CIRCUIT LAYOUT OF A HOUSE

PHYSICS 2 PROJECT

SUBMITTED BY

JOHN GERWIN DE LAS ALAS BIT43

SUBMITTED TO

Miss GERALDINE C. ZAMORA Physics Studies Department De la Salle University- Dasmariñas

MARCH 2011

John Gerwin De las Alas, BIT43

Three way switches will be noted on the House Plans along with any switched receptacles. The device will sense a shorted circuit condition and interrupt the circuit by tripping the breaker. Inside these panels. lights. This is accomplished with approximately equal power transfer       John Gerwin De las Alas. depending on the device. and furnaces. A lighting circuit might have as many as six lights in different rooms on one circuit.I. The overall new house plans should give a complete view of everything. inside panel. The house plans will show the location of the outside service. and any disconnects. There can be more than one device on a circuit. These circuits will also be noted when complete on the inside of the circuit panel door in the house. If the current exceeds the rating of the breaker. Breaker A breaker is a electrical device used to protect electrical circuits from overload. PROJECT DESCRIPTION This project is serves as project for John Gerwin De las Alas (BIT43). Transformer An electrical device that converts alternating voltages and currents from one value to another (either up or down).  Two Gang Box Two-gang box is an electrical House Blueprint term that refers to an electrical box that will hold two switches or receptacles. Breakers are rated in the maximum amperage (20 amp) they will allow to pass. There are inside distribution panels. Receptacles are normally on separate circuits than lights and other devices. taught by Miss Geraldine C. to express the lessons that he learned in the subject Physics 2 Electromagnetism. In order to turn the circuit back on.  Electrical Plan The House Blueprint Term Electrical Plan is a detailed drawing of all outlets. which distribute 120 volt circuits throughout the house. House Blueprint GFCI Ground Fault Circuit Interrupter This receptacle device is used as an added safety feature to help prevent electrical shock. the breaker will have to be reset. There are outside electrical panels that contain mainly 220-volt circuits such as mains. House Blueprint Ground Ground is an electrical term that refers to the groundside of an electrical circuit. BIT43 . The circuit might be made up. stove. with different devices such as bathroom fan. it will trip the breaker. House Blueprint Electrical Panel House Plan Term Electrical panel is a metal enclosure use to distribute electrical power. there should be labels that show each circuit. House Blueprint Circuit Circuit refers to individual wires that make up electrical paths for current in a house. and switches in a house. The circuits are normally numbered on a set of plans. The breaker can be a part of the receptacle or be installed as a breaker in the house electrical panel. All GFCI breakers have a test button to test the device. as the example shows. and ceiling fan. Zamora in the class of BCS32. When the button is pressed the breaker should trip and pop out. These circuits are set up based on the device and the amount of current. The location of all lights will be shown on the house plans and it should note if there would be any specialty switching such as dimmers. light.

thermocouples. or even through a vacuum as in electron or ion beams. A term formerly used for direct current was galvanic current. Positive charges may also be mobile in the form of atoms in a lattice that are missing electrons (known as holes). which interrupts t he circuit in which it is connected. or in the form of ions. Insulator Also called a dielectric. Ammeters must have relatively low resistance. The term also refers to insulating supports that attach electric power transmission wires to utility poles or pylons. insulators.    John Gerwin De las Alas. alternating currents are measured.. and commutator-type electric machines of the dynamo type. different waveforms are used. but can also be throughsemiconductors. the movable charged particles are electrons (see electrical conduction). Conductor Is a material that contains movable electric charges. Direct current is produced by such sources as batteries. Their function is to support or separate electrical conductors without allowing current through themselves. such as copper or aluminum. In metallic conductors. In insulating materials valence electrons are tightly bonded to their atoms. These materials are used in electrical equipment as insulators or insulation. such as in the electrolyte of a battery. Ammeters used in audits are portable and are designed to be easily attached and removed.  Direct Current DC is the unidirectional flow of electric charge.  Semiconductor Is a material with electrical conductivity due to electron flow (as opposed to ionic conductivity) intermediate in magnitude between that of a conductor and an insulator. The usual waveformof an AC power circuit is a sine wave.(i. overload or device failure is often the reason for excessive current. an important goal is often the recovery of information encoded (or modulated) onto the AC signal.  Alternating Current AC is the form in which electric power is delivered to businesses and residences. is a material that resists the flow of electric charge. Fuse A type of sacrificial overcurrent protection device. BIT43 . solar cells. the current is decreased a proportionate amount). The electric charge flows in a constant direction. and are put in series or clamped around. if the voltage is increased. ammeters are used. such astriangular or square waves. In these applications. For most audits. which resist the flow of electric current.e. Direct current may flow in a conductor such as a wire. Audio and radio signals carried on electrical wires are also examples of alternating current.  Ammeter and Voltmeter To measure electrical currents. Its essential component is a metal wire or strip that melts when too much current flows. Insulators are non-conducting materials with fewer mobile charges. distinguishing it from alternating current (AC). Short circuit. In certain applications.

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Electrons can move from one atom to another in a flow. 8th Edition http://www.Electromagnetism can be use in everything day to day experiences even in our course we can use our knowledge that we have gain in this subject such as basics in our hardware components of our computers that we use. electricity has steadily evolved from a scientific curiosity. light bulbs. They help many things to function. neutron and electron.house-wiring-plans. As you know. a current of electricity is created. political. Atoms are made up of three smaller particles. Protons form a positive charge and electrons a negative charge. such as waking up at a designated time or enjoying a piece of music. The nucleus is made up of neutrons and protons. Physics 2. Fans. food spoils in refrigerators x to accurately observe how power-dependent our society has become.html Efficient Electrical Systems Design Handbook 2009 Electrical Engineer's Reference Book (7Summits) Engineering . Electricity is made up of atoms. to a modern need. burning crude oil makes electricity.html John Gerwin De las Alas.III. As I have mentioned earlier. or nucleus. electricity is a constantly developing technology. CONCLUSION AND RECOMMEDATIONS In my observations. One only needs to consider the consequences of a relatively short power outage x factories close down. If we take a look at your house. computer.Another disadvantage is that because burning crude oil makes it. it causes pollution to the environment. to name a few. IV. In today's culture. But crude oil is a limited resource. And also in our home physics are also very useful to make comfort in our life. air-conditioners and many other things cannot function without electricity. are accomplished currently via electronic means. This means that it may run out in the future. phones and computers go dead.constructionjargon. If we don't use electricity wisely. televisions. When these move between atoms. air conditioner etc. it has been shaped by a variety of non-technological factors: economic. of atoms. The charge is passed from one atom to another when electricity is passed. BIBLIOGRAPHIES http://www. traffic slows to a crawl. ovens. there might not be any electricity in the future. you will see that different devices need electricity in order to work? Electricity is needed for television. However.com/Electrical_Layout_Residential.A Pragmatic Introduction To The Art Of Electrical Engineering Serway . to a luxury of the affluent.com/Basic_House_Wiring_Diagram. social. electricity is a vital part of functioning as a society. Advantages and Disadvantages I'm sure you know the advantages of electricity. Electricity from batteries keeps your car running and makes your flashlights shine in the dark. Electrons spin around the center. The three main particles are protons. Neutrons do not have a positive or negative charge. and environmental. In the past century and a half.Physics for Scientists. Without electricity we cannot live. Simple tasks. in the same way the moon spins around the earth. and the aspects one currently associates with electricity and electricity generation are nowhere close to the original features. also at the same time increasing the speed of global. This is how a current of electricity is created. Along the way. BIT43 . Like that electricity passes along a wire and circuit. One electron is attached and another electron is lost.But I don't think you know much about the disadvantages of electricity.

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