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Jurisdiction In Civil Cases

1. SUPREME COURT
A. ORIGINAL
1. EXCLUSIVE
Petitions for certiorari, prohibition or mandamus against the:
1. Court of Appeals
2. Commission on Elections
3. Commission on Audit
4. Sandiganbayan
2. CONCURRENT

a. With the Court of Appeals


Petitions for certiorari, prohibition or mandamus against
the:
1. Regional Trial Court
2. Civil Service Commission
3. Central Board of Assessment Appeals
4. Court of Tax Appeals
5. Other quasi-judicial agencies
6. National Labor Relations Commission
b. With the Court of Appeals and Regional Trial Court
1. Petitions for certiorari, prohibition or mandamus
against courts of the first level and other bodies; and
2. Petitions for habeas corpus and quo warranto
c. With the Regional Trial Court
1. Actions against ambassadors, other public ministers
and consuls
B. APPELLATE
Petitions for review on certiorari against the:

a. Court of Appeals
b. Sandiganbayan
c. Regional Trial Court in cases involving:

1. the constitutionality or validity of a treaty, international or


executive agreement, law, presidential decree,
proclamation, order, instruction, ordinance or regulation
2. the legality of a tax, impost, assessment, toll or a penalty in
relation thereto;
3. the jurisdiction of a lower court
4. only errors or questions of law
2. COURT OF APPEALS

1. ORIGINAL
1. EXCLUSIVE
Actions for annulment of judgments of the Regional Trial Court
2. CONCURRENT
3.

a. With the Supreme Court


1. Petitions for certiorari, prohibition or mandamus
against the:
1. Regional Trial Court
2. Civil Service Commission
3. Central Board of Assessment Appeals
4. Court of Tax Appeals
5. Other quasi-judicial agencies
6. National Labor Relations Commission
b. With the Supreme Court and Regional Trial Court
1.
1. Petitions for certiorari, prohibition or
mandamus against courts of the first level
and other bodies
2. Petitions for habeas corpus and quo
warranto
2. APPELLATE
1. ORDINARY APPEALS from the

1. Regional Trial Court


1. except in cases exclusively appealable to the
Supreme Court
2. Family Courts
2. APPEAL BY PETITION FOR REVIEW from
1. Court of Tax Appeals
2. Civil Service Commission
3. Central Board of Assessment Appeals
4. Securities & Exchange Commission
5. Land Registration Authority
6. Social Security Commission
7. Office of the President
8. Civil Aeronautics Board
9. Bureaus under the Intellectual Property Office
10. National Electrification Administration
11. Energy Regulatory Board
12. National Telecommunications Commission
13. Department of Agrarian Reform under R.A. 6657
14. GSIS
15. Employees Compensation Commission
16. Agricultural Inventions Board
17. Insurance Commission
18. Philippine Atomic Energy Commission
19. Board of Investments
20. Construction Industry Arbitration Commission
21. Any other quasi-judicial agency, instrumentality, board or
commission in the exercise of its quasi-judicial functions,
such as voluntary arbitrator
3. PETITIONS FOR REVIEW from the Regional Trial Court
in cases appealed from the lower courts
2. REGIONAL TRIAL COURTS
1. ORIGINAL
1. EXCLUSIVE
1. Actions wherein the subject matter is not capable of
pecuniary estimation
2. Actions involving title to or possession of real property or
an interest therein, where the assessed value of such
property exceeds PhP 20,000.- [in Metro Manila, PhP
50,000.-]
1. except forcible entry and unlawful detainer
3. Actions in admiralty and maritime jurisdiction where the
demand or claim exceeds PhP 100,000.- [in Metro Manila:
PhP 200,000.-]
4. Matters of probate, testate or intestate, where the gross
value of the estate exceeds PhP 100,000.-[in Metro Manila:
PhP 200,000.
5. Actions involving marriage and marital relations
6. Cases not within the exclusive jurisdiction of any court,
tribunal, person or body exercising judicial or quasi-judicial
functions
7. Actions and special proceedings within the exclusive
original jurisdiction of the former Juvenile and Domestic
Relations Court and of the Court of Agrarian Relations as
now provided by law; and
8. Other cases where the demand or the value of the property
exceeds PhP 100,000.- [in Metro Manila: PhP 200,000.-]
1. exclusive of interest, damages, attorney’s fees,
litigation expenses and costs
2. CONCURRENT
1. With the Supreme Court
1. Actions affecting ambassadors, other public
ministers and consuls
2. With the Supreme Court & the Court of Appeals
1. Petitions for certiorari, prohibition and mandamus
against the lower courts and bodies
2. Petitions for habeas corpus and quo warranto
2. APPELLATE
All cases decided by lower courts in their respective territorial
jurisdictions
3. METROPOLITAN, MUNICIPAL & MUNICIPAL CIRCUIT TRIAL
COURTS
1. ORIGINAL
1. EXCLUSIVE
1. (1) Actions involving personal property valued are not
more than PhP 100,000.- [in Metro Manila: PhP 200,000.-]
2. (2) Actions demanding sums of money not exceeding PhP
100,000.- [in Metro Manila: PhP 200,000.-]
1. exclusive of interest, damages, attorney’s fees,
litigation expenses and costs
3. (3) Actions in admiralty and maritime jurisdiction where
the demand or claim does not exceed PhP 100,000.- [in
Metro Manila: PhP 200,000.]
1. exclusive of interest, damages, attorney’s fees,
litigation expenses and costs
4. (4) Probate proceedings (testate or intestate), where the
gross value of the estate does not exceed PhP 100,000.-
[in Metro Manila: PhP 200,000.-]
5. (5) Forcible entry and unlawful detainer cases
6. (6) Actions involving title to or possession of real property,
or any interest therein, where the assessed value does not
exceed PhP 20,000.- [in Metro Manila: PhP 50,000.-]
1. exclusive of interest, damages, attorney’s fees,
litigation expenses and costs
7. (7)Provisional remedies where the principal action is within
their jurisdiction
2. DELEGATED
Cadastral or land registration cases covering
1. lots where there is no controversy or opposition
2. contested lots where the value of which does not exceed
P100,000.-
3. SPECIAL
Petitions for habeas corpus in the absence of all Regional Trial
Court Judges in the province or city
4. SUMMARY PROCEDURE
1. Forcible entry and unlawful detainer cases
1. irrespective of the amount of damages or unpaid
rentals sought to be recovered
2. All other court cases except probate proceedings, where the
total claim does not exceed P10,000.- exclusive of interest
and costs

* Based on the Judiciary Act of 1980, as amended