A RESEARCH ORIENTED REPORT ON EXPLORATORY RESEARCH AND ITS IMPLICATION ON BUSINESS RESEARCH By Tanzeel-ur-Rehman Qazi Qazi Roll
A research project submitted to Allama Iqbal Open University Islamabad,H-8
A Research Project Submitted in Partial Fulfillment of the 2nd Assignment of Business Research
It is His blessing for me that I am able to do all this. Lastly but most importantly I am indebted to my Parents and entire family who gave me confidence. it was impossible for me to do this project. care and help were helpful for me throughout difficult time. support. I want to thank all those people whose support and cooperation was essential in this project. It is very important to thank to my supervisor and my dearest teacher Sir M. who gave me this opportunity to acquire all this knowledge. love and care. I want to dedicate this research project to my Dearest Parents without whom I am nothing. Our respected teacher Sir nadeem has given me a project which is about ³exploratary research and its implication on business research´. Their emotional support. I have critically analyzed this company regarding its social concern and also given recommendations for it. Tanzeel ur Rehman Qazi
Abstract As a student of master in Business administration (MBA-IT) in my course of management.Acknowledgement I wish to thank to Almighty Allah. Without his guidance and support. For this project I have consulted different articles in global and USA perspective that how a concept of social responsibility emerged in business sector and its importance in it Then I have chosen DIGITALIVY a software house.Nadeem whose help and advice helped me a lot.
. All of them are blessings for me.
career now refers to changes or modifications in employment during the foreseeable future.Introduction Career Planning: Definition: Career planning is the process by which one selects career goals and the path to these goals . The term careers have often been restricted to suggest an employment commitment to a single trade skill.
Career Management: Career management is the process of designing and implementing goals. there we have to get know how that what is career management and career development. In recent years.
. and semi professional to professional. So before going explain that what career planning is all about.
The word µCAREER¶ covers all types of employment ranging from semi-skilled through skilled. plans and strategies to enable the organization to satisfy employee needs while allowing individuals to achieve their career goals . profession or business firm for the entire working life of a person. however.
Various career development actions prove useful if an employee is committed to career development. This task may be quite difficult when the individual lacks knowledge of career opportunities and/or is not fully aware of their talents and abilities.Career Development: Career development is those personal improvements one undertakes to achieve a personal career plan . 1. Career development consists of personal improvements undertaken by the individual employee. the entire career management process is based on the establishment of defined goals/objectives whether specific or general in nature. medium term or long term . Make sure they are achievable and relate to your longer term career goals. Career development is essential to implement career plan. However.
Goals or objectives development The career management process begins with setting goals/objectives. Most assessments found today for free (although good) do not offer an in-depth evaluation. Short term goals (one or two years) are usually specific and limited in scope. training.
. The time horizon for the achievement of the selected goals or objectives . development and educational programmes provided by the organization and various institutes. A relatively specific goal/objective must be formulated.will have a major influence on their formulation. The most important aspect of career development is that every employee must accept his/her responsibility for development. you will need to evaluate them.short term. Utilizing career assessments may be a critical step in identifying opportunities and career paths that most resonate with someone. Career assessments can range from quick and informal like those on CareerBuilder or may be more in-depth like those such as Myers-Briggs and CareerLeader supported assessments found on MyPath. Regardless of the ones you use. Short term goals are easier to formulate.
more than in the past. Long range goals/objectives. Long term goals (more than 5 years). of course. Decide where you would like to see yourself after five years and in which position. desired lifestyle.
. Make the plan a detailed one so that you can determine for how many years you are going to work in a company in order to achieve maximum success. You need to collect information about yourself while deciding about a particular career option. Making career choices and decisions ± the traditional focus of careers interventions. 6. however. then you must research about top education companies in India and abroad to get into the best company. The changed nature of work means that individuals may now have to revisit this process more frequently now and in the future. dealing with stress etc. abilities. Both intermediate and long term goals are more difficult to formulate than short term goals because there are so many unknowns about the future. and personal traits and then study the relationship between the career opted for and self. Managing the organizational career ± concerns the career management tasks of individuals within the workplace. Intermediate goals (3 to 5 years) tend to be less specific and more open ended than short term goals. are the most fluid of all. artists and designers. and then switch to another. such as decision-making.2. Step Four: Plan of Action: Recognize those industries and particular companies where you want to get into.
Step Three: Academic/Career: Options Narrow your general occupational direction to a particular one by an informatory decision making process. Lack of life experience and knowledge about potential opportunities and pitfalls make the formulation of long term goals/objectives very difficult. 5. may be easily modified as additional information is received without a great loss of career efforts because of experience/knowledge transfer from one career to another. aptitudes. a workstyle common among. priorities and expectations in life. then you determine the feasible ways and objectives how to realize it. 5 Steps to Career Planning Process y Step One: Self Assessment: The first and foremost step in career planning is to know and assess yourself. y Step Two: Goal Setting: Set your goals according to your academic qualification. If you are looking for career in education. 3. for example. You must analyze your interests. work experience. life-stage transitions. Once your goal is identified. Analyze the various career avenues by keeping in mind your present educational qualification and what more academic career courses you need to acquire for it. Managing 'boundaryless' careers ± refers to skills needed by workers whose employment is beyond the boundaries of a single organisation. 4.
Make Career Planning an Annual Event Many of us have physicals. 4. If education has been on your mind. try to convert it in every way for suiting your purpose. And it¶s never too soon or too late to start your career planning. To improve motivation and morale. So. and do a myriad of other things on an annual basis. providing goals to achieve in your current career or plans for beginning a transition to a new career. out of your life.. To correct employee placement. To enable the employees to develop and take them ready to meet the future challenges. Career planning should be a rewarding and positive experience. 6. Try to block out all distractions so that you have the time to truly focus on your career ² what you really want out of your career. visit the eye doctor and dentist. To reduce employee dissatisfaction and turnover. examining every opening to turn to his favor. Career planning is not a hard activity. Kolkata. a successful professional is also quite opportunistic in his moves. Rather. career planning is an activity that is best done on a regular basis ² especially given the data that the average worker will change careers (not jobs) multiple times over his or her lifetime. not something to be dreaded or put off. then.
. To increase the utilization of managerial reserves within an organization. 5.Mumbai. 1. 2. Bangalore and Pune. 7. To provide suitable promotional opportunities.y
Step Five: Catch Hold of Opportunities: Opportunity comes but once. To attract competent persons and to retain them in the organization. Remember. 3. whenever you get any opportunity to prove yourself and get into your desired career. Full Content Here. but rather an activity that should be liberating and fulfilling.
Need for Career Planning: 1. then you will be elated to find ample education job opportunities in various segments including teaching jobs physical education jobs and many more oportunities in various cities of India such as Delhi.
10 Tips for Successful Career Planning
Career planning is not an activity that should be done once ² in high school or college ² and then left behind as we move forward in our jobs and careers. so why not career planning? Find a day or weekend once a year ² more often if you feel the need or if you¶re planning a major career change ² and schedule a retreat for yourself. are 10 tips to help you achieve successful career planning.
now is the time to begin examining new jobs and new careers. If your job and career still fall mostly in the like column. take the time to reflect on your course ² and note why it looks the way it does. While you should not dwell on your past. you will feel more secure in your career choice and direction ² and you¶ll be better prepared for the many uncertainties and difficulties that lie ahead in all of our jobs and career. The great painter Paul Gauguin was a successful business person who painted on the side. Then use this list to examine your current job and career path. one or more which may trigger researching and planning a career shift so that you can be in a job that allows you to accomplish the types of things that make you most happy and proud. He was good at business. to examine non-work activities when doing career planning. Map Your Path Since Last Career Planning One of your first activities whenever you take on career planning is spending time mapping out your job and career path since the last time you did any sort of career planning. Many times your hobbies and leisurely pursuits can give you great insight into future career paths. It actually wasn¶t until he was encouraged by an artist he admired to continue painting that he finally took a serious look at his hobby and decided he should change careers. everybody changes. Making note of your past accomplishments ² keeping a record of them ² is not only useful for building your resume. Needs and Wants Change is a factor of life. Think you can¶t make a hobby into a career? People do it all the time. but his love was painting. Finally. 5.
. if your job activities fall mostly in the dislike column. from your career. 4. but it¶s not. Are you happy with your path? Could you have done things better? What might you have done differently? What can you do differently in the future? 3.By making career planning an annual event. Sometimes reviewing your past accomplishments will reveal forgotten successes. 2. Are you looking to make a difference in the world? To be famous? To become financially independent? To effect change? Take the time to understand the motives that drive your sense of success and happiness. So always take time to reflect on the things in your life ² not just in your job ² that you feel most strongly about. as do our likes and dislikes. Reflect on Your Likes and Dislikes. Examine Your Pastimes and Hobbies Career planning provides a great time to also examine the activities you like doing when you¶re not working. it¶s also useful for career planning. take the time to really think about what it is you want or need from your work. however. taking the time to review and reflect on the path ² whether straight and narrow or one filled with any curves and dead-ends ² will help you plan for the future. It may sound a bit odd. then you know you are still on the right path. Something we loved doing two years ago may now give us displeasure. Once you¶ve mapped your past. Make Note of Your Past Accomplishments Most people don¶t keep a very good record of work accomplishments and then struggle with creating a powerful resume when it¶s time to search for a new job. Make a two-column list of your major likes and dislikes.
juggling multiple tasks. For example. another component of career planning becomes reviewing and adjusting those goals as your career plans progress or change ± and developing new goals once you accomplish your previous goals. A career path that is expanding today could easily shrink tomorrow ² or next year. Never pass up chances to learn and grow more as a person and as a worker. interviewing. skills. Can you be successful in your career without setting goals? Of course. and it¶s much better to categorize yourself in terms of these skill sets than be so myopic as to focus just on job titles. Set Career and Job Goals Develop a roadmap for your job and career success. but information really does lead to power and success. Where will you
. Look Beyond Your Current Job for Transferable Skills Some workers get so wrapped up in their job titles that they don¶t see any other career possibilities for themselves. and education that make you better than all others in your career. she could see that she had this strong collection of transferable skills ² such as writing. you should be able to find a new job. 7. It¶s important to see where job growth is expected. the other advantage of conducting this research is the power it gives you to adjust and strengthen your position. Can you be even more successful through goal-setting? Most research says yes. Besides knowledge of these trends. if you have excellent skills and know how to market yourself. so that even if your career is shrinking. researching. Take the time to contemplate what types of educational experiences will help you achieve your career goals. Look within your company. However. 9. A major component of career planning is setting short-term (in the coming year) and long-term (beyond a year) career and job goals. 10. your professional association. to find potential career-enhancing opportunities ² and then find a way achieve them. having information about career trends is vital to long-term career planning success. Research Further Career/Job Advancement Opportunities One of the really fun outcomes of career planning is picturing yourself in the future. especially in the career fields that most interest you. One of the keys to job and career success is having a unique set of accomplishments. But once she looked beyond her job title. your local universities and community colleges. and managing time and information ² skills that could easily be applied to a wide variety of jobs in many different careers. Every job requires a certain set of skills. meeting goals and deadlines. your unique selling proposition. one job-seeker who was trying to accomplish career planning found herself stuck because she identified herself as a reporter. as well as online distance learning programs. 8. editing.6. part of career planning is going beyond passive acceptance of training opportunities to finding new ones that will help enhance or further your career. investigating. Once you initiate this process. Explore New Education/Training Opportunities It¶s somewhat of a cliche. Review Career and Job Trends Everyone makes his or her own job and career opportunities.
but all job-seekers should take the time to research various career paths ² and then develop scenarios for seeing one or more of these visions become reality. We value our customers and are dedicated to providing accurate and reliable information and service. this process is tedious and time consuming.
Using a SWOT Analysis in Your Career Planning
. Our goal is to make the online shopping experience easy and pleasant.
We help people save time and money. Career planning can have multiple benefits. to a more successful life.com provides a fundamentally better way for consumers to shop. Of course. Final Thoughts on Career Planning Don¶t wait too long between career planning sessions.com continually tell us that they love the site because they love saving money.justcompareit. I-8/3. but again. if you¶re in what you consider a dead-end job.be in a year? In five years? A key component to developing multiple scenarios of that future is researching career paths.529. as with all aspects of career planning. this activity becomes even more essential to you. you¶ll find yourself better prepared for whatever lies ahead in your career ² and in your life.69. do not be afraid to look beyond to other possible careers. JustCompareIt. Users of JustCompareIt.com CEO: AIMAN KHALID Location: House no. Once you begin regularly reviewing and planning your career using the tips provided in this article. Look within your current employer and current career field. from goal-setting to career change.com service allows consumers to search for products they want across several stores at the same time. Most people shopping on the web go from store to store to find the products they want at the right price. Street no. Islamabad
JustCompareIt. With thousands of online stores to choose from.
Organization for sample testing: Software House: DIGITALIVY Project: online shopping site Website: http://www.
g. What are your strengths and weaknesses? How can you capitalize on your strengths and overcome your weaknesses? What are the external opportunities and threats in your chosen career field?
Strengths Internal positive aspects that are under control and upon which you may capitalize in planning I N T E R N A L
y y y
Weaknesses Internal negative aspects that are under your control and that you may plan to improve
y y y
·Work Experience ·Education. teamwork. strong work ethic. A SWOT analysis focuses on the internal and external environments. leadership skills ·Personal characteristics (e.g. including value-added features ·Strong technical knowledge within your field (e. lack of motivation. software. teamwork) ·Weak job-hunting skills ·Negative personal characteristics (e... wrong major ·Lack of goals. optimism. ability to work under pressure.. examine your current situation. communication.g. self-discipline.
. lack of specific job knowledge ·Weak technical knowledge ·Weak skills (leadership. or a high level
·Lack of Work Experience ·Low GPA. programming languages) ·Specific transferable skills(e. This tool is a marketing analysis using the SWOT technique. creativity. lack of discipline. examining strengths and weaknesses in the internal environment and opportunities and threats in the external environment
SWOT Analysis I N T E Your Your R Strengths Weaknesses N A L E X T Opportunities Threats E in Your Career in Your Career R Field Field N A L To construct your own SWOT analysis to set a course for your career planning. communication. hardware. interpersonal. poor work ethic.g.0 A key tool in the strategic planning process can also be applied to career planning. lack of selfknowledge.
For others. but also put yourself inside a prospective employer¶s head as you consider your strong points. Explore your own self-perception of your strengths.. lack of the advanced education/training you need to take advantage of opportunities) ·Limited advancement in your field. Avoid false modesty. Some people know from an early age what kind of work will make them happy. but also be brutally honest and realistic with yourself. chances are many of these characteristics comprise your strengths.g. growth. One of your greatest strengths can be loving the work you do. more specific job goals ·Opportunities for advancement in your field ·Opportunities for professional development in your field ·Career path you¶ve chosen provides unique opportunities ·Geography ·Strong network
y y y y y
·Negative trends in your field that diminish jobs (downsizing. advancement is cut-throat and competitive ·Limited professional development in your field. obsolescence) ·Competition from your cohort of college graduates ·Competitors with superior skills. nailing down the self-knowledge that leads
. too emotional
Opportunities Positive external conditions that you do not control but of which you can plan to take advantage
Threats Negative external conditions that you do not control but the effect of which you may be able to lessen
E X T E R N A L
y y y y y
·Positive trends in your field that will create more jobs (e. technological advances) ·Opportunities you could have in the field by enhancing your education ·Field is particularly in need of your set of skills ·Opportunities you could have through greater self-knowledge.y y
of energy ·Good contacts/successful networking ·Interaction with professional organizations
indecisiveness.g. knowledge ·Competitors with better jobhunting skills than you ·Competitors who went to schools with better reputations. so it¶s hard to stay marketable Companies are not hiring people with your major/degree
To further refine your list of Strengths. you may also want to ask yourself some critical questions adapted in part from an article by Dave Jensen. managing director of Search Masters International.. Start out by simply making a list of words that describe you. Learning to ³follow your bliss´ should be a critical component of managing your career. Weaknesses. and Threats. Opportunities. globalization. ·Obstacles in your way (e. shyness. experience.
and values. As humans. we find it relatively difficult to identify the areas where we are weak. If you identify a skill that you know is in your chosen field. Do the results match your general plans and expectations? In assessing your weaknesses. such as newspapers. personality. and trade publications. Take one or more of the tests and react to the results.
. Past performance appraisals and even your grades and teacher comments from school provide valuable feedback. Don¶t forget print resources. you need to take steps to improve that skill. learning style.to career fulfillment comes from a process of exploring interests. Facing your frailties now can give you a huge head start in career planning. such as those described in Career Assessment Tools and Tests. Take a look at some career assessment and exploration tools. think about what prospective employers might consider to be the areas you could improve upon. Check out job postings on the Internet to get a feel for the relative number of openings in your field. If you are a college student. periodicals. But this assessment helps to identify areas where we may need to improve. but you are weak in that skill area. check out your school¶s Career Services office for information on file on opportunities and threats in your field. skills.