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AS/NZS4600

This releasenote explains the AS/NZS4600 design code in Steel Designer.

Contents:

AS/NZS4600...................................................................................................................... 1 Contents:........................................................................................................ 1 Setting Properties..................................................................................................... 2 Bending.................................................................................................................... 4 Tension .................................................................................................................... 7 Compression ............................................................................................................ 8 Unbraced Length ........................................................................................... 8 Combined Actions ................................................................................................. 10 Design Properties................................................................................................... 11 Steel Grade ............................................................................................................ 12 Code Checks .......................................................................................................... 13 Design Checking Procedure ........................................................................ 13 References ............................................................................................................. 14

Page 1

Each end of restraints the member is fully restrained at both flanges. length Lateral The lateral restraints acting on the member. s2 The distance between the first and the second stiffener. Variable Description Default Name Value Fy Yield strength of the section's steel 250Mpa Fu Ultimate Tensile Strength of the section's steel 320Mpa Kx Effective length factor for buckling about the section's 1. grade of steel etc. each flange has 8/4 = 2 stiffeners. no No.0 strong axis Ky Effective length factor for buckling about the section's 1. Although most of the design variables are pre-set to the most commonly used values. Assume that all stiffeners have the 0. for a back-to-back C section with 8 stiffeners. 0. There are a number of design variables which are used when doing checking to the code. length Lcy Unbraced length for preventing column buckling about member's the section’s weak axis.0 (ie less Assume that all stiffeners on a web or flange are than 3 symmetric to the centre line of the element. No. you will probably want to enter the design information for at least some of the members in the frame that you wish to check. This is either the total number of stiffeners) stiffeners stiffeners on the web(s) or the total number of stiffeners on the flange(s). This information can either be entered in the Frame window. 0 Flange Holes Page 2 .Steel Designer AS4600 Setting Properties Before performing design checks. Assume that all stiffeners on a web or flange are stiffeners) symmetric to the centre line of the element. of The number of holes in the flanges of the section. You set design variables by selecting the members you wish to change and then choosing the appropriate command from the Design menu. eg. so each flange has 8/2 = 4 stiffeners.e. by selecting members and using the commands under the Design menu.0 (ie no same length regardless of whether they are web stiffeners stiffeners) or flange stiffeners s1 Edge distance between the first stiffener and the element 0. for a C section with 8 stiffeners on flanges. it is necessary to enter basic design data such as effective length. or it can be entered in tabular form in the Design Details tab of the Data window.0 (ie no edge. However. of Number of stiffeners. ds Length of stiffeners.0 weak axis Lcx Unbraced length for preventing column buckling about member's the section’s strong axis. stiffeners) 0 (i. A summary of all of the design variables is as follows.

3. +1.Steel Designer AS/NZS4600 Diameter of Flange Holes Total Height of Flange Holes No.0 0 Diameter of holes in the webs of the section. For channel. Purlins' reduction factor.0 Depth of the initial section depth of the initial section width of the initial section width of the initial section 1. of Web Holes Diameter of Web Holes Total Height of Web Holes kt Max Depth Min Depth Max Width Min Width Cs Diameter of holes in the flanges of the section.0 1. 0. The number of holes in the webs of the section. This value may be input directly or computed automatically when the number and diameter of flange holes are specified.0 Total height of any bolt holes in the flanges of the section.0 for moment causing compression on shear centre side of the centroid while 1.0 1.4. Coefficient depending on moment distribution in the laterally unbraced segment. Usually you will want to check some members for bending.0 1.0 It is not necessary to enter all of the above information for all members. 0. Coefficient for unequal end moment. Coefficient for unequal end moment.0 for moment causing tension on shear centre side of the centroid. 0.3. others for compression and so on. Page 3 . the member bending capacity subjected to lateral buckling is calculated with clause 3.0 1. Correction factor for the distribution of forces. The items under the Design menu help you enter just the required information depending on what type of check you are doing.0 1. 0. The maximum depth of section which may be chosen when using the Design command The minimum depth of section which may be chosen when using the Design command The maximum width of section which may be chosen when using the Design command The minimum width of section which may be chosen when using the Design command Moment coefficient.and Z-purlins in which the tension flange is attached to sheeting.0 Cb Cmx Cmy R Total height of any bolt holes in the webs of the section. This value may be input directly or computed automatically when the number and diameter of flange holes are specified.

it is necessary to know the spacing of any lateral restraints (if any) along the member. As this depends upon which flange is the critical flange. the user must specify the type of restraint. For a cantilever or a segment with an unrestrained end. • Choose Bending from the Design menu. The restraints could be provided by purlins. the critical flange is the tension flange. girts or other structural elements which are not modelled in Multiframe. Steel Designer uses this information to determine the length of segments used in the design calculations. • Enter the position and type of lateral restraints for both top and bottom flange. • Click the type of lateral restraints. To determine the moment member capacity of a member. It is also necessary to enter the stiffener's information. Page 4 . and ii) the bottom flange was the critical flange. The lateral restraints acting at a particular section on a member are dependent upon which flange is the critical flange. For each restraint on the member. the user must specify the type of lateral restraint that would be present at a section if i) the top flange were the critical flange. For a member/segment restrained at both ends the critical flange is the flange under compression. To set the properties for bending • Select the required members in the Frame window.Steel Designer AS4600 Bending When performing a bending check. you may need to specify the location and type of lateral restraints acting on the member.

The initial lateral restraints applied to the member are full restraints at each end for either of the flanges being the critical flange. FR Fully restrained + Rotationally restrained PR Partial restrained + Rotationally restrained Page 5 . click the stiffener tab and see the following window.Steel Designer AS/NZS4600 If there are transverse stiffeners on the web or flange. F Fully restrained P Partially restrained L Laterally Restrained U Unrestrained LR Lateral restraint with full restraint against rotation on plan LP Lateral restraint with partial restraint against rotation on plan C Continuous restraint Fully or partially restrained sections may also be specified as lateral rotational restraints using. If no restraint exists at the end of a member then it should be specified as unrestrained. • Enter coefficients for unequal end moment • Click OK Lateral restraints must always be specified at the ends of the beam and so the minimum number of lateral restraints is two. The different restraints acting on the member are entered into the grid using the following codes. • Enter the length of stiffener • Enter the number of stiffeners and spacing(s) etc.

leave the stiffener spacing set to zero. Page 6 .Steel Designer AS4600 The initial position of the loads is at the shear centre. If there are no transverse stiffeners.

it is necessary to specify the effective length and unbraced length of the member. If the members contain significant areas of bolt holes which need to be taken into account when determining the cross-sectional area of the section. you will need to enter the amount of cross-sectional area to be deducted to allow for these holes. This is used compute the net area of the section and also for computing the effective section modulus. Page 7 . When checking or designing members for compression. The initial value for the number and diameter of bolt holes is zero. you need to specify the correction factor for the distribution of forces at the ends of the member.Steel Designer AS/NZS4600 Tension When checking or designing a member for tension. To enter the properties for tension • Select the required members in the Frame window • Choose Tension… from the Design menu • Type in the number and diameter of holes in the webs and flanges (and the total height of holes will be computed automatically) or • Type the total height of holes in the webs and flanges directly • Choose a value for the correction factor (kt) if required • Click OK The total height of holes in the webs or flanges is used to compute the cross sectional area of holes in the section.

it is necessary to enter an effective length to indicate the type of restraint on the ends of the member. Kx and Ky are the two effective length factors for the major and minor axes respectively. To set the properties for compression • Select the required members in the Frame window • Choose Compression… from the Design menu Page 8 . therefore it is necessary to enter unbraced lengths for both axes of the section. The effective lengths are given by Lex = K x ⋅ Lcx and Ley = K y ⋅ Lcy . The effective length may be different for buckling in the major and minor axis directions.0. The initial values of Kx and Ky are 1.Steel Designer AS4600 Compression To determine the critical buckling load for a member. This bracing could be provided by purlins. Some bracing may only restrain lateral deflection in one direction. The effective length is given by an effective length factor multiplied by the length of the member. Lcx corresponding to the spacing of restraints preventing compression buckling about the x-x axis and Lcy corresponding to the spacing of restraints preventing compression buckling about the y-y axis. where Lcx and Lcy are the lengths of the member in x and y direction respectively. girts or other structural elements which are not modelled in Multiframe. it is also necessary to know the spacing of any bracing (if any) along the member. Unbraced Length To determine the critical buckling condition of a member.

The initial values of Lcx and Lcy are the length of the member. Page 9 .Steel Designer AS/NZS4600 • Click on the icons for the end conditions in each direction or • Type in values for Kx and Ky • Type in values for Lcx and Lcy • Click OK If you choose a standard end condition. the recommended Kx and Ky values will be automatically entered for you.

Page 10 .Steel Designer AS4600 Combined Actions No information is required when checking or designing members for combined actions using AS/NZS4600.

you can examine and change the design details for a single member by double clicking on it in the Frame window. Page 11 . To set all of the design variables • Select the required members in the Frame window • Choose Design Details from the Design menu • Click each tab and enter the design values • Click OK As a shortcut. This may be quicker than setting each of the design values in turn using the commands above.Steel Designer AS/NZS4600 Design Properties Sometimes you may wish to set all of the design properties for a member or group of members at once.

This grade determines the yield strength (Fy) and ultimate tensile strength (Fu) of the material of the section. Page 12 .Steel Designer AS4600 Steel Grade To determine the allowable stresses for a member. If you choose a standard grade of steel. • Click OK. it is necessary to know the grade of steel to be used for the section. The initial value for the steel grade for all members is AS1397 grade 250. the Fy and Fu values will be automatically entered for you. Finally • Choose the method of fabrication to indicate the state of residual stress in the section. or • Type in values for Fy and Fu. To set the Steel Grade • Select the required members in the Frame window • Choose Steel Grade from the Design menu In this dialog you can either • Choose a standard and steel grade from the drop down menu.

1~3.4. For compression section checks. The design actions are calculated through the first order analyses and a second order analysis should be used for sway frames. AS/NZS 4600: "Australian/New Zealand Standard AS/NZS4600-2005: Coldformed Steel Structures". Steel Designer uses the following clauses of to check your structure. For major and minor combined section checks. 30 December. No other checks are performed unless they are specifically listed below. For bending member checks. Design Checking Procedure The design checking procedure is as follows. For major and minor compression member checks.4. For major and minor shear checks.3. For major and minor bending section checks. the design bending moment is checked to be less than the nominal section moment design capacity reduced by axial force (compression or tension) as computed using clause 3.2. Standards Australia.5. 2005.2~3. For all combined action section checks. the bending of distortional buckling check may not be included: clause 3. Page 13 . the design bending moment is checked to be less than the nominal section moment design capacity as found using clause 3. the design shear force is checked to be less than the nominal shear capacity found from section 3. the design axial compressive force is checked to be less than the nominal section design capacity in compression as computed using clause 3. Clauses used are 3. For some section shapes. and the design bending moments (Mx*. the design bending moment about the major principle axis is checked to be less than the nominal member moment design capacity as found using clause 3.3.2.3.1. For tension checks.1. and My*) are the maximum bending moments in the member.5.4.3.3.5. the design axial compressive force is checked to be less than the nominal member design capacity in compression as computed using clause 3.3. Checks using plastic analysis are not considered. the design axial tension force is checked to be less than the nominal section design capacity in tension as computed using clause 3. the design axial force (N*) is the maximum axial force in the member.4.Steel Designer AS/NZS4600 Code Checks When carrying out code checks to AS/NZS4600.3.

3rd Edition • Design of Cold-formed Steel Structures (to Australian/New Zealand Standard AS/NZS 4600:1996). Glasgow. 1991 • Steel Designers Handbook. Sydney. Cold-formed Steel Structures. University of Strathclyde. Chapman and Hall. Tinyou and A. 6th Edition • The Behaviour and Design of Steel Structures. N S Trahair and M A Bradford. UK.Steel Designer AS4600 References You may find the following books useful to refer to if you need information on the methods used to check members in Steel Designer. Handcock. Syam. Department of Mechanical Engineering. 1998. J. UNSW Press. 3rd Edition • Design of Cold-formed Steel Members.Gorenc. 1996. R. B. London. Sydney. Australian Institute of Steel Construction. 1988 Page 14 . Rhodes. Australian Institute of Steel Construction. Sydney. J. • Australian/New Zealand Standard AS/NZS 4600:2005. 1998.

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