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Fifth Edition

CHAPTER

9

MECHANICS OF MATERIALS
Ferdinand P. Beer E. Russell Johnston, Jr. John T. DeWolf David F. Mazurek Lecture Notes: J. Walt Oler Texas Tech University

Deflection of Beams

© 2009 The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All rights reserved.

8 Moment-Area Theorems Application to Cantilever Beams and Beams With Symmetric . Statically Indeterminate Beams Sample Problem 9.. 9. All rights reserved...1 Sample Problem 9.11 Application of Moment-Area Theorems to Beams With Unsymme. Fifth Edition Beer • Johnston • DeWolf • Mazurek Sample Problem 9...2 . Maximum Deflection Use of Moment-Area Theorems With Statically Indeterminate...3 Method of Superposition Sample Problem 9. Bending Moment Diagrams by Parts Sample Problem 9.7 Application of Superposition to Statically Indeterminate . © 2009 The McGraw-Hill Companies.. Inc.MECHANICS OF MATERIALS Contents Deformation of a Beam Under Transverse Loading Equation of the Elastic Curve Direct Determination of the Elastic Curve From the Load Di...

Inc. •  Cantilever beam subjected to concentrated load at the free end. .MECHANICS OF MATERIALS Fifth Edition Beer • Johnston • DeWolf • Mazurek Deformation of a Beam Under Transverse Loading •  Relationship between bending moment and curvature for pure bending remains valid for general transverse loadings. •  At the support B. •  Curvature varies linearly with x •  At the free end A.3 © 2009 The McGraw-Hill Companies. All rights reserved. 9.

All rights reserved. •  Maximum curvature occurs where the moment magnitude is a maximum.e.4 .MECHANICS OF MATERIALS •  Overhanging beam Fifth Edition Beer • Johnston • DeWolf • Mazurek Deformation of a Beam Under Transverse Loading •  Reactions at A and C •  Bending moment diagram •  Curvature is zero at points where the bending moment is zero. at each end and at E. Inc. © 2009 The McGraw-Hill Companies. i. •  Beam is concave upwards where the bending moment is positive and concave downwards where it is negative.. •  An equation for the beam shape or elastic curve is required to determine maximum deflection and slope. 9.

All rights reserved. Inc. © 2009 The McGraw-Hill Companies.MECHANICS OF MATERIALS Equation of the Elastic Curve Fifth Edition Beer • Johnston • DeWolf • Mazurek •  From elementary calculus. •  Substituting and integrating. simplified for beam parameters.5 . 9.

–  Simply supported beam –  Overhanging beam –  Cantilever beam •  More complicated loadings require multiple integrals and application of requirement for continuity of displacement and slope. All rights reserved.6 . 9.MECHANICS OF MATERIALS Equation of the Elastic Curve Fifth Edition Beer • Johnston • DeWolf • Mazurek •  Constants are determined from boundary conditions •  Three cases for statically determinant beams. Inc. © 2009 The McGraw-Hill Companies.

© 2009 The McGraw-Hill Companies.MECHANICS OF MATERIALS Fifth Edition Beer • Johnston • DeWolf • Mazurek Direct Determination of the Elastic Curve From the Load Distribution •  For a beam subjected to a distributed load. 9.7 . Inc. •  Equation for beam displacement becomes •  Integrating four times yields •  Constants are determined from boundary conditions. All rights reserved.

•  Also have the beam deflection equation. •  Conditions for static equilibrium yield The beam is statically indeterminate.8 . All rights reserved. •  From free-body diagram. 9. note that there are four unknown reaction components. Inc. which introduces two unknowns but provides three additional equations from the boundary conditions: © 2009 The McGraw-Hill Companies.MECHANICS OF MATERIALS Statically Indeterminate Beams Fifth Edition Beer • Johnston • DeWolf • Mazurek •  Consider beam with fixed support at A and roller support at B.

MECHANICS OF MATERIALS Sample Problem 9. Inc.9 . © 2009 The McGraw-Hill Companies. of maximum deflection. •  Evaluate corresponding maximum (c) evaluate ymax. •  Integrate differential equation twice and apply boundary conditions to obtain elastic curve. All rights reserved. (b) determine the maximum deflection. deflection. 9. •  Locate point of zero slope or point (a) derive the equation for the elastic curve. For portion AB of the overhanging beam.1 Fifth Edition Beer • Johnston • DeWolf • Mazurek SOLUTION: •  Develop an expression for M(x) and derive differential equation for elastic curve.

All rights reserved.MECHANICS OF MATERIALS Sample Problem 9. -  Reactions: -  From the free-body diagram for section AD. -  The differential equation for the elastic curve. © 2009 The McGraw-Hill Companies.1 SOLUTION: Fifth Edition Beer • Johnston • DeWolf • Mazurek •  Develop an expression for M(x) and derive differential equation for elastic curve. Inc. 9.10 .

All rights reserved. 9.1 Fifth Edition Beer • Johnston • DeWolf • Mazurek •  Integrate differential equation twice and apply boundary conditions to obtain elastic curve. Substituting. © 2009 The McGraw-Hill Companies.MECHANICS OF MATERIALS Sample Problem 9. Inc.11 .

9.MECHANICS OF MATERIALS Sample Problem 9. Inc. © 2009 The McGraw-Hill Companies.1 Fifth Edition Beer • Johnston • DeWolf • Mazurek •  Locate point of zero slope or point of maximum deflection. All rights reserved. •  Evaluate corresponding maximum deflection.12 .