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Climate Resilience Current scientific predictions suggest that the greatest burden of climate change will fall on poor and developing world countries. Estimates about the potential impacts of climate change from the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change and the World Bank suggest that as much as 75-80 percent of climate change losses – human, social and economic – will be in the developing world. These predictions – as well as debates about the causes of climate change – are already beside the point in many places where the Aga Khan Development Network (AKDN) works. For five decades, AKDN has been working with communities to develop sustainable solutions to environmental and social challenges: water scarcity, drought, salinity ingress, deforestation, irregular rainfall, seismic activity, flooding, as well as other natural and man-made impacts. A particular focus has been coastal and high mountain areas, where the expected impacts of climate change are likely to be lasting and severe. Across the full range of its work, from rural development to health, from microfinance to hydroelectric energy, from disaster preparedness to industrial development, AKDN works with local communities to reduce vulnerability, strengthen resilience and manage natural risks. As the world prepares for an increase in the effects of climate change, AKDN will continue to offer assistance to vulnerable communities and to share the expertise it has gained over the last 50 years.

Tajikistan campus of the University of Central Asia in 2006.ThE ImAmAT AgA KhAN DEvEloPmENT NETWoRK ECoNomIC DEvEloPmENT SoCIAl DEvEloPmENT CulTuRE Aga Khan Fund for Aga Khan Agency Economic Development for microfinance Aga Khan Foundation Aga Khan university university of Central Asia Aga Khan Trust for Culture Tourism Promotion Services Industrial Promotion Services Aga Khan Education Services Aga Khan health Services Aga Khan Award for Architecture Aga Khan historic Cities Programme Financial Services media Services Aga Khan Planning and Building Services Aga Khan music Initiative in Central Asia museums & Exhibitions Aviation Services Photo on previous page: His Highness the Aga Khan reviewing plans for the Khorog. The University will incorporate a landscaped park and forest as part of research encompassing water and dry land management. Photo Credit: AKDN / Gary Otte . reforestation. energy substitution and biodiversity.

” 16 23 30 .j a n ua ry S 2 9 M 3 10 17 24 31 T 4 11 18 25 W 5 12 19 26 T 6 13 20 27 www. we have often failed to predict and to pre-empt tragic developments.akdn. but unforeseen variables have diluted our impact. Perhaps most importantly. even when they have been brewing over decades of despair. such as famines and civil conflicts.org F 7 14 21 28 S 1 8 15 22 29 “We have learned how to address particular symptoms of poverty.

the glaciers of Pakistan are melting rapidly. These ingredients are placed in a cave or depression and then covered with soil. or grafting. Photo credit: AKDN / Gary Otte . Quote: His Highness the Aga Khan to the “Marketplace on Innovative Financial Solutions for Development. The aim of these activities is to “grow” the amount of ice at high altitudes during the winter months so that there will be increased water for crop irrigation from meltwater during the summer growing season. that the techniques have been successful and that they present the only solution to late summer water shortages in their villages. however. France). the Aga Khan Rural Support Programme has been conducting research on the viability of glacier grafting at 18 sites in the gilgit-Baltistan region of Pakistan. as well as other ingredients (saw dust. Typically. in northern Pakistan. local people suggest. legend has it that glaciers were grown in mountain passes as early as the twelfth century to block the advance of genghis Khan and the mongols. Because glacial ice grows slowly and can be influenced by a number of variables. wheat husk. charcoal and salt). it is too soon to present scientific proof of the success of the grafts. 2010 Partners: Government of Norway (NORFUND) Photo: According to a number of local and international sources. traditional methods of environmental management can offer inspiration. contributing to flooding. glaciers for at least 100 years.glacier growing As the world searches for practical innovations that can soften the impact of climate change. March 4. The Hopper Glacier.” (Paris. In northern Pakistan. local people have been growing. in 2006. a dozen local men climb to shaded areas above the snow line in September and october with packs full of glacial ice (300 kg / 660 pounds) and pots of Indus River water (120 kg / 265 pounds). Since 2005.

Neither environmental protection nor economic development can be long sustained unless both objectives are prioritized.f e b rua ry S 6 M 7 14 21 28 T 1 8 15 22 W 2 9 16 23 T 3 10 17 24 F 4 11 18 25 S 5 12 19 26 “The Qur’an commands us to be good stewards of Allah’s natural creation – even as we employ his gifts of time and talent to shape our surroundings.” 13 20 27 www. They are part of a Common Agenda.akdn.org .

the local nature of adaptation means that sweeping policies with “onesize-fits-all prescriptions” are not suited to serving the needs of different communities. like other aspects of development. while working to protect fragile ecosystems that are vulnerable to the effects of poorly planned human activity. AKDN’s experience would also suggest that. rural development in fragile natural environments. UK Department for International Development. 2007 Partners: Canadian International Development Agency. Quote: His Highness the Aga Khan at the Aga Khan Award for Architecture 2007 Award Presentation Ceremony (Kuala Lumpur. climate change adaptation and mitigation. As the 2010 World Development Report notes. Climate resilient development strategies must therefore both draw on local capacity and integrate information about probable impacts into development planning in ways that are both specific to and relevant for local communities. which are coordinated by the Prince Sadruddin Aga Khan Fund for the Environment. Malaysia). and related programmes. forest management and pioneering work on fuel-efficient stoves.Community-based Climate Resilience Current research on climate adaptation and resilience supports the notion that greater attention needs to be given to improving climate resilience and building adaptive capacity at the community level. September 4. The intention of all programmes is to assist communities that are most threatened by their natural surroundings. where the potential losses from climate change will be felt most heavily. climate resilience efforts must be community-based. Photo credit: Prince Hussain Aga Khan . The Fund’s activities now include natural resource management. The Network’s environment activities. originated with community-based tree planting. Ford Foundation Photo: A “weeping tree” in a Malaysian rainforest.

we must now aim to do in 10 years. What we may have been content to achieve in 25 years.akdn. I think.” 13 20 27 www.org . We will need to address these problems with a much stronger sense of urgency. that a large number of the world’s recent problems have been born in the countryside of the poorest continents...m a r c h S 6 M 7 14 21 28 T 1 8 15 22 29 W 2 9 16 23 30 T 3 10 17 24 31 F 4 11 18 25 S 5 12 19 26 “No one can dispute.

of the approximate 5. local governments and communities to promote better management of water resources and develop more waterefficient methods of agricultural production. these problems are especially acute.000 hectares in 2007. In Salamieh. Syria. Photo credit: AKDN / Naoura Al-Azmeh . Arable farm land has decreased from 40. 2009 Partners: Norwegian Ministry of Foreign Affairs Photo: A drip irrigation system is installed to water crops being grown under plastic in Salamieh. almost 3. USA).000 groundwater wells identified in 2003. demonstrating the importance and benefit of water harvesting techniques for orchards and initiating research on optimal cropping patterns that maximize production per unit of water used. AKDN’s initiatives in rural development include programs to increase agricultural productivity. Quote: His Highness the Aga Khan at the Global Philanthropy Forum (Washington DC.000 hectares in 1960 to an estimated 9. In areas that rely on rain-fed agriculture.500 were dry. limited water resources.April 23. To address these chronic issues. combined with over-pumping and poor water management. especially through drip and sprinkler systems in combination with land use practices that are environmentally sound. diversify income sources and improve rural livelihoods. Syria. Activities include the improvement of irrigation systems. has led to persistent problems of water scarcity. AKF also works to bridge the gap between national research centers and small farmers by disseminating drought-tolerant barley varieties. the Aga Khan Foundation’s (AKF) rural development programs have worked with farmers. reduce water consumption.Agriculture in Drought-stricken Areas The problem of water shortages and irregular rainfall patterns is daunting in many places.

We feel deeply that environmental goals and development goals must be part of a complementary agenda...a p r i l S 3 M 4 11 18 25 T 5 12 19 26 www.akdn. We can serve one set of goals only if we also serve the other.org W 6 13 20 27 T 7 14 21 28 F 1 8 15 22 29 S 2 9 16 23 30 “Everywhere in the world today.” 10 17 24 . people are searching for ways to reduce the threat of global warming both by limiting greenhouse gas emissions and by fighting the blight of deforestation.

Quote: His Highness the Aga Khan at the Foundation Stone Laying Ceremony of the Bujagali Hydropower Project (Kampala. which are being consumed at an alarming rate. World Bank Photo: In northern Pakistan. Ensuring a clean and reliable supply. solar cookers and solar water heaters for fuel conservation. land degradation and soil destabilization and diminishing economic opportunities. Uganda). BACIP has stimulated the development of small enterprises that build energy-efficient products which conserve natural resources and improve livelihoods. the main cause of deforestation and land degradation is the use of wood for fuel. Some of these products include: roof hatch windows for better ventilation. In many parts of the developing world. floor insulation. causing deforestation. double glazed windows which allow for more light while conserving heat. Finland Embassy Pakistan. August 21. increasing renewable energy usage and investing in diverse energy portfolios are key components of mitigating risk and building climate resilient societies. Photo credit: AKDN / Aga Khan Planning and Building Services (Pakistan) . fuel-efficient stoves with water warming facilities attached that use the same fuel. the most energy-insecure communities are also the ones experiencing the greatest pressure on natural resources. 2007 Partners: Environmental Protection Agency. HOPE‘87. To find solutions to this problem. In many areas. however.Energy-efficient Products and Technologies Energy security is also a major component of climate adaptation and resilience. It has introduced over 70 products and technologies that reduce biomass consumption. improve environmental conditions in homes and provide income-generating opportunities. improving energy efficiency. AKDN’s Building and Construction Improvement Programme (BACIP) was set up as a research and design program. United Nations Global Environment Facility. and household-level biogas plants for alternative energy sources for cooking and water heating. wall insulation and roof treatment techniques for thermal efficiency.

with their particularly fragile soils and shrinking glaciers. It is essential that the international community pay sufficient attention to this part of Asia: a failure to do so will almost certainly destabilize the growth and limit the overall development of the seemingly more fortunate countries that surround Central Asia.org .” 15 22 29 www..m ay S 1 8 M 2 9 16 23 30 T 3 10 17 24 31 W 4 11 18 25 T 5 12 19 26 F 6 13 20 27 S 7 14 21 28 “Climate change is affecting these areas severely.akdn..

From 15 percent in the early 1990s. the risk of wildfires. the mountain Societies Development Support Programme (mSDSP). World Bank Photo: In the mountainous Gorno-Badakhshan region of Tajikistan. but did not produce much food. AKDN also completed a number of related programs. AKDN’s agencies first provided humanitarian relief. A similar series of events has already taken place in eastern Tajikistan over the last two decades. soil erosion and the dislocation of local populations.700 village members. which led to the burning of wood.Food Security According to the uN human Development Report. HOPE’87. to survive the winter. Netherlands Organisation for International Development Cooperation. 2008 Partners: Canadian International Development Agency. Degradation of agricultural lands will have additional spin-off effects as well. an Ngo set up and supported by the Aga Khan Foundation. Rosey MicroFinance Fund. Quote: Statement by Prince Amyn Aga Khan at the 10th German World Bank Forum “The Asian Century: Challenges in the Economic Crisis” (Frankfurt am Main. under the centrally planned economy. Swedish International Development Agency.” In some countries. Norwegian Ministry of Foreign Affairs. November 20. food security gradually increased to 70 percent over a 10-year period. Germany). European Commission. Master Card Foundation. Tajikistan built a variety of goods ranging from shoes to rocket parts. United Nations University. of which 47 percent are women. AKDN’s agencies first provided humanitarian relief. including fruit trees. Photo credit: AKDN / Jean-Luc Ray . 80 percent of the forest cover in the province was consumed for fuel. When the Soviet union collapsed and its food subsidies ended. crop production from rain-fed agriculture could be reduced by as much as 50 percent by 2020. By some estimates. That model has been expanded to over 1. over the following 10 years. Inwent Capacity Building Germany. Christenson Fund. The communities AKDN supported achieved these dramatic gains largely because development efforts were community-based and driven. with a total of over 132. Food insecurity was compounded by the removal of fuel subsidies. including reforestation efforts and the completion of the Pamir 1 hydroelectric plant. International Fund for Agricultural Development. and then began the task of rebuilding the long-term food security of the region. and then began the task of rebuilding the long-term food security of the region. increasing livestock deaths. began to work with Tajik communities to increase farm yields and improve crop varieties.150 village organizations and 60 village organization unions. agricultural production “will be severely compromised by climate variability and change. the people of the mountainous gorno-Badakhshan region of Tajikistan began to starve.

j u n e S 5 M 6 13 20 27 T 7 14 21 28 W 1 8 15 22 29 T 2 9 16 23 30 F 3 10 17 24 S 4 11 18 25 “Each generation must leave for its successors an enhanced and sustainable social and physical environment.akdn.org .” 12 19 26 www.

Photo credit: Serena Hotels / Aga Khan Fund for Economic Development . November 27. projects such as these remind us that there are solutions – that everyone can.V. (FMO). India). In an era of diminished horizons and doomsday scenarios. As the Prophet muhammad (peace be upon him) urged his followers: “When the last day comes. Afghanistan and Tajikistan. Trees serve to sequester carbon.” AKDN has planted over 100 million trees as part of activities that include land reclamation in arid and despoiled lands. he should plant it.” Quote: Address by His Highness the Aga Khan at the Ninth Award Cycle of the Aga Khan Award for Architecture (New Delhi. including rainwater harvesting systems and drip and sprinkler irrigation systems. These activities include construction or repair of irrigation systems and the creation of check dams. fodder. reducing deforestation and undertaking critical reforestation efforts has become a key goal of both the international community and many national governments. Norwegian Investment Fund for Developing Countries (Norfund). Nederlandse Financierings-Maatschappij Voor Ontwikkelingslandeen N. “plant a tree. which mitigates climate change and contributes to biodiversity while providing farmers with long-term assets for food. 2004 Partners: Kreditanstalt für Wiederaufbau (KfW). The World Bank Photo: Employees of the Amboseli Serena Safari Lodge plant trees in the Mau forest in Kenya as part of a program that is planting 10 million trees in Kenya alone. ranging from the coastal plains of Kenya – where droughts have posed extraordinary challenges – to the high mountain zones of northern Pakistan.Reforestation and land Reclamation In an era of rapidly advancing climate change. AKDN’s efforts have been successfully undertaken in a variety of environments. Société de Promotion et de Participation pour la Coopération Economique (PROPARCO). and perhaps should. if someone has a palm shoot in his hand. “recharge” wells and related conservation measures. fuel and construction materials.

however. physical and financial cost of catastrophes.j u ly S 3 M 4 11 18 25 T 5 12 19 26 W 6 13 20 27 www... We have seen and felt the human. mitigation and response.” 10 17 24 31 . these difficult experiences have also taught us the value of investing in disaster preparedness.org T 7 14 21 28 F 1 8 15 22 29 S 2 9 16 23 30 “The Aga Khan Development Network has always worked in areas of the world susceptible to natural disasters.akdn.

ARUP . non-structural mitigation measures and earthquake risk awareness and preparedness trainings in schools. the number and severity of natural disasters is increasing rapidly. 2008 Partners: Canadian International Development Agency. Switzerland). Another project encompassed the installation of high frequency CoDAN radios and the training of community members to operate them in areas down river from potential flooding from glacial lakes.managing Risk in Disaster-Prone Areas By nearly all indicators. of the 262 million people who were affected by natural disasters between 2000 and 2004. Quote: Speech by Princess Zahra Aga Khan. In Tajikistan. January 25. not shared equitably. at the launch of the United Nations World Disaster Reduction Campaign 2008-2009 “Hospitals safe from disasters” (Davos. AKDN is already working to protect vulnerable communities from natural disasters through programs ranging from disaster management training to the construction of avalanche barriers and cyclone-resistant roofs. 98 percent of them were in the developing world. US Department of Agriculture Photo: The landslide which led to the flooding in Hunza. for example. Recognizing that these disasters represent both humanitarian and developmental challenges. Photo credit: Furnished by Richard Hughes. All new AKDN buildings are built to withstand the seismic risk of their individual locations – to “Code +2”– which exceeds required safety standards. United States Agency for International Development. an AKDN affiliate. Pakistan. Disaster management training is also designed to improve coordination with relief and rescue efforts of the government and humanitarian agencies to avoid the common mismanagement that often hampers relief operations following natural disasters. AKDN commissioned micro-zoning and geo-technical studies to evaluate the safety of the original locations of health facilities that had been destroyed by the recent earthquake and to identify safer sites when necessary. In Kashmir. however. Swiss Agency for Development and Cooperation. Disaster Preparedness in European Commission’s Humanitarian Aid Department (ECHO). encompasses structural modifications. Head of the Social Welfare Department of the Aga Khan Development Network. According to the 2007/2008 human Development Report. many observers fear that climate change will increase the incidence of severe weather. The impacts of natural disasters are. FoCuS also uses geographic information systems and risk modelling to help communities become aware of local hazards and create plans to avert such disasters. DFID. a School Safety Initiative Project run by FoCuS.

too. industrial.” 14 21 28 www.au g u s t S 7 M 1 8 15 22 29 T 2 9 16 23 30 W 3 10 17 24 31 T 4 11 18 25 F 5 12 19 26 S 6 13 20 27 “We encourage. guests in our hotels are invited to plant trees.akdn. touristic or infrastructural. be they cultural. environmentally friendly actions.org . over 200. for instance. in both our industrial and leisure initiatives. In one small lodge in Kenya. Environmental Impact Assessment studies are an integral and essential part of all our new projects.000 trees were thus planted in the first year of this initiative.

part of the Serena Hotels group. Quote: Statement by Prince Amyn Aga Khan at the 10th German World Bank Forum “The Asian Century: Challenges in the Economic Crisis” (Frankfurt am Main. deforestation. The World Bank Photo: The Serengeti Serena Safari Lodge. and a commitment to sustainable environmental practices that reduce the ecological footprint of a tourism property. for example. In response. 2008 Partners: Kreditanstalt für Wiederaufbau (KfW). Société de Promotion et de Participation pour la Coopération Economique (PROPARCO). Indigenous plants are preserved and propagated on all sites. an increase in global median temperatures of 3-4 degrees Celsius could result in the loss of 20-30 percent of existing plant and animal species. hotels owned by the Aga Khan Fund for Economic Development (AKFED) are renowned for providing environmentally friendly tourism facilities. loss of coral reefs and ocean acidification. a project company of the Aga Khan Fund for Economic Development. prior to the creation of new facilities in the country’s national parks. much of the world’s biodiversity is in fact already threatened. In Tanzania. Germany).V. AKDN encourages the development of specific forms of tourism that highlight environmental and cultural assets while providing local people with alternatives to the degradation of these assets. Special equipment incinerates waste to reduce garbage and provide a source of energy for the hotel. (FMO).Environmentally Friendly Tourism Infrastructure According to some predictions. Through land degradation. Norwegian Investment Fund for Developing Countries (Norfund). In East Africa. a longterm investment that assures a sustained interest in preserving the environment. These and other measures have earned the Serena hotels numerous environmental awards. Reforestation campaigns have now planted millions of trees. AKDN’s approach has several defining attributes: recognition of the surrounding environment as an asset that is the principle draw for visitors. November 20. four environmental impact studies were carried out. Photo credit: Aga Khan Fund for Economic Development . Nederlandse Financierings-Maatschappij Voor Ontwikkelingslandeen N. Whether it is nascent tourism programs in Afghanistan’s Wakhan Corridor or lodges in African game parks. warming temperatures.

. It is ‘clean’ energy – advancing sustainable development while minimizing its environmental impact.org T 6 13 20 27 W 7 14 21 28 T 1 8 15 22 29 F 2 9 16 23 30 S 3 10 17 24 “The energy challenge – here and elsewhere – will require a multi-faceted response.” 11 18 25 . including bold innovations in the way we both produce and consume energy. hydroelectric power fulfills that goal.s e p t e m b e r S 4 M 5 12 19 26 www.akdn..

maintained and managed by the communities themselves. involves digging a narrow channel along a hillside to divert water into a pipe. and the projects are implemented. August 21. but of equity and fairness. access to clean. Kyrgyz Republic. 1. AKDN also operates larger-scale hydroelectric power plants in Tajikistan and uganda. over 180 micro-hydel units. International Fund for Agricultural Development. one solution. These micro-hydroelectric plants generate enough power to light a village or even several communities. Quote: His Highness the Aga Khan at the Foundation Stone Laying Ceremony of the Bujagali Hydropower Project (Kampala. Netherlands Organisation for International Development Cooperation. Christenson Fund. Master Card Foundation. lack access to electricity resources. supplying electricity to 50 percent of the population of Chitral. reliable energy will become not only an issue of technology. Uganda). HOPE’87. and as pressure to reduce emissions in both the developed and developing world increases.hydro-power for Remote Communities According to the 2008 uN human Development Report. most of whom live in Africa and South Asia. Rosey MicroFinance Fund. clean and reliable energy resources to communities and people in some of the most energy poor regions of the world. villages are often isolated. Photo credit: AKDN / Thomas Kelly . European Commission. and far removed from any functioning electricity grid. bringing affordable. The pressure created by the water flowing through the pipe is enough to turn a turbine and produce 20-100 kw of power. United Nations University. In the mountainous regions of Central Asia and northern Pakistan. In the quest for sustainable energy sources. Several dozen other such plants are in operation in Tajikistan and Afghanistan. remote communities in developing countries pose special challenges. these mini-hydroelectric plants merely divert. 2007 Partners: Canadian International Development Agency. Pakistan. World Bank Photo: A water-powered flour mill in Darootkorgon. first pioneered by the Aga Khan Foundation in Pakistan. Swedish International Development Agency. the water. have been built. Chon Alai.6 billion people. Total global energy demand is expected to double by 2050. Norwegian Ministry of Foreign Affairs. which may cause adverse effects on ecological systems. rather than dam. Inwent Capacity Building Germany. unlike dams.

while also improving their own circumstances.org F 7 14 21 28 S 1 8 15 22 29 “With organizational support and technical inputs.” 16 23 30 .o c to b e r S 2 9 M 3 10 17 24 31 T 4 11 18 25 W 5 12 19 26 T 6 13 20 27 www.akdn. mountain people can become part of the solution to effective watershed conservation and management.

causing permanent contamination. access to water has been an important issue for decades. the problem of water scarcity is largely manmade. It is building or rehabilitating check dams to capture rainwater so as to rebuild aquifers. August 30. the reduction of milk production from cows and goats. such as mangoes and coriander.Water management A growing body of scientific evidence suggests that hydrological cycles are being disrupted around the world. Coastal Salinity Prevention Cell (CSPC) Photo: Afghans collect water at a communal pump installed by the Aga Khan Trust for Culture in Kabul. the Aga Khan Rural Support Programme has been introducing drip and sprinkler irrigation methods that are 50 percent more efficient. and subsequent tension over the sharing of the resource. India. the expense of drilling new wells because of the depletion of aquifers. It has also introduced crops such as chiccko. Photo credit: AKDN / Aga Khan Cultural Services (Afghanistan) . which could lead to a higher incidence of drought and losses of arable land. salt water has encroached on freshwater resources as far as 12 kilometers (7 miles) inland. Water and Sanitation Management Organisation (WASMO). It assists village organizations to set up group management of water resources. A lack of potable water has had a wide range of impacts. identifying new water resources and constructing shallow “recharge” wells and “percolation” tanks in special geological formations that are resistant to salt water encroachment. 2003 Partners: Sir Ratan Tata Trust. Tajikistan). such as coconuts. betel and castor that can grow in saline water environments. The repercussions of water salinity are many: inability to grow traditional crops. Because of over-pumping for irrigation.2 billion people could experience freshwater scarcity. and the stunting of other crops. In AKDN program areas. The soil remains some of the most fertile in India. yet more and more of it is being abandoned because of salinity. It is also working with communities to construct simple rainwater harvesting mechanisms to channel monsoon rains from roofs into covered cisterns. Quote: His Highness the Aga Khan at the Dushanbe Fresh Water Forum (Dushanbe. To address these problems. The Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change predicts that by 2020 more than 1. In gujarat. the need for women to travel as far as 12 kilometers (7 miles) to fetch water. from the suitability of bridegrooms to the migration to cities. to the dangers of salinity and the need to work together to conserve this dwindling resource. through street theatre and publications. It also alerts villagers.

bringing together people from different classes.n ove m b e r S 6 M 7 14 21 28 T 1 8 15 22 29 W 2 9 16 23 30 T 3 10 17 24 F 4 11 18 25 S 5 12 19 26 “It is the interaction of many elements that creates a dynamic momentum. Each case is singular. and disciplines.org .” 13 20 27 www. cultures.akdn. and each requires multiple inputs. and welcoming partners who live across the street – and partners who live across the planet.

including mali. aviation and agricultural packaging. well-built mudbrick architecture is not only less expensive to build. Mali. To have broad. especially for the elderly. In many poor contexts. as well as economic development projects that include investments in water. positive impacts on quality of life. USA). In mopti. To revive these traditional techniques and related trades. civil society strengthening and microfinance. It includes the installation of a sewage network that connects neighborhood’s household waste water to sedimentation and filtration basin and the installation and operation of a manufacturing facility to produce street paving blocks made of recycled plastic bags and sand. electricity generation. Djenne and Timbuktu. as well as topographic surveying. for example. sewage and plumbing installations. up to half of the world’s population lives in mud-brick architecture. Photo credit: AKDN / Anne-Hélène Decaux . these projects are coordinated with initiatives in education. An increase in global temperatures is expected to lead to an increased risk of heat-related mortality. AKDN has instituted a water supply and sanitation program that is aimed at improving environmental health. but the skills and knowledge behind their construction have declined as other materials have been introduced. in mopti. Yet in some places. but often better suited to the local climate. health. the Aga Khan Trust for Culture first identified masters of the process. the chronically sick. the socially marginalized and the displaced. a mix of mud and rice chaff. 2009 Partners: Canadian International Development Agency Photo: Once a year. construction. these traditional climate-appropriate building methods and technologies. however. converge on the Great Mosque to help in the re-plastering of its facade. April 23. then set up training for younger masons. were being lost. Quote: His Highness the Aga Khan at the Global Philanthropy Forum (Washington DC. the men of Djenne. This training was eventually expanded to brick manufacturing. the young.Climate-appropriate Buildings Climate change is expected to have severe and long-term impacts on health. such as the use of banco.

civil strife. arms and narcotics trafficking.. have endured economic hardship. I am increasingly inclined to define poverty not only as a matter of income.” 11 18 25 www.org .. but rather as a state of marginalization in all of those conditions which contribute to the quality of human life.akdn. But overcoming these problems will require a searching re-examination of what poverty really means. earthquakes. an insecure food supply. in particular. water shortages.d e c e m b e r S 4 M 5 12 19 26 T 6 13 20 27 W 7 14 21 28 T 1 8 15 22 29 F 2 9 16 23 30 S 3 10 17 24 31 “mountain peoples.

In Kazakhstan. energy substitution and biodiversity. In Tajikistan. social and economic development. Kyrgyzstan and Tajikistan. a central mission of the university of Central Asia is to promote sustainable economic and social development within mountain communities. with three campuses in Kazakhstan. 2007 Partners: Christensen Fund. according to the World Bank. They provide most of the world’s freshwater and much of its mineral wealth. Two-thirds of the population of Central Asia lives in rural areas. An understanding of these complex and geography-specific challenges and opportunities led his highness the Aga Khan to propose the creation of the university of Central Asia in 1994. and the preservation of cultural heritage in mountain societies. In addition.5 million acres). with rural poverty rates as high as 94 percent throughout the region. landslides and mudflows affect 2. Some estimates suggest that even best-case climate scenarios will result in a loss of 4-5 percent of gDP in Central and South Asia. and have additional potential in areas as diverse as agriculture and tourism.Challenges of mountain Societies Central Asian countries are highly vulnerable to development challenges brought on by climate change. including water and dry land management. Rural Development and Tourism and leisure. Environmental conditions in Central Asia are already contributing to an increase in migration to urban areas. three will be related to environmental issues: Environment and Natural Resource management. these mountainous areas also present opportunities. Germany). possess vast if latent hydropower. 66 percent of the land mass is affected by desertification. however. over 95 percent of the land is categorized as eroded or degraded. reforestation. The University of Central Asia campuses are incorporating environmental parks which will function not only as environment resources for local communities. Photo credit: Arata Isozaki & Associates .3 million hectares of land (5. Government of Norway. Swiss Agency for Development and Cooperation Photo: Artist’s rendition of the Naryn campus of the University of Central Asia. November 13. uCA is currently developing a new mountain Societies Research Centre to focus academic and policy research on environment and natural resource management. Quote: Speech by His Highness the Aga Khan at the Conference on Central Asia and Europe: A New Economic Partnership for the 21st Century (Berlin. but as dynamic laboratories for research and education in a variety of disciplines. Among the six graduate schools that will be created. Established in 2001. for example. In the Kyrgyz Republic.

the 49th hereditary Imam of the Shia Ismaili muslims. Russia. AKDN has agreements with the following countries and organizations: Afghanistan. France. uganda. the Kyrgyz Republic. ethnicity. working to improve the welfare and prospects of people in countries of the developing world. state and national governments in each country in which they are active. gender or religion. European Commission. the agencies address problems experienced by all citizens. Syria. irrespective of race. and mankind’s collective responsibility for a sustainable physical. For more information. non-denominational. the Network is grounded in Islam’s ethics of inclusiveness. In the countries in which they operate. Pakistan. Kenya. India. Philosophically. mali. Individual agencies also work closely with local. Kazakhstan. Bangladesh. all of them work together within the overarching framework of the Network so that their different pursuits can interact and reinforce one another. mozambique. international development agencies created by his highness the Aga Khan. social and cultural environment. Norway. Tanzania. the united Kingdom and the united Nations. Tajikistan.akdn.T h E A gA K hAN DEvElo PmENT N E T W oR K The Aga Khan Development Network is a group of private. sharing. Their common goal is to help the poor achieve a level of selfreliance whereby they are able to plan their own livelihoods and help those even more needy than themselves. particularly in Asia and Africa. While each agency pursues its own mandate. the cultivation of a sound and enlightened mind.org . Canada. Portugal. compassion. It is a contemporary endeavor of the Ismaili Imamat to realize the social conscience of Islam through institutional action. respect for health and life. The agencies of the Network have complementary mandates. germany. self-reliance. visit our website: www. Côte d’Ivoire.

D. N.org Aga Khan university (AKu) P.edu www.org Aga Khan Foundation (AKF) Case postale 2369 1211 geneva 2 SWITZERlAND Tel: +41 22 909 7200 Fax: +41 22 909 7291 Email: akf@akdn.org RESouRCE moBIlIZATIoN Aga Khan Foundation (AKF) Case postale 2369 1211 geneva 2 SWITZERlAND Tel: +41 22 909 7200 Fax: +41 22 909 7291 Email: akf@akdn. Suite 901 Washington.edu university of Central Asia (uCA) Central Administration 138 Toktogul Street 720001 Bishkek Kyrgyz Republic Tel: +996 312 910-822 Fax: +996 312 910-835 Email/Web: www.o.org Aga Khan Trust for Culture (AKTC) Case postale 2049 1211 geneva 2 SWITZERlAND Tel: +41 22 909 7200 Fax: +41 22 909 7292 Email: aktc@akdn.affairs@aku.W. 20006 uNITED STATES oF AmERICA Tel: +1 202 293 2537 Fax: +1 202 785 1752 For further in-country contact information please visit the AKDN website: www..ucentralasia.org Aga Khan Education Services (AKES) Case postale 2067 1211 geneva 2 SWITZERlAND Tel: +41 22 909 7200 Fax: +41 22 909 7291 Email: akes@akdn. Box 3500 Stadium Road 74800 Karachi PAKISTAN Tel: +92 21 493 0051 Fax: +92 21 493 4294 Email: public.org Aga Khan health Services (AKhS) Case postale 2067 1211 geneva 2 SWITZERlAND Tel: +41 22 909 7200 Fax: +41 22 909 7291 Email: akhs@akdn.akdn.org © Aga Khan Foundation 2010 .C.org Aga Khan Planning and Building Services (AKPBS) Case postale 2067 1211 geneva 2 SWITZERlAND Tel: +41 22 909 7200 Fax: +41 22 909 7291 Email: akpbs@akdn.org Aga Khan Fund for Economic Development (AKFED) Case postale 2067 1211 geneva 2 SWITZERlAND Tel: +41 22 909 7200 Fax: +41 22 909 7291 Email: akfed@akdn.aku.AgENCIES Aga Khan Development Network (AKDN) Case postale 2369 1211 geneva 2 SWITZERlAND Tel: +41 22 909 7200 Fax: +41 22 909 7291 Email: info@akdn.org Aga Khan Foundation Canada The Delegation of the Ismaili Imamat 199 Sussex Drive ottawa K1N 1K6 CANADA Tel: +1 613 237 2532 Fax: +1 613 567 2532 Aga Khan Foundation united Kingdom 3 Cromwell gardens london SW7 2hB uNITED KINgDom Tel: +44 20 7591 6800 Fax: +44 20 7589 0641 Aga Khan Foundation uSA 1825 K Street.org Aga Khan Agency for microfinance (AKAm) Case postale 2637 1211 geneva 2 SWITZERlAND Tel: +41 22 909 7200 Fax: +41 22 909 7290 Email: akam@akdn.

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