Inventory control programs are one component of a manufacturing MIS that relies on the production schedule.

Inventory control programs can forecast future production, automatically reorder items when a certain threshold is met, determine manufacturing costs, and develop resource requirements plans from the production schedule. Manufacturing Requirements Planning (MRP) programs help coordinate thousands of inventory items when demand for one item depends on demand for another. MRP systems determine when finished products are needed, then work backward to determine deadlines and resources needed to complete the final product on schedule. When high inventory levels are kept, a company’s money is tied up in unused inventory. This means higher costs for the company. A Just-in-time (JIT) inventory approach ensures inventory and materials are delivered only when they are needed. This maintains inventories at their lowest possible level, but insures materials are on-hand in time for production. Although JIT is beneficial, it also makes a business vulnerable to supply chain disruptions – whether internal or external. For example, if a machine breaks down that makes a component another unit needs to assemble the product, assembly may need to stop due to lack on components. Technologies have been developed to control and streamline the manufacturing process. Computers can directly control manufacturing equipment using computer-assisted manufacturing software. Computer-integrated manufacturing software connects all aspects of production together, including order processing, product design, manufacturing, quality control, and shipping. For example, after an engineer designs a product using CAD software, MRP systems can use information from the design as input to plan and order materials. Production scheduling systems can use the design specifications as an input into the scheduling process. And computer-aided manufacturing systems can use the design specifications as input for setup. This greatly improves manufacturing efficiency. A flexible manufacturing system allows a facility to quickly and efficiently change from making one product to making another, often using robotics and other automation. Generally the changeover is computer-controlled. Finally, quality control has become paramount for manufacturing firms. Control charts or sample testing is used to monitor product quality. The manufacturing MIS subsystems and outputs monitor and control the flow of materials, products, and services through the organization.

The TPS: o o o o o • Order processing Inventory data Receiving and inspecting data Personnel data Production process External sources Manufacturing MIS Subsystems and Outputs • • • • • • • • • • Design and engineering Master production scheduling Inventory control Manufacturing resource planning Just-in-time inventory and manufacturing Process control Computer-assisted manufacturing (CAM) Computer-integrated manufacturing (CIM) Flexible manufacturing system Quality control and testing Manufacturing MIS • Material requirements planning (MRP) o o • o o • o Determine when finished products are needed Determine deadlines accordingly Network scheduling Improve customer service and productivity Inventory and materials delivered right before usage Manufacturing resource planning (MRPII) Just in time (JIT) inventory system .Inputs to the Manufacturing MIS • • Strategic plan or corporate policies.

resource management is the efficient and effective deployment for an organization's resources when they are needed. inventory. there are resource management software tools available that automate and assist the process of resource allocation to projects and portfolio resource visibility including supply and demand of resources. human skills. Resource management is a key element to activity resource estimating and project human resource management. These include discussions on functional vs. Such resources may include financial resources. Both are essential components of a comprehensive project management plan to execute and monitor a project successfully.In organizational studies. . processes. or information technology (IT). crossfunctional resource allocation as well as processes espoused by organizations like the Project Management Institute (PMI) through their Project Management Body of Knowledge (PMBOK) methodology to project management. In the realm of project management. production resources.[1][2] As is the case with the larger discipline of project management. techniques and philosophies as to the best approach for allocating resources have been developed.

Sign up to vote on this title
UsefulNot useful