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1. What is a Data Warehouse? A Data Warehouse is a collection of data marts representing historical data from different operational data source (OLTP). The data from these OLTP are structured and optimized for querying and data analysis in a Data Warehouse. 2. What is a Data mart? A Data Mart is a subset of a data warehouse that can provide data for reporting and analysis on a section, unit or a department like Sales Dept, HR Dept, etc. The Data Mart are sometimes also called as HPQS (Higher Performance Query Structure). 3. What is OLAP? OLAP stands for Online Analytical Processing. It uses database tables (Fact and Dimension tables) to enable multidimensional viewing, analysis and querying of large amount of data. 4. What is OLTP? OLTP stands for Online Transaction Processing Except data warehouse databases the other databases are OLTPs. These OLTP uses normalized schema structure. These OLTP databases are designed for recording the daily operations and transactions of a business. 5. What are Dimensions? Dimensions are categories by which summarized data can be viewed. For example a profit Fact table can be viewed by a time dimension. 6. What are Confirmed Dimensions? The Dimensions which are reusable and fixed in nature Example customer, time, geography dimensions. 7. What are Fact Tables? A Fact Table is a table that contains summarized numerical (facts) and historical data. This Fact Table has a foreign key-primary key relation with a dimension table. The Fact Table maintains the information in 3rd normal form. A star schema is defined is defined as a logical database design in which there will be a centrally located fact table which is surrounded by at least one or more dimension tables. This design is best suited for Data Warehouse or Data Mart. 8. What are the types of Facts? The types of Facts are as follows. 1. Additive Facts: A Fact which can be summed up for any of the dimension available in the fact table. 2. Semi-Additive Facts: A Fact which can be summed up to a few dimensions and not for all dimensions available in the fact table. 3. Non-Additive Fact: A Fact which cannot be summed up for any of the dimensions available in the fact table. 9. What are the types of Fact Tables? The types of Fact Tables are: 1. Cumulative Fact Table: This type of fact tables generally describes what was happened over the period of time. They contain additive facts. 2. Snapshot Fact Table: This type of fact table deals with the particular period of time. They contain non-additive and semi-additive facts.


10. What is Grain of Fact? The Grain of Fact is defined as the level at which the fact information is stored in a fact table. This is also called as Fact Granularity or Fact Event Level. 11. What is Factless Fact table? The Fact Table which does not contains facts is called as Fact Table. Generally when we need to combine two data marts, then one data mart will have a fact less fact table and other one with common fact table. 12. What are Measures? Measures are numeric data based on columns in a fact table. 13. What are Cubes? Cubes are data processing units composed of fact tables and dimensions from the data warehouse. They provided multidimensional analysis. 14. What are Virtual Cubes? These are combination of one or more real cubes and require no disk space to store them. They store only definition and not the data. 15. What is a Star schema design? A Star schema is defined as a logical database design in which there will be a centrally located fact table which is surrounded by at least one or more dimension tables. This design is best suited for Data Warehouse or Data Mart. 16. What is Snow Flake schema Design? In a Snow Flake design the dimension table (de-normalized table) will be further divided into one or more dimensions (normalized tables) to organize the information in a better structural format. To design snow flake we should first design star schema design. 17. What is Operational Data Store [ODS] ? It is a collection of integrated databases designed to support operational monitoring. Unlike the OLTP databases, the data in the ODS are integrated, subject oriented and enterprise wide data. 18. What is Denormalization? Denormalization means a table with multi duplicate key. The dimension table follows Denormalization method with the technique of surrogate key. 19. What is Surrogate Key? A Surrogate Key is a sequence generated key which is assigned to be a primary key in the system (table). 20. What are the client components of Informatica 7.1.1? Informatica 7.1.1 Client Components: 1. Informatica Designer 2. Informatica Work Flow Manager 3. Informatica Work Flow Monitor 4. Informatica Repository Manager 5. Informatica Repository Server Administration Console. 21. What are the server components of Informatica 7.1.1? Informatica 7.1.1 Server Components: 1. Informatica Server 2. Informatica Repository Server. 22. What is Metadata?


Data about data is called as Metadata. The Metadata contains the definition of a data. 23. What is a Repository? Repository is a centrally stored container which stores the metadata, which is used by the Informatica Power center server and Power Center client tools. The Informatica stores Repository in relational database format. Informatica 7.1.1 Repository has 247 database objects Informatica 6.1.1 Repository has 172 database objects Informatica 5.1.1 Repository has 145 database objects Informatica 4.1.1 Repository has 111 database objects 24. What is Data Acquisition Process? The process of extracting the data from different source (operational databases) systems, integrating the data and transforming the data into a homogenous format and loading into the target warehouse database. Simple called as ETL (Extraction, Transformation and Loading). The Data Acquisition process designs are called in different manners by different ETL vendors. Informatica ----> Mapping Data Stage ----> Job Abinitio ----> Graph 25. What are the GUI based ETL tools? The following are the GUI based ETL tools: 1. Informatica 2. DataStage 3. Data Junction 4. Oracle Warehouse Builder 5. Abinitio 6. Business Object Data Integrator 7. Cognos Decision Stream. 26. What are programmatic based ETL tools? 1. Pl/Sql 2. SAS BASE 3. SAS ACCESS 4. Tera Data Utilities a. BTEQ b. Fast Load c. Multi Load d. Fast Export e. T (Trickle) Pump 27. What is a Transformation? A transformation is a repository object that generates, modifies, or passes data. Transformations in a mapping represent the operations the PowerCenter Server performs on the data. Data passes into and out of transformations through ports that you link in a mapping or mapplet. Transformations can be active or passive. An active transformation can change the number of rows that pass through it. A passive transformation does not change the number of rows that pass through it. 28. The following are details description of Transformations available in Informatica. Transformation Type Description


Aggregator Application Qualifier Custom Expression External Procedure Filter Input Joiner Lookup Normalizer Output Rank Router Sequence Generator Sorter Source Qualifier Source

Active / Connected Active / Connected

Performs aggregate calculations Represents the rows that the Power Center Server reads from an application, such as an ERP source, when it runs a session. Calls a procedure in a shared library or DLL. Calculates a value or Calls a procedure in a shared library or in the COM layer of windows. Filters data Defines mapplet input rows. Available in the Mapplet Designer Joins data from different databases of flat file systems. Looks up values Source qualifier for COBOL sources. Can also use in the pipeline to normalize data from relational or flat file sources. Defines mapplet output rows. Available in the Mapplet Designer. Limits records to a top or bottom range. Router data into multiple transformations based on group conditions. Generates primary keys. Sorts data base4d on a sort key. Represents the rows that the PowerCenter Server reads from a relational or flat file source when it runs a session. Calls a stored procedure. Defines commit transactions. and rollback

Active or Connected



Passive / Connected Active / Connected Unconnected Active / Connected Passive / Connected Active / Connected Passive / Connected or Unconnected Active / Connected Passive / Connected Active / Connected Active / Connected Passive / Connected Active / Connected Active / Connected

Stored Procedure Transaction Control Union Update Strategy XML Generator

Passive / Connected or Unconnected Active / Connected Active / Connected Active / Connected Active / Connected

Merges data from different databases or flat file systems. Determines whether to insert, delete, update, or reject rows. Reads data from one or more input ports and outputs XML through a single output


The Repository Server can manager multiple repository on different machines on the network. Reusable Transformations 7. 3. What are the types of locks in Repository? There are two types of Locks in Repository: 1. Database connections 2. Global Repository 3. 5. Standalone Repository 2. Informatica client application and Informatica server access the repository database tables through the Repository Server. Sources 2. Target definitions 11. 30. 2. 1. For each repository database registered with the Repository Server it configures and manages a Repository Agent process. Write Lock 3. Source Definitions 10. Transformations 6 . Targets 3. How many types of Repositories are there? There are three types of Repositories: 1. Represents the rows that the PowerCenter Server reads from an XML source when it runs a session. Multi-dimensional metadata 6. Read Lock 2. Global objects 3. 4. XML Parser XML Qualifier Source Active / Connected Active / Connected Reads XML from one input port and outputs data to one or more output ports. Informatica client connects to the repository server through the host name/ IP address and its port number. Shortcuts 9. What are features of Informatica Repository Server? Features of Informatica Repository Server. What are Repository objects which we can export? We can export the following Repository objects: 1. insert and updated metadata in the repository database tables. Mapplets 5. 29. What are the types of metadata stored in Repository? The following types of metadata are stored in Repository: 1. Execute Lock 4. Save Lock 33.port. Mappings 4. Sessions and Batches 8. Fetch Lock 5. The Repository Agent is a multi-threaded process that performs the action needed to retrieve. Local Repository 31. Transformations 32.

What is a Work Flow? A Work Flow is a set of instructions on how to execute tasks such as sessions. With a metadata reporter you can access information about your repository without having knowledge of SQL. Getting a related value form a table using a key column value 2. What is a Parameter File? The parameter File is used to define the values of the parameters and variables used in a session. The monitor window displays the status of each session when you poll the Informatica Server. 37. Stop the Informatica server. Recover sessions. 40. Start and stop sessions and batches 3. 4. Check whether the Informatica server is running 2. Update slowly changing dimension table 3.4. 43.prm extension. 41. 35. What is meant by Lookup Cache? The Informatica server builts a cache in memory when it process the first row of a data in a cached lookup transformation. 42. Mapplets 5. What is a Load Manager? The Load Manager is a primary Informatica Server process. What are actions which can be performed by pmcmd command? We can perform the following actions with pmcmd: 1. To check whether records already exists in the table. What is the uses of Lookup Transformation? The Lookup Transformation is useful for: 1. What is the use of partitioning the sessions? The partitioning of session increases the session performance by reducing the time period of reading the source data and loading the data into the target. What is Metadata Reporter? It is a web based application that enables you to run reports against the repository metadata. Mappings 6. What is commit interval? A commit interval is the interval at which the Informatica Server commits data to relational targets during a session. 38. 44. It is a file created in a notepad and saved with . 39. A WorkFlow is created from Workflow Manager. emails and shell commands. pmcmd returns zero on success and non zero on failure 36. What is Polling? It displays the update information about the session in the monitor window. It performs the following tasks: • Manages sessions and batch scheduling • Locks the session and read the session properties • Read the parameter file 7 . Sessions 34. What is the use of Stored Procedure Transformation? We use the Stored Procedure Transformation for populating and maintaining the database.

• • Expand the server and session variables and parameters. Cycle through a sequential range of numbers. Logical Modeling 8 . Replace missing values 3. 2. TC_ ROLLBACK_BEFORE 4.bad extension. TC_CONTINUE_TRANSACTION [Default] 48. Create keys 2. The Normalizer Transformation is mainly used to extract and format the Cobol files. What are types of Dimensional Modeling? 1. 53. Physical Modeling 3. 47. What is the end value of the Sequence Generator? The end value of the Sequence Generator is 2147483647. 4. 46. 3. What are the tasks performed by Sequence Generator Transformation? 1. What are constants of Update Strategy Transformation? The constants of Update Strategy Transformation are: 1. Verify permissions and privileges 45. What are Bad Rows (Rejected Rows)? The Informatica Server will dumped the bad or rejected rows which are sent out by the transformation into a text file with tablename. 55. TC_COMMIT_BEFORE 2. We can apply “Distinct” clause only in Source Qualifier and Sorter Transformations. 54. What are variables supplied by the Transaction Control Transformation? 1. 52. 49. How to implement Update Strategy? To implement Update Strategy Transformation the source and target table should have primary keys to compare the records the records and to find out the latest changes happened. Simply. TC_ROLLBACK_AFTER 5. Conceptual Modeling 2. TC_COMMIT_AFTER 3. making good data out of bad data. DD_INSERT DD_UPDATE DD_DELETE DD_REJECT 0 1 2 3 DD Stands For Data Driven 50 What are the benefits of Star Schema Design? • Fewer tables • Designed for analysis across time • Simplify joins • Less database space • Supports drilling on reports 51 What is Data Scrubbing? The Data Scrubbing is the process of cleaning up the junk in the legacy data and make it accurate and useful.

Database Location 3. Server Manager 2. What is a tracing level and types of Tracing level? 9 . Round-robin 2. RDBMS 2. Hash keys 3. Flat Files 3. By pmcmd command 64. SAP R/3 5. Pass-through 5. 62. You cannot use Incremental Aggregation when the mapping includes an aggregator transformation. Key range 4.56. There are two types of batches: 1. Database partitioning 61. Sequential 2. What is Forward Engineering? Using the Erwin tool the data modeler will convert the . What are the different sources of Source systems of Data Warehouse? 1. What is stop the Batch and types of Batches? Grouping of sessions is known as Batch. Source Name 2. You cannot use XML source qualifier in a mapplet and Joiner and Normalizer Transformations. Data Types 5. this is called as Forward Engineering. We can stop the Batch by two ways: 1. XML Files 4. SAP BW 7. Key Constraints 63. What are the Session Partitions types? 1. Cobol Files 11. Web Services 9. 57.While importing source definition the metadata that will be imported are: 1.SQL script (logical structure of tables) into a physical structure tables at the database level. 60. PeopleSoft 6. Seibel 10. 59. Legacy Systems. What is common use of creating a Factless Fact Table? The most common use of creating a Factless fact table is to capture date transaction events. Column Names 4. 58. Concurrent 65. Web Methods 8.

Update else Insert: Updates if row exists. Type – 11 (Full historical information) 3. 72. Target Definition – to where the database has to be loaded 3. 74. What does a Mapping document contains? The Mapping document contains the following information : 1. What is a Data in a database this include the source of tables. Type – 111 (Partial historical information) 68. According to his approach he says “First we need to implement the Enterprise data warehouse by extracting the data from individual departments and from the Enterprise data warehouse develop subject oriented databases called as “Data Marts”. Update as Insert: Inserts a new row for each update. 3. 2. Types of Tracing levels are: 1. What does the Top Down Approach says? The Top Down Approach is coined by Bill Immon. According to his approach he says “First we need to develop subject oriented database called as “Data Marts” then integrate all the Data Marts to develop the Enterprise data warehouse. Types of Slowly Changing Dimensions: 1. 76. Type – 1 (Recent updates) 2. 71. Micro strategy. 2. 3. Source Definition – from where the database has to be loaded 2. What is the default join that source qualifier provides? Inner Join 67. Business Logic – what logic has to be implemented in staging area. In Conceptual Modeling and Logical modeling the tables are called as entities. What are Update Strategy’s target table options? 1. 10 . DOLAP: The OLAP tool which words with desktop databases are called as DOLAP. 73. ROLAP: The OLAP which works with Relational databases are called as ROLAP. What are the types of OLAPs ? 1. What does the Bottom Up Approach or Ralph Kimball Approach says? The Bottom Down Approach is coined by Ralph Kimball. 2. 4. else inserts. 75. 70. What is a Dimension Modeling? A Dimensional Modeling is a high level methodology used to implement the start schema structure which is done by the Data Modeler. Normal Verbose Verbose lnit Verbose Data 66. 69. the meaning of the keys and the relationship between the tables. Update as Update: Updates each row flagged for update if it exists in the table. Micro strategy. Who is the first person in the organization to start the Data Warehouse project? The first person to start the Data Warehouse project in a organization is Business Analyst. Cognos ReportNet and BRIO.Tracing level represents the amount of information that Informatica server writes in a log file. Example: Business Object. Example: Cognos EP 7 Series and Business Objects.

What is Rank Index? When you create a Rank Transformation by default “Rank Index” port will be created. Persistent Lookup Cache 4. 11 . 83. to store the number of ranks specified. What is the Maplet? Mapplet is type of meta data object which contains set of reusable transformation logic which can be reused in multiple mapping. Example Cognos ReportNet. What are the Direct and Indirect methods in the Flat file extraction? In the direct method the extract the flat file by using its own meta data. What is Connected Transformation? The Transformation which involve in mapping data flow is called as connected transformation. Example: Cognos ReportNet. 81. 85. What is default group in Router Transformation? In the Router Transformation the rejected rows are captured by default group and the data will be passed to target table. 80. Data cache 5. What is unconnected Transformation? The transformation which does not involve in mapping data flow is called as Unconnected Transformation. Which Transformation is responsible to maintain updates in warehouse database? Update Strategy Transformation.3. What is Sort Key? The column on which the sorting takes place in the Sorter Transformation is called as “Sort Key” Column. In indirect method we extract all the flat files by using one flat file’s meta data. 86. By default all the transformation are connected transformation. HOLAP: The OLAP which uses the combined features of ROLAP and MOLAP are called as HOLAP. 89.rep 78. Which join is not supported by Joiner Transformation? The non-equi joins are not supported by joiner Transformation. What is the basic difference between reusable transformation and mapplet? Maplets are set of reusable transformation logic and reusable transformations are created by single transformation logic. 84. What is SQL Override? Applying the joining condition in the source qualifier is called as sql override. Static Lookup cache 2. 77. 88. Index cache 87. 79. Dynamic Lookup Cache 3. 82. What is the extension of Repository backup? The extension of the Repository backup is . 4. MOLAP: The OLAP which is responsible for creating multidimensional structures called cubes are called as MOLAP. What are the caches contained by the Look up Transformation? 1. A maplet contains one maplet input Transformation and one maplet output Transformation.

98. Input/output parameter 2. 95. creating input and output ports for every column in the source. the normalized transformation automatically appears. To execute the worklet we have to create the workflow. What is Constraint Based Load ordering? The Constraint Based Load ordering specified the loading of the dimensions tables based on the constraints designed in the dimension table. 99. Why we use partitioning the session in Informatica? Partitioning achieves the session performance by reducing the time period of reading the source and loading the data into target. With Lookup transformation. 94. What are the groups available in Router Transformation? 1. 100. Which tool you use to create and manage sessions and batches and to monitor and stop the Informatica server? Informatica server manager. Which transformation should we use to normalize the COBOL and relational sources? When you drag the COBOL source into the Designer workspace. What is File Watch Event? The Event Wait activity of a session has event called as File Watch which will watch wether the file is copied or not. Sequential 3. 97.90. What is Target Load Planer? The Target Load plan is the order in which we should load the target to implement the Data Acquisition Process. User defined group 2. Why we use stored procedure transformation? For populating and maintaining databases. 1. 92. How may Loading criteria? There are three types of Loading criteria. Control flow loading 93. Default group 102. Status code 101. What are join types in Joiner Transformation? 12 . Why we use lookup transformation? Look up Transformations can access data from relational tables that are not sources in mapping. 96. What are the types of data that passes between Informatica server and stored procedure? There are three types of data 1. 91. What is worklet? The worklet is a group of sessions. Paralle loading 2. Return Values 3. we can accomplish the following tasks. The Constraint Based Load order is used for implementing snow-flake schema data loading.

Master Outer Join 3. 110. Transformation Developer 3. What are the basic needs to join two sources in Source Qualifier? The two source tables should have a primary key – foreign key relationship and the two source tables should have matching data types.How can you improve session performance in aggregator transformation? Use sorted input. Can you start a session inside a batch individually? We can start our required session only in case of sequential batch in case of concurrent batch. 106. Drag the prot from another transformation 2. 111. Can you use the mapping parameters or variables created in one mapping into any other reusable transformation? Yes. Full Outer Join 103. 113. What are the tasks to be done to partition a session? • Configure the session to partition the source data • Install the Informatica on a machine with multiple CPU 108.The joins supplied by the Joiner Transformation are: 1. What is Data Driven? The Data Driven is the instruction which is fed to Informatica Server whether to insert/delete/update when using Update Strategy Transformation. by setting the option always runs the session. because reusable transformation is not contained with any mapplet or mapping. We can do like this. 112. How many ways your create ports? Two ways: 1.In a sequential batch can you run the session if previous session fails? Yes. Mapping Designer 2. 107. We can use mapping parameters or variables in any transformation of the same mapping or mapplet in which you have created mapping parameters or variables. Click the add button on the ports tab. 114. What are the designer tools available for creation of Transformations? 1. How can you stop the batch? By using server manager or pmcmd. Detail Outer Join 4. 13 . Mapplet Designer 104. 115. Normal Join 2. 105. Can you use the mapping parameters or variables created in one mapping into another mapping? No. What is a Status code? Status code provides error handling facility during the session execution. 109. In which circumstances the Informatica creates a reject file (bad file)? When it encounters the DD_REJECT in Update strategy Transformation Voilets database constraints file in the rows was truncated or overflowed.

Relational and ERP. What is a source qualifier? It represents all data queried from the source.What is the aggregate transformations? Aggregate transformation allows you to perform aggregate calculations. Condition of the join 128. create a new independent batch and copy the necessary sessions into the new batch. 124. Can you copy the batches? No. What are the settings that you use to configure the joiner transformation? 1. 118. What are the methods for creating reusable transformations? There are two methods: 1. oracle. What are the session parameters? Session parameters are like mapping parameters. such as averages and sums. If you wants to start batch that resides in a batch. What is Code Page used for? Code page is used to identify characters that might be I different languages. 125.116. 129. 122. 117. you can promote it to the status of reusable transformation. represent values you might want to change between Sessions such as database connections or source files. 14 . Design it in the transformation developer. 2. Master and detail source 2. What are Target Types on the Server? Target Types are File. can you map these three ports directly to target? No. Unless and until you join those three ports I source qualifier you cannot map them directly. 119. 121. Infomix) to a single source qualifier. Type of join 3. 127. What are Target Options on the Servers? Target Options for File Target type are FTP File. How do you identify existing rows of data in the target table using lookup transformation? Can identify existing rows of data using Unconnected transformation. you must select the Japanese code page of source data. Where should you place the flat file to import the flat file definition to the designer? Place it in Local folder. Loader and MQ There are no target options for ERP target type. 120. Promote a standard transformation from mapping designer. 126. Can you start batches with in a batch? You cannot. After you ass a transformation to the mapping. Can you generate reports in Informatica? Yes. After dragging the ports of there sources(sql server. By using Metadata reporter we can generate reports in Informatica. If your are importing Japanese data into mapping. 123.

You needs data base connection to import the stored procedure in to yours mapping. What are the joiner caches? When a Joiner transformation occurs in a session. the Informatica Server reads all the records from the master source and builds index and data caches bases on the master rows. Uni code mode 133. What are the data movement modes in Informatica? Data movement modes determine how Informatica server handles the character data. Run the session only if previous session completes successfully. Performance tuning in Informatica? The goal of performance tuning is optimize session performance so sessions run during the available load window for the Informatica server. How many ways you can update a relational source definition? There are ways you can update a relational source definition: 1. To achieve the session partition what are the necessary tasks you have to do? 1. What is difference between stored procedure transformation and external procedure transformation? Inner equi join. Edit the definition 2. • Server cannot allocate enough system resources • Session exceeds the maximum no. 132. You chooses the data movement in the Informatica server configuration settings Two types of data movement modes available in Informatica. By designing it in the transformation developer 15 . 135.130. That is you need to make it as a DLL to access in your mapping. the Joiner transformation reads records from the detail source and performs joins. reimport the definition 139. Where as in external procedure transformation procedure or function will be executed out side of data source. How many ways you can create a Reusable Transformation? There are two ways to create a Reusable Transformation 1. Configure the session to partition source data. ASCII mode 2. 2. 131. 137. Install the Informatica server on a machine with multiple CPU’S 136.When can session fail? The session fails when. What are different options uses to configure the sequential batches? There are two options: 1. 134. of sessions • Server cannot obtain an execute lock for the session • Server encounters database errors • Network related errors 138. What is difference between stored procedure will be compiled and external procedure transformation? In case of stored procedure transformation procedure will be compiled and executed in a relational data source. 2. No need to have data base connection in case of external procedure transformation. After building the caches. Always runs the session. 1.

What are the data movement modes in Informatica? The data movement modes determines how Informatica server handles the character data. 143. 2. Why you use Repository connectivity? When you edit or schedule the session each time. There are two types of data movement modes: 1. But first you should copy the mapping of that session before you copy session. Informatica server directly communicates the repository to check whether or not the session and users are valid. you use the update strategy transformation to flag records for insert. ASCII mode 2. 149.2. What is a aggregator cache in aggregate transformation? The aggregator transformation stores the data in the aggregator cache until it completes aggregate calculations. What is the difference between partitioning of relational target and partitioning of file target? If you partition a session with a relational target Informatica server creates multiple connections to the target database to write target data concurrently. 147. 141. Simple pass through mapping: loads a slowly growing fact or dimension table be inserting new rows. If you partition a session with file target the Informatica server create one target file for each partition. In which scenario does the Update Strategy Transformation is best suited? Within a session: When you configure a session. Can you copy the session to a different folder or Repository? Yes. 142. Use this map to load new data without disturbing the existing data. By version number 2. The Informatica server saves the value of mapping variable in repository in the send of the session and uses it for the next session run. What is data cache and Index cache? When you use aggregator transformation in your mapping then Informatica server creates Data and Index cache in memory to process the transformation. Within a Mapping: Within a mapping. Uni code mode 148. update or reject. By effective date range 146. How can you recognize whether or not the data is added in the table in Type – II dimension? 1. What are the types of mappings in Getting Started Wizard? 1. Use this map to loading new data into it. What is a Mapping Variable? A Mapping Variable represents a value that can change throughout the session. 140. 145. By flag value 3. By using the copy session wizard you can copy a session in a different folder or Repository. By promoting the already existing Transformation to reusable from its properties. Slowly growing target: Loads a slowly growing fact or dimension table be inserting new rows. you can instruct the Informatica server to either treat all records in same way (treat all as insert/treat all as update/treat all as update) or use instructions coded into the session to flag records for different database operations. 150. What are the Transformations that restrict the partition of sessions? 16 . 144.

In a data mart domain. 6. 2.1. What is a Power Center Repository? The Power Center Repository allows you to share metadata across repositories to create a data mart domain. 3. 4. Advanced External Transformation External Procedure Transformation Aggregator Transformation Joiner Transformation Normalizer Transformation XML Targets 151. you can create a single global repository to store metadata used across an enterprise and a number of local repositories to share the global metadata as needed. 5. 17 .

10. What is a Catalog and what are the types of Catalogs? Catalog is a file with . The Report pick list prompt picks the values from the report. 8. The data for the catalog pick list comes from the warehouse database. What is Associated Data Item? A data item linked to the group data item. The location of the group where you create the summary determines its automatic extension that contains all the information necessary for impromptu to access and retrieve information from a relational database. What is Cache Query? A temporary cache on your personal computer that Impromptu uses to store report results. What is a Prompt and types of Prompts? It is a dialog box that asks the user to enter/select information when report is opened and which it uses to filter so as to get the information that user wants. This Bulk fetch can improve the processing time for large queries. What is a File Pick List Prompt? A pick list which is created from ASCII / text files is called as File Pick List prompt. where the database is stored. What is Cascading Prompt? A prompt which takes the values from another prompt is called as Cascading prompt. What is Report Pick List Prompt? A pick list which is created from the report is called as Report Pick List Prompt. and how the tables in the catalog are joined. What is a Catalog Pick List Prompt? A pick list prompt which is create from the columns of the tables which are existed in the catalog. 6. This prompt gets the values from a text file which is already being created. What is a Bulk fetch? Retrieval of more than one row of data from your database in a single fetch call is called as Bulk fetch. 4. 3. Secured Catalog 3. Associated data item suppress duplicate data values but do not generate a control break. What is Automatic Association? The group association of a newly created summary. They are: Type – In Prompt Catalog Pick List Prompt File Pick List Prompt Report Pick List Prompt 7. A Catalog does not store data but contains metadata information like what database to access. The Associated column displays only one data value for the group with which it is associated. Personal Catalog 2. Shared Catalog 18 . There are four types of Prompts available in impromptu. 2. What is Alias Table? An alternative name for a table generally used in self joins. There are four types of Catalogs: 1. 9.Cognos EP7 Series 1. 11. The Cascading prompt can be implemented with the concept of Report Pick List Prompt. 5.

What is a Hot File? A separate local data table that can be added to your catalog or used in the report as a data source and as if it is a regular database table. the Fixed Association remains the same when you move it to a new location. What is Shared Catalog? A Shared Catalog is intended for a workgroup or company were several users need to create and edit their own reports. A Hot File can be joined either with a database table or with another Hot File itself. 13. You can use Dynamo to generate HTML controls that are placed on a page of a power prompt application. What is a Measure Object? In PowerPlay the number by which you guage the performance. 22.4. What is a Power Cube? A file that contains data that is structured to provide for fast retrieval and exploration of data in PowerPlay. 18. The users cannot change this catalog in any way. The Secured catalog is useful for users who are not familiar with Impromptu and just want to analyze the data in the pre defined reports. What is a Fixed Association? A group association entered into the definition of a summary data item. any value in PowerPlay or any node in the Scenario’s tree view. 16. What is Drill Through? Drill through is an action that enables Impromptu PowerPlay and Scenario users to view transactions level details in an Impromptu report. Distributed Catalog 12. You can navigate through a set of associated reports. What is a Reusable prompt and Non reusable Prompt? 19 . 14. You can setup a Drill Through for any cell in Impromptu. 23. What is a Dynamo? The Dynamo formats the result of an SQL query against an ODBC data source. 15. The Shared Catalog is ideal in a LAN environment where the catalog can be stored in a central and shared drive and accessed by all the users. 17. The Distributed Catalog is ideal is the users wants to work with the Impromptu offline. 21. Unlike an automatic association. use Personal Catalog if you are the only person using the catalog and you are using the Administrator version of Impromptu. customer list etc. What is Distributed Catalog? The Distributed Catalog is intended for a workgroup or company where several users need to create and edit their own reports and change the catalog content and work offline with Impromptu. 19. What is a Personal Catalog? A Personal Catalog is intended for the small business owner who wants to maintain a data such as personal information. What is Secured Catalog? A Secured Catalog is intended for users who do not need or want to create or edit their own reports. What is a Macro? A customized sequence of instructions (“macro commands”) that Cognos application can carry out. 20.

29. Filters 2. To resolve the Loop exception do one of the following actions: 1. 32. Set Governor values 20 . Best suitable when you are working in a disconnected network. 2. 28. Remove that table form the catalog 4. To resolve this do one of the following: 1. Snapshot 3. Limit table access 2. What is a Sub Report? A sub query that is associate with a main query. 27. Expressions 3. Thumbnail 25. Catalog 2. Leave the join structure as it is. Attributes / Columns 30. Filter values 4. Add a join between two table groups to create a Spanning tree. Prompts 4. 31. Hot File 4. What is a Snapshot? A permanent local copy of the report data which can be even manipulated later without connecting to the original database. Create an Alias Table. You cannot add a data item into the snapshot. The result is displayed either in a diagram format or as an expression. In what ways User Classes can help you control access to data in the database? 1. 2. The Thumbnail will be deleted when you close the entire application. 3. What is a Thumbnail? A temporary data file with a restricted number of rows best suited for testing the report. You can add a data item into the thumbnail.The prompt that are create in the catalog are called as reusable Prompts and the prompts that are created in the report environment are called as Non reusable prompts. You can have more than one query on a page. What are different data sources to generate the reports? The different data source to generate the reports are: 1. When “Loop – Exception” is occurred and how it is resolved? Is two tables share a single lookup table then the “Loop – Exception” is occurred. When “Isolated Table – Exception” is occurred and how it is resolved? If a table is not joined to other table then the “Isolated Table” exception occurs. Leave the join structure as it is. 26. 24. You can include several sub reports in one main query. What are objects that exists in the catalog? A catalog contains the following types of objects: 1. Remove one or more join. How can you test your Joins? We can test the joins from the Test option in the Catalog’s Join dialog box. Limit folder access and restrict select values 3.

What are the uses of Alias Table? The uses of Alias Table are: 1. Hot Files.DAT Compiled Macros . To create self joins with in a table. Governors 6. 38. How can you optimize the Catalog? The catalog can be optimized by using the following options: 1. Database functions 4. formatting and filtering. To resolve the Loops.IMS Catalogs . grouping. What are the extensions of files in Impromptu File Type Extension Reports . Database interaction 2. 2. 36. What is Impromptu? 21 . 3. 3. 35.CQ Impromptu Query Definition . are the privileges and restrictions you can apply in Governor tab page of Set restrictions on queries for a user class Grant or deny user privileges Set limits for table retrieval or data retrieval. 41. What catalog? 1.IMR Templates .CAT Macros . To Provide alternate join structure. 34.IQD Cognos Content Report .HH:SS.MCX 40. Client / Server balancing 3. 37. What are the general formats of the data in Impromptu? Data Format Numbers With no symbols Alphabets / Alphanumericals With an initial capital letter Dates In MM/DD/YY format Date – time In MM/DD/YY HH:MM:SS am/pm format Intervals In D. What is a Cognos Script? A script like visual basic used to write macros.SSS format 39. Table weighting and qualification 5.33. Who is a Report Author? An Impromptu user who creates complex reports and has in-depth knowledge of the powerful features in Impromptu.ICR PowerPlay Files . Who is a Report Creator? An Impromptu user who creates basic reports using the report wizard or a template and applies skills such as sorting.IMT Hotfiles .MAC Cognos Query File . 2.

Create and distribute sophisticated. 42. What is a ad hoc report? An ad hoc report is a simple report or one-time report that is outside the set of standard reports you may have available to you. What is a Expression Editor? The Expression Editor is used to define or build a common filter expressions to a complex filter expressions. To create a more complex filter expression by combining the predefined condition with other conditions. 44. To create filter containing only the predefined conditions 2. 46. finally a control break will be occurred with every change in the data item of the grouped column. What is a Filter? A Filter is a set of criteria which you apply to a report to change its focus. tailored reports. Identify and highlight exceptional data. Catalog Columns 3. They are based on expressions that result in a true-false value. 45. Calculations can contain 1. 48. second. Access up-to-the-minute corporate information. 49. 47. 51. Provides clear answers to real business questions. What are the uses of Impromptu? The following are some of the uses of Impromptu: 1. IF…THEN…ELSE Statements 7. You can use the Predefined conditions for: 1. conditions and prompts. What is a Calculation? A Calculation computes a new data based on existing data items. When you group your data then first the data within a group is sorted in ascending order. Functions 5. A Folder contains columns from one or more tables and also contains calculations. Most of the conditional statements will be processed locally. 3.Impromptu is a windows based powerful interactive query and reporting tool that lets you query data and create sophisticated reports in a easy-to-use and sophisticated desktop interface. What is a Summarized Data? 22 . Summaries 4. What are Folders? Folders are meaningful group of information. You use IF…THEN …ELSE constructs to create the Conditional Statements. 4. 43. What is a Conditional Statements? The Conditional statements are often used in calculated columns to highlight general categories of data. 2. Operators 50. What is Grouping? Grouping allows you to display hierarchical relationships within the data in the report. What are Predefined Conditions? The Predefined conditions are those that are created by impromptu Administrator and stored in the catalog. the duplicate values will be removed. Report Columns 2. Values 6.

1. 54. What is a Crosstab Dimension? The Crosstab Dimensions are the qualitative values of a data item along the top of the Crosstab report. The functions can use any of the following Impromptu’s only supported data types: 1. In a Crosstab report we have Rows. Data in the group 3. Chart Frame 3. character 3. Position Dependent: A summary with an automatic association changes value depending on its position in the report. the Impromptu will have an automatic association to that summary by default that is the summary which we have done will be associated with an data item. perform an operation and return a result. Position Independent: A summary with a fixed association has a value that does not change when you move it form one place to another. What are Functions? Functions are commands that take one or more values. Text Frame 4. All Data 58. Form Frame 6. There are six Frame types that you can insert into a report. 53. What is Scope of Data? The Scope of data will determine what data is displayed in a form frame. There are two types of Summary Associations: 1. We use Summarized data to see a roll-up view of the data and to perform exploratory analysis of the data. Columns and Cells. numeric 2. 55. 2. By Staging Database 23 . Can you use multiple database to create catalog? Yes. Picture Frame 5. interval 56. text. Functions can be included in calculations to perform data manipulations that would otherwise be impossible to do. What are Frames? Frames are the building blocks or containers used to design and create the report objects like data. There are three options available to set the scope of data. time 6. data – time 5. What is Summary Association? When you add a summary to a query. For example if the “Country” data item is show in crosstab report then the country names are the crosstab dimensions. What is a Crosstab Report? A Crosstab report summarize information in tabular format showing a value at the intersection point of each row and column. OLE Object 57. data 4. in Cognos EP 7 there are two ways to access data from multiple database to create a catalog 1. They are : 1. pictures and charts. List Frame 2. 52. Single row of data 2.The Summarized Data includes the type of summary to perform on any data item.

When you a beginner or intermediate user. 64. When to use Limited Local Processing? Use Limited Local Processing settings when:  Most processing is done on the database server by creating multiple queries  Local sorting is not allowed  You cannot use summaries in headings  Both database and local functions are available 63. What are ideal circumstances to use Sub Reports and Drill Reports? Report Type Sub Report Best Used When When you want single or multiple queries in a single report. 60. Drill-Through Report 62. or a series of reports When you want detail and summary information in different reports. By Hotfiles 59. When you want detail and summary information in the same report.2. What is Staging Database? Combining two different database (say data marts) and integrating into a single database to create a catalog. What are the Query options for performance? The following are the options which you can set for a query for better performance: → Override all catalog governor settings → Automatically retrieve data → Include the missing table join values (outer joins) → Maximum number of characters to be retrieved for large text items commonly for BLOB data type columns. When you want multiple queries in a report. What is System of Report? The System of Report contains multiple queries and multiple report layouts. 24 . When you are advanced user. 61. How can you improve Data Access Time? The Data Access time can be improved by accessing: ⇒ Local snapshot ⇒ Thumbnail ⇒ Cache 65. When to use Flexible Processing? Use Flexible Processing settings when:  Impromptu determines where processing takes place  Both built – in and database functions are available  Full querying capability is available  The entire result set can be sent to your computer. We use the system of report to provide:  To navigate from summary level information – details through Sub reports  Report-to-Report drill through feature.

Creates simple to complex cross tabs for the sophisticated for the sophisticated user.66. 67. The Hotfile is saved with . Summary of Impromptu Objects The following are some of the benefits for the Impromptu’s features (objects) Feature Benefit Sub-reports Unlinked Sub-reports Linked Sub-reports Mark for Insertion Drill through report Crosstab Report Pivot Build Crosstab Nested crosstab Filters Advanced Calculations A report containing multiple queries. 25 . What is a Hotfile and what are the uses? A Hotfile is a file sequential file (not indexed) that holds from a report and acts like a separate local database table. What are the external influences of reducing performances? The following are the external influences on reducing the performances: • Network issues • Non-indexed tables • Slow on another query tool • Hardware / software limits. rather than the current grouping Use data from one query to filter on another Allows you to include the necessary columns in the query data list and also prevent it form being visible in report Enable users to navigate through a set of associated reports. Drag-and-drop technique for quickly creating a crosstab report. Used to show summary information for the entire database. The following are the uses of Hotfile:  To compare historical values  To access subsets of large tables  To speed up processing  To access data from more than one database to create a catalog. Creates simple to complex crosstab for the sophisticated user. 68. Use a combination of report columns and other components to create calculations. displaying information more effectively and showing more information than a single report can.IMS extension. A compact report format for displaying summary information. The Hotfile must be accessed from a catalog. Summary information in tabular format where more than one data item in the rows or columns is present.

A database vendor’s gateway 3. Database definition (driver) 5. A description (optional) 3. A Join is commonly formed by a foreign key definition within the database. Cognos Web Reports 7. A catalog type 4. As a hard copy backup 2. What are the uses of Content Overview report? 1. called the Information Catalog. that shields end users from the complexity of the database. Self joins 5. ODBC 73. As an analytical tool 75.Stored Procedures Uses code routines from the database to return a result set to the list report. Cognos PowerPlay Transformer 5. Outer joins 4. What is Impromptu? Impromptu is a business query and reporting tool that access data in the database through the Impromptu user interface. Cognos Macros 11. Cognos Impromptu User 3. Non equi-joins 3. What you require to create a catalog? To create a catalog we require: 1. Cognos Configuration Manager 71 What is a Join? A Join identifies the columns from one table that are used to link to another table. Cognos Query 8. 69. A native driver (built within Impromptu) 2. Cognos Architect 9. Scheduler 4. Impromptu builds a view of the data in the business terms. To verify contents of catalog 3. What are the Cognos EP7 Series Products? The products of the Cognos EP7 series are: 1. A catalog name 2. Complex joins 26 . Required tables. 74. To log changes 4. 72. What are Joins available in Impromptu? The different types of joins available in Impromptu are: 1. Cognos PowerPlay Reports 6. 70. Cognos Impromptu Administrator 2. What are the ways to connect to a database from Impromptu? With Impromptu you can connect to the Database through: 1. Cognos Access Manager 10. Equi-joins 2. Compound joins 6.

What is meant by Governors? To apply privileges and restrictions for a user class.INI (where XX is OR for Oracle. Sorting on non-indexed columns 2.INI 77.INI files that are created by Impromptu: 1. What is a User Class? A defined group of users with the same data access needs. What is use of defining User Class? • Easy access to data • Control of access to data • Performance • Streamlined administration 83. Running macros in CognosScript 4. Summary of Catalog Types Catalog Run Reports Create/Edit Types Reports Personal Yes Yes Secured Yes No Edit Folders Yes No User has own copy Yes No Meant for multiple users No Yes 27 . IMPROMPTU. D2 fro DB2 and so on) • Add the function name and a list of parameters of XXFUNCT. Running reports in Impromptu 2.SQL  Add the function name and a list of properties to IMPFUNCT. Number of tables 8.INI 4. Query execution time 81. Outer joins 3.INI 3.76. Executing DOS executable and batch files. What is a User-Defined Function (UDF)? A User – Define Function is a custom function created outside of Impromptu. COGNOS. Number of records 7. CER2.INI files created by Impromptu? The following are the . 82. What are the . Governor settings are used to set restrictions on queries by user class. 80.SQL (where XX is OR for Oracle. Suppress duplicates 4. What is the job of Scheduler in Impromptu? Scheduler works as part of the Cognos BI suite and coordinates the following takes: 1. such as: 1. privileges and restrictions.INI 79. Retrieval of large text items 6. • Add the function declaration to COGUDFXX.INI 2. Creating PowerCubes in PowerPlay Transformer 3. D2 for DB2 and so on) 78. Cross-product queries 5. UDF and database specific . To provide access to the UDFs  Create the UDF and place it in the a library  Tell Impromptu where to fine where to fine the library  Add the function declaration to COGUDF. How to access the database UDFs? • Create a UDF in database.

Shared Distributed Yes Yes Yes Yes No Yes No Yes Yes Yes 28 .

With that we can use in our ad hoc reports. 6) What are the uses of Query Studio? 1. Customize ad hoc reports that have been saved. Report Studio 3) Cognos connection: Use to access all corporate data available in ReportNet. dynamic. 2. PDF. The corporate data available to you is stored in a package that has been created by the Report Net administrator and published to Cognos Connection. 7) What is a Package? Package is interfacing between the data base and End user nothing but Business user. Use model calculations provided in the package. 3.1 1) What is Report Net? Report Net is the web-based. 9) How can you view the data from existing report? 1. 2. 4) What is the default formats of reports? HTML. ii. Compare and analyze data. Public Folders: Public Folders can be viewed by many users. which can extract the data from existing report. My Folders: Personal Folders that you can organize according to your preferences. Create new report items using data from existing report items. 11) How can you add the calculated data to a report? 1. Framework manager. 12) What is Frame Work Manager? 29 . 5) What are the types of folders in Cognos connection? Report can be organized by creating the folders. Packages use corporate business rules to define and group the data to be used for business reporting. Create ad hoc reports that can be viewed by others. Cognos connection iii. 8) How can you create Ad hoc reports? The administrator previously creates a package in Framework Manager and publish to a location in the Cognos Connection portal to which you have access. 10) What is prompt? The prompt is dynamic filter. 2) Components of Report Net: i. Summarize existing detail values predefined summary functions (such as sum. avg) 2. The prompts are very faster and easier than repeatedly changing the filter. CSV and XML. business intelligence reporting solution from Cognos. While editing of the report in Query Studio.Cognos Report Net 1. From the report viewer. 3. Query Studio iv.

16) What is Presentation layer? The Presentation layer makes it easier for report authors to find and understand their data. H. Frame work manager automatically creates a data source query subject for each table and view that you import into model. Default data source query subjects 2. C. Frame work manager provides Meta data model development environment to develop the business packages as per the business requirements. However. 18) What is a Model? A model in Frame work manager is a business presentation of the structure of the data from one or more databases. 14) What are the advanced features of Report Net? The Cognos Report Net has multilingual database accessibility. Frame work manager allows you to develop the Meta data models called projects. Model Query Subjects 3. Model. In frame work Manager. Frame work manager creates a query subject using the following statements. The Expression editor lists the function sets for all available vendors. Example When we import the product the table from Go sales sample database. The Presentation layer is made up primarily of model query subjects that you create. B. you have to interact with a project. Or A model is a set of related query subjects and other objects. 30 . 19) Explain about Data Source Query Subject? Data Source query subjects contain SQL statements the directly reference data in a single data source. D. so that it lists only the vendors that you want to use in your project. with contains: A. which are used for working with local Languages that the default value is ‘EN’ 15) What is physical layer? The Physical layer provides the physical query layer and is made up primarily of data source and stored procedure query subjects. Stored Query subjects. Manage. A model Name spaces Data sources Parameter maps Packages Folder Query subject Query item Relation ship 12) What are the types of Query Subjects? 1.Frame work manager is an application that runs in Microsoft windows and provides a model development environment. It acts as the foundation for the presentation layer. The parameter maps are key value phase. Consume. G. E. 13) What are the phases of the Cognos Report Net workflow? Plan. Author. F. I. 17) Define function set: A function set is a collection of vendor specific database. you can restrict the function sets.

1. 2. the data source uses. Types of SQL. Change the SQL type. but you cannot uses Native SQL in a query subject that references more than one data source in the project. Can contain metadata from multiple data sources. Performance is optimized across all related query subjects. such as Oracle SQL. ii. Disadvantages: You can not enter nonstandard SQL. The query subject may not work on different database type. Interact more effectively with Cognos applications. You cannot use SQL that the data source does not support for sub queries. You can use SQL that is specific to your database. The SQL may not work on a different data source.“select * from [go sales]. These all are we can find it in “Edit definition window”. iii. There is no opportunity for Frame work manager to automatically optimize performance. Advantages: 1. 2. Disadvantages: 1. 23) What is the security filter? 31 . Change how SQL is generated. You can enter any SQL supported by the database. iv.product” 20) How can you edit the data source query subject? i. Native SQL 3. Have fewer database restrictions 3. updating and querying relational data base management system. 21) What are the types of SQL? SQL is the industry language for creating. Advantages: 1. v. 3 Pass-Through SQL: Pass-Through SQL lets you use native SQL without any of the restrictions the data source imposes on sub queries. tables. 1 Cognos SQL: By default Cognos Frame work manager uses Cognos SQL to create and edit Query subjects. Advantages: 1. 2. vi. Disadvantages: 1. Pass-through SQL. 2 Native SQL: Native SQL is the SQL. Apply or embed a filter Apply or embed a calculation Insert a Macro Insert a data source reference. Cognos SQL 2. 22) How can you restrict the tables retrieved by a query? By setting governors we can restrict the tables.

26) What are Query Processing Types? There are two types of query processing. 25) Explain Stitch Queries? In the event of cross fact table queries. Tabular filters: Tabular filters are two types A. 2. Disabling it. 32 . if republish the package. some reports or report sections use local SQL processing. which are used for working with local Language that The default value is ‘EN’. It will retrieve two record sets. Summary filters 1. and stored procedures. to prevent other users from accessing it. Model filters. 29) What is a Macro? To change the SQL syntax conditionally is called macro.A security filter controls the data that is shown to report authors when they set up Their reports. Detailed filters 2. 28) What is parameter map? The parameter maps are key value phase. which will be merged locally by stitching together the common dimensional records in each record set. which was created by you. no reports are impacted. Query filters. 1. 33) What is Query Studio? Query Studio is the adhoc querying tool for ReportNet. 30) What are the types of filters? In framework manager we can create two types of filters. However. An error appears if any reports of report sections require local SQL processing. 1. ReportNet will send two separate Queries to the data source. 32) What is the use to disable entries in Cognos connection? We can disable the entries. Summary filters B. Disabling is useful when you want to perform maintance operations. 1. Database only: The database server does all the SQL processing and execution with the exception of tasks not supported by the database. 27) How can you create the query subject? We can create the query subjects through models. Limited Local: The database server does as much of the SQL processing and Execution as possible. one for each fact table. 2. 31) What is the use of Short cuts? To organize the information that you use regularly is called short cuts. 24) Is there any impact if the package republish with frame work manager to Report Net server? No. everything in the folders is disabled as well. data sources. Tabular filter 2. Grouped filters. When you disable a folder. Filters: In the report studio we can find two types if filters.

33 . • Create Security filters • Define access to objects • Define package administration access. 38) When the default data source query subject is created? During the initial metadata import operation. modelers A report or adhoc query author interacts with a interact with a development model. 39) What are phases the work flow process consists in Frame Work Manager? The work flow process consists of the following phases: • Design and create project • Prepare Metadata • Prepare the Business View • Create and Manager Packages • Set Security • Publish • Manage the Project 40) How you set the security Frame work manager? To set the security you have to set as: • Define access to packages. Provides a foundation for the presentation layer. which run-time version of the Framework Manager exists within the XML based project located on model. facilitates report authoring and it is made up primarily of model query subjects and shortcuts. This model appears as the set of the file system.cpf) and the specific XML files that define the project. 35) What are the report items? The items. published metadata on which reports and queries are based. It is created import only the smallest number of objects required and to create calculations and filters that meet a wide range of business requirements. 41) What is a Physical Layer? The physical layer is a representation of the metadata as it appears in the data source.34) Which component will create a package? The package will be created by the Report Net administrator and will publish to Cognos connections. 36) How it appears a project in Frame work manager? A frame work manager project appears as a folder that contains a project file (. 37) What is the difference between the Frame work manager model and the adhoc query authors? Frame Work Manager model Adhoc query authors With in Frame Work Manager. which are added from the package to your report are called report items. It is made up primarily of data source and stored procedure query subjects. 42) What is Presentation Layer? The Presentation Layer is a modeled business view of the metadata from the data source. a default data source query subject is created for each object you select (for example table) and creates the default relationships between query subjects for you automatically.

47) What is parameter map and what it consists of? Parameter maps are similar to data source look-up tables. And also we can translate the metadata to a more convenient format. We can edit the meta data in Frame work manager. such as CSV or Unicode text. calculations and relationships. The override value is valid only while you have the model open. If no override value exists. 51) What is the use of prompt value? A prompt value can be used when user input is required for variables beyond the report author’s control. 44) What are the Building Blocks in Frame work manager? The Query subjects are called Building Blocks in Frame work Manager. including filters. such as username. Each parameter map consists of two columns: • Key (must be unique) • Value (Used for substitution) 48) What is session parameter? Session parameter is a variable.  It determines the aggregation rules of query items and calculations. Frame work manager uses the default value when it executes a query that contains a session parameter. 49) What is override value? The override value is to test the results that value returns. • Database Only : The database server does all the SQL processing and execution with the exception of tasks not supported by the database. The different Usage property settings are:  Identifies  Fact  Attribute  Unknown 46) Can you edit the metadata in Frame Work Manager? Yes. that Frame work manager associates with a session.43) The types of query processing? There are two types of query processing to choose from: • Limited Local : The database server does as much of the SQL processing and execution as possible. 50) Where you can use the prompts? • The prompts where we can use: • Parameter maps • Session parameter • Stored procedure arguments • Expression. or a run Locale. 45) What is usage property? And what are different setting to set usage property?  It identifies the intended use for the data represented by each query item. and is not saved when you save the model. The syntax is : ?<prompt name>? 52) How can restrict the number of rows? 34 .

has a delivery method of save. 55) What tasks will be done after creating of segment? You can create a segment so that you can: • Organize a project according to organizational requirements. 56) What is a link? What are the uses from links? A link is a shortcut to an existing project. 4. Cognos namespace contains? The Cognos namespace contains security objects. 2. • Distribute responsibility for the modeling process amongst multiple groups according to areas of expertise. 53) What are security objects. perform the following tasks: • Create the repository • Set up the path to the repository • Configure a connection to the repository • Add the project to the repository Once the repository connection has been established. You can also set time limits for query execution. and finance. you can modify or delete it through the connection manager. you can restrict the number of tables retrieved by a query as well as restrict the number of rows returned. Report Administrator: This can administer the public content. folder. • Share and reuse project information to avoid duplication in a new folder.By setting the Governors. human resources. “A confirmed dimension has relationships to more than one fact table” 58) What are the ReportNet Administration Roles? 1. The uses from links are: • Organize work across large projects. 35 . It runs later 2. 3. or namespace. has multiple formats or languages 3. fro example. Directory Administrator: This can administer the contents of namespaces. • Maintain consistency • Reuse information 57) What is use from the Dimensional Information? Dimensional information is used to associate attribute with levels to ensure proper aggregation and avoid double counting or repeating values. which are • Per-defined group or roles • User-defined groups or roles 54) What tasks do you perform to set the repository control? To set up repository. can access and modify any object in the content store. is a burst report 60) How can you distribute the reports? You can distribute reports to other users to share information with the. System Administrator: This is like super key. as well as restrict character length on binary large objects (BLOBs). 59) When a report cannot be viewed? A report cannot be viewed at the time it is run when it: 1. or according to business rules. sales. print or email 4. Server Administrator: Can administer services and dispatchers.

you can create contact information for this person. Each recipient will only view a subset of the data 3. Format Report 68) What are the types of Reports? Report Studio uses three main report types: 1. Chart reports Note: • You can combine different report types on the same page • You can use pre-define templates. Note that the search functionality is not case – sensitive. such as a package or a report. Cross tab reports 3. presenting. and distributing your findings. the entries that refer to this original entry may no longer run properly. or start with a blank report. 66) What is Report Studio? The Report Studio is : 1. 62) What are the distribution lists contain? The Distribution lists contain a collection of users. 67) What are the logical steps to build a report? 1. An entry refers to another entry. printing them 61) What is the use from a Burst Report? 1. As a result. such as name and email address. Build report 4. it you rename. Apply Filters or Create Prompts 5. 2. Use bursting to run a report once and divide the results for distribution to multiple recipients. sending them to other users by email 3. groups. If a recipient is not part of the Cognos security system. • Use Repeater to display objects multiple times on the same page. Burst reports can be distributed by email. 64) How you remove an entry permanently? Delete an entry if you want to permanently remove it from the portal. or both. 65) How can search for entries in Cognos connection? Can fine types of entries by leaving the search string box empty and selecting a specific entry type in the Advanced Search Criteria. or other distribution lists.You can distribute reports by: 1. 2. 69) What is a Repeater? 36 . Saving them where other users can access them 2. delete. 63) We can user cut and paste functionality to move a report or other entry to another location in the portal. roles. or move a referenced entry. Choose Appropriate Report Type 3. A web-based report authoring tool. contacts. List reports 2. Determine Data to be Displayed 2. saved to a directory. Provides many methods of formatting.

Total is chosen unless it is changed in the model. Summarized aggregated data 2. 76) Can you list headers and footers in list report? Yes. that will be repeated.A Repeater is a table in which you can insert items. There are various chart types available including. 70) What are the uses from list reports? The List Reports uses are: • Display data as a series of columns • Are useful for presenting tabular list information. relationships and trends. or profit margin. relationship. 37 . quantity. Summarize data and display results in a two-dimensional grid 2. double-click 2. 75) What is aggregated data and types of aggregated data? Aggregated data is grouped or summarized data. such as a table. You can set the aggregation in the Properties pane to: • Total • Maximum • Aggregated • Count • Minimum • Automatic • Average • Calculated • None Note: By default. Present data graphically 2. 78) What is a chart and types of chart? Display data graphically using one or more of the available chart types. 71) What are the uses from Cross tab reports? The Cross tab reports uses are: 1. and trends 73) How many ways to add an object or item? Three methods to add an object or item to your report are: 1. 77) What is a measure? A measure what data is being reported on. are useful for showing comparisons. can add headers and footers in list report. 72) What are the uses from Chart Reports? The chart reports uses are: 1. right-click and inset 3. Detailed non-aggregated data. are useful for comparative analysis Note: Cross tabs must include at least three query items. such as revenue. drag and drop 74) What are the types of data? There are two types of data: 1. But not to a cross tab report or chart report. Charts are an effective way of showing comparisons. This is useful for creating mailing labels.

and then populate the object with query items. and lets you view data for one group of items at a time.The list of charts: • • • • • • • • • Column Line Point Bar Pie Radar Pareto Area Combination 79) How to create a repeater report? 1. You can create a list to repeater. 82) Can convert a list to a repeater? Yes. parameters. 83) How can you create Reuse objects? 84) What is the reuse object? How can you create reuse object? The object which is reusable in the same report or another report is called as reuse object. 86) How may ways are there to create prompt? To create a prompt you can: • Use the Build prompt page tool • Build your own prompt and prompt page 38 . and an object such as a table. Creation of reuse object: 1. This makes information easier to locate. Prompts : Prompt controls provide the user interface in which the questions are asked. You cannot convert a cross tab or chart into a repeater. you must set ID. or by converting a list into a repeater. You can create a repeater using the Repeater temple. you can convert a list report into a cross tab report. In the properties pane set ID. Add a Layout component Reference object to any page of your report that references the original object. 81) Can you convert list to Cross tab report? Yes. Note: * If you want to change list tab to cross tab report you must have three or more than three columns. To gain a different perspective on your data. parameter values? Parameters : Parameters from the question you want to ask users. Create a list report and then from the Structure menu. 2. 85) What are the roles and responsibilities of prompts. Parameter values: Parameters values provide the answers to the questions. 80) What is the use to break a report into sections? The use of create section is to show grouped information in separate report objects. we can convert a list to repeater. Note: * Only a list report can be converted into a repeater. Create a new report using Repeater template. 2. click Convert List to Repeater.

copy. Manage : Install the product. Author : Use Report Studio and Query Studio to create and save reports for business community 5. 89) To get the possible outcomes what types of variables you use? The types of variables are: • Boolean variable : If there are only two possible outcomes. 95) Identify the phases of the Cognos ReportNet workflow process? 1. • String variable : If there is more than one outcome. • Use padding and margins to create white space • Avoid fixed size objects. and paste entries. 94) Specify the Portal and Report Language? 1. where the values will be Yes or No. Consume: End-users consume the required business reports. It provides information about the report itself. Content Language : The language used to view or produce reports. 90) To ensure professional results and make report designing easier. and user name. configure to meet reporting requirements. based on string values you will specify. just as you can with files and folders in Windows Explorer. 96) How to Identify the Architecture? To effectively administer the ReportNet server environment you should understand the underlying architecture. current time. Plan : Develop the application scope as part of a system development lifecycle. 2.• Create a prompt directly in a report page 87) What is the use from Customize prompts? Customize prompts in order to help users select and submit their choices. 93) How do Organize Data in Cognos Connection? To reorganize data content in Cognos Connection. you can cut. Product Language : The language used by the portal interface. and administer the environment 3. • Language Variable : Language variable when the values are different languages. 88) What is the Layout Calculation? Layout calculation creates a calculation that contains run-time information. such as current date. including: ♦ UI and server components 39 . 2. not about data found in the database. Model : Create Framework Manger projects 4. 91) You can use the Schedule Management tool to: ◊ Change the properties of a job ◊ Modify a scheduled report ◊ View the run history of a report ◊ Run a scheduled entry once ◊ Delete a schedule 92) What is parameter? Parameters are placeholders that require a value to determine what data to report on. remember to: • Set properties on the highest level item.

you have to configure:  Specify burst repents from a data source  Create the report and specify a burst key in Report Studio  Set burst options in Report Studio 40 . or you can focus on specific data by removing unnecessary report items. you should: • Understand the ReportNet security model and develop a plan • Identify and configure third-party authentication providers • Lock down the environment • Control access to functionality • Assign access permissions to content.♦ Communication protocols ♦ Third-party applications ♦ Load balancing 97) How do you secure the ReportNet Environment? To implement security in the ReportNet environment. every Monday at 2pm). we edit the existing report by inserting additional report items. • Multilingual • Integrates with Web farms • Platform independent • Open and extensible 100) What are the tiers of the ReportNet Architecture? The ReportNet architecture can be separated into three tiers: • Web server • Applications • Data 101) What is the affinity? Affinity is between request and server ensures that requests are routed to an appropriate computer for execution. 102) Can you edit an existing report? Yes. 98) What are the User Interface Components? • Cognos Connection • Report Studio • Query studio • Frame work manager • Cognos configuration 99) What are the Features of the ReportNet Architecture? Features of the ReportNet architecture include: • Web administration • A common dispatcher • Scalable • Supports and leverages leading Relational Database management System(RDBMS) for content management. or adding filters. 103) What is the use of schedule? The schedule allows you to run a report at a later time or run it on a recurring basis (for example. 104) How can you configure ReportNet to perform Bursting? To burst report data.

The layout section of the report specification consists of: • Pages • Layout Objects 114) What are the tool bar objects (explorers)? 41 . Set the following burst options: 1. 110) How can you set the burst options? Ensure that the report contains the query item you intend to burst the report on and group it. Locating hard – to – objects in a report 2. but may have more. A report requires at least one layout. 113) How can you add a layout to Report Specification? The layout section of a report specification determines how the data is displayed on the pages of the report. 107) What is CAMID? CAMID is an internal path to users. 108) What are the information do you need to create burst table? To create a Burst table to map recipients or groups of recipients to specific data that they are allowed to see. quickly moving objects from one area of a page to another 3. roles contacts or distribution lists. Run the report with bursting enabled in Cognos Connection.  Unique Identifier  List of Recipients  Data item to Burst on 109) What is the impact of changes to row or columns of the burst table? Burst reports that are affected by changes to the burst table may fail when they are run. Using the CAMID syntax. Modifying object properties. you can substitute a static user ID with a dynamically generated user ID when creating your burst key. you can either: 1. supply the email address in the report itself by creating a calculated filed 3. Burst key : defines how the data should be filtered and divided 2. You can add multiple layouts to accommodate different languages. 105) What is a burst key? The Burst key is who the intended recipients are and by what method you intend to distribute the reports in the ReportNet. reference the email address for each user that is stored in your authentication source when bursting to directories 2. groups. Burst recipient : determines who receives the subset of data 111) The consideration of Burst to Email Recipients? To supply email addresses when you burst a report to email recipients. reference the appropriate burst table column 112) What is the use from page structure view? 1. 106) Determine what are the Burst Recipients? You can distribute burst reports to : • Users • Groups • Roles • Email address and distribution lists.

To create a new toolbox object. 117) What is the Authentication? Authentication is the process of verifying the identity of users when they log on.xml file:  Layout View  QueryView_queryset  QueryView_BIQuery  QueryView_tabularModel  QueryView_tabularSet 116) Can you create Custom Templates? Yes.The objects available in the toolbox are different depending on which explorer you have open. Query explorer tool box 115) Can you create a custom toolbox object? Yes. 42 . you must add it to the Template.xml file. and cannot be deleted.xml file. Page explorer tool box 2. you must add it to the Standard components. It contains Cognos objects: Groups Roles Sources Distribution lists Contacts 121) Can you delete Cognos namespace? No. 120) What is the Cognos namespace? And what is contains? The Cognos namespace is the ReportNet built-in namespace. and roles used for authentication. The Built – in entries are: • Anonymous • All Authenticated Users • Everyone • System Administrators. Query explorer tool box 3. You can add the object reference to one of the following sections of the Toolbox. 119)What are the Groups and Roles? Groups and roles represent collections of users that perform similar tasks. based on their sign on identity. and then reference it from the Toolbox.xml file. groups. we can not delete Cognos namespace 122) What are the Built – in Entries? Built – in entries are fundamental entries required to access and administer ReportNet. Authentication providers define users. Note: User authentication in ReportNet is managed by third – party authentication providers. to create a new template.xml file. and then reference if from the AppComponents. Those are: 1. 118) What is Authorization? Authorization is the process of granting or denying users access to data.

Set Policy: Read and Modify the security settings for an entry 5. Write : Modify any of the properties of an entry 3. which are: • Built – in groups or roles • Predefined group or roles • User – defined groups or roles 128) What is the use of the Cognos namespace?  Create groups and roles specific to a ReportNet application  Repackage security data available for authentication providers  Avoid cluttering authentication providers 129) Evaluate Policy Rules? The basic rules that affect access permissions for each entry in ReportNet include those for: ⇒ Acquired policies ⇒ Traversing to view child entries ⇒ Group inheritance ⇒ Implicit deny ⇒ Explicit deny versus grant 43 . Execute : Process an entry 4. such as:  Public folders  Packages and reports  Data sources  Distribution lists and contacts  Printers  Schedules  The Cognos namespace  Deployment specifications and history  Configuration settings 127) What are the security items Cognos namespace contains? The Cognos namespace contains security entries. They can be modified or deleted. which includes all entries in the portal. The deployment can include data sources and access permissions.123) What are predefined Entries? Predefined entries are logical roles provided as a convenience when setting up your security infrastructure. Traverse: View the child contents of a parent container entry 125) What is Deployment? Deploy entries to move applications from one installation to another. 126) What are the entries can you deploy in content store? You can deploy the entire content store. The Predefined Entries are: • Consumers • Query users • Authors • Reports Administrator • Server Administrator • Directory Administrator 124) What are Access Permissions? The Access permissions are: 1. Read: View all the properties of an entry 2.

44 .⇒ Union of permissions ⇒ ownership 130) To tune the performance of the server environment as follows: → Group dispatchers → Set processing capacity → Set number of processes and connections → Maximize usage during peak periods → Set queue time limits in ReportNet 131) Examine Audit Logging Details and Categories? The ReportNet operations are logged based on the following categories: ⇒ Audit ⇒ Audit administration ⇒ Audit run-time usage ⇒ Audit other.

To access Webintelligence we log into the INFOVIEW portal via Internet Explorer. Scheduled Documents 4) What are the documents you can access from Infoview? INFOVIEW allows you to access the corporate documents from three storage areas like: 1. Corporate Documents 2. 2) What is Universe? The special semantic layer that isolates you from the technical issues of the database is called as Universe. Corporate Documents 2. Toolbar 2. A Category displays only the documents that have been assigned to it. HTML(Interactive) 3.Business Objects 6. Personal Documents 4. Corporate Category 2.The INFOVIEW Toolbar contains the following links to the following pages. Enhanced Document Format 4. Inbox Documents 5) What are the Document categories in INFOVIEW? Categories are a way of organizing documents in INFOVIEW portal. Inbox Documents 5. Add a Document 7.The Page Content contains the following options: 1. 1. Search 3. 3) Explain INFOVIEW Portal? The INFOVIEW portal is organized into the following parts: 1. New Documents 6. Home Page 2.1b 1) What is Web intelligence? Webintelligence is a single tool for understanding and controlling the business tasks. PDF 45 . The Universes are created by a Universe designer using Business Objects Designer software. It enables you to access. Help Page 5. Business Objects Format 7) What are the formats supported for Web intelligence documents? You can view Web intelligence documents in the following formats: 1. Personal Documents 3. HTML 2. Optional Page 4. analyze and share corporate data over internets and extranets for RDBMS AND OLAP servers. HTML 2. PDF 3. There are two kinds of Categories: 1. Page content Toolbar :. Logout Page Page Content :. My Infoview Page 3. Personal Category 6) What are the formats supported for Business Objects documents? You can view Business Objects documents in the following formats: 1.

Java report Panel: Enables you to create sophisticated documents containing multiple reports. The following are the advantages of the Query Filters:  You retrieve only the data you need to answer a specific business question. Dimension 2. 9) What is object? What are the types of Objects in Universe? Objects are elements in a Business Objects that correspond to a selection of data in the database. 11) What is Report Manager in Webintelligence? The Report Manager is displayed to the left hand side of the Webintelligence Java Report Panel. The contents of the Data Provider are then projected into a Webintelligence report in the form of tables. The Report Manager is made up of four tabs: 1.  You hide data you don’t want specific users to see when they access the document.  You minimize the quantity of data returned to the document to optimize performance. (Properties Tab)  Navigate through the documents (Map Tab). 1. Properties Tab 4. Detail 10) What are the Report Panels exits in Webintelligence? Webintelligence provides two types of Report Panels: 1. This question is sent in the form of a query to the Business Object’s server where the data and send it back to the Webintelligence in the form of a Data Provider.8) Explain the query process in Webintelligence? Using the Webintelligence Report Panel. HTML Report Panel: Enables you to create simple reports helped by wizard – like style tabs. Operand 3. You can create complex filters. Data Tab 2.  Change the type of blocks in the report (Templates Tab). Through query filter. Restricting the query in this way ensures that you retrieve only the data that interests you. crosstabs and charts etc. Object 2. Templates Tab 3. You can apply simple filters and standard calculations to a report in HTML Report Panel. Operator. you can minimize the quantity of data returned by the report and thus reduces the time required to create and refresh the document over the network. 2. tables and charts. The Query Filters retrieve a sub-set of the available data. custom formulas and highly formatted documents in Java Report Panel.  Format the properties of the report and its contents. you construct a business question that represents the information you need. Map Tab 12) What is Query Filter? What are the advantages of Query Filter? To restrict a query means you limit that amount of data that is retrieved from the data source and returned to your Webintelligence reports. We use this Report Panel to:  Manage all the objects and variables in the document (Data Tab). 46 . based on the definition of the query filter. There are three types of Objects exists in the Universe. The query Filters are made up of three parts: 1. Measure 3.

Prompted Filters 4. Polar and Scatter Charts 16) What are the Reporting Tools available in the Report Panel Toolbar? The following are the Reporting Tools available from the Report Panel Toolbar: 1. Filters 5. 1. Webintelligence separates all the data for each unique value of the selected variable. When you apply break. Sections 17) What are Breaks? Breaks allow you to break up data in tables and cross tabs into subgroups according to the data and values you select. Report Format 3. Report Filters – to hide data Types of Query Filters: 1. There are four sub tabs in the Report properties tab to change the default format of the report. Calculations 3. Cross tab 4. Breaks 2. Report Properties 2. Report Page Layout 4. Nested Filters 19) Explain the Report properties tabs in the Report Manager Panel? The Report properties tabs are appeared vertically on the left side of the Report Manager Panel. Pie charts 5. It inserts a blank row or column after each value enabling you to insert subtotals for the subgroup of data. Form 15) What are the basic chart types available in web intelligence? Web intelligence provides the following basic types of Charts 1. Radar. 18) What are Filters? In Webintelligence there are two types of Filters: 1. Line charts 3. Sorts 4. Prompted Filters 5. Area charts 4. Vertical Table 2. Query Filters – to restrict data 2. Single and Multi – value Filters 3. Bar charts 2.13) What are the types of Query Filters that you use in Webintelligence? There are four types of Query Filter you use in Web intelligence: 1. Horizontal of Financial Table 3. Predefined Filters 2. Complex Filters 14) What are the types of tables available in web intelligence? Web intelligence provides four different types of tables: 1. Predefined Filters 2. Filters 47 . Multi value Filters 4. Single value Filters 3.

Table Page Layout 4. Sorts 6. There are five sub tabs in the Section properties tab to change the default format of the Section. 26) What are the advantages using BusinessObjects? The advantages of using BusinessObjects are: 48 . Chart Format 3. Sorts 5. 24) What is Drill in Webintelligence documents? When we talk of drill mode in Webintelligence. Filters 21) Explain the Table properties tabs in the Report Manager Panel? The Table properties tabs are appeared vertically on the left side of the Report Manager Panel. Viewing the document in drill mode. either in Webintelligence Report Panel or in Info View and analyze the data at different levels of detail. Section Page Layout 4. 25) How many ways you can share Webintelligence and BusinessObject documents? You can share Webintelligence and BusinessObject documents in three ways: 1. Chart Properties 2. Table Properties 2. Table Format 3. In the Universe. 1. we often refer to two activities that are related: 1. 1. Breaks 5. Section Format 3. Filters 23) What is Scope of Analysis? The Scope of Analysis for a query is extra data you can retrieve from the database to give more details on the data returned by each of the objects in a query. Sorts 5. the Scope of Analysis corresponds to the hierarchical levels below the object selected for a query. 1. 2. Save documents as files on your computer in PDF and Excel format. Send a document to another user or group of users 2. Chart Page Layout 4. This extra data does not appear in the initial document results. Schedule documents to be refreshed and sent automatically but using the Broadcast Agent 3. but you can pull this data at any time into the report from the data cube. Section Properties 2. Filters 22) Explain the Section properties tabs in the Report Manager Panel? The Section properties tabs are appeared vertically on the left side of the Report Manager Panel. There are five sub tabs in the Chart properties tab to change the default format of the chart. There are six sub tabs in the Table properties tab to change the default format of the Table.20) Explain the Chart properties tabs in the Report Manager Panel? The Chart properties tabs are appeared vertically on the left side of the Report Manager Panel. Setting up a Webintelligence or Business Object document so that you and other users can analyze the reports in drill mode.

1. Strategies 4. Self Join 31) What is Theta Join? A Theta Join contains an expression that is based on something other than equality. Plan 4. These parameters are the name of the Universe to be contained within the file. Definition 2. 29) What are the tabs of Universe Parameter dialog box? The sub tabs of the Universe parameter are: 1. The value of the statistic is dependent on the dimension and detail objects in the query. 49 . 27) What is the Universe development process? The flowing are the phases involved in development of Universe: 1. Prepare 2. The BusinessObject supports the following Joins: 1.unv extension. Theta Join 4. Summary 3. Users construct queries via objects named in their own business terminology using drag and drop technology 2. SQL 6. calculations or a concatenation therof in the select clause of the select statement but not aggregates. 32) What is Cardinality? Cardinality is the term used for expressing the relationship between tables based on joins. Deploy 7. Cardinality is used by BusinessObject to provide enough information to detect and resolve loops.unv file you have to set certain parameters. It can also be a useful aid to designer in understanding database structures. 3. User queries are sent directly to the target database without day to day intervention from the MIS department. Controls 5. constants. As part of the process of creating the . Links 30) Explain Joins in BusinessObjects? A Join is a condition that restricts the result set of a multi-relational query. 34) What is Measure? Measures are used to provide dynamic statistical information in a BusinessObject query. 33) What is a Dimension? Dimensions are used to infer columns. Users can analyze and format the data locally. a description of it and a connection to the target database that the Universe provides a front end. 28) What are Parameters? A Universe is built within a file that has a . Quter join 3. Evolve Note: Universe design should always be driven primarily by user requirements and not the data source structure. Implement 5. Analyze 3. Equi-join 2. Test 6.

the joins will apply more restrictions than the designer intended and the data returned will be incorrect. 36) What are the elements to test the Dimension object? The following are the elements to test the Dimension object: 1. This is used when designing universes where it is possible in certain circumstances to make the inferred SQL more efficient. Using Aliases 2. Their purpose is to restrict the data that is returned by the query. 40) How you resolve the Loop by using context? Generally in normalized dimensions Aliases are not suitable resolve loops and in such situation we use Context. In a Loop. 41) What is a Shortcut Join? A Shortcut Join is a join that links two tables together but bypasses intervening tables that exist in the universe. Contexts are set to identify alternative routes in the universe structure. 39) How to resolve the Loops? There are automatic routines built in the Designer module which can be used to identify and resolve the Loops. 43) What is Chasm Trap and how to resolve it? Chasm Trap is the problem that is inherent is SQL which is caused by the order in which the elements of Select statement is processed. Average. Check projection with Slice & Dice 37) What is a Loop? A Loop is caused by asset of joins which defines a closed path through a set of tables in the structures. Make a query with a minimum of two dimensions and a measure 6. chasm Trap returns too many rows i. when you have a many-one-many relationship for tables in the from clause the resulting logical 50 . Maximum and Minimum. We can resolve the Self Joins by inserting Aliases.A Measure object is created by using aggregate functions like Sum. everything outside of that aggregate in the clause must also appear in the Group By clause. 42) What is a Self Join and how it is resolved? A Self Join from one column of a table to another column of the same table. Unlike Loops. Check objects exist 2. 35) What is the SQL rule in Inference of the Group By clause? If the Select clause line contains an aggregate. Contexts identify joins which are compatible within the same Select statement. Check query results 4. Measure objects are very flexible because they are semantically dynamic. They are: 1. Count. The Chasm Trap can occur when tow joins from many to one converge on a single table. 38) What is the problem caused by Loop? The joins in the structure are used to create the where clause in the inferred SQL of a query. Using Contexts Note: IT is very important that all cardinalities are set correctly for the loop detection and resolution routines to work correctly.e. Check inferred SQL 3. When a BusinessObjects Query is made which includes a measure it automatically infers a Group By clause in the select statement. Repeat with other dimensions 5. A Context is a list of joins which identify a path through the structure.

47) When to use the List of Values? There are three things that a universe designer should bear in mind when deciding whether to associate a LOV to an object: 1. @Aggregate 2. a geographical hierarchy could group together Dimension objects such as County. @Script 4. Because a LOV is based on a SELECT DISTINCT query which is fired at the target DB. when you have a one-to-many relationship for tables in the From clause the resulting logical table will produce something similar to Cartesian product. For example.e. Alter SQL parameter for the Universe 2. associating a LOV will have implications for the efficiency of BusinessObjects. To resolve Fan Trap we use 1. which are used for multidimensional analysis. 49) What is a Multidimensional Analysis? Multidimensional analysis is a technique for manipulating data so that it can be viewed from different perspective and at different levels of detail. 50) What is Aggregate Awareness? 51 . 3. set SQL parameters option in Universe Parameter dialog box i. Fan Trap returns too many rows i. this is the reason of the Chasm Trap effect. there is no point in associating it with the object. The only purpose for creating a LOV is to assist the end user in choosing an operand value for a condition. Note: Always use combination of context and aliases to resolve Fan Traps 45) How many @ Functions are there? The following the @ Functions available: 1. the list will only hold values that exist within the database. 2. To resolve Chasm Trap we use 1. select the SQL tab and there select the option called “Multiple SQL statements for each measure”. Region and City. The Fan Trap can occur when there is “one to many” join to a table that fans out into another “one to many” join to another table. @Prompt 3. 48) What is a Hierarchy? A Hierarchy is an ordered series of related Dimensions objects. @Where 46) What is a List of Values? List of Values is a list of the distinct values from the column to which the object refers. Unless the LOV is based on a personal file and not a query.table will produce something similar to Cartesian product. If the LOV does not do this. Note: Always use contexts to resolve Chasm Traps 44) What is Fan Traps and how to resolve it? Fan Trap is the problem that is inherent in SQL which is caused by the order in which the elements of Select statement is processed. Inserting Contexts According to the first option. Alter SQL parameter for the Universe 2. @Variable 5. Unlike Loops.e. A LOV is used on the operand side of a condition in the query panel of the user module. Use combination of Context and Aliases. this is the reason of the Fan Trap effect. in the Universe Parameter dialog box.

General Supervisor 2. List of Value files (. These are used to speed up queries which contain statistics. Define incompatible objects using Aggregate navigation. 2. Make a copy of the universe file and place it on the file server. Security Domain – consists of 25 database tables used to store BusinessObjects users and their permissions. 52) What is the procedure for distributing a universe in Work Group? The procedures for distributing a universe in Work Group are as follows: 1. 4. each of which contains the same core set of objects.lov). 2. Supervisor 3. Document Domain – consists of database table used to store files including BusinessObjects documents (. By creating each universe as a separate entity you are effectively coding the same objects several times over. 55) What is Business Intelligence? It is a broad category of application programs and technologies by using which users can gather.rep). 57) What are the User Profiles in BusinessObjects? The following are the User Profiles in BusinessObjects: 1. User (Normal user) 52 . By linking you could avoid this. Inform the users about the location of the . 2. 3. Statistical Forecast Analysis. Supervisor – Designer 5. 53) Explain the Repository of the BusinessObjects? The Repository of the BusinessObjects is a database consists of: 1. Designer 4. Redefine objects using @Aggregate Aware. Data Mining 4. 51) What is the procedure of applying Aggregate Awareness? The following are the procedure for applying Aggregate Awareness: 1. Note: Step 1 and 2 are not required if the summary table does not contain foreign keys. store and analyze the business information for multidimensional analysis. Security Domain – 25 tables. 4. Set the contexts. Insert the summary Table in the Universe structure. Query and Reporting 3. 3. set joins and cardinality. 54) Why should we link universes? One possible reason for linking universes is where have a number of universes. Universe Domain – consists of 24 database tables used to store universes. Universe Domain – 1 table and Document Domain – 24 tables. Set password protection if required. The Aggregate Awareness is the BusinessObjects process by which these higher level aggregates are incorporated into a universe.Some databases have Summary tables which contain figures aggregated to a high level. Ensure an appropriate driver exists on the server and that the universe connection is of shared type. Supervisor module is responsible for creating Repository with 50 database objects (tables) with 3 basic domains.unv file containing the universe. etc. The Business Intelligence is accomplished through: 1. 56) What is Repository? A Repository is a centrally storage place where the Meta Data definitions are being stored for each report. OLAP Tools 2. 3.

Versatile 58) What is a Bomain. p2. It maps to the data or the derivation of the data in the database. 60) What is a Object? An object is the most refined component in the universe. A Report Manager manages the data to be represented in a different formats called as Blocks and allows to set the properties of Blocks.Key file will be placed in “BusinessObjects\LocData folder. In BusinessObject the prompt is created by using “@Prompt”. Detail Object 61) What is a Prompt? A Prompt is a dynamic filter which allows the end users to feed the condition at the run time and displays the results on the report based on the values fed in the prompt. Generally the name of the class reflects the type of object it contains. 53 . p4. @Prompt(p1. Measure Object 3. p3. Dimension Object 2.6.Key? a file that contains the address of the repository’s security domain. cross tabs and forms in which the business information is displayed. There are three types of objects we can create in BusinessObjects: 1. A class in further sub divided into sub classes. This file must be distributed to all users who will access the BusinessObject repository to share universes and documents. p5) Where p1 : name of the prompt p2 : data type p3 : LOV pointer p4 : Mono or Multi p5 : Free or constraint 62) What are Blocks? In Webintelligence Blocks represents tables. charts. 59) What is a Class? A class is defined as a logical grouping of objects defined in the universe. By default the Bomain.

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