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Physics 1 (PHYC10003)

Week 6 Energy and rotating objects


Discussion questions
1. At the bowling alley, the ball-feeder
mechanism must exert a force to push
the bowling balls up a 1.0-m long
ramp. The ramp leads the balls to a
chute 0.5 m above the base of the
ramp. Approximately how much force
must be exerted on a 5.0-kg bowling
ball?
(a) 200 N
(b) 50 N
(c) 25 N
(d) 5.0 N
(e) impossible to determine
Mazur, Peer Instruction: A User's Manual, Prentice-Hall
2. A force F is applied to a dumbbell for a time interval ∆t, first
as in A and then as in B. In which case does the dumbbell
acquire the greater centre-of-mass speed?
(a) A
(b) B A B
(c) no difference
(d) the answer depends on the rotational inertia of the dumbbell.
Mazur, Peer Instruction: A User's Manual, Prentice-Hall
3. Consider the same situation as in Q2. In which case does the dumbbell acquire the greater
energy?
(a) A
(b) B
(c) no difference
(d) the answer depends on the rotational inertia of the dumbbell.
Mazur, Peer Instruction: A User's Manual, Prentice-Hall
Problem-solving questions
4.
(a) In the figure below, what minimum speed does a 100 g particle need at point A to reach
point B
(b) What minimum speed does a 100 g particle need at point B to reach point A?

Knight, Physics for Scientists and Engineers, 8/e (10.32)

PHYSICS 1, TUTORIAL 5, WEEK 6 PAGE 1


5. A 10 kg box slides 4.0 m down the frictionless ramp shown in
the figure, then collides with a spring with spring constant 250
N/m.
(a) What is the maximum compression of the spring?
(b) At what compression of the spring does the box have its
maximum speed?

Knight, Physics for Scientists and Engineers, 8/e (10.71)


6. A sled starts from rest at the top of the frictionless, hemispherical, snow-covered hill shown in
the figure.
(a) Find an expression for the sled’s speed when it is at angle φ.
(b) Use Newton’s laws to find the maximum speed the sled can have an angle φ without
leaving the surface.
(c) At what angle φmax does the sled ‘fly off’ the hill?

Knight, Physics for Scientists and Engineers, 8/e (10.76)


7. A thin 100 g disk with a diameter of 8.0 cm rotates about an axis through its centre with 0.15 J
of kinetic energy. What is the speed of a point on the rim?
Knight, Physics for Scientists and Engineers (12.11)
8. What are the x- and y-coordinates of the centre of mass for the uniform steel plate shown in the
figure below.

Knight, Physics for Scientists and Engineers (12.54)


9. Determine the moment of inertia about the axis of the object shown in the figure below.

Knight, Physics for Scientists and Engineers (12.56)

Bibliography
E. Mazur, Peer Instruction: A User's Manual, Prentice-Hall, (1997)
R. Knight, Physics for Scientists and Engineers - A Strategic Approach, Pearson (Addison-Wesley), 2/e (2008)
J. Walker, Fundamentals of Physics, John Wiley, 8/e (2008)

PHYSICS 1, TUTORIAL 5, WEEK 6 PAGE 2