Lesson Plan: Writing Mini Lesson Grade: 5 Time: 40 minutes Standard: English Language Arts Standards- Writing Text

Types and Purposes W.5.5.2. Write informative/explanatory texts to examine a topic and convey ideas and information clearly. Introduce a topic clearly, provide a general observation and focus, and group related information logically; include formatting (e.g., headings), illustrations, and multimedia when useful to aiding comprehension. Develop the topic with facts, definitions, concrete details, quotations, or other information and examples related to the topic. Objective: Students will be able to form a well developed paragraph/ essay based on the major points they have learned from their nonfiction book. Materials: The book, Energy Today: Nuclear Power Article, What Are Nuclear Power Plants? Lesson Sequence: Anticipatory SetBoys and girls, we have learned about nuclear energy after reading the book, Energy Today Nuclear Powerthrough the use of book s text , pictures, charts and diagrams. Furthermore in this book, we have also seen how authors organize the main points that they want to inform their readers about. State Objective and PurposeWell, today we are going to learn how to write a paragraph/essay that will inform others about the topic that we have learnedabout fromreading our nonfiction books. Using the facts we have learned as supporting details in the paragraph. Teach and Modely First, we need to look through the notes we jotted down when we read our books in order to find out what the main ideas were in the book. Show this chart on board. o Three things I have learned from this book are 1. Nuclear power is a powerfulform of energy. 2. Nuclear energy is formed by splitting atoms. 3. Nuclear waste that is dangerous.

Next you need to find thedetails from the book that support these main points. These are the facts the author uses throughout the book. For example, the details that support the first point are: Show these details on the board. 1. Nuclear energy supplies many homes and factories around the world with electricity. There are 270 nuclear reactors around the world. France, Belgium and Finland get half their electricity from nuclear power. The United States gets a sixth of its electricity from this source. Nuclear power stations are expensive to build but they are inexpensive to run. 2. In 1939, nuclear energy was discovered when scientists discovered that uranium atoms could be split in two. This process is called fission and produces great heat. During this chain reaction, smaller particles called neutrons are produced making the constant heat needed to make electricity. 3. Nuclear waste isdangerous. Nuclear waste is difficult to dispose of. This waste cannot be simply thrown away because it stays radioactive. This waste s harmful rays stay dangerous for many years and must be buried in steel containers at sea. Next, your ideas needto be organized in a logical manner so it makes sense to your readers. The format to use is: write a topic sentence, state a major point, use supporting details or facts, and write a conclusion sentence. Show this paragraph on the board. o For Example: (Topic Sentence)Nuclear energy is a powerful energy source that supplies numerous homes and factories with electricity around the world. (Point #1)There are approximately 270 reactors around the world that produce nuclear energy.( Point #2) Also, countries like France, Belgium and Finland get half their electricity for nuclear power whereas the United States only gets a sixth of its electricity from this source of energy. (Point #3)Even though, nuclear power stations are expensive to build but inexpensive to run.(Conclusion) As a result of these power stations, nuclear power provides many countries with a powerful energy source.

Guided Practice: Hand out article to students, What Are Nuclear Power Plants y Give students time to read the article. Students you will need to come up with three examples of what they have learned from it . Have students take notes about the article s main ideas and the supporting details.Remember to use the format that was just discussed that uses a topic sentence, state the main points, uses supporting details and a provides a conclusion sentence. As students to sharetheir main points and details. List these on the board. As a class, have students work together to come up with a paragraph about this article using these points and details. Write this paragraph on the board.

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Independent Practice/ Assessment: Boys and girls when you begin writing today, I want you to look at the notes you took when you read your book. Ask yourself what are at least three things that I have learned from this book?What details support what I have learned? Come up with a strong topic sentence and follow the format that writers use to inform and explain their ideas and points to their audiences. During independent writing, I will be circulating in order for you to show me the main ideas from your books and the supporting details and the paragraphs you are writing. ClosureToday we have learned to use theparagraph format along with the notes we have made during our readings to construct well developed paragraphs that inform our readers about the information we have gained from reading our nonfiction books. Return quickly and quietly to your seats and begin writing about your topics Assessments: I will know students are successful if they have constructed well developed paragraphs based on the paragraph format that uses: a topic sentence, details and a conclusion. The student s use of this format will help their paragraphs logically explain or inform the readers of what they have learned from the nonfiction text.

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