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# Exercises for the Chapter 1: Diodes and Application Circuits

1.1. Plot the load line and find the Q-point for the diode circuit in the Fig. 1.1 below if
V = 5V and R = 10 kΩ. Use the i-v chracteristic presented in the lecture slides.

Fig. 1.1.

1.2. Plot the load line and find the Q-point for that diode circuit in Fig. 1.1 if V = -10V
and R = 10 kΩ.
1.3. Find the Q-point for the circuit in Fig. 3.22 using the same four methods as in the
lecture if the voltage source is 1 V. Compare the answers in a manner similar to
Table in the lecture.
1.4. (a) Find I and V in the four circuits in the Fig below using the ideal diode model. (b)
Repeat using the constant voltage drop model with Von = 0.7 V.

Fig. 1.2.

1.5. Find Q-points for the diodes in the four circuits in Fig. 1.3. using (a) the ideal diode
model and (b) the constant voltage drop model with Von = 0.75 V.

Fig. 1.3.

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1.6. Find Q-point for diodes in the circuits in the Fig. 1.4. with the ideal diode model.

Fig. 1.4.

1.7. Find Q-point for the zener diode in Fig. 1.5. below.

Fig. 1.5.

1.8. What is power dissipation in the Zener diode in Fig. 1.6. for RL = ∞ ?

Fig. 1.6.

1.9. What is power dissipation in the Zener diode in Fig. 1.7 for (a) RL = 75 Ω ? (b) RL =
∞?

Fig. 1.7.

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1.10. What is the actual average value (the dc value) of the rectifier output voltage for
the waveform in Fig. 1.8 if Vr is 5 percent of Vm-Von = 15 V ?

Fig. 1.8.

1.11. The half-wave rectifier in Fig. 1.9 is operating at a frequency of 60Hz, and the
rms value of the transformer out put voltage is 6.3 V. (a) What is the value of the dc
output voltage V0 if the dioed voltage drop is 1 V ? (b) What is the minimum value of
C required to maintain the ripple voltage to less than 0.25 V if R = 0.5 Ω? (c) What is
surge current when power is first applied? (e) What is the amplitude of the repetitive
current in the diode?

Fig. 1.9.

1.12. (a) Repeat Prob. 1.11 for a frequency of 400 Hz. (b) Repeat Prob. 1.11 for a
frequency of 100 kHz.

1.13. A 5-V, 25-A dc power supply is to be designed with a ripple of less than 2.5
percent. Assume that a half-wave rectifier circuit (60Hz) with a capacitor filter is
used. (a) What is the size of the filter capacitor C? (b) What is PIV rating for the
diode ? (c) What is the rms value of the transformer voltage needed for the rectifier?
(d) What is value of the peak repetitive diode current in the diode? (e) What is surge
current at t = 0+ ?

1.14. The full-wave rectifier in Fig. 1.10 is operating at the frequency of 60 Hz, and te
rms value of the transformert output voltage is 6.3 V. (a) What is value of the dc
output voltage if the diode voltage drop is 1 V? (b) What is the minimum value of C
required to maintain the ripple voltage to less than 0.25 V if R = 0.5 Ω? (c) What is
PIV rating of the diode in this circuit ? (d) What is surge current when power is first
supplied ? (e) What is the amplitude of the repetitive current in the diode?

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Fig. 1.10

1.15. What are the dc output voltages V1 and V2 for the rectifier circuit in Fig. 1.11 if
vS = 50 sin 377 t and C = 10,000 µF ?

Fig. 1.11.

## 1.16. Design a boost converter operating at a frequency of 45 kHz to generate +15 V

from a +5 V supply. The converter will have an output current of 0.5 A and a ripple
voltage of less than 0.1 V. Assume that the ripple current is 10 percent of the dc
inductor current.

## 1.17. Design a buck converter operating at a frequency of 30 kHz to generate + 15 V

from a +50-V supply. The converter will have an output current of 0.5 A and a ripple
voltage of less than 0.1 V. Assume that the ripple current is 10 percent of the dc
inductor current.

1.18. The circuit inside the box in Fig 1.12 contains only resistors and diodes. The
terminal V0 is connected to some point in the circuit inside the box. (a) Is largest
possible value of V0 most nearly 0 V, -6 V, +6 V, or +15V > Why ? (b) Is the
smallest possible value of V0 most nearly 0 V, -9 V, +6 V, or +15 V ? Why ?

Fig. 1.12.

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1.19. Draw waveform for v0 for two circuits in the Fig. 1.13. The diodes are ideal.

Fig. 1.13.
1.20. Draw the waveform for v0 for the circuit in Fig. 1.14. The diode has an on-voltage
of 0.7 V and Rz = 0. Use the waveform in Fig. 1.13.

Fig. 1.14.

1.21. Draw the waverform for v0 for the circuit in Fig. 1.15. The diodes have an on-
voltage of 0.7 V and RZ = 0. Use the waveform in Fig. 1.13.

Fig. 1.15.

1.22. Draw the waverform for v0 for the circuit in Fig. 1.16. The diodes have an on-
voltage of 0.7 V and RZ = 0. Use the waveform in Fig. 1.13.

Fig. 1.16.

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1.23. (a) Draw the waveform for v0 for the circuit in Fig. 1.17. The diodesa are ideal.
(b) Repeat using the CVD model with Von = 0.7 V. Use vS (t) in the Fig. 1.13.

Fig. 1.17.

1.24. Draw the waveform for v0 for the circuit in Fig. 1.18. The diodes are ideal. Use
vS(t) in Fig. 1.13.

Fig. 1.18