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Patna city :opportunity and

threat in public health sector
By abhishek kumar sinha

Physical Attributes • Patna is located between Latitude: 25° 37' North and Longitude: 85° 12' East • surrounded on three sides by rivers—the Ganga.100 mm during the months of June to September • Temperature 43 °C – 30 °C during the summers and 21. Sone.4 °C – 5 °C during the winters . and Poonpun • The precipitation in Patna is 1.

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good farming land low is sacrificed. open spaces disappear . solid waste management. parking etc • organic manner. villages are engulfed. drainage.CITY ASSESSMENT: ANALYSIS OF EXISTING SITUATION • drainage of the city poses as a major problem • prone to flooding • core area of Patna faces problems of over crowing • problems of water supply. sewerage.

Chloride. Nitrate. Total Dissolved Solid (TDS) and fluorides were are within permissible limits but the iron content in water was found to be 0.5mg/L • Patna district is an arsenic affected area with 110% of Arscenic content of >50 ppt. K. Na. total alkalinity. total hardness.Water Quality • The drinking water requirement is met by underground water • The parametersof turbidity. Ca. sulphate. .

Key indicator • Source Sustainability  Groundwater is the major sources of water supply River Ganga in north and Sone in south are surface water sources there are 89 tube wells with water production of 72 Million Gallons Per Day(MGD) against total requirement of 50MGD high water loss (around 40% is T&D loss due old distribution network) .

Service Level .

• The existing distribution system is very old and suffers from heavy leakage • study conducted by (NIUA).Service Coverage • existing water supply system city has been divided into 5 zones namely. although 75% ofpopulation has piped water connection but due to low water pressure & poor supply system.  around 40% of population has access to both house connection & public stand post.  20% of population gets water from public stand post and  remaining 40% population dependent on private tube wells. .

Service Efficiency • Cost Recovery by way of Water Charges is poor 30% in PMC • The collection performance indicates that on an average 47 per cent is collected against the current demand • Coordination mechanisms between responsible agencies are missing. .

• Infiltration of rainwater into sewerage line further aggravates the problem in monsoon months. increasing the dependency on the septic tank and low cost sanitations. which may pollute shallow ground water with microbial pollution. . • Septic tank and Low cost Sanitation are supporting around 80-85 per cent of households. • Public conveniences are not adequate in the city. • The partly or wholly untreated effluent flows into open drains.SEWERAGE AND SANITATION • Only 20% of the total households in urban agglomeration areas are covered with under ground sewerage system. No user charge on the public conveniences has deteriorated the condition of existing system.

STORM WATER DRAINAGE • city drainage system has to depend on (i) Storm Water Pumping Stations and (ii) City Zoning as per Natural Drainage Zones. implementation and operation &maintenance has lead to mismanagement. solid waste dumping and silt deposition cover the drainage channel and RCC drains • The multilateral agencies involved in planning. • The construction of unplanned colonies leads to water logging • The encroachments. • separate sewerage system has been adopted in Patna. but has low performance in reality. .

Gap in Services and Normative Investment-Water Supply (2021) .

Gap in Services -Sewerage and Sanitation (2021) .

Delay a major issue .

• major problems are Operational • use of this Drainage in agriculture THREATS •Unorganized development in the low lying areas and natural drainage channels are not controlled • Storm water drainage is to be pumped to bale out the water •Extensive utilization of ground water lead to problem of arsenic •High population growth Water Supply System •Highly fertile and productive water belt. • Low lying areas and drainage channels can be Used for Rainwater harvesting •Model of Low Cost Sanitation and Septic Tanks Sewerage System •High population growth .My comments SECTORS Storm Water Drainage OPPORTUNITY • The interlinking of drains is possible.

Thank you .