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CONSTRUCTION OF SKYWALK FROM BANDRA SUBURBAN RAILWAY STATION (EAST)TO KALANAGAR BY M.M.R.D.

A -A CASE STUDY

Prof Nagajuna Pilaka Asst Professor, NICMAR, Pune

Prof. Arjita Majumdar Lecturer, Civil Engineering Department M.I.T Pune-38

ABSTRACT
The Mumbai Skywalk Project is a series of skywalks in and around the metropolitan region of Mumbai. The project was initiated by the Mumbai Metropolitan Region Development Authority. Currently, 50 projects are planned, with 18 of them to be built by the Maharashtra State Road Development Corporation. The Bandra-Kurla Skywalk is the first skywalk to be built among them.Bandra is one of the major suburban station in Mumbai. More than thousand suburban trains operation take place every day. About 5 lacs commuters traveling through this station, out of this 39% of commuters approach the station by walk, while 32% by bus 16% by Auto and 13% by other modes. With the development of Bandra-Kurla Complex(BKC) in the last few years, the commuters from BKC have substantially increased. Further, the Western Railway is developing the Bandra Terminal about 1 km north of the suburban station and operations from this terminal are also increasing every year.. Considering this the Bandra Station Area Traffic Improvement Scheme (SATIS) has been included in the priority works under Mumbai Urban Infrastructure Project MUIP master plan. After considering several alternatives it is decided to develop Skywalk from Bandra (E) to Kalanagar and Bandra (W) to Hill road and Mohd. Raffi Chowk on priority. Skywalk form Bandra (E) to Kalanagar has been completed as pilot project. The Skywalk between Bandra Station from existing Foot Over Bridge (F.O.B) to Kalanagar has been constructed to serve the commuters traffic between BKC and the Station. The work included construction of Skywalk from Bandra suburban railway F.O.B to Kalanagar. It is 1300 m. long and 4 m. wide walk way and with 4 staircases at various locations. This Skywalk is covered by multi wall polycarbonate sheet for weather protection to the pedestrian. The integration arrangements with the railway for provision of ticket counter, if required by railway are being finalized. The present paper deals with the Bandra skywalk from its inception stage to its completion. Key words: Skywalk, Bandra

INTRODUCTION Transport interchange activities, passenger transfer between trains, buses, taxies & private vehicles make the station area most congested. The problem aggravates with the road side hawking and vehicular parking. The Sky walk is an elevated walk way dedicated to the pedestrians connecting the railway station/ high concentration commercial area and destination points where concentration of pedestrians prevail. The purpose of the sky walk is for efficient dispersal of commuters from station/congested area to strategic locations viz. bus stops, taxi stands, shopping areas, off roads etc. and vice versa. This would help decongest the crowded streets. Mumbai with its population of over 12 million is the commercial and financial capital of India generating 5% of India’s GDP and contributing 30% of country’s Tax revenue. More than 10 million passenger use suburban railway and bus service everyday. All public transport users start and end their journey as

With the development of Bandra Kurla Complex and its surrounding areas.O. 2007. • Successfully completed as prime contractor .0 m. passenger transfer between Suburban trains. from the experienced contractors registered in appropriate class with Government of Maharashtra or other State Governments/ Government of India. Special care is taken to ensure that movement of commuters is not affected by segregating shopping/ hawking area. taxi/ auto rickshaw and private vehicles make the stations most congested.0 m.0 m. the Mumbai Metropolitan Region Development Authority (MMRDA) conceived the project of skywalks under the Station Area Improvement Scheme (SATIS). Eligibility criteria for the Bidder was as follows • Achieved.The Skywalk from Bandra station (East) to kalanagar was taken up for implementation by MMRDA as a pilot project with the cooperation of Western Railway and MCGM. BEST buses. Western Railway terminal and growth of commercial activities the Bandra station area is experiencing very high traffic and pedestrians volume. Bandra Skywalk Bandra suburban railway station is a major station with more than 1000 services operations every day.pedestrians only. The ever increasing automobile usage and increased speeds on account of changing vehicle technology. V and on payment of Rs 5. The project consisted of Design and Construction of Sky Walk structure at Bandra ( East).0 m. framed structure with Polycarbonate Sheet as roofing and resting on 1. The provision of shopping hawking zones will give way to clearing the footpaths thereby providing thrice the capacity for pedestrians. clear walkway • Structural details – The Skywalk construction consists of elevated walkway of 4. CONTRACT DETAILS On 15th October. Over the last 5 decades the Station areas have emerged as nodal points for retail business. To combat this massive problem and give priority to pedestrians.0x3.000/( non refundable). Some skywalks can also boost of a shopping plaza . above the ground level. Kalanagar on either side of Sion-Dharavi Road. • No. Road side friction and encroachments also call dedicated facility around the suburban stations and congested areas. improvement of road geometrics and driver’s habit made it essential to develop pedestrian safety facilities. CPWD/ NHAL Government undertakings and carried out similar type of works. of Staircase – 4 Nos. The general features are as follows:• Length of the Skywalk – 1300 m. approximately 6. Near ONGC Building. Last date for submitting the bid document was 2nd November 2007. dia. Presence of vegetable and fruit venders and other hawkers along with unauthorized extensions of shops make it extremely difficult for commuters to walk outside stations and reach respective destinations. Suburban rail is the backbone of Mumbai’s transport system. minimum annual turn over of over of Rs 2000 lakh ( in all class of civil engineering construction work) in two financial years. IT-PAN. Concentration of transport interchange activities. The work included construction of Skywalk form Bandra suburban railway Foot Over Bridge to Kalanagar. The Complete set of bid document could be purchased for the Office of MMRDA at Bandra East form 16th October to 30th October 2007 on submission of a written application along with attested copies of registration certificates. Pier of ht. • Width of the Skywalk – 4.B to Kalanagar has been constructed to serve the commuters traffic between BKC and the Station. in last five years ending 31st March 2007. The Skywalk between Bandra Station from existing F. MMRDA invited bids for the work ’Construction of Sky Walk for Bandra Suburban station (East) to Kalanagar ’ on lump sum basis. • Staircase location – Anant Kanekar Marg Police Chowki.

N. M/s Das Offshore Engg. Bhobe Associates Project Cost : Rs. Pvt. DAS Offshore Consultant: .15.M/S. Skywalk form Bandra (E) to Kalanagar has been completed as pilot project.• • • Project Status One civil engineering construction work costing not less than RS 1000 Lakh in last 5 years. large and small size. The integration arrangements with the railway for provision of ticket counter. getting affected Provision of shops on the sky walk.63. the construction has been completed and the same was inaugurated on 24th June. was appointed as the contractor for the total cost of Rs. The construction for the project was initiated from 27th December. Constructed one foot over bridge in last 10 years Contractor: .The considering the Bandra Station Area Traffic Improvement Scheme has been included in the priority works under MUIP master plan. It is 1300 m. of trees. 2008. The Alignment and Designs of the skywalk was finalized based on the following points • • • • • • • • • Dispersal/entry points at strategic locations Under ground utilities and minimum number of structures affected Available road widths Proximity of adjacent buildings No.13. This Skywalk proposed is covered by multi wall polycarbonate sheet for weather protection to the pedestrian.M/S.000/Project Period : 6 months Issue of Work order : 27th December.The Skywalk between Bandra Station from (Existing Foot Over Bridge to Kalanagar has been constructed to serve the commuters traffic between BKC and the Station. wide walk way and 4 staircase at various locations. 13. The Skywalk has now been opened for the use of Pedestrians and the procedure for Operations and Maintenance of the Skywalk has been initiated by inviting tenders. etc. GENERAL FEATURES OF THE SKYWALK Bandra SATIS:.63 Cr. Shri Vilasrao Deshmukh. Total Commuters 5. if required by railway are being finalized. S.00 lakh daily . 400 Lath in the last 5 years. After considering several alternatives it is decided to develop Skywalks from Bandra (E) to Kalanagar and Bandra (W) to Hill road and Mohd. 2008 under the hands of Chief minister. Raffi Chowk on priority.) The work included construction of Skywalk form Bandra suburban railway Foot Over Bridge to Kalanagar. 2007 The Project have been completed and opened to public with effect from 24th June. Ltd. 2007. if any. The Skywalk from Bandra station (East) to kalanagar was taken up for implementation by MMRDA as pilot project with the cooperation of Western Railway and MCGM. One Structural Steel work involving fabrication and erection costing not less than Rs. The the construction of skywalk was completed in record breaking period of 6 months. on one side or both the sides or on upper deck with a view to provide easy pedestrian movement Speed of construction Commuter safety Operation & maintenance. long and 4 m.

32%bus. BKC. Nandadeep Garden and Kalanagar Bus Stand. Tests such as standard penetration test compression and shear test on undisturbed samples were carried on for establishing the design parameters. Rafi Chowk. Kalanagar etc. Md. The piling was carried out by Hydraulically operated drilling machine. MHADA. The pile foundation was designed considering the various load combination forces and permissible stresses as per the latest edition of IRC 78.V Road connecting Bada Masjid. 1. 13. the samples from bore were taken and tested at site and analyzed for establishing design parameters. Indian Oil Building.50 lakh daily 39% walk. Kalanagar and Annat Kanekar Road Police Post Proposals in Bandra (West) Proposed lifts (For Senior citizens and handicapped) TECHNICAL DETAILS Substructure Substructure Consist of Mini piles of 10m depth of Pre-stressed Pre-cast type. For designing the Piles . 6mm thick M. Super structure .Dimension of any element of piers is not less than 300mm.0 m wide with Poly carbonate roofing and anti skid tile flooring Annat Kanekar Road.S liners to the piles and protective paints to pile cap and substructure was provided.Commuters from East Modal split Major Area of destination Distance covered Walkway (width) Entry /Exit points(staircases) Cost of Project Operation and Maintenance 2. Anticorrosive treatment to M.63 Cr Facility management agency to be appointed on contract who shall clean. maintain and provise 24hr security Skywalk from Bandra (W) station to S.3 Km (Bandra East to Kalanagar) 4. Special cement such as Sulphate Resisting Cement was used in pile foundation.S liner was provided to the piles from the bottom of pile cap up to rock level with anticorrosive treatment.M. 16% Auto. Where Concrete was used for substructure minimum M40 and above was used and all concrete was supplied by R.C plant. Bandra Talav.

δ=20 o and C=0 For design of structure to account for temperature the following formula was used dL = alpha x L x t.M. of pigmented mastic and . Alpha is the co efficient of expansion or contraction and L is the length of the member and dL is the expansion or contraction due to a variation of temperature in appropriate units. Wind Forces was considered in the following ways: 1) Full wind force at right angles to the superstructure. The clear Width inside starecase is 5000mm. Design of Super structure Superstructure Design is based on longitudinal and Transverse analysis. sewerage. the Trends is 300 mm. 8. Design Load: The structure was designed for load coming from the launching components etc. 2) 65% of wind force as calculated in 1 above ie acting perpendicular to the superstructure and 35% acting in traffic direction. lapping etc. traffic signal cables .00m The minimum thickness of Deck slab is around 150 mm. For calculation of thermal forces effect of ‘E’ value of concrete should be taken as 50% of the instantaneous value so as to account for effects of creep on thermal strains. b) Staircase Staircase made of MS with RCC slab for entry & exit at 3 locations for the walk way structures There are 2 no of entry and exit at Western Express Highway and one near Bandra-Kurla complex. the waist slab is about 150 mm with 40 mm cover. Vertical Clearance details: At all obligatory spans across road crossings: At all obligatory spans across road & railway crossings : Within Walkway : Parapet wall are provide for Walkway 6.0 T/ccm. In absence of actual field data the properties of back fill. Impact of such loads was considered 10% of total load. beam and winch system. Multi wall polycarbonate Sheet with aluminum tabular sections1. The risers is about 140 mm. For skywalk superstructure mainly structural . where the value of t was 40o ±20 for extreme atmospheric exposure condition. the Dry density of soil was taken 1. High splash guard with ACP in outside of truss. Various utility services such as water supply. There are 15 steps between the landings. The structures are designed for the load coming from the launching components etc beam and winch system etc Impact of such loads shall be considered not less than 10% of total load. electric cables. Walkway project consists of a covering structure of 16 mm thick.0 meter overhang beyond with eaves gutter.40m 4. The superstructure was also designed for effects of distribution across the deck depth as per IRC: 6-2000. etc. The saturated density at 2.5 m. . The design of superstructure was carried out based on longitudinal and transverse analysis.The Floor level starts from the grade and ends point matches with skywalk floor.0 meter.8 T/ccm. telephone lines etc running parallel to the road or across the road were properly shifted or adjusted as required where Concrete was used for superstructure minimum M40 and above was used and all concrete was supplied by R. street light cabled . flashings. Full wind force at right angles to the superstructure and wind force acting in traffic direction were taken in to account. Deck slab thickness is 150mm. gas pipes. petroleum pipes . ¢= 30o .The project of Sky Walk consists of : a)Structural Steel work for Walkway: Super structures is of Structural Steel truss and pre-cast slab panel as deck slab covering with floor of 16 mm thick. It has an elegant look with the best aesthetics.C plant. Clear Walkway width is of 5000 mm with Handrails of 1. which acts as a roof.

angles etc of TATA steel were used. The expansion joints are generally spaced at not less than 100m except in case of unavoidable circumstances. . Water Spout is of 150mm diameter G. Electrical Work a) b) Junction boxes. end plates.S pipe . bolts and nuts . Subsequently polishing is done with using various number of stones and final layer polishing is done with wax to achieve smooth joint less finish.PTFE Bearing from MORTH approved manufacturers in cast steel has been positioned. Green colour roofing material gives a pleasant look and also keeps the skywalk cooler and comfortable for the users.steel were used. pullout boxes. Structural steel construction has been designed as per IRC:18-2000 and Guide specifications for design and construction of Structural steel construction.I and connected to runner pipe (HDPE type) of suitable diameter (minimum 150 mm) and taken down by down take HDPE pipes of suitable diameter at approved locations. conformation to modified interim specifications for expansion joints are allowed. stiffeners. Economically also it is viable. The bearings provided are easily accessible for inspection. Structural steel of M. channels. The top layer ( 1 to 1. Floor and Roof Flooring of skywalk was done with Pigmented mastic. Structural steel members of truss are mostly welded. SD/ 303 are provided. base plate and anchor bolts for fixing electrical poles. Mastic flooring was carried out with laying thickness of 20 to 25 mm with waterproofing layer below. The contact surface of superstructure shall project beyond the edge of the bearing plate by a minimum distance of 100 mm at any location. Expansion joints conform to MORTH specifications and are procured from MORTH approved manufacturers. 110 mm diameter Double Wall Corrugated (DWC) pipe of PE with IS: 14930 part-II one in each crash barrier for entire length of Elevated road interchange and up to nearest junction box. Gusset plates. The Mastic was laid manually. The effective thickness reduced due t polishing is about 5mm. The structural components were checked for stresses during handling and erection. Expansion Joints a) b) c) Only strip seal/ modular strip joints are permitted .5mm) of 6days old mastic is then removed with the help of polishing machine attached with rough stone. Bearings below Superstructure a) b) c) d) POT. fillets etc are all of structural steel. Collection chamber are made in the ground and are connected to nearest storm water drain through 300 mm diameter NP3 pipe. Epoxy coating has been applied on the interfaces of both the steel work. Due to granite stones of various colour appearances is very attractive and looks like mosaic tiles. sleeves. Water Spouts Water spouts as per MOST Type design No. For roofing material PVC sheets were used which were fixed over the purlins. Scope for lifting the superstructure for future replacement of bearings are provided for in the design of bearing. rolled beams.

so the maintenance problem automatically vanishes. cleanliness and operation of lifts too. was appointed as the Contractor for the total cost of Rs. In addition.R. people will be automatically tend to use skywalk. As per Cost Benefit Ratio of the project is considered. From all the above discussion it is well cleared that the skywalk project fulfills all the needs.D. The Construction of skywalk was completed in record breaking period of 6 months. 2007.A has given the maintenance to the Advertising contractor . It will not only rehabilitee the people but it will also help in generating the funds in the form of taxes.M. The tax can be generated from the shopkeepers. if people can do shopping while walking . And we can very well understand that how Mumbai Pedestrians’ dream has come true with the upcoming of Skywalk in the most crowded areas. The client(MMRDA) will easily recover all the amount spent on the project and plus they are enjoying the extra benefits in the terms of money. References: . so that they can appoint a single Contractor for operating and maintaining all the skywalk in and around Mumbai. The contract will include overall maintenance. And as skywalk is free to atmosphere i. people will love to use that. more to rehabilitate persons affected by the projects. there are many subways for crossing the roads. The client(MMRDA) has recovered all the amount spent on the project and plus they are enjoying the extra benefits in the terms of money. The tax can be generated from the shopkeepers. goodwill and popularity.13. Revenue can be well generated by giving it for advertisement and if shopkeepers are allowed to do business over the skywalk. The construction has been completed and the same was inaugurated on 24th June. But as M. In Pune. M. goodwill and popularity. Who will not like to walk freely .M.D. 2008 under the hands of Chief minister. safely without any hassle of traffic in open air !!! So . The construction for the project was initiated from 27th December. The Skywalk has now been opened for the use of Pedestrians and the procedure for Operations and Maintenance of the Skywalk had been initiated by inviting tenders. the MMRDA is also looking at shopping arcades on the skywalks.R.. As per Cost Benefit Ratio of the project is considered.MAINTENANCE AND MONITORING OF SKYWALK M/s Das Offshore Engg. but people are reluctant to use that due to poor maintenance and poor ventilation. Revenue can be well generated by giving it for advertisement and if shopkeepers are allowed to do business over the skywalk.63 Cr. And moreover. Shri Vilasrao Deshmukh.e open air . after seeing the success story of Mumbai Skywalk it is the turn of Pune skywalk and I am sure the day is not far away.A is waiting for all the skywalk to get complete. Ltd. it is very high. Further. it is very high. Pvt. pedestrians will be automatically attracted to use the skywalk without making any compulsion. Conclusion Any project is conceptualized when there is a NEED.

M.<http://www.D. “Skywalk in and around Mumbai ” .1.M. 5. <http://www. 8.org / NHDP> (feb 2009) Proposed Skywalk (Bandra – East) Bandra East-the Arial View .M.M. M. M.A publication National Highways Authority of India.A Finance Document for Bandra Skywalk project. M. <http://www. Homepage.D.M.M.R. 7. 2.R. 9.A National Highways Authority of India. 4. Homepage.org/> Project Report File.R. M.A Contract Document.R.D. 6.R.M.D. Mumbai Metropolitan Region Development Authority. M. M.A An article.D. 3.nhai.A Proposal document for Bandra Skywalk project.A Technical Scope For Bandra Skywalk project.mmrda.nhai.M.D. 10. Homepage.R.D.org/> Tender Document.R.

ERECTION OF TRUSS .

Welding of Members of Truss during Night Hours A truss Showing Different Members .

Bandra Skywalk Outside View .