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For release 10:00 a.m.

(EDT) Wednesday, April 27, 2011

USDL-11-0585

Technical information:
Employment:
(202) 691-6559 • sminfo@bls.gov • www.bls.gov/sae
Unemployment:
(202) 691-6392 • lausinfo@bls.gov • www.bls.gov/lau
Media contact:

(202) 691-5902 • PressOffice@bls.gov

METROPOLITAN AREA EMPLOYMENT AND UNEMPLOYMENT — MARCH 2011
Unemployment rates were lower in March than a year earlier in 317 of the 372 metropolitan areas,
higher in 44 areas, and unchanged in 11 areas, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reported today.
Fourteen areas recorded jobless rates of at least 15.0 percent, while eight areas registered rates of less
than 5.0 percent. Two hundred sixty metropolitan areas reported over-the-year increases in nonfarm
payroll employment, 101 reported decreases, and 11 were unchanged. The national unemployment rate
in March was 9.2 percent, not seasonally adjusted, down from 10.2 percent a year earlier.
Metropolitan Area Unemployment (Not Seasonally Adjusted)
In March, 112 metropolitan areas reported jobless rates of at least 10.0 percent, down from 166 areas a
year earlier, while 65 areas posted rates below 7.0 percent, up from 44 areas a year earlier. El Centro,
Calif., recorded the highest unemployment rate, 24.6 percent in March; three other areas had rates
above 20.0 percent. Among the 14 areas with jobless rates of at least 15.0 percent, 12 were located in

Production of March Preliminary Current Employment Statistics Data
The production of state and metropolitan area Current Employment Statistics (CES) estimates
transitioned from State Workforce Agencies to the BLS with the production of preliminary
estimates for March 2011. Concurrent with this transition, the BLS implemented several
methodological changes to standardize the estimation approach across states. While these
changes will reduce the potential for statistical bias in state and metropolitan area estimates,
they may increase the month-to-month variability of the estimates. More detailed information
on the changes to procedures for producing CES estimates is available on the BLS Web site at
www.bls.gov/sae/cesprocs.htm.

California. Lincoln, Neb., and Bismarck, N.D., registered the lowest unemployment rates, 4.1 and 4.2
percent, respectively. A total of 219 areas recorded March unemployment rates below the U.S. figure of
9.2 percent, 150 areas reported rates above it, and 3 areas had rates equal to that of the nation. (See table
1 and the map.)
Elkhart-Goshen, Ind., registered the largest over-the-year unemployment rate decrease in March (-4.6
percentage points), followed by Muskegon-Norton Shores, Mich. (-4.4 points). An additional 14 areas
recorded jobless rate decreases of 3.0 percentage points or more from a year earlier, and 47 areas had
rate decreases between 2.0 and 2.9 points. Baton Rouge, La., reported the largest over-the-year jobless
rate increase (+1.6 percentage points). Five other areas had rate increases of 1.0 percentage point or
more, three of which also were located in Louisiana.
In the 49 metropolitan areas with a Census 2000 population of 1 million or more, the highest unemployment rates in March were registered in Riverside-San Bernardino-Ontario, Calif., 13.9 percent, Las
Vegas-Paradise, Nev., 13.3 percent, and Sacramento—Arden-Arcade—Roseville, Calif., 12.7 percent.
Twelve additional large areas posted rates of 10.0 percent or more. The lowest jobless rate among the
large areas was recorded in Oklahoma City, Okla., 5.2 percent, and Washington-Arlington-Alexandria,
D.C.-Va.-Md.-W.Va., 5.8 percent. Forty-seven of the large areas reported over-the-year unemployment
rate decreases, while only two areas registered rate increases. Detroit-Warren-Livonia, Mich.,
experienced the largest unemployment rate decrease from March 2010 (-3.3 percentage points). The
next largest over-the-year rate decrease was recorded in Chicago-Joliet-Naperville, Ill.-Ind.-Wis. (-2.3
percentage points). Four other large areas reported rate decreases of at least 2.0 percentage points. The
only large area with an over-the-year jobless rate increase of 1.0 percentage point or more was New
Orleans-Metairie-Kenner, La. (+1.3 points).
Metropolitan Division Unemployment (Not Seasonally Adjusted)
Eleven of the most populous metropolitan areas are made up of 34 metropolitan divisions, which are
essentially separately identifiable employment centers. In March 2011, Detroit-Livonia-Dearborn,
Mich., registered the highest jobless rate among the divisions, 12.7 percent, while Bethesda-RockvilleFrederick, Md., reported the lowest division rate, 5.2 percent. (See table 2.)
All but one of the metropolitan divisions recorded over-the-year jobless rate decreases in March. The
two divisions that make up the Detroit-Warren-Livonia, Mich., metropolitan area posted the largest rate
declines from a year earlier: Warren-Troy-Farmington Hills and Detroit-Livonia-Dearborn (-3.4 and -3.3
percentage points, respectively). Miami-Miami Beach-Kendall, Fla., experienced the only over-the-year
unemployment rate increase among divisions (+0.4 percentage point).
In 5 of the 11 metropolitan areas that contain divisions, the ranges between the highest and lowest
division jobless rates were 2.0 percentage points or more in March. Boston-Cambridge-Quincy, Mass.N.H., recorded the largest rate difference among its divisions, 6.9 percentage points (LawrenceMethuen-Salem, Mass.-N.H., 12.4 percent, compared with Nashua, N.H.-Mass., 5.5 percent).
Metropolitan Area Nonfarm Employment (Not Seasonally Adjusted)
In March, 260 metropolitan areas reported over-the-year increases in nonfarm payroll employment, 101
reported decreases, and 11 were unchanged. The largest over-the-year employment increase occurred in
Dallas-Fort Worth-Arlington, Texas (+69,000), followed by Houston-Sugar Land-Baytown, Texas
(+51,800), Chicago-Joliet-Naperville, Ill.-Ind.-Wis. (+47,700), New York-Northern New Jersey-Long
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Island, N.Y.-N.J.-Pa. (+47,300), and Los Angeles-Long Beach-Santa Ana, Calif. (+39,500). The largest
over-the-year percentage gain in employment occurred in Sandusky, Ohio (+7.8 percent), followed by
Joplin, Mo. (+6.9 percent), and Kokomo, Ind. (+6.7 percent). (See table 3.)
The largest over-the-year employment decrease was recorded in Sacramento—Arden-Arcade—
Roseville, Calif. (-14,600), followed by Memphis, Tenn.-Miss.-Ark. (-7,500), Baltimore-Towson, Md.
(-5,300), Atlanta-Sandy Springs-Marietta, Ga. (-4,900), and Trenton-Ewing, N.J. (-3,900). The largest
over-the-year percentage decrease in employment occurred in Pine Bluff, Ark. (-3.2 percent), followed
by Lewiston, Idaho-Wash., and Yuma, Ariz. (-2.7 percent each).
Over the year, nonfarm employment increased in 31 of the 36 metropolitan areas with annual average
employment levels above 750,000 in 2010. The large area with the largest over-the-year percentage
increase in employment was Milwaukee-Waukesha-West Allis, Wis. (+2.8 percent), followed by DallasFort Worth-Arlington, Texas (+2.4 percent), and Houston-Sugar Land-Baytown, Texas, and San JoseSunnyvale-Santa Clara, Calif. (+2.1 percent each). The large area with the largest over-the-year
percentage decrease in employment was Sacramento—Arden-Arcade—Roseville, Calif. (-1.8 percent),
followed by Baltimore-Towson, Md. (-0.4 percent), and Atlanta-Sandy Springs-Marietta, Ga., and
Riverside-San Bernardino-Ontario, Calif. (-0.2 percent each).
Metropolitan Division Nonfarm Employment (Not Seasonally Adjusted)
Nonfarm payroll employment data were available in March for 32 metropolitan divisions, which are
essentially separately identifiable employment centers within a metropolitan area. Twenty-nine of the 32
metropolitan divisions reported over-the-year employment gains, while 3 reported losses. The largest
over-the-year employment increase in the metropolitan divisions was registered in Dallas-Plano-Irving,
Texas (+53,400), followed by Chicago-Joliet-Naperville, Ill. (+44,800), New York-White PlainsWayne, N.Y.-N.J. (+39,200), and Washington-Arlington-Alexandria, D.C.-Va.-Md.-W.Va. (+29,000).
The largest over-the-year employment decrease in the metropolitan divisions occurred in OaklandFremont-Hayward, Calif. (-7,800), followed by Camden, N.J. (-4,400), and Newark-Union, N.J.-Pa.
(-1,300). (See table 4.)
The largest over-the-year percentage increase in employment among the metropolitan divisions was
posted in Dallas-Plano-Irving, Texas (+2.7 percent), followed by Haverhill-North Andover-Amesbury,
Mass.-N.H. (+2.1 percent), and Bethesda-Rockville-Frederick, Md., and Fort Worth-Arlington, Texas
(+1.9 percent each). The largest over-the-year percentage decrease in employment among the metropolitan divisions was reported in Camden, N.J. (-0.9 percent), followed by Oakland-Fremont-Hayward,
Calif. (-0.8 percent), and Newark-Union, N.J.-Pa. (-0.1 percent).

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____________
The Regional and State Employment and Unemployment news release for April is scheduled to be
released on Friday, May 20, 2011, at 10:00 a.m. (EDT). The Metropolitan Area Employment and
Unemployment news release for April is scheduled to be released on Wednesday, June 1, 2011, at
10:00 a.m. (EDT).

Upcoming Changes to Current Employment Statistics Data
With the release of preliminary April 2011 estimates in May 2011, state and area nonfarm
employment estimates will incorporate net business birth/death adjustment factors estimated on
a quarterly basis, replacing the current practice of estimating the factors annually. This will
allow the state and area nonfarm employment estimates to incorporate information from the
Quarterly Census of Employment and Wages into the net birth/death adjustment factors as soon
as it becomes available and thereby improve the factors.

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Technical Note
This release presents labor force and unemployment
data from the Local Area Unemployment Statistics (LAUS)
program (tables 1 and 2) for 372 metropolitan statistical areas
and metropolitan New England City and Town Areas
(NECTAs), plus 8 areas in Puerto Rico. Estimates for 34
metropolitan and NECTA divisions also are presented.
Nonfarm payroll employment estimates from the Current
Employment Statistics (CES) program (tables 3 and 4) are
provided for most of the same areas. State estimates were
previously published in the news release, Regional and State
Employment and Unemployment, and are republished in this
release for ease of reference. The LAUS and CES programs
are both federal-state cooperative endeavors.

Labor force and unemployment—from the LAUS
program
Definitions. The labor force and unemployment data
are based on the same concepts and definitions as those used
for the official national estimates obtained from the Current
Population Survey (CPS), a sample survey of households that
is conducted for the Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS) by the
U.S. Census Bureau.
The LAUS program measures
employment and unemployment on a place-of-residence
basis. The universe for each is the civilian noninstitutional
population 16 years of age and over. Employed persons are
those who did any work at all for pay or profit in the
reference week (the week including the 12th of the month) or
worked 15 hours or more without pay in a family business or
farm, plus those not working who had a job from which they
were temporarily absent, whether or not paid, for such
reasons as labor-management dispute, illness, or vacation.
Unemployed persons are those who were not employed
during the reference week (based on the definition above),
had actively looked for a job sometime in the 4-week period
ending with the reference week, and were currently available
for work; persons on layoff expecting recall need not be
looking for work to be counted as unemployed. The labor
force is the sum of employed and unemployed persons. The
unemployment rate is the number of unemployed as a percent
of the labor force.
Method of estimation. Estimates for states, the District
of Columbia, the Los Angeles-Long Beach-Glendale
metropolitan division, and New York City are produced using
time-series models with real-time benchmarking to national
CPS totals. Model-based estimation was extended to the
following areas and their respective balances of state in 2005:
the Chicago-Joliet-Naperville, IL Metropolitan Division;
Cleveland-Elyria-Mentor, OH Metropolitan Statistical Area;
Detroit-Warren-Livonia, MI Metropolitan Statistical Area;
Miami-Miami Beach-Kendall, FL Metropolitan Division;
New Orleans-Metairie-Kenner, LA Metropolitan Statistical
Area; and Seattle-Bellevue-Everett, WA Metropolitan
Division. (Model-based estimation of the New OrleansMetairie-Kenner metropolitan area was suspended following

Hurricane Katrina; the indirect estimation methods described
below will be used for this area until further notice.)
Modeling improves the statistical basis of the estimation for
these areas and provides important tools for analysis, such as
measures of errors and seasonally adjusted series. For all
other substate areas in this release, estimates are prepared
through indirect estimation procedures using a building-block
approach. Employment estimates, which are based largely on
“place of work” estimates from the CES program, are
adjusted to refer to place of residence as used in the CPS.
Unemployment estimates are aggregates of persons
previously employed in industries covered by state
unemployment insurance (UI) laws and entrants to the labor
force data from the CPS. The substate estimates of
employment and unemployment, which geographically
exhaust the entire state, are adjusted proportionally to ensure
that they add to the independently estimated state or balanceof-state totals. A detailed description of the estimation
procedures is available from BLS upon request.
Annual revisions. Labor force and unemployment data
shown for the prior year reflect adjustments made at the end
of each year, usually implemented with January estimates.
The adjusted model-based estimates reflect updated
population data from the U.S. Census Bureau, any revisions
in the other data sources, and model reestimation. All
substate estimates are reestimated and adjusted to add to the
revised model-based estimates.

Employment—from the CES program
Definitions. Employment data refer to persons on
establishment payrolls who receive pay for any part of the
pay period that includes the 12th of the month. Persons are
counted at their place of work rather than at their place of
residence; those appearing on more than one payroll are
counted on each payroll. Industries are classified on the basis
of their principal activity in accordance with the 2007 version
of the North American Industry Classification System.
Method of estimation. The employment data are
estimated using a “link relative” technique in which a ratio
(link relative) of current-month employment to that of the
previous month is computed from a sample of establishments
reporting for both months. The estimates of employment for
the current month are obtained by multiplying the estimates
for the previous month by these ratios. Small-domain models
are used as the official estimators for the approximately 39
percent of CES published series which have insufficient
sample for direct sample-based estimates.
Annual revisions. Employment estimates are adjusted
annually to a complete count of jobs, called benchmarks,
derived principally from tax reports that are submitted by
employers who are covered under state unemployment
insurance (UI) laws. The benchmark information is used to

adjust the monthly estimates between the new benchmark and
the preceding one and also to establish the level of
employment for the new benchmark month. Thus, the
benchmarking process establishes the level of employment,
and the sample is used to measure the month-to-month
changes in the level for the subsequent months.

Reliability of the estimates
The estimates presented in this release are based on
sample surveys, administrative data, and modeling and, thus,
are subject to sampling and other types of errors. Sampling
error is a measure of sampling variability—that is, variation
that occurs by chance because a sample rather than the entire
population is surveyed. Survey data also are subject to
nonsampling errors, such as those which can be introduced
into the data collection and processing operations. Estimates
not directly derived from sample surveys are subject to
additional errors resulting from the particular estimation
processes used. The sums of individual items may not
always equal the totals shown in the same tables because of
rounding.
Unemployment rates are computed from
unrounded data and thus may differ slightly from rates
computed using the rounded data displayed in the tables.
Labor force and unemployment estimates. Modelbased error measures are available for states on the Internet at
www.bls.gov/lau/lastderr.htm. Measures of nonsampling
error are not available, but additional information on the
subject is provided in Employment and Earnings Online at
www.bls.gov/opub/ee/home.htm.
Employment estimates. Measures of sampling error
for state CES data at the supersector level and for metro-

politan area CES data at the total nonfarm level are available
online at www.bls.gov/sae/790stderr.htm. Information on
recent benchmark revisions for states is available on the BLS
Web site at www.bls.gov/sae/.

Area definitions
The substate area data published in this release reflect
the standards and definitions established by the U.S. Office of
Management and Budget on December 1, 2009. Data reflect
New England City and Town Area (NECTA) definitions,
rather than county-based definitions, in the six New England
States. A detailed list of the geographic definitions is
available at www.bls.gov/lau/lausmsa.htm.

Additional information
More complete information on the technical procedures
used to develop these estimates and additional data appear in
Employment and Earnings Online.
Estimates of unadjusted and seasonally adjusted labor
force and unemployment data for states, census regions and
divisions, and seven substate areas are available in the news
release, Regional and State Employment and Unemployment.
Estimates of labor force and unemployment for all states,
metropolitan areas, labor market areas, counties, cities with a
population of 25,000 or more, and other areas used in the
administration of various federal economic assistance programs are available on the Internet at www.bls.gov/lau/.
Employment data from the CES program are available on the
BLS Web site at www.bls.gov/sae/.
Information in this release will be made available to
sensory impaired individuals upon request. Voice phone:
(202) 691-5200; Federal Relay Service: (800) 877-8339.

LABOR FORCE DATA
NOT SEASONALLY ADJUSTED

LABOR FORCE DATA
NOT SEASONALLY ADJUSTED

Table 1. Civilian labor force and unemployment by state and metropolitan area
(Numbers in thousands)
Unemployed
Civilian labor force
Number

Percent of labor force

State and area
February

February

March

March

2010

2011p

191.4
4.7
5.0
43.5
6.5
5.2
5.7
4.0
15.7
18.8
14.9
8.2

10.6
10.6
9.1
9.8
12.1
9.9
10.6
10.8
8.3
11.2
10.0
9.4

9.6
9.6
7.9
9.0
9.7
9.0
9.3
9.8
7.9
10.6
9.4
8.7

10.1
10.3
8.8
9.5
10.8
9.2
9.7
10.3
7.9
10.8
9.5
9.1

9.0
8.9
7.6
8.4
9.1
8.3
8.2
9.1
7.5
10.0
8.9
8.3

33.0
16.5
3.8

29.9
14.6
3.4

9.5
8.5
8.5

8.4
7.3
7.4

9.2
8.4
8.2

8.3
7.3
7.3

301.1
6.8
10.1
188.1
10.1
42.7
18.8

318.9
7.3
10.6
202.2
10.7
45.0
17.9

297.3
6.6
10.1
185.4
10.0
41.9
19.5

10.3
10.2
11.7
9.7
11.0
9.3
20.0

9.5
8.8
11.1
8.8
10.4
8.7
21.4

10.1
9.9
11.4
9.5
10.9
9.2
20.4

9.3
8.5
10.9
8.7
10.2
8.5
21.7

118.8
16.4
12.3
3.8
4.8
26.4
4.6

113.8
15.3
12.2
3.7
4.7
24.7
4.5

110.9
15.2
11.6
3.5
4.5
24.9
4.4

108.7
14.2
11.3
3.6
4.4
23.8
4.4

8.9
7.3
9.2
9.0
8.4
7.8
10.5

8.4
6.7
9.1
8.8
7.9
7.1
10.4

8.3
6.8
8.6
8.4
7.8
7.3
10.0

8.0
6.2
8.4
8.3
7.6
6.8
10.1

18,023.1
358.4
103.9
80.3
432.7
60.4
6,420.9
65.2
106.6
235.9
72.0
428.1
82.1
1,753.0
1,021.0
208.8
1,563.0
2,212.6
898.6
137.4
218.7
147.2
255.2
295.1
211.2
204.2
69.9

2,327.0
63.8
15.6
21.0
81.0
11.3
760.2
11.3
23.5
44.8
7.8
47.6
15.0
260.4
135.3
37.0
165.7
236.9
107.5
14.1
21.9
22.5
28.2
55.0
26.8
38.8
15.3

2,210.3
61.2
14.8
20.7
79.1
10.8
736.1
10.9
22.7
42.7
7.4
44.7
13.7
242.5
128.6
35.0
157.5
218.2
94.6
13.3
20.9
21.5
25.9
53.8
25.6
37.6
14.7

2,334.5
64.8
15.4
20.3
80.1
11.3
762.9
11.5
23.1
44.4
7.9
47.5
14.7
261.5
135.5
34.8
168.6
240.6
108.0
14.5
22.2
22.3
28.3
54.5
26.9
38.9
15.2

2,221.2
62.9
15.0
19.8
79.6
11.1
732.8
11.2
22.8
43.5
7.4
44.6
14.0
243.6
129.7
34.4
159.0
221.3
95.5
13.6
21.0
21.7
26.5
54.3
26.0
38.3
15.1

12.8
17.5
14.8
25.1
18.6
18.5
11.8
16.6
21.8
18.9
10.5
11.0
17.7
14.6
12.9
17.6
10.6
10.6
11.9
10.3
10.1
15.5
11.1
18.4
12.5
18.8
21.7

12.2
17.0
14.2
25.5
18.1
17.9
11.4
16.4
21.2
18.1
10.3
10.5
16.6
13.9
12.6
16.8
10.1
9.9
10.5
9.8
9.6
14.6
10.2
18.1
12.1
18.0
21.3

12.8
17.8
14.6
24.5
18.4
18.5
11.8
17.5
21.3
18.7
10.6
10.9
17.3
14.6
12.9
16.6
10.8
10.7
11.9
10.5
10.1
15.2
11.2
18.1
12.5
19.1
21.4

12.3
17.5
14.4
24.6
18.4
18.4
11.4
17.2
21.4
18.4
10.3
10.4
17.1
13.9
12.7
16.5
10.2
10.0
10.6
9.9
9.6
14.7
10.4
18.4
12.3
18.7
21.6

2,691.4
174.0
311.8
1,383.4
174.1
79.5
119.4
75.3

2,672.4
172.8
306.4
1,373.5
175.1
77.6
118.8
74.7

253.4
13.1
31.3
130.5
14.4
9.4
13.2
7.9

259.5
12.9
32.3
133.5
14.5
9.0
13.3
8.7

259.8
13.0
32.1
134.2
14.4
9.6
13.5
8.2

247.2
12.0
31.0
127.6
13.5
8.7
12.6
8.3

9.4
7.5
10.1
9.5
8.2
11.8
11.1
10.6

9.7
7.5
10.5
9.8
8.3
11.6
11.2
11.5

9.7
7.5
10.3
9.7
8.3
12.1
11.3
10.9

9.2
6.9
10.1
9.3
7.7
11.2
10.6
11.2

1,880.1
475.7
91.1
598.1
314.5
149.9
101.9

1,886.6
475.3
91.1
600.9
314.7
152.4
102.1

1,886.2
478.5
90.9
601.1
314.1
149.6
102.3

185.2
42.7
7.7
59.8
30.9
14.3
13.7

180.9
43.0
7.3
57.6
31.3
14.4
12.9

178.0
41.2
7.4
57.8
29.9
13.8
13.0

174.9
41.5
7.0
56.0
30.3
13.8
12.5

9.9
9.0
8.5
10.0
9.8
9.4
13.4

9.6
9.0
8.1
9.6
10.0
9.6
12.6

9.4
8.7
8.2
9.6
9.5
9.1
12.7

9.3
8.7
7.7
9.3
9.6
9.2
12.2

423.1
72.5

428.6
73.2

425.3
72.8

40.2
6.9

37.9
6.5

38.1
6.2

35.2
6.0

9.4
9.4

9.0
8.9

8.9
8.5

8.3
8.2

2010

Alabama ...............................................................
Anniston-Oxford ................................................
Auburn-Opelika .................................................
Birmingham-Hoover ..........................................
Decatur .............................................................
Dothan ..............................................................
Florence-Muscle Shoals ...................................
Gadsden ...........................................................
Huntsville ..........................................................
Mobile ...............................................................
Montgomery ......................................................
Tuscaloosa .......................................................

2,131.8
53.0
64.6
519.0
71.3
63.2
68.1
44.4
206.9
185.3
168.8
98.0

2,112.9
52.4
65.0
513.5
70.7
62.1
68.1
44.3
207.0
186.7
166.3
98.5

2,134.8
53.1
64.9
517.9
71.1
63.8
68.2
44.5
207.4
185.6
168.9
98.6

2,130.9
52.9
65.5
516.9
71.4
62.3
69.4
44.4
208.6
188.2
167.2
99.7

226.7
5.6
5.9
51.1
8.6
6.2
7.2
4.8
17.3
20.8
16.8
9.2

203.7
5.0
5.1
46.4
6.9
5.6
6.3
4.3
16.4
19.9
15.6
8.6

215.5
5.5
5.7
49.1
7.7
5.9
6.6
4.6
16.5
20.1
16.0
8.9

Alaska ..................................................................
Anchorage ........................................................
Fairbanks ..........................................................

358.5
198.1
46.2

360.1
198.8
46.3

358.4
197.4
46.2

361.1
198.9
46.2

34.2
16.8
3.9

30.2
14.5
3.4

Arizona ................................................................
Flagstaff ............................................................
Lake Havasu City-Kingman ..............................
Phoenix-Mesa-Glendale ...................................
Prescott ............................................................
Tucson ..............................................................
Yuma ................................................................

3,166.7
74.8
92.4
2,120.9
98.3
494.3
87.1

3,164.7
76.5
91.5
2,127.4
96.9
488.1
88.2

3,168.2
74.4
93.1
2,126.3
97.9
490.7
87.6

3,181.7
77.6
92.2
2,135.1
98.6
491.4
89.5

325.5
7.6
10.8
206.7
10.9
46.1
17.4

Arkansas .............................................................
Fayetteville-Springdale-Rogers ........................
Fort Smith .........................................................
Hot Springs .......................................................
Jonesboro .........................................................
Little Rock-North Little Rock-Conway ...............
Pine Bluff ..........................................................

1,341.2
223.8
134.2
42.0
57.2
338.7
44.1

1,357.6
228.9
135.1
42.5
58.9
346.6
43.4

1,343.5
223.8
134.3
42.0
57.1
338.9
44.1

1,367.4
230.4
134.9
44.0
58.4
348.8
43.9

California .............................................................
Bakersfield-Delano ...........................................
Chico ................................................................
El Centro ...........................................................
Fresno ..............................................................
Hanford-Corcoran .............................................
Los Angeles-Long Beach-Santa Ana ...............
Madera-Chowchilla ...........................................
Merced ..............................................................
Modesto ............................................................
Napa .................................................................
Oxnard-Thousand Oaks-Ventura .....................
Redding ............................................................
Riverside-San Bernardino-Ontario ...................
Sacramento—Arden-Arcade—Roseville ..........
Salinas ..............................................................
San Diego-Carlsbad-San Marcos .....................
San Francisco-Oakland-Fremont .....................
San Jose-Sunnyvale-Santa Clara ....................
San Luis Obispo-Paso Robles ..........................
Santa Barbara-Santa Maria-Goleta ..................
Santa Cruz-Watsonville ....................................
Santa Rosa-Petaluma ......................................
Stockton ............................................................
Vallejo-Fairfield .................................................
Visalia-Porterville ..............................................
Yuba City ..........................................................

18,187.8
365.2
105.2
83.6
435.2
61.2
6,459.3
68.2
108.1
237.2
74.5
432.8
84.8
1,779.8
1,050.6
210.5
1,556.0
2,242.5
901.7
136.7
217.4
145.1
253.2
299.8
215.2
206.2
70.4

18,043.5
360.0
104.1
81.3
435.6
60.5
6,452.6
66.3
107.0
236.5
71.8
426.5
82.5
1,748.3
1,020.3
208.0
1,554.6
2,209.9
898.1
135.5
217.3
147.6
253.5
296.2
211.3
208.4
69.3

18,222.3
364.3
105.4
82.8
434.5
61.3
6,466.6
65.7
108.5
237.3
74.4
435.0
84.5
1,788.0
1,053.1
209.9
1,560.9
2,249.0
905.2
137.7
219.0
146.4
253.8
301.2
215.6
203.2
70.8

Colorado ..............................................................
Boulder .............................................................
Colorado Springs ..............................................
Denver-Aurora-Broomfield ................................
Fort Collins-Loveland ........................................
Grand Junction .................................................
Greeley .............................................................
Pueblo ..............................................................

2,685.5
174.3
310.0
1,377.3
174.5
79.2
119.0
74.9

2,670.7
172.5
307.2
1,369.5
174.1
77.9
118.8
75.1

Connecticut .........................................................
Bridgeport-Stamford-Norwalk ...........................
Danbury ............................................................
Hartford-West Hartford-East Hartford ...............
New Haven .......................................................
Norwich-New London .......................................
Waterbury .........................................................

1,879.6
472.4
90.3
597.9
315.1
151.8
102.2

Delaware ..............................................................
Dover ................................................................

428.1
72.9

2010

2011

2010

2011p

March

2011

2011

See footnotes at end of table.

February
2010

2010

2011p

LABOR FORCE DATA
NOT SEASONALLY ADJUSTED

LABOR FORCE DATA
NOT SEASONALLY ADJUSTED

Table 1. Civilian labor force and unemployment by state and metropolitan area—Continued
(Numbers in thousands)
Unemployed
Civilian labor force
Number

Percent of labor force

State and area
February

February

March

March

2010

2011p

33.2
178.2

10.6
6.8

9.4
5.9

10.1
6.6

10.0
5.8

1,032.9
35.3
7.7
29.6
11.1
76.0
33.3
313.4
16.7
36.7
18.7
125.7
30.3
5.1
8.8
21.7
24.3
8.6
8.1
15.8
155.2

979.1
31.0
7.3
27.8
10.4
69.1
31.0
314.6
14.9
32.6
16.6
116.6
29.2
4.8
9.2
20.8
22.6
7.6
7.6
15.1
142.7

11.4
12.7
8.6
11.8
8.3
11.3
12.3
10.8
11.5
12.3
14.1
11.6
11.6
15.6
10.8
10.8
13.0
12.5
13.1
8.5
12.1

11.0
11.7
8.2
11.5
7.8
10.6
11.8
10.9
10.7
11.4
13.2
10.8
11.5
14.9
11.3
10.3
12.4
11.6
12.9
8.2
11.5

11.3
12.5
8.1
11.7
8.0
11.2
12.1
11.0
11.4
12.1
13.9
11.3
11.4
15.3
9.8
10.4
12.8
12.2
12.8
8.2
11.9

10.6
11.2
7.5
10.9
7.5
10.2
11.3
10.9
10.2
10.8
12.5
10.4
11.1
14.5
10.3
9.9
11.9
11.0
12.2
7.8
11.0

475.1
8.0
8.0
269.3
22.8
5.3
12.4
7.6
7.9
2.9
11.5
5.1
15.9
6.0
5.5

477.1
8.2
8.2
269.7
23.2
5.0
12.4
7.6
8.2
2.8
11.4
5.2
15.1
5.8
5.4

458.9
7.8
7.8
260.3
21.8
5.1
11.8
7.1
7.6
2.8
11.2
4.9
15.0
5.7
5.3

10.5
11.2
8.3
10.5
9.3
10.2
10.0
12.4
9.7
8.8
10.6
10.6
9.0
9.1
7.8

10.2
10.6
7.6
10.2
8.8
10.4
9.6
12.2
8.9
8.8
10.2
10.7
9.1
9.1
7.7

10.1
10.8
7.8
10.1
8.8
9.8
9.6
12.2
9.2
8.5
10.2
10.7
8.6
8.7
7.5

9.8
10.1
7.3
9.8
8.4
9.8
9.2
11.5
8.5
8.6
10.0
10.2
8.6
8.6
7.4

42.1
24.8

40.0
23.5

42.4
24.6

39.1
22.5

6.7
5.7

6.3
5.3

6.7
5.6

6.1
5.1

760.0
296.2
72.2
62.0
29.1
44.0

75.5
29.4
8.9
4.7
2.7
3.9

80.7
31.0
9.6
5.3
2.6
4.3

74.7
29.0
8.7
4.7
2.5
3.8

78.9
29.9
9.1
5.2
2.4
4.1

10.0
10.0
12.6
7.7
9.1
9.0

10.7
10.5
13.2
8.5
9.0
9.8

9.9
9.8
12.4
7.6
8.4
8.8

10.4
10.1
12.6
8.4
8.3
9.4

6,625.7
92.3
123.1
4,863.8
37.2
201.6
54.5
56.5
199.5
172.6
115.7

6,573.1
92.7
121.4
4,813.3
36.7
202.6
54.4
56.3
203.1
167.6
116.2

781.0
8.4
12.9
554.5
5.5
20.7
7.6
9.0
25.6
30.7
11.2

615.9
6.9
10.1
440.8
4.1
16.9
6.0
7.4
19.2
22.6
9.4

757.0
7.6
11.4
547.0
4.9
19.3
7.2
8.5
23.8
29.6
10.3

599.0
6.4
9.5
429.1
3.9
16.5
5.8
7.2
18.5
22.3
8.8

11.8
9.1
10.5
11.4
14.7
10.3
14.0
15.8
12.9
17.8
9.7

9.4
7.4
8.3
9.2
11.2
8.4
11.2
13.1
9.7
13.6
8.1

11.4
8.2
9.2
11.2
13.2
9.6
13.2
15.0
11.9
17.2
8.9

9.1
6.9
7.8
8.9
10.6
8.1
10.7
12.7
9.1
13.3
7.6

3,136.6
61.5
97.0
37.5
89.7
181.6
205.5
882.5
41.8
96.2
50.9
54.6
151.9
80.2

3,102.4
60.7
96.6
37.7
89.3
181.0
203.5
876.3
42.5
97.5
50.1
52.9
151.0
78.2

361.2
7.8
8.3
4.0
14.5
17.3
24.4
88.2
6.0
9.9
7.3
6.8
19.4
9.9

288.3
6.6
7.4
3.1
10.3
14.4
18.9
74.2
4.5
7.2
5.6
5.2
15.2
8.4

356.1
7.8
8.2
4.0
14.0
16.8
24.4
88.9
6.0
9.7
7.2
6.7
19.3
9.7

272.6
6.2
6.6
2.9
9.8
13.6
18.0
71.1
4.3
6.9
5.3
4.9
14.8
7.8

11.6
12.8
8.5
10.8
16.3
9.6
11.9
10.1
14.4
10.2
14.3
12.5
12.8
12.4

9.4
11.0
7.6
8.2
11.6
8.0
9.3
8.6
10.7
7.5
11.2
10.0
10.2
10.7

11.4
12.6
8.4
10.7
15.6
9.2
11.9
10.1
14.3
10.0
14.1
12.3
12.7
12.1

8.8
10.3
6.8
7.6
11.0
7.5
8.8
8.1
10.2
7.1
10.6
9.3
9.8
10.0

2010

District of Columbia ...........................................
Washington-Arlington-Alexandria .....................

332.9
3,039.2

334.7
3,053.5

334.1
3,055.6

333.2
3,073.1

35.1
207.3

31.5
179.3

33.9
201.0

Florida ..................................................................
Cape Coral-Fort Myers .....................................
Crestview-Fort Walton Beach-Destin ...............
Deltona-Daytona Beach-Ormond Beach ..........
Gainesville ........................................................
Jacksonville ......................................................
Lakeland-Winter Haven ....................................
Miami-Fort Lauderdale-Pompano Beach ..........
Naples-Marco Island .........................................
North Port-Bradenton-Sarasota ........................
Ocala ................................................................
Orlando-Kissimmee-Sanford ............................
Palm Bay-Melbourne-Titusville .........................
Palm Coast .......................................................
Panama City-Lynn Haven-Panama City Beach
Pensacola-Ferry Pass-Brent ............................
Port St. Lucie ....................................................
Punta Gorda .....................................................
Sebastian-Vero Beach ......................................
Tallahassee ......................................................
Tampa-St. Petersburg-Clearwater ....................

9,112.0
279.4
93.5
253.4
138.6
676.7
273.0
2,828.5
146.8
302.3
134.7
1,100.3
265.6
33.1
87.1
206.8
188.6
70.2
62.4
192.4
1,290.5

9,176.5
275.3
94.0
252.5
139.1
678.3
274.4
2,878.8
144.4
299.8
132.3
1,120.4
262.6
33.1
89.1
210.0
189.0
68.7
61.7
192.7
1,289.9

9,166.0
282.0
95.4
254.1
138.3
680.4
274.7
2,839.1
147.2
303.8
135.0
1,109.1
266.4
33.4
89.3
208.4
189.8
70.8
63.1
191.9
1,301.3

9,206.8
276.9
96.4
254.9
138.5
679.9
274.7
2,883.4
145.7
301.6
133.2
1,124.5
263.6
32.9
89.5
211.0
189.5
69.4
62.8
193.2
1,293.4

1,035.4
35.6
8.0
29.9
11.6
76.1
33.7
306.1
16.8
37.3
18.9
127.2
30.8
5.2
9.4
22.3
24.5
8.8
8.2
16.3
156.6

1,007.4
32.3
7.7
29.0
10.9
72.2
32.3
314.9
15.5
34.1
17.4
121.2
30.1
4.9
10.1
21.7
23.5
8.0
7.9
15.8
148.2

Georgia ................................................................
Albany ...............................................................
Athens-Clarke County ......................................
Atlanta-Sandy Springs-Marietta ........................
Augusta-Richmond County ...............................
Brunswick .........................................................
Columbus .........................................................
Dalton ...............................................................
Gainesville ........................................................
Hinesville-Fort Stewart .....................................
Macon ...............................................................
Rome ................................................................
Savannah .........................................................
Valdosta ............................................................
Warner Robins ..................................................

4,705.1
75.5
105.0
2,670.7
261.3
51.2
129.2
62.5
88.7
33.3
112.0
48.4
175.0
66.3
71.4

4,667.4
75.1
105.3
2,648.4
258.3
50.9
129.0
62.5
89.3
32.7
112.4
47.8
175.3
66.0
71.6

4,705.5
75.7
104.6
2,669.8
262.3
51.3
129.3
62.7
88.8
33.3
112.2
48.7
174.9
66.4
71.6

4,677.3
77.1
105.9
2,650.9
259.2
52.0
128.5
62.2
89.3
32.9
112.2
48.0
174.7
66.1
71.4

495.4
8.5
8.7
280.3
24.4
5.2
12.9
7.7
8.6
2.9
11.9
5.2
15.8
6.1
5.5

Hawaii ..................................................................
Honolulu ...........................................................

627.9
438.2

632.7
444.2

629.7
439.1

636.3
446.1

Idaho ....................................................................
Boise City-Nampa .............................................
Coeur d’Alene ...................................................
Idaho Falls ........................................................
Lewiston ...........................................................
Pocatello ...........................................................

751.9
294.9
70.3
61.2
29.5
43.5

757.5
295.0
72.7
62.2
29.2
44.1

753.9
295.1
70.4
61.1
30.0
43.7

Illinois ..................................................................
Bloomington-Normal .........................................
Champaign-Urbana ..........................................
Chicago-Joliet-Naperville ..................................
Danville .............................................................
Davenport-Moline-Rock Island .........................
Decatur .............................................................
Kankakee-Bradley ............................................
Peoria ...............................................................
Rockford ...........................................................
Springfield .........................................................

6,600.4
92.5
122.5
4,844.5
37.4
201.0
54.3
56.7
199.5
172.1
114.7

6,532.6
92.1
121.0
4,793.7
36.3
200.9
53.8
56.2
198.9
165.9
114.8

Indiana .................................................................
Anderson ..........................................................
Bloomington ......................................................
Columbus .........................................................
Elkhart-Goshen .................................................
Evansville .........................................................
Fort Wayne .......................................................
Indianapolis-Carmel ..........................................
Kokomo ............................................................
Lafayette ...........................................................
Michigan City-La Porte .....................................
Muncie ..............................................................
South Bend-Mishawaka ....................................
Terre Haute ......................................................

3,119.6
61.2
97.5
37.4
89.1
180.1
204.1
875.2
41.4
97.1
50.7
54.6
151.4
80.2

3,083.5
60.1
97.1
37.1
88.4
179.5
202.0
867.0
42.3
96.1
49.9
52.4
149.6
78.4

2010

2011

2010

2011p

March

2011

2011

See footnotes at end of table.

February
2010

2010

2011p

LABOR FORCE DATA
NOT SEASONALLY ADJUSTED

LABOR FORCE DATA
NOT SEASONALLY ADJUSTED

Table 1. Civilian labor force and unemployment by state and metropolitan area—Continued
(Numbers in thousands)
Unemployed
Civilian labor force
Number

Percent of labor force

State and area
February

February

March

March

2010

2011p

112.7
2.3
10.1
20.9
3.5
4.3
5.0
6.1

6.8
4.9
6.7
6.4
7.0
4.6
6.4
6.3

6.8
4.7
6.7
6.6
6.7
4.6
6.4
6.4

6.7
4.8
6.6
6.4
6.8
4.6
6.2
6.2

6.7
4.8
6.8
6.6
6.6
4.7
6.4
6.3

113.0
4.0
3.8
9.2
27.9

107.0
4.0
3.8
9.2
26.2

7.5
6.2
5.8
7.5
8.9

7.2
6.5
5.9
7.8
8.4

7.5
6.3
5.9
7.4
8.9

7.1
6.3
5.7
7.5
8.3

233.2
6.5
5.8
22.5
69.8
5.8

233.7
6.5
5.8
21.7
69.9
5.7

215.1
5.9
5.2
20.5
65.3
5.2

12.1
10.7
11.4
9.4
12.4
11.0

11.2
10.0
10.1
9.2
11.0
10.0

11.3
10.1
10.5
9.1
11.0
9.9

10.2
9.1
9.0
8.4
10.2
8.8

139.4
4.4
24.4
5.1
7.4
6.0
5.9
35.2
12.1

162.6
5.2
30.0
6.0
8.4
6.8
6.7
41.8
13.1

139.5
4.4
24.8
5.1
7.4
6.0
5.8
35.6
11.5

164.6
5.3
30.7
6.0
8.4
6.8
6.8
42.5
13.2

6.9
6.5
6.6
5.0
5.6
6.3
7.2
6.6
6.7

8.0
7.6
8.0
5.8
6.3
7.3
8.4
7.8
7.2

6.8
6.5
6.6
5.0
5.5
6.3
7.1
6.6
6.3

8.0
7.7
8.2
5.8
6.3
7.2
8.4
7.9
7.2

688.0
70.9
57.1
200.3

65.9
6.3
5.4
15.7

58.4
5.6
4.7
13.6

63.4
6.1
5.2
15.1

58.6
5.7
4.8
13.7

9.6
8.8
9.4
7.9

8.5
7.9
8.1
6.8

9.2
8.6
9.0
7.6

8.5
8.0
8.5
6.8

2,970.7
1,392.6
49.5
118.9
62.3

2,985.7
1,391.0
49.5
118.5
64.4

244.0
119.5
5.3
13.4
6.6

214.2
105.2
4.7
12.3
5.9

229.6
111.5
4.8
12.7
6.0

208.7
103.0
4.4
11.8
5.6

8.3
8.6
10.7
11.3
10.7

7.3
7.7
9.6
10.4
9.5

7.7
8.0
9.6
10.7
9.7

7.0
7.4
8.9
10.0
8.7

3,474.7
128.2
2,536.3
73.8
88.4
39.2
349.9
295.7

3,476.2
127.2
2,540.3
73.3
86.8
38.9
350.1
296.1

3,487.2
129.2
2,545.2
74.0
88.3
39.2
350.3
296.6

323.6
15.1
211.4
8.7
12.3
3.7
36.0
28.8

300.3
14.5
190.8
8.3
11.8
3.5
34.6
26.5

317.2
14.5
206.0
8.6
11.8
3.7
35.0
28.4

286.9
13.6
179.5
8.1
11.1
3.4
33.0
25.5

9.3
11.9
8.4
11.9
14.1
9.4
10.4
9.8

8.6
11.3
7.5
11.3
13.4
9.0
9.9
9.0

9.1
11.4
8.1
11.7
13.6
9.5
10.0
9.6

8.2
10.5
7.1
10.9
12.6
8.7
9.4
8.6

4,781.2
182.0
66.5
53.1
2,073.0
192.5
384.6
128.1
73.8
167.9
242.1
71.0
84.2
74.6
91.5

4,702.3
182.4
66.6
53.1
2,008.9
188.3
387.2
127.7
72.5
168.3
245.1
70.3
82.0
76.0
91.7

4,800.2
182.5
67.0
53.2
2,080.4
192.9
385.9
128.8
73.7
168.5
242.5
72.1
84.0
75.3
92.0

4,726.6
183.2
67.3
53.4
2,027.5
188.1
386.0
128.5
72.6
168.7
246.5
70.7
83.2
76.3
91.7

676.6
15.4
8.0
7.1
314.4
29.3
45.4
16.5
10.5
19.8
26.2
10.2
13.1
10.5
12.1

517.0
11.9
6.2
5.7
237.6
22.2
34.6
11.8
7.8
15.8
20.3
7.4
9.3
8.4
9.6

683.1
16.3
8.3
7.3
315.1
29.4
46.2
16.6
10.6
20.3
26.9
10.7
13.0
10.6
12.3

522.0
12.9
6.3
5.8
238.8
22.3
35.3
12.0
7.9
16.1
21.2
7.7
9.3
8.4
9.7

14.2
8.5
12.0
13.4
15.2
15.2
11.8
12.8
14.2
11.8
10.8
14.3
15.5
14.1
13.3

11.0
6.5
9.4
10.7
11.8
11.8
8.9
9.3
10.8
9.4
8.3
10.5
11.3
11.1
10.4

14.2
8.9
12.3
13.6
15.1
15.2
12.0
12.9
14.3
12.1
11.1
14.8
15.5
14.1
13.4

11.0
7.1
9.4
10.8
11.8
11.8
9.1
9.3
10.8
9.5
8.6
10.9
11.1
11.0
10.6

2,933.5
147.3
58.2
1,827.0
104.6
108.0

2,945.9
147.4
59.0
1,838.5
105.8
110.7

2,954.7
147.8
58.7
1,837.1
105.3
109.2

2,951.1
147.7
59.0
1,840.5
105.5
110.9

251.3
14.1
4.0
148.9
7.6
9.8

217.5
12.1
3.4
126.7
6.5
8.5

253.7
14.1
4.1
151.1
7.7
10.0

214.8
12.0
3.3
125.2
6.4
8.3

8.6
9.6
6.9
8.1
7.2
9.0

7.4
8.2
5.7
6.9
6.2
7.7

8.6
9.5
7.1
8.2
7.3
9.2

7.3
8.1
5.7
6.8
6.1
7.5

2010

Iowa ......................................................................
Ames ................................................................
Cedar Rapids ....................................................
Des Moines-West Des Moines .........................
Dubuque ...........................................................
Iowa City ...........................................................
Sioux City .........................................................
Waterloo-Cedar Falls ........................................

1,657.4
49.3
146.3
314.1
52.8
91.7
78.1
94.4

1,671.7
49.2
147.8
314.4
54.5
92.0
77.3
95.5

1,660.6
48.9
146.6
313.6
52.6
92.0
78.6
94.5

1,678.1
48.9
148.6
314.6
54.1
93.1
77.8
95.9

113.3
2.4
9.8
20.2
3.7
4.3
5.0
6.0

113.0
2.3
9.9
20.8
3.7
4.2
4.9
6.1

110.4
2.4
9.6
20.1
3.6
4.2
4.9
5.8

Kansas .................................................................
Lawrence ..........................................................
Manhattan .........................................................
Topeka ..............................................................
Wichita ..............................................................

1,496.9
63.6
65.2
124.3
313.7

1,501.5
64.1
65.9
124.5
315.3

1,499.9
63.9
65.3
124.0
313.4

1,500.0
63.2
65.6
123.4
314.5

111.8
3.9
3.8
9.4
27.9

108.0
4.1
3.9
9.7
26.5

Kentucky .............................................................
Bowling Green ..................................................
Elizabethtown ...................................................
Lexington-Fayette .............................................
Louisville-Jefferson County ..............................
Owensboro .......................................................

2,070.9
64.3
55.5
239.1
633.1
57.7

2,089.6
64.7
57.7
243.7
636.7
58.4

2,075.6
64.3
55.4
239.4
634.1
57.6

2,103.3
65.0
58.0
245.0
641.8
58.5

250.5
6.9
6.3
22.5
78.5
6.4

Louisiana .............................................................
Alexandria .........................................................
Baton Rouge .....................................................
Houma-Bayou Cane-Thibodaux .......................
Lafayette ...........................................................
Lake Charles ....................................................
Monroe .............................................................
New Orleans-Metairie-Kenner ..........................
Shreveport-Bossier City ....................................

2,034.2
67.4
372.2
100.4
133.3
94.3
80.8
532.5
180.9

2,043.9
67.5
372.5
103.1
134.3
93.4
80.1
535.9
181.7

2,055.3
68.2
375.5
101.6
134.3
94.6
81.9
537.5
182.4

2,053.0
68.6
373.5
103.1
133.2
94.3
80.8
539.2
183.1

Maine ...................................................................
Bangor ..............................................................
Lewiston-Auburn ...............................................
Portland-South Portland-Biddeford ...................

688.8
71.5
57.5
199.2

688.1
71.1
57.7
200.3

690.6
71.4
57.8
199.8

Maryland ..............................................................
Baltimore-Towson .............................................
Cumberland ......................................................
Hagerstown-Martinsburg ..................................
Salisbury ...........................................................

2,954.4
1,384.6
49.4
118.6
61.6

2,947.5
1,374.1
49.5
118.1
62.7

Massachusetts ....................................................
Barnstable Town ...............................................
Boston-Cambridge-Quincy ...............................
Leominster-Fitchburg-Gardner .........................
New Bedford .....................................................
Pittsfield ............................................................
Springfield .........................................................
Worcester .........................................................

3,464.0
126.8
2,532.2
73.2
86.9
38.8
348.0
295.5

Michigan ..............................................................
Ann Arbor .........................................................
Battle Creek ......................................................
Bay City ............................................................
Detroit-Warren-Livonia .....................................
Flint ...................................................................
Grand Rapids-Wyoming ...................................
Holland-Grand Haven .......................................
Jackson ............................................................
Kalamazoo-Portage ..........................................
Lansing-East Lansing .......................................
Monroe .............................................................
Muskegon-Norton Shores .................................
Niles-Benton Harbor .........................................
Saginaw-Saginaw Township North ...................
Minnesota ............................................................
Duluth ...............................................................
Mankato-North Mankato ...................................
Minneapolis-St. Paul-Bloomington ...................
Rochester .........................................................
St. Cloud ...........................................................

2010

2011

2010

2011p

March

2011

2011

See footnotes at end of table.

February
2010

2010

2011p

LABOR FORCE DATA
NOT SEASONALLY ADJUSTED

LABOR FORCE DATA
NOT SEASONALLY ADJUSTED

Table 1. Civilian labor force and unemployment by state and metropolitan area—Continued
(Numbers in thousands)
Unemployed
Civilian labor force
Number

Percent of labor force

State and area
February

February

March

March

February
2011

2010

2011p

136.1
10.8
6.3
21.8
7.9

11.3
9.6
9.2
9.0
10.4

10.6
9.4
9.2
8.5
10.7

10.8
9.2
8.7
8.6
10.0

10.2
9.3
9.1
8.2
10.5

307.8
4.0
6.6
6.2
7.7
100.0
6.5
154.2
20.9

276.9
3.8
6.0
5.7
7.1
91.7
5.8
134.0
18.4

10.5
8.7
6.8
8.2
8.9
9.7
9.7
11.1
9.5

9.9
8.5
6.5
7.9
8.5
9.2
9.0
9.9
8.9

10.2
8.5
6.9
7.9
9.0
9.7
9.6
10.8
9.5

9.2
8.1
6.2
7.4
7.9
8.9
8.5
9.3
8.5

40.5
5.2
2.9
4.7

39.5
5.1
2.6
4.6

40.1
5.2
2.9
4.6

8.1
6.2
6.9
8.0

8.2
6.0
7.1
8.3

8.0
5.9
6.4
8.0

8.1
5.9
6.9
8.0

53.1
8.3
26.3

46.1
7.0
23.8

52.1
8.2
25.8

44.5
6.9
22.9

5.5
5.0
5.9

4.7
4.2
5.4

5.3
4.9
5.8

4.5
4.1
5.1

1,326.2
28.1
953.4
217.9

205.6
4.3
149.5
33.2

178.4
3.8
129.9
28.7

202.6
4.2
147.5
32.6

175.6
3.7
127.1
28.6

15.1
14.9
15.2
14.8

13.6
13.5
13.7
13.2

14.9
14.6
15.1
14.5

13.2
13.2
13.3
13.1

742.8
108.1
44.2
84.3

740.3
108.1
44.4
85.1

53.8
8.0
2.9
6.3

43.5
6.2
2.3
5.0

51.5
7.6
2.7
6.1

38.7
5.5
2.1
4.6

7.3
7.4
6.6
7.5

5.9
5.7
5.2
5.9

6.9
7.1
6.1
7.2

5.2
5.1
4.8
5.4

4,483.1
135.1
52.8
203.5
70.8

4,519.9
135.6
51.9
205.7
71.7

4,491.6
134.1
52.9
202.5
71.6

466.3
19.3
9.5
16.9
10.8

444.0
18.8
9.1
16.6
10.3

458.0
18.4
8.7
17.1
10.4

429.6
18.1
8.4
16.0
9.9

10.3
14.3
18.3
8.2
15.2

9.9
13.9
17.1
8.2
14.6

10.1
13.5
16.8
8.3
14.6

9.6
13.5
15.9
7.9
13.8

944.6
405.2
56.2
92.6
76.8

951.5
406.8
56.5
94.2
77.4

946.0
405.3
56.4
93.2
76.4

939.2
400.9
55.9
93.0
77.1

79.8
34.7
5.6
7.7
5.6

84.2
37.1
5.4
8.5
5.8

79.6
34.7
5.6
7.7
5.5

69.6
30.9
4.4
7.0
4.7

8.5
8.6
9.9
8.3
7.3

8.8
9.1
9.5
9.0
7.5

8.4
8.6
9.8
8.3
7.2

7.4
7.7
8.0
7.5
6.1

New York .............................................................
Albany-Schenectady-Troy ................................
Binghamton ......................................................
Buffalo-Niagara Falls ........................................
Elmira ...............................................................
Glens Falls ........................................................
Ithaca ................................................................
Kingston ............................................................
New York-Northern New Jersey-Long Island ...
New York City ................................................
Poughkeepsie-Newburgh-Middletown ..............
Rochester .........................................................
Syracuse ...........................................................
Utica-Rome .......................................................

9,635.3
450.5
122.1
577.1
40.7
66.8
58.3
88.3
9,486.5
4,029.6
320.4
527.0
326.1
140.2

9,556.1
440.7
120.2
571.2
40.3
66.1
58.1
88.1
9,425.3
4,001.2
315.6
525.0
324.2
139.0

9,641.0
449.4
121.7
577.6
40.6
66.3
57.9
88.8
9,504.9
4,034.6
320.2
526.3
324.8
139.8

9,523.4
440.0
119.7
569.3
40.1
66.0
57.3
87.1
9,418.1
3,985.8
315.4
521.7
321.5
137.1

911.6
36.6
12.1
55.0
4.0
6.8
3.7
8.0
917.5
410.9
28.6
47.9
30.8
12.8

828.3
34.2
10.9
49.8
3.4
6.3
3.4
7.7
842.4
365.9
26.4
43.5
28.9
12.6

877.5
34.7
11.5
52.9
3.8
6.5
3.4
7.6
893.8
402.2
27.0
45.6
29.7
12.2

762.0
31.8
10.1
46.3
3.2
5.9
3.1
7.1
788.0
334.8
24.4
40.2
26.6
11.8

9.5
8.1
9.9
9.5
9.7
10.2
6.3
9.1
9.7
10.2
8.9
9.1
9.4
9.1

8.7
7.8
9.0
8.7
8.5
9.5
5.9
8.8
8.9
9.1
8.4
8.3
8.9
9.1

9.1
7.7
9.5
9.2
9.3
9.9
5.9
8.6
9.4
10.0
8.4
8.7
9.1
8.7

8.0
7.2
8.4
8.1
8.0
9.0
5.4
8.1
8.4
8.4
7.7
7.7
8.3
8.6

North Carolina .....................................................
Asheville ...........................................................
Burlington .........................................................
Charlotte-Gastonia-Rock Hill ............................
Durham-Chapel Hill ..........................................
Fayetteville .......................................................
Goldsboro .........................................................
Greensboro-High Point .....................................
Greenville .........................................................
Hickory-Lenoir-Morganton ................................
Jacksonville ......................................................
Raleigh-Cary .....................................................
Rocky Mount .....................................................
Wilmington ........................................................
Winston-Salem .................................................

4,525.0
207.4
70.4
865.4
262.8
157.1
53.4
364.6
91.5
171.8
66.0
558.1
70.8
176.9
239.3

4,438.3
204.3
68.4
847.2
259.7
155.8
51.9
354.3
89.1
164.3
64.6
558.9
69.5
173.1
232.7

4,547.6
208.5
70.6
872.0
264.0
158.4
53.6
366.3
92.1
172.3
66.3
561.7
71.4
177.8
239.8

4,474.0
204.4
69.2
851.6
261.6
156.9
52.8
358.0
90.3
164.0
65.1
562.7
69.7
176.1
233.8

548.3
21.2
9.4
111.5
22.7
15.6
5.3
45.8
9.8
27.1
6.1
54.9
10.6
21.0
27.2

449.7
17.6
7.1
92.5
19.3
14.7
4.4
37.4
8.8
20.4
5.7
45.3
8.9
17.9
22.7

522.9
20.2
8.9
108.5
21.8
15.1
5.1
44.0
9.9
25.7
5.8
52.8
10.2
19.8
25.8

434.1
16.7
6.8
88.4
18.6
14.3
4.4
36.3
8.7
19.4
5.4
43.5
8.7
17.1
21.9

12.1
10.2
13.3
12.9
8.6
9.9
9.9
12.6
10.7
15.8
9.2
9.8
15.0
11.9
11.4

10.1
8.6
10.4
10.9
7.4
9.4
8.6
10.6
9.8
12.4
8.8
8.1
12.9
10.4
9.8

11.5
9.7
12.5
12.4
8.3
9.5
9.4
12.0
10.7
14.9
8.8
9.4
14.2
11.2
10.8

9.7
8.1
9.9
10.4
7.1
9.1
8.2
10.1
9.6
11.9
8.4
7.7
12.5
9.7
9.4

2011

2010

Mississippi ..........................................................
Gulfport-Biloxi ...................................................
Hattiesburg .......................................................
Jackson ............................................................
Pascagoula .......................................................

1,306.2
113.5
67.0
262.7
72.3

1,333.7
117.0
69.3
268.3
75.4

1,306.8
113.6
66.5
262.3
72.6

1,330.1
117.1
68.8
267.8
75.3

148.2
10.8
6.2
23.7
7.5

141.2
10.9
6.4
22.8
8.1

141.6
10.4
5.8
22.4
7.3

Missouri ...............................................................
Cape Girardeau-Jackson ..................................
Columbia ..........................................................
Jefferson City ....................................................
Joplin ................................................................
Kansas City ......................................................
St. Joseph .........................................................
St. Louis1 ..........................................................
Springfield .........................................................

3,013.2
47.3
94.1
77.5
85.0
1,033.8
67.5
1,429.3
218.9

3,009.0
47.0
95.9
78.7
87.4
1,031.6
68.2
1,427.5
219.5

3,023.1
47.5
95.4
77.9
85.5
1,035.3
68.0
1,432.4
220.3

3,011.3
47.0
96.4
77.9
89.8
1,034.1
68.5
1,434.8
217.1

315.7
4.1
6.4
6.4
7.5
99.9
6.5
158.1
20.8

299.1
4.0
6.3
6.2
7.4
94.9
6.1
141.3
19.6

Montana ...............................................................
Billings ..............................................................
Great Falls ........................................................
Missoula ...........................................................

491.6
85.7
40.2
58.3

493.3
86.2
40.9
56.4

494.9
86.3
41.0
58.2

497.5
87.0
41.3
57.3

40.0
5.3
2.8
4.7

Nebraska .............................................................
Lincoln ..............................................................
Omaha-Council Bluffs .......................................

973.3
167.0
443.6

976.2
166.1
442.3

977.1
167.4
444.9

984.0
168.2
445.3

Nevada .................................................................
Carson City .......................................................
Las Vegas-Paradise .........................................
Reno-Sparks .....................................................

1,362.7
28.9
981.4
224.2

1,315.8
27.9
945.4
217.3

1,357.4
28.7
976.6
224.4

New Hampshire ...................................................
Manchester .......................................................
Portsmouth .......................................................
Rochester-Dover ..............................................

741.5
107.6
44.1
84.1

742.2
108.5
44.5
84.9

New Jersey ..........................................................
Atlantic City-Hammonton ..................................
Ocean City ........................................................
Trenton-Ewing ..................................................
Vineland-Millville-Bridgeton ..............................

4,511.6
134.9
51.7
205.0
70.9

New Mexico .........................................................
Albuquerque .....................................................
Farmington .......................................................
Las Cruces .......................................................
Santa Fe ...........................................................

See footnotes at end of table.

2010

2011

2010

2011p

March

2010

2010

2011p

LABOR FORCE DATA
NOT SEASONALLY ADJUSTED

LABOR FORCE DATA
NOT SEASONALLY ADJUSTED

Table 1. Civilian labor force and unemployment by state and metropolitan area—Continued
(Numbers in thousands)
Unemployed
Civilian labor force
Number

Percent of labor force

State and area
February
2010

2011

February

March
2010

2011p

2010

March

2011

2010

February

2011p

March

2010

2011

2010

2011p

North Dakota .......................................................
Bismarck ...........................................................
Fargo ................................................................
Grand Forks ......................................................

363.8
61.5
119.4
54.7

366.8
61.2
118.2
54.6

365.9
61.5
119.9
55.0

368.5
60.9
118.1
54.5

17.8
3.2
5.7
2.8

16.2
2.8
5.5
2.9

18.3
3.2
6.1
3.0

15.6
2.5
5.3
2.9

4.9
5.2
4.8
5.1

4.4
4.6
4.7
5.4

5.0
5.2
5.1
5.4

4.2
4.2
4.5
5.3

Ohio .....................................................................
Akron ................................................................
Canton-Massillon ..............................................
Cincinnati-Middletown ......................................
Cleveland-Elyria-Mentor ...................................
Columbus .........................................................
Dayton ..............................................................
Lima ..................................................................
Mansfield ..........................................................
Sandusky ..........................................................
Springfield .........................................................
Steubenville-Weirton ........................................
Toledo ...............................................................
Youngstown-Warren-Boardman .......................

5,851.3
381.3
202.8
1,107.4
1,061.9
956.1
416.9
50.7
60.0
40.2
69.3
57.4
325.2
272.4

5,836.7
378.9
199.5
1,107.2
1,076.0
955.7
409.6
50.8
59.3
41.8
69.5
55.6
326.8
269.1

5,868.7
382.9
203.4
1,113.7
1,062.2
959.1
418.5
51.1
59.6
40.4
69.7
57.0
326.4
272.6

5,839.5
380.5
200.3
1,113.8
1,072.2
959.1
411.2
50.7
58.4
41.8
70.1
55.7
326.5
270.0

670.1
42.7
26.7
118.8
107.9
90.4
50.2
6.1
8.1
5.4
8.2
8.4
42.5
36.0

574.1
36.5
21.7
107.4
98.0
78.8
42.0
5.3
6.9
4.4
7.0
7.5
35.6
29.0

645.9
41.9
26.1
115.8
100.8
89.4
48.9
5.9
7.8
5.1
7.9
8.0
40.7
36.4

526.4
33.9
20.1
99.2
88.5
73.0
38.6
4.9
6.4
4.0
6.4
6.9
32.9
26.7

11.5
11.2
13.2
10.7
10.2
9.5
12.0
12.0
13.5
13.5
11.8
14.6
13.1
13.2

9.8
9.6
10.9
9.7
9.1
8.2
10.3
10.4
11.7
10.6
10.0
13.4
10.9
10.8

11.0
10.9
12.8
10.4
9.5
9.3
11.7
11.6
13.1
12.5
11.3
14.0
12.5
13.4

9.0
8.9
10.0
8.9
8.2
7.6
9.4
9.6
11.0
9.6
9.1
12.4
10.1
9.9

Oklahoma ............................................................
Lawton ..............................................................
Oklahoma City ..................................................
Tulsa .................................................................

1,749.0
48.0
565.9
438.7

1,727.2
47.4
562.5
434.3

1,750.8
48.4
566.4
439.1

1,725.7
47.4
562.1
431.2

139.6
3.1
41.8
39.0

119.5
3.2
35.1
33.8

129.4
2.9
38.6
36.6

98.9
2.7
29.0
28.2

8.0
6.5
7.4
8.9

6.9
6.7
6.2
7.8

7.4
6.0
6.8
8.3

5.7
5.6
5.2
6.5

Oregon .................................................................
Bend .................................................................
Corvallis ............................................................
Eugene-Springfield ...........................................
Medford ............................................................
Portland-Vancouver-Hillsboro ...........................
Salem ...............................................................

1,968.7
80.3
43.8
183.5
102.2
1,185.6
196.4

1,984.6
79.2
44.8
183.2
102.7
1,195.9
197.1

1,978.9
80.4
44.5
184.4
102.2
1,191.7
197.8

1,991.0
79.6
45.2
182.5
103.0
1,194.5
197.9

237.0
13.5
3.4
22.4
14.2
137.6
23.2

216.2
12.1
3.0
19.6
13.6
122.3
22.2

238.3
13.1
3.7
22.8
14.4
140.0
23.7

208.4
11.2
3.1
18.8
13.1
114.9
21.2

12.0
16.8
7.8
12.2
13.9
11.6
11.8

10.9
15.3
6.7
10.7
13.3
10.2
11.2

12.0
16.3
8.3
12.4
14.1
11.7
12.0

10.5
14.0
6.9
10.3
12.7
9.6
10.7

Pennsylvania .......................................................
Allentown-Bethlehem-Easton ...........................
Altoona .............................................................
Erie ...................................................................
Harrisburg-Carlisle ............................................
Johnstown ........................................................
Lancaster ..........................................................
Lebanon ............................................................
Philadelphia-Camden-Wilmington ....................
Pittsburgh .........................................................
Reading ............................................................
Scranton—Wilkes-Barre ...................................
State College ....................................................
Williamsport ......................................................
York-Hanover ...................................................

6,298.7
417.5
63.5
136.7
278.6
68.3
263.8
71.7
2,953.7
1,202.2
202.1
278.5
75.4
60.0
221.6

6,309.8
416.2
63.7
138.3
277.9
68.9
264.4
72.6
2,939.9
1,205.0
202.5
279.3
75.5
59.7
222.2

6,314.4
419.7
63.7
137.4
280.1
68.3
266.6
72.3
2,950.3
1,201.7
203.3
278.9
75.9
59.8
222.8

6,300.7
415.1
63.6
137.8
277.6
68.7
267.1
72.9
2,935.0
1,201.9
201.1
278.3
75.7
59.7
222.2

608.6
43.0
5.7
14.8
23.7
7.2
23.1
5.8
282.6
113.6
20.9
28.9
5.1
6.4
22.1

535.8
39.4
4.9
12.2
21.4
6.3
19.4
5.1
263.6
95.5
17.9
27.7
4.3
5.2
18.4

590.6
42.4
5.5
14.6
23.3
6.9
22.1
5.7
277.3
106.7
20.4
29.1
5.1
6.1
21.3

503.0
36.8
4.5
11.7
20.1
5.9
18.2
4.7
250.8
89.4
16.7
26.1
4.2
4.8
17.2

9.7
10.3
9.0
10.8
8.5
10.6
8.8
8.1
9.6
9.4
10.3
10.4
6.8
10.7
10.0

8.5
9.5
7.6
8.8
7.7
9.2
7.4
7.0
9.0
7.9
8.8
9.9
5.7
8.6
8.3

9.4
10.1
8.6
10.6
8.3
10.2
8.3
7.9
9.4
8.9
10.0
10.4
6.7
10.1
9.6

8.0
8.9
7.2
8.5
7.3
8.6
6.8
6.5
8.5
7.4
8.3
9.4
5.6
8.0
7.7

Rhode Island .......................................................
Providence-Fall River-Warwick ........................

571.2
709.7

568.1
707.4

571.2
711.4

566.3
707.7

72.2
91.8

67.2
85.5

71.1
91.1

64.8
84.4

12.6
12.9

11.8
12.1

12.4
12.8

11.5
11.9

South Carolina ....................................................
Anderson ..........................................................
Charleston-North Charleston-Summerville .......
Columbia ..........................................................
Florence ............................................................
Greenville-Mauldin-Easley ................................
Myrtle Beach-North Myrtle Beach-Conway ......
Spartanburg ......................................................
Sumter ..............................................................

2,151.6
85.9
318.2
372.4
95.5
313.5
125.9
135.6
45.4

2,132.8
85.8
317.9
365.4
94.0
311.6
127.7
134.6
45.0

2,158.6
85.3
320.0
372.7
94.9
313.9
128.0
135.2
45.3

2,136.5
85.6
319.5
366.9
93.3
311.6
130.5
134.3
45.4

261.5
11.6
32.1
36.2
12.0
33.4
18.6
17.0
5.7

220.5
8.4
26.8
31.0
10.4
26.4
16.5
13.6
4.9

247.3
10.2
30.1
34.6
11.2
31.3
16.9
16.0
5.4

204.5
7.7
25.5
29.5
9.8
24.9
14.5
12.8
4.7

12.2
13.4
10.1
9.7
12.5
10.7
14.7
12.6
12.6

10.3
9.8
8.4
8.5
11.1
8.5
12.9
10.1
10.9

11.5
11.9
9.4
9.3
11.8
10.0
13.2
11.8
12.0

9.6
9.0
8.0
8.0
10.5
8.0
11.1
9.5
10.3

South Dakota ......................................................
Rapid City .........................................................
Sioux Falls ........................................................

435.7
64.9
127.4

441.8
65.3
128.4

439.3
65.4
128.2

444.6
65.3
129.0

25.4
4.0
7.6

24.2
3.7
7.0

25.4
4.0
7.6

24.3
3.7
7.0

5.8
6.1
6.0

5.5
5.7
5.5

5.8
6.1
6.0

5.5
5.7
5.5

Tennessee ...........................................................
Chattanooga .....................................................
Clarksville .........................................................
Cleveland ..........................................................
Jackson ............................................................
Johnson City .....................................................

3,027.2
256.7
112.7
54.3
55.9
101.1

3,075.7
261.2
115.9
55.2
56.7
101.9

3,039.7
256.9
113.5
54.6
56.3
101.2

3,093.1
263.1
116.8
56.1
57.0
103.1

327.9
24.3
12.4
5.5
6.2
10.1

311.6
22.7
12.7
5.5
5.7
9.4

322.1
23.8
11.9
5.4
6.2
9.8

294.4
21.5
11.8
5.3
5.5
8.8

10.8
9.5
11.0
10.1
11.1
10.0

10.1
8.7
10.9
10.0
10.1
9.3

10.6
9.2
10.5
9.9
11.0
9.7

9.5
8.2
10.1
9.4
9.7
8.6

See footnotes at end of table.

LABOR FORCE DATA
NOT SEASONALLY ADJUSTED

LABOR FORCE DATA
NOT SEASONALLY ADJUSTED

Table 1. Civilian labor force and unemployment by state and metropolitan area—Continued
(Numbers in thousands)
Unemployed
Civilian labor force
Number

Percent of labor force

State and area
February
2010

2011

February

March
2010

2011p

2010

March

2011

2010

February

2011p

March

2010

2011

2010

2011p

Tennessee—Continued
Kingsport-Bristol-Bristol ....................................
Knoxville ...........................................................
Memphis ...........................................................
Morristown ........................................................
Nashville-Davidson—Murfreesboro—Franklin

146.9
359.9
608.1
63.5
803.1

146.7
367.9
608.9
63.7
824.8

147.5
359.4
608.9
63.9
805.4

148.3
370.6
611.2
64.4
826.8

14.6
32.2
64.5
8.5
75.6

12.7
29.9
63.3
7.6
72.5

14.1
31.5
63.3
8.4
75.0

12.0
27.9
60.7
7.2
69.0

9.9
8.9
10.6
13.4
9.4

8.7
8.1
10.4
12.0
8.8

9.6
8.8
10.4
13.2
9.3

8.1
7.5
9.9
11.1
8.3

Texas ...................................................................
Abilene ..............................................................
Amarillo .............................................................
Austin-Round Rock-San Marcos ......................
Beaumont-Port Arthur .......................................
Brownsville-Harlingen .......................................
College Station-Bryan .......................................
Corpus Christi ...................................................
Dallas-Fort Worth-Arlington ..............................
El Paso .............................................................
Houston-Sugar Land-Baytown .........................
Killeen-Temple-Fort Hood ................................
Laredo ..............................................................
Longview ..........................................................
Lubbock ............................................................
McAllen-Edinburg-Mission ................................
Midland .............................................................
Odessa .............................................................
San Angelo .......................................................
San Antonio-New Braunfels .............................
Sherman-Denison .............................................
Texarkana .........................................................
Tyler ..................................................................
Victoria ..............................................................
Waco ................................................................
Wichita Falls .....................................................

12,023.9
83.0
130.7
900.3
186.1
157.0
115.1
211.0
3,176.0
315.1
2,867.1
165.4
95.7
110.0
145.9
306.1
75.5
71.4
54.4
982.2
56.9
64.7
100.5
58.7
114.0
72.4

12,152.4
83.1
132.2
908.4
188.9
159.7
116.1
213.3
3,222.8
322.2
2,905.5
169.5
95.3
112.0
145.8
311.3
77.7
73.2
54.9
984.4
57.2
65.5
101.4
58.7
115.3
71.9

12,074.6
83.3
131.0
907.4
186.7
157.4
115.3
212.9
3,190.8
316.8
2,873.6
166.2
95.6
110.9
146.4
306.1
76.0
71.7
54.6
984.4
57.1
64.7
100.6
58.9
114.6
72.7

12,216.1
81.3
132.4
913.4
190.4
157.5
117.3
216.9
3,237.8
322.8
2,917.4
169.5
94.5
113.0
145.7
312.6
78.4
74.1
55.2
996.1
57.9
65.1
101.4
58.8
117.2
71.6

1,007.8
5.4
7.5
66.1
19.8
17.5
7.1
16.8
270.6
29.6
246.7
12.2
8.8
8.6
9.0
36.4
4.3
6.1
3.6
72.1
5.0
5.2
8.3
4.8
8.3
5.9

992.1
5.4
7.3
62.7
20.8
19.2
7.2
17.5
262.1
32.6
243.3
13.5
8.0
7.9
8.9
37.9
3.7
4.8
3.5
73.3
4.8
4.9
7.9
4.3
8.7
5.2

997.9
5.3
7.4
65.2
20.2
17.2
7.0
16.6
268.7
29.4
246.2
12.1
8.7
8.3
8.8
36.0
4.2
5.9
3.5
71.2
4.9
5.0
8.0
4.7
8.4
5.7

984.4
5.3
7.2
62.5
21.0
18.9
7.0
17.2
261.6
32.3
241.8
13.3
7.8
7.7
8.7
37.2
3.6
4.7
3.4
72.8
4.9
4.8
7.7
4.3
8.7
5.1

8.4
6.5
5.8
7.3
10.6
11.2
6.2
8.0
8.5
9.4
8.6
7.4
9.2
7.9
6.2
11.9
5.7
8.6
6.6
7.3
8.7
8.1
8.2
8.2
7.3
8.1

8.2
6.5
5.5
6.9
11.0
12.0
6.2
8.2
8.1
10.1
8.4
8.0
8.4
7.0
6.1
12.2
4.8
6.6
6.4
7.4
8.5
7.5
7.8
7.4
7.5
7.3

8.3
6.4
5.7
7.2
10.8
10.9
6.0
7.8
8.4
9.3
8.6
7.3
9.0
7.5
6.0
11.7
5.6
8.3
6.4
7.2
8.6
7.6
7.9
7.9
7.4
7.9

8.1
6.5
5.4
6.8
11.0
12.0
5.9
7.9
8.1
10.0
8.3
7.9
8.3
6.9
6.0
11.9
4.6
6.3
6.1
7.3
8.4
7.4
7.6
7.3
7.4
7.1

Utah ......................................................................
Logan ................................................................
Ogden-Clearfield ..............................................
Provo-Orem ......................................................
St. George ........................................................
Salt Lake City ...................................................

1,372.8
68.4
264.2
228.7
59.2
613.4

1,350.0
68.4
258.9
225.7
57.2
603.5

1,370.0
67.9
263.4
228.3
59.3
612.7

1,348.2
67.8
260.0
225.1
57.9
600.6

117.5
4.2
22.4
19.6
6.8
49.4

109.0
4.2
21.0
18.7
6.0
46.1

113.8
4.2
21.8
18.9
6.6
48.2

102.1
3.8
19.7
17.1
5.6
43.7

8.6
6.2
8.5
8.6
11.5
8.0

8.1
6.2
8.1
8.3
10.5
7.6

8.3
6.2
8.3
8.3
11.1
7.9

7.6
5.6
7.6
7.6
9.6
7.3

Vermont ...............................................................
Burlington-South Burlington ..............................

358.5
114.5

362.3
115.8

360.4
114.5

363.1
115.8

26.3
6.7

21.8
5.5

26.9
7.0

21.9
5.6

7.3
5.9

6.0
4.8

7.5
6.1

6.0
4.9

Virginia ................................................................
Blacksburg-Christiansburg-Radford .................
Charlottesville ...................................................
Danville .............................................................
Harrisonburg .....................................................
Lynchburg .........................................................
Richmond .........................................................
Roanoke ...........................................................
Virginia Beach-Norfolk-Newport News .............
Winchester ........................................................

4,174.3
81.9
108.9
52.5
67.0
123.3
654.9
158.4
822.5
64.7

4,163.7
79.9
108.6
52.1
66.7
123.9
648.6
155.7
811.1
64.9

4,189.6
81.9
108.6
52.3
66.8
124.0
656.4
158.6
824.6
65.1

4,193.0
79.2
110.2
52.8
68.0
127.6
652.5
156.1
818.9
65.6

321.7
7.5
7.0
6.7
5.0
10.7
55.6
13.1
65.5
5.8

273.8
5.7
5.7
5.3
4.0
9.0
47.5
11.0
59.1
4.9

310.8
7.7
6.8
6.4
4.8
10.3
53.5
12.5
63.4
5.3

265.4
5.7
5.7
5.1
4.2
8.8
46.0
10.6
57.6
4.5

7.7
9.1
6.4
12.8
7.5
8.7
8.5
8.3
8.0
9.0

6.6
7.2
5.3
10.1
6.1
7.2
7.3
7.1
7.3
7.5

7.4
9.3
6.3
12.2
7.1
8.3
8.1
7.9
7.7
8.2

6.3
7.2
5.2
9.7
6.2
6.9
7.0
6.8
7.0
6.9

Washington .........................................................
Bellingham ........................................................
Bremerton-Silverdale ........................................
Kennewick-Pasco-Richland ..............................
Longview ..........................................................
Mount Vernon-Anacortes ..................................
Olympia ............................................................
Seattle-Tacoma-Bellevue .................................
Spokane ...........................................................
Wenatchee-East Wenatchee ............................
Yakima ..............................................................

3,517.0
106.7
125.8
129.3
45.1
58.6
132.2
1,891.2
240.6
59.9
122.1

3,497.4
104.6
124.0
131.8
43.4
58.2
129.7
1,887.2
237.6
60.5
121.3

3,538.9
107.1
125.7
130.7
45.4
59.1
132.4
1,901.7
240.3
60.6
122.4

3,494.2
105.6
124.4
133.9
43.7
58.2
131.4
1,880.7
238.5
61.5
121.3

384.9
11.1
11.4
12.3
6.6
7.4
12.5
191.6
28.2
6.6
14.9

346.7
9.7
10.1
11.0
5.7
6.4
11.2
176.7
24.7
5.9
13.5

373.3
10.6
11.0
11.3
6.5
6.9
12.2
185.8
26.5
6.2
13.9

340.3
10.1
10.7
11.0
5.6
6.7
11.7
173.9
25.1
5.9
13.4

10.9
10.4
9.0
9.5
14.6
12.6
9.5
10.1
11.7
11.1
12.2

9.9
9.3
8.2
8.3
13.1
11.0
8.7
9.4
10.4
9.7
11.1

10.5
9.9
8.8
8.7
14.2
11.7
9.2
9.8
11.0
10.2
11.4

9.7
9.6
8.6
8.2
12.7
11.5
8.9
9.2
10.5
9.6
11.0

West Virginia .......................................................
Charleston ........................................................
Huntington-Ashland ..........................................
Morgantown ......................................................
Parkersburg-Marietta-Vienna ...........................
Wheeling ...........................................................

782.6
135.4
129.0
64.1
76.6
69.1

779.4
133.6
128.9
63.8
75.4
68.6

778.2
133.5
129.4
63.9
76.7
69.0

771.1
133.1
128.1
63.6
75.1
68.5

80.6
12.0
12.1
4.4
8.6
7.8

79.7
12.3
12.5
4.5
8.1
7.3

74.9
11.2
11.5
4.0
8.1
7.4

74.6
11.7
11.5
4.1
7.2
6.7

10.3
8.8
9.4
6.9
11.2
11.3

10.2
9.2
9.7
7.0
10.7
10.6

9.6
8.3
8.9
6.2
10.5
10.7

9.7
8.8
9.0
6.4
9.6
9.8

See footnotes at end of table.

LABOR FORCE DATA
NOT SEASONALLY ADJUSTED

LABOR FORCE DATA
NOT SEASONALLY ADJUSTED

Table 1. Civilian labor force and unemployment by state and metropolitan area—Continued
(Numbers in thousands)
Unemployed
Civilian labor force
Number

Percent of labor force

State and area
February

February

March

March

2010

2011p

247.3
9.1
6.7
4.3
13.1
8.0
5.1
19.5
64.9
6.5
9.4
5.2
5.9

10.3
9.5
9.1
10.8
9.5
13.4
8.1
7.1
10.2
8.7
12.1
10.6
11.2

8.5
7.9
7.7
8.3
8.0
10.7
7.0
6.0
8.4
7.3
10.0
8.6
8.5

10.1
9.5
8.8
10.3
9.3
13.1
8.0
7.2
10.2
8.6
11.9
10.6
10.9

8.1
7.3
7.3
7.7
7.6
10.2
6.6
5.7
8.1
6.9
9.7
8.2
8.2

23.7
3.3
3.7

19.5
2.8
3.2

8.2
8.2
8.6

7.0
7.1
7.7

8.0
7.9
8.5

6.7
6.7
7.3

207.4
18.4
4.9
6.0
6.0
14.2
7.8
131.3
7.2

213.6
19.1
5.2
6.0
6.3
14.7
8.1
134.9
7.3

15.8
17.0
18.5
22.6
16.8
15.8
15.6
14.9
19.1

16.0
16.9
20.6
22.1
17.3
16.0
15.2
15.1
19.1

15.9
17.0
18.4
22.6
16.8
15.9
15.8
15.1
19.6

16.8
17.6
21.0
23.3
18.2
16.8
15.8
16.0
20.2

2010

Wisconsin ............................................................
Appleton ...........................................................
Eau Claire .........................................................
Fond du Lac ......................................................
Green Bay ........................................................
Janesville ..........................................................
La Crosse .........................................................
Madison ............................................................
Milwaukee-Waukesha-West Allis .....................
Oshkosh-Neenah ..............................................
Racine ..............................................................
Sheboygan .......................................................
Wausau ............................................................

3,070.2
123.8
90.7
55.2
173.0
81.2
77.4
344.3
794.2
95.0
98.8
63.2
74.5

3,035.4
122.8
90.0
55.3
171.4
78.3
76.1
340.5
797.1
94.5
97.6
62.9
72.7

3,071.0
124.0
90.8
55.6
173.8
81.4
77.5
344.7
793.1
95.1
98.5
63.0
74.5

3,051.6
123.3
91.0
55.3
171.8
79.1
76.1
341.3
803.5
94.7
97.5
63.0
72.7

315.1
11.8
8.2
5.9
16.4
10.8
6.3
24.3
80.6
8.3
11.9
6.7
8.4

258.0
9.6
7.0
4.6
13.7
8.4
5.3
20.5
67.1
6.9
9.7
5.4
6.2

311.3
11.7
8.0
5.7
16.1
10.7
6.2
24.7
80.6
8.2
11.7
6.7
8.1

Wyoming .............................................................
Casper ..............................................................
Cheyenne .........................................................

292.7
40.9
43.6

288.8
40.2
43.1

294.3
41.1
43.6

291.6
40.9
43.6

24.1
3.4
3.7

20.1
2.9
3.3

Puerto Rico .........................................................
Aguadilla-Isabela-San Sebastian .....................
Fajardo .............................................................
Guayama ..........................................................
Mayaguez .........................................................
Ponce ...............................................................
San German-Cabo Rojo ...................................
San Juan-Caguas-Guaynabo ...........................
Yauco ...............................................................

1,301.2
108.5
26.6
26.6
35.0
88.8
49.8
870.7
37.1

1,269.1
108.5
24.5
25.9
34.6
87.3
50.5
842.3
36.2

1,301.3
108.3
26.8
26.6
35.4
89.3
49.7
870.4
36.9

1,270.8
108.8
25.0
25.6
34.5
87.2
51.3
843.8
36.3

205.1
18.4
4.9
6.0
5.9
14.0
7.8
129.5
7.1

202.5
18.3
5.1
5.7
6.0
14.0
7.7
127.4
6.9

1

Area boundaries do not reflect official OMB definitions.

p = preliminary.

NOTE: Data refer to place of residence. Data for Puerto Rico are derived from a
monthly household survey similar to the Current Population Survey. Area
definitions are based on Office of Management and Budget Bulletin No. 10-02,
dated December 1, 2009, and are available on the BLS Web site at
www.bls.gov/lau/lausmsa.htm. Areas in the six New England states are

2011

2010

2011p

March

2011

2011

2010

February
2010

2010

2011p

Metropolitan New England City and Town Areas (NECTAs), while areas in other
states are county-based. Some metropolitan areas lie in two or more states. They
are listed under the state that appears first in their titles. Davenport-Moline-Rock
Island, Iowa-Ill., is the exception in that it is listed under Illinois for operational
reasons. Data for 2010 have been revised to incorporate updated inputs and
adjustment to new state controls. Estimates for the latest month are subject to
revision the following month.

LABOR FORCE DATA
NOT SEASONALLY ADJUSTED

LABOR FORCE DATA
NOT SEASONALLY ADJUSTED

Table 2. Civilian labor force and unemployment by state, selected metropolitan area, and metropolitan division 1
(Numbers in thousands)
Unemployed
Civilian labor force
Number

Percent of labor force

State, area, and division
February
2010
California .............................................................. 18,187.8

March

February

March

February

March

2011

2010

2011p

2010

2011

2010

2011p

2010

2011

2010

2011p

Los Angeles-Long Beach-Santa Ana ...................
Los Angeles-Long Beach-Glendale ...................
Santa Ana-Anaheim-Irvine ................................
San Francisco-Oakland-Fremont .........................
Oakland-Fremont-Hayward ...............................
San Francisco-San Mateo-Redwood City .........

6,459.3
4,876.4
1,582.9
2,242.5
1,282.0
960.5

18,043.5
6,452.6
4,883.5
1,569.2
2,209.9
1,260.3
949.6

18,222.3
6,466.6
4,880.1
1,586.5
2,249.0
1,286.7
962.3

18,023.1
6,420.9
4,852.5
1,568.3
2,212.6
1,259.1
953.5

2,327.0
760.2
605.9
154.2
236.9
146.8
90.1

2,210.3
736.1
595.9
140.2
218.2
136.4
81.7

2,334.5
762.9
605.7
157.3
240.6
148.5
92.1

2,221.2
732.8
590.7
142.1
221.3
138.3
83.0

12.8
11.8
12.4
9.7
10.6
11.5
9.4

12.2
11.4
12.2
8.9
9.9
10.8
8.6

12.8
11.8
12.4
9.9
10.7
11.5
9.6

12.3
11.4
12.2
9.1
10.0
11.0
8.7

District of Columbia ..........................................

332.9
3,039.2
630.0
2,409.2

334.7
3,053.5
633.4
2,420.1

334.1
3,055.6
631.8
2,423.8

333.2
3,073.1
641.1
2,432.0

35.1
207.3
39.5
167.8

31.5
179.3
34.1
145.2

33.9
201.0
38.0
162.9

33.2
178.2
33.6
144.6

10.6
6.8
6.3
7.0

9.4
5.9
5.4
6.0

10.1
6.6
6.0
6.7

10.0
5.8
5.2
5.9

Florida ....................................................................

9,112.0
2,828.5

9,176.5
2,878.8

9,166.0
2,839.1

9,206.8
2,883.4

1,035.4
306.1

1,007.4
314.9

1,032.9
313.4

979.1
314.6

11.4
10.8

11.0
10.9

11.3
11.0

10.6
10.9

973.9
1,238.7
615.8

980.0
1,284.9
613.9

979.2
1,243.0
616.9

983.4
1,277.4
622.6

96.9
139.1
70.1

94.6
152.1
68.1

96.2
147.6
69.5

91.4
157.0
66.2

9.9
11.2
11.4

9.7
11.8
11.1

9.8
11.9
11.3

9.3
12.3
10.6

Illinois ....................................................................

6,600.4
4,844.5
4,079.1
320.9
444.4

6,532.6
4,793.7
4,042.3
315.4
436.0

6,625.7
4,863.8
4,096.8
322.3
444.7

6,573.1
4,813.3
4,055.0
317.8
440.4

781.0
554.5
458.5
38.0
58.0

615.9
440.8
363.7
30.8
46.4

757.0
547.0
454.3
37.5
55.2

599.0
429.1
354.5
29.2
45.3

11.8
11.4
11.2
11.8
13.1

9.4
9.2
9.0
9.8
10.6

11.4
11.2
11.1
11.6
12.4

9.1
8.9
8.7
9.2
10.3

Massachusetts ...................................................

3,464.0
2,532.2
1,533.1
128.2
148.2
123.3
72.4
155.5
178.0
129.7
63.9

3,474.7
2,536.3
1,534.5
128.9
147.6
124.0
74.3
154.9
178.4
129.3
64.3

3,476.2
2,540.3
1,537.7
128.7
148.5
124.0
72.6
156.1
178.5
129.9
64.1

3,487.2
2,545.2
1,539.2
129.5
148.2
125.0
74.4
155.7
179.0
129.7
64.6

323.6
211.4
120.0
13.5
10.9
11.1
9.5
14.9
13.3
11.7
6.6

300.3
190.8
108.8
12.8
9.5
9.7
9.4
13.2
10.8
10.5
6.1

317.2
206.0
116.7
13.3
10.5
10.7
9.4
14.6
12.8
11.4
6.5

286.9
179.5
101.8
12.3
8.9
9.1
9.2
12.7
9.8
10.0
5.8

9.3
8.4
7.8
10.6
7.3
9.0
13.2
9.6
7.5
9.0
10.3

8.6
7.5
7.1
9.9
6.4
7.8
12.7
8.5
6.1
8.1
9.4

9.1
8.1
7.6
10.3
7.1
8.7
12.9
9.4
7.2
8.8
10.1

8.2
7.1
6.6
9.5
6.0
7.3
12.4
8.2
5.5
7.7
8.9

Michigan ...............................................................

4,781.2
2,073.0
852.8
1,220.2

4,702.3
2,008.9
823.4
1,185.5

4,800.2
2,080.4
856.0
1,224.4

4,726.6
2,027.5
831.3
1,196.2

676.6
314.4
135.9
178.5

517.0
237.6
104.3
133.3

683.1
315.1
137.3
177.8

522.0
238.8
105.5
133.3

14.2
15.2
15.9
14.6

11.0
11.8
12.7
11.2

14.2
15.1
16.0
14.5

11.0
11.8
12.7
11.1

New York ..............................................................

9,635.3
9,486.5
1,198.7
1,457.3
5,737.4
1,093.1

9,556.1
9,425.3
1,192.3
1,452.0
5,694.8
1,086.2

9,641.0
9,504.9
1,202.3
1,464.1
5,744.8
1,093.6

9,523.4
9,418.1
1,195.4
1,452.5
5,682.5
1,087.8

911.6
917.5
116.4
121.1
570.3
109.8

828.3
842.4
109.7
112.5
514.4
105.8

877.5
893.8
114.1
113.5
557.4
108.7

762.0
788.0
105.5
103.1
476.6
102.8

9.5
9.7
9.7
8.3
9.9
10.0

8.7
8.9
9.2
7.7
9.0
9.7

9.1
9.4
9.5
7.8
9.7
9.9

8.0
8.4
8.8
7.1
8.4
9.4

Pennsylvania .......................................................

6,298.7
2,953.7
668.5
1,936.1
349.1

6,309.8
2,939.9
660.5
1,937.6
341.8

6,314.4
2,950.3
668.5
1,934.5
347.3

6,300.7
2,935.0
661.1
1,930.2
343.6

608.6
282.6
71.5
177.3
33.8

535.8
263.6
68.2
163.9
31.6

590.6
277.3
69.8
175.1
32.3

503.0
250.8
65.7
155.5
29.5

9.7
9.6
10.7
9.2
9.7

8.5
9.0
10.3
8.5
9.2

9.4
9.4
10.4
9.1
9.3

8.0
8.5
9.9
8.1
8.6

Texas ...................................................................... 12,023.9

Washington-Arlington-Alexandria 2 ......................
Bethesda-Rockville-Frederick 3 .........................
Washington-Arlington-Alexandria 2 ...................

Miami-Fort Lauderdale-Pompano Beach ..............
Fort Lauderdale-Pompano Beach-Deerfield
Beach .............................................................
Miami-Miami Beach-Kendall ..............................
West Palm Beach-Boca Raton-Boynton Beach

Chicago-Joliet-Naperville 2 ...................................
Chicago-Joliet-Naperville ...................................
Gary 3 ................................................................
Lake County-Kenosha County 2 ........................

Boston-Cambridge-Quincy 2 ................................
Boston-Cambridge-Quincy ................................
Brockton-Bridgewater-Easton ............................
Framingham ......................................................
Haverhill-North Andover-Amesbury 2 ................
Lawrence-Methuen-Salem 2 ..............................
Lowell-Billerica-Chelmsford 2 ............................
Nashua 2 ...........................................................
Peabody ............................................................
Taunton-Norton-Raynham .................................

Detroit-Warren-Livonia .........................................
Detroit-Livonia-Dearborn ...................................
Warren-Troy-Farmington Hills ...........................

New York-Northern New Jersey-Long Island 2 ....
Edison-New Brunswick 3 ...................................
Nassau-Suffolk ..................................................
New York-White Plains-Wayne 2 .......................
Newark-Union 3 .................................................

Philadelphia-Camden-Wilmington 2 .....................
Camden 3 ..........................................................
Philadelphia .......................................................
Wilmington 3 ......................................................

Dallas-Fort Worth-Arlington ..................................
Dallas-Plano-Irving ............................................
Fort Worth-Arlington ..........................................

3,176.0
2,117.5
1,058.5

12,152.4
3,222.8
2,157.7
1,065.1

12,074.6
3,190.8
2,128.2
1,062.6

12,216.1
3,237.8
2,160.8
1,077.1

1,007.8
270.6
180.7
90.0

992.1
262.1
176.0
86.0

997.9
268.7
179.6
89.2

984.4
261.6
175.5
86.1

8.4
8.5
8.5
8.5

8.2
8.1
8.2
8.1

8.3
8.4
8.4
8.4

8.1
8.1
8.1
8.0

Washington .........................................................

3,517.0
1,891.2
1,492.0
399.2

3,497.4
1,887.2
1,493.5
393.7

3,538.9
1,901.7
1,501.9
399.9

3,494.2
1,880.7
1,484.3
396.4

384.9
191.6
145.3
46.3

346.7
176.7
136.1
40.6

373.3
185.8
141.0
44.8

340.3
173.9
131.6
42.3

10.9
10.1
9.7
11.6

9.9
9.4
9.1
10.3

10.5
9.8
9.4
11.2

9.7
9.2
8.9
10.7

Seattle-Tacoma-Bellevue .....................................
Seattle-Bellevue-Everett ....................................
Tacoma ..............................................................

1 These 11 areas contain all of the 34 metropolitan divisions.
2

Part of the area (or division) is in one or more adjacent states.
All of the division is in one or more adjacent states.
p = preliminary.
NOTE: Data refer to place of residence. Area definitions are based on Office of
Management and Budget Bulletin No. 10-02, dated December 1, 2009, available at
www.bls.gov/lau/lausmsa.htm. Areas in the six New England states are Metropolitan
New England City and Town Areas (NECTAs), while areas in other states are
county-based. Some metropolitan areas lie in two or more states. They are listed
under the state that corresponds to the first city in their title. Metropolitan divisions
3

are listed under their metropolitan areas. Some divisions lie in more than one state,
and some, like Camden, N.J., are totally outside the states under which their
metropolitan areas are listed. Three sets of metropolitan areas and divisions have
similar or identical titles. For Washington-Arlington-Alexandria, D.C.-Va.-Md.-W.Va.,
the metropolitan area and division titles are identical. For the
Boston-Cambridge-Quincy, Mass.-N.H., and Chicago-Joliet-Naperville, Ill.-Ind.-Wis.,
metropolitan areas, the division titles are similar but include only Massachusetts and
Illinois, respectively. Data for 2010 have been revised to incorporate updated inputs
and adjustment to new state controls. Estimates for the latest month are subject to
revision the following month.

ESTABLISHMENT DATA
NOT SEASONALLY ADJUSTED

ESTABLISHMENT DATA
NOT SEASONALLY ADJUSTED

Table 3. Employees on nonfarm payrolls by state and metropolitan area
(Numbers in thousands)
February

Change from March 2010 to
March 2011 p

March

State and area
2010

2011

2010

2011p

Alabama .................................................................................
Anniston-Oxford ..................................................................
Auburn-Opelika ...................................................................
Birmingham-Hoover ............................................................
Decatur ...............................................................................
Dothan ................................................................................
Florence-Muscle Shoals .....................................................
Gadsden .............................................................................
Huntsville ............................................................................
Mobile .................................................................................
Montgomery ........................................................................
Tuscaloosa .........................................................................

1,844.6
48.4
51.6
485.8
52.1
56.5
53.6
35.2
206.0
171.4
167.2
92.5

1,855.2
48.6
52.8
484.3
53.2
56.0
54.6
35.2
206.4
173.7
165.8
93.5

1,860.7
48.9
52.0
487.2
52.8
57.3
54.4
35.3
207.6
172.4
168.6
93.2

Alaska ....................................................................................
Anchorage ..........................................................................
Fairbanks ............................................................................

307.2
165.8
36.7

315.5
167.3
37.1

Arizona ..................................................................................
Flagstaff ..............................................................................
Lake Havasu City-Kingman ................................................
Phoenix-Mesa-Glendale .....................................................
Prescott ..............................................................................
Tucson ................................................................................
Yuma ..................................................................................

2,381.3
59.3
45.8
1,686.9
54.6
357.1
51.5

Arkansas ...............................................................................
Fayetteville-Springdale-Rogers ..........................................
Fort Smith ...........................................................................
Hot Springs .........................................................................
Jonesboro ...........................................................................
Little Rock-North Little Rock-Conway .................................
Pine Bluff ............................................................................

Number

Percent

1,871.1
48.8
52.9
486.9
53.7
56.2
55.7
35.2
207.4
174.9
166.0
94.6

10.4
-.1
.9
-.3
.9
-1.1
1.3
-.1
-.2
2.5
-2.6
1.4

0.6
-.2
1.7
-.1
1.7
-1.9
2.4
-.3
-.1
1.5
-1.5
1.5

309.5
166.0
36.9

317.6
167.6
37.5

8.1
1.6
.6

2.6
1.0
1.6

2,388.0
61.4
45.5
1,698.4
54.0
353.3
50.1

2,392.9
59.2
46.5
1,696.9
54.9
356.3
51.6

2,397.9
62.3
45.9
1,705.3
54.6
354.8
50.2

5.0
3.1
-.6
8.4
-.3
-1.5
-1.4

.2
5.2
-1.3
.5
-.5
-.4
-2.7

1,137.6
196.3
115.7
36.7
47.9
330.8
37.0

1,159.5
200.6
116.0
36.9
49.3
337.3
36.0

1,154.0
198.6
117.1
37.4
48.5
334.8
37.5

1,171.4
202.6
116.7
38.2
48.9
338.7
36.3

17.4
4.0
-.4
.8
.4
3.9
-1.2

1.5
2.0
-.3
2.1
.8
1.2
-3.2

California ...............................................................................
Bakersfield-Delano .............................................................
Chico ..................................................................................
El Centro .............................................................................
Fresno ................................................................................
Hanford-Corcoran ...............................................................
Los Angeles-Long Beach-Santa Ana .................................
Madera-Chowchilla .............................................................
Merced ................................................................................
Modesto ..............................................................................
Napa ...................................................................................
Oxnard-Thousand Oaks-Ventura .......................................
Redding ..............................................................................
Riverside-San Bernardino-Ontario .....................................
Sacramento—Arden-Arcade—Roseville ............................
Salinas ................................................................................
San Diego-Carlsbad-San Marcos .......................................
San Francisco-Oakland-Fremont .......................................
San Jose-Sunnyvale-Santa Clara ......................................
San Luis Obispo-Paso Robles ............................................
Santa Barbara-Santa Maria-Goleta ....................................
Santa Cruz-Watsonville ......................................................
Santa Rosa-Petaluma ........................................................
Stockton ..............................................................................
Vallejo-Fairfield ...................................................................
Visalia-Porterville ................................................................
Yuba City ............................................................................

13,737.3
221.2
69.1
45.1
276.8
35.2
5,076.0
32.1
54.1
142.7
58.3
270.0
56.8
1,106.0
805.2
118.9
1,203.7
1,861.4
840.3
95.1
159.9
83.0
164.6
186.8
117.4
104.8
35.7

13,947.0
224.0
69.7
44.2
279.2
35.1
5,137.0
32.1
54.9
143.9
57.0
271.9
56.6
1,104.2
791.3
119.2
1,222.9
1,866.1
859.6
96.2
161.2
85.5
169.3
186.2
116.8
103.9
35.8

13,808.0
224.4
69.5
45.4
278.9
35.1
5,098.9
31.7
54.7
143.6
58.4
270.8
57.1
1,112.3
808.8
118.6
1,208.5
1,868.6
844.8
96.1
160.7
84.0
165.8
187.3
117.6
105.2
36.0

13,999.0
225.0
69.5
45.2
281.2
35.1
5,138.4
32.3
55.2
143.4
57.4
272.0
56.2
1,110.2
794.2
119.5
1,233.2
1,874.1
862.9
97.9
161.6
86.4
170.8
185.9
116.8
104.6
35.9

191.0
.6
.0
-.2
2.3
.0
39.5
.6
.5
-.2
-1.0
1.2
-.9
-2.1
-14.6
.9
24.7
5.5
18.1
1.8
.9
2.4
5.0
-1.4
-.8
-.6
-.1

1.4
.3
.0
-.4
.8
.0
.8
1.9
.9
-.1
-1.7
.4
-1.6
-.2
-1.8
.8
2.0
.3
2.1
1.9
.6
2.9
3.0
-.7
-.7
-.6
-.3

Colorado ................................................................................
Boulder ..............................................................................
Colorado Springs ................................................................
Denver-Aurora-Broomfield ..................................................
Fort Collins-Loveland ..........................................................
Grand Junction ...................................................................
Greeley ...............................................................................
Pueblo ................................................................................

2,188.6
157.4
241.9
1,167.2
129.8
58.0
76.8
57.1

2,204.2
158.8
242.1
1,176.0
131.9
57.7
77.4
57.3

2,201.2
157.8
243.1
1,174.6
130.5
58.1
77.4
57.4

2,215.2
159.2
243.4
1,184.6
133.4
58.1
78.0
57.3

14.0
1.4
.3
10.0
2.9
.0
.6
-.1

.6
.9
.1
.9
2.2
.0
.8
-.2

Connecticut ...........................................................................
Bridgeport-Stamford-Norwalk .............................................
Danbury ..............................................................................
Hartford-West Hartford-East Hartford .................................
New Haven .........................................................................
Norwich-New London .........................................................
Waterbury ...........................................................................

1,571.9
384.2
62.8
523.4
261.1
126.2
60.6

1,600.9
392.8
64.8
532.0
262.2
125.3
61.8

1,575.2
386.8
63.3
525.9
259.6
126.8
60.8

1,601.3
394.3
64.1
533.9
260.6
124.9
62.3

26.1
7.5
.8
8.0
1.0
-1.9
1.5

1.7
1.9
1.3
1.5
.4
-1.5
2.5

Delaware ................................................................................
Dover ..................................................................................

397.2
60.6

403.9
61.7

403.9
61.9

408.9
62.7

5.0
.8

1.2
1.3

District of Columbia .............................................................
Washington-Arlington-Alexandria .......................................

695.6
2,876.8

708.9
2,948.5

703.6
2,922.6

709.7
2,962.0

6.1
39.4

.9
1.3

See footnotes at end of table.

ESTABLISHMENT DATA
NOT SEASONALLY ADJUSTED

ESTABLISHMENT DATA
NOT SEASONALLY ADJUSTED

Table 3. Employees on nonfarm payrolls by state and metropolitan area—Continued
(Numbers in thousands)
February

Change from March 2010 to
March 2011 p

March

State and area
2010

2011

2010

2011p

Florida ....................................................................................
Cape Coral-Fort Myers .......................................................
Crestview-Fort Walton Beach-Destin .................................
Deltona-Daytona Beach-Ormond Beach ............................
Gainesville ..........................................................................
Jacksonville ........................................................................
Lakeland-Winter Haven ......................................................
Miami-Fort Lauderdale-Pompano Beach ............................
Naples-Marco Island ...........................................................
North Port-Bradenton-Sarasota ..........................................
Ocala ..................................................................................
Orlando-Kissimmee-Sanford ..............................................
Palm Bay-Melbourne-Titusville ...........................................
Palm Coast .........................................................................
Panama City-Lynn Haven-Panama City Beach ..................
Pensacola-Ferry Pass-Brent ..............................................
Port St. Lucie ......................................................................
Punta Gorda .......................................................................
Sebastian-Vero Beach ........................................................
Tallahassee ........................................................................
Tampa-St. Petersburg-Clearwater ......................................

7,167.4
199.0
75.5
156.9
127.6
576.6
194.7
2,185.1
112.3
239.7
91.1
991.0
193.8
18.1
70.2
155.6
120.1
41.0
44.0
170.8
1,114.6

7,215.6
196.3
76.0
156.2
128.5
580.4
194.6
2,198.5
111.6
240.6
90.0
1,013.6
191.4
18.2
71.3
158.7
121.1
40.8
43.0
170.9
1,117.7

7,214.5
201.1
77.1
157.5
127.7
579.8
196.0
2,192.9
112.7
241.7
91.4
998.6
195.2
18.2
72.6
157.3
121.6
41.7
44.4
170.5
1,123.3

Georgia ..................................................................................
Albany .................................................................................
Athens-Clarke County ........................................................
Atlanta-Sandy Springs-Marietta ..........................................
Augusta-Richmond County .................................................
Brunswick ...........................................................................
Columbus ...........................................................................
Dalton .................................................................................
Gainesville ..........................................................................
Hinesville-Fort Stewart .......................................................
Macon .................................................................................
Rome ..................................................................................
Savannah ...........................................................................
Valdosta ..............................................................................
Warner Robins ....................................................................

3,782.0
60.2
78.9
2,232.1
208.5
40.2
115.7
65.3
70.6
19.7
93.8
38.2
148.2
51.8
59.1

3,797.1
60.7
80.0
2,229.8
208.3
40.2
116.4
65.7
72.4
19.5
95.3
37.8
148.9
51.8
59.5

Hawaii ....................................................................................
Honolulu .............................................................................

584.6
433.3

Idaho ......................................................................................
Boise City-Nampa ...............................................................
Coeur d’Alene .....................................................................
Idaho Falls ..........................................................................
Lewiston .............................................................................
Pocatello .............................................................................

Number

Percent

7,258.8
198.1
78.1
157.6
127.3
580.8
195.6
2,212.5
113.1
241.5
90.7
1,019.0
191.4
18.0
71.8
158.8
120.7
41.0
44.5
170.6
1,122.5

44.3
-3.0
1.0
.1
-.4
1.0
-.4
19.6
.4
-.2
-.7
20.4
-3.8
-.2
-.8
1.5
-.9
-.7
.1
.1
-.8

0.6
-1.5
1.3
.1
-.3
.2
-.2
.9
.4
-.1
-.8
2.0
-1.9
-1.1
-1.1
1.0
-.7
-1.7
.2
.1
-.1

3,801.2
60.9
78.6
2,243.3
210.8
40.7
116.5
65.7
71.0
19.8
94.6
38.3
149.0
52.0
59.5

3,812.7
62.4
80.9
2,238.4
209.4
41.4
116.1
65.9
72.7
19.6
95.1
38.0
148.9
52.1
59.7

11.5
1.5
2.3
-4.9
-1.4
.7
-.4
.2
1.7
-.2
.5
-.3
-.1
.1
.2

.3
2.5
2.9
-.2
-.7
1.7
-.3
.3
2.4
-1.0
.5
-.8
-.1
.2
.3

594.3
442.4

588.4
435.3

595.8
442.9

7.4
7.6

1.3
1.7

587.3
249.8
50.3
47.2
25.6
35.4

593.1
247.7
51.7
47.4
25.3
35.6

591.9
251.3
50.8
47.5
26.3
36.0

597.2
250.3
52.0
47.2
25.6
35.5

5.3
-1.0
1.2
-.3
-.7
-.5

.9
-.4
2.4
-.6
-2.7
-1.4

Illinois ....................................................................................
Bloomington-Normal ...........................................................
Champaign-Urbana ............................................................
Chicago-Joliet-Naperville ....................................................
Danville ...............................................................................
Davenport-Moline-Rock Island ...........................................
Decatur ...............................................................................
Kankakee-Bradley ..............................................................
Peoria .................................................................................
Rockford .............................................................................
Springfield ...........................................................................

5,482.7
90.3
108.8
4,148.3
28.5
173.6
50.7
41.9
171.0
141.5
108.4

5,554.0
90.6
109.1
4,190.1
28.4
175.8
51.4
42.3
175.9
142.1
109.6

5,515.5
90.4
110.6
4,169.7
28.7
175.5
51.2
42.1
172.7
142.3
109.9

5,590.8
91.3
109.6
4,217.4
28.9
177.7
52.3
42.3
179.3
143.4
110.9

75.3
.9
-1.0
47.7
.2
2.2
1.1
.2
6.6
1.1
1.0

1.4
1.0
-.9
1.1
.7
1.3
2.1
.5
3.8
.8
.9

Indiana ...................................................................................
Anderson ............................................................................
Bloomington ........................................................................
Columbus ...........................................................................
Elkhart-Goshen ...................................................................
Evansville ...........................................................................
Fort Wayne .........................................................................
Indianapolis-Carmel ............................................................
Kokomo ..............................................................................
Lafayette .............................................................................
Michigan City-La Porte .......................................................
Muncie ................................................................................
South Bend-Mishawaka ......................................................
Terre Haute ........................................................................

2,723.2
39.7
82.2
41.0
99.4
168.8
195.2
848.6
38.1
91.3
40.9
49.0
129.2
71.0

2,750.1
39.8
82.4
42.0
104.1
170.6
198.8
854.5
40.8
92.8
41.8
48.3
130.5
69.6

2,755.0
40.3
81.9
41.5
101.2
171.1
196.9
857.3
38.7
90.7
41.5
49.2
130.1
71.1

2,786.7
40.5
82.4
42.7
106.2
172.9
201.4
867.2
41.3
94.6
42.2
49.0
131.8
69.6

31.7
.2
.5
1.2
5.0
1.8
4.5
9.9
2.6
3.9
.7
-.2
1.7
-1.5

1.2
.5
.6
2.9
4.9
1.1
2.3
1.2
6.7
4.3
1.7
-.4
1.3
-2.1

Iowa ........................................................................................
Ames ..................................................................................
Cedar Rapids ......................................................................
Des Moines-West Des Moines ...........................................
Dubuque .............................................................................
Iowa City .............................................................................
Sioux City ...........................................................................
Waterloo-Cedar Falls ..........................................................

1,437.4
46.9
134.6
311.1
54.0
88.8
72.7
86.3

1,451.5
46.9
135.7
310.9
55.8
89.2
72.0
87.2

1,449.8
46.9
135.7
312.3
54.0
89.8
73.5
86.9

1,465.2
46.7
136.2
311.8
55.6
90.6
72.6
88.0

15.4
-.2
.5
-.5
1.6
.8
-.9
1.1

1.1
-.4
.4
-.2
3.0
.9
-1.2
1.3

See footnotes at end of table.

ESTABLISHMENT DATA
NOT SEASONALLY ADJUSTED

ESTABLISHMENT DATA
NOT SEASONALLY ADJUSTED

Table 3. Employees on nonfarm payrolls by state and metropolitan area—Continued
(Numbers in thousands)
February

Change from March 2010 to
March 2011 p

March

State and area
2010

2011

2010

2011p

Kansas ...................................................................................
Lawrence ............................................................................
Manhattan ...........................................................................
Topeka ................................................................................
Wichita ................................................................................

1,304.0
50.7
56.6
107.8
280.7

1,294.6
50.3
56.6
106.3
280.2

1,314.6
51.2
57.1
108.5
282.2

Kentucky ...............................................................................
Bowling Green ....................................................................
Elizabethtown .....................................................................
Lexington-Fayette ...............................................................
Louisville-Jefferson County ................................................
Owensboro .........................................................................

1,719.3
57.9
44.7
239.6
573.7
48.1

1,754.9
58.3
47.3
243.8
583.9
49.0

Louisiana ...............................................................................
Alexandria ...........................................................................
Baton Rouge .......................................................................
Houma-Bayou Cane-Thibodaux .........................................
Lafayette .............................................................................
Lake Charles ......................................................................
Monroe ...............................................................................
New Orleans-Metairie-Kenner ............................................
Shreveport-Bossier City ......................................................

1,864.7
62.6
361.8
90.5
145.0
89.5
75.8
514.6
172.6

Maine .....................................................................................
Bangor ................................................................................
Lewiston-Auburn .................................................................
Portland-South Portland-Biddeford .....................................

Number

Percent

1,309.4
50.4
57.1
107.3
283.9

-5.2
-.8
.0
-1.2
1.7

-0.4
-1.6
.0
-1.1
.6

1,743.4
58.3
45.2
241.3
584.5
48.8

1,781.9
58.8
47.9
246.7
592.3
49.9

38.5
.5
2.7
5.4
7.8
1.1

2.2
.9
6.0
2.2
1.3
2.3

1,886.9
63.1
363.0
94.1
147.6
89.4
75.6
521.3
175.7

1,881.4
63.1
364.7
91.3
145.6
89.6
76.8
519.0
174.8

1,889.6
64.1
362.2
94.1
146.1
89.9
76.2
522.1
177.4

8.2
1.0
-2.5
2.8
.5
.3
-.6
3.1
2.6

.4
1.6
-.7
3.1
.3
.3
-.8
.6
1.5

572.9
63.1
47.2
181.0

579.3
62.8
47.2
182.0

574.8
63.0
47.4
181.9

577.1
62.4
46.5
181.7

2.3
-.6
-.9
-.2

.4
-1.0
-1.9
-.1

Maryland ................................................................................
Baltimore-Towson ..............................................................
Cumberland ........................................................................
Hagerstown-Martinsburg ....................................................
Salisbury .............................................................................

2,423.7
1,231.4
38.4
94.5
50.8

2,466.7
1,247.6
39.4
95.2
52.5

2,479.8
1,261.0
39.3
95.9
51.9

2,486.9
1,255.7
39.8
95.7
53.6

7.1
-5.3
.5
-.2
1.7

.3
-.4
1.3
-.2
3.3

Massachusetts ......................................................................
Barnstable Town .................................................................
Boston-Cambridge-Quincy ................................................
Leominster-Fitchburg-Gardner ...........................................
New Bedford .......................................................................
Pittsfield ..............................................................................
Springfield ...........................................................................
Worcester ...........................................................................

3,117.8
86.3
2,384.4
47.0
62.7
34.1
279.3
235.8

3,140.7
88.3
2,407.0
47.9
64.4
34.9
282.6
237.9

3,130.4
87.1
2,394.0
47.0
62.9
34.2
281.6
236.1

3,160.3
89.2
2,421.6
48.2
64.7
35.0
283.7
238.8

29.9
2.1
27.6
1.2
1.8
.8
2.1
2.7

1.0
2.4
1.2
2.6
2.9
2.3
.7
1.1

Michigan ................................................................................
Ann Arbor ...........................................................................
Battle Creek ........................................................................
Bay City ..............................................................................
Detroit-Warren-Livonia .......................................................
Flint .....................................................................................
Grand Rapids-Wyoming .....................................................
Holland-Grand Haven .........................................................
Jackson ..............................................................................
Kalamazoo-Portage ............................................................
Lansing-East Lansing .........................................................
Monroe ...............................................................................
Muskegon-Norton Shores ...................................................
Niles-Benton Harbor ...........................................................
Saginaw-Saginaw Township North .....................................

3,773.0
194.0
54.6
35.5
1,698.7
131.8
354.4
101.0
52.3
134.2
213.4
36.2
56.8
56.9
81.1

3,839.5
194.4
55.2
35.7
1,719.7
131.0
360.5
102.5
52.3
135.1
218.1
36.5
56.7
58.9
82.4

3,786.0
194.3
55.0
35.2
1,702.4
132.6
354.7
101.6
52.3
134.6
213.8
36.9
56.9
57.7
82.0

3,861.7
194.9
56.0
35.9
1,725.0
131.0
360.5
104.2
52.6
135.8
219.1
36.8
58.0
59.4
82.5

75.7
.6
1.0
.7
22.6
-1.6
5.8
2.6
.3
1.2
5.3
-.1
1.1
1.7
.5

2.0
.3
1.8
2.0
1.3
-1.2
1.6
2.6
.6
.9
2.5
-.3
1.9
2.9
.6

Minnesota ..............................................................................
Duluth .................................................................................
Mankato-North Mankato .....................................................
Minneapolis-St. Paul-Bloomington .....................................
Rochester ...........................................................................
St. Cloud .............................................................................

2,571.7
125.7
51.1
1,653.5
99.9
95.1

2,591.6
126.3
51.6
1,662.9
100.5
97.4

2,581.3
126.4
51.2
1,659.0
100.3
95.8

2,601.2
126.7
51.9
1,672.3
100.9
97.7

19.9
.3
.7
13.3
.6
1.9

.8
.2
1.4
.8
.6
2.0

Mississippi ............................................................................
Gulfport-Biloxi .....................................................................
Hattiesburg .........................................................................
Jackson ..............................................................................
Pascagoula .........................................................................

1,076.2
103.8
58.2
248.2
57.0

1,090.1
105.2
59.1
249.7
58.1

1,086.2
104.9
58.4
250.2
57.8

1,095.4
105.8
58.9
251.1
58.3

9.2
.9
.5
.9
.5

.8
.9
.9
.4
.9

Missouri ................................................................................
Cape Girardeau-Jackson ....................................................
Columbia ............................................................................
Jefferson City ......................................................................
Joplin ..................................................................................
Kansas City .......................................................................
St. Joseph ...........................................................................
St. Louis 1 ...........................................................................
Springfield ..........................................................................

2,602.1
43.4
91.7
75.9
77.2
948.5
55.5
1,267.0
189.0

2,595.6
43.0
93.1
76.8
79.1
943.4
56.2
1,273.1
189.2

2,632.4
43.9
93.5
76.9
77.7
957.0
56.1
1,278.5
190.5

2,646.9
43.7
94.8
77.2
83.1
957.5
57.5
1,293.3
190.1

14.5
-.2
1.3
.3
5.4
.5
1.4
14.8
-.4

.6
-.5
1.4
.4
6.9
.1
2.5
1.2
-.2

Montana .................................................................................
Billings ................................................................................
Great Falls ..........................................................................
Missoula .............................................................................

415.1
76.6
34.5
54.1

416.9
77.1
35.0
52.1

419.7
77.6
35.5
54.1

422.0
77.9
35.5
53.1

2.3
.3
.0
-1.0

.5
.4
.0
-1.8

See footnotes at end of table.

ESTABLISHMENT DATA
NOT SEASONALLY ADJUSTED

ESTABLISHMENT DATA
NOT SEASONALLY ADJUSTED

Table 3. Employees on nonfarm payrolls by state and metropolitan area—Continued
(Numbers in thousands)
February

Change from March 2010 to
March 2011 p

March

State and area
2010

2011

2010

2011p

Number

Percent

Nebraska ...............................................................................
Lincoln ................................................................................
Omaha-Council Bluffs .........................................................

920.2
168.7
445.8

931.5
169.4
448.4

926.4
169.7
449.5

939.0
171.6
452.3

12.6
1.9
2.8

1.4
1.1
.6

Nevada ...................................................................................
Carson City .........................................................................
Las Vegas-Paradise ...........................................................
Reno-Sparks .......................................................................

1,105.5
28.5
798.6
186.7

1,103.9
28.7
793.3
186.9

1,108.6
28.7
799.5
187.3

1,114.4
28.8
803.4
187.5

5.8
.1
3.9
.2

.5
.3
.5
.1

New Hampshire .....................................................................
Manchester .........................................................................
Portsmouth .........................................................................
Rochester-Dover ................................................................

609.9
95.0
51.8
55.0

619.2
96.7
52.8
55.7

612.4
95.4
52.4
55.1

619.5
97.0
52.7
56.7

7.1
1.6
.3
1.6

1.2
1.7
.6
2.9

New Jersey ............................................................................
Atlantic City-Hammonton ....................................................
Ocean City ..........................................................................
Trenton-Ewing ....................................................................
Vineland-Millville-Bridgeton ................................................

3,767.7
132.7
32.0
235.8
57.4

3,773.3
133.3
33.5
233.9
57.0

3,798.5
134.7
32.9
237.3
58.2

3,800.0
133.2
34.1
233.4
57.9

1.5
-1.5
1.2
-3.9
-.3

.0
-1.1
3.6
-1.6
-.5

New Mexico ...........................................................................
Albuquerque .......................................................................
Farmington .........................................................................
Las Cruces .........................................................................
Santa Fe .............................................................................

795.8
368.7
47.7
69.0
59.9

795.6
366.3
48.3
69.4
60.4

801.1
370.3
48.1
69.8
60.1

800.8
367.3
48.5
69.8
60.9

-.3
-3.0
.4
.0
.8

.0
-.8
.8
.0
1.3

New York ...............................................................................
Albany-Schenectady-Troy ..................................................
Binghamton ........................................................................
Buffalo-Niagara Falls ..........................................................
Elmira .................................................................................
Glens Falls ..........................................................................
Ithaca ..................................................................................
Kingston ..............................................................................
New York-Northern New Jersey-Long Island .....................
Poughkeepsie-Newburgh-Middletown ................................
Rochester ...........................................................................
Syracuse .............................................................................
Utica-Rome .........................................................................

8,388.9
431.6
108.1
526.6
38.9
51.2
66.1
59.2
8,134.2
242.4
494.2
308.0
127.8

8,451.4
426.6
107.8
529.2
39.2
51.7
66.6
60.0
8,187.7
241.2
499.9
309.8
127.1

8,444.3
432.9
108.3
529.5
39.0
51.2
66.0
60.5
8,200.3
243.6
496.5
308.0
128.2

8,503.1
429.5
108.1
532.0
39.4
52.1
66.1
59.9
8,247.6
243.3
500.9
310.2
126.5

58.8
-3.4
-.2
2.5
.4
.9
.1
-.6
47.3
-.3
4.4
2.2
-1.7

.7
-.8
-.2
.5
1.0
1.8
.2
-1.0
.6
-.1
.9
.7
-1.3

North Carolina .......................................................................
Asheville .............................................................................
Burlington ...........................................................................
Charlotte-Gastonia-Rock Hill ..............................................
Durham-Chapel Hill ............................................................
Fayetteville .........................................................................
Goldsboro ...........................................................................
Greensboro-High Point .......................................................
Greenville ...........................................................................
Hickory-Lenoir-Morganton ..................................................
Jacksonville ........................................................................
Raleigh-Cary .......................................................................
Rocky Mount .......................................................................
Wilmington ..........................................................................
Winston-Salem ...................................................................

3,802.9
162.9
54.6
791.9
276.7
127.3
42.9
334.6
75.2
141.7
47.4
485.8
58.5
133.3
202.9

3,835.5
164.8
55.1
796.5
278.2
127.7
42.4
334.8
73.8
141.5
46.8
500.4
58.8
133.8
201.8

3,838.8
164.7
54.9
799.7
278.3
128.6
43.0
337.6
75.3
143.3
47.7
490.1
59.3
134.8
203.7

3,873.8
165.0
56.1
804.3
280.5
128.6
42.8
339.4
74.8
141.6
47.3
505.1
59.1
136.2
202.9

35.0
.3
1.2
4.6
2.2
.0
-.2
1.8
-.5
-1.7
-.4
15.0
-.2
1.4
-.8

.9
.2
2.2
.6
.8
.0
-.5
.5
-.7
-1.2
-.8
3.1
-.3
1.0
-.4

North Dakota .........................................................................
Bismarck .............................................................................
Fargo ..................................................................................
Grand Forks ........................................................................

362.7
60.2
119.1
52.3

377.4
62.4
120.5
52.9

366.0
60.7
120.0
52.7

381.4
62.6
121.1
52.8

15.4
1.9
1.1
.1

4.2
3.1
.9
.2

Ohio .......................................................................................
Akron ..................................................................................
Canton-Massillon ................................................................
Cincinnati-Middletown ........................................................
Cleveland-Elyria-Mentor .....................................................
Columbus ...........................................................................
Dayton ................................................................................
Lima ....................................................................................
Mansfield ............................................................................
Sandusky ............................................................................
Springfield ...........................................................................
Steubenville-Weirton ..........................................................
Toledo .................................................................................
Youngstown-Warren-Boardman .........................................

4,909.5
309.9
155.2
959.2
970.0
884.1
363.5
50.7
50.6
32.4
47.4
44.0
288.3
214.4

4,988.3
315.1
157.0
972.2
980.8
898.6
365.2
51.7
51.1
35.4
49.0
43.2
297.8
218.4

4,945.3
312.5
156.5
969.5
973.1
888.6
366.5
51.2
50.5
33.2
47.8
44.3
291.3
214.8

5,018.5
316.7
158.4
980.9
985.8
902.9
367.9
52.1
50.3
35.8
49.8
44.1
298.6
220.7

73.2
4.2
1.9
11.4
12.7
14.3
1.4
.9
-.2
2.6
2.0
-.2
7.3
5.9

1.5
1.3
1.2
1.2
1.3
1.6
.4
1.8
-.4
7.8
4.2
-.5
2.5
2.7

See footnotes at end of table.

ESTABLISHMENT DATA
NOT SEASONALLY ADJUSTED

ESTABLISHMENT DATA
NOT SEASONALLY ADJUSTED

Table 3. Employees on nonfarm payrolls by state and metropolitan area—Continued
(Numbers in thousands)
February

Change from March 2010 to
March 2011 p

March

State and area
2010

2011

2010

2011p

Oklahoma ..............................................................................
Lawton ................................................................................
Oklahoma City ....................................................................
Tulsa ...................................................................................

1,503.1
43.4
546.9
400.4

1,514.3
43.4
555.0
404.0

1,518.4
44.1
553.3
403.7

Oregon ...................................................................................
Bend ...................................................................................
Corvallis ..............................................................................
Eugene-Springfield .............................................................
Medford ..............................................................................
Portland-Vancouver-Hillsboro .............................................
Salem .................................................................................

1,570.8
58.6
37.2
139.5
73.6
953.4
141.7

1,603.7
58.1
38.1
140.0
73.5
967.6
140.8

Pennsylvania .........................................................................
Allentown-Bethlehem-Easton .............................................
Altoona ...............................................................................
Erie .....................................................................................
Harrisburg-Carlisle ..............................................................
Johnstown ..........................................................................
Lancaster ............................................................................
Lebanon ..............................................................................
Philadelphia-Camden-Wilmington ......................................
Pittsburgh ...........................................................................
Reading ..............................................................................
Scranton—Wilkes-Barre .....................................................
State College ......................................................................
Williamsport ........................................................................
York-Hanover .....................................................................

5,482.2
326.0
58.2
122.8
311.2
58.7
220.8
48.1
2,647.4
1,088.4
163.3
247.7
73.8
51.2
169.0

Rhode Island .........................................................................
Providence-Fall River-Warwick ..........................................

Number

Percent

1,537.5
43.6
562.3
409.0

19.1
-.5
9.0
5.3

1.3
-1.1
1.6
1.3

1,579.3
58.9
37.3
140.2
73.4
957.4
142.3

1,608.3
58.9
38.3
139.5
74.1
970.7
141.5

29.0
.0
1.0
-.7
.7
13.3
-.8

1.8
.0
2.7
-.5
1.0
1.4
-.6

5,582.5
328.4
59.2
126.8
312.6
60.2
222.8
49.2
2,665.9
1,112.3
165.8
250.2
74.6
52.0
173.4

5,539.7
329.9
58.9
123.9
314.9
59.2
223.9
48.5
2,667.6
1,102.7
165.1
249.5
74.6
51.5
171.5

5,619.5
332.5
59.4
127.5
314.4
60.7
225.3
49.5
2,682.6
1,120.9
165.0
251.7
74.9
52.3
175.1

79.8
2.6
.5
3.6
-.5
1.5
1.4
1.0
15.0
18.2
-.1
2.2
.3
.8
3.6

1.4
.8
.8
2.9
-.2
2.5
.6
2.1
.6
1.7
-.1
.9
.4
1.6
2.1

446.8
526.9

449.0
534.0

450.2
530.8

451.8
535.2

1.6
4.4

.4
.8

South Carolina ......................................................................
Anderson ............................................................................
Charleston-North Charleston-Summerville .........................
Columbia ............................................................................
Florence ..............................................................................
Greenville-Mauldin-Easley ..................................................
Myrtle Beach-North Myrtle Beach-Conway ........................
Spartanburg ........................................................................
Sumter ................................................................................

1,770.5
57.7
276.6
341.8
81.9
290.6
105.7
115.4
36.3

1,796.8
60.7
282.6
341.1
82.3
296.6
109.7
118.5
36.9

1,788.7
58.2
280.3
343.2
81.8
292.9
109.0
115.9
36.5

1,812.5
61.0
285.1
343.8
82.2
298.0
115.0
118.8
37.5

23.8
2.8
4.8
.6
.4
5.1
6.0
2.9
1.0

1.3
4.8
1.7
.2
.5
1.7
5.5
2.5
2.7

South Dakota ........................................................................
Rapid City ...........................................................................
Sioux Falls ..........................................................................

389.1
57.7
129.8

393.8
58.1
130.9

392.1
58.1
130.6

395.1
58.1
131.5

3.0
.0
.9

.8
.0
.7

Tennessee .............................................................................
Chattanooga .......................................................................
Clarksville ...........................................................................
Cleveland ............................................................................
Jackson ..............................................................................
Johnson City .......................................................................
Kingsport-Bristol-Bristol ......................................................
Knoxville .............................................................................
Memphis .............................................................................
Morristown ..........................................................................
Nashville-Davidson—Murfreesboro—Franklin ...................

2,562.5
225.3
81.1
38.8
57.0
77.3
114.7
316.1
584.1
44.1
717.3

2,597.5
229.9
82.8
39.0
57.5
77.8
115.5
322.3
578.1
44.5
734.0

2,585.2
227.0
82.0
38.9
57.5
78.1
115.9
317.8
588.5
44.8
723.7

2,615.2
231.9
83.9
39.4
58.1
79.1
117.1
325.0
581.0
45.2
735.0

30.0
4.9
1.9
.5
.6
1.0
1.2
7.2
-7.5
.4
11.3

1.2
2.2
2.3
1.3
1.0
1.3
1.0
2.3
-1.3
.9
1.6

Texas .....................................................................................
Abilene ................................................................................
Amarillo ...............................................................................
Austin-Round Rock-San Marcos ........................................
Beaumont-Port Arthur .........................................................
Brownsville-Harlingen .........................................................
College Station-Bryan .........................................................
Corpus Christi .....................................................................
Dallas-Fort Worth-Arlington ................................................
El Paso ...............................................................................
Houston-Sugar Land-Baytown ...........................................
Killeen-Temple-Fort Hood ..................................................
Laredo ................................................................................
Longview ............................................................................
Lubbock ..............................................................................
McAllen-Edinburg-Mission ..................................................
Midland ...............................................................................
Odessa ...............................................................................
San Angelo .........................................................................
San Antonio-New Braunfels ...............................................
Sherman-Denison ...............................................................
Texarkana ...........................................................................
Tyler ....................................................................................
Victoria ................................................................................
Waco ..................................................................................
Wichita Falls .......................................................................

10,178.3
64.3
108.2
755.3
156.8
125.2
96.9
176.4
2,812.6
274.6
2,490.3
126.0
86.8
93.5
127.8
218.8
66.2
58.6
43.9
832.7
41.9
55.6
90.8
48.2
103.5
57.3

10,403.0
64.8
110.6
768.3
159.0
126.7
98.5
179.2
2,876.9
280.0
2,542.9
128.8
87.8
96.5
128.1
223.6
69.1
61.8
44.7
837.8
42.4
56.8
92.8
49.0
104.8
57.8

10,266.7
64.9
108.8
763.7
157.6
126.0
97.7
179.1
2,835.3
277.5
2,508.0
126.9
87.5
95.0
128.4
220.2
66.7
59.1
44.4
839.2
42.4
56.1
91.6
48.8
104.6
57.6

10,504.0
63.8
111.1
777.6
160.6
125.4
99.9
182.9
2,904.3
281.3
2,559.8
129.5
87.1
97.8
129.0
225.1
70.3
62.7
45.2
850.1
43.0
56.3
92.8
49.4
107.1
57.8

237.3
-1.1
2.3
13.9
3.0
-.6
2.2
3.8
69.0
3.8
51.8
2.6
-.4
2.8
.6
4.9
3.6
3.6
.8
10.9
.6
.2
1.2
.6
2.5
.2

2.3
-1.7
2.1
1.8
1.9
-.5
2.3
2.1
2.4
1.4
2.1
2.0
-.5
2.9
.5
2.2
5.4
6.1
1.8
1.3
1.4
.4
1.3
1.2
2.4
.3

See footnotes at end of table.

ESTABLISHMENT DATA
NOT SEASONALLY ADJUSTED

ESTABLISHMENT DATA
NOT SEASONALLY ADJUSTED

Table 3. Employees on nonfarm payrolls by state and metropolitan area—Continued
(Numbers in thousands)
February

Change from March 2010 to
March 2011 p

March

State and area
2010

2011

2010

2011p

Utah ........................................................................................
Logan ..................................................................................
Ogden-Clearfield ................................................................
Provo-Orem ........................................................................
St. George ..........................................................................
Salt Lake City .....................................................................

1,159.6
51.8
187.0
174.9
44.5
599.8

1,179.9
53.1
189.2
177.7
44.8
609.5

1,168.5
52.0
188.8
176.2
45.0
603.6

Vermont .................................................................................
Burlington-South Burlington ................................................

296.1
111.2

304.6
113.7

Virginia ..................................................................................
Blacksburg-Christiansburg-Radford ...................................
Charlottesville .....................................................................
Danville ...............................................................................
Harrisonburg .......................................................................
Lynchburg ...........................................................................
Richmond ...........................................................................
Roanoke .............................................................................
Virginia Beach-Norfolk-Newport News ...............................
Winchester ..........................................................................

3,543.5
68.4
97.8
38.3
60.9
100.3
588.9
151.9
718.0
52.2

Washington ...........................................................................
Bellingham ..........................................................................
Bremerton-Silverdale ..........................................................
Kennewick-Pasco-Richland ................................................
Longview ............................................................................
Mount Vernon-Anacortes ....................................................
Olympia ..............................................................................
Seattle-Tacoma-Bellevue ...................................................
Spokane .............................................................................
Wenatchee-East Wenatchee ..............................................
Yakima ................................................................................

Number

Percent

1,187.6
53.1
191.5
179.7
46.0
611.4

19.1
1.1
2.7
3.5
1.0
7.8

1.6
2.1
1.4
2.0
2.2
1.3

295.0
110.1

303.4
112.7

8.4
2.6

2.8
2.4

3,596.7
68.3
99.5
39.5
62.0
103.0
593.5
151.9
716.1
53.6

3,586.1
68.3
98.4
38.7
61.3
101.6
595.7
153.5
725.4
53.2

3,627.1
67.8
100.6
40.0
62.4
107.0
598.0
152.3
724.5
54.9

41.0
-.5
2.2
1.3
1.1
5.4
2.3
-1.2
-.9
1.7

1.1
-.7
2.2
3.4
1.8
5.3
.4
-.8
-.1
3.2

2,730.1
77.3
81.7
95.2
34.9
42.8
97.3
1,611.9
201.7
36.6
74.5

2,764.4
76.7
81.2
98.7
34.2
43.3
96.0
1,636.3
202.3
37.8
74.8

2,747.5
77.7
81.9
96.9
35.3
43.4
97.7
1,618.5
202.8
37.1
74.7

2,778.8
77.3
81.4
100.8
34.6
43.3
97.7
1,641.3
203.4
38.3
75.3

31.3
-.4
-.5
3.9
-.7
-.1
.0
22.8
.6
1.2
.6

1.1
-.5
-.6
4.0
-2.0
-.2
.0
1.4
.3
3.2
.8

West Virginia .........................................................................
Charleston ..........................................................................
Huntington-Ashland ............................................................
Morgantown ........................................................................
Parkersburg-Marietta-Vienna .............................................
Wheeling .............................................................................

725.0
144.8
112.0
64.0
67.2
65.2

734.9
145.5
112.6
65.0
67.5
66.3

737.3
146.1
113.9
65.3
68.4
66.1

741.9
147.6
113.0
66.1
68.4
67.0

4.6
1.5
-.9
.8
.0
.9

.6
1.0
-.8
1.2
.0
1.4

Wisconsin ..............................................................................
Appleton .............................................................................
Eau Claire ...........................................................................
Fond du Lac ........................................................................
Green Bay ..........................................................................
Janesville ............................................................................
La Crosse ...........................................................................
Madison ..............................................................................
Milwaukee-Waukesha-West Allis .......................................
Oshkosh-Neenah ................................................................
Racine ................................................................................
Sheboygan .........................................................................
Wausau ..............................................................................

2,663.0
111.8
78.3
42.9
161.5
60.0
72.7
338.0
789.7
90.5
72.9
56.5
65.5

2,691.0
113.2
79.0
44.5
162.8
59.7
72.4
338.4
809.5
91.4
73.7
57.7
66.1

2,677.6
112.3
78.6
43.7
163.0
60.6
73.0
339.0
792.4
90.9
73.0
56.6
66.0

2,704.2
114.0
80.0
44.6
163.3
60.4
72.2
339.4
814.9
91.6
73.5
57.9
66.1

26.6
1.7
1.4
.9
.3
-.2
-.8
.4
22.5
.7
.5
1.3
.1

1.0
1.5
1.8
2.1
.2
-.3
-1.1
.1
2.8
.8
.7
2.3
.2

Wyoming ...............................................................................
Casper ................................................................................
Cheyenne ...........................................................................

272.2
37.4
42.5

275.1
37.8
43.1

274.4
37.9
42.7

277.3
38.2
43.4

2.9
.3
.7

1.1
.8
1.6

Puerto Rico ...........................................................................
Aguadilla-Isabela-San Sebastian .......................................
Fajardo ...............................................................................
Guayama ............................................................................
Mayaguez ...........................................................................
Ponce .................................................................................
San German-Cabo Rojo .....................................................
San Juan-Caguas-Guaynabo .............................................
Yauco .................................................................................

932.6
48.0
15.3
17.1
36.3
62.2
21.3
692.3
13.6

917.3
48.7
13.6
16.9
36.0
61.8
22.4
674.8
13.2

943.6
48.7
15.7
17.3
37.5
63.3
21.6
699.7
13.5

918.7
49.0
14.0
16.5
35.7
61.6
23.0
674.5
13.4

-24.9
.3
-1.7
-.8
-1.8
-1.7
1.4
-25.2
-.1

-2.6
.6
-10.8
-4.6
-4.8
-2.7
6.5
-3.6
-.7

Virgin Islands ........................................................................

44.8

43.9

44.8

44.0

-.8

-1.8

1
p

Area boundaries do not reflect official OMB definitions.
= preliminary.
NOTE: Data are counts of jobs by place of work. Estimates subsequent to the current
benchmark are provisional and will be revised when new information becomes available.
Area definitions are based on Office of Management and Budget Bulletin No. 10-02,
dated December 1, 2009, and available at www.bls.gov/lau/lausmsa.htm. Areas in the

six New England states are Metropolitan New England City and Town Areas (NECTAs),
while areas in other states are county-based. Some metropolitan areas lie in two or
more states. They are listed under the state that appears first in their titles.
Davenport-Moline-Rock Island, Iowa-Ill. is the exception since it is listed under Illinois for
operational reasons.

ESTABLISHMENT DATA
NOT SEASONALLY ADJUSTED

ESTABLISHMENT DATA
NOT SEASONALLY ADJUSTED

Table 4. Employees on nonfarm payrolls by state, selected metropolitan area, and metropolitan division
(Numbers in thousands)
February

Change from March 2010 to
March 2011 p

March

State, area, and division
2010

2011

2010

2011p

California ...............................................................................
Los Angeles-Long Beach-Santa Ana .................................
Los Angeles-Long Beach-Glendale ..................................
Santa Ana-Anaheim-Irvine ...............................................
San Francisco-Oakland-Fremont .......................................
Oakland-Fremont-Hayward ..............................................
San Francisco-San Mateo-Redwood City ........................

13,737.3
5,076.0
3,739.8
1,336.2
1,861.4
941.4
920.0

13,947.0
5,137.0
3,786.5
1,350.5
1,866.1
938.5
927.6

13,808.0
5,098.9
3,760.1
1,338.8
1,868.6
946.1
922.5

District of Columbia .............................................................
Washington-Arlington-Alexandria 1 ....................................
Bethesda-Rockville-Frederick 2 ........................................
Washington-Arlington-Alexandria 1 ..................................

695.6
2,876.8
541.1
2,335.7

708.9
2,948.5
558.4
2,390.1

Florida ....................................................................................
Miami-Fort Lauderdale-Pompano Beach ............................
Fort Lauderdale-Pompano Beach-Deerfield Beach ..........
Miami-Miami Beach-Kendall .............................................
West Palm Beach-Boca Raton-Boynton Beach ...............

7,167.4
2,185.1
702.7
978.6
503.8

Illinois ....................................................................................
Chicago-Joliet-Naperville 1 .................................................
Chicago-Joliet-Naperville ..................................................
Gary 2 ...............................................................................
Lake County-Kenosha County 1 .......................................

Number

Percent

13,999.0
5,138.4
3,786.1
1,352.6
1,874.1
938.3
933.8

191.0
39.5
26.0
13.8
5.5
-7.8
11.3

1.4
.8
.7
1.0
.3
-.8
1.2

703.6
2,922.6
550.7
2,371.9

709.7
2,962.0
561.1
2,400.9

6.1
39.4
10.4
29.0

.9
1.3
1.9
1.2

7,215.6
2,198.5
706.3
989.3
502.9

7,214.5
2,192.9
705.4
982.4
505.1

7,258.8
2,212.5
708.8
994.3
509.3

44.3
19.6
3.4
11.9
4.2

.6
.9
.5
1.2
.8

5,482.7
4,148.3
3,529.4
256.0
362.9

5,554.0
4,190.1
3,569.6
257.5
363.0

5,515.5
4,169.7
3,546.0
259.0
364.7

5,590.8
4,217.4
3,590.8
260.2
366.4

75.3
47.7
44.8
1.2
1.7

1.4
1.1
1.3
.5
.5

Massachusetts ......................................................................
Boston-Cambridge-Quincy 1 ..............................................
Boston-Cambridge-Quincy ...............................................
Brockton-Bridgewater-Easton ...........................................
Framingham .....................................................................
Haverhill-North Andover-Amesbury 1 ...............................
Lowell-Billerica-Chelmsford 1 ...........................................
Nashua 1 ..........................................................................
Peabody ...........................................................................

3,117.8
2,384.4
1,644.8
85.0
150.8
74.3
113.1
122.7
97.2

3,140.7
2,407.0
1,659.9
86.3
151.6
75.2
113.5
123.1
97.6

3,130.4
2,394.0
1,651.4
85.3
151.4
75.2
113.7
123.3
97.2

3,160.3
2,421.6
1,667.5
86.8
152.4
76.8
114.4
124.7
97.8

29.9
27.6
16.1
1.5
1.0
1.6
.7
1.4
.6

1.0
1.2
1.0
1.8
.7
2.1
.6
1.1
.6

Michigan ................................................................................
Detroit-Warren-Livonia .......................................................
Detroit-Livonia-Dearborn ..................................................
Warren-Troy-Farmington Hills ..........................................

3,773.0
1,698.7
683.4
1,015.3

3,839.5
1,719.7
686.7
1,033.0

3,786.0
1,702.4
683.2
1,019.2

3,861.7
1,725.0
689.3
1,037.2

75.7
22.6
6.1
18.0

2.0
1.3
.9
1.8

New York ...............................................................................
New York-Northern New Jersey-Long Island 1 ..................
Edison-New Brunswick2 ...................................................
Nassau-Suffolk .................................................................
New York-White Plains-Wayne 1 ......................................
Newark-Union 2 ................................................................

8,388.9
8,134.2
954.8
1,188.4
5,040.3
950.7

8,451.4
8,187.7
956.9
1,199.5
5,082.8
948.5

8,444.3
8,200.3
964.9
1,203.6
5,076.1
955.7

8,503.1
8,247.6
966.3
1,211.6
5,115.3
954.4

58.8
47.3
1.4
8.0
39.2
-1.3

.7
.6
.1
.7
.8
-.1

Pennsylvania .........................................................................
Philadelphia-Camden-Wilmington 1 ...................................
Camden 2 .........................................................................
Philadelphia ......................................................................
Wilmington 2 .....................................................................

5,482.2
2,647.4
498.5
1,828.4
320.5

5,582.5
2,665.9
493.2
1,850.3
322.4

5,539.7
2,667.6
501.6
1,842.0
324.0

5,619.5
2,682.6
497.2
1,860.9
325.3

79.8
15.0
-4.4
18.9
1.3

1.4
.6
-.9
1.0
.4

Texas .....................................................................................
Dallas-Fort Worth-Arlington ................................................
Dallas-Plano-Irving ...........................................................
Fort Worth-Arlington .........................................................

10,178.3
2,812.6
1,979.2
833.4

10,403.0
2,876.9
2,032.7
844.2

10,266.7
2,835.3
1,994.0
841.3

10,504.0
2,904.3
2,047.4
857.1

237.3
69.0
53.4
15.8

2.3
2.4
2.7
1.9

Washington ...........................................................................
Seattle-Tacoma-Bellevue ...................................................
Seattle-Bellevue-Everett ...................................................
Tacoma .............................................................................

2,730.1
1,611.9
1,350.8
261.1

2,764.4
1,636.3
1,375.5
260.8

2,747.5
1,618.5
1,356.0
262.5

2,778.8
1,641.3
1,378.6
262.7

31.3
22.8
22.6
.2

1.1
1.4
1.7
.1

1
2
p

Part of the area is in one or more adjacent states.
All of the area is in one or more adjacent states.
= preliminary.
NOTE: Data are counts of jobs by place of work. Estimates subsequent to the current
benchmark are provisional and will be revised when new information becomes available.
Area definitions are based on Office of Management and Budget Bulletin No. 10-02,

dated December 1, 2009, and available at www.bls.gov/lau/lausmsa.htm. Areas in the
six New England states are Metropolitan New England City and Town Areas (NECTAs),
while areas in other states are county-based. Some metropolitan areas lie in two or
more states. They are listed under the state that appears first in their titles. Some
divisions lie in more than one state, and some, like Camden, N.J., are totally outside the
states under which their metropolitan areas are listed.

Unemployment rates for metropolitan areas,
not seasonally adjusted, March 2011
(U S rate = 9
(U.S.
9.2
2 percent)

NOTE: Map includes data for 372 metropolitan areas based
on Office of Management and Budget Bulletin No. 1002. Areas in the six New England states are Metropolitan New England City and Town areas (NECTAs),
while areas in other states are county-based.

Above U.S. average
U.S. average or below