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Lecture # 16 (09/10/2009)

Sections of solids-2

Prof. P. S. Robi and Dr. Subashisa Dutta

http://shilloi.iitg.ernet.in/~psr/ Indian Institute of Technology Guwahati Guwahati – 781039

1

Revolved Sections

Revolved sections show the shape of an object's cross-section superimposed on a longitudinal view

Any part with an odd number of spokes or ribs will give an unsymmetrical and misleading section if the principle of true projections are strictly adhered to. The spoke is rotated to the path of the vertical cutting plane and then projected on the side view. Neither of the spokes should be sectioned (hatched).

Ribs, lugs and holes often occur in odd numbers and shouldbe aligned to show the true relationship of elements. True projection of the ribs (A) show the pair on the right shortened suggesting that they does not extend to the outer edge. Section (B) shows symmetry. Rib part is not sectioned. At (C), the lugs and holes are aligned showing the holes at their true radial distance from the axis.

Ribs are never sectioned (hatched)

shown

Pulley A has a solid web connecting the hub and rim. Pulley B has four spokes. Even though the cutting plane passes through two of the spokes, the sectional view of B must be made with out hatching the spokes in order to avoid the appearance of a solid web.

Section of solids

• Section of prisms: The section plane parallel to VP Section plane parallel to HP Section plane perpendicular to HP and inclined to VP Section plane perpendicular to VP and inclined to HP

**Section plane parallel to VP
**

Draw the projection of the solid without section plane. (top view and the front view according to the given conditions) Then introduce the section plane in the top view as it is parallel to the VP and seen as a line in top view. Carry it to the front view

**Section plane parallel to the HP
**

A triangular prism, base 30 mm side and axis 50 mm long is lying on the HP on one of its rectangular faces with its axis inclined at 30 to the VP. It is cut by a horizontal section plane at a distance of 12 mm above the ground. Draw its front view and sectional top view.

•Step 1 : Draw the projections of the prism in the required position. •As the section plane is parallel to the horizontal plane, it will be seen as a straight line parallel to XY in the front view •Project the section to the top view. The true shape of the section will be seen in the top view

Section plane parallel to the base of the pyramid A pentagonal pyramid base 30 mm side and axis 65 mm long, has its base horizontal and an edge of the base parallel to the VP. A horizontal section plane cuts it at a distance of 25 mm above the base. Draw its front view and sectional top view.

Section of pyramids

A pentagonal pyramid has its base on the HP and the edge of the base nearer the VP, parallel to it. A vertical section plane, inclined at 45 to the VP, cuts the pyramid at a distance of 6 mm from the axis. Draw the top view, sectional front view and the auxiliary front view on an AVP parallel to the section plane. Base of the pyramid is 30 mm side, axis 50 mm long

A cylinder of 40 mm diameter, 60 mm height and having its axis vertical is cut by a section plane, perpendicular to the VP, inclined at 45 to the HP and intersecting the axis 32 mm above the base. Draw its front view, sectional top view, sectional side view and the true shape of the section

Draw the sectional FV, TV and SV of the object shown in Fig. 9.34(a).

Example 15.10 A cube of 70 mm long edges has its vertical faces equally inclined to the VP. It is cut by an AIP in such a way that the true shape of the cut part is a regular hexagon. Determine the inclination of the cutting plane with the HP. Draw FV, sectional TV and true shape of the section. 1. Draw TV and FV of the cube as shown. As the true shape of the section is a hexagon, the cutting plane must cut the prism at 6 points. Obviously, the cutting plane will cut two edges of the top, two edges of the base and two vertical edges. The POIs at two vertical edges will be farthest from each other. These points will represent the two opposite corners of the hexagon and the distance between them will be equal to b( b1)– d( d1).

2. Draw a line 3–6 = b( b1)– d( d1). Draw a circle with 3–6 as a diameter. Inscribe a hexagon 1– 2–3–4–5–6 in it as shown. Measure the distance between 1–2 and 4–5, i.e., PQ. 3. In FV, locate 3’ at the midpoint of b’( d’)– b1’( d1’). With 3’ as a centre and radius = ½( PQ), cut arcs on a’ b’ and b1’ c1’ to locate 1’ and 4’ respectively. Join 1’–4’ for the required cutting plane. Measure . 4. Draw X1 Y1 parallel to 1’–4’. Redraw hexagon 1–2–3–4–5–6 as 11–21–31–41–51– 61 such that pq is parallel to X1 Y1. Project all the corners of the hexagon in FV. 2’, 6’ and 5’ will coincide with 1’, 3’ and 4’ respectively. 5. Project 1’, 2’, 3’, etc., to 1, 2, 3, etc., on the corresponding edges in TV to obtain the section. 3 and 6 will coincide with d( d1) and b( b1) respectively.

- Lecture 1
- Lecture 10
- Lecture 7
- Lecture 15
- Lecture 20
- Lecture 12
- Tutorial 5
- Tutorial 6
- Lecture12 Intersections of Solids
- Lecture 13
- Lecture 18
- Lecture 19
- Tutorial 8
- Tutorial 2
- Lecture 5
- Lecture 11
- Lecture 14
- Lecture 21
- Lecture 22
- Lecture 9
- Tutorial 1
- Lecture 6
- Lecture 8
- Tutorial 10
- Lecture 3
- Tutorial 9
- Tutorial 3
- Tutorial 4
- Lecture 4
- Lecture 2
- Lecture 16

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