The Missouri expulsion in 1838-39 found most of Des Moines. WhenIsrael Barlow met Galland, the owner the Mormon refugees heading for Quincy, Illinois. Israel of the army barracks, Galland began negotiations to buy Barlow and others, however, traveled northfromDaviess not only land in Iowa in the Half Breed Tract but also the County and then followed along the southerntier of Iowa land and buildings in Commerce. until they arrived at the abandoned barracks of Fort Des The weaq Mormons flocked to Commerce where Moines, now Montrose, Iowa This area was located in the "Half Breed Tract," 119,000 acres set apart on 4 they began the task of draining the swampy land and August 1824 for the mixed-blood natives belonging to building their city, shortly thereafter renamed Nawoo. the Sacs and Foxes but later sold to the whites for home- Soon, other Saints moved into the newly purchased land in Iowa4 where the Church had bought the town site of steading.1 Nashville and 20,000 surrounding acres, 30,000 acres One of the first settlers is a man named Isaac near and including Montrose, and other lands-some Galland, who not only purchased land in Iowa but also 120,000 in all. Individuals also purchased land in bought land across the Mississippi River in Commerce, Ambrosia, Keokuk, and additional areas in Iowa Illinois. Galland's property, about three miles below preThe settlement of Montrose was resurveyed about sent-day Monmse, was procured in 1829. Dr. Galland had brought his family across from Illinois and settled at tbat time and renamed Zarahernla The newly plotted Ah-wi-pe-tuck, an Indian name meaning "the beginning streets were designed to line up with the streets of of the cascades." The village was renamed Nashville.2 Nawoo, across the river. Even a temple site was chosen Later, when mail service was made available, the town for this sister city of Nauvoo. became known as Galland, honoring Dr. Galland. h Eventually, so many Church members lived in t e Soon after Galland moved to Nashville, he was fol- Iowa branches that a stake was organized, called the lowed by other families; an4 in the early thirties, a thriv- Zademla Stake, on 5 October 1839. Joseph Smith's ing settlement existed. As neighbors joined him, Galland uncle, John Smith, was ordained as president of the saw the need for education for the children; therefore, in stake, with Reynolds Cahoon and Lyman Wight as coun1830, he built a log school on his property, the first such selors. The high council included Erastus Snow, Elijah building in Iowa or, for that matter, west of the Fordham, Asahel Smith, and William Clayton Alanson Mississippi River. He hired a young man named Ripley was the bishop. By August of 1841, the stake Berryman Jennings to move from Commerce to comprised 683 members in eight branches. Nashville to be the teacher in the log school. Jennings The History of the am6 details the purchase of was compensated by being allowed free room and board in Galland's home and by having the use of Dr. Galland's the land for Nashville as well as other Church activities in the settlements On 24 June 1839, the Church purlimited medical libmy to peruse.3 chased the town of Nashville with t e adjoining acreage. h In 1835, the government acquired the claim of a Mr. A year later, A meeting was held in Nashville on 23 Tesson, called Tesson Settlement, and established Fort August 1840, at which time Joseph and Hyrum Smith

MAURWE CARR WARD is the editor of EieNauvoo Joumal. She is also the editor of WinterQuarten: Eie 18461848Life Wn'tiigs ofMaryHaskin ParkerRicharh, the first in a series of writings by frontier women, published by Utah State University Press.

and a large assembly of the Saints voted to begin building a city at Nashville; and they began building a place of worship as well.6 On 30 August, the Prophet Joseph was again in Nashville where he preached on "Eternal Judgment and the Eternal Duration of Matter."
At one time, the little town of Nashville boasted ninety members. An article appeared in 23e T l e s and Seasons in September 1840 describing the town to tbe European Saints and suggesting it would be a good destination for them when they anived in America:7 TO THE SAINTS ABROAD. Beloved brethren:

be purchased on very liberal terms in almost all parts of the county: but in Nashville and vicinity, the greatest facilities are now offered: Town lots, as well as farming lands adjacent to the town can be purchased on very liberal terms, also a very large stone building designed as a place of public worship; and a Seminary of learning is in contemplation There is a Ferry on the Mississippi at this place and those emigrating to this part of the country, will find it most convenient to cross here: and to this place we iwite our brethren and friends, by the unanimous vote of this branch of the church, of Jesus Christ of Latter Day Saints, convened at Nashville this 23d day of August 1840 And that you may be preserved spotless to the coming of the Lord Jesus, is the prayer of your brethren, in the new and everlasting covenant.

As many of you are anxious to settle with the Saints, we thought best to give you a short description of this County, and the inducements it offers to emigrants, this county (Lee county I. T.) is situated between the rivers, Desmoines and Mississippi, and opposite Hancock co. Ill. there is a town called Nashville, laid out on the Rapids of the Mississippi river, 5 m l s below ie Nawoo, which is in the possession of the Saints; a number of Buildings are already built, and others in progress; It is the only good Steam Boat landing on the Rapids, and during a considerable part of the year the Boats on the upper trade receive their freight and passengers at this place, which is brought from the foot of the Rapids in Lighters.
These Rapids afford facilities for hydraulic purposes to any extent necessary; besides there are numerous creeks in this county on which, Machinery and Manufactories can be supplied with mcient quantity of water at all seasons of the year: and for richness of soil, health of climate, morality, enterprise, and indumy of its inhabitants; this county is not surpassed by any in the great valley of the Mississippi. T e h prairies here have a deep rich soil, and are bordered with beautiful streams and rivulets, s u p plied with large quantities of excellent timber, Several hundred of the Saints have settled in this county, and o w themselves into five Merent branches of the church and all under the superintendence of a President, Bishop and High council. Large t a t of excellent land can rcs

On 20 March 1841, Joseph Smith wrote the following about Nashille and the area west of Nawoo:S

hs About ti time I received a revelation, given in the City of Nawoo, in answer to the following intenogatory-"What is the will of the Lord, concerning the Saints in the Tenitory of Iowa?" Verily, thus saith the Lord, I say unto you, if those who call themselves by my name, and are essaying to be my Saints, if they will do my will and keep my commandments concerning them; let them gather themselves together, unto the place which I shall appoint unto them by my servant Joseph, and build up cities unto my name, that they may be prepared for that which is in store for a time to come. Let them build up a city u t my name upon the land no opposite to the City of Nauvoo, and let the name of Zarahemla be named upon it. And let all those who come from the east, and the wesf and the north, and the south, that haye desires to dwell therein, take up their inheritances in t e h same, as well as in the City of Nashville, of in the City of Nawoo, and in all the stakes which I have appointed, 4 t h the Lord.
One of the early Mormon families who sealed in Nashville was that of Asahel Smith, brother to Joseph

Smith Sr., with his wife Betsey and sons Elias and Silas. Other children included Esther, married to Amos Botsford Fuller, Mary Jane, married to George Washington Gee; Julia Priscilla, married to Moses Martm; and Emily, married to Samuel Pierce HoyL While in Iowa, Elias married Lucy Brown, Martha married Hiram B. Benneq and Silas manied Elizabeth Orton

tho they do not possess an abundance. Gee lost all he was worth in Missouri and Martin fared but little better. George W. is Post Master at Ambrosia seven miles from this place and has held the office of Depty County Surveyor for the l s year. Mrh and Silas are living at at ata home.

Samuel P. and Emily Smith Hoyt first moved to A letter written by Elias to his non-LDS m l e , Jesse Nawoo after they were driven iiom Missouri, living for Smith, in New Yo* dated 31 August 1841 from one year in part of the home owned by Daniel H. Wells. In the spring of 1840, the Hoyts moved to Nashville. Nashville, gives a description of NaslNille.9 Emily was so ill at the time she could barely sit up, but she wanted to be near her family. Samuel built a small As to our worldly prosperity we are in cabin where they lived the fmt year, then, as mentioned l comfortable circumstances. Tho nearly a l we in Elias's letter, Samuel built a larger home. Exnily later possess we have acquired since we came here two years ago last June, For when we had got described her home as having ten well-finished and through the destructive administration of Boggs painted rooms; six good fireplaces; closets, cupboards, of Missouri we had but little property left. Since and drawers in the walls; an attic over the whole; and a cellar under the house. The house was painted white on we came to this place we have been prospered insomuch that we have everything to make us the outside and painted and varnished on the inside. comfortable that the heart of m a . could desire. Emily's journal describes their life in Nashville:lO I own one hundred and sixty acres of land here on the Mississippi river on which the village The people where we lived were friendly to plat of Nashville is situated, and forty acres one the Mormons and those who lived in Iowa had and a half miles back for which I have a warno trouble with any mob while we lived there. rantee deed. Of cattle a yoke of oxen three cows So the brethren h m Nawoo, came to our and a few young cattle comprises my whole house and vicinity for shelter. Sister Julia P. was stock. We have not done much farming this in Nawoo with four children and her husband summerbut shall raise enoughfor our own conin England having got a mission there just sumption Crops of corn and wheat are good. before the break up as it was called [the exodus Tho the summer months have been extremely from Nawoo] She was alone her neighbors dry. Wheat is now worth ox@ fifty cents per having fled she could not go without help and busheL Corn 25 cts. Flour $450. [sic] per cany the little girls who were too young to run Barrel. We have a good market here as it is the away from a furious mob. We heard how she first landing for Steam Boats, above the first was situated and S. P. [Samuel] started to obstruction to the navigation of the river in low relieve her if possible. He left home nearly water when Boats recive and discharge their night but got to where she was living time freight at this place. There are frequently five or enough to get her into a s W before daylight six Boats lying here at o x time. Within a few was enfirely gone. S. P. got to our house with rods of our door. them a little after midnight. And our house was so full I could hardly find a place to lay them Samuel Hoyt and A. B. Fuller live here and down to rest till morning. both have a hand some property. Amos B. built him a fine two story stone house last season and The next day, Samuel and Julia went back to Samuel is building a framed one this summer Nawoo for more of her belongings, but most were gone. which will cost him not much less than one At this time, Emily wrote that her home housed Daniel thousand dollars. Moses Martin and Geo. W . H. Wells and his family and friends, a "celebrated docGee my other two brothers-in-law are well off tor," Joseph Blish, who had sent for his wife, Julia, and

her four children, plus seven orphans whom she and Samuel were caring for. By then, her parents, Church Patriarch Asahel Smith and Betsey, brothers Elias and Silas, plus Martha and Hiram Bennett, had moved to IowaviUe; and other family members were in various westward locations. Emily's j o d tells of seeing the Nawoo Temple bum: "We could stand in our front door and see the Temple there standing and when that Temple was burned down the light awoke us both in the dead of the night." Emily also penned her preparations for leaving Nashville in the spring of 1851: During the winter S.P. had been to Iowaville and made arrangements for Elias to come to Nashville and take us up to Iowaville and also to furnish him with a team to move west Cattle were cheaper in the Country than on the river. S.P. had money and Br E. had Cattle so they were both accommodatedby this arrangement Br Silas and family Br H.B. Bennett and his family had gone the year previous to the place now lmown as Florence. and were there waiting for us to come and cross the plains with them. All were making calculations to go to Great Salt Lake in the summer of 185 1. The first of MarchElias wrote to know when he should come for us and find us ready to start. S.P. returned an answer immediately on the receipt of thisletter as we were nearly rearty and were anxious to get started. We had packed most of the things which we intended to cany. That is those we had in the house. We were waiting for some things to be shipped from St. Louis and expected to find inKeokuk. They had not arrived. We made some purchases of things inKeokuk and returned home. We wanted to get new table dishes and went down in a skiE on the river so as not to break the dishes. Keokuk was eight miles below Nashville. The Weather was fine when we left home but became cloudy in the afternoon and we started immediately after getting the dishes etc. We had purchased a full tea set of the best china very pretty. Also a breakfast and dinner set of stone china and superior quality, with casters etc, glass ware and candlesticks &C, &C, all of which we put in the skiff and started for home. We got fairly under

way when the rain began to fall rapidly, we were on the well known Mississippi rapids and the wind soon turned partly against us. After we left Keokuk there was no good stopping place on the river till we got near home. So we must proceed rain or no rain The dishes of course n would not dissolve. But we had rice coffee a d sugar such articles would not be benefitted by being rained o n The storm impeded our progress and it was dadc before we could get near home. However we went on slowly and with =culty the m.inabated and it was lighter after a while. About midnight we got home well drenched with rain. The things were but little the worse for all the rain. I had done all I could to keep them dry.The dishes came to the valley unbroken They are now in pieces. Dishes books etc, were mostly packed excepting a few reserved with some paper, pens, and i k on n which to take down items on the road.
As previously indicated, the Hoyt family lived peacefully among friendly non-Mormons for eleven years. Emily recorded on 23 April 1851 that upon final loading of wagons and gathering of animals, the neighbors came in to say goodbye. "They had been in the habit of coming innearly every day for sometime not knowing when we could get started. Father who was now gone, mother whom they all knew when alive, and all our folks had left from this very point Br E was an old friend whom all respected who knew him In anticipation of this time I had written some poetry."

FAREWELLTO NASHVILLE Farewell! to Nashville and to Lee Where I have dwelt for years; Thy various changes have to me, Varied with succeeding years. Here, once I met my kindred near The day oft spent with joy, The evening smile, we crowned here Unmingled with alloy. My kindred now, are scattered wide On this revolving sphere; U~umbered lengths, now us divide, I, only, am left here.

Nor yet on earth, in lengthy mile, l Is al the banier now; The gate of Death, has opened thrice, And we have had to bow. Two fathers and one mother's leff This world of care and strife; And gone to reap, among the just The labors of this life. My own dear father, once the joy of Friends who circled round; Has gone, where saints, will find employ Till, God the trump shall sound Near him my mothel; by whose side, In youth, we loved to bow; She cordials for our wants could find Till death was on her brow. Though near, where eastern waters flow My husbands father dwelc I loved him well, and felt the blow We have no father left The Neighbors, whom I left behind When first I came to Lee Are this day in their graves conf~ned, But few are left to me. Here, Nashville neighbors too, have died And gone to their long rest Fathers and mothers side by side, Have weeping orphans left. Many, have sold possessions nigh An other home to find; O'er prairies wide and mountains high Among the western wilds. My neighbors, who are with me here And those whom once I had; Have joined with me, in circles near, Where not one heart was sad Here I have ever sought to cheer, The sick and the distressed, To check the course of falling tears And ne'er i n distress.

Here I have borne, with tboughts oppressed And laid near to my h e . The babe, from its dead mothers breast, With whom, 'twas hard to part Here too, in Nashville I have tried, My duty to discharge To guide, and guard the youthful minds Of orphans in my charge. Here I have also, been a m r ak For slanders poison's dart; From those who act not well their part, In good and useful arts.

I heed no power of art or skill From those who untruths tell; Who go about from hill, to hill, And tattle in the dell.
Here I have drank the mingled cup, O sorrow and of joy; f Were I to count, the changes up 'Twould give me longemploy.
And now I leave these scenes awhile How long I cannot tell; I'd love to visit every clime Where mortal man can dwell.

Farewell! to every friend now here Though Farewell gives me pain; If I can often from you hear, I will cheer my heatt again Farewell! to you my little girls Whom I have lov'd so well; Walk up the hill of science girls, In wisdom to excel. Farewell! aunt Jane" to you this time 'Tis due from me to you; I've shar'd your kindness many times Shall long remember you Farewell to every neighbor near Whom I shall leave behind; Where titles bad and lawsuits here Do sorely, vex your minds.

Please? leave! these naked hills and gulphs Tbe [unclear] man hath unclothed; And rains which, washed he vales and bluffs Caused ruins yet untold.

Come follow me across the plains! Select your choice of land; No foibled titles there to claims, There's none from Uncle Sam!
Adieu! that house I've lov'd to keep To yonder house so white; 'Twas attick high and cellar deep Ten rooms well filled with light. Often has every room been fdled And every hearth shone bright; Long! give the comforts, I have shared, Let strangers bless your light. Adieu! yon ever rolling tide How long, how deep, how wide! From windows near, at evening tide I've seen thee gently glide. When the fair moon o'er Eastern hills, Sent forth her clearest light; And mirror'd on thy face, was still Umumber'd smaller lights. Adieu! Steam boats on this river At evening, morn, or noon; How often have you called in summer? For fuel, and for food. Your! wheels are mostly made of wood, And roll by power of steam; We leave in carriage covered good, 'Twill roll by power of team" Nashville April 17th 1851 Written in Lee County, Iowa by Emily S. Hoyt Other autobiographies,journals, and reminiscences make brief mention of Mormons living in Nashville. George W. Taggart and Harriet Atkins Bruce Taggaxt lived in Nawoo with their baby, Eliza Ann, who was born 28 January 1844. Harriet died the following month,

and, on 6 July 1845, George manied Fanny Parks. George was a member of the Nawoo Legion As such, is he was called as a guard for the artillery in the f r tcompany that left Nawoo in the Febnrary 1846 exodus. Fanny and Eliza Ann were left in the care of John Mills, in the hopes that F a n q could sell their property. Because of the unsafe conditions in Nawoo, Mills moved his family, as well as Fanny and Eliza Ann, to Nashville.12
Fanny later wrote:

I was unable to sell anything, so was left on Brother Mill's hands. When the call came for fwe hundred of the best men to go into the battalion, my husband was one of them. I was still back there, and it seemed to me to be awfully hard on me. I had no one to look after me or help and not a penny of my own Brother Mills was very kind to me and did all in his power to make me comfortable. He told me if he was able to bring his own famdy out, he would bring me also, but he had neither team nor wagon, and no one to help him, as the children were all small. It was very discouraging.
Through the help of Sister Mills's father, Fanny and Eliza Ann were able to leave Nashville and travel to the Bluffs, where George Taggart found them after his service in the Battalion was over. Another person who lived briefly in Nashville is Chapman Duncan He joined the Church in Jackson County, Missouri, and then became actively involved in the trials of the Saints in Adam-ondi-Ahmau and Far West On 2 1May 1838, Chapman manied Rebscca Rose at Log Creek, Missouri. Later, fleeing to escape one of the mobs, he left Rebecca at Log Creek with her parents, traveled to S t Louis, and then crossed the Mississippi and went to Alton, Illinois, where h stayed with friends : from his native state of New Hampshire. Rebecca joined him there t e following spring. In May 1839, he and h Rebecca went to the lower rapids, east of the Mississippi River, w h e he tried to farm; but his bealth was poor and ~ the work was hard. Chapman recalled:

In July, Bishop Knight came to me and gave me a chance to go to Iowa at Nashville four miles from Nawoo. I built a house that season Did considerable business for the bish-

op. Next summer gave my house and lot to the church worth $200.00. In May moved to Nawoo. In August moved to Keosqua Tarried one winter, moved to Montrose in the fall. L v d there two winters and in the fall my wife ie died and two children, they being the youngest.13 He and his remaining children later moved back into Nawoo to live. W a d e Mace is one of the Saints living in Nawoo in the fall of 1846. H autobiography tells of the condii s tions in the fall of 1846 before the fighting known as the "Battle of Nauvoo" and mentions going to Nashville for help to get his family ready to leave. Mace says:l4 One of the committee, A. W. Babbitt wishing to please and assist the "New Citizens," (who were moving into Nawoo) in the coming election called a meeting in the temple for, said he, " want to talk to the brethren" At this meetI ing he advised them to stay in Nawoo until after the election which was close by and 'tote with the new citizens." He said "it was a dish of sugar," something else not so nice, but advised them to take it He expected to gain some political advantage by i t He urged them farther by saying if they went across the river they would starve to death, and to prevent their going he took possession of the ferry boat and got it out of the way so it was impossible for the brethren to cross the river, although they were encamped on the river bank with their wives and children in wagons and tents awaiting their turn to be femed across.

preparing. I found a man living at Nashville a he little town on the Iowa side of the river, t r e or four miles below Montrose; who had a flat boat which was sunk in the river. He said if I could raise it I could have the use of it. I went to work and with the assistance of Brother C r i E. uts Bolton and some others of the brethren, we raised and used if and got our families across the river. Others made good use of t i opportuhs nity also. My family consisted of myself, my wife and four children; John, E m , Jane and George. I had two yoke of oxen and a wagon and what things we could carry in the wagon I left house and lof and the furniturein the house unsold. Tbe river was very low at this time and I waded most of the way across guiding the boat to keep it from going too far down stream Where the water was to deep for me to wade I jumped into the boat until we came to shallow water, when I again got out and waded to guide the boat We started from the Nawoo House and landed a mile and a half below Montrose. I drove my wagon up the river and camped about a quarter of a mile below Montrose. One of the brethren had engaged a job of work for me upon a flat-boat, that was to be fitted up for a boarding house. I had worked upon this job only a few days when some of the brethren came over in a skiff from Nawoo, after me. The mob was preparing to come against Nauvoo and the committee sent for me to plan some means of defense. I got into the skiE and returned with them. Nashville was not home to another Latter-day Saint, Luman Shurtliff, but was a blessing to him in another way. Shurtliff moved to Illinois from Missouri in May 1839, settling in Lima The following April, he relocated his family to Nauvoo. The sketch of his life's describes numerous missions he went on for the Church In the spring of 1841, he again prepared to serve as a missionary. He recalled his desire to serve in this capacity. He also described his meager substance and belongings and the manner in which he was blessed by a member of the Church from Nashville, which enabled him to go on the desired mission:

The farmers on the Iowa side of the river were wanting help to harvest their grain Elder
Hyde was writing, urging the brethren to get over the river while Babbitt sneering, remarked "I [guess] Old Hyde's getting religion" Instead of using his influence to have the people comply with the council of an Apostle he laid every obstacle in the way to prevent them from complying.

I listened to his remarks but I concluded, I for one would not take the "dish" he was

I was now employed to teach the school which helped me to school my children and at the same time to procure wood and provisions. I had a large school and taught widows and orphans free. The Lord blessed me and I got through the winter very well.

I was preparing to pmch the gospel to my relatives and fiiends in Ohio which I had been trying to do for two years.
On the 6th of April, 1841, with several others, I was called upon to take a mission east I went home feeling a desire to comply with the requirements but I was short of clothing. My coat was threadbare and my pants patched on the knee and other clothes scarcely suitable to appear among the Saints at home and to go into the congregations of t e gentiles with patched h clothing, I would have but little influence. It had been three years since I had an opportunity of laboring for the benefit of my family and have traveled most of the time. I have spent much in moving my family from place to place, and buying a house and lot in Kirtland and farm in Missouri besides assisting many others in building up the kingdom of God. All this I rejoice in and am thaddkl that I had something to do with. Neither am I sorry I have hn, done as I have in this t i g although I am in low circumstances. While thus engaged in thought, two young brethren fiom Nashville, Iowa came in to stay with me overnight. In the evening in speaking of my going on a mission, I observed my pants were rather worn but I would do the best I could. One of them, David Sela, said to me, "If you will come over to Nashville and preach to us, I will give you a pair of pants." I told him I knew of no other way to get them and I would go. On the 18th [April 18411 I went, stayed over Sunday, preached twice and on Monday morning bought me cloth for a pair of pants. My wife made them and I was well pleased.

toward the west. However, the town remained and continued to develop under the non-Mormon settlers. Beginning in 1869, the Des Moines Rapids Canal was constructed. This canal, finished in 1877, extended from Nashville to Keokuk T e canal had three locks-one at h Nashville, one a little south of Sandusky, and one at Keokuk. Oldtimers in Galland recall the townspeople gathexing on the hillside above the Nashville lock on summer evenings to watch the boats. The canal opened up new vistas to the Iowa settlements. A summer resort was built high on the b l e , about a mile and a half above Nashville. Excursion boats, featuring fine eating, dancing, and lodging, ran on the canal. New sawmills were built to handle the increasing number of logs rafted down from Mi~eSota Wisconsin and Along the river near Nashville was a breeding spot for mussels. Stories have been passed down of clamming for the mussels, along with the necessary equipment and techniques, putting them on a sorting table to s k , cleaning out the meat to be used as f ~ bait, and washing t e h h shells, which were sent to one of several button factories located on the river.

In 1900, NashvilldGalland boasted of two grocery stores, a post office, an ice house, a saloon, a number of boarding houses, and a button factory. Street names on the town plat included F m d b , Washington, Marion, Liberty, Broadway, Wall, Harrison, Union, Jefferson, M i , and Water. When the dam was completed in an Keokuk in 1913, Nashville was inundated with water, wiping out the school, church, stores, and most of the houses. Those houses remaining above the water line were renamed Galland, after the first settler, Isaac Galland.

The exodus from Nawoo also affected the Monnon communities on the west of the river. There, too, the Saints gradually left their homes and began the trek








1839-43 Courtesy of the LDS Historical Department Used by permission
= rebaptized, # baptized, *indicates that individuals are

also found in Appendix B.
Martha Adam= David Bennett, elder* Joanna Bennett* Laura Bennett# Alfred Bell, HP Eli BilVBell# Eliza Bell William J. Bennett HP Elisabeth Bennett Thomas M. Bennett Margaret Bennett Mary J Bennett# Hiram B. Bennett, ord Elder 1843#* Mrh Bennett# ata Eleanor Bennett# Claiborne E. Bell# William M. Bell# George Bennetf died 1842# M e n B. Boren Thomas Corbit, removed to Nawoo Hannah Corbit 1842 do Mary Corbit do do Edward Cook William R. Cole* Sarepta panish] Cole* Alva Hancock Priest= Thomas Dutton* John Dehart Chilion Daniels, elder Abraham Day elder Almira Day= Olive Eames# Abigail Eames# Ellis Eames, e l d e ~ Haniett Eames= Mariette Eames= Amos B. Fuller elder* Esther [Smith] Fuller* Jesse J. Fulled* Luther Fuller teacher

1843 do 1843 do do do do 184112

1841 do [ditto] do do do 1842 do do do do do 1840 1843 1841 do do 1842 do do 1843 1842 1841 1842 1843 do 1841/42 1842 1843 1843 do 1839 do

Curry Furguson C t a i e Furguson ahrn Philip W. Furguson# Thomas E. Fuller, elder Sally Ann Fuller Caroline Fuller Ovanda Fuller James Y Green, elder F m e s Green Ann Green Adelia Green Luman Gibbs and Philena Gibbs moved away without Letters LusterILeister Gaylord, elder moved to Nawoo Pow Gaylord do John Gaylord, baptised in Nawoo# Mary J. [Smith] Gee Lois Hendrix Elizabeth Hinson Emily S. [Smith] Hoyt* Samuel P. Hoyt#* Alva Hancock, p r i e s William King Alexander Kelley Mary Kelley Sophronia Kelley# Alexander Kelley# William Kelley George Kelley Nathan Lewis, pries, ord Elder 1842 Rebecca Lewis Eliza Lewis Margaret Lane= Moses Martin, elder Julia P. [Smith] M r i * atn SarahMamn Esther Martin Ruth Martin John Mills Jane Mills Sarah E. Mills Maain Mills William Moore John McIntyre# John A. McIntosh, elder Nancy A. McIntosh Nancy J. McIntosh Cornelius Z. McIntosh

Joshua Mecham, elder Pamela Mecham Edward Mecham, elder Irena Mecham Roxana Mecham Ephraim Mecham, elder Polly Mecham Pamela Mecham Moses Mecham, elder Elvira Mecham Clinton Mecham Sarah Mecham Samuel Mecham Polly Mecham Joseph Mecham sen, elder Phebe Mecham Samuel M. Mecham Jeremiah E. Mecham Alexander Noble William R. Orten, elder Rebecca Orten Elizabeth Orten [Smith]# Squire Orten William Owens# James Ogle, elder William Parr, elder, removed to Nawoo George Peacock Sarah Peacock Rebecca Panish Heruy Panish William R. Panis4 elder Lucena Parish Mary Pettit [Seely] #* do Richard Pettit John Proctor, teacher William Rees Mary AM Rees Elizabeth Rees Jane R e es Nicholas Runyaa, ord priest Emily Runyan Asahel Smith, elder* Betsey Smith* Elias Smith elder* Silas Smith, ordained elder 1843* Martha Smith [Bennett]* Justus A. Seeley Mehittabel Seeley William S. Seeley*

Elbbeth Seeley#* Justus W. Seeley* David Seeley* John Sagers, teacher Sarah Sagers Almon W. Sherwood Amanda Sherwin AM Steadwell= Amos Tubbs Lucinda Tubbs Amanda Tubbs Esther Tyler James A P. Qler Eliza A. Tyler James L Thompson, elder Matilda willis] Thompson Cyrus H. Wheelock, elder* Olive panish] Wheelock* James Whaley, elder Abigail Whaley M e n Whaley#* William W. Wfis elder* Margaret Willis* Sophia Wjman, removed to Nawoo 1842 John Wheeler, elder, ord 1842 Martha Wheeler Merrill Wheeler Henry Wheeler Thomas Wheeler Richard Withnell Mary W h n , c o l o d woman= on one of the back pages: Joshua Thomas Willis, Hamilton Co. Ill Docia Willis, do do

AIJlJendix B MORMONS KNOWN TO HAVE LIVED IN NASKVILLE, IOWA sources in bmckets listed at end of the list * indicates persons not found in the previous group
Bennett, David: md. Joanna Lovell, 25th Quorum of Seventies, lived in Nashville. [SQ Bennett, Hiram Bell: md. 17 Aug 1845, Nashville, Lee, Iowa [SEB; NDN Bennett, Martha Smith: md. 17 Aug 1845,

Nashville, Lee, Iowa [SEB; NDMJ Cole, William Riley Cole, Sr. Cole, Nancy Syrepta Parrish Cole, Nathan Owen: b. 3 Jn 1841, Quincy, Adams, Illinois. [SEB]* Cole, Henry Strong: b. 8 Oct 1842, Nashville, Jackso9 Iowa [SEBI* Cole, Hynun Smith: b. 8 Oct 1842, Nashville, Jackson, Iowa [SEBI* Cole, Sarah Rebecca: b. 1 Apr 1844, Nashville, Jackson, Iowa [SEB]* Duncan, Chapman [CDA] Duncan, Rebecca Rose [CDA] Dutton, Thomas: 22nd Quorum of Seventies. Lived in Nashville. [SQ]

Murphy, Joseph Harris: md. Sarah Ann Mcintosh, . Farmer in Nancy Minema Porch, Jane Nashville, Iowa; 9th Quorum of Seventies. [SQ Pettit, Ethan [SEB]* Pettit, Margaret Ellsworth [SEBI* Pettit, Ma&ildxb. 4 Apr 1837, Hempstead, Queens, New York. [SEBI* Pettit, Mary AM: b. 18 Dec 1839, Long Island, Queens, New York [SEBI* Pettit, James E.: b. 25 Jun 1842, Nashville, Lee, Iowa [SEBI* Pettit, Margaret: b. 1 May 1844, Nashville, Lee, Iowa [SEBI* Seely, Justus Wellington: b. 1815 to Justus Azel Seely and Mehitable Bennett. 23rd Quonun of Seventies. Lived in Nashville. &DSBio, vol. 4, p. 463; SEB; SQ]

Seely, Clarissa Jane Wdax [LDSBio, vol. 4, p. 463; Fuller, Amos Botsford [SEB] SEB]* Fuller, Esther Victoria Smith [SEB] Seely, Orange: b. 20 Feb 1843, Nashville, Lee, Fuller, Jesse Johnson: b. 1 June 1835, Stockholm, Iowa &DSBio, vol. 4, p.463; PPMJ St. Lawrence, New York [SEBI* Seely, Sarah: b. 10 Apr 1844, Nashville, Lee, Iowa ay Fuller, Mr Adelix b. Aug 1835, Fredericksburg, Clay, Missouri. [SEB]* [SDI Seely, Don Carlos : b. 4 Jan 184618, Nashville, Lee, Fuller, LubernLivonia: b. 9/19 Dec 1840,Nashville, Lee, Iowa. [SEB/PPMJ* Iowa, d. [SEB] Fuller, Sophina Alcesta: b. 5 May 1843, Nashville, Seely, David Randolf: b. 1819, to Justus Azel Seely Lee, Iowa. [SEBI* and Mehitable Bennett. Md. Mary Pettit. 9th Quorum of Seventies. Lived in Nashville. [SQ vol. 1, p. 63]* Goff, James [ TS, Goff, Polly P S , vol. 1, p. 63]* Goff, Martha Elen: d 13 Aug 1839, Nashville, Lee, Seely, William Stewart [SEB] Seely, Elizabeth DeHart [SEB] Iowa, aged 7 months and 25 days. [TS, voL 1,p. 63]* Seely, Emily: b. 2 Nov 1845, Nashville, Lee,Iowa Goff, Margeret Elizabeth: d. 12 Sep 1839,Nashville, Lee, Iowa, aged 5 years 5 months and 15 days. vol. [=I 1, p. 63]* Smith, Asahel: Brother of Joseph Smith, f o d Patriarch of the Church [SEB; LDSBio WI. 1, p. 182; Hoyt, Samuel Pierce Hoyt [ESH] Hoyt, Emily Smith PSH] ESH] Smith, ElizabetbBetsey Schellenger [SEB; ESH] Martin, Julia Priscilla Smith and four children Smith, Elias PDSBio, vol. 1, p. 718.; ESH] PSHI Smith,Lucy Brown [ LDSBio, vol. 1, p. 718; ESH]* More, Mathew Jr.: md. 19 Oct 1843, N a s M e , Lee, Iowa 18th Quorum of Seventies. [SEB; NDM;SQ* Smith, Silas [SEB; ESH] More, Adalaide Mri: Smith, Elizabeth Orton [SEB; atn md 19 Oct 1843,Nashville, ESH] Lee, Iowa. [SEB; NDMJ* Smith, Silas Marion: b. 17 Apr 1845,Nashville, Lee, Iowa [SEB]


Taggarf Fanny Parks [OPHI Taggarf Eliza Ann [OPW


BYU-S: Baclanaq Milton V Jr., e d in cooperation with Keith W Perkins. Writings of B I y Latter-ahy . Thompson, Samuel [SEBI* Saints and Their Contemporaries, A Data Base Thompson, Mary Anderson [SEBI* Thompson, Almond Worthy: b. 9 Mar 1839, CoLIection (Provo: Religious Studies Center, Brigham Young University, 1996). Nashville, Lee, Iowa [SEBI* Thompson, James Lewis [SEB; PPW CDA: Duncan, Chapman. "Autobiography," typescript B W Special Collections. Thompson, Matilda Delila W~ [SEB] Thompson, John David: b. 15 Oct 1838, AdamESH: Hoyt, Emily Smith "Reminiscences and Ondi-Ahman, Davies, Missouri. [SEB]* Thompson, Leah Jane: b. 1 Dec 1840, Nawoo, Diaries," microfilm copy in the LDS Historical Department, Archives Division. Hancock, Illinois. [SEB]* Thompson, Lucy Lucretia: b. 24 Dec 1842, Nashville, Lee, Iowa [SEBI* LDSBio: Jenson, Andrew. LDS Biographical Thompson, John Orson: b. 8 Dec 1844, Nashville, EncycIopeedia. 4 401s. Salt Lake City: Western Epics, 1971 Lee, Iowa. [SEB; PPW* Wells, Daniel H. and family pSH]* Whaley, Allen: b. 1825. 9th Quorum of Seventies. Farmer in Nashville. [SQ] Wheelock, Cyms Hibbard: 4th Quorum of Seventies. Farmer in Nashville. [SEB; SQ] Wheelock, Olive Panish [SEB] Wheelock, Asa Natha: b. 13 Jul 1835 [SEBI* Wheelock, Brittanicus: b. 13 Apr 183719 [SEBI* Wheelock, Henry Alphonzo: b. 28 Nov 1843, Nashville, Lee, Iowa [SEB]*

NDM:Cook, Lyndon W., comp. Nawm Death and Mamamages 1839-1#5 Orem: Grandin Book, 1994
OPH: Carter, Kate B., comp. Our Pioneer Henetage, 20 vols. Salt Lake City: Daughters of Utah Pioneers, 1958-1977. PPM: Esshom, Frank, comp. Pioneers and Romnent Men of Utah. Salt Lake City: Western Epics, Inc.,1966. SEB: Black, Susan Easton, comp. Membershp of the Church of 3 m C h s t of l;atter-&ySaints, 1830k s 1848, 50 vols. Provo, Utah: Religious Studies Center, Brigham Young University, 1989.

Willis, Wfiam Wesley, Sr. WSBio, vol. 2, p. 218; SEB] Willis, Margaret Jane FDSBio, vol. 2, p. 218; SEB] SQ: Black, Harvey Bischoff, comp. Seven@ Willis, Ann Cheny: b. 14 Feb 1834, McLeansboro, Quonnn Membersh;D, 1835-1846: An Annotated h&x Hamilton, Illinois. [SEBI* of Ovm3,500 Seventies Organized into the First Z?wtyWillis, John Henry: b. 22 Apr 1835, McLeansboro, Five Quorums of the Seventies io M a n 4 Oluo, and Hamilton, Illinois. [SEBI* Nawoo, Irlinois~rovo: Infobases, Inc., 1996). Willis, Mary Lucretia: b. 18 Mar 1837, McLeansboro, Hamilton, Illinois. [SEBI* TS: Times and Seasons, vol. 1, Church of Jesus Willis, Thomas Tillman: b. 27 Apr 1842, Montrose, Christ of Latter-day Saints. Lee, Iowa. [SEBI* W i s , Josephine: b. 29 Feb 1844, Montrose, Lee, NOTES Iowa [SEBI* Willis, William Wesley: b. 14 May 1846, Nashville, 1. Nelson C. Roberts and S. W Moorhead, eds. . Lee,Iowa. [LDSBio, vol. 2, p. 218; SEB;PPW* Stoq o f k C m t Iowa,vol. 1 (Chicago: The S. J. ~ Clarke Publishing Company, 1914), 55-59, 104-105.

2. I wish to thank Helen Fowler of Montrose, Iowa, for fumishmg information on early NashvilldGalland, including newspaper clippings, letters, pictures, reminiscences, and maps. The Evenhg Democrat, Fort Madison, Iowa, 4 October 1940, detailed the history of Galland's first school house and the dedication (and photograph) of the replica. 3. Jennings' detailed description of that frt school is house, written forty-four years later, made it possible for the residents of Galland to construct a replica of t e h school in October 1940. Today, the Galland School Historic Site is owned by the Iowa Department of Natural Resources. The newly paved Mississippi River Road and bicycle path have made the site more accessible t a in the past Plans for the spring of 1996 includhn ed a fence around the school, a parking lot, portable toilet, and landscaping. Also, new signs were to be installed this year, telling the history of NashvilldGalland. In addition to collecting historical information of Galland, the Natural Resource board also has obtained an original chair that belonged to Dr. Galland and that was used in the school as well as other personal Galland artifacts. 4. For concise information and map on the lands in the Half Breed Tract in Iowa, see Stanley B. Kimball's

ten by the Prophet in his journal history. They were taken from the journal of John Smith and are included in footnotes in the & o y of the C6m4 4: 182. tr 7. rimes and Seasons, voL 1, no. 11,173-74.

9. The letter, enclosed in glass, belongs to James Kimball of the LDS Church Historical Department Library. It was given to his father by a member of the Smith family.

ml 10. E i y Smith Hoyt reminiscences and diaries, microfilm copy in the LDS Historical Department, Archives Division 11. Aunt Jane was a black woman who had been a slave. A white man had bought her and afterwards married her, and they raised a large family.
12. The account of Eliza Ann Taggart Goodridge is found in Kate B. Carter's, Our Pioneer Hen'bge, vol. 15, pp. 294-95. Fanny Parks Taggart's autobiography is located in Ourpioneer H&iage, vol. 19, p. 351.

13. Chapman Duncan Autobiography, typescript "Eastern Iowan in &tan'calAtlas of Monnomnrsra, edit- BW-S, pp. 9-10. ed by S. Kent Brown, Donald Q. Cannon, and Richard H. Jackson (Simon & Schuster, Inc., 1994), 58-59. 14. Wandle Mace Autobiography, as told to his wife, Rebecca E.Howell Mace., BW-S, pp. 200-201. 6. This enuy and the following entry were not writ15. Luman Andros Shurtliff Autobiography, BYUS, p. 47.

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