36 views

Uploaded by kawsar_002

- RAC Syllabus 2161908
- Refrigeration and Airconditioning
- EF303 - Climate Systems - AHU System
- 30 Psych Rome Try of Air Conditioning Systems
- hvacprogrammematerial-090703025103-phpapp02
- psychrometry exp2
- Heating Ventilation and Air Conditioning
- HFCF New Draft
- Thermal Engineering Syallbus
- Hdpsychart Generic Manual
- RACA Guides September 2011asdasd
- m42
- Psychrometric Charts 3[1]
- REFRIGERATION-AND-AIR-CONDITIONING_TH_1.10_AC19.pdf
- apd calculation.docx
- r ac qb-vu-1
- LAB8
- 5.20. Psychrometrics - Example 5. Summer Cycle (Air Flows to Be Calculated)
- Aircond
- 06.psychrometry.pdf

You are on page 1of 9

Psychrometrices deals with thermodynamic properties of moist air and uses these properties To

analyze conditions and processes involving moist air.

Psychrometry is the study of the properties of mixtures of air and water vapour.

Psychrometric ratio

The psychrometric ratio is the ratio of the heat transfer coefficient to the product of mass

transfer coefficient and humid heat at a wetted surface. It may be evaluated with the

following equation:

hc

r=

k y cs

where:

• r = Psychrometric ratio, dimensionless

• = convective heat transfer coefficient, W m-2 K-1

hc

ky

cs

Important psychrometric properties:

Dry bulb temperature (DBT):

Dry bulb temperature (DBT) is the temperature of the moist air as

measured by a standard thermometer or other temperature measuring instruments.

partial pressure of water vapour at the dry bulb temperature. This is readily available in

thermodynamic tables and charts. ASHRAE suggests the following regression equation

for saturated vapour pressure of water, which is valid for 0 to 100oC.

ln( )=

Psat C1

+ C 2 + C3T + C 4T 2 + C5T 3 + C 6 ln T

T

where,

psat = saturated vapor pressure of water in kiloPascals

T = temperature in K

The regression coefficients c1 to c6 are given by:

c1 = -5.80022006E+03, c2 = -5.516256E+00, c3 = -4.8640239E-02

c4 = 4.1764768E-05, c5 = -1.4452093E-08, c6 = 6.5459673E+00

Relative humidity (Φ) is defined as the ratio of the mole

fraction of water vapour in moist air to mole fraction of water vapour in saturated air at

the same temperature and pressure. Using perfect gas equation we can show that:

=

Φ pv

p sat

pv

p sat

temp.

Relative humidity is normally expressed as a percentage. When Φ is 100 percent, the air

is saturated.

Dew-point temperature:

If unsaturated moist air is cooled at constant pressure, then the

temperature at which the moisture in the air begins to condense is known as dew-point

temperature (DPT) of air. An approximate equation for dew-point temperature is given by:

DPT=

4030( DBT + 235)

− 235

4030( DBT + 235) ln Φ

where Φ is the relative humidity (in fraction). DBT & DPT are in oC. Of course, since from its definition, the

dew point temperature is the saturation temperature corresponding to the vapour pressure of water vapour,

it can be obtained from steam tables or using Eqn

ln( )=

Psat C1

+ C 2 + C 3T + C 4T 2 + C 5T 3 + C 6 ln T

T

Degree of saturation μ:

to the humidity ratio of a saturated mixture Ws at the same temperature and pressure.

W

µ=

Ws t, p

Enthalpy:

The enthalpy of moist air is the sum of the enthalpy of the dry air and the

enthalpy of the water vapour. Enthalpy values are always based on some reference

value. For moist air, the enthalpy of dry air is given a zero value at 0oC, and for water

vapour the enthalpy of saturated water is taken as zero at 0oC.

h = ha + WH g = C p t + W (h fg + C pw t )

cpw = specific heat of water vapor, kJ/kg.K

t = Dry-bulb temperature of air-vapor mixture, oC

W = Humidity ratio, kg of water vapor/kg of dry air

ha = enthalpy of dry air at temperature t, kJ/kg

hg = enthalpy of water vapor3 at temperature t, kJ/kg

hfg = latent heat of vaporization at 0oC, kJ/kg

The unit of h is kJ/kg of dry air. Substituting the approximate values of cp and hg, we obtain:

Specific volume:

air per kilogram of dry air. From perfect gas equation since the volumes occupied by the

individual substances are the same, the specific volume is also equal to the number of

cubic meters of dry air per kilogram of dry air.

Ra Ra T

v= T= m 3 / kg

Pa Pt − Pv

Psychrometric Processes

In the domestic and industrial air conditioning applications some psychrometric

processes have to be performed on the air to change the psychrometric properties of air

so as to obtain certain values of temperature and humidity of air within the enclosed

space. Some of the common psychrometric processes carried out on air are: sensible

heating and cooling of air, humidification and dehumidification of air, mixing of various

streams of air, or there may be combinations of the various processes.

Illustrating and analyzing the psychrometric properties and psychrometric processes by

using the psychrometric chart is very easy, convenient and time saving. In the next few

paragraphs we shall see some of the most commonly employed psychrometric processes

in the field of HVAC and how they are represented on the psychrometric chart.

Cooling of the air is one of the most common

psychrometric processes in the air conditioning systems. The basic function of the air-

conditioners is to cool the air absorbed from the room or the atmosphere, which is at

higher temperatures. The sensible cooling of air is the process in which only the sensible

heat of the air is removed so as to reduce its temperature, and there is no change in the

moisture content (kg/kg of dry air) of the air. During sensible cooling process the dry bulb

(DB) temperature and wet bulb (WB) temperature of the air reduces, while the latent

heat of the air, and the dew point (DP) temperature of the air remains constant. There is

overall reduction in the enthalpy of the air.

In the ordinary window or the split air conditioner the cooling of air is carried out by

passing it over the evaporator coil, also called as the cooling coil. The room air or the

atmospheric air passes over this coil carrying the refrigerant at extremely low

temperatures, and gets cooled and passes to the space which is to be maintained at the

comfort conditions.

In general the sensible cooling process is carried out by passing the air over the coil. In

the unitary air conditioners these coils are cooled by the refrigerant passing through

them and are called also called evaporator coils. In central air conditioners these coils

are cooled by the chilled water, which is chilled by its passage through the evaporator of

the large air conditioning system. In certain cases the coil is also cooled by the some gas

passing inside it.

The sensible cooling process is represented by a straight horizontal line on the

psychrometric chart. The line starts from the initial DB temperature of the air and ends

at the final DB temperature of the air extending towards the left side from high

temperature to the low temperature (see the figure below). The sensible cooling line is

also the constant DP temperature line since the moisture content of the air remains

constant. The initial and final points on the psychrometric chart give all the properties of

the air.

Sensible heating process is opposite to sensible

cooling process. In sensible heating process the temperature of air is increased without

changing its moisture content. During this process the sensible heat, DB and WB

temperature of the air increases while latent of air, and the DP point temperature of the

air remains constant.

Sensible heating of the air is important when the air conditioner is used as the heat

pump to heat the air. In the heat pump the air is heated by passing it over the condenser

coil or the heating coil that carry the high temperature refrigerant. In some cases the

heating of air is also done to suit different industrial and comfort air-conditioning

applications where large air conditioning systems are used.

In general the sensible heating process is carried out by passing the air over the heating

coil. This coil may be heated by passing the refrigerant, the hot water, the steam or by

electric resistance heating coil. The hot water and steam are used for the industrial

applications.

Like the sensible cooling, the sensible heating process is also represented by a straight

horizontal line on the psychrometric chart. The line starts from the initial DB temperature

of air and ends at the final temperature extending towards the right (see the figure). The

sensible heating line is also the constant DP temperature line.

Industrial applications

Although the principles of psychrometry apply to any physical system consisting of gas-

vapor mixtures, the most common system of interest is the mixture of water vapor and

air, because of its application in heating, ventilating, and air-

conditioning and meteorology. In human terms, our comfort is in large part a

consequence of, not just the temperature of the surrounding air, but (because we cool

ourselves via perspiration) the extent to which that air is saturated with water vapor.

- RAC Syllabus 2161908Uploaded byVirani Bharat
- Refrigeration and AirconditioningUploaded byBhavesh Pipaliya
- EF303 - Climate Systems - AHU SystemUploaded byAizat Faliq
- 30 Psych Rome Try of Air Conditioning SystemsUploaded byPRASAD326
- hvacprogrammematerial-090703025103-phpapp02Uploaded byaravoof84
- psychrometry exp2Uploaded byMohamed Ashraf
- Heating Ventilation and Air ConditioningUploaded bySurender Reddy
- HFCF New DraftUploaded byhyreepkt
- Thermal Engineering SyallbusUploaded byShivani Mohta
- Hdpsychart Generic ManualUploaded byPranay Sawant
- RACA Guides September 2011asdasdUploaded byCandra Surya
- m42Uploaded byDiego Timoteo
- Psychrometric Charts 3[1]Uploaded byYoon Ming
- REFRIGERATION-AND-AIR-CONDITIONING_TH_1.10_AC19.pdfUploaded bySaurav Sinha
- apd calculation.docxUploaded byRashel Hasan
- r ac qb-vu-1Uploaded byapi-362935264
- LAB8Uploaded bycgjp120391
- 5.20. Psychrometrics - Example 5. Summer Cycle (Air Flows to Be Calculated)Uploaded bytehtehteh
- AircondUploaded bysnailbook
- 06.psychrometry.pdfUploaded byMahmoud Gwaily
- ME-VIIUploaded bykumarpraduman
- MECH3429Air Conditioning and Refrigeration Engineering3Uploaded byUmair Khan Marwat
- ReheatUploaded byJOSEPH ANTONY
- Baisc Refrig and Air ConUploaded byGauntlet Roomes
- Chap 10 HvacUploaded byVikrant Haribhakta
- DesignHCLoads.docxUploaded byPop Mihai Adrian
- AirCon Prelims Terms.docxUploaded byAdrian Castillo
- Thermo 5th Chap14 P115Uploaded byPablo Isuart Hdz
- unit-5Uploaded byMarcelo Ribeiro
- hvac notes.docxUploaded byMohd Tarique Anwar

- 2. Group TechnologyUploaded byjegosss
- Lean PresentationUploaded bykawsar_002
- Medicine Lecture1Uploaded bykawsar_002
- Queuing TheoryUploaded bykawsar_002
- Turret Lathe 1Uploaded bykawsar_002
- Course Number: IPE-116Uploaded bykawsar_002
- Efficiency and Performance CalculationsUploaded bykawsar_002
- kaizenUploaded bykawsar_002
- mp-2Uploaded bykawsar_002
- Seminar OnUploaded bykawsar_002
- POWDER METALLURGYUploaded bykawsar_002

- flow doc (9)Uploaded byJozef
- ME_Heat-Transfer.pdfUploaded byankitgaurav3497
- Transport PhenomenaUploaded byAlan Cereceda Escalona
- water chiller system pptUploaded byAlok kumar
- Heat Transfer Correlations - JensenUploaded bySrbislav Genic
- M08.pdfUploaded byAdrian Guzman
- Magneto-convective Flowand Heat Transfer of Two Immiscible Fluids Between Vertical Wavy Wall and a Parallel Flat WallUploaded byInternational Journal of Research in Engineering and Technology
- Heat Transfer Enhancement by using Twisted Tape InsertUploaded byIRJET Journal
- Expt. 8 Pin Fin ApparatusUploaded byPradeep Diwakar
- Cooling System of Haenam-jeju Hvdc SystemUploaded byMohit Kumar Chowdary
- Dutta 2018Uploaded byMario Calderon
- 06 LettersUploaded byrkib
- Xiong_Wei سه مثال ساده کامسولUploaded bysafasaba
- heat exchangeUploaded byAhmed Gad
- Ventilation Air Supply and ExhaustUploaded byGina Mae Jalea
- Effect of Particle Size on the Convective Heat Transfer in Nanofluid in the Developing RegionUploaded byShourya Jain
- CFD and Energy Simulation CouplingUploaded byBrian
- Heat Engine FunctionUploaded bytiashbd
- HT 305 B1(b) pptUploaded byScribd user V
- Monitoring Heat Exchanger Temperature _ NASHUploaded byJAGADEESH
- RESULT n tutorial heat conductionUploaded byShalfiq Mat Zari
- Fundamentals of Heating, Ventilation and Air Conditioning (HVAC)Uploaded byali_gudarzi2249
- HVAC CourseUploaded byIbrahim Mostafa
- R 3581 NovDec 07Uploaded byJuan Arnold
- A Trane Air Conditioning Clinic - Refrigeration System Components.pptUploaded bycperez10000
- IntroductionUploaded bykalebtekle
- Thermal Conductivity ApparatusUploaded byBalRam Dhiman
- Design and Processing of Particulate Products-1107007372Uploaded byeceLebi
- Heatload Calculation 2Uploaded byMustansir Pancha
- ME 415 Test 2 PracticeUploaded byrrmccullough