How To Train Your Dog In One Evening


The Trainers Pet Care Specialists

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MEET THE CONTRIBUTOR S ................................ ................................ ............ 5

The Dogs And Their Owners Nugget: An adult dog with housebreaking issues Dudley: A Keeshhond/Wheaton cross who doesn’t come when called Tipper: A Beagle with an itch to run Snoopy: A social Schnauzer who barks too much Whitney: A Border Collie with a digging problem Indy: An enthusiastic Retriever who jumps on everyone Mandy: A loving Golden who forgets how to heel Shelby: An orphaned Lab-mix with a biting problem Riley: An English Cocker Spaniel who chews on everything Abby: A Yellow Lab who is shy around people

CHAPTER 1: PROBLEMS WITH HOUSEBREAKING ................................ 11 CHAPTER 2: NOT COMING WHEN CALLED ................................ .............. 16 CHAPTER 3: RUNNING AWAY WHEN LET LOOSE ................................ ..22 CHAPTER 4: EXCESSIVE BARKING ................................ ............................. 28 CHAPTER 5: PROBLEMS WITH DIGGING ................................ .................. 36 CHAPTER 6: JUMPING ON PEOPLE ................................ ............................. 40 CHAPTER 7: PULLING ON THE LEASH ................................ ....................... 45 CHAPTER 8: BITING AND NIPPING ................................ .............................. 50 CHAPTER 9: CHEWING ON THINGS ................................ ............................ 55 CHAPTER 10: NERVOUS OR SHY DOGS ................................ ...................... 60 FINAL THOUGHTS ................................ ................................ ............................. 67 Bonus Section


Over 40 million American families have dogs. They are our pets, our companions, our family members, and even our guides and protectors. They may be purebreds or mutts, big as a horse or tiny as a teacup. They can cost thousands of dollars or nothing at all. And they each have their own personalities, quirks, and mannerisms that make us love them. Unfortunately, they can sometimes have behaviors that are not so lovable. Lassie won’t stop that incessant barking. Benji runs off and doesn’t come home. Blue doesn’t have a clue. And McGruff is always taking a bite out of something. The love affair that begins when we bring a new dog, especially a puppy, home can go sour quickly if the new pooch develops some bad habits or simply won’t listen. Most of the dogs brought to animal shelters are there because of behavior issues their owners were unable to correct or adapt to. But most of the common canine behavior problems can be corrected with some basic training activities. All it takes is knowledge, patience, and consistency. In this book, trainers and pet care specialists share their stories and tips for overcoming common canine behavior problems. The book is not geared toward training a dog for competition, but is instead intended to help the average dog owner teach their dog basic manners and obedience that will make life with their pet run more smoothly and be more enjoyable. In a survey conducted at training facilities, dog clubs, kennels, and canine-related businesses, the top ten most common and frustrating canine behavior issues were identified. They are:
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housebreaking issues running away not coming when called excessive barking problems with digging jumping on people pulling on the leash biting chewing up things nervous or shy dogs

Each chapter of the book introduces readers to a real dog who exhibits one of these behavior problems. The dog’s owner(s) describe the problem and our trainers and pet care specialists provide a list of proven solutions. Because different tactics work better depending on the dog


isn’t that what it’s really all about? 4 . healthy. The methods described here. Along those same lines. or clicker training. They all agree that by using praise and rewards. or you can try several and see which is most effective in controlling your dog’s behavior. In the end. happy dog that enjoys training and trusts and loves you. We see them as approaches to be used as a last resort. to operant conditioning. and prefer to present pet owners with other alternatives to try first. you are much more likely to end up with a well-adjusted. you can pick the training technique that seems right for you. there are many methods and approaches. The trainers and owners presented in this book all believe that positive reinforcement is a much more effective and philosophically acceptable form of behavior modification than physical punishment. pinch collars. electric collars. ranging from punishment styles that involve hitting the dog. Rather than have a discussion about the pros and cons. if at all. rights and wrongs of using these types of training tools. and other equipment that can be used to train dogs will not be included in this book’s tool chest.and on the owner. we will simply state that the book includes enough well-tested and appropriate methods of correcting dog behavior. In the world of dog training. fall more toward the clicker end of the training spectrum in that they avoid using punishment as much as possible. without having to resort to these more questionable options. which utilizes a device that rewards the dog with a clicking noise and allows absolutely no negative or punishment types of interactions.

barking. therapy dogs. agility competitors. much of Darlene’s instruction focuses on helping owners learn to be patient. The top canine behavior problems she encounters as a trainer are difficulties with housetraining. and to define their role as an owner. She also provides instruction and skill building sessions for other dog trainers. successful obedience competitors. Kathleen teaches obedience classes. 5 . which her daughter shows in 4-H and AKC agility events. and other specially trained canines. She has experience with conformat ion champions.Meet The Contributors The Trainers Kathleen Daniels has been working as a trainer for over 30 years. to better understand his or her dog’s behavior. These training sessions have been so popular that they have been opened up to the public with adult dog owners attending as well. She points out that it is not only her youth students who need assistance in these areas. As a trainer and workshop instructor. She says problems with barking or with being too submissive/shy are the most common behavior issues she sees. seizure alert dogs. Darlene has since become a member of a group of volunteer trainers who provide obedience and showmanship instruction for 4H youth and their dogs. In addition to the basic obedience concepts. Darlene and her husband have two dogs. a Cocker Spaniel and a Border Collie. gives seminars on a variety of topics and offers individual consultations and behavior modification sessions. and digging. pulling on the leash. She raises both Labrador Retrievers and Chinook dogs. Darlene Smetena began her involvement with dog training approximately ten years ago when she decided to teach her dogs to do agility. What began as participation in agility training classes has evolved to a love of dog training and a willingness to share her knowledge with others.

They work together as a team. Cathy offers grooming. They must be comfortable around other people. and they all need to get along. Because of the dangerous nature of their work. The most common problems she sees are aggression toward other dogs and shy or nervous dogs. we have not provided names or photos of the actual individuals or dogs. and an understanding of canine behavior. ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ Pet Care Specialists Cathy Gustafson is the owner of Spur Canyon German Shepherds and Mud Puppies canine center. At her canine care center. they must be reliable and respond to their commands with no hesitation. Mud Puppies. Others in this group are members of the city. and most important. It is a big responsibility to work with a law enforcement dog. 6 . effort. She shows her dogs in both confirmation and obedience classes and has been involved with herding training for several years. doggy day care. but also provide security and search and rescue services. She has learned to identify and correct behavior issues quickly and effectively. and it requires commitment. Several officers from this line of work have agreed to share their insight and training experiences. The dogs in this line of work must be precision trained. They cannot be fearful of new situations. The officers have a deep bond with the dogs and have trained together extensively. and pet supplies. She may have over 15 dogs at her facility at one time. Their dogs are usually trained for drug sniffing. pursuing feeling inmates or protecting their human partners. She also breeds German Shepherds and owns several champions as well as Canine Good Citizen dogs. but not friendly. county. and state law enforcement agencies. and the handlers typically bring the dogs home with them at the end of the day where they interact as part of their families. training classes. Some are officers in correctional facilities with dogs trained for serious tasks such as breaking up fights.The Law Enforcement Canine Officers that contributed to this book have dogs as working partners.

She understands that owners want their pets to behave safely at all times. She stresses that dogs respond differently in these situations. and she gives readers some useful pointers to help dogs become comfortable going to the veterinarian’s office. She gives some straightforward advice for pet owners on teaching your dog to behave and on avoiding adding to your dog’s problems. Even though most of the dogs the Andersons sell are puppies. She also feels that it is important that they come when called and kennel up or crate up when told. Tonia Heller is a Certified Veterinarian Technician at a busy pet hospital. 7 . Another common problem the vet tech sees are owners who baby their dogs too much or who inadvertently reinforce problem behaviors. such as barking and shyness. afraid. feels that it is most important that the dogs are comfortable being handled. they begin working with them early on so that they are socialized. The adult dogs that the Andersons keep for breeding must also be trained.Lauren & Nancy Anderson are the owners of Rock Creek Kennels where they raise AKC Shih tzus. They have been in business for over three years and have had the pleasure of working with over 50 puppies. She feels that dogs who are not comfortable being handled or examined present the biggest problems for she and her colleagues. They share some of the things they do to make sure their dogs are ready to move to a new home and become well-adjusted additions to the family. adult dogs. and their new owners. Nancy. or in pain. Tonia is in a position to see how dogs behave when they are ill. get along with other dogs and have basic manners and obedience. She has an Associates of Science degree in Veterinary Technology. and she has been working with dogs for over 14 years. and he wants to be certain the dogs will be good family dogs. who trims the dogs regularly. Many of their buyers are people with children. but not aggressive. but Tonia feels that even the most well-trained dog can forget its manners if it has been seriously injured. Lauren believes it is also important that their dogs be outgoing.

Some live alone with their owners. Claudia has tried several tactics. he still has housebreaking issues. first hand perspectives on dog behavior and training. He’ll look at us and then just turn away and keep on doing his own thing. doesn’t mean it is a bad dog. and several reside in the country. But although he is around 16 months old.he won’t come when called. ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ Nugget: An adult dog with housebreaking issues Nugget is a Shih tzu that was found running loose on a busy highway. All ten dogs presented here are good dogs with wonderful qualities and amazing potential. Claudia Hahn. we hope to ensure that you will identify several options that will work for you and your dog. His energy and strong personality are evident the minute you meet him. but to no avail. By presenting a large group of dogs and behavior issues. as well as to the owner’s expectations. as well as many training solutions. and several others rescued abandoned or orphaned pups. the unacceptable behaviors are things the dogs’ previous owners introduced or reinforced. It simply shows that it hasn’t been taught acceptable behavior.The Dogs And Their Owners Ten dog owners have agreed to share their stories and give real life. All of these things contribute to a dog’s behavior. Claudia already had Snickers. In most cases. an adult Shih tzu/Poodle and she thought Nugget would be good company for both of them.” his owner Sandi Champeau explains. “He just won’t come when we call him. Nugget fit in well in Claudia’s household and has become a part of the family. Some of the dogs are city dogs living in metropolitan areas. and they can be corrected by following the methods described in this book. He is loved by everyone but is guilty of one of the most common canine behavior problems . As shelter organizers and managers will tell you. but there are common threads that run through all behavior issues and training situations. a single woman in her mid-fifties agreed to take him in. The dogs are a mix of youngsters and older dogs. Many of these owners purchased their dogs from animal shelters. Some live in households with children and other dogs. Dudley: A Keeshhond/Wheaton cross who doesn’t come when called Dudley is 8 months old. “It’s not that he takes off. purebreds and mixed breeds.” 8 . Just because a dog barks too much or jumps on people. these dogs often come with behavior problems.

and outgoing with a desire to please his owner. a 5-month-old Border Collie mix. he even barks when people aren’t paying attention to him. His owner. inquisitive. Linda Smith thought it was cute at first. Indy: An enthusiastic Retriever who jumps on everyone Indy is a 6-month-old Golden Retriever/Black Lab mix with an easy-going disposition. Snoopy barks when people walk by. Snoopy: A social Schnauzer who barks too much Snoopy is an enthusiastic 2-year-old Schnauzer who loves people. Whitney: A Border Collie with a digging problem Whitney. Mandy isn’t able to look the other way. He barks when he plays. but she takes off the minute she is let off the leash. They also have a cabin in the country where they spend many weekends. But she wishes he wouldn’t jump up on people. 9 . unfenced yard. but now it has become annoying because Snoopy won’t stop barking. Mandy is fairly lenient with Whitney and enjoys most of her dog’s behaviors. and she likes to make everyone laugh. He is friendly. He wants to be in the middle of everything and barks constantly to let you know how he feels. The family lives in town and has a large. Mandy Zabel fell in love with Whitney at first sight. But when she digs in the yard and leaves ankle-twisting holes. and thinks that he is great to have around. They would love to be able to let Tipper run loose in the yard or at the cabin. Debbie Wankel. Debbie likes these traits in her dog.Tipper: A Beagle with an itch to run Tipper is a 3-year-old female Beagle who belongs to Susan & Bob Makenzie. Indy also jumps on the counters occasionally and drags stuff down to chew on. She is a dog with a sense of humor. The Makenzies have two children who adore Tipper and spend hours each day playing with her and showering her with attention. he barks when others play. The digging problem began when the Zabels first put Whitney out in her kennel. is the apple of her owner’s eye.

Mandy’s problem is not to the point where she is pulling Katy around. Her owner Katy Selberg got Mandy from an animal shelter when she was almost a year old. Because Mandy is so gentle and loving. Shelby is an energetic dog who loves to play. Once she gets comfortable. but she bites too hard when wrestling with the kids and recently she was injured and snapped aggressively at Tyler when he tried to help her. She does better with new dogs than with new people. but it is a behavior that needs to be corrected.Mandy: A loving Golden who forgets how to heel Mandy is a 5-year-old Golden Retriever. but shy. but it takes her quite awhile to warm up. Abby is a friendly. but Mandy still pulls on the leash during heeling exercises and when out for walks. but not all Labs fit that mold. Her owner. Most recently it has turned into a game. He chews anything he can get a hold of. except for his chewing. Dave Hickey. says she is nervous around new people and dogs. thinks Riley is one of the best dogs she’s had. This can be annoying in any dog. 10-month old female. Obedience classes are going well. Tyler took Shelby in and bottle-fed her for two weeks while they introduced the pup to solid foods. she’s fine. with Riley sneaking off with things to chew on them. Riley: An English Cocker Spaniel who chews on everything Riley is a 10-month-old English Cocker Spaniel with a chewing habit. His owner. Katy has decided to train her to be a therapy dog. Cathy Johnson and her son. Shelby: An orphaned Lab-mix with a biting problem Shelby is a 16-month old female Lab-mix who was orphaned from her mother when just 4 weeks old. 10 . Veronica Woodhouse. Cathy has been told she needs to get rid of Shelby because she bit somebody. Abby: A Yellow Lab who is shy around people Labrador Retrievers are known for their outgoing personalities. Veronica thinks he does it to get attention from her since he often steals things while she is on the phone or busy doing something. He takes her out for walks and to a dog socializing class to help her get exposure to new situations.

I tried newspaper. Snickers.” Claudia said of Nugget’s frequent bathroom accidents. He doesn't read! I tried rubbing his nose in it and putting him out the door. Claudia lives alone and has one other dog besides Nugget.Chapter 1: Problems With Housebreaking Dog’s Name: Nugget Age: about 3 years Breed: Shih tzu Sex: Male Living Situation: Nugget has lived with his owner. Because of his potty training problems. so I took him home. I saw Nugget and thought he was so cute. Nugget is a good boy and fits in well. for the most part. I’ve tried crating him while I’m gone at work and this works well. Claudia Hahn. he still has issues with pottying in the house. I tried the potty pads but he just liked to lay on them. The owner of a nearby boarding facility took Nugget in and let him stay at the kennel until she could find him a new owner. The woman who runs the boarding center helped convince me that he would be a good addition to the family and would give Snickers someone to play with. but I want to let him out to play and spend time with me when I get home from work.” 11 . but it’s been almost a year now. Problems with housebreaking came up over and over in our survey. But although he is over a year old. Nugget is crated while Claudia is at work. since being adopted a year ago. but he ran away. Nugget is a Shih tzu that was found running loose on a busy highway when he was about two years old. housebreaking problems are hard to accept or overlook. I had been bringing my other dog. Whether it’s a new puppy or an adopted adult dog that hasn’t figured out the rules of the new home. I love Nugget. “It’s not like he’s chewing my slippers and I can just pick them up and put them in the closet. He has to learn not to potty in the house. They live in small town in a house with a large yard that is not fenced in. to the kennel for boarding. I will have to consider giving him away. One day when I went to drop Snickers off. Since he doesn’t mess in his crate during the day. He has adapted to our routine and has become a part of the family. “It’s impossible to avoid this problem. If I can’t potty train him.

Normally dogs don’t like to soil the area where they live or sleep. To determine a realistic expectation of how long your puppy can wait. medical reasons such as a bladder infection must be ruled out before moving on to other causes of potty problems. Allow your pet to potty on the papers but remove soiled papers immediately (or as soon as you get home) and put down fresh ones. ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ Training Tips for Housebreaking Puppies and Adult Dogs 1. the carpeting or flooring is already saturated with pet urine. medical reasons order to avoid ongoing confusion.For new puppies. At first your dog or puppy will use the newspapers at random. Some adult dogs will urinate in the house because they don’t know it’s not appropriate. They suggested that Claudia be sure to treat the two dogs equally to avoid encouraging competition. Create a small living area for your dog and place newspaper over the entire area. it becomes more likely that they will potty in their own space again. then it’s time to look for other causes for his bad behavior. They recommended she follow the same housebreaking steps that one would use with a new puppy. but eventually it will begin to show a preference for a certain area. the pet may not have been taught to eliminate outside. Several of our trainers felt his frequent accidents may have something to do with marking territory and trying to establish dominance over the other dog. Have your dog checked by a veterinarian before taking any further action. This is called “dirty dog syndrome” and is most common with kennel dogs and those who have been left in crates for extended periods of time with no choice but to use their crate for a bathroom. he did spend some time in a boarding kennel where he was allowed to eliminate in his living area. take its age in months and add one and that is the number of hours he or she can usually hold it during the day. such as a bladder infection must be ruled out before moving on to other causes of potty problems. With an older dog like Nugget. Nugget has been brought into a new home with another older dog. In some cases. The kennel owner didn’t make any efforts to teach him proper behavior because she had no plans of keeping him. In other situations. If the vet gives your dog a clean bill of health. Gradually reduce the number of papers you put down. focusing your paper placement on the 12 . Puppy owners need to remember that young dogs do not have the ability to hold it as long as adult dogs. In addition. But once a dog breaks this taboo out of sheer desperation.) PAPER TRAINING This method works best for dogs that are left home during the day and cannot be expected to go that long without a bathroom break. Although nobody knows where Nugget came from originally. and needs to be replaced in With an older dog like Nugget. housebreaking is a matter of developing bladder control and learning where appropriate bathroom spots are. But they still felt that the main issue was that Nugget did not know the appropriate place to relieve himself.

you will teach him to go to the bathroom in the long grass out back instead of on the path where you walk every morning.) THE PRAISE METHOD Keep your dog in his living area or right within your reach and take him outside once every hour. Continue to use the paper outside. return to the house for a few minutes and then go out to play. your dog may think it is time to rest rather than get down to business. and praise calmly with a "Yes" or a "Good dog. When your dog gets to the point where he lets you know he needs out. The timeframe can be a bit longer with adult dogs." Getting too animated in your praising will distract the dog from its duties. repeat the word “outside” or some phrase that you can use consistently to signify that it’s time to go to the bathroom. revert back to papering a small area and go through the process again. Once back inside the house after a successful trip. When this process has been repeated successfully several times. The two activities need to stay separate in the dog’s mind until he learns the difference. It’s okay to be a bit more expressive with your approval as you walk back to the house. even if he is a puppy and you are going to carry him. The dog needs to focus on learning to potty outside first. you can try removing the paper from your pet’s living area. repeat a phrase such as "go potty". you have succeeded in your efforts. If you stand still. it is not a good idea to let your dog off the leash or spend time playing after he finishes. that is where he will learn to go. If accidents occur. By taking your pet to the same area each time. etc. They watch the dog closely and quickly take him outside if he begins to eliminate on the papers. As you head for the door. Some people who use the paper training method use the paper only as a backup. 13 . If your pet starts to eliminate. Most experts agree that you shouldn’t expert your puppy to be fully potty trained until he is at least 4 months old.preferred area until the dog is consistently going on one small area. upon waking. When you take your dog outside put him on a leash. If you are still in the potty training phase. If you are lazy or in a hurry and just take the dog outside the door. The key is to teach the dog that there is an appropriate place for pottying. take that scented portion outside and hold it down with a rock or other object while encouraging your pet to eliminate near or on the paper. As the dog learns to go to the bathroom outside. the papers are removed and the outdoor reinforcement continues. Bring your dog to the area where you want him to eliminate. 2. You also need to take your dog outside when possible to allow opportunities for appropriate bathroom behavior. With all housebreaking methods. The leash will help you control and direct the dog once outside. take your dog out to the bathroom first. it is important to avoid accidents in other areas of the house. It is important to avoid accidents unless you are right there to catch the dog in the act and bring them outside calmly but quickly. When you have the allowable area down to a small piece of newspaper. let the dog off the leash and allow him to wander freely for ten or fifteen minutes to start and increase this time with each success. Most trainers agree that during the training phase. Walk your dog on a leash and pace back and forth. but the key is to avoid accidents or soiling of his living area. after eating. This can be difficult for pet owners who work outside the home and want to take their dogs out to play when they return home. Occasional mishaps may occur but that is to be expected for the first few months.

is not recommended as it can lead to other unwanted behavior. punishment. If your puppy whines to go out in the middle of the night and you are certain the need is …punishment. is not recommended short and sweet. 14 . it is still a good idea to give him a treat every now and then when he finishes his business. don’t allow him to potty in the house.) BELL RINGING This technique is more about teaching your dog to let you know when he has to go out. Hang a cowbell or strand of jingle bells on the door handle or attach them next to the sliding door that you use to let your dog outside. accommodate him. give him a treat immediately after. jingle the bells as you go out and ask them. Some people prefer to teach the dog to scratch at the door or bump the door handle. NO PLAYING or you will as it can lead to other unwanted behavior. ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ In addition to techniques discussed in these five methods.If your dog does not eliminate while outside. attentive dogs will make this connection themselves as they repeatedly watch you grab the doorknob to open the door. Try again in an hour. the dog in our example. and limiting water and treats at bedtime. Don’t wait until you get back in the house. No matter which method of housebreaking you choose. or they quietly go sit by the door and wait for you to notice them. 3. 4. Return back to the house and put the dog in his crate or at the very least. such as spanking or rubbing the legitimate. Some dogs are very vocal and will whine and bark when they need to go outside. But other dogs haven’t been taught how to tell you. If you keep a close eye on your pet. but make the trip dog’s nose in the urine. “Do you need to go out?” Repeat this every time for a few days and then switch to using your dog’s paw or nose to ring the bell on the way out. again asking if he needs to go outside. Teaching dogs how to let you know that they need out also strengthens their understanding that outside is the place to potty. as this serves as a good reinforcement tool.) THE TREAT & PRAISE METHOD This approach is similar to the Praise Method. Once your dog is housetrained. sticking with one brand of food as much as possible. a short leash attached to you so you can monitor his actions. He was a kennel dog first. continue walking for a maximum of 5 minutes. and return outside frequently. In addition to praising the dog when he potties outside. or the dog will have difficulty associating the treat with the action of eliminating outside. so he never learned any ways to express himself in this area. When you first begin training him. your pet will eventually have a successful experience that you can praise and encourage. Some intelligent. and the focus of the training is lost. This is one issue with Snickers. and then Claudia kept him in a crate. such as spanking or rubbing the dog’s nose in the urine. It works well for dogs that are respond better to food than to attention from their owners. but includes a treat element. Keep up this routine until your dog takes over on his own. our trainers and pet care providers also suggest feeding your dog at the same time each day. Any longer. teach your dog to wake you up each night to have some fun.

He is simply confused about what is expected. he will have difficulty associating his improper behavior with your corrective actions. but she inadvertently turned his outside time into something stressful and unpleasant. monitoring your dog and insuring that he has plenty of opportunities to go outside and get it right! It may be time-consuming. but it will be worth it in the end.“Don’t stick your pup’s nose in the potty unless you want him to eat it. Claudia admitted that she often spoke in a harsh tone to her pup and expressed frustration while outside for a potty break. Remember. He will think he is in trouble for taking a nap. the best way to housetrain your dog is to avoid accidents by proactive. It is also important to keep in mind that dogs do not have the capability to reason and connect seemingly unrelated activity.” she explained. And that is definitely what you want to have happen here. Regardless of the training technique you use. If you interrupt your dog from a nap to spank him for a mess he made earlier. Other trainers agree. You need to catch him in the act. Her feelings are understandable. consistent action. your dog is not behaving improperly as a means of getting revenge. “It was late or cold and I wanted him to hurry up. so avoid following this outdated and incorrect training behavior. this is what you would do if you wanted to encourage a dog to sniff or eat something new. Praising him for correct behavior is the key. 15 .” warns Kathleen Daniels. In the case of Nugget.

has been working with Dudley and taking him to obedience classes. The problem is not that Dudley runs off. Although Dudley is a larger breed dog and still quite young. My daughter Rachel. leave. 16 . plop down in the grass. Based on this information. only to have him ignore you. wanted to be the one to take him to obedience training. turning in for the night. especially the ones who don’t show him they mean business. He lives with Sandi Champeau and her husband Bruce.Chapter 2: Not Coming When Called Dog’s Name: Dudley Age: 8 months Breed: Keeshhond/Wheaton cross Sex: Male Living Situation: Dudley is a family dog who came from a pet store when he was a puppy. and the youngest one. In Dudley’s case. getting ready to behavior problems. There is nothing more frustrating than needing or Improper use of the “Come” command or wanting your dog to come to you for kenneling. and I can see the improvement in his behavior and in how he listens to her. he just doesn’t take his owners seriously when it comes to this issue. Improper use of the “Come” command or failure to enforce it can lead to serious behavior problems. A dog that does not come when called either hasn’t learned what that means or hasn’t been taught that he has to listen to the command. he behaves pretty well. Also known as the “Recall”. Sandi says that Dudley usually listens to her. or go the other way. They have two daughters at home. There are no other pets in the house. He just sort of looks at us and then goes the other way or continues doing his own thing. failure to enforce it can lead to serious grooming. who is twelve. The family lives in a residential area with a fenced in yard. the trainers and pet care professionals conclude that it is apparent that Dudley knows what the command means. Rachel. The training classes have helped and things seem to be getting better as Dudley gets older. especially with the sits and heeling. but he needs to learn to come when he’s called. And it is the one that owners make mistakes with the most often. But he won’t come when he’s called. or simply for attention. or her other daughter. especially if she calls him in “that certain tone of voice.” But he is less likely to listen to Rachel. He knows to stay close to us and not go out in the street. the “Come” command is one of the most important training activities for your dog. He is doing good in his classes.

we wanted to include some things to avoid when working with your dog. No matter how angry or frustrated you may feel. and if you mean it. Because many dog owners inadvertently create this recall problem themselves. Don’t call your dog if you really don’t need him to come to you. and if you do call him. They will have to work hard to teach their pet that coming to them on command will always result in good things like hugs and treats. – Kathleen Daniels who runs away when let off the leash (see the next chapter). especially if he returns in response to your calls. by letting it run and ignore your calls. it turns into a more serious problem. he will associate coming to you with punishment and will avoid it at all costs. And if you mean it. and will likely have to put in extra time on this exercise.) DON’T CALL THE DOG AND THEN NOT FOLLOW THROUGH The first time you call you dog and then don’t follow through by making him come to you. This creates a negative response and teaches him to avoid coming to you. This issue is discussed in the section on dogs that run off. no matter which of the methods listed below you use to correct this problem. be sure to give him a treat and delay for several minutes while you pet him and praise him for coming when called. he seems to think he is in trouble and he won’t come to them. Wait for the dog to come to you on his own or go get him. For a dog that loves treats. you will have to start over at the beginning. this should be a relatively easy command to teach. clip his toenails. 3. scold him for chewing up your shoes. 2. This is a clear indicator that he has been called and then punished in the past. if you scold the dog at this point. DON’T punish him when he returns.) DON’T PUNISH THE DOG FOR RETURNING TO YOU AFTER RUNNING OFF If the dog runs off or doesn’t come when called. Then pet him a bit before heading in or beginning the unpleasant activity. make him leave the play area. that of the dog enforce it. If you must call your dog. or anything else he doesn’t like to do. ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ Training Tips for Dogs That Don’t Come When Called The Don’ts 1.Trainer Kathleen Daniels has a favorite motto she likes to share with new pet owners. make sure he comes to you EVERY time so that he learns there are no exceptions to this rule. and this is where the problem starts. If the dog learns he doesn’t have to comply 17 . mean it.) DON’T FOLLOW UP THE “COME” COMMAND WITH SOMETHING UNPLEASANT DON’T call the dog to you and then do something unpleasant like pick burrs out of his fur.” This is good advice. you have started down the path to a behavior problem. It is important that you head off this behavior before If you say it mean it. enforce it. If you have already taught your dog to NOT come. as long as you are consistent. Sandi shared that when they call Dudley. “If you say it.

As your dog begins to respond to the command. back up a little bit more and encourage Don’t let a positive training session him to keep coming to you. The Praise Method is the basic recall exercise with petting and enthusiastic words as the dog’s reward instead of a treat. dogs. quit and try again later. Some worry that the dog will become overweight . Don’t let a positive training session deteriorate into a power struggle or a source of frustration for you or your dog. you can give him a jerk on the leash or pull him to you while you praise him and give him a treat. 18 . when working with pet dogs. You want him to be energetic and up for some fun. Others feel the dog should strive to please his owner. Pet him a few times and then back up and issue the command. If food were too big of a motivator. or only has to listen sometimes (like when you are really mad). but don’t drag your dog to you or jerk him off his feet. The real test will come when you can have your dog outside in an enclosed area with kids. “______. it would be “Dudley. Of course if he doesn’t comply. When he responds. criminals would be able to distract the dog or perhaps convince it to do something in return for the treat. That way if he does not respond to your call. So for example. It is easiest to enforce the “Come” command if you keep your dog on a leash until you are certain he has been thoroughly trained. give a little tug on the leash. but then save it only for training activities. deteriorate into a power struggle or a take a hold of his collar before praising and petting source of frustration for you or your dog.) THE PRAISE METHOD Some pet owners do not like the idea of continually giving treats as rewards for good behavior. come!” As soon as Dudley moves toward you. If the dog doesn’t come to you. If at any time the dog becomes disinterested. Practice this exercise for fifteen minutes several times a day. And many prefer not to be tied to the treat bag. and other distractions and still have him come to you when called. Eventually you will be running backwards as you call the dog to you. most trainers realize that food is a huge motivator for the average pup and it is commonly used as a safe and effective tool. then he will have learned NOT to come when called. him so that he learns that “come” means to be taken into your control. dependant on it for control of their dog. with Dudley. not get more food. you will have to make sure and enforce the command. It is best if you wait until your dog is in a playful or active mood. But for those who prefer not to use treats. rather than when he has just lain down to sleep. sit with him in front of you a foot or so away. You can also use a squeaky toy or other item the dog enjoys.with the command. come!” Fill in your dog’s name on the blank. start the drill a bit further away from him and gradually increase the distance. The Do’s 4. There are some valid points to these concerns. and most law enforcement dogs are trained to respond purely to praise and a job well done. not just to bound up and then jump away again. There are several reasons for this line of thinking. the Praise Method is a good tool for you in teaching your dog to come when called. With your pet on a leash. However.

the woman decided it was time for the big test. In this case.If you like.) PLAY HIDE AND SEEK WITH YOUR DOG. She has never had a problem getting the dog to kennel up since.) THE TREAT AND PRAISE METHOD For those dog owners who are not adverse to bribing their pets with treats. along with a “finish” command. The sit is usually an unspoken part of the recall exercise in obedience exercises. ending up late for work and extremely hot under the collar. She still uses the treat every few times as a positive enforcer. The daughter’s yard was not fenced and she was often in her good work clothes when she took the dog out in the morning. but if things had gone well for several days. This method can also be very effective in teaching a dog to go into its kennel or crate. Have the helper let the dog move recognition of the “Come” command. It doesn’t matter if the dog sees where you go. You’re not really trying to hide.” See our Product List for additional information. Finally the woman decided to give the dog a piece of hot dog every time she put it in the kennel. Have a friend or family member hold the dog on a leash while you go hide around the corner or behind a bush. But if he scrambles to try and get a hold of the tidbit. and when the dog was pulling on the leash in its haste to get to the kennel. you can turn the training exercise into a game. “The dogs go crazy for the roll and they definitely know the difference between it and a regular treat. Cathy Gustafson shared a story about her daughter who had trouble getting her dog to go into the kennel in the morning. take a piece of food or a favorite treat and move it in front of his nose. If your dog seems uninterested or responds half-heartedly. so that your dog begins to learn this action as well. with. This technique is performed the same way as the Praise Method. wait for an hour or so. why should he work for a treat during training? Cathy Gustafson says she has regular treats. command the After you have begun to establish dog to come to you. you can add a “Sit” command at the end. She did this repeatedly for a couple weeks. you forward. Usually she would use a leash. Only give a reward for the times that he comes quickly or sits right away. like dog biscuits for when she simply wants to give the dog something good. begin to be selective with the treats. 5. praise him and give him a treat. it is best to wait until your dog is hungry. Invariably. she would try it without. After you have begun to establish recognition of the “Come” command. Once you have your dog responding to the “Come” command every time. 6. which tells your dog to move himself into the heel position and sit down again. but you will need to refrain from giving your dog treats at other times of the day. If the pup can get a snack just for nudging you and looking cute. But she has a specially flavored meat roll. When the dog finds you. She let the dog off the leash and watched as it bounded to the kennel and waited to be let inside. he is ready for recall training. 19 . the dog would run off and the daughter would be left to chase after it in her high heels. Once you’re ready. This way you begin to perfect the exercise and wean the dog away from treats. the Treat With Praise Method simply adds a treat into the mix. To test this. holding onto the leash the entire time to begin can turn the training exercise into a game. called an Oinker Roll. that she uses just for training.

when he hears the bottle shake. 7. If you have a fenced in yard or are confident that your dog will not run off. substituting the whistle for the spoken words. Every time your dog comes to you praise him and give a treat. 9. Do this throughout the day. 8. Eventually you can have the dog off the leash with the helper holding the collar until you are ready. if needed. ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ Some owners and trainers use a whistle in place of a voice command. Once you have the dog in your control. By then offering him a pleasant activity that he likes.. pet him for a few moments and then return him to playtime. go to the dog and have him follow you into the house without calling him our telling him to come. But only move to this stage when your dog is consistently responding to the commands. using the leash.) USE THE “COME” COMMAND FOR ANYTHING FUN Anytime you are going to do something fun or pleasant with your dog. etc. This game is also effective in teaching dogs not to run off. to make him come. then this exercise may help retrain the dog. you can have the helper let go of the leash when the dog is about five feet away from you. Your dog should eventually Anytime you are going to do something fun or pleasant with your dog…use the “Come” associate the noise with a treat reward and will come command or call him to you first. If you use a training whistle instead of your 20 . such as feed him. you can practice this activity while working or relaxing out in the yard. Repeating this exercise will teach the dog that coming to you results in a reward and does not mean a spanking. go for a ride in the car or a walk. give the command to come find you. or have a canine friend over. Or purposely step out of the dog’s line of vision and give the command. Not only will your dog learn to come when called. all you have to do is rattle the treat bottle and he will come running. or some other negative consequence. That way if he is out in the yard. Be sure to praise or treat your dog when he comes to you.) CALL THEN RETURN TO PLAYTIME If you have a dog that has been punished for running off or taught that coming when called means the end of fun and games. When it IS time to end the play activity. call the dog to you.Once your dog begins to show an understanding of the game. Every ten or fifteen minutes. being put in the house. he begins to learn that something fun or exciting happens when he’s called. play fetch. use the “Come” command to call him to you first. eventually moving to another room before giving the bottle a shake. If the dog wanders where you can’t see him. The steps are basically the same. This is another method that works well for dogs that have been trained NOT to come with a verbal command. Have the dog outside on a long leash and let him wander and sniff. or at least come find you when he realizes you are gone. this activity will help encourage your dog to stay where he can see you.) PLAY THE RATTLE GAME Put some hard kibble or other treats in a plastic bottle and rattle them before giving one to your dog. give him a treat.

Most obedience trainers use verbal commands. 21 . so all members of the family also need to use not only the same words. you will have to get in the habit of keeping the whistle on you when you are out with your dog.mouth to generate the sound. The fun. but also the same tone. Dogs are very sensitive to tone and pitch. encouraging tone you use to call the dog during training does not sound the same as the angry or exasperated one you use as your dog is running away across the neighbors yard. When using the verbal commands. it is important to use the same tone of voice every time. Practice with each other to be sure everyone is on the same page.

And the children spend a good portion of their free time playing with their pet in the house or walking her around town on a leash. so she receives plenty of attention and exercise. This drives her crazy and makes us think about not even bringing her with. Bob is usually so mad he can hardly keep from giving her a good spanking. she will be taken to the pound. We got Tipper when she was about 6 months old. she doesn’t come back for hours. So I really don’t think this method works for her. When we go to the family cabin. Our town has leash laws for taking your dog off your own property. There are no other dogs in the house. 22 . We have a long “run line” attached to the clothesline in the back yard so she can be out there with us and still move around. We have tried using the underground fence with the electric collar and not only did Tipper run through it when she wanted to leave. She is good with the kids. we chase after her or get in the car and try to find her right away. But if we decide to be brave and let her off the line. She is a great dog and we even like her Beagle bark or howl. and it bothers us that we can’t participate without keeping our dog on a leash. Tipper has to be tied up while all the other dogs get to run loose.Chapter 3: Running Away When Let Loose Dog’s Name: Tipper Age: 3 years Breed: Beagle Sex: Female Living Situation: Tipper lives with her owners. even if the kids are in the yard playing. doesn’t go to the bathroom in the house or chew things. she takes off. If Tipper is picked up. but she takes off whenever we let her outside or take her off her leash. When we catch her. They live in a small town in a house with a large yard that is not fenced in. So when she runs. Susan and Bob Makenzie and their two school-age children. Taking the dogs swimming at the river or hiking in the woods is a big part of our family’s weekend activities. When she runs. But she also could get hit by a car or stolen by someone. so someone is usually home with Tipper. but she ran BACK through it to come home. The Makenzies work opposite shifts.

Running off is one of the top problems reported by dog owners, trainers, and pet care specialists. It is a dangerous behavior in that it exposes a dog to car accidents, fights with other animals, theft, and disease. In the country or even some cities, dogs may be shot if they dig in the garbage, chase livestock or cause other problems. In a town or city with leash laws, the dog can be picked up and brought to the pound, resulting in a fine and/or ticket for the owner. If a dog is brought to the pound and the owner cannot be found, the animal may be put down. At the very least, this behavior can take all the fun out of dog ownership. Running away is one problem that must be controlled for your dog’s sake, and for your own. All dogs are likely to run after rabbits, children on bikes, and other similar stimuli. It is in their nature and you will have to work hard to teach them not to run under these circumstances. Also females in heat and male dogs on the scent of a female will be very hard to keep at home. Spaying or Spaying or neutering your dog can go a long way toward solving running problems. neutering your dog can go a long way toward solving running problems. If you want to keep your dog intact for breeding purposes or because of personal preference, be sure to keep females confined while they are in season. And you will have to keep a close eye on an intact male dog in almost every situation. You never know when a female in the neighborhood will come into heat. Running off under occasional circumstances is different from dogs that run away every chance they get. There are several reasons that dogs become runners. First, this is a natural progression for a dog that learns she doesn’t have to come when called or especially for a dog that gets punished when she comes back. A dog also may run off if she hasn’t learned where the territory boundaries are. Dogs don’t understand property lines so you have to teach them where the allowable area is. As a dog becomes known as a runner, she is rarely let outside to play freely and consequently bolts the minute she gets the chance. If her owners chase her when this happens, that only adds to the fun, and it becomes a game. In Tipper’s case, her running is the result of all three situations. The Makenzies didn’t teach her how much roaming was acceptable so she went where the action was. Because she was allowed to run off before she learned to come when called, she was taught she could ignore this command or get away with the behavior. And she was scolded when she was caught or returned home so she began to associate the “Come’ command with punishment. Because Tipper is now never let off the leash, she bolts for freedom the minute she gets a chance. She has learned that this is the only way she will get to be loose, and if her owners chase her, that makes it all the more fun. Combine all these circumstance s together and you have a problem that has gotten out of hand and poses a serious danger to the dog. This is the type of behavior that often requires a negative reinforcement to discourage the dog. Fortunately, the Makenzies, and other pet owners with dogs that like to run off have several options available to them. Some dog owners simply put up a fence. Chain link works best but can be expensive, especially with a big yard like the Makenzies have. But anything that provides a barrier will help slow your dog down and teach her where the yard ends. Underground fencing with an electric collar is another option, and we are mentioning it here despite the fact that it involves a slight amount of pain for the dog. Because running off is such a dangerous behavior for a dog and can often result in canine fatalities, this more aggressive method seemed worth noting as a last resort. However, 23

it is expensive and is not always effective, as the Makenzies found out. And that doesn’t solve the problem when you want to take your dog with you to the country. You and your dog will both be much better off if you can find something that works for you from the methods listed below.

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Training Tips for Dogs That Run Away When Let Loose

A dog that is new to your home or who has demonstrated a problem with running needs to know where her boundaries are. While she does need to learn who’s boss and how far she can push, we are talking literal boundaries here, as in property lines or the area in which you want your dog to stay. For the Makenzies, this area is their backyard. The front yard is too close to the road and there are all sorts of kids, cars, and other dogs that go by out front that they know will be too hard for Tipper to resist. So they prefer her to stay in the back. You will need to determine your allowable area based upon what works best for your situation but once you have selected a spot, you will need to stick with it in order for the dog to learn. Once you have established the area in your mind, put your dog on a leash and walk her around the boundary. Keep the leash lose enough that she can cross the line, and if she does this, give her a sharp jerk and issue a verbal command such as “Get back,” “Far enough” or “No. Home.” When she gets back within the approved area, give her a pat or some words of praise. Walk around the area several times, each time letting your dog have more slack in the lead but correcting her when she crosses the line. If you have a fence line or row of shrubs along your property border, your dog will likely get the hang of it rather quickly. But if the line is imaginary, it will take weeks or months before your dog will fully understand where her boundaries are. Don’t allow her the opportunity to run off. Once the dog realizes she can do this, the behavior will be very difficult to correct. Do not let your dog off the leash or run line until you are certain that she will stay nearby or If you want your dog to stay in the yard, come back when called (see the previous chapter). Even after things seem well established, your dog may begin to wander slightly. The first time you see this happen, get her back on the leash and spend some time walking the property line again.
you have to make it a fun place to be.

If you want your dog to stay in the yard, you have to make it a fun place to be. If your dog feels like the yard is a prison, she will try to escape. Play with her there, keep toys outside for her, give her treats and perhaps even feed her outside. Bring a doggy friend over to the yard to play (be sure this is not a dog who will run off, thus compounding the problem). Is something scaring your dog and making her run off? Observe the area to see if there are loud noises, blankets flapping in the breeze, doors slamming, a car engine being revved. All of these occurrences can be frightening for a dog and may make her want to run from the area.



Dogs that are bored or too full of energy will tend to run off when given the chance. They have gotten tired of waiting for you to meet their play needs and they take matters into their own hands. If you don’t have a fenced yard, find someone who does and whose dog also needs some playtime. Or take your dog to a daycare center like Cathy Gustafson’s Mud Puppies. The dogs that go to her facility have a large indoor area to run and play in with other dogs. All activity is supervised, and quiet time in a crate is an option for dogs that get tired out or over stimulated. A weekly socialization class helps tremendously, but is not enough exercise. Your dog needs to get out each day. If you don’t have an area for your dog to run free, take her on a walk everyday and give her a long leash for part of the time. It is important that your dog’s fun times focus on you, not on running freely, out of your site while off the leash. One pet care professional told of a woman who lived in an apartment with her dog. In order to exercise her dog, she bought a 40-foot length of rope and a sturdy stake to hold it in the ground. She took her dog to the county park several times each week, where she staked her dog securely in an open area and played fetch and Frisbee, being careful not to throw the toy too far and cause the dog to run to the end of the lead. She also brought other toys and let the dog roam and play in his large circular area, staying within his reach at all times. With a little creativity and commitment, you can accommodate your dog’s needs. If you can’t provide your dog with these basic necessities, you should rethink pet ownership all together.

This approach was described in the previous section on teaching your dog to come when called. It is also effective for dealing with dogs that run off. By teaching your dog to look for you when she can’t see you, this helps a dog to learn to stay within eyesight. The basic concept involves hiding from your dog and then calling her to come find you. You can use the “Come” command or something more specific to bringing the dog back within eyesight, such as “Come back” or “Find me.” Most dogs get a huge kick out of looking for their owners. They can hear their voices, but can’t see them and it drives them crazy and makes them want to get to the bottom of the mystery. They experience a sense of satisfaction and pride when they find you, and eventually your dog will to learn to stay where she can see you, or at least come find you when she realizes you are gone. This approach is ideal for the Makenzies whose dog thinks running away is fun. By replacing it with an even better game, they eliminate Tipper’s desire to run off. Plus the children can be taught to play the game properly, thus adding additional reinforcement and practice. And if Tipper learns to stay within eyesight, she can romp and play up at their hunting land without getting into trouble. The Makenzies should try this at home until they feel she is ready to try it at their land, and then only with Tipper still on the leash until it is clear she will not run off.

Several of our contributors suggested having a friend or neighbor hide behind a building or tree in an area where your dog often crosses out of your yard. When the dog comes near, the helper jumps out shouting or blowing a horn to scare the dog back home. If there is no building nearby to hide behind, have your helper cover up with a sheet or blanket. It is important that the dog not see the person ahead of time or she may run to that area to say hello, rather than as an act of running off.


If you dog still stays nearby and responds to your commands. have taken a hold of her collar. For your first attempt. Continue to call her back to you in the same tone of voice you normally use. call her back using the commands you have established. Then try removing the long lead while in an enclosed area.We suggest using this method as a last resort and NEVER with shy or nervous dogs. The last thing you want is for your dog to be running through the neighborhood or woods trailing a twenty-foot lead. the dog will likely think it is free and attempt to run off. get on a bike. As she is running. or you know from past experience that she will be gone for some time. If your dog wanders too far or takes off. You can use the second leash to guide her and help her understand how far you are willing to let her roam. You do not want to injure the dog. Obviously this is not a good method for a dog that is afraid of people or nervous outside. If she comes. one her normal walking leash and another a long lead at least fifteen feet in length but no more than fifty. or have a backup plan such as one of the techniques listed below. or start out walking. It can be nerve-wracking to just let the dog go. If the dog does not come back in several minutes. ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ Don’t chase the dog If you are foolish enough to let your untrained dog off the leash. don’t chase after your dog. praise her gently and get her home. If your dog is a bolter who takes off like a shot as soon as the leash is off. Continue this exercise until your dog no longer runs to the end of the lead and returns to you when called. The concern we have with this approach is that the dog might bolt and take off in the wrong direction. bend down and nonchalantly call her to you. but you don’t want to scold her – after all she did eventually come back to you. but dashing across the grass will likely make her run faster. Try to soften the jolt when she reaches the end of the leash. Have special toys and treats that your dog is fond of and calmly try to locate her. You don’t want to give her big rewards or she may think she is being praised for running off. it is best to take your dog to a safe. use the The last thing you want is for your dog to long lead to bring her back to you. Just coming up short will be enough of a surprise for her. You may also want to wear gloves to protect your hands and improve your grip. Once you do. using the be running through the neighborhood or established commands and praising her when you woods trailing a twenty-foot lead. familiar place where she will not be hurt or lost if she does run off. When you unclip the first leash. be sure to have a good hold on the second lead. or if a training accident happens. in your vehicle.) USE A DUAL LEASH APPROACH Use two leashes on your dog. 26 . you can practice the exercises until you feel ready to give it a try in the open. 6.

This will have to be a personal decision based on your location and safety factors. Don’t praise or scold. your town’s or city’s leash laws. It should only take one incident like this to convince you that training is needed and that there will be no reckless off-leash time for many months to come. Handle the situation in as neutral a manner as possible. you will have to decide if you want to continue or let her return home on her own. 27 . etc. If safety concerns result in the need for you to chase and tackle the dog. your dog’s past behavior. get it over with quickly and put the leash on the dog without a word.If you are not able to reclaim your dog the first few times.

As you can imagine. I’ve been considering a bark collar. It is the way dogs “talk”. but I don’t want to do anything that will hurt Snoopy. Each time the passerby keeps on going. the 40 different meanings. It relieves tension. 28 . also live in the house. Linda Smith in a small house in a metropolitan area. the dog thinks his barking is what scared the intruder away. he even barks when people aren’t paying attention to him. I thought this was cute when he was a puppy. and they take Snoopy to visit family and friends who have dogs. Dogs are natural warning devices and can be an effective crime deterrent. natural behavior for dogs. but now it has become annoying because Snoopy won’t stop barking. Linda’s daughter. it puts a crimp in the social plans. Linda frequently spends weekends at her boyfriend’s house. This dog’s goal is to make the intruder go away. therefore he barks even more emphatically the next time. Most dog owners want their dog to bark if he hears someone at the door or sees a stranger entering the yard. Either way. He wants to be in the middle of everything and barks constantly to let you know how he feels. This is especially true for dogs that bark at people passing by. ranging from whimpering to growling. Barking is a difficult dog thinks his barking is what scared the behavior to deal with because it is so rewarding to intruder away… the dog in and of itself. Keya. He barks more when we are at my boyfriend’s or other peoples’ houses. There are no other pets in the house. Studies show that they can convey up to Each time the passerby keeps going. Linda provides daycare for Keya and three other children. I holler at him but that only seems to make things worse. About the only way I can get him to stop barking is to pick him up and hold him or put him in the car. Mary. He barks when he plays. he barks when others play. Dogs can communicate by using ten different types of sound. Snoopy barks when people walk by.Chapter 4: Excessive Barking Dog’s Name: Snoopy Age: 2 years Breed: Schnauzer Sex: Male Living Situation: Snoopy lives with his owner. and 3-year-old granddaughter. this is embarrassing and makes Snoopy an unwelcome guest. Snoopy is an enthusiastic dog who loves people. Barking is a normal.

By stopping your activity to yell at him. dogs that bark when their owners are gone can be quite annoying to others. You also need to be sure all your dog’s physical needs are met. it must be the right thing to do. then stick with that method rather than trying several different techniques at once or in rapid succession. So it is not a bad thing to have a dog that barks. people who cannot spend at least an hour or two giving their dog undivided attention should consider whether they have the time or commitment level needed to own a dog. It is best to find one approach that fits well with your dog’s personality and your living situation. She looks around and seeing nobody. thirst. Because barking is so instinctual and self-rewarding for dogs. Is it really about the bumped knee. But if you have provided for the dog’s needs and the situation persists. runs to where a parent is before letting out blood-curdling screams of pain. training. and even pain. discomfort. Many of us have observed similar behavior from small children. They are more likely to nap instead of bark. If your dog barks at you when you are on the phone. However. perhaps one of the following methods will help. and may result in bad relations with neighbors or even nuisance calls to law enforcement. Throwing too many things at a dog at one time will overwhelm him and add to his anxiety. A child falls and bangs her knee. as long as you are focusing on them. As we have said before. we have compiled a large list of possible solutions. watching TV. And the law enforcement officers say that just hearing that the canine unit is on site is often enough to make people give up or stop the illegal activity. A dog will bark to convey hunger. yelling will only intensify these emotions and cause the dog to escalate. Fortunately. and patience than many other behavior problems. If a dog is barking at a stranger going by and you yell at him to be quiet. or some other activity that doesn’t involve him. Yelling at your dog can often make the problem worse. it can be difficult to stop and requires more time. Effective negative reinforcements vary from dog to dog depending upon several 29 . feeding your family. and he will just bark more. Some dogs will bark if they want attention. He will decide that if you are barking. They don’t care if you are angry. If the dog is barking because he is stressed or frightened. So barking must be controlled. There are several options to try but one thing that will not work is shouting. in some situations. Dogs are pack animals and need to spend time with the other members of their group. you are giving him the attention that he seeks. not nervous or hyper. barking should stop when the dog is commanded to do so. he will assume you are "barking" at them too. The best way to stop this type of behavior from reoccurring is to associate it with a negative reinforcement. And a pooch that barks when he needs to go outside helps avoid accidents caused by an owner who didn’t see the dog waiting by the door. you need to address this situation before you can realistically expect any training methods to be effective.Many burglars and thieves have admitted to avoiding or leaving a home if they hear or see a dog. Simply ensuring that your pet’s basic needs are being met may solve the barking problem. you have a dog that barks for attention. or is it about getting some love and attention? Some things to think about before considering training solutions A dog that is tired from playing and exercise tends to be content and sleepy. Also. If you are not spending enough time with your dog each day.

and timing.) GIVE A SHARP JERK ON THE COLLAR OR LEASH If your dog is barking while on the leash. 4. not cause him any pain. You may have to try something more surprising or distracting. don’t treat or praise the dog. tell him to sit or down. Repeat the verbal command at the same time. 3. praise him or give him a treat. Find another training method. you can try teaching them an alternative behavior. even as they are sitting or laying down. device. You need to use the same command each time. When the dog begins to bark at a passerby. Some dogs get used to this or are just too excited to be distracted by the leash check. it this with friends coming to the door as well. Some dogs may continue to bark.) TEACH YOUR DOG AN ALTERNATIVE BEHAVIOR For dogs that bark at people passing by or coming to the door. They are responding to a perceived threat and feel the need to do something. Not hard enough to hurt the dog. 2. in the sit or down position instead of barking.factors including breed. age.) TEACH YOUR DOG TO BARK This may sound crazy to pet owners who just want their dogs to stop barking. stern voice. Only offer the command once and then be ready to follow through immediately with another negative enforcer if the dog does not stop barking when you tell him to. ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ Training Tips for Excessive Barkers WHEN YOU ARE HOME 1. “Speak” If this doesn’t 30 . Choice of methods might also depend on whether you are home when the dog is barking. grab his collar or the scruff of his neck. when he responds and stops barking. If your dog is not on the leash. If that is the case. give a firm shake and repeat the verbal command. but with enough force to get his attention and interrupt the barking. say “Quite!” or “Enough!” in a sharp. and be consistent.) USE A VERBAL COMMAND When the dog barks. be careful not to poke or pinch the dog or shake too hard. You just want to get his attention. give the leash a sharp jerk. Consider one of the suggestions below. but if a dog learns when to bark. One trainer may become easier to teach him suggested having the visitor give the dog a treat for staying when NOT to bark. Practice …if a dog learns when to bark. Again. Then. Teaching them to sit or lay down when their instinct tells them to bark still allows them to respond to the situation. it may become easier to teach him when NOT to bark. Start by teaching your dog to speak by holding a treat out of his reach and repeating the command. The idea is to show displeasure and distract or even startle your dog so that he associates unwanted barking with a negative response.

Most dogs dislike having water in their faces and will stop barking if you hit them with a good stream. Anything else will confuse the dog and with a good stream. If your dog stops barking. “Uh. you can begin to teach him to be quiet as well. One technique is to fill a soda can with pebbles.” 6. another law enforcement officer says they use this approach with the dogs he has helped train. OR OTHER FLAVORED DETERRENT Darlene Smetena. uh” or “No! Quiet!” Lemon juice. tell it “Quiet” “Stop” or “Enough” and give him a treat when he stops. When this seems to be taking hold. “We need them to bark when they’re told. pennies.” she says.) USE TABASCO. substances are also effective.” The canine units have a “quiet” or “silent” command as well as a “bark” or “speak” signal. Don’t make a game of this by chasing the dog or continuing to spray him after he has stopped barking. Both commands are practiced equally and the dogs have a clear understanding of what each means. but she does have to be quick. “Timing is important with this one. 5. but basically harmful. attempt it during a barking episode. find another vinegar. you may try a favorite toy. LEMON JUICE. If this is the case with your dog. praise him emphatically or give him a treat. She keeps a small bottle of Tabasco in her pocket during training sessions. Be sure to seal the opening with tape. If using a sprayer on a garden hose. Once the dog learns to bark on command.) SPRAY THE DOG WITH WATER Use a squirt bottle or water hose to spray your dog with a stream of water if he ignores your command to be quiet. Darlene will wait for the dog to bark and then quickly open its mouth and dump a drop or two of Tabasco in saying. If you are going to use this tactic. Avoid spraying the dog in the eyes with the hose. make the tool ineffective. For problem barkers. See our Products List in the book’s appendix for information on similar products that are available commercially. be careful that the pressure is not too strong. When the dog begins barking in response to the “Speak” command. or some dogs will bark if tied up just out of their owners’ reach. Shane. Dogs who love water may not respond negatively to this method even if you put lemon juice or vinegar in the water. “It has to be done quickly and consistently so that the dog knows the icky Tabasco is because of the barking. and other distasteful. the 4-H trainer. has had success with the use of a flavored deterrent. When your dog does not respond to the verbal command. or hard beans so that it rattles loudly when shaken or tossed. you will have to practice this regularly and consistently reinforce appropriate behavior to help train the dog to resist what is a very strong instinct. Darlene doesn’t have to worry too much about getting bit. it can Most dogs dislike having water in their only be used as a negative enforcer to stop a faces and will stop barking if you hit them behavior.) USE A LOUD NOISE TO DISTRACT OR SLIGHTLY STARTLE THE DOG There are several different ways to use noise as a behavior modifier. It is best if you can get a little force behind the spray so that it is a sharp squirt rather than a misty spray. but also to be quiet when it’s important they not be noticed. 7. If she has a persistent barker that has not responded to “Quiet” commands or other direction from its owner. 31 . Because the 4-H dogs are screened for aggressive behavior before starting the class.

If it appears that your dog begins barking again immediately after you make the noise. You may want to add a short jerk for emphasis. There is more information on this condition at the end of this chapter. owner absence can often be the cause of a dog’s excessive barking. The idea is not to scare him silly. In this case. Excessive barking is just one symptom of separation anxiety. which is a fear of being isolated. Let go as soon as the dog stops. If the dog sees you while he is barking. talking on the phone. or some other mechanism to make a noise your dog will find slightly startling and unpleasant. stop this training technique and try another. Some dogs experience a condition called “separation anxiety”. WHEN YOU AREN’T HOME It is often easier to control barking when you are home and can respond immediately with a negative reinforcement. watching TV). and praise him for being quiet. Suspending your activity to yell at him or tell him to be quiet is giving him the attention he wanted and you succeed in rewarding the barking instead. but to startle him enough to stop the barking and help him associate the unpleasant noise with the barking.shake the can loudly or toss it near your dog and repeat the command. loud whistle (not the same one you would use for training).) IGNORE THE DOG OR WALK AWAY If your dog is barking at you to get attention or to get you to stop what you are doing (working on the computer. 8. It is very important that you stay out of sight. like people or other dogs passing by. some of them may also be effective for dogs that bark when you are home. The list below is a continuation of training tips to use to eliminate unwanted barking. If you suspect or have been told that your dog is barking while you are gone. Although they are intended for when you are gone. you may first want to video tape him to see how often he barks and if there are certain things. This may take several sessions to establish a pattern. simply get up and walk away from him. The condition has many causes and can range from mild to severe. This tool is used as a method to correct several other behavior problems as well. 9. this will immediately reinforce his behavior and it will be much more difficult to correct it. that trigger your pet’s behavior. It is very effective for some dogs. With any of the above techniques. it is important that you praise or treat the dog when it stops barking in response to your command or negative enforcement.) GENTLY SQUEEZE THE DOG’S MUZZLE Place your fingers around the dogs muzzle if he barks or whines and repeat your verbal command. You may find that simply keeping the dog away from a window or restricting his view of the street may help the situation tremendously. 32 . the dog may be viewing the noise as a positive result and barking in hopes of triggering the response. In fact. The dog often gets lonely. You may also use a foghorn. bored or anxious and barks to express his feelings.

it may be helpful to create a quiet. See our list of recommended toys in the Product List for suggestions. Tonia Heller. but it is quick and non-emotional. toys will help keep him occupied. stimuli. But all three kennel owners believe the radio calms the dogs and helps mask small noises that might otherwise get one dog going. 13. Cathy Gustafson and Lauren and Nancy Anderson do this for their kennel dogs. “Behave”. or any number of new and exciting stimuli. This will reward the barking and reinforce the behavior. they all bark.) DRAPE THE CRATE WITH A TOWEL If the dog is left in a crate while you are gone. Don’t return right away if you hear the dog begin to bark. atmosphere by draping a towel or small blanket over the crate. we know the dogs are going to bark when somebody comes to the kennel. Some people offer their dogs a quick “Goodbye”. be aware that his behavior will likely get worse before it gets better. This will cause the dog to feel more anxiety and bark sooner or more intensely.) LEAVE A RADIO ON For kennel dogs or those with separation anxiety. darker. “Once one starts.” Nancy says. This can also work for kennel dogs outside by putting up a tarp or wood barrier on the side of the kennel that gets the most traffic. toys will help keep him occupied. the owner pats the dog and 33 . “Well. but you don’t have to be there to make it work.10. just leave. That is just a given.” Lauren laughed. Be sure to leave part of the crate exposed so that enough air flows through. he is less likely to bark. If the dog can’t see people walking by. Instead of just ignoring the behavior or using a negative reinforcer. and he will first think he needs to simply try harder to overcome your resistance. cats. or reinforced the behavior by petting him to try and calm him. Both kennels have country music playing. but that is more a reflection of the owners’ tastes than that of the dogs! 11. The If a dog is barking from boredom or idea is to reduce the lighting. don’t drag it out or make a big deal by hugging the dog and getting emotional yourself. You have already taught him that barking gets him what he wants. 12. The technique is similar to that described in step 6 above.) JUST LEAVE When you are leaving for the day or for a short trip to the store. Vet Tech. or some other brief words as they leave.) LEAVE INTERESTING TOYS WITH THE DOG If the dog is barking from boredom or anxiety. leaving a radio playing softly in a corner calms the dog and makes him feel he is not alone. described how people bring their dogs in to the veterinarian’s office and get upset when the dog barks at the other dogs. Be sure to buy veterinarian approved toys that will not splinter or get stuck in the dog’s throat or stomach. ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ If you have given in to your dog’s barking at some point. 14.) A SELF-ACTIVATING NOISE MAKER Purchase a noisemaker that is self-activated by a dog’s barking. noise and other anxiety. “Be a good dog”.

but be patient and stick with it. Shelby soon began to understand that her owner would be back eventually and that 34 . symptoms include destructive behavior. And there are varying degrees of separation anxiety. but wait until the dog is quiet or you will end up reinforcing the barking. to a dog that destroys the house or defecates on his owner’s bed or shoes while his owner is away. and overly animated greeting behavior for an extended period of time after the owner returns. It is understandable to want to comfort your dog. In addition to excessive barking. such as chewing and scratching immediately upon the owner’s departure. or a child leaving for college Puppies being raised in a pet shop and not having a chance to bond with a human early on     That doesn’t mean that dogs who have these types of experiences will end up with separation anxiety.” Cathy shared. such as a pup who gets left at a kennel during its first thunderstorm A sudden change in owner’s lifestyle. Different dogs respond in different ways. When a dog with separation anxiety is left alone. Remember. owner of Shelby the dog who was orphaned at an early age. Cathy Johnson. such as a different work schedule which results in less time spent with the dog The addition of a new baby or another pet A long-term absence from a family member. consistency is the key. a divorce. Separation anxiety is often the result of a traumatic experience the dog had early on in life. Separation anxiety is the fear or dislike of isolation. used to have trouble when she left the pup in the house alone. Some dogs have personalities that make them more sensitive to trauma. “It looked like some naughty teenagers had toilet papered my entire house!” To overcome the problem. which can range from a dog who follows his owner around the house from room to room as a departure draws near. It can be caused by any of the following:   Premature separation from its mother as a young pup A sudden change of environment combined with a bad experience. Information on separation anxiety Earlier in this chapter.tells it to calm down or soothingly tells it everything will be okay. we mentioned separation anxiety as a cause for excessive barking. such as a death in the family. inappropriate potty behaviors. he begins to worry that something bad will happen or that the owner is not coming back. gradually increasing the time as the dog became accustomed to the absence. “I’d come home to find that Shelby had gotten a hold of the toilet paper and had run through the house with it. Cathy closed all doors to other rooms and practiced being gone for less than five minutes at a time. but their anxiety usually reaches a peak within 30 minutes of their owners’ departures. It can be very difficult to train a dog to stop barking.

Some dogs are not so easily reassured and require professional assistance. If you suspect your dog has separation anxiety. contact a local trainer or veterinarian for more information.everything would be fine. 35 .

I guess we just needed to teach her that we didn’t want her to dig. And then she would dig when we let her out in the yard. we put in a cement foundation for her kennel. and that has helped. These were great big holes that ruined the grass and everything. And it’s gotten better since I started taking her to obedience training classes. She is the Zabel’s first dog. When we first got Whitney. We had never told Whitney not to dig. it seems like this behavior is going away. Whitney is a dog with a sense of humor. When it got warm enough. Pretty soon. but she kept digging in the yard. 36 . Whitney is our first dog so we are learning as we go along. we bought one of those kennels from Home Depot. As she got older. and she likes to make everyone laugh. She is so pretty and full of energy. and that solved the problem there. We set that on the grass and put Whitney in there while we were gone during the day. We’d come home and she’d be running around the yard. As long as we keep telling her no when she digs.Chapter 5: Problems With Digging Dog’s Name: Whitney Age: 5 months Breed: Border Collie mix Sex: Female Living Situation: Whitney lives with her owner. she was digging her way out of her kennel every day. Thank goodness our yard is fenced. She is so funny. the ones with chain link panels that you put together. we kept her in a crate inside and came home at lunch to let her out. Mandy Zabel and her husband Jay in a suburb of a large metropolitan area. There are no other dogs or people in their household. so we started getting after her when we saw her digging in the yard. but the neighbor children love Whitney and often come get her to play in their yard or go for walks. She’s always goofing around and instigating things like getting other dogs to chase her. like it was a play activity. At first she dug little holes around the fence.

Some pups naturally outgrow this activity. Breed and age considerations aside. nervousness and anxiety. Because there are so many causes and since this is a very common behavior problem. we have compiled a number of possible solutions. she preferred to dig a hole next to her outdoor doghouse and lay in that. “Know your dog’s job description. If this is the case at your house. Puppies of any breed are also more inclined to dig. Accept it. Kathleen Daniels stresses. Dogs need close association between the bad behavior and the corrective action in order to make the connection. rather than modifying your dog’s behavior. Cathy Johnson. This can cause loneliness. it is simply a matter of you doing things differently.) SPEND MORE TIME WITH YOUR DOG The dog is left alone too much. You may need to try several methods to find one that works. Shelby’s owner had a bit of trouble with Shelby digging in her kennel area in the summer. And it was important that they scold order to make the connection.” Terriers. Some breeds are more inclined to dig and you should be aware of that before choosing a dog. Increasing their time spent with you and inside the house should help overcome this problem. It is part of their exploring and learning about the world around them. the dog tends to have a thicker coat and she gets overly warm in the middle of the day as the sun climbs overhead. She didn’t know her owners wanted her to stop Dogs need close association between the digging until they started to verbalize their bad behavior and the corrective action in displeasure.There are a number of reasons why dogs dig. Cathy could see that the dog was trying to find some shade but still be in the breeze. Although Shelby has a large kennel area with an outdoor doghouse and an opening into a garden shed. ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ Training Tips For Addressing Problem Digging 1.) PROVIDE ADEQUATE SHELTER FROM THE WEATHER Dogs that are left outside tend to dig to create a shelter or den for cooling off. 2. Pinschers. Some of them may be dependant on the initial cause of the behavior. This is also an issue for dogs during the winter months as they look for a place to stay warm. Being a lab. all of them normal and natural. her at the time of the digging. It may be a good idea to give these dogs an area where digging is okay (see tip #7 below). not when they came home and found the big holes. Dachshunds and northern breeds are known for digging. That’s what they’re supposed to do. A doggy door into the house or a garage out of the weather often solves this issue. while others need to be taught that it is not an acceptable behavior. She put up a tarp over one corner of the kennel and also added a children’s 37 . “A Terrier is going to dig.” trainer. In most cases. which may not be immediately apparent. create a shady spot and provide a shelter in a cooler location. your dog may have lots of reasons for digging. This was part of the problem in Whitney’s situation.

The digging problems will tend to decrease and then stop altogether as the Basic obedience training can give the dog obedience training continues. If your dog is naturally more active or nervous.) EVALUATE YOUR DOG’S DIET Soil contains vitamins and minerals. A veterinarian can help you determine if a dog is getting its nutritional needs met. and Mandy did indicate that Whitney’s digging problems seem to occur when she has not been able to spend the normal amount of time playing with the dog. The digging problem stopped immediately. Even smaller dogs need room to run and play if they are going to be enclosed for extended periods of time. and toenails are indicators of its overall health. 7. you are basically asking for digging problems. the Zabels noticed a marked decrease in Whitney’s digging and improved compliance to their commands for her to stop. This factor led to the problem with Whitney’s digging her way out of the kennel. This is essentially the same technique used to stop excessive barking. Several trainers and pet care professionals felt that Whitney’s behavior fell into this category.) EXERCISE YOUR DOG MORE Digging is fun for dogs and uses up excess energy. Once Mandy began bringing Whitney to obedience classes. If you dog is eating too many table scraps or a nutritionally inferior dog food. she is more likely to dig if under-exercised. Hide behind the curtains or a couch and wait for her to begin 38 . Even a dog’s eyes. 6. 3. Despite the fact that they have a large fenced in yard. Your dog may be tearing up the ground in an effort to gain more living space. Basic obedience training can give the dog the understanding and beginning abilities needed to control impulsive behavior.) USE A NOISEMAKER TO CREATE A NEGATIVE CONSEQUENCE the understanding and beginning abilities needed to control impulsive behavior. Watch your dog while she is out in the yard or kennel. Many of our contributors felt this was good thinking on their part but suggested that Whitney’s kennel space be enlarged a bit if possible. but the dimensions of those purchased at Home Depot and other home improvement centers are often 6 feet by 6 feet. The new concrete floor has forced her to adapt to it. This is too small for a dog to be in all day. She is a high-energy dog. Training can be conducted at home following an informed.) GIVE YOUR DOG A BIGGER AREA Dogs dig to get out of an enclosure or to make their dens bigger. she may be searching in the dirt for those things that are missing from her diet.) FOCUS ON REGULAR OBEDIENCE TRAINING A dog with little or no obedience training has not learned how to restrain her instincts.” Tonia Heller explains. Mandy did not indicate the size of Whitney’s kennel area.plastic swimming pool since Shelby loves to splash in the water to cool off. 5. The area may be a bit too small for her. Many times even a dog that does not normally dig will suddenly pick up this bad behavior if it hasn’t gotten enough exercise. teeth. “We can look at the coat and its weight and that sort of thing. they are reluctant to leave Whitney out unsupervised while they are gone. daily schedule or by attending a class and using the techniques taught by the trainer. 4. and to compensate for her close quarters during the day the Zabels let Whitney be outside as much as she wants when they are home. and if you put the kennel on a dirt surface.

or if you have tried other methods with no success. This is similar to housebreaking in that the dog needs to learn where a certain behavior is acceptable. and focus on teaching her WHERE to dig. you may just want to accept that your dog is going to dig. This training method can seem contradictory to pet owners who are trying to teach their dogs NOT to dig. If the dog realizes you are behind the noisemaking.) PLACE A BARRIER IN THE GROUND WHERE YOUR DOG DIGS If your dog consistently digs in the same spot or type of area. Create a clearly defined area with boards or some other divider material and fill it with dirt or sand. bury a piece of plastic sheeting or snow fence about two inches beneath the surface of the dirt. immediately bring her to the designated area and encourage her to dig by scratching the dirt or sand with your own hands.) GIVE YOUR DOG A SANDBOX OR OTHER APPROVED DIGGING AREA If your dog is a breed type known for digging. ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ 39 .digging. But sometimes we just have to face the fact that dogs will be dogs and make a compromise. If this doesn’t work you can move the dog’s paws or bury something and encourage the pup to dig for it. you could inadvertently encourage the digging behavior. loud whistle. Praise your dog when she digs in the correct area. When you catch your dog digging. or some other tool to make a noise your dog will find distracting and unpleasant. When your dog’s feet touch the barrier. 9. use a foghorn. As soon as her claws hit the dirt. Many dogs misbehave because they want a reaction from you and they don’t care if it is negative. It is important that you not use your own voice and that you stay hidden when using the horn or whistle. You will need to do this several times and be consistent about it to help your dog make the connection between digging and the negative consequence. it will create an unpleasant or startling sensation that will likely cause her to stop. 8.

But you will need to be careful in case the dog still jumps up and hits you in the 40 . We can sometimes prevent them from jumping up simply by bending down to greet them. He is friendly. we think it’s cute when they begin to recognize us and run to Dogs also touch noses or sniff when greeting each other. Carson. Indy has an easy-going disposition. so it is natural for jump up on our shins. but he is also persistent. especially if the dog grows up to be a big bruiser who tears people’s clothing or knocks them down every time he’s excited to see them. and cuddle them or laugh and tell them how cute they are. I know we have sometimes encouraged this. or Indy for short. Debbie gardens and spends a lot of time outdoors. Dogs also touch noses or sniff when greeting each other. Most dogs learn to jump up when they are puppies. Sometimes he is after food. he just needs to learn some manners. it looses its appeal. The Wankels have a private home with a fenced yard for Indy and their other dog. but he does jump up on people. Indy is a good dog. inquisitive. so it is natural for our dogs to want to see our faces. we pick them up our dogs to want to see our faces. Plus they go to the dog park every day to play and socialize. lives with his owners Debbie and Tim Wankel and their daughter in a medium-sized city. He follows me from room to room and just seems like he has to be involved in everything. As a reward. As they get a bit bigger. but I need to get other people to do this too. so the dogs get plenty of exercise and fresh air. Indy also jumps up on the counters. and I have begun pushing Indy down when he jumps up. But as the behavior continues. They do it because they are happy or excited to see us.Chapter 6: Jumping On People Dog’s Name: Indy Age: 6 months Breed: Golden Retriever/Black Lab cross Sex: Male Living Situation: Indiana Jones. especially at the dog park where we get so excited to see each other that we forget about the rules. and outgoing. We often get down on the floor to play with them and let them jump on us and climb in our laps. He has been fairly easy to train. but they were unable to provide more information about her background. strong-willed and food driven. but other times he just grabs something to chew on. Debbie purchased Indy from a local animal shelter. The shelter told her Indy came from another state.

(Don’t let the dog see the treat first or this may cause the jumping). he is simply curious. or the dog may refrain from jumping on you. It’s best to discourage jumping up right from the start. This is also true for dogs that jump up on counters. He often doesn’t understand what the owner is angry about. this will be safer. like a dog with separation anxiety. but think it’s okay to tackle everybody else. that has been a powerful reinforcer and it may take awhile to overcome that conditioning. With curious dogs. or small children come to visit. You will need to be sure other people understand the rule as well. the dog is reprimanded for his jumping. especially since just the other day jumping was fine. Firmly but gently push him down off you and refuse to pay him any more attention until he stays down.) DON’T REWARD THE DOG FOR JUMPING UP Most dog owners like having their dogs greet them. If your dog jumps on you. we welcome the dog’s attention and let him jump up and lick us. Dogs that jump on counters are either after food. The first step in teaching dogs to not jump up is to enforce the same rules every time. If a dog is jumping up on counters you will have to provide negative consequences for the behavior in order to deter the dog. When we come home from a particularly demanding day at the office. We are happy that at least someone appreciates us and is glad to see us. and he doesn’t want to miss out on anything.nose or scratches your face. He is not panicked. Unfortunately pet owners often encourage the dog’s jumping by reacting to it inconsistently. But when we have our good clothes on. or they are bothered by the fact that they can’t see what is up there and their curiosity gets the better of them. So the dog will continue to jump or even increase its actions to see if that makes things better. If you can grab a hold of the dog first and keep his feet on the floor. but even with an adult dog. it will simply be a matter of making jumping up on the counters not worth the effort. you will see this type of behavior in other areas. do not pet him or touch him in an encouraging manner. although the reason for this bad behavior is different from the reason dogs jump on people. it’s not too late to teach it more appropriate ways of greeting people and expressing excitement. For curious dogs. they just don’t want to be bowled over or have their clothes ruined. If he has successfully acquired food from counter tops in the past. 41 . Then praise him or give a treat. Debbie described how Indy follows her around the house. He wants to know what is going on. ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ Training Tips For Dogs That Jump Up Tips for dogs that jump up on people 1.

give him a verbal command to get down and don’t pet him until he does. But you should also have a command that signals it is time to get down. Once all four feet are on the ground. but he is sitting calmly and waiting for us to approach him.) STEP GENTLY ON YOUR DOGS BACK TOES Some trainers and pet owners have had success in teaching a dog to stay down by gently stepping on his back his back toes when it has its front feet up on you. this technique may not work well. take a couple steps forward and close in on him. If the thump from your knee is unpleasant. you also teach it when not to behave in this manner.” When your dog jumps up. but gently tap him in the chest while giving a verbal command instructing him to get down. 42 .) TEACH YOUR DOG AN APPROPRIATE WAY TO GREET YOU Most dog owners like having their dogs greet them. You also have to be careful that it doesn’t become a game with you trying to catch the dog’s toes while he has fun trying to avoid your feet. 3. The Sit-Stay combination is taught in basic obedience and used for a number of training activities and forms of behavior modification. you can teach him to jump up on command. Pat your stomach while saying the verbal command you wish to use. you allow your dog to express his happiness without becoming obnoxious. If you have a high-energy dog or one that is very playful or used to rougher play. “Off” or “Enough” work well.2. The dog is still within reach for us to pet him. such as “Hup” or “Up. 4. 5. but he may start jumping from behind or lunging in and grabbing your clothes with his teeth. the dog will learn to avoid coming into contact with you where you can reach him. A Sit-Stay combination works well. you can praise and pet the dog. but you should avoid the word “Down” if you use this to tell you dog to lie down. This needs to be done carefully to avoid injuring the dog. If he begins to jump again.) FIRMLY KNEE YOUR DOG IN THE CHEST When your dog begins to jump on you. back off and raise your knee if necessary. and should not be used at all for shy or nervous dogs. The same cautions apply to this technique as with stepping on the dogs back toes. Trainer Kathleen Daniels calls it the most important control exercise you can teach your dog. By teaching your dog when it is okay to jump up. Some people allow the dog to walk up and nuzzle their hand or shake hands as long as they remain on the floor. SO TO SPEAK When your dog begins to move toward you to jump up. Any correction that involves physically reprimanding the dog needs to be done in a calm and controlled manner. 6. raise your knee and firmly. Whichever action works best for you and is easy for your dog to learn is fine. you can pet him and tell him what a good dog he is.) TEACH YOUR DOG TO JUMP UP ON COMMAND If you want your dog to jump up sometimes so you can pet him and cuddle him without having to bend down or get on your hands and knees. If he succeeds in jumping up. By teaching the dog an appropriate method of greeting you and other people that come to visit or that you meet while out walking. This will usually stop the dog for a few moments and you can take a hold of his collar and use pressure to keep his feet on the floor while you pet him and praise him. they just don’t want to be bowled over or have their clothes ruined.) BEAT YOUR DOG TO THE PUNCH.

) MAKE THE COUNTER S UNINTERESTING Perhaps the easiest way to keep your dog from jumping on the counters is to keep fun things like food and towels or other chewable items off the countertop. Although this method causes your dog discomfort. the dog recovered well. the spoons will fall on the floor and make a frightening noise. It is important that the dog dislikes the flavored deterrent or you could end up reinforcing the behavior.7. But it may only take one time to If your dog has learned that good food can convince the dog that taking food off the counter is be snatched from the counter. you are basically asking for trouble. we are more comfortable with it than with the two previous suggestions because it is easier for the pet owner to control the amount of pressure applied to the dog’s paws. you will not a wise idea. Vet tech. do not repeat this training method. which will likely make the dog think twice the next time. slice it open and put a few shakes of Tabasco or hot pepper inside. Take a chunk of hotdog. If the burgers are there when you come back. If your dog does not react negatively the first time. and ate the whole bottle. leaving the dog alone to guard the burgers. aspirin may be used to treat fever and aches in dogs. The woman had left her bottle of aspirin far back on the counter.) USE NOISE TO CREATE A NEGATIVE CONSEQUENCE need to teach him that not everything that comes off the counter is good to eat. but the dog still jumped up. Tips for dogs that jump up on counters 8. If you set a plate of hamburger patties on the edge of the counter and go outside to light the grill. Some of this is simply common sense. Tonia Heller shared a story of a woman who brought her three-month-old Malamute pup into the clinic to have its stomach pumped.) USE BAIT MIXED WITH FLAVORED DETERRE NT If your dog has learned that good food can be snatched from the counter. put a pile of spoons on top of the towel. and the woman later called to say that the dog did not jump up on the counters anymore. If your dog is known to grab towels off the counter. After having its stomach pumped. 43 . Then gently push him down while giving your verbal command to get off. When the dog grabs the towel. grab a paw in each hand and hold them tightly until your dog begins to struggle. but a whole bottle can cause long-term health problems and even be life threatening. there is the potential to lose your balance and really nail the dog or to accidentally step too hard.) GRAB YOUR DOG’S PAWS AND HOLD THEM TIGHTLY When your dog jumps on you. Any correction that involves physically reprimandi ng the dog needs to be done in a calm and controlled manner. But it was a frightening and expensive way for both the dog and its owner to learn a lesson. With toe stepping or kneeing the dog in the chest. Set it near the edge of the counter and wait out of site for your dog to get a good taste of it before giving it a firm “No” or “Off” command. 10. In small amounts. you either have a mighty well-trained dog or a Dachshund that can’t reach past the floorboards! 9. got a hold of it. you will need to teach him that not everything that comes off the counter is good to eat.

Try to be sure the dog doesn’t see you. and you can go scold him immediately (and perhaps save the T-bone steak you daringly set on the counter to breathe before grilling).You can also hide around the corner with a noisemaker. such as a rattle can or horn. or he becomes accustomed to the noise and begins to ignore it. But the nice thing about the beepers is that it also alerts you to the fact that the dog is on the counter. Some people purchase action activated buzzers or beepers that send a laser beam of light across the top of the counter and go off when the dog breaks the beam by jumping up. Either the dog eventually learns to stay down. ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ 44 . and startle the dog when it jumps up on the counter. and definitely don’t start laughing or make a game out of the exercise.

it is important to teach your dog to walk nicely or heel when on the leash. but she’s having trouble learning to heel. The shelter told them that Mandy had been found running loose and was quite thin when they got her. But when she walks on the leash. gentle dog. a Yorkshire/Cairn cross. or they lunge and drag their owners down the block or walking path. but no puppies were found. Mandy is such a loving. causing strained muscles and leather/nylon burns. causing a spectacle. but she gets too far out in front and we have to constantly remind her to heel. She never goes far and comes back when called. The couple lives in a housing development that has a large wetland area behind it. She would be great as a therapy dog and I decided to go through the training and get her certified to work in nursing homes and around hospitals. Mandy gets too far out in front and repeatedly has to be told to heel. They adopted the dog from an animal shelter when she was about a year old. The Selbergs have another dog.Chapter 7: Pulling On The Leash Dog’s Name: Mandy Age: 5 years Breed: Golden Retriever Sex: Female Living Situation: Mandy lives with her owner Katy Selberg and her husband. She’s not pulling us all over. so she is doing well at the classes. they let Mandy off the leash to run. demonstration of good manners and an obedient personality will be important to her successful certification. who will soon be in training to be a therapy dog. who is the Alpha dog in the house. If nobody else is around. Mike. Mandy has a head start already on this skill area thanks to the work the Selbergs have done with her and to the obedience classes she has been attending. Because walking on a leash is an important form of exercise for many dogs and is often required by city ordinance. Many pet owners describe dogs that get frenzied when it’s time for a walk. But the two pets get along well. There was a wait for the classes to start. It’s not a huge problem but I do want her to learn to walk nicely on the leash. 45 . It also appeared that she had recently given birth. They bark and jump up making it impossible to get the collar and leash on. My husband and I have worked with her and she listens fairly well. Some dogs get so excited they end up injuring their owners by pulling them down or jerking too hard on the leash. For Mandy. with walking trails where they take the dogs each day. Callie. and the trainer suggested I first enroll Mandy in basic obedience classes since she has never had any formal training. Her problem is not as severe as some other dogs’.

you may need to plan ahead and anticipate that this could take some time. You can’t give in because then you will be reinforcing the negative behavior. If the dog sits still while you put the leash on. you may not get beyond the sidewalk. You must be firm and consistent if you want her to learn quickly.■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ Training Tips For Dogs That Pull On The Leash 1. this is supposed to be fun for both you and your dog. If while on the leash. Remember. powerful dogs. 2. you still don’t have control and shouldn’t leave for the walk yet. and the dog responds to the pace you set. Don’t wait for the last minute to begin preparing for a potty break walk or you may end up with an accident. At the very least. or extreme lungers. you start out in control and teach the dog that you expect her to behave in a certain manner while on the leash. By insisting on a calm demeanor before putting on the collar or leash. If your dog is especially hyper when preparing for a walk. you are setting the tone for the rest of the activity. But if she begins jumping or lunging. give her this By insisting on a calm demeanor before command before putting on the leash and don’t putting on the collar or leash. If your dog knows to sit and stay. a mouth harness will give you more control without hurting the dog and making her fearful of collars and walks in general. If things are out of control before the walk even begins. stop and make her sit until she is calm again. The leash is slack. she does not comply. your expect her to behave in a certain manner dog should stand still and let you get situated. She watches your knee and moves with you as you turn corners or weave through people and other obstacles. jumping and pulling all over. 3.) TEACH YOUR DOG TO HEEL The “Heel” command means that the dog walks on your right side with her head near your knee. 46 . If you continue to walk while your dog pulls on the lead. Patiently stand still and let your dog romp around until she realizes that you aren’t going anywhere with her acting like that.) DON’T LEAVE THE HOUSE UNTIL YOUR DOG IS CALM This is simply and extension of tip #1. For large. Then praise her and move on. It may take awhile but she will eventually calm down and you can praise her and proceed with the walk. At first. slowing and speeding up as needed in order to stay in the heel position. but your dog will eventually learn that nothing is going to happen until she calms down. but then goes crazy. you will first need to teach her to calm down. you start out in control and teach the dog that you give in until she does it.) CALM THOSE PRE-WALK JITTERS If your dog gets too excited when you put on her collar or go to get the leash. you are teaching her that the behavior is okay. you do not put the leash on and the walk is postponed.

A small treat held just in front of her nose can also work well. When your dog reaches the heel position next to your knee. 47 . praise her and give her the treat but keep on walking. You do not want to give the dog a treat every time she strays from the heel position and then returns. She only gets the treat when she stays in the correct area for a certain amount of time. say your dog’s name and then the word “heel” and step forward.To begin teaching this command. but it should gradually increase to minutes or entire walks. At first this may be several seconds. Using the poles to work with Mandy on her heeling helps to teach her to watch her owner’s knee for guidance on which direction to go and how fast to move. repeat the command and give another corrective tug on the leash. If she does not follow. give a jerk on the leash or pat your leg. If your dog moves too far ahead or behind.

and Ruth E. The strap over the muzzle mimics an alpha dog’s gentle muzzle bite used to demonstrate dominance. Several owners in our group use the Gentle Leader and have had success with it. Also. The Leader is based on basic dog behavior principles. pant. Dave explained that it gives him gentle control over Abby without causing her fear or discomfort that would add to her insecurity. past President of the National Association of Dog Obedience Instructors . Foster. R. one that fits high at the top of the neck. If you jerk too hard on the collar. And they also felt that adding pain to a heeling exercise makes the dog want to avoid the activity all together. but we prefer less painful methods. Anderson. For more aggressive dogs. The Leader uses two soft nylon straps. you can way to manage one’s dog without all the pulling. K.) TRY A DIFFERENT COLLAR OR A HARNESS Some people have had success with prong collars. prong collars have sharp spikes of metal that push into the dog’s skin or give him a sharp pinch when he pulls to hard on the lead. Our trainers felt that there was too much opportunity for this type of collar to be misused. The dog’s natural instinct is to relax. making lead training much easier and avoiding any choking or sharp jerks. One of the most recommended products to help curb a dog’s pulling is The Gentle Leader ® headcollar. The strap at the back of the neck applies pressure in the same location that mother dogs use when picking up their pups by the scruff of the neck. and power struggles. drink. can be an effective tool for teaching your dog not to pull on the lead. If you are using a regular collar.4. and any other normal behavior that requires him to have his mouth open. and if treated properly. damage your dog’s throat or airway jerking. you may want to try a chain choker. the Leader only holds your dog’s mouth shut if you pull on the leash. ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ 48 . Otherwise he is free to eat. any dog with his nose pushed down is put in a more submissive position. There is more information on the Gentle Leader in our Products List. rather than pull. and the other that fits loosely and comfortably across the base of the dog’s nose. The two came together to develop a humane and effective If you jerk too hard on the collar. developed by Dr. This helps with general obedience as well as deterring the dog from pulling on the lead. Choker collars have been in use for years. a well-know animal behavior expert. you can damage your dog’s throat or airway. the Leader not only reduces their pulling on the leash. DVM. As their name implies. it keeps them from barking or biting if the leash is held tight. but be sure to ask a trainer or veterinarian for advice on how to use it. Although it looks somewhat like a muzzle. The point of a choker collar is to let the dog decide to back off the leash when it feels its airway getting restricted.

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Cathy’s son. In fact a short time ago.Chapter 8: Biting and Nipping Dog’s Name: Shelby Age: 16 months Breed: Lab mix Sex: Female Living Situation: Shelby has lived in the country with her owner. When my son reached to try and remove the wire. She had been running through the woods alongside the 4wheeler and got tangled in barbed wire. but she bites hard enough to leave scratches and big red marks. so we took her in and I bottle-fed her for two weeks before we could begin introducing her to solid foods. Shelby is near the upper end of that pecking order. It’s clear that she is not trying to hurt anyone. Although nobody gets hurt by her playing. We tell her “no biting” and make her stop for a minute. But her absolute favorite activity is swimming. and just can’t bring 50 . Tyler. since she was a very young pup. wrestle. “talks” to me all the time. It wrapped tightly around her paw and one of the spikes was digging in to her leg. She is an energetic dog who loves to run. Needless to say. but as soon as we start playing again. staying for the weekend and spending time with Shelby. she has been the best company. a huge fenced in kennel. but Tyler. visits regularly. I’m afraid it will lead to overly aggressive behavior. There are no other dogs or pets in the house. Shelby snapped at my son. Cathy Johnson. Nobody else lives in the house. convinced me that Shelby needed rescuing. She has a large yard. I’m not comfortable with this assessment. we bonded and Shelby has become an important part of our family. and snuggles against my back when I’m sleeping. She is very expressive. she is right back to biting. Shelby is a 16-month-old female Lab-mix who was orphaned from her mother when just 4 weeks old. Ever since my son moved out. causing her a great deal of pain. The problem is Shelby bites too hard when people wrestle and play with her. but there are several dogs that share the hunting land. She gets along well with all the dogs. and she goes to the family hunting land at least once a week. but not the Alpha dog. Other people have said that a dog that bites its owner needs to be put down. My son. breaking the skin. and play fetch. Shelby snapped at him and caught the edge of his finger.

dogs who are ill or in pain are not themselves. while other types are about territory and pack status. nipping. To ensure that doesn’t happen. circumstance and should not be held against her unless the behavior is repeated. Cathy needed to take a “no exceptions” policy and not allow Shelby to bite at all. or grasp without biting. several trainers stressed that Cathy needs to teach Shelby appropriate play biting while others felt she needs to eliminate biting all together. Puppies learn to use appropriate bite All of the trainers and pet care specialists pressure from the reactions of their mothers involved with this book felt that Shelby’s and littermates. snapping. Over 4million people each year get bitten by dogs. But a dog that bites people because of problems with aggression is a serious danger and needs immediate attention." Puppies learn to use appropriate bite pressure from the reactions of their mothers and littermates. and putting her to sleep was definitely uncalled for. “They may have to grab a hold of someone to restrain them until we can get there and we want them to be serious about it without hurting the person.” She felt strongly that the Johnsons should not get rid of Shelby over the episode. This is a fine line. As Vet Tech. This usually occurs between the ages of five and eight weeks. This includes snarling. Others in this group felt that biting is such a natural part of what dogs do that to take that out of the animal would be to force it to behave in a way that is unnatural. so Cathy will have to act the part of the mother dog and teach her. This usually occurs between biting episode with Tyler was an unusual the ages of five and eight weeks. one of the law enforcement members. Tonia Heller explained. Are the two types of biting related? What can I do to make sure she doesn’t bite anyone again? Aggression in dogs is defined as threatening or harmful behavior that is directed toward another living creature. “It’s unfair to expect the same type of behavior from an injured dog as you would from a dog who is healthy and not under unusual stress. It is important to remember that aggressive behavior is natural for a dog. but the dogs learn how hard is too hard. biting at her owner’s son while in pain is not the same as a dog that bites aggressively under normal circumstances .” Some owners pointed out that they also wanted their dogs to bite if a burglar came into the house or another dog was threatening their child. I would like to try and correct her behavior if possible. Other trainers and pet care professionals felt that since Shelby has already shown a potential to bite too hard. In Shelby’s case. All contributors recommended seeking professional help for dogs that are biting and snapping due to aggression problems. biting and lunging. A dog's ability to control the force of his biting is called "bite inhibition. The first group suggested that Shelby learn to mouth.myself to think of Shelby that way. 51 . Some aggression is due to fear. It is their way of defending themselves and their territories. “We need our dogs to be able to bite appropriately. growling. Being orphaned at four weeks.” explained Larry. Shelby was never taught appropriate bite inhibition.

Cathy admitted that these are two of Shelby’s most common games. growl sharply at the dog. Although this squeal will likely stop the dog initially. particularly those who are closer to the alpha end of the pecking order. ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ Training Tips To Stop Inappropriate Biting And Nipping 1.) ALPHA ROLL “Ouch” in a loud. The trainers and pet care professionals suggest that Shelby stick to fetch. the more likely she will end up with the toy. 3. give the dog an Alpha roll. growly voice to help get the point across. then continue to walk away. If the dog still doesn’t get the message and chases after you continuin g to bite.even in play. In tug of war. Be careful not to flip the dog. the harder a dog bites. especially if she shakes her head a bit while biting. too hard. and other types of fun activities that don’t involve using her teeth or biting hard. then there will be no playtime. grab her by the scruff and give a sharp shake. make a sharp squealing noise or say the word “Ouch!” in a loud. When this occurs. and then get up and walk away.) ACT LIKE A MOTHER DOG A mother dog is very effective in training her offspring to bite and play appropriately. swimming. showing your teeth. This expression of pain or indignation will send a message to the dog in a language she uses every day. or tell her “No bite” while you do this. high-pitched voice. Both groups offer several solutions for those who are just starting out with young puppies and for people like Cathy who have an adult dog with an established problem with inappropriate biting. running alongside the bike or 4-wheeler. she often resumes biting after a brief pause. When the dog bites too hard. too hard. 2. This sends a When the dog bites too hard. especially a young puppy. not trying to inflict pain. For dogs that bite too hard during play or who won’t stop biting in response to other methods. You can say the command. This is very dangerous behavior to encourage in a dog. Instead of using verbal commands that may be way beyond a new puppy’s learning abilities.) AVOID TUG OF WAR GAMES AND WRESTLING THAT INVOLVE BITING Tug of war and mock attacks encourage the dog to use her teeth inappropriately. high-pitched voice. “No bite” or something similar in a low. make a message to the dog that says if she insists on biting sharp squealing noise or say the word. trainers and pet care professionals suggest using the same motions and reactions a mother dog uses with her pups. 52 . Scold the dog in a deep voice. which consists of flipping her over on her back and holding her until she calms down and quits biting. You are forcing the dog to be submissive.

) USE TABASCO. ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ 53 . LEMON JUICE. OR OTHER FLAVORED DETERRENT As suggested for excessive barking problems.) APPLY PRESSURE TO THE TOP OF THE DOG’S MUZZLE Wrap your fingers around the dog’s jaws and apply firm pressure to the top of the muzzle while saying "NO" or a similar verbal command in a low tone of voice to simulate growling. 5. Timing is key. this method of applying a distasteful substance to your skin or directly on the dog’s tongue can be effective. and using a verbal command in combination will eventually eliminate the need for the flavored deterrent. Several commercial products can be safely used on human skin or on gloves. See our Products List in the book’s appendix for more information. Applying firm pressure to the top of the dog’s muzzle is similar to what a mother dog would do to teach a pup not to bite. This technique is also similar to the actions a mother dog would take with one of her pups.4.

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So now I use a noisemaker and that works really well. A puppy's urge to chew usually peaks around teething time because gnawing on stuff soothes the discomfort caused by new teeth coming in. and in fact. 55 . but pretty soon. Two primary ways dogs have for getting to know the world around them are through their noses and their mouths. he learned that if he took something and then brought it to me. The only problem is that he chews on everything. At first. like my shoes. Riley is really coming along. At ten months old. Then he started taking things and running off to chew on them where I can’t see him. The other day he took my purse while I was on the phone. Now I just need to get him to avoid chewing even when I can’t see him. It is inappropriate chewing of furniture. on a regular basis and the two dogs play and get into trouble together. but his chewing is driving her crazy. This has really become a problem. So I puppy-proofed my house. rugs. I found it outside and he had taken the cell phone out of the pocket and given that a good chewing. he would get a treat. shoes.Chapter 9: Chewing On Things Dog’s Name: Riley Age: 10 months Breed: English Cocker Spaniel Sex: Male Living Situation: Riley lives with his owner. It’s become a game for him and he does it to get my attention. all I have to do is pick it up and Riley quits. This is why we so often see puppies smelling or chewing on just about everything they encounter. That’s not what I wanted him to learn at all. He hates the sound. or hard rubber toys. Veronica Woodhouse. Veronica feels Riley is doing well on his obedience training. her friend’s Labrador. rawhide. He is doing well with his obedience training and has a good look. He started out chewing on what he could get a hold of. I tried giving him a treat when he would drop the item and stop chewing. There are no other people or pets in the house but Veronica watches Lucy. He’s fun to work with and seems to enjoy the exercises. most owners do not mind if their dogs chew appropriate chew toys such as bones. Like many other behaviors.

Their latest casualty was the remote control for the television. because it is just she and the dog most of the time.and other non-toy items that causes problems. The most important thing in teaching dogs appropriate chewing behavior is to supervise them so that you can react immediately when they grab something that is not allowed. Start by puppy proofing your home. Veronica will pay attention to him. If this chewing relieves the condition it will most likely be repeated again and again because it is self-reinforcing. papers and plants away or out of reach covering or hiding electrical wires closing doors or using gates to keep dogs in their space and out of off limits areas Unfortunately. there are some preventative things dog owners can do to try and alleviate a chewing problem. In Riley’s case. Veronica has since puppy proofed her house in accordance with both dogs’ abilities. This attention seeking is not uncommon for dogs that live with only one owner and no other pets. In fact. Not only is it fun. Breeds like Retrievers are especially known for this and may be avid chewers all their lives. Dogs may chew when they are lonely or bored. the dog will not make the connection between your 56 . Puppy proofing includes:     picking up any throw rugs putting shoes. the joint chewing escapades of Lucy and Riley added additional reinforcement for both dogs’ chewing habits. Even if her attention is in the form of anger or frustration. If you try to correct the behavior after the fact. Consequently. he is still getting her to notice him. even if your dog is past the teething stage. a friend’s larger and equally mischievous dog. First. confine him when you are not able to supervise his actions. Make sure he gets plenty of exercise and attention. but now another dog is doing it too. They may also chew when they are anxious and under stress. It can take up to two years before they can be trusted not to chew on non-toy items. Victoria has two dogs that need to learn that chewing is not acceptable. This accomplice grabbed things that were too high for Riley to reach and the two of them would run off to have a chewing party. clothing. Because the friend’s dog will continue to be a regular visitor. puppy owners need to accept the fact that young dogs will chew on things. Veronica did this with Riley and it worked fairly well until Lucy. Veronica will have to use one of the negative responses listed below to help Riley learn that his bad behavior isn’t going to get him what he wants. Before Trying Training Tips Before trying some of the training tips and tricks. Veronica indicated that she spends plenty of time with Riley and he is not lacking in the attention department. began coming to the house for daycare. Until your dog has learned appropriate chewing behaviors. But acceptin g doesn’t mean that you have to allow your dog to destroy your house and possessions. he knows that if he grabs something and starts chewing. which makes Riley think it must be okay. Riley is used to having his owner’s undivided attention and begins to act up when she focuses on something else.

) USE APPROPRIATE METHODS WHEN TAKING ITEMS AWAY FROM THE DOG If your dog does not drop the item when you give him a verbal command. back up. but not overly loud. One trainer described a pet owner whose dog began to shy away from playing fetch.) USE A STERN VERBAL COMMAND/REDIRECT When you see the dog grab an item or begin to chew on the chair leg. spray him with a squirt bottle or pry his mouth open gently with your fingers. Don’t make the dog bring the item to you. the When you want the dog to stop playing with trainer realized the problem was with the method the particular item tell him to “Leave it” and used to correct the dog’s chewing habit. Go to the dog and remove the object from his mouth.) PRACTICE THE “LEAVE IT” COMMAND Once your dog begins to acknowledge the command to “Leave it”. Dogs respond much more quickly and positively to any training activities when they are conducted in a calm. make him walk away from the item… When the owner caught the dog chewing on something. you need to take the item away. she would command the dog to bring the item to her and then proceed to scold the animal. As your dog begins to show signs of appropriate chewing behavior. Frisbees. This is different from the command you use when you want the dog to give you the fetch toy to be thrown again. you can practice this exercise with other objects including balls.displeasure and the photo album he chewed up three hours earlier. The dog was being taught that the fetching. When you want the dog to stop playing with the particular item. And you will be a lot less angry or frustrated if you can catch the dog before it destroys something. This helps him make the connection between chewing and objects that are allowed. 2. issue a stern. and it began to avoid fetching even allowable items for fear of being disciplined. verbal command such as “No!” or “Leave it!” It is helpful to redirect the dog’s attention to an appropriate chew toy and praise him when he chews on the appropriate object. chew toys and other allowable items. gradually give him more unsupervised freedom. 57 . It’s important that it not become a game. ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ Training Tips For Dogs That Chew 1. 3. not the chewing was the bad behavior. upbeat manner. tell him to “Leave it” and make him walk away from the item or pick it up yourself and give the dog a treat when he obeys. After extensive questioning and a lucky guess. Check on him after 5 or 10 minutes and slowly increase the amount of time he is left alone. If he resumes his destructive chewing. If the dog won’t let go.

Victoria has been able to use this method effectively when she sees Riley chewing on something. A well-exercised dog is less likely to chew or act out in other ways. 6. 5. Dogs are smart enough to figure out that the toy they have been chewing for months might not be as interesting as the new.) USE A CHEWING DETERRENT Spray Bitter Apple or similar chewing deterrent product on furniture legs. smelly. . They also recommend rotating the dog’s toys to avoid boredom. or using a loud whistle or horn to startle the dog and distract him from the unwanted behavior. It consists of filling a soda can with pennies or pebbles. you don’t want to overdo it.) USE A NOISEMAKER TO DISTRACT THE DOG AND PRODUCE A NEGATIVE REINFORCER This method has been described already in this book as a means of addressing barking and digging issues. Giving a dog an old shoe or torn up sock can confuse matters. and they associate it as a negative enforcer. fun. some dogs seem unaffected by these products and will require a different method.) LIMIT THE NUMBER OF CHEW TOYS Too many toys to choose from can create confusion about which things are okay to chew. While it is important to have safe. This tool is effective for several behavior problems because many dogs do not like the noise. and other reachable objects in which the dog has shown an interest. See our Products List in the book’s appendix for a list of recommended chew toys. Unfortunately. inexpensive means of training a dog to chew. even when you can’t be there to supervise. electrical wires. They learn to avoid the behavior because they want to avoid the noise. Many dogs have trouble understanding that one shoe is old and the other is new. chew toys. but that chewing the full bottle will cause problems. or that the empty soda bottle is fine to poke teeth holes in. The effectiveness of the product often depends on the individual dog’s response to the active agent in the solution. 58 Victoria gives Riley some exercise at obedience training. but she still needs to find a way to convince him not to chew on inappropriate objects at all. This is a simple. leather shoes you just bought. It is important to not overdo the use of this method or the dog will become accustomed to the noise and not associate it as negative. so try more than one brand if needed.4. Most of our trainers and pet care providers suggest no more than ten toys out at a time. See our Products List in the book’s appendix for information on these kinds of pet care items. The use of appropriate chew toys is also important.

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Often dogs that are shy or fearful have been abused or mistreated early on in life. Abby is great with kids and easy to train. and so is her shyness. Kids don’t bother her. but they been abused or mistreated early on in life. she is okay with them from there on. We’ve had her since she was very little and she has never been mistreated. She’s really easy to train. I have her in a training group at Mud Puppies. So many people think she is an adult dog because she is so calm. Once she gets to know a person. I’ve asked all kinds of trainers and experts and they tell me it’s just her personality. Carol.Chapter 10: Nervous Or Shy Dogs Dog’s Name: Abby Age: 10 months Breed: Yellow Lab mix Sex: Female Living Situation: Dave Hickey purchased Abby from a breeder when she was a young pup. but she is nervous and shy when meeting new people and other dogs. Abby seems a lot older than 10 months. She acts almost fearful. especially if people pay attention to her and want to pet her. is the alpha dog. It’s better to just let her come up to you on her own. They have one other dog. and their three children live in a suburban area with over an acre for Abby to roam. She is friendly with them right away. This is sort of unusual for young Labs. usually don’t have the dogs long enough to be truly effective. who despite her small size. Shelter staff often try to Often dogs that are shy or fearful have help dogs regain trust and confidence. This type of behavior is common with shelter dogs that were abandoned or beaten by their owners. Ginger. He and his wife. but she is extremely shy around other dogs and strangers. She’s not unfriendly. which often helps alleviate the problem. which has helped her to be more comfortable around other dogs. a miniature Dachshund. We’ve never given her any reason to fear people. All of her training has been strictly praise based and she does well. is not necessarily encouraged for shelter dogs that will eventually be leaving the facility for new homes. Dave describes her behavior as almost fearful. But I guess I don’t really understand her shyness. 60 . Dave’s instincts are correct. then she seems okay and eventually you can pet her. He wanted a medium sized dog for a family pet. And bonding with a human.

Usually we need this type of personality and we are able to curb it a bit with training. we test …it is likely that dogs that have been shy them for shyness or overly aggressive behavior. The law enforcement people concur with this assessment. If this is reinforced as a puppy in the litter. ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ Training Tips For Shy And Fearful Dogs 1. But the trust and confidence building suggestions listed below typically are effective in helping an Omega dog become less shy and submissive.” from birth will retain aspects of this personality despite the most thorough and Shane said.) OBEDIENCE TRAINING Here our old standby isn’t just one of many suggestions. reserved. Usually these dogs are deeply sensitive to their owners’ emotions and respond poorly to anger and any type of negative discipline. Some dogs are just born more submissive and laid back. But a shy dog or one that lacks confidence is a danger to itself and others in our situations. they begin to feel more sure of themselves and come out of their shells a little. And experience has shown that it is very difficult to train that behavior out of a dog. Ginger. it is especially important to remain calm and pleasant with shy dogs. This is especially true if the Alpha dog is excessively aggressive or dominant. who is the Alpha dog. aggressive dog that requires more supervision and training. Abby lives with another dog. and all the other wonderful activities that happen during obedience training give dogs a major boost of confidence. it is probable that the dog will grow to an adult that is cautious. so this could be part of the problem. heel. stay. part of the solution lies in curbing the Alpha dog’s behavior. No matter which training method you use. Many of these traits can be overcome. and our trainers and pet care specialists felt that the shyness was probably part of Abby’s personality as Dave has heard before. he can deal with the fact that she is not outgoing.Sometimes dogs that live in a multi-pet household will have confidence issues if they are the Omega (or submissive) dog in the pack.” Dave feels that if he can teach Abby to be a bit more comfortable in new situations. “Truth be told. Training her to sit. and even fearful in some situations. The use of negative reinforcers is not recommended for shy or under-confident dogs. In this situation. Once they see that they can do something well and earn praise. aggressive dogs. 61 . “When dogs are selected for our training. we prefer the more supportive training. but it is likely that dogs that have been shy from birth will retain aspects of this personality despite the most thorough and supportive training. Obedience training is essential for dogs that are shy or lack confidence. But Ginger is not aggressive toward Abby. He much prefers her personality to that of a more hyper.

And being good at what you do impacts your whole outlook on life. If they feel like they are good at their job. Abby going through the tunnel at obedience class. This exercise helps her learn not to be afraid of new things. If your dog stays put or greets visitors praise her or give a treat. and then praise her when she responds correctly. more relaxed. The dog will take its cue from you and decide there is no reason to be afraid or concerned. you may want to start with a simple socializing class where the focus is on playing and interacting rather than learning obedience. Encourage people to sit down and pet the dog under the chin or on the chest instead of towering over the dog and patting it on its head or back. you can try telling her to sit when someone comes to the door. Keep new people and dogs away from the pet’s area to help assure her that she is safe and secure. praising them or talking to them sweetly when they are exhibiting these types of unwanted behaviors. For shy dogs. Traveling in cars. and trying new things. Don’t allow them to chase after the dog or corner her to get her to be still. The opportunity to do something right and be rewarded for it will boost her confidence and help her feel prepared to meet new situations. Let the dog decide if she wants to be petted by visitors.) DON’T PET YOUR DOG TO TRY AND CALM IT WHEN IT’S NERVOUS As pet owners who love our dogs. it’s natural to want to comfort a shy or nervous dog. You may lack training or direction and therefore be reluctant to act. These actions can be intimidating to dogs. 3. going new places. move on to obedience training. we enforce the shyness. meeting new people and dogs are all part of the training to help overcome shyness.Think of how you feel when you start a new job or project. the training activities must happen outside the home. It’s the same for dogs. As difficult as it may be. This method applies to meeting new dogs. and you get a chance to practice and prove that you can do it. going new places. and secure. Maybe it’s their crate. 2. Tonia Heller described how going to the vet can be a frightening experience for pets. For example. But by petting them. you feel much more confident. But once you have someone show you how to do things. 62 . But don’t stop at socializing. they are happier. you need to ignore the behavior and act as if everything is just fine. If you have been teaching your dog obedience commands. or a quiet corner of a den or other room that is not right near the entryway. Once your dog seems to be feeling more comfortable in new surroundings. and the back is an especially sensitive area for female dogs. If your dog is exceptionally shy or sensitive.) PROTECT YOUR DOG'S PERSONAL SPACE It is important that shy dogs have a place to call their own.

If you act scared or worried. Continue to practice this with the same person until the dog responds positively. She recommends rewarding the dog for walking through the office door. but routine or non-emergency visits to the vet should be treated like a fun adventure where the dog is rewarded for behaving. The helper should avoid making direct eye contact with the dog for the first few times. trips to the vet will be much less stressful for everyone. Starting with just one person. When your dog appears to be comfortable with these people. petting them when they are sitting quietly. the dog will pick up on your emotions and respond accordingly. and making her stay calm while you groom her. Tonia cautions that it may be difficult to act as if everything is normal if the dog is seriously ill or injured. The helper should have a treat or one of the dog’s favorite play toys and should try to encourage the dog by calling her name in a soft. If the dog approaches. If you find that you are giving her a lot of treats. mature people to help you encourage our dog to interact with new people.She sees owners reinforce this fear by carrying dogs that normally walk on a leash. Regularly handling and examining your dog will help it become relaxed and comfortable with grooming and trips to the veterinarian’s office. have him or her sit out in the yard and see if your dog will approach.) PEOPLE THERAPY If the dog is afraid of people. upbeat tone while holding out the treat. Your dog may come to expect that new people will always carry treats. be sure to use something nutritional and cut back on her daily food so she doesn’t gain weight. Then start again with a new person. Once your dog overcomes her shyness. back off and try just the one person again for several days. and petting them when they begin to bark or whine. This is especially true for shy and sensitive dogs that look to their owners for cues. then four as your dog gains confidence. If you have taken time to get your dog used to being examined. 4. but you should still continue to reinforce the positive behavior with a treat once in awhile. if she will allow it. try bringing them together in groups of two. recruit the help of three or four calm. by playing with her feet and ears. she should be given the treat and some petting. you can reduce the treats. 63 . then three. allowing dogs to jump in their laps. If she seems overwhelmed. and should try to stay sitting as still as possible. and treating the visit like any other outing. and it’s not a bad idea to keep a treat container near the front door for visitors to use.

and afraid of. As your dog grows accustomed to the strange. 6. changing the types of objects in your obstacle course until your dog approaches things cautiously but confidently. your dog will sense that and under the objects on the course while trying not to feel more confident.) FREE PLAY WITH A DOG FRIEND For dogs that are nervous or shy around people. praise her and give her a treat. Praise and reward your dog when she responds with confidence. Then remove the leashes and let the dogs play. One pet owner who tried this approach reported that at first the dog looked at her like she was crazy. Because this will be free play. have them sit on the floor and yawn repeatedly. pause or anticipate the dog’s reactions. Include a flapping tarp pinned to the clothesline. but they should be new toys that neither dog has an attachment to or feels ownership towards. stop the activity for that day. They should not make eye contact with the dog. Let them sniff and move around a bit until it is clear that there will be no problems with aggression or fighting. landscaping bricks in a path on the lawn. You must repeat this exercise regularly. have the other dog’s owner attempt to pet your pooch. Find a non-aggressive playmate with up to date vaccinations and an owner who is willing to accompany their dog to a play session. it tells your dog that there is nothing frightening or concerning about the situation. allow the dogs to get to know one another. around. your dog will sense that and feel more confident. let the dogs play for fifteen minutes the first time and gradually increase that to where you can let the dogs go until they are tired out. obstacles and accepts them without hesitation. with If you act like there is nothing to be your pet on a leash. don’t praise her. but then it began wagging its tail and eventually came over and rolled on its back to be petted. If either dog appears to become over stimulated and too wound up. As the playtime increases . Then. over. where the dogs are taken off the leashes and allowed to romp around as they wish. Frisbee.) CREATE AN OBSTACLE COURSE FOR YOUR DOG Set up a small obstacle course in your back yard. You can provide toys.) YAWN A LOT Several trainers mentioned that they have read that yawning is supposed to calm dogs. or some other nonconfrontational activity. If she hesitates or shies away from something. walk through. Apparently yawning is contagious for canines too! 7. Repeat this activity throughout the course of a ten or fifteen minute conversation and see if the dog relaxes or comes over to be petted. You can also try having both owners interact with the dogs in a game of fetch. anything that your dog is likely to shy away from. She added that the dog even yawned a few times herself. When visitors come to the house. You may eventually want to have a family member walk out slowly from behind an 64 . a chair covered with a sheet. While still on the leash. it is important that they have canine friends to interact with. Keep walking until she is behaving normally and then reward her. Because yawning is a sign of relaxation and security. If you act like there is nothing to be afraid of. it should be done in a large room or a fenced area.5. If everything goes well. new.

The “Fast time” command. her fear. (You might need it too as a reward for your patience and efforts in training your shy dog. bang gently on a pan.) TAKE YOUR DOG ON AN OUTING You can follow the above suggestions with your dog. or on a trail system. it is especially important to get them out of their comfort zone (your house) and out into the world to face new adventures and interactions. but if she never leaves the house. And with shy dogs. 9.) In addition to teaching a dog to enjoy being touched. and also to help her get away from a frightening situation. this will help your dog become more comfortable with new situations. 8. but on your terms. act as calm as possible and keep walking. you can also take her on walks around the neighborhood. Use some common sense with this. Even if your outing simply consists of a car ride to the store to get a gallon of milk. You can practice this command in your yard so that the dog is familiar with it before you head out on a walk. from a frightening situation. which is basically the same thing and is often taught as part of obedience training heeling exercises. Try to take at least two trips each week to provide your dog enough exposure to new things. If you dog shies away from things while on a walk or begins to get agitated. stop your dog and praise her and clap your hands. or teach your The point is to take your dog’s mind off dog the “Let’s go” command . It is important to keep her on a leash so you can supervise and be certain that she doesn’t run off. as children love to help figure out what devices and obstacles can be rigged up for your dog. not hers.) USE THE “LET’S GO” OR “FAST TIME” COMMAND In addition to bringing your dog on an outing. Be sure to praise your dog for any positive behavior during your walk and make a big deal of her bravery when you get home. can be used instead. but there should be no sudden movements and no startling noises. and also to help her get away When you are away from the intimidating object. you are overlooking an important part of her development. 65 . And never let young children be responsible for walking your dog through the obstacle course. at the park.object. You don’t wan to make the dog more afraid. The point is to take your dog’s mind off her fear. You need to be in charge to ensure that it is a positive training method for your dog. You don’t want to present your dog with any truly frightening experiences that will do more harm to her confidence.) MASSAGE THERAPY Some trainers and pet care providers recommend trying massage therapy on your dog. Praising your dog during the drive and giving a treat when you get back help to reward the dog and convince it that traveling is fun. massage therapy can calm a nervous dog and help her to develop trust. not hers. or provide some other new feature or action. 10. but on your This command consists of picking up your terms. jump up and down. This practice often can be turned into a fun family activity. Be sure to provide the dog with appropriate air flow and shelter from the sun if it is hot outside. or somehow show that you are having fun. normal walking speed to a jog or a fast sprint. get injured or some other traumatizing experience.

a pup with stress issues.You will either need to acclimate your dog to the massage therapist or learn the techniques yourself. or simply as a form of reward for your dog after a long day of training or competition. ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ 66 . such as for a dog with sore muscles. The initial investment for a training class to learn the skills will likely pay off in the end as you can use your massage abilities in other situations also.

Each trainer and pet care professional had a final piece of advice or encouragement for the pet owners presented here in the book and for dog owners in general. neurotic. Start as young as you can and bring him to the park. Remember to mean what you say and enforce it. but if you approach the behavior and training like something the dog is simply expected to do. to get along with other dogs. as part of who he is. dogs need to have to have regular and consistent training to become really good at following commands. and dog owners who contributed to this book have a love of dogs and a wish to see well behaved pets and happy owners. to enjoy human companionship – all the basics that will help the owner and pet have a smooth transition and a long and healthy relationship. Cathy Gustafson: The best thing you can do for your dog is to socialize him. The dog owners also offered several suggestions and words of encouragement. build your skills. Teach it to listen. Then learn as much as you can 67 .Final Thoughts All of the trainers. Just because a dog is small doesn’t mean it is not capable of taking care of itself and facing life bravely. and frightened dogs whose owners obviously care for them very much. This will give him confidence. Keep at it. pet care specialists. Loving a pet and taking good care of it doesn’t necessarily mean pampering it. Darlene Smetena: Practice every day. Law Enforcement Canine Officers: Dogs are amazing animals and can be taught to do so much more than we give them credit for. and find solutions to your dog’s behavior problems. You many not be quite as serious about your training. Kathleen Daniels: Don’t give up. that will eventually become the reality. For canine units. and make it easier on your groomer when the dog is relaxed and enjoys going places. Run your hands over her body and teach her to lie still when you groom her or pull burrs from her fur. Hopefully their advice and experiences will help you gain insight. Think of how you would want that dog to behave if you brought it to your home. And most of all. Their thoughts are paraphrased below. Lauren and Nancy Anderson: This is geared more toward breeders and others who raise dogs. it’s a job and good training can mean the difference between life and death. don’t coddle your dog or be overprotective. This only causes anxiety problems and teaches the dog to be afraid. We see a lot of overweight. Just like you have to practice a sport or a skill. It’s all about the way you approach it and the effort you put in. to socialization and obedience classes. Tonia Heller: Get your dog into a relaxed mode and play with her feet. and mouth. but it all takes time. open his mind to training. Their main message is to think about your situation before you get a dog. ears. to the store with you.

after a reasonable amount of time something doesn’t seem to be working. find ways to make training fun for both of you. good and bad. is a reflection of what you’ve taught it. We hope this book has helped you to be a smart pet owner with an equally intelligent dog. consider contacting a professional trainer. proven training techniques. and not everything suggested here will fit your pet or particular situation. ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ We have presented many different solutions. In most instances. and a whole lot of patience and love. both pet professionals and pet owners offered this final message for dog owners. practice. canine behavior problems can be overcome with some common sense. is a reflection of what you’ve taught it. It might cost you a small fee to enroll your dog in classes or have a trainer work with him. …a dog is only as smart as its owner. It’s so much easier to teach dogs to behave correctly from the start than it is to fix a problem after the fact. don’t give up. A dog’s behavior. good and bad. but if it means the difference between getting to keep your pet and having to find a new home for him. Love your dog. 68 .about canine behavior and what things to avoid doing. If. As a group. practice. You just have to show her how. however. Try another tactic. And if all else fails. it will be worth the cost. an understanding of the root cause of the behavior. and practice. Your dog wants to do the right thing and make you happy. A dog’s behavior. There’s an old dog trainer’s truism that says a dog is only as smart as its owner.

Bonus Section Products List With the help of the book’s contributors. You want to be sure the chew is safe and that dogs won’t end up eating pieces that can’t be easily www. A package of 14 regular sized Greenies retails for $ www. General Online Canine Products Links (Major suppliers/national chains ) www. They are high in protein. Greenies are very popular. These are simply some of the items our contributors have tried and would recommend to other dog owners. help satisfy your dog's natural urge to chew and are formulated with natural chlorophyll to freshen breath.99 Gimborn’s 100% liver treats are bite-sized cubes that have a taste and aroma dogs can't Dog Safe Chews & Treats There are literally hundreds of different chews and treats out there for dogs.allpets. All prices listed are average retail prices.petsmart.dogtoys. Here are a few of the favorites suggested by the pet care professionals and dog owners who contributed to the book. we have compiled a list of canine products and links to sites that sell these products. It is usually a matter of finding those that fit your pocketbook and then giving a few a try to see which your dog likes www. Check the label or ask your veterinarian if you are unsure about the safety of a www. nutritious chews that are like a toothbrush for your www. The chews come in different sizes and packaging options.petstreetmall.drsfostersmith. A smart shopper is likely to get a better deal. this freeze dried liver treat is high in protein and i . Recommended by professional trainers. We are not endorsing these products or suggesting that they are better than other canine merchandise.

B6.kongcompany. BBQ beef.99). They're odor-free and non-staining. PHILLY STEAK: steak scraps · 1 oz. Booda Velvet Groovies come in small ($2. Package for $19. vitamins D. They can be purchased at many pet supply stores. Kong Toys are made of a thick. and peanut butter.99. Flavors include chicken. The site includes many more recipes and information on how to use the Kong chews as toys and as training and behavior modification tools. then. Many pet owners who come to her center for training have sampled the product and agree that their dogs go crazy for the treat. cream cheese · Place small scraps of the steak inside Kong toy. Stuffing suggestions for Kong Chews The following recipes for stuffing Kong chews were taken from the official Kong website at http://www. E. Kongs range in size from small to large. the black Kong is extra tough. The manufacturer claims that these chews are safe for all dogs because they gradually grind away. All ingredients come from renewable resources. add wheat germ and yogurt.95 to $10. The rolls come in 2-lb. mash up banana. B1. Replace the toy if it becomes gouged or ii . Spread cream cheese in large hole to hold scraps.contains no preservatives or artificial ingredients. but you should monitor your dog for the first few times to be sure. medium ($3. package and also come in a 14-oz. the owner of Mud Puppies canine center cuts slices off the Oinker Roll to use as training and showing treats. C and Iron. Nylabones are made of nylon that is impregnated with ham bone flavor. They retail for $2. B12. It must be refrigerated after opening. natural rubber to provide your dog with a chewing workout.99 for a 2-oz. cheeseburger.99).99 for a large super tough Kong. Sizes and range in price from $5.99). and contain no animal by-products. She says nothing works better for her dogs.html .99. Freeze for 4 hours. Makes 1 serving for Medium Kong. For real chewers. K. Double for every Kong Size that is bigger. peanut butter or a specially designed stuffing (see below) to add to the fun.99 Oinker Gourmet Meat Roll (also known as Rollover) is made of all beef and liver or lamb. Mash all ingredients together and use spoon to add to Kong. & large ($4. There is also a Kong ball that is just as indestructible and retails for $5. BANANA RAMA: 1 fresh banana · 2 tbs wheat germ · 1 tbs. And 4-lb. and price increases accordingly from $3. You can fill the hollow end with treats. Several of our pet owners use the chews with no adverse effects to their pets. Booda Velvet Groovies are made from a biodegradable blend of cornstarch and other ingredients. rather than break off in chunks. Cathy Gustafson. A Kong's 'beehive” design makes it bounce unpredictably in every direction. It contains 12% protein and 6% fat. plain yogurt (can use your pet's favorite flavor as well) · In a bowl. Most dogs are unable to chew the toy apart.99 to $10. or if pieces begin to break off. Nylabone makes several different types of chews in a variety of price ranges.

) Best Behavior spray by Nature's Miracle is used to stop unwanted pet behavior including chewing. biting. It's vitaminenriched to promote a healthy coat. biodegradable spray lasts up to 4 weeks. celery sticks. Because the Gentle Leader is different from any other training collars you may have previously used. iii . it's important to read and follow the complete instructions that are included. You can include other fruits and veggies: orange slices. Pour heated Velveeta into Kong. and is safe around children and pets when used as directed. and store without tangling. Add macaroni and cheese to Kong Toy. These leads have a recoil system inside a plastic housing. and hot herbs. scratching. Cool thoroughly before giving to dog. Sprinkle some cheese over the top and microwave for about 20 seconds. Put into Kong toy.FRUIT SALAD: apple and carrot chunks · 1/4th of a banana · Place apples and carrots in Kong Toy. etc. They allow the lead to retract freely or have a locking mechanism if you need to maintain a certain leash length. Because they allow a range of movement. It uses pressure on the muzzle to simulate the actions of a pack leader and pressure on the scruff of the neck to simulate the actions of a mother dog.99. going in unauthorized areas. are easy to handle. give added control. jumping on counters & furniture. Harnesses & Leads The Gentle Leader Headharness was discussed in Chapter 7. Deterrents & Repellents (to reduce chewing. Liver Snaps treats are shaped like a Kong and are just the right size for stuffing into the opening. biting. tomato and black olive mixture. VEGGIE KONG OMELET: 1 egg · your choice of shredded cheese · any vegetables that your pet may like · Scramble egg and fold in vegetables. these leads are extremely popular. and going into restricted areas. Bitter End Pet Repellant is a powerful spray that is made from some of the most bitter. Mush the banana in large hole to hold fruit in place. Retractable leads come in a variety of brands.99. sour. The Gentle Leader sells for $17.99. Kong Stuff’n makes several different types of pre-made fillers for the Kong chew. A bottle costs $6. peach and/or nectarine chunks. can sells for $7. broccoli and/or cauliflower. An 8-oz. digging. Make sure it has cooled before giving to your pet. MAC 'N CHEESE: Leftover macaroni and cheese · small cube of Velveeta · Melt Velveeta in microwave until gooey. Fans of this product claim it only takes one taste and your dog will never chew. styles and prices. An 11-oz bag retails for $7. One application of this non-toxic. Kong Stuff'n Paste is perfect to use for filling the Kong cavity.99. and comes in peanut butter or liver flavor.

or training a dog where the property boundaries are. An 8-oz. bottle). It requires a 9-volt battery (not included) and costs $16. Some of our contributors said they had sprayed this deterrent on their skin with no harmful effects. Grannick’s Bitter Apple spray leaves an unpleasant yet harmless taste on your dog's fur to discourage chewing and biting. can).99. counter tops or any other taboo area. They can be helpful in keeping a dog from digging.99 for 22-oz. or the granules for outdoor use only ($7.99. according to the instructions in the book. bottle sells for $4. a 16-oz bottle is $8. dig. PetsMART offers a gallon of Bitter Apple for $34.99 and a 16-oz.99 for a 28-oz. and for the real stubborn canines.99. It can also be sprayed in a dog’s mouth.lick. Boundary repellents by Lambert Kay create an invisible but powerful barrier to keep pets and stray animals away from specified areas.99. The Tattle Tale audible deterrent uses a super sensitive vibration detection system to keep pets from restricted areas. bottle is $4. to discourage excessive barking.99. in Chapter 8 who bite too hard when playing. but you wouldn’t want to put it on your skin. claw or bite that spot again! It can be used to deter dogs like Shelby. The device emits a three second alert that keeps pets off furniture. bottle costs $6. but will not likely stop a running dog from leaving the yard. An 8-oz. Choose the spray formula for indoor/outdoor use ($7. iv .

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