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SYLLABUS FOR THE CET

For the, exact CET syllabus for the current year please check your CET Brochure. Syllabus for the Common Entrance Test, Karnataka : Physics : Second Yr | First Yr

Chemistry : Second Yr | First Yr

Mathematics : Second Yr | First Yr Biology : Second Yr | First Yr

PHYSICS
1. WAVES AND SOUND · Waves: formation of waves, types of waves, wave amplitude, frequency, wave length and velocity - relation n =f l - equation for progressive wave, intensity, super position of waves. Problems · Sound: Properties, velocity in gases, Newton - Laplace formula, factors affecting velocity intensity and loudness, units, Noise and Music beats as an example of superposition of waves, Doppler effect, formula for general case, discussion for individual cases. Problems · Stationary waves: Modes of vibration in pipes, laws of vibration of stretched strings, sonometer, Problems. · Ultrasonics: Production (mention of methods), properties and applications · Acoustics of buildings: reverberation, Sabine's formula (mention), requisites for good acoustics and methods of achieving them. 2. PHYSICAL OPTICS · Introduction to theories of light · Interference of light: Coherent sources, Young's double slit experiment, expression for path difference, conditions for constructive and destructive interference, width of interference fringes. Problems · Diffraction of light: Fresnel and Fraunhofer diffraction, Fraunhofer diffraction through a single slit (qualitative explanation), limit of resolution, Rayleigh's criterion, resolving powers of telescopes and microscope. Problems · Polarisation of light: transverse nature of light waves, methods of producing plane polarised light, Brewster's law, double refraction, dichroism, polariods and their applications, optical activity and specific rotation. Problems. 3. ELECTROSTATICS · Electric charge: Coulomb's law, dielectric constant, SI unit of charge, electric intensity and potential, relation connecting them, derivation of expression for potential at a point due to an isolated charge. Gauss theorem and applications, intensity at a point (a) due to a charged spherical conductor (b) near the surface of a charged conductor, Problems · Capacitors: parallel plate, spherical, cylindrical, expressions for the capacitances, principle of a capacitor, effect of dielectric, energy stored in a capacitor, combination of capacitors, uses, Problems 4. CURRENT ELECTRICITY · Different effects of electric current: potential difference, resistance, colour code, Ohm's law and its limitations, variation of resistance of a conductor with length- area of cross section and temperature, resistivity, superconductivity, thermistor and its applications, combination of resistors, EMF of a cell, current in a circuit, branch currents, grouping of cells, expression for different cases, potentiometer, problems · Kirchhoff's laws: Condition for balance of a Wheatstone's bridge, metre bridge, Problems

conservation of momentum (statement and to arrive at) .centripetal and centrifugal forces with illustrations problems Work. peak. . 5. retentivity and coercivity. orbital velocity. classification into conductors. (b) a solenoid carrying current (without derivation). self and mutual induction. insulators and semi conductors. suspended coil galvanometer (with theory).escape velocity . M.conservation of energy (statement with illustrations . Soddy's group displacement law. de Broglie matter waves. choke and transformer (principle). Problems · Force on a current carrying conductor in a magnetic field: Fleming's left hand rule.scalar and vector products 2. hysteresis cycle and its significance. flux density. rectifying action of diode. magnetic flux density at a point on the axis of (a) a circular coil carrying current (derivation). impedance. torque . INTRODUCTION Introduction to Physics SI units . types of electron emission. height and time of flight . definition of ampere. power factor.dimensional analysis limitations Scalars and vectors . Problems. current in R.expressions for potential and kinetic energy . force on a charged particle moving across a magnetic field (qualitative).Law of gravitation . charge. characteristics of p-n junction. mass and density. orbital velocity . right hand clasp rule and magnitude . atom models.stress and strain . chain reaction.problems Motion in two dimensions . nuclear reactor. nuclear fusion. Transistors. DYNAMICS Motion of a particle in one dimension . conversion of galvanometer into ammeter and voltmeter. half wave and full wave rectifiers. Bohr's theory of hydrogen atom. energy of electron and wave number. decay constant.uniform circular motion .variation of g with altitude.equations for angular motion . intensity of magnetisation (I) and magnetic induction (B) . radiation hazards. L & C and RLC circuits. · Solid state electronics: Band theory of solids (qualitative). induction coil (principle).Hooke's law . principle and working of a generator.weightlessness problems Rotational motion of rigid body . pnp and npn. acceleration and momentum. depth and lattitude .expression for Young's modulus in the case of stretching Simple harmonic motion . relation between alph and beta transistors as an amplifier (qualitative -npn in CE mode) Syllabus from PUC-I / XI Std. Problems · Magnetic materials: Intensity of Magnetising field (H). principles of a ac meters (moving iron and hot wire types) Problems.resolution of a vector .moduli of elasticity . Problems. half life and mean life. permeability and susceptibility.characteristics .time curve. decay law. · Nuclear Physics: Nuclear size. tangent law. amu in terms of electron volts. stellar energy. force between two parallel conductors carrying current. critical size. derivation of expressions for orbital radius.Laplace's law.centripetal acceleration (derivation of expression) .angular displacement. expression for half life. comparison of linear and rotational motions . spectrum.unit vector .dimensions .problems Elasticity . · Quantum theory of radiation: Explanation and applications of photoelectric effect.examples and equation for SHM (y = a sin wt) . f=ma derivation . magnetic moment and nuclear forces.F. Problems. · Electromagnetic induction: Laws. tangent galvanometer (with theory). nuclear fission. mean and rms values. magnetic field strength. properties of dia. para and ferromagnetic substances.statement of Kepler's laws. characteristics. MODERN PHYSICS · Introduction to modern physics: types of spectra.work done . velocity.derivations of equations of motion velocity . uses of magnetic materials.moment of inertia .S. constituents. or equiv.vector addition .relation connecting them. p-type and n-type semi conductors. expression for sinusoidal emf.equation for the trajectory of a projectile .Problems Newton's laws of motion.problems) Gravitation . 1. spectral series. · Radioactivity: Properties of radioactive radiations. mass defect and binding energy. .motion of planets and satellites .range. energy and power . E.· Magetic effect of current: direction of field. energy level diagram.radius of gyration.dimensional formulae .illustrations . radio isotopes and their uses.

heat engine .dispersion through a prism .dispersive power .perfect gas equation .problems 6.problems Refraction at a plane surface .problems Absorption of heat .cohesion and adhesion . transition and neutralisation . formation. telescopes.qualitative discussion .effect of heat like expansion and change of state Gas laws .statement of conditions of equilibrium of parallel forces .efficiency .Lami's theorem .concept of enthalpy .thermal capacity .Poiseuille's formula for the flow of a liquid through a capillary tube and Stoke's law (without derivation) 5.microscopes.lateral shift and normal shift (expressions without derivation) .atmospheric pressure (units) pressure at a point due to a liquid .problems Spherical and chromatic aberrations .Carnot's cycle .conditions for total internal relection relation between critical angle and refractive index (n) .(Cp .Cv) and their relation (Cp .derivation of the expression for the refractive index (n) of the material of a prism in terms of A and D . GEOMETRICAL OPTICS Introduction to light .u.application to find the resultant of two parallel forces couple .thermal conductivity . solution.Archimedes' principle (statement) .reflection at curved surfaces . Isothermal and adiabatic changes .total internal relection .streamline and turbulent flow .temperature of the sun (qualitative treatment of the topics without derivation) .Bernoulli's theorem .importance of g Conduction of heat .Image formation in the case of thin lenses. combustion. direct vision spectroscope and spectrometer (qualitative) Photometry .power of a lens .optical medium .refraction through a lens .law of moment (statement) .efficiency of a Carnot engine (without derivation) (Second Law) .laws of refraction .problems Hydrodynamics .measurement of temperature .specific heat .Mechanical work done.fluid thrust and pressure .problems Refraction through a prism .derivation of the relation connecting n.problems Radiation .latent heat .equipartition of energy .Wien's displacement law .sign convention .principle of calorimetry .principle of photmetry problems Chemistry 1.Stefan's law .Mention of different thermometers .problems 4.refraction through multiple refracting media .applications of optical fibres and total reflecting prisms .rectilinear propagation of light Reflection of light laws of reflection .reversible and irreversible process . linear magnification .explanation with examples Surface tension .image formation in the case of spherical mirrors .problems Thermodynamics . HEAT Heat and temperature .surface tension and angle of contact .constancy of enthalpy of neutralisation of a strong acid and a strong base .achromatic combination of lenses Optical instruments .steady state .lens maker's formula . prism binoculars.problems Moment of a force .resultant of two forces .3.mirror formula (without derivation) .temperature gradient .law of triangle of forces .enthalpy of reaction.mention of equations of state . HYDROSTATICS AND HYDRODYNAMICS Hydrostatics .Plank's law solar constant .absolute scale of temperature .specific heat .Prevost's theory of exchanges .deviation produced by a thin prism .specific heats of gases .lenses in contact .degrees of freedom .v and r for refraction at a spherical surface (concave towards point object in denser medium) . STATICS Coplanar concurrent forces .co-efficient of viscosity .absolute and relative refractive indices (Symbol n to be used for RI) .isothermal and adiabatic changes .relation between heat and work (first law) .emissive and absorptive powers .problems Refraction at spherical surfaces .capillary rise (without derivation) Viscosity velocity gradient .pV diagram .Cv = R) . THERMODYNAMICS AND THERMOCHEMISTRY Law of conservation of energy .magnitude and direction (derivation) equilibrium of three forces .Kirchhoff's law .prism combination for dispersion without deviation .units .basic concepts .

radius ratio (r+ / r-). poling.classification. SURFACE CHEMISTRY · Adsorption .imperfections in solids .Buffer equation (Henderson's equation to be assumed).Isotopes .Co60. · Acids and bases . properties and uses of Sodium.Arrhenius factor and energy of activation. Theories of catalysis (Intermediate compound theory and adsorption theory) 5.merits and demerits. preparation of colloids (electrical and chemical methods. medicine. · Buffers . · Problems 6.Lavoisier law . · Ionic equilibrium .pK values.Sidgwick's interpretation . one method each). Purification by dialysis Properties: Tyndall effect and Brownian movement.Lewis concept.Hess's law. P32 and Na24 Radioactive dating. Copper. Relationship between free energy change and equilibrium constant. Applications of solubility product in qualitative analysis.Properties of alpha.adsorption of gases on solids. Standard electrode potential .separation by thermal diffusion method. 7N14 + 2He4Y8O17 + 1H1 Explanation of artificial radioactivity using 13Al27 + 2He4 Y15P30 + 0n1 15P30 Y 14Si30 + +1e0 Preparation and uses of artificial radioactive isotopes . application of law of mass action to the following systems: i) 2HI <==> H2 + I2 ii) N2 + 3H2 <==> 2NH3 Derivation of KP for both reactions Le-Chatelier's principle and its application to the synthesis of Ammonia.Rutherford's artificial nuclear reaction. magnetic separation and froth flotation) .Nernst equation to be assumed. extraction.Distinction between adsorption and absorption. Properties of steel (carbon content) Heat treatment .rate of disintegration . Influence of temperature on the velocity of a reaction . CHEMICAL EQUILIBRIUM Law of mass action.unit cell. coordination number .Concentration of ores (gravity process.Half life period . Free energy change .Bronsted . Definition of specific.solubility product. Types of adsorption . RADIOACTIVITY · Natural radioactivity . Derivation of the equation for the velocity constant of a first order reaction . ELECTROCHEMISTRY · Arrhenius theory of electrolytic dissociation .Relationship between half life period and order of the reaction .concept of EAN using Potassium .Extraction of crude metal (pyrometallurgy. Hydrogen ion concentration . equivalent and molar conductivities . I131. Problems 2.Characteristics .Arrhenius theory . METALLURGY General principles of metallurgy . Refining (Liquation. 8. Problems 3.Hydrogen electrode .Laplace . 9. electrolytic method) Occurrence. Application in food.superconductivity.Half life period .pH scale .Idea of a system tending to attain a state of minimum free energy and maximum entropy. Ionic radii .strong and weak electrolytes. · Catalysis . Elementary account of fission and fusion.Lowry concept . Manufacture of steel by LD process.Thermochemical equations . · Colloids .Experimental study of the acid hydrolysis of methyl acetate. COORDINATION COMPOUNDS Postulates of Werner's theory . 7. Role of iron and sodium in biological systems. Ionic conduction by migration. hydrometallurgy and electro-metallurgy).standard free energies . Acid-Base equilibrium. beta and gamma radiations .alloy steels.Distinction between colloids and crystalloids . Problems 4.Influence of catalyst on reaction path. Structure of ionic crystals. REACTION KINETICS Order and molecularity of a reaction.corrosion of metals. common ion effect. precipitaion of smoke. SOLIDS Types of solids . Aluminium and Iron.Electro-chemical series and its significance . · Electrode potential . Importance of buffer solutions. · Artificial radioactivity .

PROTEINS Amino acids as building units of proteins. aspartic acid.Hydrolysis with acid and saponification.Barbituric acid · Structure and uses of the above.chloroxylenol (dettol).open and ring structure of glucose. alanine. (Problems) Empirical and Molecular formula from % composition (problems) Relation between vapour density and . preparation and uses of polythene. terylene. · Alcohols . Salicylic acids. sugars and phosphates Biological importance of nucleic acids. oxidising. General structure of amino acids such as glycine. 11.Monosaccharides . Volumetric analysis: Calulations involving acid-base and red-ox titrations. lysine. comparison of reactives with alkyl halides. ORGANIC CHEMISTRY · Preparation.Paracetamol Antiseptic .Penicillin. POLYMERS Classification . 2.Formic. Benzyl alcohol · Phenol · Aldehydes and ketones . galactose Oligosaccharides . uses of Sodium hydroxide (Nelson's cell). (PV = 1/3mnc2) Deduction of gas laws. 15. molality and molarity. 13.Methylamine. Rancidity . Acetaldehyde. methods of determination (hydrogen displacement. Std or equiv. OILS AND FATS Chemical nature of fatty acids . 10. reducing agents. cysteine.Partial representation of structure of cellulose. 2) Grignard reagent and its synthetic applications. Charle's law. Derivation of Van der Waal's equation. Benzaldehyde. STOCHIOMETRY Mole concept and Avogadro number (Problems) Atomic weight: Definition with evaluation of atomic weight by Dulong and Petit's law (problems) Equivalent weight of elements . Properties and Uses of the following: · Alkyl halides 1) Ethyl bromide and isopropyl chloride 2) Vinyl chloride · Aromatice halogen compounds: 1) Chlorobenzene and benzyl chloride. Analgesics . transport agents. KINETIC THEORY OF GASES Postulates. Acetic.Formaldehyde. Graham's law of diffusion and Dalton's law of partial pressures.Ethyl alcohol (Manufacture from molasses). Antibiotics .Syllabus from PUC-I/XI. 17. Triglycerides . Antimalarial . Natural rubber.Examples.saturated and unsaturated fatty acids . · Acids . · Esters .DNA and RNA . maltose and lactose Polysaccharides . 1. MANUFACTURE.ferrocyanide. serine. antibodies. fructose. Expression for Kinetic energy and RMS velocities of gases (problems based on these) Ideal and real gases. biochemical messengers (hormones-insulin and oxytocin) and structural material.chloroquine Tranquilizers . properties.Refining and hydrogenation of oils . peptide linkage.Ring structure of sucrose. Functional properties of proteins as enzymes. Acetone. 16.Ethyl acetate. tyrosine. Ethyl benzoate · Amines .Synthetic and natural. CHEMOTHERAPY Antipyretics . Concept of normality.Components . starch and glycogen Carbohydrates as a source of energy.drying oils. Aniline 12. Benzoic. Chemistry . Acetophenone.General structure of triglycerides . potassium ferricyanide and cuprammonium sulphate. Boyle's law.Aspirin. nylon. Derivation of expression for pressure of a gas. NUCLEIC ACIDS Types . definition. Sodium Carbonate Alum. CARBOHYDRATES Classification . Deviation of real gases from ideal behaviour. oxide and chloride methods) (problems) Equivalent weights of acids and bases. 14.purine and pyrimidine bases.

Hydrogen peroxide: preparation. ENVIRONMENTAL POLLUTION · Pollutants. Nitrogen cycle. preparation. Manufacture of chlorine (Nelson cell) properties and uses.craft's alkylation Biogas. Iodine from sea weeds. proton & neutron) Rutherford's model of the atom. p-p (Cl2). Explanation on the basis of Bhor's theory.Orbital concepts. Ceramics: Clay properties .Theory of formation. Silicon: Occurrance. urea.electrophiles and nucleophiles to be illustrated with the study of mechanism involving 1) chlorination of methane 2) addition of bromine to ethylene and 3) addition of hydrogen chloride to propylene (Markownikoff's rule) Petroleum . Preparation.anamolous properties of water. covalent. oxides of nitrogen and lead.orbital overlap.white pottery (porcelain's process or china process) Applications. Hybrid orbital. properties and uses.separation of benzene. definition . properties and uses. Sigma & Pi bonds. Pauli's exclusive principle.chain.ionisation energy and electron affinity. toluene. Shapes of molecules (CH4. 7.homologous series Isomerism . synthetic petrol Destructive distillation of coal . air . ORGANIC CHEMISTRY (IUPAC nomenclature to be adopted) Aliphatic hydrocarbons: saturated and unsaturated hydrocarbons. SPECIFIC MATTER Ozone: Preparation and properties. Phosphorus: Occurrance. Nitrogen: Nitric acid .types of pollution. 5. Electronic configuration of atoms (elements upto atomic number 30) 4. Molecular weight of oxygen and carbon dioxide and volatile liquids (Victor Meyer's method) (problems) 3. properties and uses of carbon monoxide. C2H4 and C2H2) Hydrogen bonding .molecular weight. Nitrogenous fertilizers . LONG FORM OF PERIODIC TABLE Based on electronic configuration of elements-periodic properties . s-s(H2). 8. sulphonation and Friedel . Lyman and Brackett series.manufacture of ammonium sulphate from gypsum. atomic and ionic radii. Super phosphate of lime. Bromine from sea water. manufacture (electrothermal process) Structure of oxyacids of phosphorus. concentration. cracking (catalytic and thermal) fractionation. CAN. ATOMIC STRUCTURE Fundamental particles (electron. semiconducting properties (n and p type) .Automobile exhaust smoke. coordinate & hydrogen bonding) Covalent bond . Bohr's theory-postulates (derivation of expression of energy and radius to be omitted) spectrum of Hydrogen Balmer. Mathematics . Ozon layer. Quantum numbers . Halogens: Preparation. Commericial production. orbital. nitration. ethylene and acetylene . silicate glasses. Mechanism of halogenation.Structure of benzene. Manufacture of H2SO4 by contact process. Hund's rule. 6. Sulphur: Preparation. CHEMICAL BONDING Types of bonding (ionic. properties and uses of methane.d.Manufacture by Ostwald's process. properties and uses. properties and uses of flourine. naphthalene from coal tar. Carbon: Activated carbon.p. Shape of s. functional and position Concepts of free radicals . Properties of benzene and toluene.Production and uses. water . CO. properties and uses of SO2.Industrial effluents with relevance to paper and rayon industries.

Problems Problems of the type i) If (ab)-1 = a-1 b-1. Work done. Addition. Algebraic structures. · Matrices and determinants: Recapitulation of types of matrices and problems. Derivations and problems. · Mathematical Logic: Proposition and truth values. Characteristic roots of a square matrix.(i) Matrix method. Truth tables. Two and three dimensional vectors as ordered pair and ordered triplet respectively of real numbers-components of a vector. Relations and functions. Characteristic equation of a square matrix. Inverse of a matrix. order of a group. b X H.R) Y R Properties of determinants including D (AB) = D (A) D (B).Examples from real and complex numbers. modular systems. connectives. Problems. · A non-empty subset H of a group G is a subgroup of G iff i) " a. Logical Equivalencestandard theorems. Permutations. group. Finite and infinite groups. proofs of necessary and sufficient conditions for a subgroup. medians of a triangle are concurrent. composition tables. Albelian group . modular groups. orthogonal vectors and coplanarity of three vectors. Problems. proof of a A (adjA) = (adjA) A = | A | I and hence formula for A-1 .Problems. singular and non-singular matrices. moment of a couple about a point. · The inverse of an element of a group is unique. · (a * b)-1 = b-1 * b-1 in a group. unit vector.b X H. Problems. · (a-1)-1 = a" aX G where G is a group. projection of one vector on another vector.t. position vector of a point.r.R) Y R and D: M(3. (ii) Cramer's rule. contrapositive of a proposition. then G is abelian. group of matrices . Finding A-1 by Cayley Hamilton theorem. converse. Problems. Examples of switching circuits. product of permutations" Square roots. Verification of Cayley Hamilton theorem for square matrices of order 2 and 3 only. area of a triangle. Vector (Cross) product of two vectors. equal vectors. angle in a semi circle is a right angle.t. magnitude and direction of a vector. Scalar (dot) product. Tautology and contradiction. Problems. · Vector: Recapitulation of a vector as directed line segment.r. Problems. Subgroups.3}from a non-abelian group w. Solution of a system of linear equations in two and three variables . · Groups: Binary operation. their truth tables. symmetric group of order 3. Position vector of the point dividing a given line segment in the given ratio. adjoint. then G is abelian ii) If every element of a group is its own inverse. a * b-1X H . Volume of a parallelopiped. Cayley Hamilton theorem (statement only). Proof of "The set of all permutations of the set S={1. Problems. cube roots and fourth roots of unity from abelian groups w. a * b X H and ii) for each a X H. subtraction. iii) In a group of even order there exists an element a K e such that a-1 = a . Scalar triple (Box) product of three vectors. Definition of semigroup.ALGEBRA · Set theory: Recapitulation of sets. Minor and cofactor of an element of a square matrix. Problems. the diagonals of a parallelogram bisect each other. a-1X H · A non-empty subset H of a group G is a subgroup of G iff a. moment of a force about a point. Application of these to the area of a parallelogram. Problems. scalar multiplication of a vector. multiplication (with proof) Proofs of the following properties · Identity of a group is unique. · Left and right cancellation laws. Determinant of a square matrix defined as mappings D : M (2.2. vector triple product of three vectors and their properties. inverse. · Solution of a * x = b and y * a = b exist and are unque in a group.

" Problems. Problems. Orthogonal circles . · Differenctiation of implicit functions. · Successive differentiation . product of two functions. cosec x. parametric functions.Derivation. ax. another function. Problems. Problems. Conic Sections: Definition by focus . real and imaginary parts. · Derivative as the rate measure. with centre (h. Derivatives of xn.r. domain and range. Standard properties of parabola. · Derivatives of inverse trigonometric functions by first principles hyperbolic and inverse hyperbolic functions and their derivatives w. · General Solutions of trigonometric equations: General Solutions of sin x = k. Problems. limiting points. constant.0) and radius r. inverse trigonometric function.Derivation of the condition. Problems. Proof of "The radical axis of two circles is perpendicular to the line joining their centres. polynomial. product of a constant and a function. derivations. general equation of a circle. conjugate system. Equation of other forms of ellipse (statements only). Equations of tangent and normal. eccentricity. Differentialbility implies continuity by the converse is not true (proof and example respectively).r. · Differentiation . equality of complex numbers. sinx. Standard properties of ellipse. Problems Condition for y = mx + c to be the tangent to the circle x2 + y2 = r2 Derivation.t. Proof and problems. sum of two functions. equation of a circle.Derivation. Problems. Problems. sec x. tan x = k. log x by first principles.directrix property. TRIGONOMETRY · Inverse Trigonometric Functions: Definition of inverse trigonometric functions. Problems. logarithmic differenctiation. · Subtangent and subnormal. cos x. cos x = k. exponential function.ANALYTICAL GEOMETRY · Circles: Definition. with centre (0. Condition for a point to be inside or outside or on a circle. Derivatives of sum. Complex Numbers: Definition of a complex number as an ordered pair. Derivation of standard equation of hyperbola. Derivative of a function by first principles.Differenctiability.k) and radius r. Argand Diagram.Problems of finding second derivatives. definition of Parabola. Exponential form of a complex number.statement and proof. (-1 O k O 1). Problems. Problems. ex. Problems. radical centre of a system of three circles Derivation. Algebra of complex numbers. Derivation of standard equation of ellipse. cube roots and fourth roots of a complex number and their representation in the Argand diagram. tan x. radical axis of two circles. Equation of other forms of ellipse (statements only). Ellipse. Derivations of all these. Derivations of standard formulae. x. De Moivre's theorem . Problems. polar form of a complex number. Problems. difference. Length of the tangent from an external point to a circle . Problems. CALCULUS · Continuity and differentiation: Continuity of a fnction. Problems. modulus and amplitude of a complex number. Problems. Equation of a circle with (x1. Problems. method of finding square roots. a cos x + b sin x = c. Problems. centre and radius. angle between two curves. Equation of the tangent to a circle . a function w. Derivation of standard equation of ellipse. · Differenctiation of inverse trigonometric functions by substitution. Power of a point. Co-axal system. Hyperbola. Problems. problems. cot x. y1) and (x2. quotient of two functions by first principles. Problems. Equations of other forms of hyperbola (statemnets only) Standard properties of hyperbola. y2) as the ends of a diameter. Rectangular hyperbola. · Composite functions . Problems.Chain rule. · Applications of Derivatives: Geometrical meaning of dy / dx. Problems. trigonometric function. deriving second order differential equations.t. Solutions of inverse trigonometric equations. . Equations of tangent and normal to Derivations and problems.

problems.P.Syllabus for PUC-I/XI Std.. ALGEBRA 1. Problems. cubic and biquadratic equations . G. parabola etc. THEORY OF EQUATIONS · Recapitulation of quadratic equations and the formula for the roots of a quadratic equation. · The relations between the roots and coefficients of a quadratic equation. properties of definite integrals. cube roots and fourth roots of unity. where A. nth term of an AP. MATHEMATICAL INDUCTION · Principle of mathematical induction. · Differential Equations: Definition of order and degree of a differential equation. GP (with proof) . from first principles.problems.M. 5. Sn3 4.. · Application of Definite Integrals: Area under a curve. THEORY OF INDICES AND LOGARITHMS · Recapitulation of theory of Indices . Sn2. G. · The equation x2 + 1 = 0 and introducing complex numbers. H.M. GP. a cubic equation and a biquadratic .. solution of first order differential equations by the method of separation of variables. area enclosed between two curves usig definite integrals. Recurring decimal numbers .P.P.. To insert n arithmetic means. methods of integration (i) substitution (ii) partial fractions (iii) integration by parts..M. derivation of the formula for nPr from first principles. A.. H.M. etc. (ii) complex roots of a polynomial equation occur in conjugate pairs . Proofs of G2 = AH and A P G P H . HP. Problems. · Proofs of (i) irrational roots of a polynomial equation occur in conjugate pairs.M. Intereation as the reverse process of differentiation.P. G. PERMUTATIONS AND COMBINATIONS · Definition of linear permutation. G. or equiv.problems 3.· Maxima and minima of a function of a single variable . square roots. n geometric means and n harmonic means between any two given numbers .problems. G H are the A. · Definition of infinite series. Probles. Problems.formula . · A. BINOMIAL THEOREM . finite and infinite sequences as mappings. derivation of the formula for nCr. and H.equation.. Proofs of nCr = nCn-r and nCr-1 + nCr = n+1Cr . · Definition of combination. .P. cubic and biquadratic equations given certain conditions and given that the roots are in A.problems.Problems of solving equations given an irrational root and given a complex root . Standard for mulae.problems. ellipse. · Symmetric functions of the roots of quadratic. when the common ratio r is such that -1 < r < 1.P. Solutions of quadratic.. .. · Solution of a standard cubic equation X3 + 3HX + G = 0 by Cardan's method only . Formula for the number of permutations when some things are alike of one kind. · Interation: Statement of fundamental theorem of integral calculus.problems.M. Interals of : · Definite Intregrals: Evaluation of definite integrals.problems · Laws of logarithms (with proof) .problems 6. PROGRESSIONS · Recapitulation of sequences of real numbers. respectively of any two numbers a and b.problems · Sum to infinity of a G.P. Problems on induction including Sn. Mathematics . Formation of a first order differential equation. Also problems involving two dimensional figures only.problems 2. sum to n terms of an AP. of two numbers a and b. Problems. H.Problems. standard areas likearea of circle.problems · Circular permutation .

condition for concurrency of three lines. to find the solution of ax L b (mod m) . Equation of the inernal and external bisector of the angle between two lines .D.problems. bc) = 1 (7) If p is prime and a is any integer then either (p.problems ANALYTICAL GEOMETRY AND CALCULUS 9.s Algorithm. statement of Division Algorithm. using Euclid.point form.problems. of any two integers. slope of the line joining any two points. Proofs of the following properties (1) "Lmode m" is an equivalence relation (2) a L b (mod m) => a ExLbEx (mod m) and ax L bx (mod m) (3) If c is relatively prime to m and ca Lcb (mod m) then a L b (mod m) ..a) = 1 or p | a (8) The smallest positive divisor of a composite number "a" does not axceed a · Congruence modulo m .Definition and properties of divisibility.definition. · Greatest Common Divisor (G.intercept form .problems · Relatively prime numbers.Definition.problems. of two integers a and b as ax + by for integers x and y .problems. prime numbers and composite numbers.cancellation law (4) If a L b (mod m) and n is a positive divisor of m then a L b (mod n) (5) a L b (mod m) => a and b leave the same remainder when divided by m · Conditions for the existence of the solution of linear congruence ax L b (mod m) (statements only).C. Length of the perpendicular from the origin and from a point to a line. To express the G. section formula. COORDINATE GEOMETRY · Coordinate system in a plane (cartesian) · Distance formula. periodic functions. ELEMENTS OF NUMBER THEORY AND CONGRUENCES · Divisibility . to find the G. statements of the algebra of limits . slope of a line m = tanq where q is the angle made by the line with the positive x-axis.) of any two integers. . · Proofs of the following properties (1) The smallest divisor > 1 of an integer > 1 is a prime number. problems · Pair of lines .problems · Rules for resolving a proper fraction into partial fractions. functional value problems.Derivations.D.problems 8. derivations of (1) condition for pair of lines. intercept form. x^n . Derivation and problems · Conditions for parallelism and perpendicularity of two lines . problems · Straight lines. centroid of a triangle. (3) If c and a are relatively prime and c|ab then c|b (4) If p is prime and p|ab then p/a or p|b (5) If there exist integers x and y such that ax + by = 1 then (a.problems · Angle between two lines.D. reduction of an improper fraction into a sum of a polynomial and a proper fraction .C.Homogeneous equation of second degree. (2) condition for a pair of parallel lines. PARTIAL FRACTIONS · Rational fractions.a^n . CALCULUS · Functions of a real variable. · Binomial coefficients .statements of the formulae without proof . point of intersection of two lines. (3) condition for a pair of coincident lines (4) angle and point of intersections of a pair of lines . slope .Derivations .c) = 1 then (a. general eq uation of second degree. general equation of a line. (a. area of a triangle .Derivations. 10. 7. types of functions. (2) There are infinity of primes.C. · Limit of a function .problems · Various forms of the equation of a straight line : slope . problems · Locus of a point. mid-point formula.problems · Standard limits (with proofs) (1) lim x -> a.b) = 1. two point form.· Statement and proof of Binomial theorem for a positive integral index by induction.b) = 1 (6) If (a. proper and improper fractions. To find the middle terms. terms independent of x and term containing a definite power of x . perpendicular lines and distance between the pair of parallel lines. Normal form . the number of positive divisors of a number and sum of all positive divisors of a number .

· Graphs of Trigonometric functions 12. Proofs of (i) p radians = 1800 (ii) 1 radian is constant (iii ) s = rq where q is in radians (iv) Area of the sector of a circle given by A=1/2 r2q where q is in radians .problems · Trigonometric functions . · Solution of triangles given (i) three sides (ii) two sides and the included angle (iii) two angles and a side (iv) two sides and the angle opposite to one of these sides . Problems. angle of depression. compound angles. Half-angle formulae. multiple angles. Tangent rule. problems. projection rule (with proofs) .problems.1 / x = 1 (v) lim x->0 a^x . check your CET Brochure. SYLLABUS FOR THE CET For the. · Trigonometric identities (with proofs).Angle of elevation. Biology .x-a =n a^(n-1)when n is rational (2) lim q -> 0.problems. · Heights and distances . submultiple angles and Transformation formulae (with proofs) .Definition.1 / x = loge a Problems on these limits Evaluation of limits if lim x -> 0 f (x) / g (x) OR 0/0 form lim n -> h f (n) / g (n) OR infinity/infinity form where degree of f(n) O degree g (n) problems TRIGONOMETRY 11. · Trigonometric ratios of an acute angle. MEASUREMENT OF ANGLES AND TRIGONOMETRIC FUNCTIONS · Radian measure . problems · Trigonometric functions of standard angles. area of a triangle. problems. exact portions/syllabus for the current year.definitions. · Trigonometric functions of allied angles. Cosine rule. sin q =1 when q is radians when q is radians (tan q)/q= 1 (4) Statements of the limits (i) lim n->infinty (1+ 1/n)^n = e (ii) lim x->0 (1 + x)^ 1/x = e (iii) lim x->0 loge (1 + x) /x = 1 (iv) lim x->0 e^x . q (3) lim q -> 0. RELATIONS BETWEEN SIDES AND ANGLES OF A TRIANGLE · Sine rule.

diffusion.insulin production: Genetic finger printing.BOTANY CELL BIOLOGY AND GENETICS Chromosomes: Morphology. concept of imbibition. Genetic engineering. Improvement of crop plants (wheat and rice). BIOENERGETICS: Concept of Bioenergy and its involvement in plant growth and development. sickle cell anaemia. structure of the stomatal apparatus. Kinetochore. Plant Anatomy: Internal structures of dicot root (e.plasmid as a vector (eg. Structure and number (haploidy. Temperature.] Respiration: Ultrastructure of mitochondrion as a seat of respiration.g. Sex Determination: Concept of autosomes and allosomes. Definition of respiration . Mention of Rh factor and its significance .pressure potential).inheritance of blood groups. Helianthus). diploidy. General applications of biotechnology. Incomplete dominance (e. Helianthus) and Isobilateral leaf (eg. its importance as genetic material. Salivary and lampbrush chromosomes. Types of Vascular bundles. Mohl's half leaf experiment and necessity of chlorophyll for photosynthesis. tRNA and mRNA. eye colour in Drosophila and coulur blindness and haemophilia in human beings). HISTOLOGY AND PLANT ANATOMY Histology: Meristems. (Nu bodies) Centromere. Collenchyma. polyploidy and aneuploidy) Down's syndrome. Dicot stem (eg. Haemophilia and Albinism. Sclerenchyma and Vascular tissues. Maize). Genetic Diseases: Phenylketonuria. Nucleic Acids: Occurrence.Law of limiting factors. Genetic Code and Protein Synthesis: Gregor Johann Mendel and His Work On Pea Plants: Laws of inheritance (Law of Segregation and Law of independent assortment) Monohybrid and dihybrid pattern of inheritance. Helianthus). duplex model of DNA. osmosis. Melandrium) Sex linked inheritance with respect to X-linked genes (eg. Mirabilis jalapa). monocot root (eg. B. Turner's syndrome and Klinefelter's syndrome. Definition of photosynthesis. Mechanism of sex determination by XX and XY methods in Drosophila and human beings (Genic balance theory not expected). Telomere. Sex determination in plants (eg. light. Secondary growth in dicot stem.a brief account of gene structure . Photosynthesis: Ultrastructure of the chloroplast: Existence of photosystems. deplasmolysis. Parenchyma. Evolution of O2. Biotechnology: Concept of Biotechnology. Translocation of Organic Solutes: Structure involved. Mechanism of photosynthesis light and Dark reactions (C3 pathway).Lacoperon concept. Experiments to demonstrate osmosis Potato osmoscope and Thistle funnel experiments [Experiments can be demonstrated in practical classes. Brief account of plant tissue culture. Ultrastructure of the chromosome Nucleosomes. A brief account of DNA duplication. Monocot stem (eg. Euchromatin and heterochromatin. Multiple allelism Descripiion of blood groups: A. Maize). [Note: All these internal structures can be studied in practical classes with the help of visual aids like charts] PLANT-WATER RELATIONS Significance of water for life. Maize). Inheritance of Y -linked genes (eg. mechanism of stomatal movement (starch hydrolysis theory and proton concept). turgor pressure (pressure potential). Dorsiventral leaf (eg. Plasmolysis.g. Concept of gene . AB and O. transcription of mRNA. Factors --. cohesion. RNA A brief account of structure and functions of rRNA. Mechanism (Transcellular streaming and Mass flow hypothesis). carbon dioxide and water Experiments: Light screen. Ascent of Sap: Structure involved and a brief account of mechanism (pulsatory theory.] Absorption of Water: A brief account of the mechanism of water absorption and mineral absorption (carrier concept in brief). osmotic potential. PUC 18 or pbr 322) Gene cloning . Transpiration pull theory and Root pressure theory). water potential (water potentia = osmotic potential . Loss of Water: Transpiration and Guttation: Structures involved. Experiments: Gonong's and Farmer's potometers with calculations. [ Note: Experiments can be studied in the practical classes. chemical composition. hypertrichosis).

hyperacidiity and ulcer.Process of digestion of carbohydrates. measurement of growth rate by using Arc auxanometer with calculations. Environmental Problems: Human population explosion and pollution (Air. (b) Compound: Stratified squamous. Synecology. Diabetes mellitus. Meaning of internal environment. Experiment to demonstrate anaerobic respiration. Blood pressure. population. Gibberellins.Blood: Components . food web. . CIRCULATION .Origin and conduction of heartbeat. fats and proteins in the human alimentary canal. [Note: Experiments can be studied in the practical classes.S. phases of growth. Columnar. -Connective: Areolar. Cartilage (hyaline. sanctuaries and zoos and legislation). temperature)..Homeostasis . structural and functional components of an Ecosystem with pond ecosystem (Aquatic ecosystem) and Tropical deciduous forest (Terrestrial ecosytem) as examples.Structure of human heart (V.A brief account of jaundice.Abnormalities in the heart: Heart enlargement (cardiomegaly) (a) Left ventricular hypertrophy due to aortic regurgitation.Muscular: Striated. . field burning. .). [Note: Expcriment can be studied in Practicals. industries. Thermos flask experiment and Kuhne's fermentation tube. Non-striated and Cardiac. sulphur cycle and phosphorus cycles). . . Ganong's simple respiroscope. Nitrogen cycle. conservation of wild life (setting up of National parks.Histology of human small intestine to illustrate to organisation of tissues. Application of phytohormones in agriculture and horticulture INTRODUCTION TO ECOLOGY: Definition of Ecology. location and functions. Mechanism of aerobic and anaerobic respirations. Adipose. community.Structure of the different part of the human digestive system. Example: Homeostatic functions of liver and pancreas in the regulation of blood sugar. power plants. Respiration Quotient [RQ].Types of respiration.] Factors: External factors (Light. ecosystem and Biosphere). radioactive wastes and sewage).Definition. -Epithelium: (a) Simple: Squamous. water and soil pollulions). DIGESTION . . food chain. carbon cycle. Cuboidal. Regions of growth in the plant body. .J GROWTH: Definition.Nervous: Neuron (multipolar Myelinated neuron. Biogeochemical cycles (eg. . Autoecology. . Habitat preservation. Ethylene and ABA). growth curve. inverted pyramid of number in a parasitic food chain. biomass and energy). hepertension (arteriosclerosis) & hypotension. Experiments: Evolution of CO2. ZOOLOGY MAN IN HEALTH & DISEASE HISTOLOGY Tissues: Basic types. pesticides. Fermentation as in industrial process.Types of Heart: Myogenic and Neurogenic . sources of pollution (Automobiles. . Trophiclevels. A brief account of external and interna1 factors. Ci1iated and Glandular. Energy flow in an ecosytem. Internal factors .Definition with example.plant hormones (Auxins. Pasteur's effect. waste incinerations. Bone (mammalian). ecological pyramids (of number. Ecological units (species.mitral stenosis and aortic stenosis. Effects of pollution and controlling measures. Development and Preservation of Ecosystems: Soil conservation methods. Afforestation. Mechanism of working of heart. fibrous and elastic). obesity and high blood pressure (b) Right ventricular hypertrophy (corpulmonale) due to hypertension in pulmonary circulation Defects in the valves . Ecosystem: Classification.

causes and prevention. . New hamphshire and breeds 1ike Giriraj.Varieties of silk (mulberry and non. (gaseous exchange at alveoli). allergic disorders like hay fever (Rhinitis). internal respiration (transport of respiratory gases) and cellular respiration. Jersey. . and E.Disorders of respiratory system: Lung cancer. Cyanosis (BlueBaby). . Myocardial infarction. 3.Gonorrhea. .Importance of eggs in combating protein malnutrition. functions of various topographical areas of cerebrum & structure of spinal cord (T. .F.A brief account of early development upto the formation of primary germ layers in Frog (a typical vertebrate).Atrial septal defect (ASD) and Ventricular Septal defect (VSD). .A brief study of the endocrine functions of pituitary .) .Structure of the sperm and Graafian follicle (to be studied in practicals. . asthama and bronchitis (Effects of smoking and pollutants are to be emphasized). paralysis & haemorrhage causes and effects. Efforts to counter the drug menace. Genetic drift. .Importance of cattle in leather industry. .Importance of mulberry cultivation. renal failure and kidney stone formation.Septal holes .Table varieties like Plymouth rock. ORGANIC EVOLUTION . POULTRY .Life cycle of silk moth.Need for birth control .T.Strcture of generalised ovum and Sperm. NERVOUS SYSTEM .Types and mechanism of fertilization. . SERICULTURE . external respiration.I. . 4.Structure of the human respiratory system. techniques).mulberry).Utility of cattle (livestock) in agriculture. Sexual reproduction.Concept of Neo-Darwinism: .Infertility control .Listing the derivatives of germ layers.Test tube babies (G.V.Hardy Weinberg law.Importance of high yielding varieties like white leg horn and Rhode island.Sexually transmitted diseases . ANIMAL RESOURCES AND HUMAN WELFARE DAIRY . . placenta and role of sex hormones. CONTINUITY OF LIFE DEVELOPMENTAL BIOLOGY .Gross structure of the nephron.F. . ORIGIN AND EVOLUTION OF LIFE OR IGIN OF LIFE .Theory of chemical evolution of lice.A brief note on fertilization implantation. formation of urine.T.Mechanism of respiration: Breathing.S. source of Variations . 2. Significance of dialysis.Disorder of the excretory system. .A brief survey of Darwinism and Mutation Theory .Concept of abiogenesis and biogenesis . HUMAN REPRODUCTION . .General account of gametogenesis.) .Disorders of the nervous system: Epilepsy. Miller's experiment. Syphilis and AIDS .General organisation of human brain (sagittal section). fertilzers and gelatin. EXCRETION .Poultry as a subsidiary source of income.Composition of milk . . .Effect of alcohol and narcotic drugs on the body.I.a survey of family plnning methods. RESPIRATION . Holstein and its advantages. . Mutation.1. biogas.Cross breeding with breeds like Red Dane. transport and food.Superovulation and embryo transplantation .Important breeds of cattle like Hallikar and Nagapuri . .Byproducts of Silk industry.Introduction to sericulture as an agro industry. . . Isolation.

· Differences between Prokaryotes and Eukaryotes.Economics of fish farming .alternation of generation.alternation of generation.Occurrence and classification based on forms.asexual and sexual reproductions ( developmental stages of sex organs and sporophyte not expected). Mention of viral diseases in plants (Mosaic. mumps. · Pteridophytes : Introduction and classification.Food fishes of Karnataka: Labeo.vegetative.occurrence and external morphology of gametophyte . external morphology of sporophyte .reproduction (fission endospore formation.classification · (Phycomycetes. · Cycas: Occurrence. · Aymnosperms: Introduction and classification. asexual and sexual reproductions . KINGDOM: PROTISTA · Algae . · Polytrichum .ultrastructure of a bacterial cell .economic importance of blue green algae. external morphology of sporophyte . Ascomycetes. Mycota. small pox. structure and reproduction · Mushroom culture technique in brief. (see Protozoans under zoology part). Metaphyta & Metazoa) up to the level of classes. catla Cirrhina.general economic importance of fungi. aids and common cold) · Introduction to Cyanobacteria (blue green algae and bacteria): Classification · Bacteria . · Nostoc . DIVERSITY OF PLANT LIFE ON EARTH · Introduction and definition of life.understanding. transformation. measels.PISCICULTURE . · Bryophytes: Classification with two examples in each class. or equiv.Classification with atleast two examples in each class. 5. Basidiomycetes and Deuteromycetes) with two examples in each class . structure and reproduction · Agaricus: Occurrence. Protista.Alternation of generation. · .Reproduction by fragmentation. · Classification of life forms: Details of 5 kingdom classification. KINGDOM: MYCOTA (Fungi) . Yellowing. polio. and transduction in brief ) beneficial and harmful effects. General economic importance of algae. KINGDOM: MONERA · Introduction and classification of viruses . 2. 4. egetative.Occurrence. hormogonia. structure of the colony and the filament . BOTANY 1. genetic recombination through conjugation.Inland fisheries. · Yeasts: Occurrence. flagellation and mode of nutrition with examples . Rohu and Catfishes (only the names shall be mentioned. Vein clearing diseases) and in man (brain fever. · Nephrolepis: Occurrence. asexual and sexual reproductions . (Monera.importance of corolloid roots and transfusion tissue in the leaflet. · Diatoms . structure and reproduction in pennate diatoms. akinetes and heterocysts . KINGDOM: METAPHYTA (plantae) · Introduction and classification. general structures and reproductions of TMV and Bacteriophages. .) Syllabus from PUC-I / XI Std. 3.occurrence.

Veterinary Sciences. TAXONOMY OF ANGIOSPERMS · Introduction. interpetiolar. persistent calyx (Solannum). stem modifications . penta and multicarpellary ovaries. self sterility. inferior and semisuperior ovaries: apocarpous and syncarpous ovaries. vegetative reproduction (Bryophyllum). placentation definition and types (marginal. · Pollination: Definition. sub aerial and aerial. herkogamy and heterostyly). · Fruits: Definition. cross pollination. Liliaceae. · Flower: Definition.post fertilization changes (development stages of embryo and endosperm are not expected). cymose and special types). · Bracts: Foliaceous (eg: Adathoda). tripinnately and decompound) Palmately (unifoliately.definition and types (alternate. Fisheries. · Androecium: Parts of a typical stamen. malvaceae. dichogamy. · Careers and scope for biology students: Anthropology. anemophily and zoophily (entamophily and chiropterophily). bi. taxonomy. Agronomy. · Inflorescence: Definition and classification (Racemose. apocyanaceae and solanaceae. Diary Technology. · Shoot system: Features and functions of the stem.free. classification and study of fruits with examples. Biochemistry and Psychology. Petaloid (eg Bougainvillea). · Root system: Features and functions of tap root and adventitious roots. anatomy. · Leaf: Parts of a typical leaf . true and false fruits. fabaceae. · Leaf modifications: Phyllodes (Acacia melanoxylon). physiology. porogamy. importance of taxonomy.Biophysics. · Gynoecium: Parts of a pistil: superior. involucre of bracts (eg Tridax or sunflower) and spathe (eg Aroid). . double fertilization and triple fusion.definition and types .hydrophily. Detailed description of flow ers in technical terms. mono. wiser use of natural resources. Special adaptation in salvia . · Fertilization: Definition. B G L Swamy and Dr H G Khorana. palaentology evolution. ochreate. arecaceae. root modifications for storage. diadelphous and polyadelphous stamens).contrivances (dicliny.Cruciform. Difference between a dicot and a monocot plant. Engler and Prantl system of classification. cohesion in stamens (monadelphous. · Adhesion of floral parts (eg epipetalous stamens. bifioliately. Sericulture. respiration. P Maheswari. Pathology Entomology.· Angiosperms: Introduction. bipinnately. Environmental Biology and Ethology Interdependence of biology with other disciplines .Dicot leaf (eg: Hibiscus) Monocot leaf (eg: Zea mays) · Stipules . Papilionaceous. Forestry. rotate and bilabiate. Microbiology. · Calyx: Epicalyx. infundibuliform. parts of a typical angiosperm eg: Brassica juncea (mustard plant). · Venation .Reticulate venation (pinnately and palmately) and parallel venation ((pinnately and palmately) . Agriculture. geitonogamy. Parashara. · Syngenesious anthers and synandrous stamens. Developmental Biology.underground. lateral.Nepenthes and Utricularia). Poultry. · Compound leaves: Pinnately compound (unipinnately.significance of cross pollination. calyx in (Mussaenda). imbricate. J C Bose . Food technology and Genetic engineering. opposite and whorl). Sushrutha. insectivorous plants (Drosera. basal. · Study of the following families with the plants of economic importance under these families. tubular. Types of cross pollination basing on agents . · Branches of biology: Cell biology. · Phyllotaxy . tri. parts of a typical flower eg: Tribulus. adnate and foliaceous types. 6. histology. ZOOLOGY 7. axile. Pharmacy. mesogamy and chalazogamy . Contribution of Indian scientists to biology: Charaka. Eugenics. pappus (Tridax). mechanical support. · Corolla: Forms of corolla . self pollination . contributions of Linnaeus to Taxonomy in brief. genetics. parietal and free central placentations) structure of an anatropous ovule. Understanding the relationship between man and nature. floating and sucking. · Aestivations: Definition and types (valvate. Differences between simple and compound leaves. ascendingly and descendingly imbricate and contorted aestivations). tetra. INTRODUCTION TO BIOLOGY · Definition of the term biology: Collection of useful knowledge for the understanding of man in health and disease. xenogamy. tendrils (Smilax and Gloriosa).) Structure of a mature anther. trifoliately and multifoliately) leaves.cleistogamy and homogamy.

preventive measures. · Nucleus: Components and functions. Arthropoda. Carcinoma. TYPE STUDY · Cockroach . Mollusca and Enchinodermata. · Lipids: Definition. structure.As an example of organ grade of construction and successful terrestrial animal. 9. conjugated and derived proteins with suitable examples. · External features with special reference to head. oligo and poly saccharides with suitable examples. CELL DIVISION · A brief account of amitosis. circulatory and excretory systems · Study of nervous system · General organisation of reproductive system (male and female) and life history. Platyhelminthes.Phyla and classification upto classes with suitable examples . properties. fluid mosaic model of plasma membrane. 10. Nematoda. compound lipids and steriods with suitable examples. wings and legs. lysosomes. · Enzymes: Nature. biological significance. · Study of digestive. · Major animal phyla · General characters of invertebrata . classification. Annelida. Coelenterata. definition.8. location and functions (detailed structure and role in protein synthesis to be studied in Second PU Botany portion).Protozoa. STUDY OF THE CELL · Generalised account of the ultrastructure of an animal cell and its organelles. mouth parts. · Proteins: Amino acids and peptide bonds. Linnaean hierarchy kingdom to species. listing of types of cancer like sarcoma. . Lymphoma and Leukemia with suitable examples. · Nucleic acids: Types. mechanism of action and importance in biological systems. DIVERSITY OF ANIMAL LIFE · Principles of animal taxonomy: Principles of binomial nomenclature. Gross structure of chromosomes 12.Cancer characteristics and causes. and functions of endoplasmic reticulum. nature and classification into mono. biological significance. Porifera. mitosis and meiosis (emphasis on meosis . transport. · Difference between plant cell and animal cell. biological significance. transport functions (pinocytosis phagocytosis and active transport ) occurrence. UNITY OF LIFE: BIOLOGICAL MOLECULES · Carbohydrates: Definition. centrosome and mitochondria (details of Kerb's cycle and ETS excluded).from Pisces to Mammala. 11. · General characters of vertebrate with suitable examples classes of phylum chordata . respiratory. nature and classification into simple lipids. ribosomes. nature and classification into simple.1) · Cancer biology .