Bahawalpur was a princely state, stretching along the southern bank of the Sutlej and Indus Rivers, with its capital city at Bahawalpur. The state was counted amongst the Rajputana states. After one century of British rule, the state opted to become a part of Pakistan in 1947 at freedom. In 1941, the state had a population of 1,341,209 living in an area of 45,911 km² (17,494 sq mi). The state was founded in 1802 by Nawab Mohammad Bahawal Khan II after the break up of the Durrani Empire. Nawab Mohammad Bahawal Khan III signed the state's first treaty with the British on 22 February 1833, guaranteeing the semi autonomous rule of the Nawab under British Raj. The state acceded to Pakistan on 7 October 1947. It was merged into the province of West Pakistan on 14 October 1955. History he Abbasi tribe from whom the ruling family of Bahawalpur belong, claim descent from the Abbasid Caliphs. The tribe came from Sindh to Bahawalpur and assumed independence during the decline of the Durrani Empire. The mint at Bahawalpur was opened in 1802 by Nawab Muhammad Bahawal Khan II with the permission of Shah Mahmud of Kabul. Upon the rise of Ranjit Singh, the Nawab, Muhammad Bahawal Khan III, made several unsuccessful appeals to the British for protection. However as part of the 1809 Treaty of Lahore, Ranjit Singh was confined to the right bank of the Sutlej. The first treaty with Bahawalpur was negotiated in 1833, the year after the treaty with Ranjit Singh for regulating traffic on the Indus. It secured the independence of the Nawab within his own territories, and opened up the traffic on the Indus and Sutlej. The political relations of Bahawalpur with the paramount power, as at present existing, are regulated by a treaty made in October, 1838, when arrangements were in progress for the restoration of Shah Shuja to the Kabul throne.

the Nawab assisted the British with supplies and allowing passage and in 1847-8 he co-operated actively with Sir Herbert Edwardes in the expedition against Multan. and obtained asylum in British territory. English was the official language whereas Urdu was widely understood/spoken. On his death a dispute arose regarding succession. with a pension from the Bahawalpur revenues. After several endeavours to arrange for the administration of the country without active interference on the part of the Government. In 1863 and 1866 insurrections broke out against the Nawab who successfully crushed the rebellions. with the advice and assistance of a council of six members. where he died in 1862. and was confined in the Lahore fort. however. on account of disorganization and disaffection. but in March. Languages Saraiki was the most commonly spoken language of the state. and was invested with full powers in 1903. whom he had nominated in place of his eldest son. and a contingent of his troops was employed in keeping open communications. Nawab Sadiq Muhammad Khan IV. it was found necessary.During the first Afghan War. 1866. He was succeeded by his third son. On his death in 1899 he was succeeded by Muhammad Bahawal Khan V. and was succeeded by his son. and in guarding the Dera Ghazi Khan frontier.[1] Bahawalpur House in Delhi is now home to the National School of Drama. the Nawab died suddenly. a boy of four. the Nawab was invested with full powers. together with a life-pension of a lakh. deposed by his elder brother. The Nawab of Bahawalpur was entitled to a salute of 17 guns. to place the principality in British hands. . During the Afghan campaigns (1878–80) the Nawab placed the entire resources of his State at the disposal of the British Indian Government. who attained his majority in 1900. not without suspicion of having been poisoned. The new ruler was. he broke his promise to abandon his claims. For these services he was rewarded by the grant of the districts of Sabzalkot and Bhung. In 1879.

20 February 1853 20 February 1853 .3 October 1858 3 October 1858 . the current head of the House of Bahawalpur (Salah ud-Din Muhammad Khan) is referred to as the Amir.4 June 1772 4 June 1772 .11 April 1746 11 April 1746 . when the title changed to Nawab Amir.15 February 1907 15 February 1907 .19 October 1852 19 October 1852 . From 1942.Rulers of Bahawalpur The rulers of Bahawalpur were Abbasids who came from Shikarpur and Sukkur and captured the areas that became Bahawalpur State.14 February 1899 14 February 1899 . 6.12 June 1750 12 June 1750 . They took the title of Amir until 1740.Imperial Gazetteer of India.1952 1952 .17 April 1826 17 April 1826 . v.14 October 1955 14 October 1955 Tenure 1942 . Khan State of Bahawalpur abolished References  1 ^ Bahawalpur State . p.1947 1948 .13 August 1809 13 August 1809 . the Nawabs were assisted by Prime Ministers. 197 . Tenure 1690 .14 October 1955 14 October 1955 Nawab Amir of Bahawalpur[2] Bahadur Khan II Mobarak Khan I Sadeq Mohammad Khan I Mohammad Bahawal Khan I Mobarak Khan II Mohammad Bahawal Khan II Sadeq Mohammad Khan II Mohammad Bahawal Khan III Sadeq Mohammad Khan III Fath Mohammad Khan Mohammad Bahawal Khan IV Sadeq Mohammad Khan IV Mohammad Bahawal Khan V Sadeq Mohammad Khan V State of Bahawalpur abolished Prime Minister of Bahawalpur[2] Sir Richard Marsh Crofton John Dring A.25 March 1866 25 March 1866 .1723 1723 .1702 1702 . Although the title was abolished in 1955 by the Government of Pakistan.R.

WorldStatesmen. . "Pakistan Princely States". Retrieved 2 ^ a b Ben Cahoon.

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