The religion that Mughals inherited was Islam but during their rule we see much diversity.

In most time of their rule we see religious tolerance but that was more of their political policy. Akbar introduced his religion in which he was considered as divine. Due to this Muslim scholars were very much against him. Mughals were also inspired from Christians. We can see that in their paintings depicting virgin mother and son. Some Buildings decorations show Christian influence especially in Jahangir’s time. Babar: Babar was the first mughal emperor. He was the descendent of Chengiz khan. His rule was a mixture of different cultural influences like Persian, Mongol and Indian culture. He allowed the Hindus to build their temples and worship their Gods. Babar destroyed the hindu temple and made the famous Babri Masjid. The issue still remains unsolved. Humayun: Humayun was the son of Babar. He was a drug addict and due to which he lost most of the land conquered by his father. He later on regained a few back. He didn’t realy attended any problems regarding religion. That doesn’t mean there were no problems but because he didn’t get time or that due to other political stuff going on. Akbar: Akbar became the emperor at the age of 13. He believed that all religions should be tolerant and should be treated at equality basis. He freed the Hindus from the tax that they used to pay to perform their religious activities. Akbar made a new religion, a combination of all the existing religions in his empire, naming it Din-e- Elahi. This religion of Akbar was based on an ethical system in which lust, sensuality and pride were considered as sins. Not many people realy followed Din-e-Elahi except his elite class. Akbar prayed in various places including churches and also used divine names of Islam as battle cries. The Akbarnama mentions that Akbar visited a priest in Goa. He asked for translation of Christian books in Persian. But Akbar was never converted into a Christian. He sent his aunt Gulbadan and wife salima along with other royal ladies for pilgrimage to Mecca. When they returned they brought back the relic of qadam-e-rasool (PBUH) that Akbar went to pay homage too. He made an Ibadat Khana in Fatehpur Sikri where he used to hold religious debates and discussions. Akbar’s life in term of religion has always been a subject of debate since we can see so much diversity regarding his religious views.

Many Mughals twisted religion because of their political policies. A lady mystic. Aurangzeb: Aurangzeb was a very observant and religious Muslim emperor. Qadi Qadan and Madho lal Husain are very famous poets. He was a liberal Sufi. He was a sunni muslim and used to wear muslim clothes. Hindus were no longer allowed to live under their religious laws. In 1696. He built Badshahi Mosque in Lahore. Conclusion: Most of the mughals were very tolerant towards religion. Many of the Hindu temples were destroyed. Shah abdul latif and Sachal Sarmast are also famous for mystic songs. His takaluss was Zafar. The extremisms of Aurangzeb were one of the major reasons of the decline of Mughal Empire. He destroyed many Hindu temples and also demolished many churches. a ‘Golden Alphabet’ in which each verse starts with one letter of alphabet and ends with exclamation hu. The mother of Shah Jahan was hindu. Bubu Rasti is considered to be one of the experts on classical Persian mystical poetry.Jehangir and Shah Jahan: JEHANGIR was the next Mughal emperor and he readopted Islam as the state religion. He considered himself as a saint and used to have many pupils. He used to pray regularly and fast during the holy month of Ramzan. he banned the performance of shia muharam rites and processions. But overall the role of religion cant be neglected and has played a very important role throughout Mughal rule. Music was disliked. His court included all religious scholars. Bahadur Shah: He was the last Mughal Empire. He was also a poet. The commander of Akbar’s army was also a very good mystical poet. Mystical Poetry: During the reign of mughals mystical poetry flourished. He imposed the shria law throughout his empire. We can see diversity throughout Mughal era. They let people practice their respective religion freely. He did not allow hindus to wear muslim dresses. Tuhfa-almursalaila’n-nabi was written during mughal era. Sultan Baho cant be ignored who is mainly known for his Siharfi. Bulhe Shah is another great poet. Shahjahan himself was a very good mystical poet. .

.org/ http://www. (Editor).edu:8080/~dee/MUGHAL/AKBAR.wsu. 2002.shtml Ziad.html http://www.php/Mughal ‘The Magnificent Mughals’ http://www.HTM Oxford: Oxford University Press.HTM http://www.sikhiwiki.BIBLIOGRAPHY: http://www.



Sign up to vote on this title
UsefulNot useful