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SOCIAL NETWORKING SITE
Submitted to: Ms. Priya Bhasin
Project Member: Shweytank Mishra(Team Leader) Ankur Gupta Shubham Chitranshu Chetan Arora
I owe a great many thanks to a great many people who assisted and helped me during and till the end of the project. I would like to express my gratitude towards Ms Priya Bhasin, Department of Computer Science and Technology, Ambalika Institute of Management & Technology, Lucknow, for her guidance and scholarly encouragement. I would also thank my Institute (A.I.M.t) and all faculty members, without whom this project would have been a distant reality. I also extend my heartfelt thanks to my supporting friends and well wishers. Finally, this acknowledgement is incomplete without extending our deepest-felt thanks and gratitude towards our parents whose moral support has been the source of nourishment for us at each stage of our life.
Software Specifications……………………………………. .7-8. . 0-level DFD…………………………………………... COVER PAGE ………………………………………………….. TITLE OF PROJECT……………………………………………. 5. 1. 3. 11..... 2. Hardware Specifications…………………………………. REQUIREMENT ANALYSIS…………………………………… 9-11. 10. i. a) b) c) User’s Perspective………………………………………….. 4. DATA FLOW DIAGRAM (DFD)………………………………. ii. d) Maintenance………………………………………….TABLE OF CONTENTS 1...15.11-12. 7. 10. AIMS AND OBJECTIVES………………………………………. INTRODUCTION………………………………………………. a) b) c) Context Diagram……………………………………. 12-14. 11. 9. 9. 1-level DFD………………………………………….. 12-15. FUTURE SCOPE OF THE PROJECT…………………………… 16. 8. MODULE DESCRIPTION………………………………………. 6. ACKNOWLEDGEMENT ……………………………………….. 2.
Social Networking .
We begin by defining what constitutes a social network site and then present one perspective on the historical development of SNSs. theoretical traditions.INTRODUCTION Since their introduction. The purpose of this introduction is to provide a conceptual. as well as users' engagement with them. or nationality-based identities. As of this writing. By collecting these articles in this issue. and analytic approaches. and scholarly context for the articles in this collection. many of whom have integrated these sites into their daily practices. Following this. While their key technological features are fairly consistent. sexual. blogging. but others help strangers connect based on shared interests. and Bebo have attracted millions of users. such as mobile connectivity. Sites also vary in the extent to which they incorporate new information and communication tools. or activities. culture. Facebook. with various technological affordances. Some sites cater to diverse audiences. the cultures that emerge around SNSs are varied. and meaning of the sites. Cyworld. political views. there are hundreds of SNSs. drawing from personal interviews and public accounts of sites and their changes over time. social network sites (SNSs) such as MySpace. historical. This special theme section of the Journal of Computer-Mediated Communication brings together a unique collection of articles that analyze a wide spectrum of social network sites using various methodological techniques. and photo/video-sharing. religious. supporting a wide range of interests and practices. our goal is to showcase some of the interdisciplinary scholarship around these sites. implications. while others attract people based on common language or shared racial. we review recent scholarship on SNSs and attempt to contextualize . Most sites support the maintenance of pre-existing social networks. Scholars from disparate fields have examined SNSs in order to understand the practices.
and (3) view and traverse their list of connections and those made by others within the system. it is not the primary practice on many of them. (2) articulate a list of other users with whom they share a connection. an individual is asked to fill . often between strangers. "Networking" emphasizes relationship initiation. After joining an SNS. The nature and nomenclature of these connections may vary from site to site. To emphasize this articulated social network as a critical organizing feature of these sites. While we use the term "social network site" to describe this phenomenon. This can result in connections between individuals that would not otherwise be made.and highlight key works. but rather that they enable users to articulate and make visible their social networks. their backbone consists of visible profiles that display an articulated list of Friends1 who are also users of the system. 2005) who share some offline connection. While networking is possible on these sites. We chose not to employ the term "networking" for two reasons: emphasis and scope. and these meetings are frequently between "latent ties" (Haythornthwaite. 3). they are primarily communicating with people who are already a part of their extended social network. p. What makes social network sites unique is not that they allow individuals to meet strangers. 2003. but that is often not the goal. the term "social networking sites" also appears in public discourse. Profiles are unique pages where one can "type oneself into being" (Sundén. and the two terms are often used interchangeably. On many of the large SNSs. we label them "social network sites. Social Network Sites: A Definition We define social network sites as web-based services that allow individuals to (1) construct a public or semipublic profile within a bounded system. We conclude with a description of the articles included in this special section and suggestions for future research. nor is it what differentiates them from other forms of computer-mediated communication (CMC). participants are not necessarily "networking" or looking to meet new people." While SNSs have implemented a wide variety of technical features. instead.
Some sites allow users to enhance their profiles by adding multimedia content or modifying their profile's look and feel. some MySpace users have hacked their profiles to hide the Friends display. On most sites." Facebook takes a different approach—by default. These one-directional ties are sometimes labeled as "Fans" or "Followers. making them visible to anyone. The visibility of a profile varies by site and according to user discretion. regardless of whether or not the viewer has an account. . After joining a social network site. LinkedIn controls what a viewer may see based on whether she or he has a paid account. Sites like MySpace allow users to choose whether they want their profile to be public or "Friends only. 2006a). although there are exceptions. The Friends list contains links to each Friend's profile." and "Fans. because the connection does not necessarily mean friendship in the everyday vernacular sense." "Contacts.net are crawled by search engines. Structural variations around visibility and access are one of the primary ways that SNSs differentiate themselves from each other." Most SNSs require bi-directional confirmation for Friendship." but many sites call these Friends as well. Alternatively. The profile is generated using the answers to these questions. location. such as Facebook. Others.out forms containing a series of questions. users are prompted to identify others in the system with whom they have a relationship. but some do not. which typically include descriptors such as age. Most sites also encourage users to upload a profile photo. profiles on Friendster and Tribe. allow users to add modules ("Applications") that enhance their profile. enabling viewers to traverse the network graph by clicking through the Friends lists. The term "Friends" can be misleading. and the reasons people connect are varied (boyd. users who are part of the same "network" can view each other's profiles. and LinkedIn allows users to opt out of displaying their network. The public display of connections is a crucial component of SNSs. the list of Friends is visible to anyone who is permitted to view the profile. unless a profile owner has decided to deny permission to those in their network. interests. The label for these relationships differs depending on the site—popular terms include "Friends. and an "about me" section. By default. For instance.
or other factors that typically segment society (Hargittai.g. QQ started as a Chinese instant messaging service. sexual orientation. While SNSs are often designed to be widely accessible. or other identity-driven categories in mind. MySpace. AsianAvenue. but some web-based SNSs also support limited mobile interactions (e. many attract homogeneous populations initially. educational level. . and Skyrock (formerly Skyblog) was a French blogging service before adding SNS features. was launched in the United States with an English-only interface. Some have photo-sharing or video-sharing capabilities. Dodgeball).com. Not all social network sites began as such. and BlackPlanet were early popular ethnic community sites with limited Friends functionality before re-launching in 2005-2006 with SNS features and structure. religious. There are mobile-specific SNSs (e. this issue).g. SNSs often have a private messaging feature similar to webmail. While both private messages and comments are popular on most of the major SNSs. Friends. for example. they are not universally available. LunarStorm as a community site.. but Portuguese-speaking Brazilians quickly became the dominant user group (Kopytoff. others have built-in blogging and instant messaging technology. In addition." although sites employ various labels for this feature. Beyond profiles.Most SNSs also provide a mechanism for users to leave messages on their Friends' profiles. Classmates.. SNSs vary greatly in their features and user base. so it is not uncommon to find groups using sites to segregate themselves by nationality. Many SNSs target people from specific geographical regions or linguistic groups. There are even SNSs for dogs (Dogster) and cats (Catster). and private messaging. political. Some sites are designed with specific ethnic. and Cyworld). age. even if that was not the intention of the designers. comments. 2004). MiGente. Orkut. Cyworld as a Korean discussion forum tool. began supporting articulated lists of Friends after SNSs became popular. although their owners must manage their profiles. although this does not always determine the site's constituency. This feature typically involves leaving "comments. a directory of school affiliates launched in 1995. Facebook.
Myspace etc. creation and deletion of Comments. hence providing a reliable and efficient Communication online so as to assist users to afford it without much trouble. Though not encapsulating the overall and complete traits of a real social networking (since it rely on a real environment). which works quite similar to Social Networking Site like Facebook. status. .AIMS AND OBJECTIVES Aims: This project aims to develop a website which provides a Communication among peoples on network. display of various color schemes etc. Objectives: The objective of the project is to explain and elaborate the concept of “Social Networking Sites” to the users. this site can present some general functions like running voting on some activities going on in the country.
But still from the analysis the primary concerns are: Ease to use: How easy is it to navigate and operate the system? Effectiveness: How effective is the site when communicating through various users? Ease of access the website: Do user need any specific hardware requirements? User Satisfaction: How much satisfied are the users with the website and the product? . it was discovered that initially an easily applicable site should be developed which later on can be advanced into a fully fledged working networking system.REQUIREMENT ANALYSIS The requirement analysis for this web project was divided into various sections. Users are the people who actually use the Social Networking on their computers. and they will ultimately decide if the product succeeds or fails (a product will surely fails if no one wants to use it). through analysis from the existing social networking sites. These were based on: User’s Perspective These would be the most important stakeholders for this project. These sections were analyzed by us according to the various perspectives.
IE8 • • For Software Product: .2 GHz 512MB 80 GB 1.Hardware Specifications: • • • • • • • • Processor Name: Processor Speed: RAM: Hard Disk Capacity: Floppy Drive: CD Drive: Display Device: Keyboard Type: Pentium IV 3.44 MB 52X CD RW Microtech Monitor IBM E54 KB9910 Software Specifications: For Website: • • • Technology Implemented: Language Used: Database: User Interface Design: Web Browser: ASP.NET C# My SQL Server2008 HTML Mozilla.
4 .• • • Operating System: Programming Language: Software: Windows XP JAVA JDK 1.
MODULES DESCRIPTION 1. Preview of Available Resources Display Structure Theme .com. Registration on Website. Output: • Send a mail on user Email Address which contains Password and Special Character Pin.: XYZ@yahoo.g. • 2. Designing: Inputs: • • Functioning: • • Interface between User and Website. Existing E-Mail Address on any Website. E. Authentication from website. Beginning with User Sign up and Authentication: Inputs: • • • User Information.
Maintenance: Inputs: • • • • Implement Security Issues Risk Assessment Error and Fault detection Regularly updating and modifying the project Functioning: • Output: • Constantly monitoring and enhancing the project quality Allows project to sustained and effectively render services as expected . Data Flow: Functioning: • Output: • Project Released on internet Action in Response to user Input. 4.3.
Check. test final check Implementatio n Release and use Access.DATA FLOW DIAGRAMS Internet sources concerned guidance User Generates 0. Updates Social netwo Authentication rk fee works upon Website visitors Scope of advancement Other future Context diagram Internet resources Concepts Beginnin g with social awarenes s ideas Develope rs (we) Design. modify feedback Feedback .
Maintenan ce Faculty/ examin Other future users 0 Level DFD 1 Level DFDs Sign up page resources Sign up Validation Begin with user signup and SN authenticatio Send Email to new user n Special Character Password Field Authentication to website regular check Library Internet User Observer/ Admin i) Designing Module Website template Placement of text Developers (we) Technology in use Interface Implementatio n Predefined codes .
Display structure ii) Data Flow module Link Database with website Release on net Developers (we) Regular update Registration and Authorization View feedback Release and use feedback Future users End users (faculty. observers) Release and use module Maintanance Errors and fault correction Risk assessment Maintenanc e .
In general. The identification of clear-cut interfaces is a standard structured programming technique. which (in theory at least) reduces software maintenance costs. . This is because of the high redevelopment costs. this approach makes sense for making people communicate on web. the ONLINE SOCIALNETWORKING approach warrants consideration.e. social networking). the effort to develop and maintain a ONLINE SOCIALNETWORKING is usually far less than that expended for a real life system: The most difficult problem is specifying a virtual machine which can peacefully coexist with the desired target systems.Developers (we) Security issues Feedback End users (iv)Maintenance module FUTURE SCOPE OF THE PROJECT The advantages and disadvantages of a ONLINE SOCIALNETWORKING are much the same as those for a real life . The only controversy might be over the particular choice of structure (i. However. In some respects. whenever organizational site is likely to outlive its hardware.
. when such social networking site is easily approachable to the user via website. it is easy and convenient for them to be in touch with their colleagues.Now. It gives further opportunity to the coming users to enhance the IT technologies.
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