982 Chem Ch14 A1

MULTIPLE CHOICE. Choose the one alternative that best completes the statement or answers the question. 1) Consider the following exothermic reaction:
N2 (g) + 3 H2 (g) 2 NH3 (g)

Which of the following changes would not increase the amount of NH3 produced from given quantities of N2 and H2?

A) an increase in P B) a decrease in V C) removing some NH3 and reestablishing equilibrium D) an increase in T E) none of the above

Answer: D
2 SO3 (g), some helium, an inert gas, is added at constant 2) To an equilibrium mixture of 2 SO2 (g) + O2 (g) volume. The addition of He causes the total pressure to double. Which of the following is true? A) SO2 increases.

C) SO3 increases. D) The number of moles of SO3 increases. Answer: E 3) Consider the following equilibrium:

B) The number of moles of O2 increases.

E) The concentrations of all three gases are unchanged.

PCl5 (g)

PCl3 (g) + Cl2 (g)

2.0 mol of PCl3 and 2.0 mol of Cl2 are placed in a 10.0 L flask at 300°C and allowed to come to equilibrium. Analysis shows 0.70 mol of Cl2 is present in the equilibrium mixture. Determine the value of Kc at this temperature. A) 0.38

B) 0.070

C) 0.70

D) 26

E) 0.038

Answer: E
2 NOCl (g) is allowed to reach equilibrium. Analysis of the equilibrium 4) The reaction: 2 NO (g) + Cl2 (g) mixture shows [NO] = 0.0574, [Cl2] = 0.126, and [NOCl] = 0.248. Calculate Kc for this reaction at this temperature.

A) 148 Answer: A

B) 6.75 × 10-3

C) 2.92 × 10-3

D) 34.2

E) 1.00

5) For the reaction SO2 (g) + Cl2 (g)

SO2 Cl2 (g), Kc = 55.5 at a certain temperature. If 1.00 mole of SO2 (g) and 1.00 mole of Cl2 (g) are placed in a 10.0-L container and allowed to come to equilibrium, what is the equilibrium concentration of SO2Cl2 ?

A) 0.034

B) 0.13

C) 0.066

D) 0.74

E) 0.87

Answer: C

A1-1

6) A mixture is prepared with [CO] = 0.035, [Cl2 ] = 0.015, and [COCl2] = 0.95. It is known that Kc for the
equilibrium CO (g) + Cl2 (g) COCl2 (g) is 1.2 × 103 at 400°C. Predict what will happen. A) The reaction occurs in the reverse direction. B) The reaction occurs in the forward direction. C) The reaction is at equilibrium so no net reaction occurs. D) It is impossible to predict without more information.

Answer: A 7) If 0.01 mol CO(g) and 0.10 mol Cl2(g) are added to a 1.0 L flask, how many moles of CO(g) will there be at equilibrium?
CO (g) + Cl2 (g) COCl2 (g) Kc = 1.2 × 103

A) 3 × 10-3 Answer: C

B) 0.00

C) 9 × 10-5

D) -0.09

E) 0.01

8) According to the following equilibrium,
2 HI (g) H2 (g) + I2 (g) H = -26.48 kJ/mol

the concentration of HI in equilibrium with H2 and I2 will decrease

A) by removing some iodine gas. B) by increasing the pressure of the system. C) by heating the system. D) by addition of a catalyst to the reaction. E) by adding some hydrogen gas.

Answer: A 9) The equilibrium constant for the reaction:

½ H2(g) + ½ I2 (g) HI(g) at 718 K is 7.07.Choice the correct describe about the Kc for this equation at 718 K. ½ H2(g) + ½ I2 (g) Kc=50 2 HI(g) A) HI(g) B) H2 (g) + I2 (g)

Kc=0.141 Kc=50

C) HI(g)

½ H2(g) + ½ I2 (g) Kc=7.07

D) H2 (g) + I2 (g)

2 HI(g)

Answer: D 10) For the reaction 2 SO2 (g) + O2 (g) reaction? (R = 0.0821 L·atm/mol K) A) 2.7 × 102 B) 2.1 × 104 Answer: C
2 SO4 (g), Kc = 2.7 × 102 at 960 K. What is the value of Kp for this

C) 3.4

D) 0.023

E) 0.29

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the equilibrium constant expression is E) CaCO3 / CaO CO2 A) a catalyst is added.52 at 319 K.23 E) 0. C) the temperature of the system is changed.9 × 10-23 1 2 NO (g) + Br2 (g). D) the pressure of the system is changed. what is the K for NO + Br 2 2 NOBr? B) 2. At the same T and P. D) The equilibrium position will not change because there is an excess of calcium carbonate.0 Answer: B 2) Which direction will the following reaction (in a 5.63 E) 4. Choose the one alternative that best completes the statement or answers the question.0 C) 0.76 Answer: B B) 0. E) The equilibrium position will not change because the system is closed. Answer: C B1-1 .58 D) 1.982 Chem Ch14 B1 MULTIPLE CHOICE.0 L flask) proceed if some carbon dioxide is removed? CaCO3 (s) CaO (s) + CO2 (g) Kp = 1. E) the concentration of reactants are changed.0 A) to the right B) to the left C) The equilibrium position will not change because the other components are solids. Answer: A 3) The value of Kp for the reaction 2 NO2 (g) temperature for the reaction 1 N O (g) 2 2 4 N2 O4 (g) is 1.76 4) For the system CaO (s) + CO2 (g) A) CaO [CO2 ] / CaCO3 B) 1/ CO2 C) 1/ CaO CO2 D) CO2 Answer: B 5) The value of Kc is changed when CaCO3 (s).25 for 2 NOBr (g) A) 1.811 C) 0. 1) K = 0. B) the volume of the system is changed.50 D) 0. What is the value of Kp at this NO2 (g)? A) -0.

6) Consider the reaction below: CO (g) + H2O (g) CO2 (g) + H2 (g) H° = -41 kJ All of the following changes would shift the equilibrium to the right except one. how many moles of CO(g) will there be at equilibrium? CO (g) + Cl2 (g) COCl2 (g) Kc = 1.0 L flask. Answer: D B) Increase the partial pressure of H2 O. Analysis shows that 1. D) Decrease the container volume. Determine the value of Kc at 200°C.0 L flask at 200°C and allowed to come to equilibrium. C) The rate of the forward reaction is slow at first.0 moles of PCl5 are placed in a 10. 2 HBr.2 × 103 A) 9 × 10-5 Answer: A B) 0. then increases to a maximum at equilibrium. Kc = 7.93 E) 0.07 B) 0.09 10) Consider the following equilibrium: PCl5 (g) PCl3 (g) + Cl2 (g) 5. 7) For the reaction: H2 + Br2 If 1 mole each of H2 and Br2 are placed in 1-L flask.5 × 102 at a certain temperature.25 B) 0.01 mol CO(g) and 0. C) Add some CO.04 D) 0.0 mole of Cl2 is present in the equilibrium mixture. E) Decrease the temperature. A) 0.46 C) 0.025 E) 0. B) The rate of the forward reaction is equal to the rate of the reverse reaction at equilibrium. D) Equilibria and kinetics cannot be compared.033 Answer: D B1-2 . Which one would not cause the equilibrium to shift to the right? A) Remove some CO2 . what is the concentration of H2 at equilibrium? A) 0.96 Answer: A 8) Which statement below is TRUE? A) The rate of the forward reaction is greater than the rate of the reverse reaction at equilibrium.10 mol Cl2(g) are added to a 1.01 C) 3 × 10-3 D) 0.020 C) 0 D) 0. Answer: B 9) If 0.00 E) -0.

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Calculate the concentration of OH.23 E) 0.(aq) Kc = 1. Answer: D 3) The ionization of water by ammonia is shown below. Assuming that the forward and reverse reactions can be written as elementary steps.76 C) 0. which statement below is true for this reaction at equilibrium? A B + C Kc = 150 A) The rate constants for this reaction cannot be determined based on the equilibrium constant.78 × 10-6 M B) 1.58 Answer: E B) -0. 2 H2 S + 3 O2 how is Kp related to Kc at a given temperature? 2 H2 O + SO2 .78 × 10-5 at 25°C. What is the value of Kp at this NO2 (g)? A) 0.33 × 10-5 M C) 1. Choose the one alternative that best completes the statement or answers the question.76 D) 1. 1) The value of Kp for the reaction 2 NO2 (g) temperature for the reaction 1 N O (g) 2 2 4 N2 O4 (g) is 1.811 2) The equilibrium constant for the following reaction is given.982 Chem Ch14 C1 MULTIPLE CHOICE. E) The rate constants for the forward and reverse reactions are identical at equilibrium.52 at 319 K. C) The rate constant for the forward reaction is 150 times greater than that for the reverse reaction.030 D) 1 × 10-10 E) 30 Answer: D C1-1 . A) greater than B) less than C) equal to D) unrelated to Answer: B 5) For which of the following values of Kc will the equilibrium mixture consist almost entirely of reactants? A) 4 × 108 B) 1. A) 1.(aq) in a 0. B) The rate constant for the forward reaction is smaller than that for the reverse reaction. D) The rate constant for the reverse reaction is 150 times greater than that for the forward reaction.00 C) 0.65 × 10-4 M E) 0.100 M Answer: C 4) For the gaseous system. NH3 (aq) + H2O (l) NH4 + (aq) + OH.1 M ammonia solution at equilibrium.33 × 10-3 M D) 6.

B) Add a catalyst that speeds up the decomposition of SO3 . Which one would not cause the equilibrium to shift to the left? A) Decrease the temperature.0015 M.6) Balance the following equation and determine the equilibrium constant expression. 8) Consider the following reaction at a particular temperature : NO2(g) + N2O(g) 3 NO(g) Given that the equilibrium concentrations are [NO2 ] = 1.7 × 108 D) 1. C ( s) + H2 O (g) C2 H5 OH (g) + O2 (g) (not balanced) A) C2 H5 OH O2 H2O B) [C2 H5OH] [O]2 C2 H5 OH O2 C) C H2 O D) E) C H2 O C 2 H2O 3 C2 H5 OH O2 H2 O 3 Answer: E 7) Consider the reaction below: 2 SO3 (g) 2 SO2 (g) + O2 (g) H° = +198 kJ All of the following changes would shift the equilibrium to the left except one.80 M. [N2 O] = 1.5 × 10-9 9) How many of the following factors affect the numerical value of K? pressure volume chemical equation initial concentration temperature A) 0 Answer: C B) 1 C) 2 D) 3 E) 4 C1-2 .25 M. E) Decrease the container volume.0 ×10-3 C) 6. Answer: B C) Add some SO2. and [NO] =0. Kc.7 × 10-4 Answer: D B) 2. D) Remove some SO3 . what is the value of the equilibrium constant K c? A) 6.

332 atm B) 0. COCl2 (g). When equilibrium is established for the reaction CO(g) + Cl2 (g) COCl2 (g) K p = 22.5 what will be the total gas pressure? A) 0.174 atm D) 0. is introduced into a constant-volume vessel at 395 °C and observed to exert an initial pressure of 0.825 atm Answer: B C1-3 .456 atm C) 0.10) A sample of phosgene.351 atm.

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0821 L·atm/molK) A) 3. if the initial concentration of pure C is 1. which statement below is true for this reaction at equilibrium? A B + C Kc = 150 A) The rate constant for the reverse reaction is 150 times greater than that for the forward reaction.67 D) 1.0015 M. CO (g) + Cl2 (g) COCl2 (g) Kp = 15.29 D) 2.5 × 10-9 D) 6. and [NO] =0. 5) For the reaction: H2 + Br2 If 1 mole each of H2 and Br2 are placed in 1-L flask.0 B) 0. B) The rate constant for the forward reaction is 150 times greater than that for the reverse reaction.45 C) 0.25 M.00 M. E) The rate constants for the forward and reverse reactions are identical at equilibrium. D) The rate constant for the forward reaction is smaller than that for the reverse reaction.14 Answer: C B) 0. what is the value of the equilibrium constant K c? A) 6.5 E) 2.93 Answer: C 2C (g). 1) For the reaction 2 SO2 (g) + O2 (g) reaction? (R = 0.1 × 104 E) 3.5 × 102 at a certain temperature. what is the concentration of H2 at equilibrium? A) 0. What is the value of Kp for this B) 2.2 Answer: D D1-1 .4 Given that the equilibrium concentrations are [NO2 ] = 1.04 E) 0. Kc = 2.0821 L·atm/mol K) A) 0.96 C) 0.7 × 102 C) 0.46 B) 0.7 × 108 B) 2. Choose the one alternative that best completes the statement or answers the question.80 M.319 C) 706 D) 369 E) 1. C) The rate constants for this reaction cannot be determined based on the equilibrium constant.42 × 10-3 4) The equilibrium constant for the following reaction is given. Kc = 7.7 × 102 at 960 K.982 Chem Ch14 D1 MULTIPLE CHOICE.40 M.7 × 10-4 Answer: C 3) Determine the value of Kc for the following reaction given the Kp.07 D) 0.023 Answer: E 2) Consider the following reaction at a particular temperature : NO2(g) + N2O(g) 3 NO(g) 2 SO4 (g). What is the value of K? A) 5. Answer: A 2 HBr.0 at 300°C (R = 0. the equilibrium 6) For the system 2A (g) + B( g) concentration is 0. [N2 O] = 1. Assuming that the forward and reverse reactions can be written as elementary steps.0 ×10-3 C) 1.

7) The concentration equilibrium constant has units of A) atm.0 L flask containing excess CaCO 3(s) and CaO(s)? CaCO3 (s) CaO (s) + CO2 (g) Kp = 1. Answer: C 10) Balance the following equation and determine the correct equilibrium constant expression.0 L flask) proceed if a catalyst is added to the system? CaCO3 (s) CaO (s) + CO2 (g) Kp = 1. Answer: A 9) Which direction will the following reaction (in a 5. C) M.9 x 10-23 A) 1.8 × 10-23 D) 5. Kc. D) The equilibrium position will not change but the concentrations of everything will increase.9 × 10-23 A) to the right B) to the left C) The equilibrium position will not change but the rate will increase. C2H2 (g) + H2 (g) C2H6 (g) (not balanced) A) B) C) D) E) C2H6 C2 H2 H2 2 C2 H2 H2 2 [C2H6 ] [C2 H6 ] [C2 H2 ] [C2 H2 ] [C2 H6 ] C2 H6 2 C2 H2 2 H2 Answer: A D1-2 . E) Kc is unitless. E) It is impossible to tell without more information. B) m. Answer: E 8) What is the total pressure in atmospheres at equilibrium above a 5.8 × 10-24 C) 3.3 ×1022 E) More information is needed to answer this question.9 × 10-23 B) 3. D) The units of Kc depend on the balanced chemical equation.

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0 L flask containing an excess of I2(s). Choose the one alternative that best completes the statement or answers the question.351 atm. 3) Kp for the reaction CaCO3 (s) If a 15.5 what will be the total gas pressure? A) 0. C) the temperature of the system is changed.1 D) 81. E) the pressure of the system is changed. is introduced into a constant-volume vessel at 395 °C and observed to exert an initial pressure of 0.1 C) 36. Answer: C E1-1 .0 L flask) proceed if some carbon dioxide is removed? CaCO3 (s) CaO (s) + CO2 (g) Kp = 1.6 × 10-4 B) 6. B) the concentration of reactants are changed.88 at 600°C.9 × 10-3 C) 3.332 atm D) 0.0 L container and heated to 600°C.1 Answer: D 4) If 0.174 atm Answer: B CaO (s) + CO2 (g) is 0. D) the volume of the system is changed.825 atm B) 0. D) The equilibrium position will not change because there is an excess of calcium carbonate. what will be the equilibrium concentration of HI? H2S (g) + I2 (s) HI (g) + S (s) Kp = 1.9 × 10-23 A) to the right B) to the left C) The equilibrium position will not change because the other components are solids.0 × 10-6 D) 1.0-g sample of CaCO3 is put into a 10.456 atm C) 0. COCl2 (g). Answer: A 2) A sample of phosgene.7 × 10-3 E) More information is needed to answer this question. what percent of the CaCO3 reacts? A) 100 B) 18. Answer: D 5) The value of Kc is changed when A) a catalyst is added.34 × 10-5 at 60°C A) 8. E) The equilibrium position will not change because the system is closed. 1) Which direction will the following reaction (in a 5.9 E) 13. When equilibrium is established for the reaction CO(g) + Cl2 (g) COCl2 (g) K p = 22.982 Chem Ch14 E1 MULTIPLE CHOICE.22 atm H2S(g) are added to a 1.

0-L flask? herbicides.0100 mol CO.3 C) 0.21 D) 0. E) It is impossible to tell without more information.4 B) 3. D) to the left because Q > Kp Answer: D 8) Which direction will the following reaction (in a 5. Answer: D 9) Which is not correct concerning equilibrium? A) The rates of the forward and reverse reactions are the same.6) If the equilibrium concentrations found in the reaction: 2 A (g) + B (g) 2 C (g).314 mol C) Cl2 :0. D) The ratio of the concentrations of products and reactants. calculate the value of Kc . COCl2 (g) CO(g) + Cl2 (g) K c = 1.20 M. is a constant.23 E) 6. 0. E) The concentration of reactants and products are no longer changing. and [C] = 0.0100 mol Cl2. raised to appropriate powers. in moles.7 Answer: A 7) Which direction will the following reaction (in a 5.2 x 103 at 668 K How much of each substance.100 mol COCl2 in a 10.0 L flask) proceed if a catalyst is added to the system? CaCO3 (s) CaO (s) + CO2 (g) Kp = 1.9 × 10-23 A) to the right B) to the left C) The equilibrium position will not change but the concentrations of everything will increase.30 M. Answer: C 10) Carbon monoxide and chlorine react to form phosgene. C) At equilibrium. are [A] = 0. B) Either the reactants or the products of a reaction could be used to attain equilibrium for a reversible reaction. and 0.0 L flask) proceed if the pressure of CO2(g) is 1.9 × 10-23 A) to the right because Q > Kp B) to the left because Q < Kp C) to the right because Q < Kp E) The reaction is at equilibrium. COCl2.10 M. D) The equilibrium position will not change but the rate will increase.0 atm? CaCO3 (s) CaO (s) + CO2 (g) Kp = 1.026 mol D) COCl2:0. will there be at equilibrium in a reaction mixture that initially has 0. [B] = 0. and plastics: A) all are incorrect B) CO:0. A) 4. the rates of the forward and reverse reaction become zero. which is used in the manufacture of pesticides.314 mol Answer: A E1-2 .

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