STUDY SHEETS

MINIMALISM

One can say that it is a architectural movement which evolved in the course of the history to break the monotony of the preceding style of architecture.

However it an abstract concept and cannot be generalised as it varies from every person's perspective. But collectively it may be generalised as architecture of si lence, of subtle expressions that seeks simple solutions in terms of design elements and values.

Minimalism has got much to do with the maxim "Less is more" and that the spaces are adapted to an idea of life intended to be simpler, allowing fascination to be shown in the linearity of walls, smooth texture of floor, in a reserved space, in the whole as a structural element of this architecture that seeks its essence.

It is therefore a virtue that exalts formality, imagination and an appetite for creating new sensations with minimum intervention. Another angle of minimal ism is that "Form follows form".

Characteristics ofminimalism:

Extreme simplicity Subject is r'pJOlo~!!TT~~

Nagpur: .

Building form should be simple yet not starkly different from

the buildings all around it. .

Use of natural textures in interiors and facade treatment IS

preferred. .

The design is functional, in context with the surroundings and designed such that the end product will be minimal but the design process remains as elaborate as ever.

Inte rpretation:

Minimalist architecture is a polemical term which could be interpreted differently as per the user as well as the architect. Broadly defined, minimalism in architecture deals with adhering to the essentials in all aspects whilst satisfying its functional aesthetic, structural and environmental requirements.

A minimal design is site specific and uncluttered.

Economical context:

It is the centre for trading and commerce given the relatively modest size of their respective communities in the city, entrepreneurs and traders operating in Nagpur appear to have very strong informal networks. Taking into account the need for a more formalised professional network, a group of entrepreneurs have set up the Nagpur's chapter

of the global organization.

Nagpur bas an RBI

Religious context Nagpur is a cosmopolitan city having amalgamation of various culture.

Variety in culture has brought influence on architecture and mosaic in different activities

Climate

Nagpur has a tropical wet and dry climate with dry conditions prevailing for most of the year .

Climate bas influenced the traditional architecture and follwings elements were used

Courtyards in wadas.

Water body for evapourative cooling

Shading devise and screens to protect from, direct heating

Social context People from all over the country settled here The social scene has always been varied. Each community added its own set of rituals

and ethnicity to the social structure of nagpur.

Led to addition of numerous layers of culture

Arohltecture

Political context:

Nagpur has political importance as it high court of Maharashtra. The city is the seat of annual winter session ofMaharashtra state assembly

"Vidhan Sabha". _~'lYI!lo6oO,jII

Geographical centre

Zero mile stone is the geographical centre of India which is in nagpur.

Thus nagpur becomes the centre for trade and also people of many region converge here.

Climate Analysis

6:58am-59.6°

12:00am-84.6 de!!" _

5:37am-43.3 de~

o »>: 5:30am-58.6 deg<'

~ 6:46am-42.0 deg"

Sun Radiation Angle Water Table Level

SHADOW STUDY:

A C-shaped block with a courtyard has been used for shadow study.

Site Topograpby

2/2

8/:

Slope & Water Flow

JUNE 21 DEC 21

6AM

12 PM

6PM

7AM

12 PM

4 PM

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Means of access

Pathways: the approach to the buildings from road shall be through paved pathway of width not less than l.5m provided its length is not more than 20m from the main access.

Multi-storeyed buildings

Main entrance to the plot shall be of adequate width to allow easy access to fire engine and in no case it shall measure less than 4.5m. The entrance gate shall fold back against the compound wall

Open Spaces

There shall be two storied structure with max 15% built up area, out of which 10% built up area shall be allowed on the ground floor and remaining 5% can be consumed on first floor

The structures used for the purpose pavilion or gymnasia or club house or yoga centre and other structure for the purpose of sports or recreation activity may be permitted No detached toilet block shall be permitted

HERITAGE regulations

SCOPE FOR DEVELOPMENT: no interventions be permitted either on exterior or interior unless it is necessary of interest of strengthening or prolonging the life of the buildings/precincts or any part of features thereof

VISTAS SURROUNDING DEVELOPMENT: All developments in areas surrounding heritage grade 1 shall be regulated and controlled considering that it does not mark the grandeur of .or view from Heritage Grade 1

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10 9 8 7 6 5 4 3 2 1 o

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4 AM - 6 7 AM - 12 1 PM - 6 7 PM - 12

AM PM PM AM

MATERIALS

TRADITIONAL

Stone

The Reserve Bank

of India building in Stone

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[. ~ '~n'

i' ~ 1 ·

Brick

Wood

Used mainly for oma mentation and framework

Bamboo Though not a structural element, bamboo is used

in the decoration

in simple non-load bearing structures

Concrete

Concrete is a primary construction material in all massive buildings today in Nagpur and everywhere else .

. Wlt

:'. , .. ;;i "'fri~ ~ ::

CONTEMPORARY

Steel

Used extensively in construction as a reinforcement member

Widely used due to its smooth finished look and simplicity in construction and facade treatment.

The Eternity Mall is an example of the ACPs.

Glass

Is gaining prominence

over time and is being made to suit any type of climate

because of the aesthetical brilliance

VARIOUS MEANS OF VERTICAL TRANSPORT -ELEVATORS

-ESCALATORS

-STAIRCASE

Other means of transport-MOVlNG SIDEWALK

-SKYWALKS

( interconnecting buildings)

OTHER IMPORTANT SERVICES

Fire escape staircase Automatic sprinklers Transformer room Service ducts

CONSIDERATIONS FOR DESIGNING SERVICE CORE FOR MID RISE BUILDINGS-

SERVICE-CORE LAYOUT & SPACE REQUIREMENTS ELEVATOR SHAFT DESIGN AND LOBBY DESIGN

POPULATION DENSITY CONSIDERATIONS AND TRAFFIC ANALYSIS D

Seattle Civic Centre

Components of the Seattle Civic Center include

City Hall- houses offices and chambers for the Mayor, City Council, City Attorney and other City functions- offices supportive of the Mayor and Council.

Community services and non-profit organizations are encouraged on the City Hall block as well.

Justice Center, houses the Municipal Courthouse and Police Headquarters. Seattle Municipal Tower houses utilities and general government functions

City Hall Plaza is a gathering place that is host to public activities, including summer concerts, health fairs, and a variety of other civic events.

The new building on the Public Safety Building site have retail at the base and public or private sector office space above.

Delhi Civic Centre

The Civic Centre is a complex of multi storied buildings, which comprises of four six-storey

building blocks and one 28-storey tower block. The complex is functionally segregated into

distinct zone of institutional and commercial office activity with about 50 % of the space

designated for institutional activity and 50 % of the space designated for commercial activity .

To ensure that the complex remains alive after non working hours, commercial, entertainment and community facilities forms a part of the complex. Building is further planned

to segregate vehicular and pedestrian traffic, as well as business and casual traffic through

landscaping and traffic planning.

Area distribution

OGovt

""' t oComm"",1

land use percent." ~ • BulltS"", 8iiii!: .landscaping ~ • Reidt

Denver Civic Centre

This civic center is influenced by its historical n cultural importance. Civic Center is also the location for many annual events ego In January - The City and County Building has a Christmas lights display up until the National Western Stock Show ends in mid January etc. Hence the culture of Denver is one of the important factors responsible for large open spaces

AREA DISTRI8UTION fOR DENVER CIVIC CENTRE

Administration Colorado State Capitol

Denver City and County Building ,-,-",,, •. vca post Corporation

lington E. Webb Municipal Office

Entertainment & Open spaces Colorado History Museum Denver Art Museum

Greek amphitheater

A war memorial, and the Voorhees Memorial Seal Pond

• ADMINISTRATION,,,.

• ENTERTAINMENT &OP[N SPACES-6O%

• UTIUTES.S"

Program And Analysis

Sitabuldi has been a centre for trade and is regarded as the commercial hub of Nag pur since the times of the Bhonsles. it's proximity to the railway station and to the Tekdi Ganesh temple, and its central location makes it a prominent destination in Nagpur.

The site is the focus of major cultural events and is associated with Nagpur's glorious history.

At today's date the area is transforming into a potential site for major corporate activities. Keeping in purview the above and the immediate context ofthe site, a generalised programme has been framed.

Administration Public Relation Offices -Information Kiosk

-Enquiry office

- Post office

-Ticketing counter (Railway & air)

-Municipal Office

-Tourism Development

- Transport System

-Electricity Board

-Passport Office, etc.

Awareness & Welfare Centre

Media Centre

-Electronic and print

Maintenance, Administration & House Keeping

iii COMMERCIAL

COMMERCIAL

5% 40%

iii ASSEMBLY BUILDINGS III CULTURAL

Eateries -Cafe

-Restaurant

-Food Court

-Outlets

iii ADMINISTRATION

20%

iii MISC.

ALLOCATION OF TOTAL BUILT-UPAREAACCORDING TO ANALYSIS BASED ON NAGPUR AND THE SITE IN SPECIFIC

Retail Shop

-Large Mercantile Display Showroom

-Medium Scale Retail Shop

-Small size enterprise

RECREATIONAL AND CULTURAL Exhibition hall

-Handicraft

-Books

-Paintings

-Science related project, etc.

ASSEMBLY BUILDINGS

Auction Hall Banquet hall Town Hall

Auditorium -Cultural

-Seminars

-Convention

Library -Reading room

Memorial, Monument & Museum

Gymkhana

DENVER

Volumetric analysis and inferences

A healthy social life is found only when in the mirror of each soul the whole community finds the reflection and when in the whole community the virtue of each one is living.

The general temperament of buildings in Nagpur is over decorative. There are varied styles of architecture in Nagpur, hence there is a need to unite everything in the least possible decorative mariner, so that it does not represent any particular style but represents Nagpur overall. This calls for a minimalistic approach adhering to Indian context. A civic centre caters to the public requirements of education entertainment and commercial

use ..

Option 2 Permissible Height =32m Area on each floor=6226.75sq.mt

climate of place calls for a lot of semi open spaces which are permanently shaded during daytime to prevent heat gain but simultaneously be limited by day light

The response of civic centre to the heritage structure is important from the point of view of cultural heritage preservation, since they are an iconic landmark to the place

Now after going through every element and aspect regarding the civic centre, minimalism, city and site analysis, a extrapolated inference has been justified

Option 3 Basement and gf parking Area=6748 x2 =13496 Volume of two floors 13496 x 4=53984 Consider four towers of area 1500 sq.m each Therefore VOLUME

TOWER A (ht 20M)= 1500x20=30000 TOWER B(ht 20m)= 1500x20=30000 TOWER C (ht 24m)= 1500x24=36000 TOWER DC ht 32m)= 1500x32=48000

TOTAL VOLUME=I,97,984 TOTAL BUILT UP CONSUMED= 49,496 sq.m

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