag. Tarot: The Strength (11th of the major arcana) . hail. Haal. also symbol of Wal-hall in some contexts . Hagl. a feeling (and reality) of being protected and cared for . "Krist-All / All-Krist" (Krist = frame/framework) . rune with equally strong destructive. Since all the following Stödur are mainly geared towards self-imporvement and/or self-enhancement the mind should be kept empty with as little distraction and other impressions/perceptions as possible. enhancing the working of epiphysis. well-being) . completion. heal. hail.(Heil-) egg . the cosmos . destruction (destructive powers aimed at change/transformation) . Lalga. protection. protective and transformative powers . palms facing outward (for only releasing energy they would point downward. home) phonetic: H (hw) meaning of name: primodial ice-egg. This is part of most of the following Stadha: Stödur 1: Starting with Basic Stödur (at best facing North or towards the Sun). the cosmic frame(work) . the cross(ing) worlds. perfection (already present as a potential in the very first semen or egg) . + = androgyn. Astrological: Leo. Hagalaz other names: Hagal. the tree of worlds (also see Eihwaz) . Urd (and with this: powers from the past) Magic: very powerful protection . harmony. Galga. eternal cosmic harmony . mystic and divine exeriences and knowledge . working towards evolution and evolvement .thus allowing the flow of it's energy to be not diverted. violent weather . the Everything. Freyr. for only attracting energy upward). rune of worlds (with matter and mind -> ' X ' Gebo) .
Hag-All. the following three times it can be replaced by the Galdr of Hagalaz. Tiwaz. Gemstone: blue Sapphire. Hel. Libra. Algiz. light green. the Basic Stödur. Galdr: hagalaz hagalaz hagalaz . destruction by storm. this Stödur can be done while standing or while turning around (see above). Naudhiz other names: nauths. each time chanting the Galdr. ha he hi ho hu . This Stödur is a powerful ritual. hu ha hi he ho . AllHag . then switching to the Stödur of Naudhiz. forming an 'antenna' to the universe). nyd. Ehwaz. Tiwaz and Gebo. ending the Stödur and re-focussing to self) . hul hal hil hel hol . transformation and evolution negative rune: defenseless and unprotected (in general and specifically against destruction and misery). This is repeated in the following again with the Runes Ehwaz. the Nornir. ha ha ha . Stödur 4: done between two people. Tarot: The Tower or The Chariot or The Hermit (16th. Yew. and finally again Isa (with the arms at the sides of one's body. not. facing and touching each other. change to the Stödur of the Naudhiz-Rune and repeat the process (chanting it's respective Galdr at least at first. enhancing the working of all hvel (chakras. preserving influences.inhaling and exhaling 3. watching over (or being protected. this Stödur activates cosmic channels and according energies to flow while grounding again. Venus. catastrophes connected to bad weather. Algiz. watched over). 7th or 9th of the major arcana) . naudhr. Astrological: Aquarius. naud(h)(r). hail or fire (symbolical or real). hag haal halga Divination: protecting. Willow. the thumbs are extendend in a 90° angle towards each other with the tips touching each other slightly. hug hag hig heg hog . Mythological: Ymir. lily of the valley . cared for. harmony. or (esp. Isa. then changing to the Stödur of Tiwaz (or Yr. Back to original position/facing. hhhhhhhhh . caring for. stripes of red and white . Trees/Plants: Fir. thus eventually going through the entire shape of Hagalaz. Then turning in this Stödur with the sun (clockwise). a man and a woman) one doing the Stödur of Algiz (usually the man). chanting '-All' . blessing. the negative Algiz/Man). between partners. each doing the Stödur of Ehwaz. 7 or 9 times. Carbuncle . going through all four directions. with switching between the Galdr 'Hag-All' and 'All-Hag'. Birch. chaotic transformation (negative mutation) Relatated: Colors: radiant indigo. oh eh ih ah uh . loss of structure. the home and oneself being safe from (violent) destruction and damage. the higher self and powers from the subconsciousness. 'the god within you'. phonetic: N meaning of name: burning need and salvation from misery pictorial: the flood or tidal wave [ \ ] and the bow wave [ | ] combining to create the burning fire of need . orange. energie centers) Stödur 2: Starting with the Stödur of Algiz (also called Elhaz) while chanting 'Hag-'. Sagittarius. Ash. 'Heil'. the other the Stödur of Tiwaz (usually the woman). and helps both with polarization and with tuning into one's surrounding and the universe in general Stödur 3: Starting with the Stödur of Isa (with the arms pointing upwards. Saturn . Hand gesture: both palms are facing each other with the fingers extended. wisdom.
strife and quarrels . Hand gesture: fingers of the flat right hand pointing straight upward. esp. seperation. but both assuming the Naudhiz-Stödur instead. the 'Wheel of Fate' (Life and Rebirth as a great wheel) . resistance.tenth rune of the elder futhark variations: Meaning: rune of the fire of need ("Notfeuer"). need. "Not macht erfinderisch" (transl. eternal source of the many levels/layers of Orlög . the fire created by friction between opposing forces . action born from conscious will guided by wisdom and knowledge about the forces of Orlög and it's visible manifestation . duress. creates/fuels the need for order (and the wish to be part of the cosmic order of the world) . 'forcing' man and mankind. then lowering the arms towards the hips. the right arm extended to the side and upward. manifestation of the invisible in the visible world. rune of (re-)conciliation and protection/defense . na ne ni no nu . gaining knowledge . Love-Magic born from need and yearning . what can't be avoided . recognizing and understanding one's own needs . offerings and actions of sacrifice and devotion . cause and effect . connected with the Nornir. conscious use of opposing forces to reach goals (magical or oteherwise) . the divine into the earthly . both index fingers forming the Naudhiz rune. 'gnawing' at it) Magic: understanding of fate (Orlög). (developing) power of (magical) will and/or spiritual power . so forming the diagonal bar of the Rune. mistakes and failures as chances to learn . "Not ist notwending (transl. certain kinds of lovespells born from need/yearning (use with greatest care or the need/affliction will turn back on you!) Stadha: standing straight. protection . ships & (travel over) water . fears as protecting & warning and/or hindering & hampering . recognizing and paying attention to not accepted needs (be it by 'do what they will' or by conscious rejection or even sublimation) . . nnnnnnnnnn (humming or singing) . that what is necessary. so forming a line (see left picture) . misery. un an in en on . Niflheim and Niddhögg (as also 'the dragon of envy' the shadow in the subconsciousness which hinders the self at unfolding it's true power and shape. nudh nadh nidh nedh nodh . /or/ (see right picture): assuming the basic 'cross' Stödur (see Hagalaz) while chanting "aepandi nam". suffering. the forces of fate driving the world. rituals of hindering or binding opponents or undoing their deeds . synthesis of thesis and anti-thesis . hands resting on them with the elbows pointing outward. forces out the truth and the urge to act upon it . Galdr: not nit nyd norn . necessities. offering resistance to the will and actions of man. (burning) necessity & suffering and salvation . aepandi nam ("calling out in need/suffering" took/found Odin the runes) Divination: the inevitable. 'understanding & solving karma' . of the infinite into the finite.: need makes you inventive) . naudhiz naudhiz naudhiz . attaining salvation (often the hard way) and overcoming sufferng or negative parts of fate (Orlög). tribulation and salvation . nuth nath nith neth noth . but also holding the power of manifestation of will and salvation . necessary (notwendig) here formed from two words: not = need/hardship and wendig = turning something around) . attracting sudden inspiration . thumb and other fingers forming a fist. the Norn Skuld. as a variation the left leg can be kept straight and extented to the side. solving hate. thumb extended in an angle towards the palm (even more then for the Hand gesture of Kenaz) /or/ Arms extended high above the head. certain kinds of divination . the principle of opposing forces which are necessary for of the eternal fate/destiny of the world . /or/ With partner similar to Stödur 4 described at Hagalaz. need. resistance.: need/hardship is necessary . destiny and necessity . the left arm to the side and downward. divine justice (re-)balancing things . nu na ni ne no . trieals.
ice as a challenge in/for the struggle of survival . inevitable downfall. holding it's aspects together (incredible important during difficult/taxing initiations. it's direction pointing upwards Stadha: standing straight. including many forms of strife. the force concentrating the 'fire' (primordial or not) in the center. focussing one's willpower on a target/goal . Ettins. the layers of Orlög. powerful barrier against magical attacks (works even against Thurisaz . cause and effect . vertical axis (of the world) . succumbing to fate as a result of going against one's karmic destiny. Tarot: The Justice or The Wheel or The Devil (8th. both arms are held straight and raised above the head. protection from water (both metaphysical and mundane) . phonetic: I meaning of name: primordial matter. creative power. of self-control and control by others . Integration of the Ego into a balanced. Gemstone: Onyx. absolute cohesion which is expanding. (magical) power of self-consciousness. dagger or sword. 'coagulant' of the soul. a human being standing erect. black . both arms are being held close to the body (Stadha of focus. Skuld. resistance against change. the ways of fate. Niddhögg. the Ego and it's knowledge of all other aspects/levels of the self. Scorpio. light yellow. a line as the path of transition for the consciousness. Sagittarius . concentration . mulitversal system . Trees/Plants: Beech. . eis. upright . decisive (will)power . anti-matter pictorial: icicle or the primordial glacial stream/wave of ice from Niflheim flowing towards Muspelheim eleventh rune of the elder futhark variations: Meaning: the primordial ice. control and/or confining banishment of other entities. ich . hardship . positive. the ice gigants.but also persepective of an end of this. concentration of self) /or/ standing straight. control and banishment of unwanted dynamic powers. power of density. iron . allows the manifestation of/in physical matter by forming the crystal (Hagalaz) . preservation . Werdandi.dependence. the 'binder'. the decision of the Nornir . aggression etc. "Wiesenknöterich" (German name of that plant) . danger of losing oneself in materialism . antagonistic / controlling towards growth & change . thin but safe and reliable . personality . Astrological: Capricorn. in ceremonial magic: staff. duration . calming down storms and violent waves/tides . resistance. unity . dark goddesses. Isa other names: is. palms pointing towards each other or are touching (the body as an 'antennae' towards the . Mythological: Nornir esp. depth. Jötunheim Magic: developing and enhancing concentration and willpower. self-awarenes and self-confidence . ultimate 'no'. ego. but needs to be balanced by dynamic forces) . Relatated: Colors: dark red. primordial matter and anti-matter . alleviation and salvation (usually through insight and acceptance into/of the laws of the universe and of karma) . as destructive and creative as Fire (Fehu) . phallus .. absolute silence and standstill. under certain circumstances the rune and it's position can show what is needed / necessary or can warn of something negative rune: no perspective of an end of the need. vibration of/at zero . 10th or 15th of the major arcana) . the layers of Orlög. magnet . 'freezing' other entities/people and/or their actions . middle of the Nornir. the world-ice . ice . light or dark purple. íss. magic staff. unicorn . hardship etc. distress. Amethyst . Rune if the "I". concentrated singularity and it's first expansion/expression .
the path of the sun during the year (Raidho: the daily path. harmony. Jera and Eihwaz together can form a spiral . honor & valor. the dynamic cycle of summer and winter twelfth rune of the elder futhark variations: Note: There are two versions of this rune . er. no change soon Relatated: Colors: light blue. Mythological: Werdandi. of the sun pictorial: sacred union of sky (upper angle) and earth (lower angle) . the eagle (eagle as symbol/animal connected with the sun) . Galdr: isa isa isa . rune of time . exorcism. Oak. Astrological: Capricorn. palms pointing forwards (the barrier . banishes insecurities and doubts Stadha: standing straight. Ar is a more spcific one (which also has a reversed meaning). positive. wisdom. (having) magical powers . no change soon negative rune: the sub-/unconsciousness . beauty. Aquarius. right arm raised and bent in the elbow so the thumb of the hand touches the hairline. rune of the two parts of the year (light/summer & dark/winter) . the sun. Sowilo: the archetypical sun. held up. Jera is a more universal form of the essence of this rune. both arms are held straight and raised above the head. manipulation of 'sun od/chi/prana'. peace. the 'masculine' principle and it's influence in the multiverse . is iis isa ich Divination: the self-conscious "I" . healing. Ice Gigants. eternal change of things which yet stay the same . personal power . While of similar meaning in general. Their essence is the same. grey. Jupiter. peace and harmony. iiiiiissssss . index finger pointing up. birth-growth-deathrebirth. projecting the banishing/static force) Hand gesture: left or right hand as a fist. duration . faith and honor .if the seeds were planted well.. Tarot: The Hermit (9th of the major arcana) . manipulation of time and of the temporal aspect of a process . left arm bent in the same angle downward and .) . "Bilsenkraut" .) . energy to matter (both in the circle of runes and in the world) . enlightenment. asa . cyclic evolution. processes that take slowly take place or that will develop over time . influencing others . Dagaz: the (day)light coming from the sun. violett.. one of the runes of light and sun power. Moon . phonetic: J meaning of name: circle/cyle(s) of life. activity . manifestation of concepts and ideas in the physical world . good things coming to one as a result of good deeds (in the sense of 'in accordance to the laws of nature') . hindrance. Jera other names: jer. trust. Beech. Birch. Chestnut.. patterns and processes (seasons. the power to banish 'evil' . the god-siblings Freyr & Freya Magic: creates or enhances fertility and creativity. faith.column and circle . virtue.cosmos) /or/ standing straight. Alder. passivity . ger. ar. shown on the right) and Ar (typical for the younger futhark). Acorn. change from spirit to body. unity in the multiverse . mind to body. the change of seasons etc. black . fulfillment . 'light'..Jera (typical for the elder futhark. ra. jar. creativity.. rune of leaders and those initiated . being blocked . the harvest will be good' . fertility as part of nature . the eternal circle/cycle . Fir. This becomes most visible in divination and Stödhur/hand gestures. no own will . enhancing and strengthening the life force . er. Pine. hope. Gemstone: blue Sapphire . well-being. but their manifestation and direction are different. banishment of and and protection against negative influences . being controlled by others . iiiiiiiiii . helpful for gaining wisdom and enlightenment . self-control . understanding the cyclic nature of the multiverse as well as the secrets of the omnipresent circles and cycles . Meaning: circle and cycles of life. Ask. Trees/Plants: Willow. helpful for healing. willpower.
a full turn of the circle offering it's gifts. enlightenment / negative meaning: distortion. the fingers of the right hand pointing towards the joints of the fingers of the left hand Galdr: jera jera jera . iris. manifested by/in the power of Kenaz) . yr. Tarot: The Fool or The Wheel (0th or 10th of the major arcana) . Sagittarius. Cancer . distrust. transforming their essences one into the other on the way . Uranus. ae ai ao au ea ia oa ua . dishonor. the thumb is extended in an angle towards the palm and fingers (again forming the Ar rune) /or/ the thumbs held close to the side of the hand. the wrist of the left hand resting in the palm of the right hand. Aar Divination: hopes and expectations (i. Fir. eur. yb ör. harvest of one's work. tree of worlds pictorial: the vertical column/pillar of the tree of the mulitverse thirteenth rune of the elder futhark variations: Meaning: yew. change taking place slowly but surely . shown by surrounding runes or as a general hint towards one's own hopes) . phonetic: y (ü ö) (between e and i) meaning of name: the yew as tree of life and death. rainbow . at first slumbering fire of transformation and enduring willpower from within (activated by the power of Naudhiz. misunderstandings. both hands facing each other. creativity . thumbs of both hands are extended in an angle . aaaaaaaaa . change towards good. a full turn of the circle making one face the results of missed chances and misdeeds. connecting force between extreme opposites. eoh. both hands bent at an angle so that the fingers and the palm form one half of the Jera rune. second rune from the right) Hand gesture: the right hand and it's fingers pointing upward. Amber . symbol of eternal life (evergreen tree). creativity. faith. change towards something bad. results of former deeds . ar jar ra jera asa . driving force of evolution . ju ja ji je jo . Oak. jjjjjeeeeerrrrraaaaa . Eihwaz other names: iwaz. . Midgard (mankind) and Hel (netherworld). fertility. a timeframe . Gemstone: Moonstone.backward with the fingers touching the hip /or/ The Ar Stadha: standing straight. life-giving force and path towards it . Saturn. something happening again in a different way negative rune: same as 'normal' meaning (a circle is a circle no matter what) if used as the Ar rune: positive meaning: sun power. Trees/Plants: Yew. fertility . Ash tree. gaining understanding. path between Asgard (gods). illusions. bow. honor. divine initiation . mysteries of Life & Death . Mythological: the god-siblings Freyr & Freya. uniting / joining them in a dynamic way . ihwar. jur jar jir jer jor . W-ybe. the vertical cosmic axis . infertility. Astrological: Sun. orange. fullfillment. hollowness Relatated: Colors: silvery grey to light blue-green or blue. both arms are being held close to the body while the right leg is extended to the side and downwards /or/ the right arm is extended to the side and downwards instead (either way forming the Ar rune .e. turning point .see above the rune variations. Rosemary . the fingertips of the right hand touching the lowest joints of the fingers (between fingers and palm) (internal focussing gestrure) /or/ fingers and palm are kept straight in a line. powerful yellow . the hidden. Yggdrasil the tree of worlds as center and column of the multiverse connecting the nine worlds of existence . ir. jjjjjjjjjj . eihwas. ver .
spiritual knowledge. along the major energy centers along the vertical axis of the body) . Mythological: Odin. ecstasy and/or lust . trying and trials. 13th or 16th of the major arcana) . last two examples) Galdr: eihwaz eihwaz eihwaz . with sacrifices as a way to aid the journey (the god Odin hung nine days at a branch of Yggdrasil. illusions. Odin . Mars . remembering past lifes . dices etc. Trees/Plants: Yew. Moon. peordh . errors. thumb. motivation. hunting . iwo iwe iwi iew iwu . index. Hand gesture: so far only known as the Yr gesture: Arm pointing downward.perfect for longbows . endurance. overcoming fear of death . gaining willpower. Gemstone: Topaz. Tarot: The Hanged Man. iwu iwa iwi iwe iwo . choice between two opposing topics of equal worth/interest. see also Uller) .and middle finger forming the forked shape of Yr (see rune variations. greed and senseless lust. initiation into the wisdom of the nine worlds . misguided.connection between the worlds -> see magic. Alder. phonetic: P meaning of name: divination and prophecy to see and understand Orlög (Karma. Fate) pictorial: cup or bowl to mix and throw runes. insanity or insight. related to the full stretch between the illusion of Maya and the wisdom of Nirvana . understanding and wisdom . activity. "Alraune" . Death or The Tower (12th. the shamanic path of initiation . black. eeeeeeeeee . communication between the worlds . yur irr yb . (24 vertebrae of the) spinal column . one shank lifted in the same angle. perseverance (yew is a very strong wood . taking risks to reach a goal. chaos. fourteenth rune of the elder futhark . accessing memories of ancestors and the earth . iwaz iwaz iwaz . banishing/averting destructive forces . inner strength. cosmic axis (with Jera as the spiral around it) essential rune of the shamanic path of initiation and wisdom: descending into the netherworld and traveling up through all nine worlds. wounded by his own spear.raising and descending (i. Uller Magic: protection. strengthening one's own powers . W-ybe Eibe Divination: endurance. transformation and focussing energies . Uller Perthro other names: pairthro. until he found the secret knowledge of the runes) and the possibility of physical and spiritual manifestations (and thus physical sacrifices being made in a spiritual way) (note: the yew tree contains a toxin wich influences the central nervous system and can cause hallucinations which is used by some shamanes for their rituals . creativity and visions .in warm summer days it can even be found in the air around yew trees) Stadha: standing straight both arms extended in about 50° forward and downward. Astrological: Cancer. protection & defense . thus gaining wisdom and knowledge. Blood Stone . perseverance. understanding the mysteries of Life and Death . life & death negative rune: illusions.e. Scorpio. ambition. losing oneself in the physical world or madness. ecstatic lust. insight. courage. Elder. karmic trials . insanity. errors. taking up action. dark blue . endurance. bravery (or boldness) . death & life Relatated: Colors: grey. yyyyyyyyy . Yggdrasil .
Y and Z happen together and have in their 'coincidence' a deeper meaning. Wyrd . flying swan. gaining access to the 'world of ideas'. spread and extended fingers of a hand fiftteenth rune of the elder futhark variations: . manifestation of ideas or events as an act of magic . manipulation of space-time (see also Jera for time-space) Stadha: sitting on the floor. causality and synchronicity as a horizontal and vertical axis of consciousness (1) . together with Naudhiz and Berkano main powers behind change in the multiverse . back held straight. as the Nornir) (1) Causality: action X causes effect Y and activates something Z. peeeeerrrrththththrrrrrroooooo . cosmic law. phonetic: Z. guiding power. hinting at secrets or things (still) hidden . Amethyst . ellbows resting on the knees with the forearms extended in an angle up. gained in previous lifes and/or gained through hamingja) . of 'fate'/'Karma'/'Orlög' . turned inside out . synchronicity.Skuld and their powers . eternal change and always remaining the same in one . discovering a new and so far hidden aspect. the Akasha chronicle . the invisible. knees somewhat pulled towards the body. seeing and understanding Orlög . purdh pardh pirdh perdh pordh . of Mimir . Galdr: perthro perthro perthro . or simply hinting at these still hidden traits . on a greater scale and in general) . the great mystery of simultaneity of time .if as answer to a direct question it means 'no answer will be given' . of Urdhr (see Nornir). Algiz other names: elhaz. Astrological: Saturn . neverchanging power that moves everything through time and development . R meaning of name: a protecting. mostly done facing westward. weaving and cutting the threads of life. according to laws of the universe . the cosmic axis Eihwaz/Yggdrasil between the two) . ihwar. cause and effect in one . Tarot: The Wheel of Fortune/Fate (10th of the major arcana) . the three nornir Urd . perthro space-time. Relatated: Colors: black . concidence . Frigg (spinning. creative energies turned around. powers and talent not yet manifested/unfolded (as something inherited from ancestors. working with the flow of Orlög/Karma/fate/the nornic laws/the cosmic plan . now is all'. hidden potential. peorth pairth pearth Divination: usually a deeper esoteric meaning or . a power of creation flowing from within to the outside. yr.Werdandi . the 'world of ideas'. Hematite. rune of fate . evolution and change . feet with full contact tothe floor. Mythological: the Nornir. algis. 'the wheel of fate is turning' negative rune: death . blockades of the free flow of energies of creativity and/or power of own fate . according to cosmic laws Magic: divination. Trees/Plants: Beech. Orlög. Hand gesture: still being researched. rune of spacetime (Jera: time-space. eohl. rite or experience of initiation. birth . well of Wyrd. Aconite . mysteries and rituals of divination and prophecy . po pe pi pa pu . into the world . branches (and roots) of a tree). Gemstone: Onyx. prophecy .and forward . ability or power of oneself. laws of the Nornir. valkyrjur pictorial: horns of an elk or similar. pu pa pi pe po .variations: Meaning: tools of divination . ways and chances to learn about Orlög (individual. meditation and magic work to explore and understand abilities and powers still hidden . going against the nornic laws. the great plan of cosmic evolution . the Akasha chronicle . Synchronicity: occurrences X. Frigg. time and the 'all is now.
without protection. humming and/or hissing or whistling sound) . protective forces. Sowilo . Mimir and Hvergelmir) . Shield . vision quests.Meaning: Elk. shieldmaiden. Galdr: algiz algiz algiz . negative rune: either Eihwaz or: descent into matter. connection to the concept of the valkyrjur. Gemstone: amethyst. elhaz elhaz elhaz . Mythological: the Valkyrjur. being defenseless. a protective wall or surrounding barrier . mystic and spiritual communication with 'otherworldy' beings and other worlds (esp. chanting etc. used together with Eihwaz: gaining and strengthening of magic willpower . power Heimdall's as the guardian of Bifröst . vision. also to the guides to/of the afterlife . sitting on the heel bone/feet ('japanese style'). Relatated: Colors: gold. hamingja. Tarot: The Star or The Moon (17th or 18th of the major arcana) . indigo . guidance from above. spiritual insight and guidance. Life & Death and Death & Life . (as a connection/variation of Mannaz: see there) Divination: being protected. Hand gesture: similar to the 'victory' gesture: Arm (or at least forearm) pointing upward. Asgard and the cosmic wells/sources of Urdhr. combative and protecting) . quarz (crystal). head slightly bent backward so the face is looking a bit upward. Elhaz = power which makes mankind strife for reaching Asgard. lapis . powerful spiritual and magical guide and focus for energies . Trees/Plants: Yew. together with Uruz. essential rune for working with the valkyrja . Sowilo and Ansuz calls upon/down mighty force(s) & energies and gives great power to heal oneself and others (incl. Protection . oz ez iz az uz . 'fetsch' etc. 'divine self'. thumb. valkyrja . power to reach the divine on the inside and the outside . enhancing and strenghtening the hamingja (magical power(s) and 'good luck') and od/chi/prana/life force (for the practical application see Mannaz) . guarding/guiding spirits (see swan and raven as some of their shapes/messengers). arms see basic stadha /or/ see basic stadha. strong connection to Eihwaz/Yr and Man(naz). useful for practical. Defense (note: four or eight Algiz in a circle and facing outward are a most powerful protection and shield) . uz az iz ez oz . sacred connection between a person and the 'higher self'. path of branches and roots . but kneeling on the right leg with the left thigh parallel to the floor (right knee and left foot touching the floor). Man and Woman (see the shapes of the rune again) . helpless. Swan. Uranus . index. arms extended at the sides and upward (head and arms forming the upper part of the rune /or/ kneeling on the floor. and resulting protection and enlightenment .usually called Man in that case) Magic: Protection. divine twins. Bifröst . spiritual undertakings and/or quests.face to face or back to back. Heimdall. zzzzzzzzzz (deep. calm and/or contemplative work (invocation of runes. transfering the conscience to higher levels. the stadha. 'laying on of hands') Stadha: basic stadha: standing straight. Angelica . Leo. Yew . in parts even used in similar ways and meanings as Mannaz (or same rune symbol being seen both for Algiz and Mannaz . bad luck. connection between the gods and mankind . magical powers. Raven.) . the alcis (see second rune variation from the right . Astrological: Cancer. losing sight of the higher planes/connection with the guiding spirits/forces.and middle finger forming the forked shape of the rune with the index finger in a vertical position to the ground. Life . Defense .
success. victory ('Sieg') . well-being. eihwas. Astrological: . phonetic: U meaning of name: aurochs. sal. Gemstone: . ihwar . salvation. Trees/Plants: . sugil. or fine rain falling down from the sky seventeenth rune of the elder futhark variations: Meaning: . Gemstone: . Relatated: Colors: . 'Heil' (wellfare. Trees/Plants: . shining . sun power . ihwar . fine rain. sieg. phonetic: U meaning of name: aurochs. cleansing . Relatated: Colors: . Astrological: . Galdr: . Mythological: . or fine rain falling down from the sky eighteenth rune of the elder futhark variations: Meaning: . eoh. deliverance) . clarification . phonetic: S (Z. Magic: . . si-gi-il . Astrological: . Stadha: . Hand gesture: . school . Magic: . light. negative rune: . eoh. Gemstone: .other names: sig. Stadha: . Tarot: . from the divine/God to the divine/God) . the radiant. negative rune: . fine rain. Mythological: . Galdr: . Tarot: . Stadha: standing straight . sigi. soula. 'Hakenkreuz') pictorial: the sacred sun wheel sixteenth rune of the elder futhark variations: Meaning: sun. Tiwaz other names: iwaz. Hand gesture: . Divination: . Tarot: . form-giving primodial power pictorial: the horns of the aurochs. spuming. si. . symbol for the soul (SaL . buzzing and whizzing . Magic: . Trees/Plants: . fizzing. sol. solution . Divination: . Berkano other names: iwaz. Divination: . form-giving primodial power pictorial: the horns of the aurochs. liberation . Hand gesture: . Relatated: Colors: . life . zi. eihwas. Galdr: . Mythological: . saugil. negative rune: . sigil. sul. column ('Säule') . 'SCH') meaning of name: part of the dynamic sun wheel (Swastica. sizzling.
Hand gesture: . also the laws of life in the multiverse as in Midgard (the physical world of mankind). form-giving primodial power pictorial: the horns of the aurochs. a waterfall or the green part of leek . Divination: . fine rain. eihwas. eoh. Laguz other names: Laukaz / lagus / lagu / lögr / laukr . form-giving primodial power pictorial: the horns of the aurochs. eihwas. fine rain. Trees/Plants: . Gemstone: . as such the pattern of deeds and patterns of the past which lead to future forms of life . ihwar . Tarot: . Relatated: Colors: . Gemstone: . Divination: . Mythological: . symbolized by a wave. Mannaz other names: iwaz. form-giving primodial power pictorial: the horns of the aurochs. Tarot: . fine rain. Magic: . phonetic: U meaning of name: aurochs. Astrological: . Stadha: standing straight . or fine rain falling down from the sky nineteenth rune of the elder futhark variations: Meaning: . eoh. Galdr: . Galdr: . or fine rain falling down from the sky twentieth rune of the elder futhark variations: Meaning: .Ehwaz other names: iwaz. Hand gesture: . the . Astrological: . negative rune: . phonetic: U meaning of name: aurochs. Relatated: Colors: . Mythological: . or fine rain falling down from the sky twentyfirst rune of the elder futhark variations: Meaning: the founding energy of life in the multiverse and secret source of all organic life. ihwar . Stadha: standing straight . Magic: . Trees/Plants: . negative rune: . phonetic: U meaning of name: aurochs.
rune of water and the ocean . Magic: . storing and focussing of energies and thoughts. lögr = primordial water . for various kinds of rituals/ ceremonies regarding fertility and sexuality. form-giving primodial power pictorial: the horns of the aurochs. the God of Earth. project the rune Ingwaz and its power . strengthening of magnetic power.primordial water containing the potential of life. Hand gesture: . to gather power and concentrate it. below your navel. thus forming the outer corners/angles of the rune with your elbows. rune of tides . Astrological: . Stadha: standing straight . log = the primordial laws/order. negative rune: . helps to gather energy/magic power to be focussed by force of will Runes somehow associated with Water . but also of crossing the primordial water to go to the realm of the dead . as such also a rune that has to do with sexuality. that is often used before other ruens are applied. Tarot: . rune of the astral plane. Many say that in this rune lies one of the greatest secrets of nordic sex magic as well. the yearning for the other part / partner / 'you' to walk the path of life together . fast-growing leek is a symbol for organic growth. Mythological: . Divination: . needing the structuring influence of ice and the energy of fire for manifestation . needs to mature and gather . It is a very powerful rune.and Laguz is the rune of magic with herbs as of seidr ('witchcraft') . connected to the non-physical parts of living beings . precise release The stada is quite simple: you stand upright with your feet together (they can be a little bit apart if you feel more comfortable/stable that awy. fine rain. powerful rune of initation (sprinkling water on a newborn is part of an old pagan ritual of name-giving. and for the strongest grounding / inner or emotional focussing you bring your fingertips together in front of you. gaining guidance for difficult initations & tests (both in everyday life and in a ritual way). one can mainly use this rune for gathering. grounding oneself and for concentration of thoughts. and their focussed.lifeforce raising and secending . also for certain kinds of visions and intuition. Relatated: Colors: . phonetic: U meaning of name: aurochs. Galdr: .within the Ingwaz. It stands for the potential of energy and power that can be unleashed and channeled. Trees/Plants: . the lower corner with your fingertips. If you can. vitality.rune of love . Applied. Ingwaz other names: Laukaz / lagus / lagu / lögr / laukr . or fine rain falling down from the sky twentysecond rune of the elder futhark variations: Meaning: Ingwaz is the rune of the God/Hero Ing (or Freyr). thus becoming part of the clan/tribe) and of rebirth. but also to ground and focus oneself. above your groin (= more or less at the area of your 2nd chakra). Gemstone: . but needs to be focussed first. maturing. but no more then the width of your foot apart). life force. phallic power and fertility (both physical and spiritual) . feelings and/ or energy. the Logos (that what hovers within/over the water) . for passive meditation.
Astrological: . Stadha: standing straight . the ellbows pointing outwards. thus forming the outer corners/angles of the Ing. 81 times . Magic: . negative rune: . Tarot: . fine rain. Galdr: . Trees/Plants: .into your position.. Divination: . and turn with the sun (clockwise) to each of the directions.. form-giving primodial power pictorial: the horns of the aurochs. Divination: . nine times. Trees/Plants: . fingertips touching in the air over the middle of your head. negative rune: . Mythological: . thus doing it i. or 9. phonetic: U meaning of name: aurochs. the number three and four are closely connected to the runes) Another version that has a bit less grounding effect (but still nicely) and more a concentrating effect of the mind is like follows: Stand as before. Relatated: Colors: . Dagaz other names: Laukaz / lagus / lagu / lögr / laukr . but then the ritual has additional effects)... Odhalaz . Gemstone: . Astrological: .e. Mythological: . in the morning you can also try east or in the evening west. Start in one of the four directions (I recommend North. but now bring the hands above your head. either once. 4 times (one full turn) chanting three times each = 12 times (or 3 turns. Galdr: . Hand gesture: . Hand gesture: ... Relatated: Colors: . repeating the stada and the chanting/projecting. Gemstone: . but then it gets a bit repetitive ^^. three times. or fine rain falling down from the sky twentythird rune of the elder futhark variations: Meaning: . your finger tips the upper angle Magic: . Stadha: standing straight . and/or hum or chant 'Ingwaz' or 'Ing' (or 'ung ang ing eng ong' . Tarot: . or 81.) either in your mind or aloud.
fine rain. Etinn etc. dynamic. the allknowing goddess who never speaks Gigants: divided in many different races like Thursar (sing. Astrological: . world of Mankind (situated in the middle as one of the nine worlds of norse cosmology). Trees/Plants: .from the sky twentyfourth rune of the elder futhark other names: Laukaz / lagus / lagu / lögr / laukr . but sometimes also very cunning . moving. Hand gesture: . form-giving primodial power pictorial: the horns of the aurochs. Norn . pl. mainly consisting of words of wisdom. war and the sky (including weather) . 'makes things happen'. mental power to make changes. phonetic: U meaning of name: aurochs. gy Bifröst: rainbow bridge connecting Asgard and Midgard Brisingamen: created by four dwarves. Magic: . Relatated: Colors: . negative rune: . their cooperation led to fertility Erda: Forseti: Freya: Freyr: Frigg: wife of Odin . pl: hamingjur Havamal: "The words (song) of the High Ones" . a powerful weapon both wielded and thrown. Tarot: . Jötun). one of the nine worlds of nordic cosmology Audhumla: primordial cow. three spirits/deities of fate (usually seen in the shape of women) which give water from the primoridal well of Urdhr to the tree of worlds Yggdrasil. most are mostly known for their strength and simplemindedness. their main focus on magic. Thurs). Mythological: . the physical world. sing. or fine rain falling down variations: Meaning: . related to good and bad luck. Aesir: family or race of gods. thus keeping it alive . Gemstone: . of the powers of evolution . law. Jötunen (sing. sing. one of the first beings. symbolizing the forces of Chaos and destruction in many songs and myths. Stadha: standing straight . symbol of cause and effect in the multiverse. Áss. symbol of protection by the might of Thor Muspelheim: the sparks from Muspelheim were essential during the creation of the world Niflheim: Niddhögg: Njörd: Nornir: also the Nornes. even though the handle is too short for a normal hammer . guardian spirits . Galdr: . sometimes also of unbridled powers of the Earth hamingja: magic power similar to 'mana' or 'manitu' in other cultures. magic chants and spiritual/religious ceremonies Heimdall: Hel: Hvergelmir: Jötunheim: Loki: Midgard: "the world in the middle". Divination: . . second poem/song of the elder Edda (most important writing of norse origin). the world where we live Mimir: well Mjöllnir: hammer Thor's. Ása Asgard: world of the Aesir.
their main focus on fertility. Van Walhall(a): The hall of Odin. it's waters are are given to the tree of worlds by the Nornir to keep it alive Valkyrja: or Valkyries. although they are sometimes quite influenced by antisemitic ideology) Harry Radegeis: Runen im Leben der Völker Erhard Landmann: Weltbilderschütterung . guardian spirits who are attracted to certain people. past actions as causes for present and future circumstances and events . so I've added them to this list) All of these books have contributed to this document. nor are all the conclusions found in them. Runengymnastik F.A Handbook of Esoteric Runology --. Marby: Der germanische Einweihungsweg in Sinnbildern und Symbolen Guido von List: Geheimnisse der Runen (and others of his writings. sing. yet retaining their original character and traits .the Vanir who came to the Aesier eventually became part of them. Wayland: powerful smith of maybe divine origin Werdandi: middle of the Nornir.what is as the foundation of the future Yggdrasil: cosmic tree going/growing through all of the nine worlds of norse cosmology (or planes of existence). and not everything in them is necessarily true. at least some are also considered as daughters of Odin with mortal women (or spirits or lesser deities) .: valkyrjur Vanir:family or race of gods. the hunt and the time of Yul.Handbook of Rune Magic Edred Thorsson: Runelore . pl. as well as my own experiences.for further reading here a few other books that have proven useful in some way --Freya Aswynn: Leaves of Yggdrasil Karl Spiesberger: Runenmagie Karl Spiesberger: Runenpraxis der Eingeweihten F.what was in the past and still forces us in the present) Thor: Uller: the god of the Bow. but all of these books offer interesting informations. Edred Thorsson: Futhark . the Norn of the present . even their leader . forming or being a channel between the gods and the people . and useful both for the beginner and the experienced --. Skuld: youngest of the Nornir. also an archaic god of death Urd: oldest of the Nornir.B. nature and the Earth . after al ong war with the Aesir hostages were exchanged and peace was achieved . Marby: Runenschrift. Werdandi is related to the German word "Werden" (becoming/future form of being) . Skuld is related to the German word "Schuld" (dept/obligation/guilt) . the Norn of the past Urdhr: primordial well near Yggdrasil. true for the entire cosmos as well as for a single individual. living order Ymir: meaning "the noise/clamor".these two books by Edred Thorsson are in my opinion some of the best ever written about runes.B. where half of the fallen warriors come and live until the day of Ragnarök (End of the World) when they will fight alongside the Aesir against the Gigants and their allies. the 'Chooser of the Dead'. Runenwort.Odin: Orlög: the past as the layers on which present and future are build. primordial gigant A small selection of books for further reading (Note: As far as I know many of these books are only available in German. spirits who carry the slain warriors (and other who attract their attention) to Walhall . also often considered one of the valkyrja. similar to the meaning of 'fate' . the Norn of the future. also a symbol of these worlds and their order. even a symbol of life and cosmic. as all is connected with everything that is.