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METRO EDITION LOUISVILLE, KENTUCKY courier-journal.com W E D N E S D AY , A P R I L 21, 2 010 USPS 135567

JCPS may tap reserves for $27 million


More buses, books and school days proposed Tuesday.
“If the General Assembly decides to re-
BUDGET PROPOSALS
Jefferson County Public Schools expects to use
duce the school year from 177 days to 175 more than $27 million from the $90 million in
By Antoinette Konz school days, if those pro- days, we will pick up the cost to ensure reserves to provide:
akonz@courier-journal.com posed cuts are included our students get 177 instructional days.”
!$1 million next school year to add 20 bus
The Courier-Journal in the budget the legisla- Hardin said it would cost the district routes to ensure that no student’s ride is longer
ture considers in the about $2 million per day for teacher sala- than 75 minutes.
Jefferson County Public Schools will coming special session. ries if the General Assembly cuts the two
!$2.3 million on textbooks for its elementary
spend $1 million next school year to add “It is a priority of our days. Other costs would include transpor- and middle school students next year — to
20 bus routes to ensure that no student’s school board that we do tation and food service. offset a possible state cut.
ride is longer than 75 minutes, according not cut out any instruc- The district would spend $2.3 million
!$2 million per day for teacher salaries if the
to a budget proposal that school board Sheldon tional time from the on textbooks for its elementary and mid- General Assembly cuts two days.
members will discuss Monday. Berman school calendar,” Corde- dle school students next year — to offset a !Money for increased operating expenses,
The district also will spend more than lia Hardin, chief finan- cut made earlier this year by the Kentucky salary increases and for teacher retirement
$6 million from its reserves to provide cial officer for the district, said during a funds, transportation and food service.
new textbooks and avoid eliminating two budget and finance committee meeting See JCPS, A4, col. 1

Ohio River healthier, McConnell


but recovery slowing tones down
It’s been 20 years
finance fire
since key pollution Compromise ‘progress’ noted
progress occurred by Senate’s minority leader
By James Bruggers By James R. Carroll
jbruggers@courier-journal.com jcarroll@courier-journal.com
The Courier-Journal The Courier-Journal

O
nce an open sewer for WASHINGTON — A week after dismissing a fi-
industry and the bath- nancial regulation reform bill as “fatally flawed,” Sen-
rooms of millions, the ate Minority Leader Mitch McConnell has struck a
981-mile-long Ohio Riv- more conciliatory tone, saying Tuesday that Demo-
er is, by all accounts, crats and Republicans are “making
cleaner and healthier than it was progress and I’m optimistic” about a
40 years ago when Americans ob- compromise.
served the first Earth Day. In recent days, the White House
Cities along its banks and and Democratic leaders have
within its 204,000-square-mile stepped up their criticism of
basin now disinfect or remove McConnell for his objections to the
most of the dangerous bacteria bill.
and other contaminants from But the Kentucky Republican
sewage before treatment plant ef- said in an interview that his change McConnell
fluent is released in the river. in tone reflects the fact that Repub-
A stench from improperly licans are finally being included in the process and is
treated sewage has mostly gone not because of the criticism.
away. “All the finger-pointing is just silly,” he said.
Industries no longer indis-
criminately dump toxic chemi- See REFORM, A5, col. 1
cals into the water, and fish and
boaters have returned.
Yet much of that cleanup hap-
pened in the first 20 years after
the first Earth Day, when 20 mil-
lion people rallied in the United U of L doctors
threaten to quit
States on behalf of Mother Na-
ture, prompting Congress to pass
the Clean Water Act in 1972.
In recent decades, progress
has slowed — and health authori-
ties still recommend that people
swimming in the river take a
shower afterward and don’t over-
Humana network
do how much fish they eat from By Patrick Howington
phowington@courier-journal.com
the river. The Courier-Journal
“When we look at the last 20
years, we have not seen signifi-
cant changes in water quality im- More than 460 University of Louisville physicians
provements in this country,” said — many of them specialists — may leave Humana
Bowling Green attorney LaJuana Inc.’s network July1rather than accept a pay cut from
S. Wilcher. Wilcher ran the U.S. the insurer.
Environmental Protection Agen- That could require many patients to leave town
cy’s water programs during the for care or pay higher out-of-network costs, since the
administration of President U of L doctors are the only ones in town to practice
George H.W. Bush and more re- certain medical specialties.
cently was former Kentucky Gov. UofL Physicians, an umbrella group for the 460
Ernie Fletcher’s top environmen- doctors, announced the possibility of a break from
tal regulator. By Michael Hayman, The Courier-Journal Humana at a news conference Tuesday. Officials said
Further progress, according to The Ohio River, a highway for barge traffic at Louisville, has come a long way since Humana notified it in February that the company
the 1960s — but experts say further progress depends on reducing pollutants from would not renew its contract July 1 unless doctors
See RIVER, A6, col. 1 storm water and chemicals from sources such as livestock operations. accepted a 10 percent cut in reimbursements.

See DOCTORS, A7, col. 1


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Business B6 Lottery A2
O ON YOUR 36-HOUR FORECAST Classified E1 Metro B1
Stories, blogs and daily tips 4INF CELL PHONE Louisville area: Partly Comics D6 Movies D3
for a greener life. Plus Jim Text CJNEWS to sunny today. Partly Deaths B4 Sports C1
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Time: 04-20-2010 23:23 User: mstollhaus PubDate: 04-21-2010 Zone: MT Edition: 1 Page Name: A 6 Color: Black
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A6 | WEDNESDAY, APRIL 21, 2010 | THE COURIER-JOURNAL FROM PAGE ONE & NATION | courier-journal.com MT-

RIVER | Pollution reduced, but chemicals and storm water runoff still concerns
Continued from A1 rollton and tracks conserva- ter T. Goodmann, assistant ment-laden runoff.
tion issues for the Kentucky The Ohio River Basin director of the Kentucky Di- Goodman said state offi-
Wilcher and others, will de- Bass Federation, an alliance Population: 27 million Other: 11 percent 50,000 miles of vision of Water. “It really cials are concerned that not
pend on paying more atten- of local fishing groups. “The Watershed size: 204,000 square rivers; 1,300 lakes. hasn’t resulted in a whole lot all farmers are keeping up
tion to pollutants coming in- condition of the fish was miles. The Ohio River: of progress,” he said. with the requirements and
to the Ohio River through its pretty poor. They smelled Land cover: Urban, 3 percent 981 miles long. Provides drinking “Storm water runoff is have launched a study to un-
50,000 miles of tributaries, and tasted like diesel.” Forests: 51 percent. water for 5 million people and a caused by millions of people derstand any gaps.
including: Cities and industries Agriculture: 35 percent habitat for 150 species of fish. doing millions of everyday Meade County farmer
!Storm water washing along the river have spent WISC.
WISC
WI SC.
SC
WISC
WI
W C.
SC.
SC . I MICH
S
CH.
CH
activities,” Wilcher said. “It’s Adam Barr, who raises cattle
fertilizers, pesticides, oil, billions cleaning up — and N.Y.
N.Y. basically coming from your and chickens and grows veg-
bits of tire rubber and count- cities like Louisville, Cincin- lawn, your street or the park- etables for farmers’ markets
less tons of eroded dirt into nati and Pittsburgh still are PA.
PA ing lot.” and families in Louisville,
the river. spending billions more to fix ILL. It’s also coming from said some farmers are like
OHIO
OHIO
!Thousands of chemi- antiquated sewer systems IND.
IND. farms, where runoff is large- some of their city counter-
cals such as human and vet- that overflow when it rains. MD..
MD ly unregulated by the EPA, parts and don’t realize how
erinary prescriptions, over- As a result, Romans said, W. VA.
VA. Wilcher said. The result is their activities contribute to
the-counter drugs, cosmet- the river is “back into more MO.
MO VA
VA. sediment, pesticides, fertil- pollution downstream. One
KY.
KY
ics, and growth-enhancing tolerable ranges” of water izers and manure get into solution, he said, is to sup-
chemicals used in livestock quality. waterways like the Ohio. port more smaller-scale
operations finding their way “Will it support recrea- ARK.
ARK. TENN.
TENN
TE NN.
NN N.C.
N.C. Wilcher says Congress farms, like the one he works
into the water. Drugs, for in- tional fishing? Yes. It does a needs to amend the Clean with family members.
stance, aren’t entirely ab- wonderful job,” he said. MISS. S.C. Water Act to require identi- There are no massive
ALA.
ALA. GA.
GA
sorbed by the body and get Biologists with the eight- fying problems and solu- piles of manure on his
past water treatment efforts, state Ohio River Valley Wa- Pollution tions in each local wa- 200-acre property, which is
and some studies suggest ter Sanitation Commission, 66 percent of the river doesn’t meet clean water standards for tershed. mostly blanketed by grass
some substances may be which sets water quality swimming and wading because of bacteria. Typical bacteria levels at For its part, the EPA is used as forage for cattle. To
producing “intersex fish,” standards for the Ohio River, Louisville are often 100 times less than they were in 1970. working within the current further help reduce erosion,
with both male and female say a return of a viable fish- law. To tackle polluted storm fences keep the cattle out of
traits. ery is among the strongest 2.5 percent of the river doesn’t meet clean water standards for water in cities, EPA has a small stream.
evidence of improvement. aquatic life. pressed some in the Ohio He said he carefully man-
Low point in ’60s Forty years ago, about all Storm water runoff from cities and farms. River basin, including Louis- ages manure to fertilize his
As hundreds of millions that lived in the Ohio were Nearly 1,300 combined sewer overflow locations, including: 443 in ville, to further limit the vegetable garden and pas-
of people around the world tough, pollution-tolerant Pittsburgh area; 215 in Cincinnati and 105 in Louisville. amount of raw or partially ture land. This spring, for ex-
observe Earth Day’s anniver- carp and catfish, said Peter 31 million pounds of toxic discharges from 99 facilities in six states treated sewage that over- ample, he plans to put his
sary on Thursday and relat- Tennant, deputy director of in 2007. flows into the river when it egg-laying chickens in a
ed events this month, many the commission. But surveys Most prevalent toxic compounds in fish: PCBs, dioxin and mercury. rains. The Metropolitan modified old school bus that
local residents may recall dating to the 1950s show Fish consumption advisories found at Sewer District, for example, will allow their manure to
the pervasive pollution of steady improvement in the http://www.epa.gov/fishadvisories. has agreed to spend fall out the bottom. Each day,
the 1960s that fueled a grow- number and variety of fish, Sources: ORSANCO, U.S. Army Corps, Environment America. The Courier-Journal $843 million fixing its leak- he’ll tow the bus to a new
ing environmental move- as well as their overall ing and antiquated sewer part of the pasture.
ment — including a push to health, said Erich Emery, bi- system by 2024. There is broad agreement
clean up the Ohio and its ological programs manager he said. “It’s not got big turds fish 25 years after the EPA The EPA has also an- that the way to a cleaner,
tributaries. for the commission. Fish in it. There are no floating phased them out. nounced it will strengthen healthier Ohio River is to fo-
One report in The Couri- that have come back include syringes. Sometimes it gets “We are not where we its storm water runoff rules. cus on what’s happening up-
er-Journal in 1967 described paddlefish, smallmouth bass blue.” would like to be, but we are New development and stream in the tributaries.
“black creosote that oozes and logperch. But McCarver, who leads several orders of magnitude redevelopment likely will What actions are people
from a wood processing And a recent survey esti- a small group of personal better than we were back have to better manage run- willing to take in their own
plant to coat the sides of a mated that although two- watercraft users known as then,” Tennant said, recall- off, said Jonathan Angier, an lives, what policies they’re
ditch; foul looking rubbery thirds of the river doesn’t the Louisville River Rats, ac- ing the Ohio River of 1970. EPA scientist working on the willing to support and how
suds that drive swimmers meet official clean-water knowledges he takes a show- project. New parking lots, much they are willing to pay
and boaters out of the Ohio standards for bacteria, more er after a day on the river. Storm water runoff for example, may need to use are crucial.
River in disgust; black, stink- 3 million people each year Health authorities also Tennant said the EPA, porous materials or have “It’s really up to the pub-
ing sewage, improperly are using the river for swim- recommend limits on eating which was also created 40 areas that collect water and lic to become more aware, so
treated, that roils the water ming, boating, fishing and fish from the river because years ago this year, first fo- allow it to soak into the they can demand change,”
of the river into a soupy hunting. of pollutants such as mercu- cused on the most obvious ground, he said. said Teena Halbig, a long-
brew; avalanches of garbage One of them is George ry, which is associated with sources, such as the pipes The Clean Water Act time advocate for water
that line the steep banks of McCarver, a Louisville resi- coal-fired power plant emis- from sewage treatment largely exempts farms, quality improvement in the
Beargrass Creek and tumble dent who jumps waves on a sions and can damage ner- plants and industry. though Kentucky requires Floyds Fork watershed.
down into the water.” personal watercraft. vous systems. Tennant said Only in the last 15 years farms of 10 acres or more to
“The river back in the “I believe the biggest the Ohio River commission has the EPA been regulating have water quality plans that Reporter James Bruggers can be
’60s was pretty much at its myth is that it’s dirty, it’s nas- is still trying to determine storm water runoff, said Pe- reduce polluted and sedi- reached at (502) 582-4645.
low point,” said John Ro- ty, that it’s got feces in it — the source of toxic poly-
mans, a retired Dow Corning that you wouldn’t even chlorinated biphenyls, or
engineer who lives in Car- dream of going in the river,” PCBs, that are showing up in !" #$%&'()%* +%,-.%'' /011%&' 2(13 45-65&125&.* 7%,6 8&51%91(5:' ;<=>< , 6551 (:'1,..%*
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By Hope Yen OTHER CENSUS FINDINGS consistently outpaced men


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vanced degree, part of an ac- ! 87 percent of adults tion and manufacturing sec-
celerating trend of educa- have a high school diploma tors, which require less
tional gains that have shield- or more. A higher proportion schooling, shed millions of
ed women from recent job of women (87 percent) than jobs after the housing bust. 6,7879,72 8:8,!84!;
losses. Yet they continue to men (86 percent) have at Still, despite recent gains, !"#$%"&$ '())(*%+ ,*-./0"*1 2.(33 4)$(5(1$ :,<,= >?@ <A>'@>>B
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er, 29 percent of women in appeared in 2000. temporary as job losses );@+"7> A$;5>"5 B%";5 C$D2% E2$5&"#;25
the U.S. have at least a bache- ! Broken down by race, 53 spread to other sectors, such
lor’s degree, compared with percent of Asians have a as state and local govern-
30 percent of men, according bachelor’s degree or higher. ment, where women are !"# $%%&$'
to 2009 census figures re- That’s compared with 33 more highly represented. (&%)*$+,+%- .$'/
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by raw numbers, women al- whites, 19 percent for blacks to school for degrees in fe- !"#$%&"'( )"' *#+( ,-.- / !012 !"#"
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Women also have drawn during recessions.
even with men in holding ad- Census Bureau: Unemployment for men
vanced degrees. Women www.census.gov stands at 10.7 percent com-
represented roughly half of Institute for Women’s Policy pared with 8.6 percent for
those in the U.S. with a mas- Research: www.iwpr.org/ women. That 2.1 percentage
ter’s degree or higher, due index.cfm point gap is down from a rec-
largely to years of steady in- ord of 2.7 in August but re-
creases in women opting to mains higher than in the pre-
pursue a medical or law de- mothers, increased child- vious three recessions, when
gree. care needs and a greater fo- women were almost as likely
At current rates, women cus on pay disparities among as men to be out of work.
could pass men in total ad- them. The findings are the lat-
vanced degrees this year, Women with full-time est to highlight a shift of tra-
even though they still trail jobs now have weekly earn- ditional roles of the sexes,
significantly in several cate- ings equal to 80.2 percent of caused partly by massive job
gories such as business, sci- what men earn, up slightly losses in the recession.
ence and engineering. from 2008 but lower than a Many women returning F7G;<#%"#;25 E77 28 H,I
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level up to Ph.D.,” said Mark al gains, because it is persis- and a higher education. Lin- !"#$%&"' )' <)*(&" )*:$*" (& 3334567"849:;
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