Betla National Park & Tiger Reserve

Place : Palamau, Daltonganj district, Jharkhand

Best season Nearest Town Main attraction

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October to May, open throughout the year Daltonganj (25km) Tiger, Chital, Gaur

Situated in the district of Daltonganj, Palamau Sanctuary is spread over an area of 979sq.km. The core area of 232 sq. kms of the sanctuary was declared as Betla National park in September1989. The park occupies the western parts of the Chotanagpur plateau and was constituted in the year 1960 as an extension of the Hazaribagh National park. Palamau has the distinction of being the forest where the world's first tiger census was enumerated in 1932. The park became one of the earliest 9 tiger reserves in India under 'Project Tiger' in 1974. The forests of the park have a vast range of vegetation consisting of tropical wet evergreen forests in the lower reaches, mixed (moist & dry) deciduous forests in the middle and temperate alpine forests in the upper reaches including Sal and bamboo as the major components along with a number of medicinal plants. The river Koel and its tributaries run through the northern portion of the park. There are grasslands in the river flowing area. It has waterfalls and hot springs too. Once the seat of Chero kings, there are two historical forts, one of them belonging to the 16th century deep inside the forest. The main sentinel of the old fort is visible high up on the hill with defenses in three directions and three main gates.

Dachigam National Park
Place Main attraction : : Srinagar, Jammu & Kashmir Hangul /Kashmir stag (Red Deer) May to August for upper Dachigam and September to December

Best time to visit : for lower Dachigam

Nearest town

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Srinagar (22km)

Dachigam National Park, a place with abundant natural beauty is located 22km north east from Srinagar in the state of Jammu and Kashmir. It covers an area of 141 square kilometers with altitude ranging from 5500 ft to 14000 ft above mean sea level. Due to this variation, the park is differentiated as upper and lower Dachigam. The park has been a protected area since 1910, first under the care of the Maharaja of Jammu & Kashmir and later under the observation of the concerned government authorities. It was upgraded and declared a National Park in the year 1951. Two steep ridges enclose the Park with its great topographical varieties like deep ravines, rocky outcrops and steep wooded pastures. The vegetation include grasslands, coniferous forests and mostly dry alpine pastures. The Daghwar river regarded as the life line of the park, flows through the center of the forest and is a vital source of drinking water.The ideal way to enjoy the beauty of the reserve is to go on foot. The region of the lower Dachigam is easily accessible through a metalled road. But Upper Dachigam is accessible only on foot. The park is a trekker's paradise.One can enjoy trekking and camping here along with its exclusive varieties of animal and plant species. There are numerous tracks that can be traversed. Many of these tracks can be attempted by all visitors and is not tiring. But some of the tracks to the upper reaches are quite difficult and require proper camping or climbing equipment. It is better that these treks be attempted by serious trekkers and only in the summers. A small part of the park in lower Dachigam can be toured by jeep. This 10 km long relaxing tour runs along the river Daghwar. Jeeps can be hired from Srinagar.

Hemis High Altitude National Park
Place Main attraction Best time to visit Nearest town : : : : Ladakh, Jammu & Kashmir Shapu, Bharal, Snow Leopard June to October Ladakh

Named after the famous monastery Hemis Gompa, the national park spread out over 600 sq. Km, is situated at Ladakh in J&K. The park known as the Snow leopard capital of India has an altitudinal range of 3,300 to 6,000 m, and hosts a remarkable variety of wildlife. Hemis was established as a national park on 4th February 1981. This national park offers the tourists an abundant treasure of natural beauty with mountains of various shapes and sizes, mixed with vast flatlands, deserts and bordered by the fast flowing river Indus. Hemis occupies much of the catchments of the lower Zanskar River, from its confluence with the Markha river to its meeting with the Indus. The smaller northern sector consists of Sumdah Valley which runs south-east until it meets the main Zanskar Valley. In the southern sector is the beautiful Markha Valley, also a tributary of the Zanskar Valley, and the Rumbak Valley which runs eastwards directly into the Indus Valley.

Madhav National Park
Place Main attraction Best time to visit Timings : : : : Shivpuri district, Madhya Pradesh Migratory Birds November and May 6.30 am to 10 am and 2.30 pm to 6.00 pm.

Madhav National Park is situated in Shivpuri district of Madhya Pradesh. Spread over an area of 354.61 sq.km, the park was set up in the year 1959. Previously, the park was the hunting reserve of the Scindia rulers of Gwalior and the Mughal rulers. It has been recorded that Emperor Akbar captured elephants from here and over the years the elephant numbers had reduced quite drastically by the greed of the overzealous Mughal rulers. Madhav National Park is unique, since it remains open throughout the monsoons unlike other national parks and sanctuaries. The park is rich in its flora and fauna which compels the nature admirers to visit this park. Besides wildlife, this park is also famous for some other attractions. George Castle, built by the Jiyaji Rao Scindia, is situated in the dense forests of the park at a high point. Hundreds of tourists visits this spectacular George Kaisal fort in Madhav National park.

Manas Tiger Reserve and National Park
Place Best season Nearest Town Main attraction : : : : Barpeta District, Assam October to April Barpeta Road Great Hornbill, Tigers

Manas is situated in Kamrup-Golapara district, on the foothills of the Himalayas south east of river Manas along the Assam- Bhutan border. The beautiful park earlier known as North Kamrup is spread over an area of 391 sq km and was declared a sanctuary on December 01, 1928. It was established as the core of the Manas Tiger Reserve from April 1973 and elevated to the position of a National Park status on September 7, 1990. It was accorded the status of World Heritage Site in 1985 for its rare wealth of endangered species. The park extends over the national boundary to Bhutan where it is known as the Royal Manas Park. Manas is home to 20 of the most endangered species of animals which include the rare golden langur, hispid hare, pygmy hog, red pandas etc. The main highlight of the park is the Giant hornbill, two subspecies of which, the pied and grey varieties are found here. The park is rich in mammals and birds, which includes elephants, tiger, panther, leopard, clouded leopard, gaur, wild-buffalo, great one horned rhinoceros, rare golden langur, capped-langur, civet cat, squirrel, sloth beat, sambar, swamp deer, hog deer, otter, monitor lizard, gharial, python, great hornbill, florican cormorants, ergets and many other species of migratory and predatory birds. The major problem in the park is rhino poaching.

Anshi National Park
Place Nearest town : : North Kannada district, Karnataka Dandeli (37.5 kms)

Main attraction Best time to visit

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Black panther November to June

The Anshi National Park is an evergreen tropical rainforest situated in the North Kannada district in Karnataka. The park covering an area of 340 sq km is considered as India’s most endangered wildlife park. Anshi lies on the Karwar- Londa highway and is part of the Dandeli wildlife sanctuary. Anshi got the designation as National Park in1987. Dandeli is a small town located on the banks of the Kali river in Karnataka. The forests around this town was established as Dandeli wildlife sanctuary in 1975 with an area of around 500 sq kms. The Anshi National Park and the adjoining Dandeli wildlife sanctuary together make up the Dandeli Wildlife Division of the Karnataka Forest Department. The topography of the park is such that it has deep valleys, steep hill slopes and dense forests. The altitude of the park varies from 200 m to 927 m and the temperature ranges between 16-37 degree Celsius. The best time to visit the park is between November and June. The unique feature of the park is that it is the only place in Asia where Black Panther is found, naturally.

Nagarhole National Park (Rajiv Gandhi National Park)
Place Nearest town Best time to visit Main attraction : : : : Kodagu (Coorg), Mysore district, Karnataka Kutta - 7 kms Between March and August Elephants, Tigers and birds; Elephant Safari, Jeep safari

Nagarhole National Park is one among India's best wildlife parks, established in 1955 as a sanctuary and designated as a National park in 1975. Recently it was renamed as Rajiv Gandhi National Park after the late Prime Minister of India. The park is located at Kodagu (Coorg) in Mysore district in the state of Karnataka. The vast area of the park, 572.90 sq km is united with Arikeri, Hatgat, Nalkeri, Mysore reserve forests, streams, waterfalls, Hills and valleys etc . Nagarhole is part of the 2400 sq km of forest which includes the Bandipur National Park in Karnataka, Mudhumalai Wildlife Sanctuary in Tamil Nadu, Wayanad Wildlife Sanctuary in Kerala which together constitute the Niligiri Biosphere Reserve. This is the largest forest cover of its kind in South East Asia. The altitude of Nagarhole Park varies between 700-850 meters. The maximum temperature reaches 33 degrees C and the minimum is 14 degrees.

Sunderbans National Park & Tiger Reserve
Place Best Time to Visit Nearest Town Main attraction Birds : : : : 24 Paraganas district West Bengal September to March Gosaba (50 km) Royal Bengal Tiger, Crocodiles, Olive ridley turtles, Migratory

Established in 1978 in twenty four Paraganas district, Sunderbans Tiger reserve is spread over an area of 2608 sq. kms. Sixty percent of the demarcated area of the Sunderbans sprawling actually over 9630sq.km, is in Bangladesh. The national park with a core area of 1330sq.km, has been designated as a World Heritage Site in 1985 and is a part of the Project Tiger. The Sunderbans has three wildlife sanctuaries at Sajnekhali, Lothian Island and Haliday Island. The park has estuarine mangrove eco-system as it is situated in the deltaic estuaries of the Ganga and Brahmaputra. The entire inter tidal zone has been designated as Biosphere Reserve under the Man and Biosphere program. This littoral forest supports a diversity of trees and shrubs adopted to conditions and inundation by high tides. Straddling the rivers Hooghly in the west and Teulia in the east the park has many small rivers, forested islands besides the vast stretch of mangrove swamps.

Sariska National Park & Tiger Reserve
Place Best season : : Alwar district, Rajasthan October to March Alwar (37 kms) Tiger Reserve under Project Tiger 6-10 am, 3-6 pm

Nearest Town : Significance :

Park timings :

For those looking for adventure, greenery, fresh air and loads of fun with nature, then Sariska National park is the place for you. Surrounded by the barren Aravalli hills, Sariska Tiger Reserve in Alwar district is one of Rajasthan's popular wildlife destinations. Formerly a hunting preserve of the Maharaja of Alwar in the Aravallis, the park was declared a wildlife reserve in 1955 and then a Tiger Reserve in 1978 under Project Tiger. Sariska is among the 28 Tiger reserves in the country which have come up since 1970. Covering an area of 800 sq km in total including a core area of approximately 500 sq km, the place is located 249 km South West of Delhi and 110 km North East of Jaipur.

Srriska National Park & Tiger Reserve
Place Best Time to Visit Nearest Town Main attraction : : : : Sawai Madhopur district Rajasthan October to March Gwalior (99 km) Royal Bengal Tiger, Leopards, Migratory Birds

Ranthambore National Park is one of the biggest and most renowned national park in Northern India. The park is located in the Sawai Madhopur district of southeastern Rajasthan, which is about 130 km from Jaipur. Being considered as one of the famous and former hunting grounds of the Maharajas of Jaipur, today the Ranthambore National Park terrain is major wildlife tourist attraction spot that has pulled the attention of many wildlife photographers and lovers in this destination.

Chandoli National Park
Place Best Time to Visit Nearest Town Main attraction : : : : Sangli, Maharshtra India Aug to Feb Kolhapur (75 km) Tigers, Indian Bison

Chandoli National Park is situated on the western part of the state of Maharashtra. The national park exhibit a very wide and rich bio diversity as it is situated right in the middle of the Western Ghats. This wildlife area was declared as a wildlife sanctuary in 1985 and then it acquired the status of National park in the year 2004. This has acquired the status of being the most popular national park of Maharashtra for its varied ecological diversity. The park is rich in flora and fauna with around 23 species of mammals and 20 species of amphibians and reptiles. This is one of the best and the most sought after destinations for the tourist having interest in bird watching. This exhibit around 123 species of birds for making your tour a worth visit. It also offers some of the must visit attractions in the national park such as Vasant Sagar Reservoir, Kandhardoh falls and Tanali falls offering varied options to entertain and mesmerize yourself.

Dudhwa National Park

Place Nearest town Best time to visit Significance

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Lakhimpur-Kheri District, Uttar Pradesh Palia (5 km) November and May Famous for its one horned rhinoceros

Dudhwa National Park, located in the foothills of Himalayas in Uttar Pradesh, is famous for its one horned rhinoceros that is listed among the endangered species. Located in Dudhwa 238 km North of Lucknow, the park is covering an area of about 680 sq.kms, along the IndoNepal border in Lakhimpur-Kheri District. The area was declared as a reserve forest in 1937 and a sanctuary, called Sonaripur covers over 15 sq km was formed here in 1958 to protect the swamp deer. And in 1968, a larger part of the area was included to form the Dudhwa Sanctuary. The area was notified as a national park in January 1977. In 1988 the park was declared as a tiger reserve and forms the Dudhwa Tiger reserve together with the Kishanpur Wildlife Sanctuary. Very similar to the Corbett National Park, the park is bordering the Sarda River in the Terai. It is a perfect habitat for a wide range of animals.

Nanda Devi National Park
Place Nearest town Main attraction Significance 31st October. : : : : Chamoli district, Uttarakhand Joshimath (25km) Designated World Heritage Site by UNESCO The park is open only for a period of six months from 1st May to

Inscribed on the World Heritage List in 1988, Nanda Devi National Park is located in Chamoli district, within the Garhwal Himalayas of Uttarakhand state. The park extends from the

latitude 30°24' in the North to the longitude 79°53' in the East. Spread over an area of 630sq.km, the park was established in 1980 and declared a National Park in1982. The park is dominated by the Peak Nanda Devi (second highest peak in India ) which rises to over 7,800 m. Other peaks around the park are Trishul, Dunagiri, Bethartoli etc. Though the park was notified only in 1980, it has a long history. W.W. Garden was the first person to be here in 1883. But it was the visit of Bill Tilman and Eric Shipton, the two British Mountaineers who made a successful attempt on Nandadevi in 1936, which made it more famous. Slowly, more and more expeditions and treks began to be conducted here and by 1950 onwards large number of tourists frequenting this place affected its pristine nature.

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