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0 HISTORICAL DEVELOPMENT OF AUTOMATED STORAGE AND RETRIEVAL SYSTEM (ASRS) Automated storage and retrieval systems (AS/RS) are inventory management systems that are widely used in distribution centres and warehouses throughout the United States and the world. AS/RS systems generally consist of machines that move up and down one or multiple parallel storage aisles, storing and retrieving products and materials for dissemination to internal and external destinations alike. The advantages of these systems are numerous. Automated Storage and Retrieval Systems (AS/RS) are typically used in applications where: there is a very high volume of loads being moved into and out of storage; storage density is important because of space constraints; no value adding content is present in this process; accuracy is critical because of potential expensive damages to the load. They provide users with increased inventory control and tracking, including greater flexibility to accommodate changing business conditions. Indeed, these systems are comprised of modular subsystems that can be easily replaced to minimize downtime and extend the service life of the overall system. AS/RS systems also reduce labour costs, lowering necessary workforce requirements, increasing workplace safety, and removing personnel from difficult working conditions (such as cold food storage environments). Perhaps most significantly, however, AS/RS systems can produce major savings in inventory storage costs, as vastly improved warehouse space utilization—both vertically and horizontally—creates greater storage density.
VARIOUS MAKERS/VENDORS 1
SMU 3742 ADVANCE MANUFACTURING
There are some various makers or vendors of ASRS in Malaysia. The following table below shows the details of the companies that were provided ASRS: Company MAE HANDLING SYSTEM SDN BHD 39B, Jalan Susur Perdana Tengah, Taman Bukit Perdana 2, 83000 Batu Pahat, Johor, Malaysia. Tel : 607-4336757 Fax : 607-4334737 Email : email@example.com URL : www.mae.com.my Company Profile MAE is an industrial company which offers its specialities in material handling technologies to its customers. The major core value of the company is to assists its customers to sharpen their competitive edge with the state-of-the-art material handling system which in turn prepare them for a better position in the ever changing market. Products & Services: Vertical System (pallet lifter system, ventilator, scissor-lift, bucket elevator, enmasse conveyor, spiral conveyor, etc), Panel Board Handling System (star cooler, board stacking station, board reject station, board lifting system, feeding station, etc), Sorting and Distributing System, Bulk Material Handling System (trough belt conveyor, bucket elevator, pipe conveyor, etc), Storage and Retrieval System (mobile rack system, automated horizontal carousel system, etc), Customised System. Alpha Master (M) Sdn. Bhd. is a leading supplier in Malaysia automation industry, supplying automation system & Machines. It is also a well known Electrical Switch Board manufacturer in Malaysia metal fabrication industry. Since it’s incorporated in 1991, Alpha Master utilizes its state of the art facility and dedicated staff to provide our customers with the highest quality equipment and service possible. Products & Services: ASRS, Sheet Metal Work, Electrical Switch Board, Machining Works, Machine Framework Structure, Conveyor System, Trolleys, Racks Tables & Benches, Ovens, Jigs and Fixtures, Pneumatic Actuator and AGV Transport.
ALPHA MASTER (M) SDN BHD Plot 108 & 109, Lorong Perusahaan Utama 2, Prai Industrial Estate 4, Bukit Tengah, 14000 Bukit Mertajam, Penang, Malaysia. Tel: 604-507 7811 Fax 604-507 2150, 508 2728 Website: http://www.alphamaster.com.my E-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org
DEXION LIMITED MR2-01-01Sri Acappella Commercial Annex
Dexion is capable of storing and filing just about anything. From books and files, x-rays, medical products, DVD, CD and video storage, office 2
KUALA LUMPUR. Double Deep Pallet Racking.my supplies.Shah Alam Selangor Darul Ehsan. they started with only one melding machine. Binning and Shelving.intracopallet.compactus. Bhd. Selangor Darul Ehsan. Super Hygiene Pallets.com. Products & Services: ASRS. magazines. Today. Raised Storage Areas. Storwall and Lockers See Hau Global Sdn. Rack Accessories. Shelf Containers. newspapers. Semi-Open Front Storage. Jalan TP5.com SSI SCHAEFER SYSTEMS (M) SDN BHD No. 40100.0 TECHNICAL INFORMATION FOR AUTOMATED STORAGE AND RETRIEVAL SYSTEM (ASRS) 3 . trade.Malaysia Tel: 60-60 3 5511 1688 Website: http://www. 2. Tel: 60-603 8024 6373 Fax: 603-56211013 Website: http://www. Cargo Pallets. Static Shelving. Products & Services: Pallet Handling Systems. Whether in industry. With over 50 subsidiaries worldwide.SMU 3742 ADVANCE MANUFACTURING Jalan Lompat Tinggi 13/33 Sekysen 13. Since its inception in 1937. and criminal evidence. etc. clothes.com/ 3. Automatic-order picking systems. You name it. personal effects. Storage and Transport Containers. Drawer Systems. SSI SCHAEFER is a strong and reliable partner. and Plastic Bins. Products & Services: ASRS. Taman Perindustrian UEP Subang Jaya 47600 Subang Jaya. Carton Live Storage. Modular Shelving. and a Dexion product is storing it somewhere. Top Frame.ssi-schaefer. commerce or public organisations. Integrated Systems. weapons. SEE HAU GLOBAL SDN BHD 80 JALAN PAHANG. to artefacts of historical significance. 53000. is a leading manufacturer and marketer of high quality plastic pallets. Specialists Racks. their total annual production capacity comes close to one million pieces. Established in 1994. Medium Duty Pallets. general inventory. sporting equipment. our products are in use on all continents and fulfil your tasks efficiently and competently. SSI SCHAEFER has been an owner-operated. German family company. Malaysia Tel: 60-3-40421355 Fax: 60-3-40423407 Website: http://www. WILAYAH PERSEKUTUAN. making the company the largest manufacturer in Malaysia and this region.
pallets. "GO GREEN with High Density" automated warehouse designs have significantly less environmental impact 6. conventional warehouses . they need an Automated Storage and Retrieval System (AS/RS or ASRS) that helps to reduce inventory.saves on construction costs and provides sustainable energy savings 2. Minimizing your building footprint .SMU 3742 ADVANCE MANUFACTURING Automated Storage & Retrieval System (AS/RS) is to ensure smooth flow of materials and efficient use of labour in manufacturing and warehousing facilities.typically 40%+ in cooler environments 4.up to 50%+ vs. its high-rise storage capabilities make optimal use of available floor space. buffering and sequencing of standard and nonstandard loads. containers. Maximizing available storage space in existing structures 3. Automated Storage & Retrieval Systems (ASRS) increase warehousing efficiency by: 1. Increasing accuracy & customer service 7. Westfalia's ASRS are better by design. This flexibility enables the system to meet your unique storage control and handling needs. triple supported load structures and more System Types a) AS/RS Inquiries 4 . Require a supplier who will truly partner and develop an automated warehousing solution. Also. As a top company in industry. Reducing your energy costs -. Reducing your labour & product damage costs 5. and machines and is specifically designed to fit products and processes. due to our patented Satellite® technology. It is built around racks. AS/RS improves productivity of transporting. shipping and labour costs.
depending on the application. Some possibilities include single or dual shuttle. model to model. One key feature of mini-load AS/RS is that it maximizes the cube. manual methods. or totes with load weights typically falling in a range of 100 to 500 pounds. or cartons A mini-load automatic storage and retrieval system handles loads that are typically contained in small containers. Systems can range from 10' to 50' (or even higher in some cases). The capacity range can go to 750 to 1000 pounds on the high end. It can also handle these totes with much more velocity than conventional static. cartons. containers. frame.SMU 3742 ADVANCE MANUFACTURING Inquire about your automated storage and retrieval system Mini-Load Automated Storage and Retrieval Systems Automated storage and retrieval systems for totes. robotic arm. saving space horizontally. or extractor load transfer methods. saving space while increasing throughput. as can dimensional variables. Mini-load systems tend to run quieter than other methods. Unit Load Automated Storage and Retrieval Systems: AS/RS for Palletized Loads 5 . Speed options can vary from manufacturer to manufacturer. as well. A mini-load system lets you store more material in less space. especially material in totes. Despite that speed. Mini-load systems offer a variety of load handling methods. Mini-load can offer a narrow footprint.
but can apply to containerized loads. and faster than conveying systems • Easy programming and inventory control 6 . this means pallet loads. b) Sorting Transfer Vehicles (STV's) Smooth. quiet.SMU 3742 ADVANCE MANUFACTURING Automated storage & retrieval for unit loads Unit load is the material handling term for any configuration of materials that allow it to be moved by material handling equipment as a single unit. Typically.
they can receive loads as well as deliver them. What's more.or multi-vehicle continuous loop. or as a single. • Ready for expansion STV systems are designed to grow right along with you. Standard modular components can be easily configured to meet a variety of building layout. • Efficient sortation STV's can sort loads to different delivery stations without the complex conveyor intersections that can hamper throughput. And because STV's are bi-directional. space. You can also expand your STV layout using the existing modular power supply and connecting new components to the existing track and input/output stations as needed. and performance requirements. • Flexible layout options STV's give your flexibility using a straight or L-shaped layout. Simply define the layout to the controller and it directs the STV where to go and what to do. As your operating volume increases. Automated Guided Vehicles 7 .SMU 3742 ADVANCE MANUFACTURING STV's feature onboard microprocessor control with no complex programming functions. even on separate floors. several independent STV systems can be controlled using the same controller. simply add STV's to the system to increase capacity.
the entire discussion is typically reduced to a capital basis. value is created when facility or warehouse processes are made more efficient or eliminated altogether by the type of storage method employed. routing. Guidance system may consist of a wire embedded in the floor. Unit load. Ultimately. and heavy carrier type for huge. fork type that utilize a fork or mast. The variety in configurations of AGVs is endless. laser and optical system. traffic management. vehicle management. Little or no consideration is given to the ongoing operating costs or potential capital avoidance. Functions include navigation/guidance. Compare between the AS/RS and other method. Most effective where highly repetitive tasks are performed over extended distances. special tape. which are the type listed in our performance reports above. commercial/office type. 8 . Basic AGV classifications include Tow Type (for pulling carts & trailers). heavy loads. which carry pallet or other container loads on decks. and system management. virtually any type of material handling equipment can be converted to an AGV. load transfer.SMU 3742 ADVANCE MANUFACTURING AGVs offer a configurations for handling function variety of flexible nearly any material AGVs are automatically-programmed vehicles that drive to pre-planned points and perform pre-programmed functions. When comparing automated pallet handling methods such as AS/RS (automated storage/retrieval systems) or HDDS (high-density dynamic storage systems) to standard rack or drive-in rack methods.
and even ancillary areas such as drop-lot costs can be reduced in the faster-turn automated environment. What needs to be considered is the entire operation using a total system view. equipment such as fork trucks and dock doors can also be reduced by as much as 50%. The unit measure of comparison for warehousing alternatives should not be oversimplified by the 'cost per position' approach. Both capital and operating cost information must be analyzed so that the more realistic measure of 'cost per pallet through' can be compared. CAPABILITY. reduced damage from multiple handling. replenishment and staging functions in many cases can be completely eliminated. LIMITATIONS. Operating costs have a similar relationship to value creation.SMU 3742 ADVANCE MANUFACTURING A reason people like to use 'cost per position' when discussing storage methods may be that it is easier to talk about equipment as a simple unit of measure. lower utilities including the high cost of refrigeration in freezers. However. In addition. depending on the automated pallet handling technology employed. and the potential to increase the productivity of shipping and receiving activities via automation can be as high as 300%. It can be argued that the capital avoidance in the building footprint and related costs such as land purchase can be as much as 50%. taking into account all the process elements incorporated and their associated costs. using 'cost per position' is not always a complete measurement. The bottom line difference can be substantial. A. AND SUITABILITY 9 . Other pertinent operating savings exist. The manual storage. A significant area in a comparison between the automated pallet handling and manual methods is the one-time facility costs of the land and building.
achievable commitment can be made. Controlling and updating inventory management. faster response to a need.SMU 3742 ADVANCE MANUFACTURING Automated Storage and Retrieval Systems (ASRS) are typically used in applications where there is a very high volume of loads being moved into and out of storage where storage density is important because of space constraints. Benefits of ASRS: • • • Reducing product loses from handling damage. 10 . Better inventory accuracy and better responsiveness to need result in reduction or elimination of “safety stock” in the overall inventory model. • • Minimize downtime and extend the service life of the overall system. Improves product quality and productivity. With near 100% accuracy and real time information about the inventory on hand. locations errors. They are used widely in both manufacturing and distribution operations to hold and buffer the flow of material moving through the process to the ultimate end user. and search time. Most systems operate in a fully automated mode with little or no human involvement in the handling of material except at the controlled input and output stations to the system. • Improving control of material and eliminating excessive and repetitive handling of material. • Reduces work-in-progress inventory. and where no value adding content is present in this process. physical protection. • Bringing material to the operator cutting cycle time by eliminating wait. • Provides real-time inventory control with instant reports. walk. Providing facilities for business growth. Real time information. This results in extremely high inventory accuracy. and traceability of material access all contribute to a better process where time can be spent on improving the quality of the process instead of on expediting material to a point of use. and theft.
and work environment. Steep cost of downtown: the warehouse operation comes to a complete halt Low tolerance to discrepancies due to mechanization. High capital investment Reduce flexibility of the warehouse B. Removing personnel from difficult working conditions ( such as cold food storage environments ) • • Reduce labour cost by lowering necessary workforce requirements. APPLICATIONS There are various ASRS concept that may be combined to achieve cost effective solutions within the framework of the objective that have been established for the application. security.SMU 3742 ADVANCE MANUFACTURING • • • • Improving operator productivity Saving energy Greater flexibility to accommodate changing business condition. Swift payback of investment Limitations of ASRS: • • • • • Higher maintenance coat than typical lift trucks. Reducing inventory storage cost as vastly improved warehouse space utilization of real estate. Automation of the entry and exit operations of products. ASRS concepts incorporate the following primary functions: Storage Function 11 . • • • • Operating 365 days a year Improving safety.
supports JIT manufacturing strategy. The Unit Load Storage methods are expressed in a variety of rack configurations. It offers maximum entry and extraction speed boxes. Conveyors are fixed path handling systems that carry. ASRS system can be built with one box one each side of the aisle (single deep) or with two boxes one each side of the aisle (double deep). a unit load is any load configuration handled as a single item. AGVS are independently powered driverless vehicles used to carry loads to and from P&D Stations.SMU 3742 ADVANCE MANUFACTURING Input/output Function Order Picking Function i) Storage Function Storage function may be accomplished in a variety of ways according to the application requirements. the work-in-progress storage also helps to manage WIP in factory operations. Furthermore. ii) Input/output Function Input/output function is most commonly performed by conveyors. Fixed P&D Stations are locating fixtures for inter-face with S/R Machines. 12 . Single deep storage is ideal for companies that give priority to speed and flexibility of the system over total storage capacity. Unit load ASRS and deep-lane ASRS are used to performed this function. fixed P&D Stations or Automated Guided Vehicle Systems (AGVS). Single depth offers a single box location in the racking. For example. It is ideal for companies that require a balance between storage capacity and speed of handling. Double deep storage offers two boxes depth per location. All the boxes have direct access. kitting of parts for assembly and enables buffer storage between operations with different production rates. queue and position loads for transfer to and from S/R Machines. and so it is used mainly when the products stored are all of the same category and level of consumption and there is usually no more than one box per reference or SKU.
build desktop computer models “OptiPlex” and “Dimension”. C. Logistic Network Inc. manon-board ASRS. full service reference laboratory by the Department of Pathology at the University of Utah Health 13 . refrigerator and freezer sections were added to delivery trucks and an operation control system using GPS was introduced. the ASRS system are using to sorts completed products to be transported from the build. They are using high capacity system to supports small-lot delivery with two floors with a TC (cross docking type) function on the first story and a centralized and enhanced DC (inventory type) function on the second. Logistics Network develop a high-capacity DC containing a large area for storing fresh and freezer foods and also a staging area for store delivery. To control product quality and different temperatures together.SMU 3742 ADVANCE MANUFACTURING iii) Order Picking Function Order picking function implies the selection of less-than-unit load quantities of material for individual orders. test and boxing area to either direct-ship or to staging in the ASRS Buffer. Within 20 years. therefore. There are two basic methods of order picking: either the operator is moved from location to location to select material for an order or materials are bought to the order selector. Dell became the computer industry leader. The order picking function. and item retrieval system.000 computers each day.000 to 20. in the case of a multi-unit order. specifically to meet customer requirements ate the rate of 15. EXISTING USERS AND THEIR EXPERIENCE Dell Inc. The system that performed order picking function are mini load ASRS. Logistic Network founded in April 2004. Logistics Network is the largest company in the industry and in 2005. The Automated Storage/Retrieval System buffers about 3000 system cases in 6 twin-shuttle S/R machines. may not be included in some systems. So that. ARUP Laboratories ARUP Clinical Laboratories was formed in 1984 as an independent. after acquiring 20 distribution centres belonging to Nichirei Holding Groups.
Overall dimensions and weight of each load configuration must be defined first. ASRS retrieval time for any single tube is < 2. ASRS system has achieved highly significant improvements in TAT. the Storage AutoSorters can each store > 1. and transportable outside the ASRS System. Although SR Machines may handle more 14 . Definitions of the load to be handled Handling of the load outside and within the ASRS must be considered.100 tube per hours.SMU 3742 ADVANCE MANUFACTURING sciences Centre. they are decided to use automated transport and sorting system transport and sort 22-26. bringing the total daily volume on the track system to 40-45. After implement ASRS system the track has a capacity of 7. and efficiency from the application of automation. 4. the following things that a company should be considered are: • • • • • • Definitions of the load to be handled Number of loads to be stored Material flow description Description of operations Architectural/Engineering consideration Plans for future expansion And below is the explanation about all the following things that have been showed before. With growth expected to reach 50. quality. Now. So that.5 minutes.000. which is expected to continue for the next decade or two.000/day. automation has played a key role in ARUP’s ability to keep up with industry growth. storable in the ASRS racks.0 PRE-REQUISITE BEFORE IMPLEMENTATION Before implementing an ASRS. The rapid increase in demand for esoteric specimen testing has pushed ARUP’s annual growth rate from 1994-2003 up to 18 percents. After that. An additional 80 percents of that volume is returned to the track each day to route for additional test or for storage on the Motoman Storage AutoSorters. The essential characteristics of the load are can be transferrable by the SR Machine. 1. Besides.000 new specimens a day.000 new tubes/hour or >10.000 specimens by the year 2012.
2. Material flow description Material flow description should include a definition of all sources and destinations of materials. or the storage capacity. Cube utilization or packing densities for the proposed system must be considered before implementing an ASRS. Description of operations The next logical steps are to describe the operations needed to accomplish the desired material flow. This also should include the essential elements of the record keeping system. and description of operator tasks and times.SMU 3742 ADVANCE MANUFACTURING than one load configuration. must include current requirements and future growth. 4. Discontinuities. the average and peak rates of movement. Cube Utilization Packing Densities 3. points of congestion and any queues must be considered in detail. but also to efficiency of space utilization. Operations involving human operations are often the most critical and very careful 15 . commonality of load base configuration leads not only to simplicity of equipment and controls. Commonality may be achieved through the use of slave pallets or containers to provide a uniform base where uniformity might otherwise be unobtainable. Number of loads to be stored The number of loads to be stored.
The element that ties all system components together to perform as one entity is SYSTEM CONTROL. decision for upgrading or expanding the system should be included not only in physical layout. An important aspect of any expansion or upgrading plan should be consideration of the logistics of integration of the expansion into existing operations with minimum disruption or loss of production. Besides. and planned up modes of operation. it is important to define equipment control and data processing tasks at the earliest possible time. locations of utilities. And to achieve effective system operation equipment reliability. Knowledge of applicable design and construction and specifications is essential to the design process. floor condition and location of utilities may be governing considerations. it is very important to consider equipment reliability. their detection and correction. The selection of back-up modes of operations requires a very careful consideration of the real ability of a given option. Automatic control should be designed for the highest level of reliability and should be backed up by emergency levels of control including manual operation. 6. The achievement of improved material control is one of the most important objectives served by ASRS. to anticipate operator and equipment multifunction. Architectural/Engineering consideration System design is often constrained by architectural and site considerations. If the system is to be located within an existing facility. knowing status. but to the control of materials and also its flow. The correlation of equipment control and also information control is the key to material control. Material control means knowing exactly where material is located. System control not only refers to the control of equipment.SMU 3742 ADVANCE MANUFACTURING description of these tasks is a key element of successful system design. Many existing ASRS systems have been upgraded without expansion of physical 16 . and being able to get it where it is needed exactly when it is needed. operator malfunctions and interruptions is related operations that must be considered. 5. Plans for future expansion The useful life of ASRS systems may substantially exceed the predictable range of business forecasting. and code restrictions is required. special considerations of site dimensional limits. Back-up modes of operations including detection and correction of multifunction are very important. Therefore. If a new facility is to be built. particularly its relationship with record keeping system. but also in the controls of information systems. Besides.
Storage and Retrieval Machine 17 . The rough-cut cost estimate is around RM11 million for each module. Each aisle is 10’ wide. and a depth of 11’. Given such a system. 5. Each cell has a width of 44’.SMU 3742 ADVANCE MANUFACTURING facilities to incorporate new control and record keeping technology after several years of service. The net dimensions of each module are: Length: [(11) x (44)] + 44 = 528 feet Width: [(2) x (11)] + 10 = 32 feet Height: [(11-1) x (12)] + 2 =122 feet The total net area required for each module is less than 15000 square feet while it can store 300 forty feet containers. but as a future benefit that may be incorporated at a fraction of the cost of new equipment when the technology appears. and a P/D stand is located at the end of aisle. Cells are single deep and are designed for 40’ containers. the actual cost data are not available. need to not be viewed as a factor leading to rapid obsolescence of an ASRS system.0 ESTIMATED COST FOR ASRS A hypothetical configuration for implementation ASRS will be discussed in this section. therefore. the space utilization key variables are measured as follows: Gross area assigned per ASRS module: 15000 sqft Forty feet containers stored per module: 300 Forty feet containers stored per 10000 square feet: 153 However. a height of 12’. Rack Structures Our group are agreeing to make estimation for rack consists of 15 bays and 15 tiers. Changing technology.
6. The details of the justifications process are peculiar to each corporation and may vary among divisions.SMU 3742 ADVANCE MANUFACTURING A machine of approximately 90’ high and designed to handle loads of 50000 lbs would likely to have a dead weigh of approximately 160000 lbs including the live load. Reduced heating and lighting facilities may also help to offset ASRS equipment costs. direct and indirect labour 2. Analysis of economic justification is the key to management acceptance for any project. Other than that. ASRS consistently received their funding approval in a wide range of business by showing favourable return on investment. Integration of manufacturing functions with ASRS may magnify these benefits by eliminating floor storage at machining.0 BUYER GUIDE There have a lot of competing demands that using the limited capital investment dollars in business environment. or inspection station by eliminating vehicles aisles and aisle intersections and by shortening paths of material flow. efficiency of building occupancy 3. fabrication. inventory carrying cost and audit cost reduction 18 . the variable and continuing annual costs need to be measured for each alternative are include but not limited to: 1. However. The total load could approach 300000 lbs. there have many common data which is should be considered for each alternative approach. The estimates cost can be around at RM40 million per each machine. Many ASRS have been refitted with new controls and rebuilt machines after ten years of services at a fraction of the cost of new equipment while yielding the benefits of new technology. The ability to plan for extended economic life of equipment beyond the six years common to other material handling equipment must also be considered. Capital benefits of ASRS arise from significant reductions in floor area and often from construction economics found in rack supported structures.
investors segregated for manufacture considerably in advance of need. 19 . Perhaps the most dramatic savings are to be realized from a simple reduction of inventory value. inventory in excess of that needed for insurance against shrinkage and inventory of partially completed products due to material shortages. Carrying cost may range as high as 43% of value per year. The automation of storage and retrieval operations may permit a significant reduction in paper work. The reduction of direct labour will influence the indirect labour for example data processing. taxes and depreciation 5. inventories known to be received but not locatable. Inventory carrying cost and audit cost reduction Studies indicate that average carrying costs of inventory are about 30% of value on an annual basis. maintenance costs Direct and indirect labour This cost should include not only wages but also fringe benefits which may amount to 1/3 of wages or more. accounting and others. Efficiency of building occupancy The efficiency of building occupancy means conversation of energy as well as intensives use of floor area available for adding value to product.SMU 3742 ADVANCE MANUFACTURING 4. Continuing benefits may be measured by rents not paid for off-site facilities by increased value of sales per square foot of plant occupied and by investment deferred because unproductive space is reclaimed for expansion of productive effort. Excess inventories include inventories on hand considerably in advance of need. inventories inaccessible because paperwork is not process.
Other than that. and traceability of material access all contribute to a better process where the time can be spent on improving the quality of the process instead of an expediting material to a point of use. Even the wall panels and roof of rack supported buildings may qualify for these tax incentives.0 ADDITIONAL INFORMATION ABOUT ASRS There have some benefit for the company that using the ASRS. One of the benefit is the company can reduce their work in progress inventory because as we known the better inventory accuracy. ASRS benefit also includes to provide a real time inventory control with instant report. physical protection. Maintenance cost The maintenance skills required by ASRS are common to those required for high technology manufacturing equipment. This has been effect of inventory reduction. 7. The ‘part to picker’ model of order fulfilment is from 3 to 5 times be more productive that having the picker travel to the part to complete the fulfilment. Depreciation cash flow multiplied by the basis income tax rate may be use to estimate savings. Careful assessment of relative maintenance costs of competitive technical approaches to storage solutions is vital to justifications analysis. The reliability of ASRS and related equipment. ASRS also include the benefit of improving the product quality and the productivity.SMU 3742 ADVANCE MANUFACTURING Taxes and depreciation The intimate relationship between rack structure and machines is likely to allow the whole system to be depreciated as machinery rather than as a building. the benefit that companies get is it can increase the productivity of operator. Besides that. the better responsiveness that we need in result reduction and elimination of ‘safety stock’ in the overall inventory model. With near 100% accuracy and real time information are about the inventory on 20 . even severest duty cycles is a proven positive factor. The real time information and the faster response to be need.
answers.htm http://invsee.com/automated-storage.aw-systems.com/material-handling-systems/asrs-systems http://www.com http://www.asu.aspx?cid=4 http://www. REFERENCES http://www.wikipedia.com/Categories/AutoStorRetr.html 21 .cisco-eagle.edu/srinivas/spheresmod/determination.SMU 3742 ADVANCE MANUFACTURING hand. achievable commitments can be made to customer as opposed to ‘best efforts promises’.jervisbwebb.com/topic/automated-storage-and-retrieval-system#ixzz1JFbJShMO http://www.
00 pm – 12.Give group members time and space to choose their own favorite topic.Farid. .00 pm .228. and will be discuss about it in second meeting.Inaugurate Siti Salwah as the group leader.1) Siti Salwah binti Tukimin 2) Marliani binti Sulaiman 3) Nor Faiezah binti Abd Malik 4) Atiqah binti Abu Hassan • Matters Discuss .Go through about the outline given by Mr. WA3. 2nd Meeting • • Date/Day Time . .Discuss and briefing about what topic that want to choose from the 10 topics. . .9.27/03/2011 (Sunday) .00 pm 22 .00 pm – 12. Kolej Datin Seri Endon .SMU 3742 ADVANCE MANUFACTURING MINUTES MEETING 1st Meeting • • • • Date/Day Time Venue Group Members .25/03/2011 (Friday) .Set the date and time for second meeting.10.
1) Siti Salwah binti Tukimin 2) Marliani binti Sulaiman 3) Nor Faiezah binti Abd Malik 4) Atiqah binti Abu Hassan • Matters Discuss . .10.Make a simple briefing about what are Automated Storage and Retrieval System (ASRS). .228.Level 2. 4th Meeting 23 . PSZ. .Decided to choose Automated Storage and Retrieval System (ASRS) topic as the main topic. 3rd Meeting • • • • Date/Day Time Venue Group Members .SMU 3742 ADVANCE MANUFACTURING • • Venue Group Members .Distribute the works for each group members. WA3.00 pm. .00 am – 12. . Kolej Datin Seri Endon . .Set the date and time for third meeting. UTM . so group decided to make voting.Set the date and time for fifth meeting.1) Siti Salwah binti Tukimin 2) Marliani binti Sulaiman 3) Nor Faiezah binti Abd Malik 4) Atiqah binti Abu Hassan • Matters Discuss .To make it more fair.Every group member presented their chosen topic.01/04/2011 (Friday) .
from some books that is related about the topics.1) Siti Salwah binti Tukimin 2) Marliani binti Sulaiman 3) Nor Faiezah binti Abd Malik 4) Atiqah binti Abu Hassan • Matters Discuss .Mr.Try to help group members that is not understand about their part.Search from an internet. WA3.30 pm – 5.1) Siti Salwah binti Tukimin 2) Marliani binti Sulaiman 24 . 5th Meeting • • • • Date/Day Time Venue Group Members . . .SMU 3742 ADVANCE MANUFACTURING • • • • Date/Day Time Venue Group Members .05/04/2011 (Tuesday) . . .14/04/2011 (Thursday) . . . Kolej Datin Seri Endon .Divided the information that was get to each group members and group member seems to be clear what they have to do. Faculty of Mechanical.228.3.around 12 pm.Set the date and time for fifth meeting. Farid rooms.00 pm.
WA3.Siti Salwah asks about how to find the estimated cost for ASRS. . .20/04/2011 (Wednesday) .1) Siti Salwah binti Tukimin 2) Marliani binti Sulaiman 3) Nor Faiezah binti Abd Malik 4) Atiqah binti Abu Hassan • Matters Discuss .00 pm – 5. . . 25 . .234. .Sent the report to the lecturers’ room. table of contents. .Make a cover pages.Atiqah ask about what is pre-requisite topics is about. 6th Meeting • • • • Date/Day Time Venue Group Members . .Everybody seems satisfied and clear what their topics. to ask him some confusion about the assignment. Farid let to borrow one previous report from senior.Meet Advance Manufacturing lecturer.Mr.Grammar and spelling checking. .00 pm. Mr.Combine all the work from each group members. Kolej Datin Seri Endon. Farid.Confirm the date to combine work. .SMU 3742 ADVANCE MANUFACTURING 3) Nor Faiezah binti Abd Malik 4) Atiqah binti Abu Hassan • Matters Discuss .1.