April 2005 edition Effective from July 2005

STANDARDS for Conversions and renovations

INTRODUCTION Conversions and Renovations
CONTENTS
INTRODUCTION Technical Requirements Procedural flowchart Survey of existing building Design Standard Completed work Building Regulations Insured guarantees/warranties Wood rot and beetle infestation Vermin and pest infestation Foundations Basements and structural waterproofing (tanking) Drainage below ground Ground floors Walls Chimneys and flues Upper floors Staircases, stairways and landings Pitched roofs Flat roofs and balconies Roof drainage Framed buildings Doors, windows and glazing Joinery Floor, wall and ceiling finishes Services Painting and decorating External works Provision of information C1 C2 C3 C4 C5 C6 C7 C8 C9 C10 C11 C16 C19 C20 C21 C22 C25 C26 C27 C34

Clause Page
R1 – R6 1 3 6 7 7 7 8 8 8 9 9 10 11 11 16 17 17 18 19 20 20 21 22

C12 – C15 12 C17 & C18 16

C23 & C24 19

C28 – C33 21 C35 – C39 22 C40 & C41 23

APPENDIX A Useful contacts and relevant publications APPENDIX B Survey(s) of existing buildings

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Introduction Effective: July 2005

NHBC Standards for Conversions and Renovations April 2005 edition

INTRODUCTION Conversions and Renovations
PURPOSE
The Standards for Conversions and Renovations provide guidance on the type of project that will be acceptable to NHBC, the scope of the survey(s) and work that will be required.

TECHNICAL REQUIREMENTS
The Technical Requirements are printed in red. They are mandatory and MUST be met by the builder. Technical Requirements R1 to R5 inclusive are the same as those in the NHBC Standards Chapter 1.1 ‘Introduction to the Standards and Technical Requirements’. Technical Requirement R6 relates specifically to the Standards for Conversions and Renovations.

WHAT ARE ‘CONVERSIONS AND RENOVATIONS’?
Conversions and renovations are projects that involve work to existing buildings or parts of existing buildings. Examples include:

• • • •

the conversion of industrial or commercial buildings into housing the conversion of an existing residential building into flats the addition of an additional storey to an existing building the renovation of an existing residential building.

PERFORMANCE STANDARDS
The Performance Standards are printed in dark blue and will assist builders in meeting the Technical Requirements. By meeting each Performance Standard the Technical Requirement will be met. Alternative standards of performance will be acceptable ONLY if, in the opinion of NHBC, the Technical Requirements are met and the standard achieved is not lower than the stated Performance Standard.

WHICH STANDARDS APPLY?
New work that forms part of the conversion or renovation should be carried out in accordance with the NHBC Standards. Other conversion or renovation work should be carried out in accordance with these Standards for Conversions and Renovations. The Standards for Conversions and Renovations current at the time work is started, shall apply.

GUIDANCE
Guidance on how the Performance Standard may be met is printed in light blue. Guidance is based on normal construction procedures and recommended practices that have been shown to be satisfactory and acceptable over time. Due to the scope of buildings which could be considered for conversion or renovation, the guidance may need to be varied for particular cases. NHBC will consider other methods proposed to meet specific requirements, subject to consultation and evaluation. Some irregularities in the existing background and finish, beyond normal building tolerances, may be acceptable for conversions and renovations.

SURVEY(S)
The builder should arrange for survey(s) of the building to be carried out in accordance with Clause C1 before applying to NHBC for Buildmark cover. A copy of the survey report(s), including any specialist reports, should accompany the application for Buildmark cover. The reports will be used to establish if the project is acceptable for Buildmark cover. NHBC may impose specific requirements for the project, which must be complied with as a condition of providing Buildmark cover. NHBC relies on the details supplied by the builder when it accepts a project for Buildmark cover. Acceptance of a project does not absolve the builder from obligations under the Rules and Buildmark in respect of any defects, whether or not they are located in parts of the building covered by the reports or NHBC’s specific requirements.

INTERPRETATION
Occasionally there may be disagreements on how Technical Requirements and Performance Standards are to be interpreted. Such cases are usually resolved through further consultation, failing which, NHBC will exercise its right to decide.

NHBC Standards for Conversions and Renovations April 2005 edition

Page 1 of 31 Effective: July 2005

LIMITATIONS ON USE The Technical Requirements. The Standards for Conversions and Renovations contain references to authoritative documents. New materials. both on the structure and materials that are to be retained.INTRODUCTION Conversions and Renovations TESTING To establish whether the existing building or parts of it are adequate it may be necessary to carry out tests. reclaimed or retained materials shall comply with Technical Requirement R3. CODES OF PRACTICE AND OTHER AUTHORITATIVE DOCUMENTS Where the Standards for Conversions and Renovations refer to: • • • • • • NHBC Standards European Standards British Standards Codes of Practice Authoritative documents or Technical approval certification the documents shall be the editions current at the time the work is started unless otherwise agreed by NHBC in writing. Performance Standards and Guidance do not form a complete specification and should not be used as such in contracts. Page 2 of 31 Effective: July 2005 NHBC Standards for Conversions and Renovations April 2005 edition . STANDARDS. Tests on the structure to be retained shall be in accordance with European or National Standards as appropriate. then builders may be required to obtain the services of a specialist to determine them. Where suitable tests are not specified in European or National Standards. These tests (where required) will be at the builder’s expense. These references are not exhaustive and NHBC will consider recommendations from other authoritative organisations.

NHBC Standards do not apply to: (b) The structural adequacy of the works. including exposure at early stages in the development of a site. products and building systems shall be suitable for their intended purpose R2 Design requirement Design and specification shall provide satisfactory performance Account shall be taken of: (a) The land quality. with appropriate factors of safety. In Scotland and Northern Ireland. The design. the land quality will have to be determined by a person acceptable to NHBC. Matters affecting durability and serviceability also need to be considered. Proper account shall be taken of the use and location of materials. especially with reference to the dwelling’s exposure to the weather. durability. repair or replacement during that period. account shall be taken of the relevant Building Standards and Regulations. Wales and the Isle of Man. • • • health and safety matters relating to building operations handling and use of certain building materials planning matters. Materials. Exceptions would be where NHBC has a higher standard or where there is doubt as to whether the recommendation in the Approved Document is appropriate to a particular application. including: (i) self weight (ii) all imposed loads. without undue movement. even if it is eventually protected by structures built later.TECHNICAL REQUIREMENTS Conversions and Renovations The builder shall ensure that the work complies with the Technical Requirements R1 Statutory requirements Work shall comply with all relevant Building Regulations and other statutory requirements relating to the completed construction work In England. including the inter-relationship of materials and constructions. thermal and sound insulation. NHBC Standards for Conversions and Renovations April 2005 edition Page 3 of 31 Effective: July 2005 . Where appropriate. (e) The position of building elements within the construction works. The structure of the home shall. (f) The security of the dwellings. including: (i) climate (ii) topography (iii) geology and ground conditions (iv) contamination (v) workings below ground (vi) previous use of the site (vii) any other aspect. may have a lesser durability and need planned maintenance. products and building systems in relation to: • • • • durability of both the structure and individual components and assemblies geographical location position on the site position within the structure. should satisfactorily allow for loads during and after construction and for their transfer to the supporting structure. R3 Materials requirement All materials. Building Regulations and rules of Statutory Authorities primarily cover matters of health and safety. or foundation. services including heating appliances and flues. including wind loads (iii) construction loads. have a life of at least 60 years. on or adjacent to the site. unless specifically agreed otherwise in writing with NHBC. Individual components and assemblies. which could affect the design. NHBC will generally accept work that accords with the relevant Approved Documents and their supporting documents. including: (i) climate (ii) topography (d) The position of the dwelling on the site. (c) The geographical location of the site. fire resistance. weatherproofing. not integral to the structure. products and building systems will normally be acceptable if they comply with the following: (a) MATERIALS AND PRODUCTS USED FOR CRITICAL FUNCTIONS Functions critical to performance are: structure.

R4 Workmanship requirement All work shall be carried out in a proper.TECHNICAL REQUIREMENTS Conversions and Renovations TECHNICAL REQUIREMENTS R3 (continued) (i) performance in accordance with standards set by NHBC. provided they are used in accordance with the relevant Code of Practice. cold.3 ‘Timber preservation (natural solid timber)’ (each section). including: British Board of Agrément (BBA). (d) PROPRIETARY BUILDING SYSTEMS Reference should be made to R3(a). compliance with the relevant British Standard or equivalent European Technical Specification approved by a Committee for Standardisation. or (vi) acceptance. or (v) use of materials and products in accordance with well established satisfactory custom and practice. provided their use is accepted by NHBC. in writing. Building Research Establishment (BRE) or a body authorised under Annex 4 to the Construction Products Directive. (b) MATERIALS AND PRODUCTS USED FOR NON-CRITICAL FUNCTIONS Compliance with the above acceptance criteria for critical functions or strictly in accordance with manufacturers’ recommendations for the specific use. as required in the individual Chapters of the NHBC Standards (d) any structural element which is not based on specific design criteria as laid down in the Chapters of the NHBC Standards (e) any dwelling not constructed in accordance with UK traditional practice. Other structural elements may be designed by a Chartered Civil or Structural Engineer or others whose status (including professional indemnity insurance) is accepted by NHBC. Independent certification of suitability may be required. This would not apply to matters for which NHBC sets Standards. except where specified to the contrary (b) foundations and superstructure of every building over three storeys in height (c) certain types of foundations and retaining walls. (iv). neat and workmanlike manner Any of the following are acceptable: The Builder shall ensure that: (a) the conditions of the materials. or (iii) compliance with standards not lower than those defined in a relevant British Standard specification or equivalent. by NHBC that the quality and use is satisfactory. Page 4 of 31 Effective: July 2005 NHBC Standards for Conversions and Renovations April 2005 edition . (c) RECLAIMED MATERIALS Reclaimed materials may only be re-used with the prior agreement of NHBC. or (iv) satisfactory assessment by an appropriate independent technical approvals authority accepted by NHBC. wetting or drying) (vi) protection against damage by following trades. R5 Structural design requirement Structural design shall be carried out by suitably qualified persons in accordance with British Standards and Codes of Practice The following shall be designed by Chartered Civil or Structural Engineers whose status (including professional indemnity insurance) is accepted by NHBC: (a) foundations on hazardous ground where the hazard makes special consideration necessary. (e) TIMBER DURABILITY Reference should be made to Chapter 2. such as building near trees. products and the completed work are satisfactory (b) appropriate precautions are taken to prevent damage (c) account is taken of the following: (i) the requirements of the design (ii) suitable methods of unloading and handling (iii) proper protection during storage (iv) use of correct installation methods (v) protection against weather during construction (including excessive heat. provided that such custom and practice is acceptable to NHBC. Note Equivalents to British Standards or technical approvals authority shall be those accepted in the UK. or (ii) where no NHBC standard is set.

In England. • • • • • • the former use of the building the present condition of the building any previous conversion and renovation works the geographical location any tests required to confirm the suitability of the existing structure and/or materials the structural condition of the existing building and the effect of the proposed conversion and renovation works. Where specialist subcontractors undertake the design. structural design may be undertaken by the Builder’s own Engineer or a Consulting Engineer employed by the Builder. designs in accordance with BS 8103 ‘Structural design of low rise buildings’ will be acceptable. Wales. whose status (including professional indemnity insurance) is accepted by NHBC.TECHNICAL REQUIREMENTS Conversions and Renovations The structural design shall take account of the durability requirement in Technical Requirement R3 Materials requirement. • • • Past performance should not be assumed to satisfy Technical Requirements R1 to R5 as future durability will be a major consideration. The Builder shall: When requested by NHBC. R6 Survey requirement for conversions and renovations Existing buildings shall be surveyed to determine their condition and the work required to bring them into a durable and habitable state The survey(s) should be carried out in accordance with clause C1. The Engineer shall satisfy himself that the design is suitable for the conditions encountered on the site of each dwelling. it must be separately appraised by the Builder’s own Engineer or by a Consulting Engineer employed by the Builder to ensure that the site investigation. Account shall be taken of the following British Standards and Codes of Practice or their European equivalents or such codes and standards as may supersede them: BS 5268 Structural use of timber BS 5628 Code of Practice for use of masonry BS 5950 Structural use of steel work in building BS 6399 Loading for buildings BS 8004 Code of Practice for foundations BS 8110 Structural use of concrete Alternatively. an RICS Building Surveyor). choice of foundations. Specialist surveys should be carried out by suitably qualified and experienced specialist surveyors. A detailed survey should be carried out by a competent and qualified person with relevant knowledge and experience (e. solely for the use of NHBC staff arrange for NHBC staff to have access to places where off-site fabrication is taking place. NHBC Standards for Conversions and Renovations April 2005 edition Page 5 of 31 Effective: July 2005 . siting and construction of dwellings are properly taken into account and that the design is appropriate for the loading and conditions. The application of Technical Requirement R5 is appropriate where the advice of an Engineer is required other specialist advice the work necessary to ensure that the building meets the Technical Requirements new work which could affect the existing structure. The Builder shall ensure that the Engineer visits the site during construction: (i) when the foundations have been designed under this Technical Requirement. the Builder shall: • • • produce such design documents.g. calculations and prescribed forms of certification as NHBC requires for scrutiny provide design documents and assembly instructions. In Scotland. Account shall be taken of: • • • require the Engineer to issue clear instructions for site personnel not permit departure from the design without the Engineer’s written consent require the Engineer or his representative to carry out such inspections as may be required by NHBC to ensure the adequacy of the design and construction. or (ii) when specifically required by NHBC in these Standards. the Engineer shall be independent of the Builder and specialist subcontractor. Northern Ireland and the Isle of Man.

STRUCTURE? .DAMP? .Conversions and Renovations Procedural flowchart INITIAL SURVEY INCLUDING DESK TOP STUDY NO DETAILED SURVEY EXISTING BASEMENT? PROBLEMS IDENTIFIED WITH .CONTAMINATION .OTHER SPECIALIST AREAS? YES SPECIALIST SURVEY(S) FURTHER INVESTIGATION REQUIRED? YES YES FURTHER INVESTIGATION REQUIRED? NO DESIGN WORKS SURVEY REPORTS(S) & APPLICATION TO NHBC NO DESIGN SPECIALIST WORKS NHBC ASSESSMENT SATISFACTORY? NO YES NHBC REJECTS SUBMITTED SCHEME COMMENCE WORKS ADVISE NHBC UNFORESEEN PROBLEMS? YES NO COMPLETE PROJECT & PROVIDE COPIES OF GUARANTEE/WARRANTY CERTIFICATES TO NHBC Page 6 of 31 Effective: July 2005 NHBC Standards for Conversions and Renovations April 2005 edition .WOOD ROT? .BEETLE INFESTATION? .

The following surveys will normally be necessary: Appendix A provides details of useful contacts and a list of publications that are relevant to conversions and renovations. take account of the design and follow established good practice and workmanship The survey(s) should include for appropriate opening up to expose the vulnerable parts of the building. In certain cases it may be necessary for NHBC to decline to offer cover for the conversion or renovation. NHBC Standards for Conversions and Renovations April 2005 edition Page 7 of 31 Effective: July 2005 . Appendix B provides guidance on items to be included in the survey(s). whose status (including professional indemnity insurance) is accepted by NHBC. Copies of planning approvals and consents should be made available to NHBC upon request. • • • initial survey detailed survey specialist survey(s). DESIGN STANDARD C2 Design shall meet the Technical Requirements New work should be designed in accordance with NHBC Standards. this should be clearly stated in the report(s). The specialist survey(s) should be carried out where the defect. Examples include: • • • • • • • • • structural waterproofing (tanking) of basements wood rot beetle infestation structure contamination damp-proofing wall tie replacement asbestos drainage. NHBC should be made aware of any planning conditions or restrictions that could result in a failure to comply with the Technical Requirements.g.g. Where. The causes of any damage or defect should be accurately determined and appropriate remedial work recommended. damage or likely remedial measures are of a specialist nature. The initial survey should include a desktop study and a walkthrough appraisal of the building. Recommendations contained within the survey report(s) should be incorporated in the design. Recommendations contained within the survey report(s) should be implemented. for whatever reason. Conversion and renovation work should be carried out in accordance with these Standards for Conversions and Renovations. an RICS Building Surveyor). A copy of all survey reports should be made available to NHBC. The builder should arrange for thorough internal and external surveys to assess the condition of the existing building. to establish the current condition of the building Further guidance on surveying existing buildings is given in various Building Research Establishment (BRE) publications including: • • BRE – Assessing traditional housing for rehabilitation BRE – Surveyors’ checklist for rehabilitation of traditional housing. NHBC will decide on the most appropriate course of action to resolve the matter. should be established by the survey(s) together with detailed proposals for remediation. The detailed survey should be carried out by a competent and qualified person with relevant knowledge and experience (e. COMPLETED WORK C3 Completed work shall meet the Technical Requirements. parts of the building are not surveyed. Further survey(s) and report(s) may be required for these parts. agriculture / industry.Conversions and Renovations SURVEY OF EXISTING BUILDING C1 Surveys shall be carried out by competent and qualified persons with relevant knowledge and experience. Conversion and renovation work should be designed in accordance with these Standards for Conversions and Renovations. New work should be carried out in accordance with NHBC Standards. Work should be carried out in accordance with the design. The residual effects of previous use of the building e.

All sawn ends should be treated with a fungicide/insecticide preservative where rot has been identified. Copies of the specialist report detailing the remedial work and identifying the affected areas. A suitably qualified and experienced surveyor should carry out surveys for wood rot and beetle infestation. wall tie replacement and other specialist work shall be the subject of a suitable insured guarantee/warranty Members of The Property Care Association. Other surveyors and specialist contractors may be acceptable subject to NHBC’s written acceptance. and be the subject of a suitable insured guarantee/warranty in accordance with Clause C5. together with copies of the guarantee/warranty and certificate of insurance should be made available to NHBC. and to recommend a suitable method of elimination. (a) wood rot The remedial work should ensure that: Where such work is carried out the guarantee/warranty should: • • • • • be provided by the specialist contractor cover any failure of the work cover any consequent opening up and making good remain valid for a minimum period of 20 years be in favour of the homeowner (provided it is automatically transferred at no cost to subsequent owners) and NHBC. Additional guidance may be obtained from ‘Recognising wood rot and insect damage in buildings’ published by BRE. and be carried out by a competent specialist contractor approved by NHBC. Page 8 of 31 Effective: July 2005 NHBC Standards for Conversions and Renovations April 2005 edition . Remedial work shall be carried out taking account of the specialist advice (b) beetle infestation The remedial work should ensure that: • • the treatment is appropriate for the type of wood boring beetle identified structurally weakened wood should be replaced by pre-treated wood or repaired with a proprietary structural repair resin system. structural waterproofing (tanking). The specialist contractor’s obligations should be covered by an insurance policy issued by a UK registered insurer.Conversions and Renovations BUILDING REGULATIONS C4 Design and completed work shall comply with building regulations Remedial work should: • • • be designed by a suitably qualified and experienced surveyor. The insurance policy should specify the property covered. a division of the British Wood Preserving and Damp-Proofing Association (BWPDA) backed by the Guarantee Protection Insurance Ltd meet the above requirements. beetle infestation. retained wood is treated with preservative in accordance with BS 8417:2003 any plaster affected by fungi is removed any masonry affected by fungi is treated with a fungicidal fluid. • • • • the source of all water and damp ingress is eliminated the extent of spread of wood rot is determined all rotted wood is removed all structurally weakened wood is replaced with preservative-treated wood or repaired with a proprietary structural repair resin system. INSURED GUARANTEES/ WARRANTIES C5 Proprietary remedial treatment relating to wood rot. • • • WOOD ROT AND BEETLE INFESTATION C6 Specialist advice shall be obtained to identify all sources of wood rot and beetle infestation. which includes cover against the specialist contractor’s insolvency. damp-proofing. Acceptable qualifications include CSRT (Certificated Surveyor in Remedial Treatment) or ASRT (Assessed Surveyor in Remedial Treatment).

Items to be taken into account include: (a) subsidence and settlement Where the cause of the failure is weak bearing strata such as peat layers. Page 9 of 31 Effective: July 2005 . Subsidence caused by mining or other underground workings will require specialist advice from an Engineer. should be repaired or replaced as directed by an Engineer. Frost damage normally occurs to very shallow foundations. Foundation design should take account of existing. The treatment necessary will depend on the type of vermin or pest. removed and proposed planting. This may involve underpinning or other specialist foundation techniques.4 ‘Strip and Trench fill foundations’ and Chapter 4. Chapter 4.3 ‘Drainage below ground’. FOUNDATIONS C8 Foundations shall be capable of transmitting existing and proposed loads to the ground without excessive movement New foundations should be designed and carried out in accordance with NHBC Standards Part 4 ‘Foundations’. its fabric or voids. New foundations should be designed so as not to adversely affect adjacent foundations. fill. The remedial work should include prevention measures that will reduce the likelihood of re-entry of the vermin or pest into the building. Defective concrete should be replaced. should be repaired or replaced as directed by an Engineer. Refer to NHBC Standards Chapter 4. pier and beam foundations’. which occurs when desiccated shrinkable clay re-hydrates and is commonly associated with moisture recovery following the removal of trees or vegetation. pile. (d) frost damage Damage that has been caused by frost heave in susceptible soils or by ice formation in the pores of poorly compacted concrete should be repaired or replaced as directed by an Engineer. The potential for differential settlement between new. if possible. Additional guidance on the concrete grade to ensure adequate durability may be obtained from: Where there is evidence of vermin or pest infestation. New work should comply with Chapter 5. (e) adjacent work Existing foundations that have been damaged due to the proximity or depth of other foundations or services. Underpinning should be designed and supervised by an Engineer or as required by NHBC. The effect of frost heave can be overcome by deepening the foundations by underpinning.2 ‘Building near trees’. Where leaking drains have caused foundation failure they should be replaced. (c) chemical attack Foundations that have been or could be damaged by high sulfate levels or other aggressive elements in the soil or ground water. All underpinning and associated foundation work should be designed and supervised by an Engineer or as required by NHBC.5 ‘Raft. Compressible material should be installed as required by the design to accommodate movement resulting from further clay heave. be re-routed so that if leakage occurs again.1 ‘Concrete and its reinforcement’ BS 8500 BS EN 206-1 BRE Special Digest 1. The condition of the existing foundations and supporting ground should be assessed as part of the survey(s). This should be designed and supervised by an Engineer or as required by NHBC. and remedial work carried out as necessary to provide satisfactory in-service performance for the design life of the building. Subsidence caused by clay shrinkage may also necessitate underpinning. NHBC Standards for Conversions and Renovations April 2005 edition • • • • NHBC Standards Chapter 2. foundations should be strengthened or replaced. Drains that are to be re-laid should. Specialist advice can be obtained from the British Pest Control Association (BPCA). should be underpinned. foundations will not be affected. as appropriate. the extent of the damage should be established and remedial treatment carried out. etc.Conversions and Renovations VERMIN AND PEST INFESTATION C7 Vermin and pest infestation in the building shall be identified and eliminated (b) heave Foundations that have been damaged by clay heave. existing and underpinned foundations/structures should be taken into account. The Engineer may be required to supervise the work on site.

(b) control of water and damp ingress Basements should have adequate resistance to the passage of water/moisture to the inside. Members of the Structural Waterproofing Group. which is dry at the time of the survey. New basements should be designed and constructed in accordance with NHBC Standards Chapter 5.Conversions and Renovations FOUNDATIONS C8 (continued) (f) underground erosion Granular subsoils such as sand and gravel may suffer from erosion of fine particles by movement of ground water leading to subsidence. such as: • • • • • increasing the height of the retaining walls reducing the ability of the floor above to provide lateral support to the walls lowering floor levels to increase ceiling heights alterations to the existing applied loadings additional loading from adjacent structures. Items to be taken into account include: (a) structural stability Any alteration. Walls and floors to basements to be used for parking cars. and remedial work carried out as necessary to provide satisfactory in-service performance for the design life of the building. for storage or as plant rooms should allow no water penetration (unless a type C drained cavity) although moisture vapour is tolerated. The introduction of new drains with a granular bed and surround may also take ground water from the site and could have the same effect on otherwise sound existing foundations. Basements to be used for habitable accommodation should allow no water penetration and provide a dry environment if maintained by adequate heating and ventilation. The design should ensure that the level of protection against water and moisture reaching the internal surfaces is appropriate for the proposed use. necessitating replacement. (g) changes in loading The effects of proposed changes to the superstructure should be taken into account. This is referred to as ‘Grade 3’ in the “Basements for dwellings” Approved Document. It should not be assumed that a wall. Wales. Where there is any doubt about the use. to the loading on an existing structurally sound basement may cause structural damage. underpinning or otherwise improving inadequate existing foundations. even temporary. alternatives should be considered. An Engineer should design all structural alterations to basements. floors and foundations) forming a basement shall be suitable for their location In this Clause the term ‘basement’ means construction which is wholly or partly below ground level and for which normal damp-proofing arrangements are inappropriate. Its principles should be followed in England. Page 10 of 31 Effective: July 2005 NHBC Standards for Conversions and Renovations April 2005 edition . The design should take account of the British Cement Association Approved Document “Basements for dwellings”. Structural Waterproofing should: BASEMENTS AND STRUCTURAL WATERPROOFING (TANKING) C9 All elements (including walls. would not cause a problem at a future date. The loading on existing foundations may become excessive or unevenly distributed. Where this is likely. This is referred to as ‘Grade 2’ in the “Basements for dwellings” Approved Document. and be the subject of a suitable insured guarantee/warranty in accordance with Clause C5.1 ‘Substructure and ground bearing floors’. Scotland and Northern Ireland. • • • be designed by a suitably qualified and experienced specialist surveyor. a division of the British Wood Preserving and Damp-proofing Association (BWPDA) backed by the Guarantee Protection Insurance Ltd will meet the above requirements and therefore be acceptable. The condition of existing basements should be assessed as part of the survey(s). the level of protection required for habitable accommodation should be provided. and be carried out by a competent specialist contractor approved by NHBC. Existing basements should be provided with a new structural waterproofing (tanking) system unless it can be demonstrated that the existing system will provide satisfactory in-service performance for the design life of the building.

specialist advice may be required.2 ‘Suspended ground floors’. DRAINAGE BELOW GROUND C10 Drainage systems shall convey foul effluent and rainwater satisfactorily to an appropriate outfall GROUND FLOORS C11 Ground floors shall have adequate durability and support and transfer loads to the substructure or the ground safely without undue movement. Inspection chambers and manholes located within habitable parts of the building will not normally be acceptable. NHBC Standards for Conversions and Renovations April 2005 edition Page 11 of 31 Effective: July 2005 . The effect of any change in loading should be taken into account.g. New drainage should be designed and constructed in accordance with NHBC Standards Chapter 5. (c) condensation Adequate provision should be made to prevent surface and interstitial condensation within the basement. should be taken into account.Conversions and Renovations Where an internal tanking system is used. NHBC will normally reject any proposal to retain existing septic tanks or cesspools. a thorough survey of the whole system. Fixings should not penetrate the tanking. and lengths do not have rodding access in accordance with current requirements.3 ‘Drainage below ground’. and remedial work carried out as necessary to provide satisfactory in-service performance for the design life of the building. e. contaminants and gases to the inside of the building Drainage systems should have adequate capacity for the proposed use of the building and take account of the number of people who will use it. Structural waterproofing (tanking) should be continuous unless designed service inlets are provided. Existing interceptors should normally be removed from the drainage system. Further guidance is given in the British Cement Association Approved Document ‘Basements for dwellings’ and the BRE guide ‘Thermal insulation: avoiding risks’.g. including access points and connections to main sewers. Locked covers to prevent accidents may be required. Items to be taken into account include: (a) Existing drainage Existing drainage should be replaced unless it can be demonstrated that it will provide satisfactory in-service performance for the design life of the building. Disused drains should be removed or sealed to prevent the entry of vermin and the possibility of future collapse. New ground floors should be designed and constructed in accordance with NHBC Standards Chapters 5. septic tanks and cesspools Existing inspection chambers and manholes may need rebuilding e. The effect on room size. (b) access Where the existing drainage system is to be retained.1 ‘Substructure and ground bearing floors’ or 5. In some cases. especially height. interceptors. or satisfactorily assessed in accordance with Technical Requirement R3. New covers will be required where existing covers are defective or where chambers will be subject to increased loading. and shall resist the passage of moisture. Tanking should be in accordance with BS 8102. manholes. The condition of existing floors should be assessed as part of the survey(s). walls of manholes may need upgrading due to inadequate structural sufficiency or ground water ingress etc. A copy of the report should be made available to NHBC. The electrical installation should be on the dry side of the tanking. (c) inspection chambers. should be carried out to establish its current condition. • • • • • • appropriate ventilation adequate heating appropriate insulation avoiding cold bridging treatment of hygroscopic salts contained in walls and floors removal of water vapour from kitchens and bathrooms. including a CCTV survey. listed buildings. Where it is proposed to retain existing drainage. additional internal walling and flooring may be necessary. The following should be considered: The report of the CCTV survey should identify which drainage runs require repair or replacement. additional access points should be provided.

Joists with excessive notches and/or holes should be replaced or a structural repair carried out. a new dpm. together with the reinstatement of any dpm. Loose boards should be re-fixed. (g) flooring/decking New flooring/decking should be in accordance with NHBC Standards Chapter 6. can normally be left unattended.g. including dpcs. specialist advice should be followed. strutted. should be repaired if defective. regardless of width. radioactive and other toxic or inflammable gases to the inside of the building. provided ventilation and durability are not compromised. remedial work should be carried out in accordance with Clause C6. then: • land drains should be provided to the perimeter of the building to prevent the void being flooded. (e) contaminants and gases New and existing ground bearing or suspended ground floors should resist the entry of ground contaminants. Where the lower surface of the void is below ground level and there are indications of previous flooding. The land drains should be connected to a suitable outfall.STRUCTURE C12 Walls shall support and transfer loads to the foundations safely and without undue movement New walls should be designed and constructed in accordance with NHBC Standards Part 6 ‘Superstructure (excluding roofs)’. Vegetation within the sub-floor void should be removed. Further guidance is given in BRE Digests 251 and 361. The upper surface may be improved by punching nail heads and sanding. appropriate damp-proofing work should be carried out to ensure durability. The effects of long-term creep deflection should be taken into account. If the existing floor is other than concrete (e. Honeycomb sleeper walls. Any debris beneath the floor likely to create dampness or affect the ventilation should be removed. or reduced in span. (d) sub-floor voids Voids beneath existing timber ground floors should be ventilated by openings providing not less than 1500mm2 of open area per metre run of external wall on two opposite sides. It is unlikely that floors laid before the mid 1960’s will have adequate protection against damp. should be identified and addressed. Depending on the number and location. Appropriate dpm materials are listed in NHBC Standards Chapter 5. or Page 12 of 31 Effective: July 2005 NHBC Standards for Conversions and Renovations April 2005 edition . Items to be taken into account include: (a) cracking The cause of any cracking. Where timber joists built into solid walls are showing signs of rot (particularly at joist ends). linked to the dpc should be provided.1 ‘Substructure and ground bearing floors’ (Materials section). (c) suspended timber floors Where existing timber joists do not have adequate protection against damp.4 ‘Timber and concrete upper floors’. Joists shown to be inadequate by the survey should be strengthened. (b) damp-proofing of ground bearing floors Where existing concrete ground bearing floors do not have adequate protection against damp from the ground. • • the level of the void should be raised. flags laid directly on consolidated sub soil). (f) screeds and other finishes Damaged screeds and other finishes should be replaced. WALLS . cracks up to 1.5mm width in masonry are generally unobtrusive. and remedial work carried out as necessary to provide satisfactory in-service performance for the design life of the building. or additional joists should be added as appropriate. or the void should be drained to an appropriate outfall. and provided they are not progressive and will not increase the possibility of moisture ingress.Conversions and Renovations GROUND FLOORS C11 (continued) Items to be taken into account include: (a) ground bearing floors Ground bearing floors that have suffered damage should be removed and replaced in accordance with NHBC Standards Chapter 5.1 ‘Substructure and ground bearing floors’. The condition of existing walls should be assessed as part of the survey(s). Unsound or contaminated flooring/decking should be removed and replaced.

(d) corroded cavity wall ties Where the extent of corrosion might affect the stability or durability of the wall. (f) lintels Replacement lintels will be required where: • • • • for existing mortar of weak to medium strength. Where work is necessary the following may be considered: • installing proprietary remedial wall ties assessed in accordance with Technical Requirement R3. and . The mix should be appropriate to the exposure rating of the wall. where masonry is inadequately supported by door and window frames) • demolition and rebuilding of the outer leaf and installation of suitable new wall ties assessed in accordance with Technical Requirement R3 NHBC Standards for Conversions and Renovations April 2005 edition Page 13 of 31 Effective: July 2005 . one of the following remedial measures should be used: • • existing lintels or their bearings are defective (inadequate bearings should also be made good) openings other than brick arches do not have adequate support (e. adherent colour match compounds are available but colour may subsequently fade. see BS 5262. The reconstruction of panels may be necessary. and .be carried out by a competent specialist contractor approved by NHBC.e. It may be possible to cut out and re-use a spalled unit with its sound face showing. For details of suitable rendering mixes. the use of polymer additives in the mortar will increase bond and durability (in such cases sand should have negligible clay content) proprietary gun-applied pointing systems may be used. it should be replaced with a suitable mix for the background (i. mix proportions of 1:1:9 cement:lime:sand should be used for stronger existing mortar. a corrosion protection system may be acceptable with the redundant ties left in place. Work could include the repair or replacement of damaged or ineffective copings and other weathering details. NHBC Standards Chapter 6. Where spalling of existing masonry is limited.g.be designed by a suitably qualified and experienced specialist surveyor. a water retaining additive may be used in the mortar) where walls are located in areas of severe exposure to wind driven rain. This work should: . • (c) spalling masonry Where spalling of existing masonry is extensive and the stability or durability of the wall is adversely affected. (b) mortar Compatible repointing mortar should be used as follows: Members of the Property Care Association. damaged units may be retained. Alternatively.. damaged units should be cut out and replaced.Conversions and Renovations Cracks over 1. (e) damage caused by sulfate attack BRICKWORK Suitable work should be carried out to ensure sources of dampness associated with the sulfate attack are removed.be the subject of a suitable insured guarantee/warranty in accordance with Clause C5. Old wall ties should be removed if corrosion is severe. replacement bricks should be of low soluble salt content (L designation) and mortar should contain sulfate-resisting cement. mix proportions of 1:1:6 cement:lime:sand should be used wetting masonry before applying mortar improves adhesion (alternatively.1 ‘External masonry walls’ gives guidance on brickwork and mortar specifications. In less severe cases. in accordance with the manufacturer’s recommendations. not stronger than the background) and should contain Sulfate Resisting Portland Cement. RENDER Where render is damaged by sulfate reaction. a division of the British Wood Preserving and Damp-proofing Association (BWPDA) backed by the Guarantee Protection Insurance Ltd will meet the above requirements and therefore be acceptable to NHBC. Other wall tie replacement work may be acceptable subject to NHBC’s written acceptance.5mm wide in masonry should be cut out and re-stitched to obtain acceptable bonding and appearance. Where it is necessary to rebuild parts of walls damaged by sulfate attack. • • • cracked bricks or stone may be removed and replaced with bricks or stone to match the existing cracked joints may be raked out to a depth of 15mm and be re-pointed to match the existing proprietary crack repair resin products may be used in accordance with the manufacturers’ recommendations.

(h) external ground levels Levels should be adjusted to ensure the dpc is a minimum of 150mm above ground level. Preservative treatment is likely to be required. on hangers or sleeper walls chemical dpcs in walls adjacent to solid floors should be linked with the floor dpm associated re-plastering work should be carried out by the specialist contractor or approved sub-contractor.3 ‘Timber preservation (natural solid timber)’.STRUCTURE C12 (continued) (f) lintels (continued) • existing lintels will be subjected to increased loading and their ability to carry the increased load cannot be substantiated. and be the subject of a suitable insured guarantee/warranty in accordance with Clause C5. they are not suitable to resist the downward or lateral movement of water. Brick dpcs are only suitable to resist the upward movement of moisture.Conversions and Renovations WALLS . (g) embedded timber Timber embedded within solid masonry can be retained provided there is no evidence of wood rot. It should not be assumed that a wall that is dry at the time of the survey will not cause a problem at a future date. laid breaking joint and bedded in a 1:1/4:3. Timber lintels where required as replacements for aesthetic reasons. PHYSICAL DAMP-PROOF SYSTEMS Depending on the existing construction. CHEMICAL DAMP-PROOF SYSTEMS A suitably qualified and experienced surveyor should carry out surveys for rising dampness. Alternatively the joists should be independently supported e. normally black polyethylene inserted into a cut. Brick dpcs should consist of two courses of clay dpc bricks or clay engineering bricks to BS EN 771-1. active beetle infestation or other deterioration. and be carried out by a competent specialist contractor approved by NHBC. A copy of the survey report should be made available to NHBC. NHBC Standards for Conversions and Renovations April 2005 edition . Remedial work should: • • • be designed by a suitably qualified and experienced specialist surveyor. cement:lime:sand mortar. Members of The Property Care Association. Other surveyors and specialist contractors may be acceptable subject to NHBC’s written acceptance.g. a division of the British Wood Preserving and Damp-proofing Association (BWPDA) backed by the Guarantee Protection Insurance Ltd meet the above requirements. and remedial work carried out as necessary to provide satisfactory in-service performance for the design life of the building. Sheet material dpcs. Installation should be carried out in short lengths. To ensure chemical dpcs will function correctly: WALLS – DAMP-PROOFING C13 Walls shall resist the passage of water and moisture from the ground New walls should be designed and constructed in accordance with NHBC Standards Part 6 ‘Superstructure (excluding roofs)’ The condition of the damp-proofing arrangements for existing walls should be assessed as part of the survey(s). Chemical dpc systems should have independent certification in accordance with Technical Requirement R3. should be preservative-treated in accordance with NHBC Standards Chapter 2. are acceptable if adequately lapped. it may be possible to install a physical dpc.WEATHERPROOFING C14 External walls shall be suitable for their exposure and resist the passage of moisture to the inside of the building New walls should be designed and constructed in accordance with NHBC Standards Part 6 ‘Superstructure (excluding roofs)’. and there are no other changes to the exposure conditions of the wall. Page 14 of 31 Effective: July 2005 • • chemical dpcs should be installed at the correct level in relation to the level of any adjacent floor structure in the case of timber ground floors the dpc should be formed below the level of the joist ends. The minimum lap should be 100mm. • • WALLS . Acceptable qualifications include CSRT (Certificated Surveyor in Remedial Treatment) or ASRT (Assessed Surveyor in Remedial Treatment).

(c) existing cladding Any missing. copings. Where cavity insulation is to be installed. see BS 5262. Attention should be given to openings where replacement or additional dpcs and trays may be required. preventative measures could include: (d) timber frame walls Specialist advice from an Engineer should be obtained where repairs to a timber frame building are required.3 ‘Internal walls’. The condition of existing separating walls should be assessed as part of the survey(s). Page 15 of 31 Effective: July 2005 . Guidance is given in NHBC Standards Chapter 6. and remedial work carried out as necessary to provide satisfactory in-service performance for the design life of the building.9 ‘Curtain walling and cladding’. an overflow outlet should be provided. The size of the overflow outlet should not be less than the size of the rainwater outlet (or outlets if there are several). NHBC Standards for Conversions and Renovations April 2005 edition • • • • structural stability evidence of water penetration that all necessary cappings. flexible decorative finish is acceptable. dpc trays are required over all existing openings.1 ‘External masonry walls’ installing a proprietary insulated render system that has been assessed in accordance with Technical Requirement R3 re-pointing defective mortar joints installing a specialist internal lining system that is not affected by dampness in the existing wall. then it should be removed and replaced. The mix should be appropriate to the exposure rating of the wall. NHBC will not normally accept the use of masonry paint or the application of surface treatment to improve moisture resistance. irrespective of previous damp penetration problems. SEPARATING WALLS C15 Separating walls shall have reasonable resistance to the passage of sound New separating walls should be designed and constructed in accordance with the Building Regulations and NHBC Standards Chapter 6. For details of suitable rendering mixes. weathertight and will provide satisfactory in-service performance for the design life of the building. not stronger than the background). Where over-strong render has curled away from the backing. If the cracks extend through the render and the render is hollow.1 ‘External masonry walls’. Existing lintels with evidence of damp penetration from the outside should be protected with a suitable tray. Items to be taken into account when assessing the parapet wall include: • • • • • installing a proprietary cladding system assessed in accordance with Technical Requirement R3 applying a render system in accordance with NHBC Standards Chapter 6. damaged or loose cladding should be replaced or re-fixed (see Clause C24). dpcs and flashings are present that the copings will shed water clear of the wall. through either the parapet or the upstand.e. Where the parapet gutter has an upstand on all sides.1 ‘External masonry walls’. Sources of dampness causing rot should be eliminated before remedial work is carried out. The condition of the parapet gutter should be assessed and where necessary. Further guidance is given in NHBC Standards Chapter 6. the application of a permeable.2 ‘External timber framed walls’. Existing parapet walls should be taken down and re-built unless it can be demonstrated that they are structurally stable. (b) existing render Where a crazing pattern of many fine cracks exists but rendering is not loose. it should be replaced with a suitable mix for the background (i. and remedial work carried out as necessary to provide satisfactory in-service performance for the design life of the building. (e) parapet walls New parapet walls should be designed and constructed in accordance with NHBC Standards Chapter 6. appropriate remedial action carried out to ensure satisfactory in-service performance.Conversions and Renovations The condition of existing walls should be assessed as part of the survey(s). Items to be taken into account include: (a) moisture resistance from outside Where evidence of water ingress is identified. Further guidance is given in NHBC Standards Chapter 6.

chimneys and flues’. constructed and installed in accordance with NHBC Standards Chapter 6. Chimney/flue linings should be provided as necessary to achieve satisfactory in-service performance. The installation of new appliances should comply with statutory requirements. and remedial work carried out as necessary to provide satisfactory in-service performance for the design life of the building. Existing chimneys in some older buildings may not be suitable for installation of approved linings. Chimney/flue linings should be in accordance with Technical Requirement R3 and NHBC Standards Chapter 6. New upper floors should be designed and constructed in accordance with NHBC Standards Chapter 6. Mortar used for re-pointing should normally be 1:1/2:41/2.g. dpcs and flashings are present and that water is not penetrating the flue or masonry that copings will shed water clear of the chimney that the existing chimney or flue will achieve satisfactory performance. The condition of existing chimneys and flues should be assessed as part of the survey(s). The effects of possible sound transmission through the ventilation openings should be taken into account. chimneys and flues’. SRPC: lime: sand.g. Specialist advice should be sought. Proprietary additives and re-pointing systems should be used in accordance with manufacturers’ instructions. consideration will need to be given to re-building of the chimney. listed buildings.8 ‘Fireplaces. remedial work should be carried out in accordance with Clause C6. CHIMNEYS AND FLUES C16 Chimneys and flues shall be structurally stable. Where dampness has penetrated to the inside of the dwelling through or around the chimney. they should be either totally removed or have any parts that remain adequately supported. Items to be taken into account include: (a) timber upper floors Where timber joists built into solid walls are showing signs of rot (particularly at joist ends). copings. The effect of any change in loading should be taken into account. • • • • • • the construction and condition of existing walls the removal of any existing timber or steel lintels in walls adequate making good of previous openings in walls adequate making good of voids and hidden areas in or around walls satisfactory support of new and existing walls satisfactory sealing of penetrations to accommodate new or existing services in walls. e. Where extensive breakdown of the mortar has occurred. or is cracked or crumbling. Existing chimneys and flues may be unsuitable to serve new appliances either using the same or a different fuel. it should be raked back to sound mortar. and remedial work carried out as necessary to provide satisfactory in-service performance for the design life of the building. e. Page 16 of 31 Effective: July 2005 NHBC Standards for Conversions and Renovations April 2005 edition . The following should be taken into account when assessing the existing chimney: UPPER FLOORS C17 Upper floors shall have adequate durability and support and transfer loads to the supporting structure safely without undue movement • • • • structural stability weatherproofing.4 ‘Timber and concrete upper floors’. Where chimneys and flues are to be removed. with air entraining additive. Where existing mortar has eroded. specialist advice may be required. In some cases. the cause should be established and necessary work undertaken to prevent recurrence. Particular care should be taken where a room is to be built within an existing roof space.Conversions and Renovations SEPARATING WALLS C15 (continued) Items to be taken into account include: Where existing chimneys and flues are to be retained but no longer used they should be fitted with a suitable capping and be ventilated.8 ‘Fireplaces. resistant to the effects of gases and heat and resistant to the passage of moisture into the building New chimneys and flues should be designed. The condition of existing upper floors should be assessed as part of the survey(s). that all necessary cappings.

Joists with excessive notches and/or holes should be replaced or a structural repair carried out. Unsound or contaminated flooring/decking should be removed and replaced. The condition of existing staircases.2 ‘Pitched roofs’.Conversions and Renovations Inadequate joists should be strutted. New pitched roofs should be designed and constructed in accordance with NHBC Standards Chapter 7. Staircases that are to be retained may require suitable repair. Where an existing private staircase becomes a common staircase it will be subject to increased design loads. The effects of long-term creep deflection should be taken into account. NHBC Standards for Conversions and Renovations April 2005 edition Page 17 of 31 Effective: July 2005 . (b) flooring/decking New flooring/decking should be in accordance with NHBC Standards Chapter 6.4 ‘Timber and concrete upper floors’. Items to be taken into account include: PITCHED ROOFS C20 Pitched roof structures shall support and transfer loads to the supporting structure without excessive deflection. and remedial work carried out as necessary to provide satisfactory in-service performance for the design life of the building. and where applicable. stairways and landings should be in accordance with NHBC Standards Chapter 6. The condition of existing pitched roofs should be assessed as part of the survey(s). New separating floors should be designed and constructed in accordance with the Building Regulations and NHBC Standards Chapter 6. and remedial work carried out as necessary to provide satisfactory in-service performance for the design life of the building. (b) rise and going The thickness of new screeds and floor finishes should be taken into account to ensure an equal rise and equal going for all steps in each flight. The upper surface may be improved by punching nail heads and sanding. (d) screeds and other finishes Damaged screeds and other finishes should be replaced. Remedial work should be in accordance with Clause C17.6 ‘Staircases’. C18 Separating floors shall have reasonable resistance to the passage of sound STAIRCASES. Items to be taken into account include: (a) suitability of existing structure Staircases and stairways should be suitable for the new use of the building. and resist the passage of rain and snow to the inside of the building • • • • • the construction and condition of existing floors adequate making good of previous openings in floors adequate making good of voids and hidden areas in or around floors satisfactory support of new and existing floors satisfactory sealing of penetrations to accommodate new or existing services in floors. reduced in span or have additional joists added as appropriate. series of flights. and remedial work carried out as necessary to provide satisfactory in-service performance for the design life of the building. This should be a consideration in deciding if the existing staircase can be retained. The condition of existing separating floors should be assessed as part of the survey(s). Timber staircases that have been in damp conditions may be unsound due to rot and should be replaced.4 ‘Timber and concrete upper floors’. STAIRWAYS AND LANDINGS C19 Staircases. stairways and landings shall provide a safe passage for users New staircases. stairways and landings should be assessed as part of the survey(s). Loose boards should be re-fixed. (c) other floors Structural alterations should only be carried out on the advice of an Engineer.

Further guidance is given in NHBC Standards Chapter 7. Additional support to water tanks should be provided where the existing support is inadequate. should be taken into account. remedial work should be carried out in accordance with Clause C6. Changes in structure and loading.1 ‘Flat roofs and balconies’. FLAT ROOFS AND BALCONIES C21 Flat roof and balcony structures shall support and transfer loads to the supporting structure without excessive deflection and resist the passage of rain and snow to the inside of the building • • • at inadequate centres not propped from loadbearing structure not braced to prevent movement. The use of timber in balconies should be limited to secondary elements. (d) flashings and weatherings Flashings and weatherings should normally be formed in lead. Intermediate support should be provided to reduce spans where members would otherwise be over-stressed. in accordance with Technical Requirement R3. Certain roofs and balconies e. Guidance is given in “Lead sheet in Building” and other material published by the Lead Development Association. Recovering of roofs over the existing coverings will not be permitted unless the system has been specifically assessed for this purpose in accordance with Technical Requirement R3.g. The existing structure should be strengthened where replacement roof coverings are heavier than the existing. The condition of existing flat roofs and balconies should be assessed as part of the survey(s). second hand (re-claimed) slates and tiles may be required for matching. Items to be taken into account include: (a) existing structure It should not be assumed that roof members that are performing satisfactorily at the time of the survey would not cause a problem at a future date. Holding down/restraint strapping should be provided to meet current requirements where it is necessary. Where NHBC agrees to an existing roof covering being retained.Conversions and Renovations PITCHED ROOFS C20 (continued) Certain roofs e. These should only be used if they are accepted by NHBC.g. Bracing to trussed rafter roofs should be upgraded in accordance with current requirements. Page 18 of 31 Effective: July 2005 NHBC Standards for Conversions and Renovations April 2005 edition . Changes in structure and loading should be taken into account. on listed buildings or in conservation areas. a new underlay should be provided in accordance with NHBC Standards Chapter 7. Items to be taken into account include: (a) existing structure It should not be assumed that flat roofs or balconies that are performing satisfactorily at the time of the survey would not cause a problem at a future date. Improved strutting to purlins should be provided where the struts are: (c) underlay Where the roof is to have the existing covering removed and replaced. Cement fillets will not normally be accepted as flashings or weatherings. which in turn are supported by materials other than timber.1 ‘Flat roofs and balconies’. Where wood is showing signs of rot or beetle infestation. New flat roofs and balconies should be designed and constructed in accordance with NHBC Standards Chapter 7. and remedial work carried out as necessary to provide satisfactory in-service performance for the design life of the building. particularly replacement roof or balcony coverings. on listed buildings or in conservation areas may require specialist advice and appropriate skills.2 ‘Pitched roofs’. may require specialist advice and appropriate skills. Adequate ventilation should be provided. (b) roof coverings Existing roof coverings should be removed and replaced unless it can be demonstrated that they will perform satisfactorily for the design life of the building.

NHBC Standards for Conversions and Renovations April 2005 edition Page 19 of 31 Effective: July 2005 . Where structural alterations are necessary they should be designed by an Engineer. Where rainwater from new roof areas is to be connected to an existing system.1 ‘Flat roofs and balconies’ (cold deck construction is not acceptable in Scotland). Upgrading of strutting may be required. The condition of the existing roof drainage. and assessed by an Engineer in accordance with advice given in: Framed buildings should be: ROOF DRAINAGE C22 Roof drainage shall adequately carry rainwater to a suitable outfall New rainwater drainage systems should be installed in accordance with NHBC Standards Chapter 7.1 ‘Flat roofs and balconies’ or Chapter 7. regardless of the size of the roof. unless the roof covering and construction has been independently assessed to confirm it is acceptable at zero falls. All roofs (excluding small areas less than 6m2) should have adequate rainwater drainage. Existing reinforced concrete or steel flat roof or balcony structures should be in satisfactory condition. including parapet and other hidden gutters should be assessed as part of the survey(s). assessed in accordance with Technical Requirements R3 and R5. Further guidance is given in NHBC Standards Chapter 7. (b) weatherproofing Correct detailing of the various interfaces. will be required to prevent water entering the building. The size of the overflow outlet should not be less than the size of the rainwater outlet (or outlets if there are several). the capacity of the gutters. Flat roofs and balconies should have post construction minimum falls of 1:80. particularly those beneath balcony door openings. Holding down/restraint strapping should be provided to meet current requirements where it is necessary. and upgraded where necessary. Recovering of roofs and balconies over the existing waterproofing is not generally permitted unless the system has been assessed in accordance with Technical Requirement R3. Existing lead gutters should be reconstructed and re-lined where there is inadequate allowance for movement. • • • CIRIA Report 111 Institution of Structural Engineers Report ‘Appraisal of existing structures’. and BRE Digest 366.Conversions and Renovations The existing structure should be strengthened where replacement roof or balcony coverings are heavier than the existing. Intermediate support should be provided to reduce spans on timber roofs where members would otherwise be overstressed or are excessively deflected.1 ‘Flat roofs and balconies’. Existing rainwater downpipes located internally should normally be replaced and relocated externally. FRAMED BUILDINGS STRUCTURE C23 The loadbearing structure of framed buildings shall transfer loads to the foundations safely and without excessive movement Examples of framed buildings include: • • • • • • steel frame reinforced concrete frame timber frame oak frame. Existing roof coverings should be removed and replaced unless it can be demonstrated that they will perform satisfactorily for the design life of the building. and remedial work carried out as necessary to provide satisfactory in-service performance for the design life of the building. downpipes and the suitability of the outfall should be established. Ventilation to cold deck construction should be provided in accordance with NHBC Standards Chapter 7. Structural alterations should only be carried out on the advice of an Engineer. Where the roof area has an upstand on all sides.2 ‘Pitched roofs’. adequate drainage and an overflow outlet should be provided.

windows and glazing’. and remedial work carried out as necessary to provide satisfactory in-service performance for the design life of the building. The condition of existing doors. windows and glazing should be assessed as part of the survey(s).7 ‘Doors. The condition of existing joinery should be assessed as part of the survey(s). New masonry cladding should be in accordance with NHBC Standards Chapter 6. The following should be taken into account: DOORS. windows and glazing’. (c) security Ironmongery to main and secondary access doors and to windows should be provided in accordance with NHBC Standards Chapter 6. or be permanently protected by suitable guarding Low level openings may require guarding. The survey report should be made available to NHBC.7 ‘Doors. Doors may require upgrading as fire doors. windows and glazing shall ensure satisfactory in-service performance New doors. JOINERY C26 Joinery shall provide satisfactory in-service performance New joinery should be fitted in accordance with NHBC Standards Chapter 8. skirtings and architraves may be retained although refixing may be required damaged joinery should be repaired or replaced reinstatement of existing work should include appropriate treatment where necessary in accordance with Clause C6. Page 20 of 31 Effective: July 2005 NHBC Standards for Conversions and Renovations April 2005 edition . A proprietary repair system used in accordance with the manufacturer’s recommendations may be an acceptable alternative. C13 and C14 roofs should be assessed in accordance with Clauses C20. The following should be taken into account: • • • break safely. specified and installed in accordance with NHBC Standards Chapter 6.4 ‘Finishings and fitments’. Existing curtain walling and cladding systems should be surveyed by a suitably qualified and experienced specialist surveyor. existing picture rails. • • • where the wood is sound.7 ‘Doors. (b) glazing Insulating glass units should normally be replaced in accordance with NHBC Standards Chapter 6. Special provisions may be necessary if they are also used for means of escape.1 ‘External masonry walls’ and the Engineer’s design. windows and glazing should be designed.9 ‘Curtain walling and cladding’. windows and glazing’. WINDOWS AND GLAZING C25 Doors. Door frames may act as integral members of partition framing. which should be carried out in accordance with an appropriately tested specification. Glazing in critical locations should either: New curtain walling and cladding systems should be designed and installed in accordance with NHBC Standards Chapter 6. • • • • existing cladding systems should normally be removed before the replacement system is installed replacement systems should be fixed to the structure existing masonry cladding should be assessed in accordance with Clauses C12.Conversions and Renovations FRAMED BUILDINGS WEATHERPROOFING C24 The external walls and roofs of framed buildings shall be suitable for their exposure and resist the passage of moisture to the inside of the building Items to be taken into account include: (a) timber doors and windows Rotten sections should be replaced with durable or preservative treated timber. Excessively warped or twisted doors and windows should be repaired or replaced. C21 and C22. reinstatement/repair should not reduce structural integrity. Remedial work should be carried out as necessary to provide satisfactory in-service performance. or be robust or in small panes. dado rails. and remedial work carried out as necessary to provide satisfactory in-service performance.

(b) existing wall and ceiling finishes Where existing backgrounds are to be retained they should be sound and provide an adequate backing for the proposed finish. wall and ceiling finishes should be applied in accordance with NHBC Standards Chapters 8. Lighting circuits and those supplying power to smoke detectors should not be protected by a residual current device. New gas services should be installed in accordance with NHBC Standards Chapter 8. gas services shall be in accordance with current standards and codes SERVICES – WATER C28 Every home shall have an adequate hot and cold water supply New hot and cold water services should be installed in accordance with NHBC Standards Chapter 8. wall and ceiling finishes should be assessed as part of the survey(s). The moisture content of external walls.2 ‘Wall and ceiling finishes’ and 8.Conversions and Renovations FLOOR. lighting and television reception should be in accordance with NHBC Standards Chapter 8.1 ‘Internal services’.1 ’Internal services’ and are in a safe working condition with a reasonable life expectancy. WALL AND CEILING FINISHES C27 Workmanship shall provide a satisfactory finish New floor. standards and codes New systems should be installed in accordance with NHBC Standards Chapter 8. floors and ceilings should be taken into account where separate internal frames and linings are proposed. all power circuits supplying sockets should be protected by a residual current device to BS 4293. The size and condition of the existing supply should be assessed as part of the survey(s). The condition of existing floor. NHBC Standards for Conversions and Renovations April 2005 edition Page 21 of 31 Effective: July 2005 . Existing hot and cold water services should normally be replaced.3 ‘Floor finishes’. Adhesive dabs should not be used for fixing to existing solid walls. SERVICES – GAS C30 Where provided.1 ‘Internal services’. space heating shall be in accordance with building regulations. SERVICES – ELECTRICAL C29 Every home shall have an adequate and safe electrical installation New electrical services should be installed in accordance with NHBC Standards Chapter 8. To meet with this regulation. and remedial work carried out as necessary to provide satisfactory in-service performance for the design life of the building. Plaster that is not keyed should be replaced or patched where practicable. with or without a vapour control layer.1 ‘Internal services’. and upgraded as necessary to provide satisfactory in-service performance for the design life of the building. Items to be taken into account include: (a) linings Linings and separating frames.1 ‘Internal services’. SERVICES – SPACE HEATING C31 Where provided. The provision of socket outlets. should only be applied to a dry and stable background. Existing electrical installations should normally be replaced unless it can be demonstrated that they are in a safe working condition and have a reasonable life expectancy.1 ‘Internal services’. Socket outlets which might reasonably be used to supply power to external appliances should be protected by a residual current device (RCD). All gas services should comply with the Gas Safety (Installation and use) Regulations current at the time of the conversion or renovation. Existing heating systems should normally be replaced unless it can be demonstrated that they comply with NHBC Standards Chapter 8. All electrical installations should comply with BS 7671 formerly the Institution of Electrical Engineers (IEE) Wiring Regulations current at the time of the conversion or renovation. Existing gas services should normally be replaced.

The following should be taken into account: EXTERNAL WORKS . and remedial work carried out as necessary to provide satisfactory in-service performance for the design life of the building. and remedial work carried out as necessary to provide satisfactory in-service performance for the design life of the building. paths and landscaping’. New extract fan systems should be installed in accordance with NHBC Standards Chapter 8. paths and landscaping’. Decoration should allow walls to ‘breathe’ so that vapour pressure does not build up behind the surface.5 ‘Painting and decorating’. and proposed loading assessment of damage or deterioration that the wall or structure has all the necessary cappings.1 ‘Garages’. The condition of the existing access should be assessed as part of the survey(s). PAINTING AND DECORATING C34 Paint and decorative systems shall provide an acceptable finish New and existing work should be thoroughly cleaned down. Metal doors and windows should be stripped before redecoration.1 ‘Internal services’. copings and dpcs that the copings shed water clear of the wall. EXTERNAL WORKS – FREESTANDING WALLS AND RETAINING STRUCTURES C37 Freestanding walls and retaining structures shall be adequate for their intended purpose New freestanding walls and retaining structures should be designed and constructed in accordance with NHBC Standards Chapter 9. Outbuildings converted into garages should meet the requirements of NHBC Standards Chapter 9. should normally be provided in accordance with NHBC Standards Chapter 9.2 ‘Drives. walls to converted garages do not normally need to be totally weather resistant and floors do not normally require a damp proof membrane. and remedial work carried out as necessary to provide satisfactory in-service performance for the design life of the building. kitchens and bathrooms within a home. prepared and a new finish applied in accordance with NHBC Standards Chapter 8.2 ‘Drives. and remedial work carried out as necessary to provide satisfactory in-service performance for their intended purpose for the design life of the building. including private roads. which substantially meets with building regulations applicable to new build. Existing systems to be retained or extended should substantially meet with current requirements.ACCESS C35 Adequate access shall be provided to and around the home Access. and common parts in flats. private drives. Page 22 of 31 Effective: July 2005 • • • • the stability of the wall or structure. NHBC Standards for Conversions and Renovations April 2005 edition . shared private drives.Conversions and Renovations SERVICES – VENTILATION C32 Homes shall be adequately ventilated All existing habitable rooms. The condition of existing garages and outbuildings should be assessed as part of the survey(s). In accordance with requirements for new garages.1 ‘Garages’.1 ‘Internal services’. Where necessary timber doors and windows should be stripped before redecoration. New above ground soil and waste systems should be installed in accordance with NHBC Standards Chapter 8. The condition of existing freestanding walls and retaining structures should be assessed as part of the survey(s). should be provided with ventilation. The condition of the existing soil and waste system should be assessed and tested as part of the survey(s). car parking areas and paths. EXTERNAL WORKS – GARAGES AND OUTBUILDINGS C36 Garages and converted outbuildings shall be suitable for their intended purposes SERVICES – ABOVE GROUND DRAINAGE C33 Above ground drainage systems shall ensure satisfactory in-service performance New garages should be designed and constructed in accordance with NHBC Standards Chapter 9.

C41 All relevant information shall be distributed to appropriate personnel • • • • • • • construction rubbish and debris should be removed from garden and other areas around the home old foundations. NHBC Standards for Conversions and Renovations April 2005 edition Page 23 of 31 Effective: July 2005 . paths and landscaping’. paths and landscaping’. Further guidance is given in NHBC Standards Chapter 4.0m from the habitable parts.2 ‘Building near trees’. Where trees or shrubs have been removed. should be prevented by drainage or other suitable means. The design and specification should be made available to all appropriate personnel including site supervisors and relevant specialists. EXTERNAL WORKS – LANDSCAPING C39 Possible future damage to the home caused by planting shall be minimised Works should be carried out in accordance with NHBC Standards Chapter 9. and be readily available. are to be retained or are to be planted by the builder. precautions should be taken to reduce the risk of future damage to homes and services. sub contractors and/or suppliers. The following should be taken into account: All relevant information relating to the conversion or renovation should be stated clearly and unambiguously.2 ‘Drives. concrete bases and similar obstructions occurring within 300mm of the finished ground surface should be removed any ground disturbed during the conversion or renovation works should be re-graded to conform to the general shape of the adjacent ground subsoil should not be placed over topsoil and any topsoil disturbed should be reinstated garden areas should be provided with topsoil to a thickness of not less than 100mm the topsoil should not contain contaminants which are likely to present a hazard to users of the garden waterlogging of the ground around the home.2 ‘Drives. up to a maximum 3.Conversions and Renovations EXTERNAL WORKS – GARDEN AREAS (up to 20m from the habitable parts of the home) C38 Garden areas shall be stable and adequately prepared for cultivation PROVISION OF INFORMATION C40 Designs and specifications shall be produced in a clearly understandable format and include all relevant information Work should be carried out in accordance with NHBC Standards Chapter 9.

org English Heritage www.uk Environment Agency www.co.rics.co.cwct.gov.uk Guarantee Protection Insurance Ltd (GPIC) www.org.org.ihbc.environment-agency.org The Institution of Structural Engineers www.uk Centre for Window and Cladding Technology (CWCT) www.bwpda.bre.uk Institute of Historic Building Conservation (IHBC) www.uk Timber Research and Development Association (TRADA) www.uk Building Research Establishment (BRE) www.org.bpca.gptprotection.abi.uk Page 24 of 31 Effective: July 2005 NHBC Standards for Conversions and Renovations April 2005 edition .trada.org.co.co.uk British Pest Control Association (BPCA) www.IstructE.org. english-heritage.uk Construction Industry Research and Information Association (CIRIA) www.uk Royal Institution of Chartered Surveyors (RICS) www.uk British Wood Preserving and Damp-proofing Association (BWPDA) www.APPENDIX A Conversions and Renovations Useful contacts Association of British Insurers (ABI) www.ciria.org.

causes.Corrosion of steel in concrete Underpinning Brownfield sites .roofs Re-covering pitched roofs Page 25 of 31 Effective: July 2005 BRECSU GPG BRECSU GPG BRE GRG NHBC Standards for Conversions and Renovations April 2005 edition .Parts 1 to 4 Parts 1.Improving sound insulation Refurbishment site guidance for solid walled houses .practical guidance Damp proofing existing basements Drain and sewer systems outside buildings rehabilitation Repairing and replacing ground floors Suspended timber ground floor : remedying dampness due to inadequate ventilation Understanding Dampness .best practice guide Removing internal loadbearing walls in older property Parts 1 & 2 .Part 1 Simple measuring and monitoring of movement in low-rise buildings . dpc’s.roofs Refurbishment site guidance for solid walled houses .effects. diagnosis and remedies Corrosion of metal components in walls Cavity parapets : installation of copings.effects. causes.specification External masonry walls : repointing Understanding dampness .ground related risks for buildings Asbestos and man made mineral fibres in buildings . 2 & 3 . diagnosis and remedies Rising damp in walls : diagnosis and treatment Rain penetration through masonry walls : diagnosis and remedial measures External masonry walls : repointing .APPENDIX A Conversions and Renovations Useful publications BRE BRE ISE BRE BRE BRE BRE BRE BRE BRE BRE BRE BRE BRE BRE BRE BRE DETR BRE BSI BRE BRE BRE BRE BRE BRE BRE BRE BRE BRE BRE BRE BRE BRE BRE CIRIA BRE BRE GBG BS EN GRG DAS Report Digest Report DAS DAS Report Digest DAS Reports GRG GBG GBG GBG Publication GBG GRG 33 2 4 1 C579 20 22 296 297 14 3 752-5 17 73 466 245 117 71 72 466 461 107 Report DAS DAS Special Digest Digest Digest Report 453 103 74 1 444 352 447 GBG Digest Report Report Report Digest Digest Digest Digest 167 168 251 343 344 361 6 366 Outline guide to assessment of traditional housing for rehabilitation Structural appraisal of existing buildings for change of use Appraisal of Existing Structures Assessing traditional housing for rehabilitation Surveyor’s checklist for rehabilitation of traditional housing Assessment of damage in low-rise buildings Simple measuring and monitoring of movement in low-rise buildings . trays and flashings BRE building elements Assessing moisture in building materials : sources of moisture Surveying masonry chimneys for repair or rebuilding Repairing or rebuilding masonry chimneys Repairing or replacing lintels Retention of masonry façades .Part 2 Why do buildings crack? Subsidence damage to domestic buildings Recognising wood rot and insect damage in buildings Wood floors : reducing risk of recurrent dry rot Suspended timber ground floors : repairing rotted joists Concrete in aggressive ground .

be accepted as indicating adequacy provided alterations would not adversely affect the basement. (b) contaminants The survey(s) should identify contaminants. or to areas where rot or infestation are obvious. agriculture/industry.e. signs of movement. condensation and/or moisture penetration) tanking: feasibility of installing new tanking where required ventilation: feasibility of installing ventilation drainage and other services. The survey(s) should not be confined to easily inspected areas. Any residual contamination caused by the previous use. should be established by the survey(s). explosive or asphyxiant gases.g. taking account of the likelihood of rot and pest infestation.g. Causes of defects and damage should be accurately identified. e. Satisfactory past performance may. deterioration of concrete etc.mature height and root growth level of water table. including radioactive. cause and extent of current beetle infestation or wood rot should be identified. (a) previous usage The survey(s) should establish to what extent the land and buildings included in the conversion or renovation project have been adversely affected by the former use and occupancy. Page 26 of 31 Effective: July 2005 NHBC Standards for Conversions and Renovations April 2005 edition . The items listed in this Appendix should be considered and included in the survey(s) as appropriate. at NHBC’s discretion. at NHBC’s discretion. which may have altered since construction existing water courses level and type of foundations structural defects e. be accepted as demonstrating adequacy provided alterations would not adversely affect the foundations. The BRE publication “Recognising wood rot and insect damage in buildings” gives guidance. Where appropriate. or where the building will be within the likely sphere of influence of a landfill where gas production is possible. (f) basements Items to be taken into account include: • • • • • • future use structure: ability of the structure to take any proposed loading condition of the structural floor above dampness: damage to the existing structure caused by dampness (i. (c) wood rot and beetle infestation The survey(s) should be appropriate for the building. condition of foundations where drains/services pass through or beneath evidence of sulfate attack.1 ‘Land quality – managing ground conditions’. Further guidance may be found in NHBC Standards Chapter 4.APPENDIX B Conversions and Renovations SURVEY(S) OF EXISTING BUILDINGS The survey(s) should be carried out in accordance with Clause C1. (d) vermin and pest infestation Points of entry for vermin and pest should be identified. the effect on foundations of proposed alterations or extensions to the building should be accounted for in the survey(s). Satisfactory past performance of foundations may. cracking. Where the ground covered by the building is within 250m of landfill. other toxic. or where there is reason to suspect that there may be gaseous contamination of the ground. (e) foundations Items to be taken into account include: • • • • • • • • ground conditions/type of soil/varying ground levels trees . The source. further investigation should be made to establish what protective measures may be necessary.

APPENDIX B Conversions and Renovations (g) below ground foul and surface water drainage Existing drainage should normally be replaced. e. Items to be taken into account include: CRACKING The cause of cracking should be identified together with the likely effect on stability.g. fine cracks (1. or proprietary system.g. or subsidence bowing. cracking of screed cracked or sloping slab which may indicate heave evidence of sulfate attack effective damp proof membrane – adequate linking with dpcs effective ventilation of sub floor void. or effect of sulfate reaction) render should not bridge the dpc. RENDERING • many fine cracks (shrinkage or over-strong mix) • • detached from substrate (shrinkage. The structural condition should be identified including suitability for alteration. ground movement (cracks widening and extending to outer edge of walls). external leaf fair face brick. masonry with rubble fill. Additional items to be taken into account include: TIMBER FLOORS • joist size. eaves. NHBC Standards for Conversions and Renovations April 2005 edition Page 27 of 31 Effective: July 2005 .g. More serious cracks can be caused by: (h) ground floors Effects of proposed alterations on existing floors. (timber frame ties unsuitable or wrongly fixed) subsidence. steel or cast iron frame. manholes and inspection chambers location of manholes and inspection chambers adequate access for cleaning sealing of redundant drainage proposals for dealing with existing cesspools and septic tanks. timber frame. heads etc. rendering or cladding. rotation of sills.5mm max) may not require re-pointing or masonry repair. Items to be taken into account when assessing existing drainage include: CONCRETE FLOORS • type and condition of floor • • • • • • gaps below skirting which may indicate settlement of fill. gaps below skirting any existing insulation. concrete. stone or cob). solid masonry. masonry with cavity. and related ground levels should be taken into account. Cracking should be monitored where continuing movement that could adversely affect the structure is suspected. damaged. bottom edge of rendering. span and condition • • • • • • • • bearings to joists sleeper walls dpcs provided beneath wall plates excessive drilling and notching of joists condition of related dpm. not adequately linked) effective ventilation of sub-floor void sloping or sagging floors. regional (eg. parapet copings. (i) walls The type of wall construction should be identified. e. • • • • • sulfate attack (expansion of jointing mortar) wall tie corrosion (cracking of mortar beds) roof spread (walls pushed out of plumb) outer leaf pushed outwards. dpcs (bridged. Weathering details should be checked e. sills. • • • • • • • • • • • the results of the CCTV survey adequacy of existing system (capacity related to proposed use and number of people who will use the building) evidence of leakage evidence of surcharging or blockage such as soiled benching suitable outfall evidence that the flow is self-cleansing condition of pipework.

fireplaces and hearths Items to be taken into account include: • • • • damaged or detached cladding panels detached or missing insulation damaged or defective fixings damaged felt or breather membrane. (i) external walls – exposure rating The survey(s) should establish the exposure rating of the building. gaskets and seals The above should also be established for walls and floors which will act as separating elements in the converted building. capping. brickwork. (n) separating walls and floors The survey(s) should identify the adequacy of existing separating walls and floors. (j) support of openings Existing lintels should be examined to establish their structural stability. (k) external walls – rain penetration and dampness Items to be taken into account include: • • • • evidence of rain penetration evidence of rising damp e. • • spread of fire and smoke (separating walls in some older houses may not continue into the roof space) sound. (p) timber upper floors Items to be taken into account include: • • • • • joist size. or defective dpc. span and condition bearings to joists where bedded in solid brickwork. or bridged dpc. cavity trays.g. including whether rebuilding is necessary condition of mortar. It should not be assumed that solid walls that are dry on the inner face at the time of survey(s). including their resistance to: • floor and roof timbers should have effective bearing on supporting walls. discontinuous. Buildings that were not previously dwellings will require particular attention. CURTAIN WALLING AND CLADDING • condition of existing system including glazing units. or joist hangers excessive drilling and notching of joists sloping or sagging floors. flues. vertical dpcs evidence of internal condensation (staining) blocked rainwater goods. hearths. STABILITY OF CAVITY WALLS The survey(s) should establish whether there is corrosion of wall ties and recommend appropriate remedial action. Effective anchorage may be required. The effect of alterations on existing partitions should be ascertained. pointing. gaps below skirting effect of proposed alterations. flaunching or chimney pots suitability of flues for proposed appliances condition of linings / parging to flues proximity of combustible materials to flues/flue pipes condition of existing fireplaces.APPENDIX B Conversions and Renovations SURVEY(S) OF EXISTING BUILDINGS LATERAL RESTRAINT • walls that provide end restraint or intermediate buttressing to external walls should be effectively bonded or tied to the relevant external wall (m) internal partitions The survey(s) should confirm that existing internal partitions have adequate strength for their purpose. • • • • • • • structural stability. Page 28 of 31 Effective: July 2005 NHBC Standards for Conversions and Renovations April 2005 edition . taking account of possible altered loadings caused by the conversion or renovation of the building. as the exclusion of dampness into the building may not have been critical in the former use. lateral restraint straps may be required. (o) chimneys. rendering. would remain so during adverse weather conditions. lack of. masonry condition of flashings and soakers.

Additional items to be taken into account include: • • • • • • • (s) pitched roofs STRUCTURE Items to be taken into account include: adequacy of joist bearings. external joinery and metalwork Items to be taken into account include: • • • • • • • extent of damage or deterioration to aluminium windows extent of corrosion to metal windows – whether restoration is feasible extent of rot in timber windows. • • • • • • flashings soffits. NHBC Standards for Conversions and Renovations April 2005 edition Page 29 of 31 Effective: July 2005 . weather bars and other weatherings the condition of existing ironmongery security – existing ironmongery may be inappropriate safety – additional guarding to openings may be required. damaged. broken or slipped units. (u) doors. balconies Roof coverings will normally be removed and replaced. and of its fixings adequacy of falls. signs of ponding condition of flashings. or in slating/tiling adequate triangulation. and supporting area of wall suitability of floor to take new loadings condition of screed. size and span of joists condition of reinforced concrete condition/adequacy of insulation within roof system condition of guarding. dimensions and structural condition of access to loft space condition of sarking boards.APPENDIX B Conversions and Renovations (q) concrete upper floors Items to be taken into account include: WEATHERPROOFING/INSULATION Roof coverings will normally be removed and replaced. landings. • • • • • • • • • • size. the survey(s) should accurately establish the current condition and anticipated durability of the coverings e. condition of timber generally. Additional items to be taken into account include the condition and adequacy of existing: • • • • • type and condition of floor where bearing on walls. missing. risers. doors including frames. excessive movement/sloping of treads. span and condition of structural members evidence of spread undulations in ridge line. eaves details condition of rainwater disposal. fascias and bargeboards etc. purlin support proper support of water tanks and possibility of extra loading joints and connections between members. lateral restraint bearing on supporting structure location. sills. (r) staircases Items to be taken into account include: • • • • • structural stability e. sarking felt etc rainwater disposal goods. lateral restraint. condition of supporting area of wall condition of supporting beams. (t) flat roofs. reliability of handrails/balusters consistency of rise and going.g. condition of joists. windows. including metal fasteners (signs of corrosion) bracing. gutters and downpipes etc insulation ventilation. thresholds effectiveness of throatings. Where it is proposed to retain any existing pitched roof coverings.g. pitch and headroom safety aspects where staircase is lit by glazing whether the stairs are safe to use and unobstructed by opening of doors suitability for possible use as means of escape in case of fire. deteriorated.

where these are to be retained condition of decorative work e. (z) Painting and decorating Items to be taken into account include: (y) services WATER Where existing hot and cold water services are to be retained their current condition should be established.APPENDIX B Conversions and Renovations SURVEY(S) OF EXISTING BUILDINGS (v) glazing Existing insulating glass units should normally be replaced. SPACE HEATING The condition and capacity of any existing means of space heating should be established. • • the age of the existing installation whether the existing installation is suitable for extending. • • • soundness of plaster. cornices and ceiling roses feasibility of providing matching work as required. plasterboard on walls and ceilings etc. when cleaned down can provide a stable substrate for new work to enable satisfactory and durable finish where necessary. (w) internal joinery Items to be taken into account include: GAS The gas service should be replaced unless it can be shown that the existing service is in a safe condition and will have a reasonable life expectancy. ABOVE GROUND DRAINAGE SYSTEMS Where existing systems are to be retained and/or extended the new system should substantially meet with current requirements. Items to be taken into account include: ELECTRICAL A new electrical service will be required unless it can be shown that the existing service is in a safe condition and will have a reasonable life expectancy.g.g. Page 30 of 31 Effective: July 2005 NHBC Standards for Conversions and Renovations April 2005 edition . Items to be taken into account include: • • security – existing glazing systems may be inappropriate safety – where there is a risk of accidental breakage. friezes. Items to be taken into account include: • • • • • • • drinking water cold water storage hot water storage water heating distribution – lead pipework should be removed and replaced protection against frost controls. • • • • • the condition of existing painting and decoration whether existing painting. breathable paints. Items to be taken into account include: • • • condition of joinery condition of ironmongery condition of internal partitions. timber doors and windows should be stripped before redecoration metal doors and windows should be stripped before redecoration any special coatings required e. (x) finishes Items to be taken into account include: • • • • condition/suitability of flues for gas installation gas pipes in unventilated voids corrosion of steel pipes whether the existing installation is suitable for extending.

or will be.0m of the habitable parts of the building whether proposed works increase the risk of such waterlogging the effect of any trees or shrubs that have been.APPENDIX B Conversions and Renovations (aa) access Items to be taken into account include: • • condition of existing paths and drives levels of paths etc and ground adjacent to the buildings. NHBC Standards for Conversions and Renovations April 2005 edition Page 31 of 31 Effective: July 2005 . (ac) freestanding walls and retaining structures Items to be taken into account include: • • • • the stability and condition of freestanding and retaining structures the effect of any proposed changes in loading the effect of any adjacent excavations or changes in ground levels etc that all weatherproofing details necessary to ensure durability are present and in satisfactory condition. etc and establish their suitability for that use. (ab) garages and outbuildings The survey(s) should identify the condition of buildings which will be used for garages. (ad) garden areas and landscaping Items to be taken into account include: • • • • the effect of any changes in levels any waterlogging within 3. workshops or storage. removed.

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