Effective oral presentations

Checklist and 7 P approach (Engleberg, 1994)



1. Purpose
 Purpose:- Why are you speaking? What do you want audience members to know, think, believe, or do as a result of your presentation



People  People : Who is your audience? How do the characteristics. and behaviors of your audience affect your purpose adtrindade/2010 4 . skills. opinions.2.

3. Place  Place: Why are you speaking to this group now and in this place? How can you plan and adapt to the logistics of this place. How can you use visual aids to help you achieve your purpose adtrindade/2010 5 .

adtrindade/2010 6 . Preparation  Preparation Where and how can you find good ideas and information for your speech? How much and what kind of supporting materials do you need.4.

Preparation is a Key Word! adtrindade/2010 7 .

etc.5. people. place. Planning  Planning: Is there a natural order to the ideas and information you will use? What are the most effective ways to organize your speech in order to adapt it to the purpose. adtrindade/2010 8 .

charisma.6. and character to the audience? adtrindade/2010 9 . Personality  Personality: How do you become associated with your message in a positive way? What can you do to demonstrate your competence.

How should you practice? adtrindade/2010 10 .7. What delivery techniques will make your presentation more effective. Performance  Performance: What form of delivery is best suited to the purpose of your speech.

Performance and materials-2 adtrindade/2010 11 .

adtrindade/2010 12 . Harper Collins: New York. 1994. Engleberg. The Principles of Public Presentation. Isa N.

Well.Structure 1. Great.  Good. OK. Let's begin. Getting Attention  Right. Fine. Can we start?  Shall we start? Let's get the ball rolling. Erm.  Let's get down to business. adtrindade/2010 13 .

Good afternoon esteemed guests Good evening members of the board Fellow colleagues Mr. Chairman/Chairwoman  Thank you for your kind introduction      adtrindade/2010 14 . Greet the audience Hello ladies and gentlemen. Good morning members of the jury.2.

 My name is.  Good morning everyone.  I've had wide experience in the field of .. I'd like to start by introducing myself..3. let me introduce myself...  I am a doctoral candidate/ medical doctor…  I am a researcher from … I've been working on the subject now for X years.. adtrindade/2010 15 .. Introduce yourself  Good afternoon ladies and gentlemen.

3. to give the floor to someone. Introducing another person  I am very pleased and proud to introduce …who is….) adtrindade/2010 16 . (to take the floor. He/she is known for…  Now I'll turn the floor over to today's speaker.1. to have the floor.

.....  I will not speak about....  I have limited my speech to  My talk will last about 15 minutes      adtrindade/2010 17 . Introduce the title and duration I plan to speak about. Today I'm going to talk about. I've been asked to give you an overview of...4. The subject of my presentation is. The theme of my talk is...

 to give you the essential background information on..... Give your objectives  What I would like to do today is to explain.  What I want my listeners to get out of my speech is.  to outline..  to have a look at..5.. to illustrate.  If there is one thing I'd like to get across to you today it is that… adtrindade/2010 18 ....

..  In the next section I will explain  In part three. adtrindade/2010 19 .  I have divided my presentation (up) into Y parts..  In the last part I would like/want to give a practical example.  In the first part I give a few basic definitions. I am going to show.. Announce your outline  I have broken my speech down/up into X parts.6.

as I said earlier…. which is.7. adtrindade/2010 20 . Transition between introduction and Body  Now let us turn to point one.  Let us now move on to the second part.

.. two.  Now let us look at the first aspect which is.8.  First of all. Body – useful expressions to act as signposts  There are three things we have to consider: one.…  In the first place… adtrindade/2010 21 .... and three...

.. (subject of part A) and now let us turn to ..1.8.. let us turn to… adtrindade/2010 22 ..  Now that we've seen... Body – useful expressions to act as links  That's all I would like to say about.

 A number of options present themselves at this point...3...  We cannot ignore the problems that such an action would create..  What exactly are the benefits?  On the plus side we can add.  This is not the only weakness of........  We do not need to concern ourselves with…  Of lesser interest are… adtrindade/2010 23 .  If we were to.. Options  There seem to be two possible ways of dealing with this.8.

Examples       Now let's take an example.4..8. adtrindade/2010 24 . An example of this can be found. For example. To illustrate this… Let's see this through an example. For instance..

 In other words  Another way of saying the same thing is  That is to say  i.5. To rephrase  Let me rephrase that.8. (id est) adtrindade/2010 25 .e.

To summarize          To summarize To sum up. To recap what we've seen so far.8..6. Let me summarize by saying So that concludes my overview In conclusion Briefly said In short. What I've tried to show in this part. adtrindade/2010 26 ....

. adtrindade/2010 27 .... I'd like to emphasize the fact that. What is important to remember....8. To emphasize      What is very significant is...7.. I’d like to stress the importance of. to highlight.

.8.  To repeat what I've said already… adtrindade/2010 28 ....  As we saw in part one. To refer to previously said  As I have already said earlier.8.

To refer to what you will say  We will see this a little later on.  We will go into more detail on that later.9..  For now.  This will be the subject of part 3. suffice to say.8. adtrindade/2010 29 ..

..... X says in his book. Here I'd like to quote… As Mr. In the words of… According to..8.10 To refer someone famous       I quote the words of . There is a famous quotation that goes adtrindade/2010 30 .

Summary  I'd like to summarize/sum up  At this stage I would like to run through/over the main points..9.... as we have seen today. adtrindade/2010 31 ...  So.  As I have tried to explain this morning/afternoon... Conclusion .

. Recommendation  As a result we suggest that…  In the light of what we have seen today I suggest that..9..2. adtrindade/2010 32 .  My first proposal is..

 My final comments concern.  I would like to finish by reminding everyone that. adtrindade/2010 33 ....9....3. Final  In conclusion I would like to say that.

Avoid: adtrindade/2010 34 .

Be Cool! adtrindade/2010 35 .

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