JESUS CHRIST

INTRODUCTION Jesus of Nazareth also known as Jesus Christ or simply Jesus, is the central figure of Christianity. Christians view him as the Messiah foretold in the Old Testament and as the Son of God, who provided salvation and reconciliation with God to humankind by dying for its sins. BIRTH AND CHILDHOOD OF JESUS CHRIST According to Matthew and Luke, Jesus was born in Bethlehem of Judea to Mary, a virgin, by a miracle of the Holy Spirit. In Luke, the angel Gabriel visits Mary to tell her that she was chosen to bear the Son of God. An order of Caesar Augustus had forced Mary and Joseph to leave their homes in Nazareth and come to the home of Joseph's ancestors, the house of David, for the Census of Quirinius. After Jesus' birth, the couple was forced to use a manger in place of a crib because of a shortage of accommodation. An angel announced Jesus' birth to shepherds who left their flocks to see the newborn child and who subsequently publicized what they had witnessed throughout the area. In Matthew, the "Wise Men" or "Magi" bring gifts to the young Jesus after following a star which they believe was a sign that the King of the Jews had been born. King Herod hears of Jesus' birth from the Wise Men and tries to kill him by massacring all the male children in Bethlehem under the age of two.The family flees to Egypt and remains there until Herod's death, where upon they settle in Nazareth to avoid living under the authority of Herod's son and successor Archelaus. Jesus' childhood home is identified as the town of Nazareth in Galilee. According to Luke, Jesus was "about thirty years of age" when he was baptized. In Mark, Jesus is called a tekton, usually understood to mean carpenter. Matthew says he was the son of a tekton.

Jesus born in a manger in Bethlehem

After Jesus was baptized and rose from the water. the Devil appeared to him and tempted Jesus three times. Jesus persisted. Matthew describes John as initially hesitant to comply with Jesus' request for John to baptize him. stating that it was Jesus who should baptize him. Jesus was led into the desert by God where he fasted for forty days and forty nights. In Matthew. Mark starts his narration with Jesus' baptism. Matthew omits this reference. Mark states Jesus "saw the heavens being torn open and the Spirit descending on him like a dove.BAPTISM OF JESUS CHRIST BY JOHN THE BAPTIST All three synoptic Gospels describe the Baptism of Jesus by John the Baptist. with you I am well pleased. During this time. specifying that it is a token of repentance and for forgiveness of sins. And a voice came from heaven. The Devil departed and angels came and brought nourishment to Jesus. an event which Biblical scholars describe as the beginning of Jesus' public ministry. Each time. God's public dedication informs the reader that Jesus has become God's anointed ("Christ"). .'". "It is proper for us to do this to fulfill all righteousness". 'You are my beloved Son. Jesus came to the Jordan River where John the Baptist had been preaching and baptizing people in the crowd. emphasizing Jesus' superiority to John. According to these accounts. Baptism of Jesus Christ by John the Baptist TEMPTATION OF JESUS CHRIST BY THE DEVIL Following his baptism. Jesus refused temptation with a quotation of scripture from the Book of Deuteronomy.

Jesus speaks in long discourses. The Synoptic Gospels tell of the darkening of the sky from twelve until three that afternoon. uttered a loud cry and died. and crowned with thorns. Matthew also mentions an earthquake. "My God. Jesus died before late afternoon at Calvary. and his cross states that he is being executed for aspiring to be the king of the Jews. Jesus has a ministry of teaching and miracles. The earth shook. "At that moment the curtain of the temple was torn in two from top to bottom. . with himself as the theme of his teaching. In John.". at least part of which is in Galilee. exorcises demons. Jesus faces his crucifixion stolidly. mocked. the rocks split. He recited Psalm 22. In the synoptics. which was also called Golgotha. possibly the Romans and possibly the Jews. my God. (Sermon On The Mount) JESUS’ DEATH In Mark. According to all four Gospels. He is crucified between two thieves. and teaches mainly about the Kingdom of God. champions the poor and oppressed. Jesus is stripped.Jesus being tempted by the devil JESUS’ MINISTRY In the synoptics as well as in John. Jesus teaching His disciple. Jesus speaks in parables and aphorisms. flogged." Mathew also says many dead saints were resurrected and went into the city to appear before other people. why hast thou forsaken me. In Luke. He asks God to forgive those who are crucifying him.

Jesus on the Cross .

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