European Space Agency European Mars Science and Exploration Conference: Mars Express & ExoMars ESTEC, Noordwijk, The

Netherlands, 12 - 16 November, 2007 THE ATLAS OF MORPHOLOGIC FEATURES OF MARTIAN CRATERS J.F. Rodionova2, A.E. Jakupova1, G.G. Michel2, E.N. Lazarev2. 1Moscow State University, 119991, Leninskie gory, GSP-1, Moscow, Russia. 2Sternberg State Astronomical Institute, 119992, Universitetskij prospekt, 13, Moscow, Russia. jeanna@sai.msu.ru Section 2: The analysis of the data bank of the Morphological Catalogue of Craters of Mars (1) is fufilled and represented in the maps of the density distribution of craters of different diameters and morphology. There are the following maps in the atlas: The density distribution of the craters in diameter 10 km and more; The density distribution of the craters in diameter 10 - 20 km, 20 -40 km, 40 - 80 km, 80 - 160 km, more than 160 km; The density distribution of craters of the first class of degradation, second class, third class, fourth class and fifth class, 12 - 19: The density distribution of craters with ejecta, terraces and faults, peaks and circular ridges, hills and ridges, central pits on the crater floor. The maps are compiled in the equal area Molveide projection in a scale 1:80M. The maps are constructed by taking the number of craters falling into each 5° 5° cell of the planet's surface and normalized this value to the area of the cell to obtain a density. We have used the code ArcView 3.1 (ESRI USA) and module Spatial Analist. With the use of this module the images of the density distribution of craters have been constructed. The maps allow to discover an interesting features of density distribution of craters. For example the map for craters of the first class shows that the areas with maximum crater concentration are disposed along two belts at -25° and +25 ° but Tharsis Montes interrupt the belt in the northern hemisphere. It is interesting that there are ten times fewer craters of the first class to the north and south of parallel -35° and +35° equally for the younger plains and volcanic regions in the northern hemisphere and for the older highland region in the southern hemisphere. At the same time maps for the craters of the second and third class show that the craters of these classes are distributed over all the southern hemisphere excluding the area of Argire Planitia, Hellas Planitia, Hesperia Planum and the part of The Promethei Terra. The maximum crater density in the northern hemisphere is in Terra Arabia and Xanthe Terra with a sharp boundary in the area of Cydonia Mensae, Deuteronilus Mensae, Protonilus Mensae and Nilosyrtis Mensae. Most of the class 4 craters appear to have been obliterated in the region of Hesperia Planum, Promethei Terra and Hellas Planitia. Map for the class 5 craters show the maximum of concentration of these old craters is in the belt from -55° to -75° and along the zero meridian. Craters with central pits are placed in areas of low albedo. The density of craters with fluidized ejecta have maximum in a band around 25°N in the regions Chryse, Isidis, Elysium Planitia and the Solis and Hesperia Planum. Kuzmin (3) noted that the presence of craters with fluidized ejecta is an indicator of sub-surface ice-containing rocks, so the map of craters with fluidized ejecta shows regions with the highest content of ice in the sub-surface rocks. The example of the map of the distribution of the ctaters with ejecta is represented on fig.1. The maximum of density about 90 craters on the area of 1 million square km is in the Lunar Planum, Chryse Planitia, Hesperia Planum and in the area of 0 ° meridian to the north of equator.
References: [1] Rodionova, J.F. et.al. (2000), Morphological Catalogue of the craters of Mars. The Netherlands, 158 p. [2] Michel, G.G., Rodionova J.F. (2000) Non random distribution of the pits craters. Abstracts Vernadsky-Brown Microsimposium. [3] Kuzmin, R.O. (1983) Kriolitosfera Marsa. Moscow, 143 p.

Figure 1. The map of density distribution of craters with ejecta

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