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High voltage high-side current monitor

The ZXCT1080 is a high side current sense The separate supply pin (VCC) allows the device
monitor with a gain of 10 and a voltage to continue functioning under short circuit
output. Using this device eliminates the need conditions, giving an end stop voltage at the
to disrupt the ground plane when sensing a output.
load current.
The ZXCT1080 has an extended ambient
The wide input voltage range of 60V down to operating temperature range of -40°C to 125°C
as low as 3V make it suitable for a range of enabling it to be used in a wide range of
applications; including systems operating applications including automotive.
from industrial 24-28V rails and -48V rails.

Features Applications
• 3V to 60V continuous high side voltage • Industrial applications current measurement
• Accurate high-side current sensing • Battery management
• -40 to 125°C temperature range • Over-current measurement
• Output voltage scaling x10 • Power management
• 4.5V to 12V VCC range • Automotive current measurement
• Low quiescent current:
• 80µA supply pin
• 27µA IS+
• SOT23-5 package
Pin connections Typical application circuit
VCC 1 5 S-

4 5
S+ S-
OUT 3 4 1
S+ V cc ZXCT1080
2 3

Ordering information
Device Package Part mark Reel size Tape width Quantity per
(inches) (mm) reel
ZXCT1080E5TA SOT23-5 1080 7 8 3000

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Absolute maximum ratings

Continuous voltage on S- and S+ -0.6 and 65V

Voltage on all other pins -0.6V and +14V
Differential sense voltage, VSENSE 800mV
Operating temperature -40 to 125°C
Storage temperature -55 to 150°C
Maximum junction temperature 125°C
Package power dissipation 300mW* at TA = 25°C
Operation above the absolute maximum rating may cause device failure. Operation at the absolute
maximum ratings, for extended periods, may reduce device reliability.
VSENSE is defined as the differential voltage between S+ and S- pins.
Assumes ⍜JA = 420°C/W

Recommended operating conditions

Parameter Min. Max. Units

VIN Common-mode sense+ input range 3 60 V
VCC Supply voltage range 4.5 12 V
VSENSE Differential sense input voltage range 0 0.15 V
VOUT Output voltage range 0 1.5 (*) V
TA Ambient temperature range -40 125 °C

(*) Based on 10x VSENSE

Pin function table

Pin Name Description

1 VCC This is the analogue supply and provides power to internal circuitry
2 GND Ground pin
3 OUT Output voltage pin. NMOS source follower with 20µA bias to ground
4 S+ This is the positive input of the current monitor and has an input range from
60V down to 3V. The current through this pin varies with differential sense
5 S- This is the negative input of the current monitor and has an input range
from 60V down to 3V

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Electrical characteristics

Test conditions TA = 25°C, VIN = 12V, VCC = 5 V, VSENSE(a) = 100mV unless otherwise stated.

Symbol Parameter Conditions TA Min(e). Typ. Max(e). Units

ICC VCC supply current VCC = 12V, 25°C 40 80 120 µA
VSENSE(a) = 0V full range 145
IS+ S+ input current VSENSE(a) = 0V 25°C 15 27 42 µA
full range 60
IS- S- input current 25°C 15 40 80 nA
VO(0) Zero VSENSE(a) error(b) 25°C 0 35 mV
VO(10) Output offset voltage(c) VSENSE(a) = 10mV 25°C -25 +25 mV
full range -55 +55
Gain ⌬VOUT/⌬VSENSE(a) VSENSE(a) = 10mV to 25°C 9.9 10 10.1 V/V
150mV full range 9.8 10.2
VOUT TC (d) VOUT variation with 30 ppm/°C
Acc Total output error -3 3 %
IOH Output source ⌬VOUT = -30mV 1 mA
IOL Output sink current ⌬VOUT = +30mV 20 µA
PSRR VCC supply rejection VCC = 4.5V to 12V 54 60 dB
CMRR Common-mode VIN = 60V to 3V 68 80 dB
sense rejection ratio
BW -3dB small signal VSENSE(a) (AC) = 500 kHz
bandwidth 10mVPP

(a) VSENSE = "VS+" - "VS-"
(b) The ZXCT1080 operates from a positive power rail and the internal voltage-current converter current flow is
unidirectional; these result in the output offset voltage for VSENSE = 0V always being positive.
(c) For VSENSE > 10mV, the internal voltage-current converter is fully linear. This enables a true offset to be defined and
used. VO(10) is expressed as the variance about an output voltage of 100mV>
(d) Temperature dependent measurements are extracted from characterization and simulation results.
(e) All Min and Max specifications over full temperature range are guaranteed by design and characterisation

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Typical characteristics

Test conditions unless otherwise stated: TA = 25°C, VCC = 5V, VSENSE+ =12V, VSENSE = 100mV

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Typical characteristics

Test conditions unless otherwise stated: TA = 25°C, VCC = 5V, VSENSE+ =12V, VSENSE = 100mV

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Typical characteristics

Test conditions unless otherwise stated: TA = 25°C, VCC = 5V, VSENSE+ =12V, VSENSE = 100mV

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Typical characteristics

Test conditions unless otherwise stated: TA = 25°C, VCC = 5V, VSENSE+ =12V, VSENSE = 100mV

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Application information

The ZXCT1080 has been designed to allow it to operate with 5V supply rails while sensing
common mode signals up to 60V. This makes it well suited to a wide range of industrial and power
supply monitoring applications that require the interface to 5V systems while sensing much
higher voltages.
To allow this its VCC pin can be used independently of S+.
Figure 1 shows the basic configuration of the ZXCT1080.

Input R SENSE Load

S+ S-


M1 A1

OUT A2+1


Figure 1 Typical configuration of ZXCT1080

Load current from the input is drawn through RSENSE developing a voltage VSENSE across the
inputs of the ZXCT1080.
The internal amplifier forces VSENSE across internal resistance RGT causing a current to flow
through MOSFET M1. This current is then converted to a voltage by RG. A ratio of 10:1 between
RG and RGT creates the fixed gain of 10. The output is then buffered by the unity gain buffer.
The gain equation of the ZXCT1080 is:
- × 1 = I L × R SENSE × 10
V OUT = I L R SENSE ---------

The maximum recommended differential input voltage, VSENSE, is 150mV; it will however
withstand voltages up to 800m⍀. This can be increased further by the inclusion of a resistor, RLIM,
between S- pin and the load; typical value is of the order of 10k .

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S+ S-


Figure 2 Protection/error sources for ZXCT1080

Capacitor CD provides high frequency transient decoupling when used with RLIM; typical values
are of the order 10pF
For best performance RSENSE should be connected as close to the S+ (and SENSE ) pins;
minimizing any series resistance with RSENSE.
When choosing appropriate values for RSENSE a compromise must be reached between in-line
signal loss (including potential power dissipation effects) and small signal accuracy.
Higher values for RSENSE gives better accuracy at low load currents by reducing the inaccuracies
due to internal offsets. For best operation the ZXCT1080 has been designed to operate with
VSENSE of the order of 50mV to 150mV.
Current monitors' basic configuration is that of a unipolar voltage to current to voltage converter
powered from a single supply rail. The internal amplifier at the heart of the current monitor may
well have a bipolar offset voltage but the output cannot go negative; this results in current
monitors saturating at very low sense voltages.

As a result of this phenomenon the ZXCT1080 has been specified to operate in a linear manner
over a VSENSE range of 10mV to 150mV range, however it will still be monotonic down to VSENSE
of 0V.

It is for this very reason that Zetex has specified an input offset voltage (VO(10)) at 10mV. The
output voltage for any VSENSE voltage from 10mV to 150mV can be calculated as follows:

V OUT = ( V SENSE )xG + V O ( 10 )

Alternatively the load current can be expressed as:

( V OUT – V O ( 10 ) )
I L = ------------------------------------------

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Package details - SOT23-5

DIM Millimeters Inches

Min. Max. Min. Max.
A 0.90 1.45 0.0354 0.0570
A1 0.00 0.15 0.00 0.0059
A2 0.90 1.30 0.0354 0.0511
b 0.20 0.50 0.0078 0.0196
c 0.09 0.26 0.0035 0.0102
D 2.70 3.10 0.1062 0.1220
E 2.20 3.20 0.0866 0.1181
E1 1.30 1.80 0.0511 0.0708
e 0.95 REF 0.0374 REF
e1 1.90 REF 0.0748 REF
L 0.10 0.60 0.0039 0.0236
a° 0° 30° 0° 30°
Note: Controlling dimensions are in millimeters. Approximate dimensions are provided in inches

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Product change
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service. Customers are solely responsible for obtaining the latest relevant information before placing orders.
Applications disclaimer
The circuits in this design/application note are offered as design ideas. It is the responsibility of the user to ensure that the circuit is fit for
the user’s application and meets with the user’s requirements. No representation or warranty is given and no liability whatsoever is
assumed by Zetex with respect to the accuracy or use of such information, or infringement of patents or other intellectual property rights
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opportunity or consequential loss in the use of these circuit applications, under any circumstances.
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A. Life support devices or systems are devices or systems which:
1. are intended to implant into the body
2. support or sustain life and whose failure to perform when properly used in accordance with instructions for use provided in the
labelling can be reasonably expected to result in significant injury to the user.
B. A critical component is any component in a life support device or system whose failure to perform can be reasonably expected to
cause the failure of the life support device or to affect its safety or effectiveness.
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Product status key:
“Preview” Future device intended for production at some point. Samples may be available
“Active” Product status recommended for new designs
“Last time buy (LTB)” Device will be discontinued and last time buy period and delivery is in effect
“Not recommended for new designs” Device is still in production to support existing designs and production
“Obsolete” Production has been discontinued
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“Draft version” This term denotes a very early datasheet version and contains highly provisional information, which
may change in any manner without notice.
“Provisional version” This term denotes a pre-release datasheet. It provides a clear indication of anticipated performance.
However, changes to the test conditions and specifications may occur, at any time and without notice.
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