REMOVAL OF CLOUD COVER IN IMAGE DATA PROCESSING Mohamed Aroos, Pathma Guruge Center for Remote Sensing, Surveyor

General’s office, 150, Kirula Road, Colombo-05, Sri Lanka Tel: +94112587988 E-mail:,

KEY WORDS: GeoView, Tie Points, Model Compensation, Ortho-rectification Mosaicking, Seam lines. ABSTRACT Cloud cover is an eternal problem pertaining to image processing in tropical regions of the world. Sri Lanka too is facing the same problem in acquiring cloud free satellite imageries. In optical satellite imageries, there is always a problem with clouds. Whenever we purchase satellite images it is very difficult to find cloud free images. Hence making some hindrance in data extraction on the area where cloud is covered. Clouds not only hide the ground but also cast their shadows on the ground, so a fast and automatic method to remove clouds and their shadows from the required satellite images is necessary This paper describes a simple way of overcoming this problem with substitute temporal cloud free Satellite images belong to same type of imagery and taken on the same locality. The procedure is quite simple. The necessary images are composed as a block and this block of images are first geometrically corrected to fit the correct locality. Then the images are further corrected to the terrain relief to yield an orthorectified image. The orthorectified images are then mosaicked to get a single image. This mosaicking process is the main step in removing Clouds and bringing the substitute image on the block in place of the cloud. And ultimately the cloud free image is obtained. 1.0 INTRODUCTION The satellite Images are now widely used in almost all field of studies and the Optical multispectral satellite imageries such as TM-Landsat , Quick bird, Ikonos etc., having visible, infrared and near-infrared band range which cannot penetrate through the cloud. The cloud free satellite image is very essential for assisting image interpretation and extracting the hidden information by the cloud. It is learned that the average cloud coverage for the entire world is about 40%. Sri Lanka is not exceptional for cloud cover and the cloudy weather is appeared persistently, there are many methods developed for removing cloud cover from imageries. This study reveals a method to remove clouds in Quick bird images using temporal substitute images of cloud free. The whole process is carried out through image processing Software Called GeoView (Product of IGN, France) running under Macintosh environment.

11th April.2007 Cloud Cover Fig-01-Cloud Quick bird image . 11th Feb 2006.0. It is basically the images are first made as block then undergo to Geometric and radiometric Corrections and finally mosaicking is done to have the block as a single image yielding cloud free portion of the image in the input cloud image.0.6m Fig-02-Block of Quick bird images.06th April 2006.2.10th April.6m 3.2006. 10th March.0 METHODOLOGY The methodology adopted in this process is outlined simply by the fig-03.0 DATA PREPARATION The Quick bird image with cloud (Fig-01) and some substitute images of the same type with same location were selected and formed as a block (Fig-02) Dates of Acquisition of images used are 20th July 2005 (Cloud image).2006.2006 and 02nd June. Fig-03 .

Fig-04-View of tie points and GCPP . Once the RMS for these points achieved the required accuracy.0 PROCEDURE The necessary images were identified and converted into a special format DMR to work with the image processing software called GeoView (Product of IGN France) and the images were formed as a block in view of block adjustment.000 topo data are depicted in fig-04 and Fig-05 respectively. the block was adjusted through the Software. Then the block is adjusted giving tie points and GCPP from SPOT image and Digital Topo data (fig-04) after giving enough tie points and GCPP The log file created for the RMS values for given tie points and GCPP were analyzed for the acceptance.4. For this block of Quick bird images the acceptance accuracy is defined as Tie points RMS < 0.000 digital Topographical data. For the block adjustment two separate views were made as Adjustment view and reference view under the Geoview environment. The part of adjusted block and the visual accuracy check with available 1:10.25m GCP RMS < 2m Landmarks RMS < 2m This procedure is some what iteration One. The adjustment view comprises the DEM and the block of images while the reference view comprises of DEM and SPOT HRG rectified images and available 1:10.

In the process of mosaicking seam lines are automatically created through the software and the created seam lines are then edited manually to follow the feature boundaries as well as removing clouds on overlapping images of the block. .000 Topo data Then adjusted block was radiometrically corrected in order to reduce radiometric differences between images and to be visually interpretable as in fig -06 The radiometrically corrected block was then mosaicked .Fig-05 –Orthorectified image and its accuracy check with 1:10.

. .The seam lines created.0 CONCLUSION This method is applicable only when there are overlapping temporal images of the same locality having free cloud portion of the image. edited and the final seamless cloud removed images are depicted in Fig-06 Automatic Seam lines on block Edited Seam lines Clouds in automatic Seam lines Clouds removed in seam lines editing Fig-06 5. The cloud removal of this method can be applied to every multispectral optical image. The scattered small portion of clouds found in the block are to be eliminated by making small patches in both cloud and cloud free images of the same area and editing in Photoshop.The bad quality of the DTM makes the geometrical shift on the block of images. In this process the block adjustment highly depends on the DTM used . And by this we can have free cloud multi temporal data set.

F. ISPRS. Cunin. Cybernetics and informatics (WMSCI) Oriando. World Multi-Conference on Systemic.V. Proceedings of the conference of the remote sensing society of Japan .2008 Xandri.R.Pala. Gachet.R.Ryuparo Tateishi .2005 Automatic Generation of Seamless mosaics over extensive areas from high resolution imagery. L.Arbiolr.Perez.L Radiometric block adjustment of Satellite images reference 3D ® production line improvement. Beiging.0 REFERENCES Falala. Cloud removal of optical image using SAR data for ALOS application experimenting on simulated ALOS data.6. USA Nguyen Thanhon Hoan .

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