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Effective oral presentations

Checklist and 7 P
approach (Engleberg,

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1. Purpose
 Purpose:- Why are you speaking?
What do you want audience members
to know, think, believe, or do as a
result of your presentation

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2. People
 People : Who is your audience? How
do the characteristics, skills, opinions,
and behaviors of your audience affect
your purpose

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3. Place
 Place: Why are you speaking to this
group now and in this place? How can
you plan and adapt to the logistics of
this place. How can you use visual
aids to help you achieve your purpose

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4. Preparation
 Preparation Where and how can you
find good ideas and information for
your speech? How much and what
kind of supporting materials do you

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Preparation is a Key Word!

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5. Planning
 Planning: Is there a natural order to
the ideas and information you will
use? What are the most effective
ways to organize your speech in order
to adapt it to the purpose, people,
place, etc.

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6. Personality
 Personality: How do you become
associated with your message in a
positive way? What can you do to
demonstrate your competence,
charisma, and character to the

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7. Performance
 Performance: What form of delivery
is best suited to the purpose of your
speech. What delivery techniques will
make your presentation more
effective. How should you practice?

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Performance and materials-2

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 Engleberg, Isa N. The Principles of
Public Presentation. Harper Collins:
New York, 1994.

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Structure 1. Getting Attention
 Right. Well. OK. Erm. Let's begin.
 Good. Fine. Great. Can we start?
 Shall we start? Let's get the ball
 Let's get down to business.

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2. Greet the audience
 Hello ladies and gentlemen.
 Good morning members of the jury.
 Good afternoon esteemed guests
 Good evening members of the board
 Fellow colleagues Mr.
 Thank you for your kind introduction

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3. Introduce yourself
 Good afternoon ladies and gentlemen, let
me introduce myself.
 Good morning everyone, I'd like to start by
introducing myself.
 My name is...
 I am a doctoral candidate/ medical doctor…
 I am a researcher from … I've been working
on the subject now for X years...
 I've had wide experience in the field of ...

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3.1. Introducing another person
 I am very pleased and proud to
introduce …who is…. He/she is known
 Now I'll turn the floor over to today's
speaker. (to take the floor, to have
the floor, to give the floor to

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4. Introduce the title and duration
 I plan to speak about...
 Today I'm going to talk about...
 The subject of my presentation is...
 The theme of my talk is...
 I've been asked to give you an overview
 I will not speak about...
 I have limited my speech to
 My talk will last about 15 minutes
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5. Give your objectives
 What I would like to do today is to explain,
to illustrate...
 to give you the essential background
information on...
 to outline...
 to have a look at...
 What I want my listeners to get out of my
speech is...
 If there is one thing I'd like to get across to
you today it is that…

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6. Announce your outline
 I have broken my speech down/up into X
 I have divided my presentation (up) into Y
 In the first part I give a few basic
 In the next section I will explain
 In part three, I am going to show...
 In the last part I would like/want to give a
practical example...

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7. Transition between introduction
and Body
 Now let us turn to point one.
 Let us now move on to the second
part, which is, as I said earlier….

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8. Body – useful expressions to act
as signposts
 There are three things we have to
consider: one.., two.., and three..
 Now let us look at the first aspect
which is...
 First of all,…
 In the first place…

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8.1. Body – useful expressions to
act as links
 That's all I would like to say about...
(subject of part A) and now let us
turn to ....
 Now that we've seen... let us turn to…

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8.3. Options
 There seem to be two possible ways of dealing with
 If we were to...
 A number of options present themselves at this
 What exactly are the benefits?
 On the plus side we can add...
 This is not the only weakness of...
 We cannot ignore the problems that such an action
would create...
 We do not need to concern ourselves with…
 Of lesser interest are…

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8.4. Examples
 Now let's take an example.
 An example of this can be found...
 To illustrate this…
 Let's see this through an example.
 For example,
 For instance,

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8.5. To rephrase
 Let me rephrase that,
 In other words
 Another way of saying the same
thing is
 That is to say
 i.e. (id est)

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8.6. To summarize
 To summarize
 To sum up,
 Let me summarize by saying
 So that concludes my overview
 In conclusion
 Briefly said
 In short,
 What I've tried to show in this part...
 To recap what we've seen so far...

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8.7. To emphasize
 What is very significant is...
 What is important to remember...
 I'd like to emphasize the fact that...
 I’d like to stress the importance of...
 to highlight...

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8.8. To refer to previously said
 As I have already said earlier...
 As we saw in part one...
 To repeat what I've said already…

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8.9. To refer to what you will say
 We will see this a little later on.
 This will be the subject of part 3.
 We will go into more detail on that
 For now, suffice to say...

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8.10 To refer someone famous
 I quote the words of ...
 In the words of…
 According to...
 Here I'd like to quote…
 As Mr. X says in his book...
 There is a famous quotation that goes

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9. Conclusion - Summary
 I'd like to summarize/sum up
 At this stage I would like to run
through/over the main points...
 So, as we have seen today....
 As I have tried to explain this

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9.2. Recommendation
 As a result we suggest that…
 In the light of what we have seen
today I suggest that...
 My first proposal is...

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9.3. Final
 In conclusion I would like to say
 My final comments concern...
 I would like to finish by reminding
everyone that...

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Be Cool!

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