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College of Nursing
Prepared by: Mark Julius S. Cruz BUCN SN 2012(for
personal use)


Philippines (SANTALUBBY)
Approved by DOH

 ambong (Blumea balsamifera) - is an amazing medicinal plant. Coming from the
family of Compositae, it goes by several names locally.. The plant is a strongly aromatic herb
that grows tall and erect. Its height ranges from 1.5 to 3 meters, with stems that grow for up to
2.5 centimeters. It is an anti-urolithiasis and work as a diuretic. It is used to aid the treatment of
kidney disorders. The Sambong leaves can also be used to treat colds and mild hypertension.
Since it is a diuretic, this herbal medicine helps dispose of excess water and sodium (salt) in the

Sambong is one herbal medicine (of ten) approved by the Philippine Department of Health
(DOH) as an alternative medicine in treating particular disorders. This plant possesses a
multitude of properties that make it worthy of the DOH approval. It functions as an astringent
and as an expectorant, and has been found to be anti-diarrhea and anti-spasm. As an astringent,
preparations made of sambong leaves may be used for wounds and cuts. It is also suggested to be
incorporated to post-partum baths, as well as considerable immersion of particular body areas
that are afflicted with pains caused by rheumatism. Its expectorant properties make it as a
popular recommendation to be taken in as tea to treat colds.

Health Benefits of Sambong:

• Good as a diuretic agent

• Effective in the dissolving kidney
• Aids in treating hypertension &
• Treatment of colds & fever
• Anti-diarrheic properties
• Anti-gastralgic properties
• Helps remove worms, boils
• Relief of stomach pains
• Treats dysentery, sore throat
Preparation & Use:

• A decoction (boil in water) of Sambong leaves as like tea and drink a glass 3 or 4 times a day.
• The leaves can also be crushed or pounded and mixed with coconut oil.
• For headaches, apply crushed and pounded leaves on forehead and temples.
• Decoction of leaves is used as sponge bath.
• Decoction of the roots, on the other hand, is to be taken in as cure for fever.

 Akapulko (Cassia alata) – a shrub found throughout the Philippines. It is known under
various names in different regions in the country. The shrub belongs to the family of
Leguminosae, and grows about one to two meters tall. It has thick branches and the leaves are
embraced with 8 to 20 leaflets that are oblong-elliptical in shape. The flowers of the Akapulko
have oblong sepals, and its fruits are tetragonal, which are also winged and glabrous. A
medicinal herb that contains chrysophanic acid, a fungicide used to treat fungal infections, like
ringworms, scabies, and eczema. Akapulko also contains saponin, a laxative that is useful in
expelling intestinal parasites. Akapulko leaves are also known to be sudorific, diuretic and
purgative, used to treat intestinal problems including intestinal parasites. Akapulko is also used
as herbal medicine to treat bronchitis and asthma. Because of Akapulko’s anti-fungal properties,
it is a common ingredient in soaps, shampoos, and lotions in the Philippines.

The primary part used for herbal purposes are the leaves, although the roots and flowers are also
used for certain preparations with medicinal value. The extracts from the Akapulko plant is
commonly used as an ingredient for lotions, soaps, and shampoos.

• External Use:
Treatment of skin diseases:
Tinea infections, insect bites, ringworms,
eczema, scabies and itchiness.
• Mouthwash in stomatitis

• Internal use:
Expectorant for bronchitis and dyspnoea
• Alleviation of asthma symptoms
• Used as diuretic and purgative
• For cough & fever
• As a laxative to expel intestinal
parasites and other stomach problems.

Note: A strong decoction of Akapulko leaves is an abortifacient. Pregnant women should not
take decoction of the leaves or any part of this plant.
Preparation & Use:
• For external use, pound the leaves of the Akapulko plant, squeeze the juice and apply on
affected areas.

• As the expectorant for bronchitis and dyspnoea, drink decoction (soak and boil for 10 to 15
minutes) of Akapulko leaves. The same preparation may be used as a mouthwash, stringent, and
wash for eczema.

• As laxative, cut the plant parts (roots, flowers, and the leaves) into a manageable size then
prepare a decoction Note: The decoction looses its potency if not used for a long time. Dispose
leftovers after one day.

• The pounded leaves of Akapulko have purgative functions, specifically against ringworms.
It should be noted that the pounded leaves of this plant may be applied thinly on the affected part
twice a day. Marked improvement may be expected after two to three weeks of continuous
application to the affected area(s) where the prepared Akapulko leaves were applied.

Other Names:
bayabas-bayabasan, kapurko, katanda, katandang aso, pakagonkon, sonting , palochina(Tag.);
Ringworm bush or shrub (Engl.), Acapulco (Engl)

 Niyog-niyogan (Quisqualis Indica L.) - Niyog-niyogan or Rangoon Creeper is an

excellent vine for outdoor gardens.A ligneous plant also known as Burma or Rangoon Creeper,
Liane Vermifuge and Chinese honeysuckle. Niyog-niyogan is perfect for covered walkways as it
grows at least 2.5m long and reaches up to 8m long when it matures. This active climber, which
belongs to the combretaceae family grows best in tropical areas and demands constant sunlight.
Perhaps due to its tropical characterization that it is found in primary and secondary forests of
countries like Africa, China, Taiwan, Malaysia, Philippines, Vietnam, Papua New Guinea and
other Asian regions.

Niyog-niyogan is cultivated in greenhouses and can be naturalized in tropical areas. This vine
starts as a shrub about 3-feet tall with branches growing from all directions. The mother shrub
seizes to grow and dies after six months allowing the creeper to rapidly climb walls, trees, and
the like. The branches of niyog-niyogan are filled with oblong-shaped leaves growing on
opposite sides attached to 6mm to 10mm long petioles. The leaves of niyog-niyogan can grow up
to 15cm long and more than 5cm wide with a pointed tip. Its flowers grow in clusters and it
blossoms year-round. Its flowers open at night with five bright red petals and gives out a distinct
perfume. The young flowers of niyog-niyogan start with white-colored petals that turn pink then
red as it matures. It also bears fruits, which can grow up to 3cm long with five angles on its

The niyog-niyogan plant grows in haste during the rainy season, hence constant pruning is
especially recommended during this time. It is advised to place this plant in spacious areas to
avoid crowding with a temperature of at least 60°F with evenly moistened soil to produce
flowers. Niyog-niyogan can thrive in almost all kinds of soil and can even tolerate moderate
amount of drought in cold seasons.

Benefits & Treatment of Niyog-Niyogan:

Almost all of its parts are used individually, or mixed with other ingredients, as remedy to
different ailments. In the Philippines,
these are taken to rid people of parasitic
worms, particularly the Ascaris and
Trichina. Some also use these to help
alleviate coughs and diarrhea. Medical
experts, advice patients to consult their
doctors as improper dosing may cause
hiccups. Niyog-niyogan’s leaves are
used to cure body pains by placing them
on specific problematic areas of the
body. Compound decoctions of the
leaves of niyog-niyogan are used in
India to alleviate flatulence.
Preparation & Use:
Seeds of niyog-niyogan can be taken as an anthelmintic. These are eaten raw two hours before
the patient’s last meal of the day. Adults may take 10 seeds while children 4 to 7 years of age
may eat up to four seeds only. Children from ages 8 to 9 may take six seeds and seven seeds may
be eaten by children 10 to 12 years old.
Decoctions of its roots are also sometimes used as a remedy for rheumatism while its fruits are
used as an effective way to relieve toothaches.

Tsaang Gubat (Ehretia microphylla Lam.) - is one of the 10 herbs that is endorsed the
Philippine Department of Health (DOH) as an antispasmodic for abdominal (stomach) pains.

Tsaang Gubat is a shrub (small tree) that grows (from 1 to 5 meters) abundantly in the
Philippines. In folkloric medicine, the leaves has been used as a disinfectant wash during child
birth, as cure for diarrhea, as tea for general good heath and because Tsaang Gubat has high
fluoride content, it is used as a mouth gargle for preventing tooth decay. The tsaang gubat were
studied for possible anti-allergic subtances to counter the histamine release from mast cells that
cause type-1 reactions. The tsaang-gubat, contains rosmarinic acid and microphyllone which is
attributed for its efficacy to control allergy. Tsaang gubat studies also shows it has antibacterial,
antinocicpetive and anti-inflammatory properties. Study of tsaang gubat leaves showed a
mixture of triterpenes– a-amyrin, ß-amyrin and baurenol and a wide range of bioactivity. The
tsaang gubat showed analgesic, anti-inflammatory, anti-diarrheal and antibacterial activities.

Tsaang Gubat is also knows as: Wild Tea, Forest Tea, Alibungog (Visayas Region), Putputai
(Bicol Region) and Maragued (Ilocos
Region). Scientific name: Ehretia
Microphylla Lam.

Health Benefits of Tsaang Gubat:

Stomach pains
• Gastroenteritis
• Intestinal motility
• Dysentery
• Diarrhea or Loose Bowel Movement (LBM)
• Mouth gargle
• Body cleanser/wash
Preparation & Use:
• Thoroughly wash the leaves of tsaang gubat in running water. Chop to a desirable size and boil
1 cup of chopped leaves in 2 cups of water. Boil in low heat for 15 to 20 minutes and drain.
• Take a cupful every 4 hours for diarrhea, gastroenteritis and stomach pains.
• Gargle for stronger teeth and prevent cavities.
• Drink as tea daily for general good health.

 Ampalaya (Momordica charantia) - is a climbing vine and the tendrils of which grow up to
20 centimeters long. This herbal plant belongs to the family of Cucurbitaceae, and it is a tropical
as well as a subtropical vine. Ampalaya leaves are heart-shaped, which are 5 to 10 centimeters in
diameter. The fruits of the ampalaya vine are fleshy green with pointed ends at length. It can
never be mistaken for any other variety because its ribbed and wrinkled surface had always been
ampalaya’s distinct physical structure. The bitter taste of the ampalaya fruit had also been the
distinguishing factor from the rest of the fruits with medicinal value, and this is due to the
presence of a substance known as momorcidin.

Ampalaya has been a folkloric cure for generations but has now been proven to be an effective
herbal medicine for many ailments. Most significant of which is for Diabetes. The Philippine
variety has proven to be most potent. Ampalaya contains a mixture of flavanoids and alkaloids
make the pancreas produce more insulin by increasing the production of beta cells that controls
the blood sugar in diabetics. Aside from Ampalaya's medicinal value, it is good source of
vitamins A, B and C, iron, folic acid, phosphorous and calcium.

Ampalaya has been for used even by the Chinese for centuries. The effectivity of Ampalaya as
an herbal medicine has been tried and tested by many research clinics and laboratories
worldwide. In the Philippines, the Department of Health has endorsed Ampalaya as an
alternative medicine to help alleviate various ailments including diabetes, liver problems and
even HIV. Aside from these, ampalaya also helps treat skin diseases and cough. Its herbal value
extends to increasing the sterility of women, in parasiticide, antipyretic, and has purgative
functions, as well. Note: In large dozes, pure Ampalaya juice can be a purgative and

Herbal Benefits of Ampalaya:

• Good for rheumatism and gout
• And diseases of the spleen and liver
• Aids in lowering blood sugar levels
• Helps in lowering blood pressure
• Relives headaches
• Disinfects and heals wounds & burns
• Can be used as a cough & fever remedy
• Treatment of intestinal worms, diarrhea
• Helps prevent some types of cancer
• Enhances immune system to fight infection
• For treatment of hemorrhoids
• Is an antioxidant and parasiticide
• Is antibacterial and antipyretic
Preparation & Use of Ampalaya:
• For coughs, fever, worms, diarrhea, diabetes, juice Ampalaya leaves and drink a spoonful daily.
• For other ailments, the fruit and leaves can both be juiced and taken orally.
• For headaches wounds, burns and skin diseases, apply warmed leaves to afflicted area.
• Powdered leaves, and the root decoction, may be used as stringent and applied to treat
• Internal parasites are proven to be expelled when the ampalaya juice, made from its leaves, is
extracted. The ampalaya juice and grounded seeds is to be taken one spoonful thrice a day, which
also treats diarrhea, dysentery, and chronic colitis.
Diabetes. Ampalaya fruits and leaves can be eaten as vegetable. Ampalaya tablets and capsules
are also now available in the Philippines.
Hemorrhoids. Powdered leaves and root decoction of Ampalaya are applied to hemorrhoids as
Stomach Problems. Ampalaya leaf juice is used to expel intestinal parasites, treat dysentery,
diarrhea, and chronic colitis. Grounded seeds may also be used. Taken in a spoonfull 3x a day
until ailment subsides.
Cough. Ampalaya leaf juice is used for mild coughs for children. Administered in a teaspoon 3x
a day.
Burns, Scalds and Wounds. Pounded Ampalaya seeds or leaf are used to treat burns, scalds and
Other acclaimed uses are for the treatment of HIV, hypertension, treatment of fever and
headaches, treatment of rheumatism and gout, disease of the spleen and liver.
Note: In large dozes, pure Ampalaya juice can be a purgative and abortifacient.

What is bawang
Bawang or garlic, is a specie in the onion family Alliaceae. Bawang is
a close relative of onion (sibuyas), the shallot, the leek and the chive.
Bawang has been used throughout recorded history for both culinary
and medicinal purposes.
Bawang is a low herb, growing to up to 2 feet high. Bawang is widely
popular for its bulbs. Bawang bulbs are broadly ovoid, 2 to 4 cm in
diameter, consisting of several cloves. Bawang leaves are linear and
flat. Umbels are globose, many flowered. Sepas are oblong, greenish
white, slightly tinged with purple.
Bawang has a characteristic pungent, spicy flavor that mellows and
sweetens considerably with cooking. Bawang cloves are used as seed,
for consumption (raw or cooked), and for medicinal purposes. The
leaves, stems (scape) and flowers (bulbils) on the head (spathe) are
also edible and most often consumed while immature and still tender.

bawang, herbal medicine

Bawang has been used as herbal medicine in many cultures for thousands of years, dating at least
as far back as the time that the Egyptian pyramids were built. Bawang is claimed to help prevent
heart disease including atherosclerosis, high cholesterol, high blood pressure, and cancer.
Bawang contains antibacterial compound known as Allicin, Because
of this bawang or garlic is known as nature's antibiotic. Bawang
juice inhibits the growth of fungi and viruses thus prevents viral,
yeast and viral infections. Preliminary test shows Bawang to have
some positive results in the treatment of AIDS.
The Philippine Department of Health has endorsed Bawang as an
alternative herbal medicine for its anti bacterial properties and its
efficacy for controlling hypertension, blood cholesterol and blood sugar for diabetics among

medical uses of bawang herbal medicine

Bawang - Antiinfectious: Antibacterial, antifungal, antiparasitic. Bawang juice is applied to
the afflicted area. Scientifically ajoene 0.4% cream when applied topically, has been found 70%
effective in certain dermatologic fungal infections. A 0.6% gel was effective in tinea corporis
and tinea cruris.
Bawang - Antiinflammatory and antioxidant activity when included in diet.
Bawang - Hypertension: Bawang when eaten or chewed raw. Studies suggest ingestion of
Bawang has beneficial antihypertensive effect but blood-lowering effects probably not dramatic.
Other studies show a vascular benefit through improvement of aortic elasticity and possible
slowing of the rate of atherosclerosis progression
Bawang - Hyperlipidemia: Bawang eaten or chewed raw is found to lower blood cholesterol.
Though still controversial, but probably has beneficial effect on serum cholesterol and LDL
levels. Some studies have shown a 4% to 12% lowering of total cholesterol. Bawang seems to
have no effect on high density lipoprotein (HDL).
Bawang - Anti-cancer: Bawang is studied to have possible anticarcinogenic properties,
specifically for colon, stomach and prostate cancers. In stomach cancers, probably through its
inhibitory effect on H. pylori. In epidemiologic studies on stomach and colorectal cancer
prevention, the garlic use was 3.5 grams to 30 grams of fresh or cooked garlic per week.
Other folkloric uses of Bawang as herbal medicine that needs further studies for verification:
Arthritis, rheumatism, toothaches: Crush several Bawang cloves
and rub on affected areas.
Headaches: Crush one Bawang clove and apply to both temples as
Insect bites: Crush Bawang or cut clove crosswise and rub directly
to affected area.
Athlete's foot.Crush Bawang or cut clove crosswise and rub directly to affected area.
Fever, Decoction of boiled Bawang leaves and bulbs set to luke warm and applied to the head
and body.
Colds, cough, sore throat, hoarseness, asthma and bronchitis; Nasal congestion steam
inhalation of chopped Bawang and a teaspoon of vinegar in boiling water.
Fresh Bawang has been used as a complement herbal medicine to INH therapy for tuberculosis.
Digestive problems and gastrointestinal spasms. drink an infusion
of a peeled bawang clove or can also be used as suppository.


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bawang herbal medicine use precautions and cautions

• Known adverse effects of bawang include halitosis (non-bacterial bad breath),
indigestion, nausea, emesis and diarrhea.
• Bawang may interact with warfarin, antiplatelets, saquinavir,
antihypertensives, calcium channel blockers, hypoglycemic drugs, as well as
other medications. Consult a health professional before taking bawang
supplement or consuming excessive amounts of bawang.
• Bawang can thin the blood similar to the effect of aspirin.
• While culinary quantities of bawang are considered safe for consumption,
very high quantities of bawang and garlic supplements have been linked with
an increased risk of bleeding, particularly during pregnancy and after surgery
and child birth. Some breastfeeding mothers have found their babies slow to
feed and have noted a garlic odour coming from their baby when they have
consumed garlic or bawang. The safety of bawang supplements had not been
determined for children.
• The side effects of long-term bawang supplementation, if any exist, are
largely unknown and no FDA-approved study has been performed. However,
garlic or bawang has been consumed for several thousand years without any
adverse long-term effects, suggesting that modest quantities of bawang
pose, at worst, minimal risks to normal individuals. Possible side effects
include gastrointestinal discomfort, sweating, dizziness, allergic reactions,
bleeding, and menstrual irregularities.
• Some degree of liver toxicity has been demonstrated in rats, particularly in
extremely large quantities exceeding those that a rat would consume under
normal situations.
• There have been several reports of serious burns resulting from bawang or
garlic being applied topically for various purposes, including naturopathic
uses and acne treatment, so care must be taken to test a small area of skin
using a very low concentration of bawang. On the basis of numerous reports
of such burns, including burns to children, topical use of bawang, as well as
insertion of bawang into body cavities is discouraged. In particular, topical
application of bawang to young children is not advisable.
• Garlic or bawang and onions might be toxic to cats or dogs. If you wish to
feed them to your pet, first use only one flake or a pinch.

What is bayabas
Also knows as:

Bayawas (Bik.), Biabas (Sul.), Gaiyabat (If.), Gaiyabit (If.)

Geyabas (Bon.), Guayabas (Tag.), Guava (Engl.), Guyabas(Ilk., Tag.), Kalimbahin (Tag.),
Psidium cujavus Linn. Bagabas (Ig.), Psidium aromaticum Blanco Bayabas (Ilk., Tag.), Psidium
pyriferum Linn. Bayabo (Ibn.), Psidium pomiferum Linn. Bayauas (Bik., Pang.),Tayabas (Tag.)

Bayabas or guava is a fruit bearing shrub or small tree that grows

in the tropical climate like Mexico, Peru and the Philippines.
Bayabas is widely used in the Philippines as herbal medicine and
is recognized by the Philippine Department of Health for its
antiseptic property. Bayabas or guava fruit is known for being
rich in vitamin C and vitamin A. Bayabas leaves and fruits
contain eugenol, tannin, saponins, amydalin, phenolic acids,
malic acid, ash, aldehydes, catequinic components and
Bayabas or guava is used in herbal medicine as antiseptic, anti-inflammatory, anti-spasmodic,
antioxidant hepatoprotective, anti-allergy, antimicrobial, anti-plasmodial, anti-cough,
antidiabetic, and antigenotoxic.
Bayabas or guava tree grows 3 to10 meters tall with greenish to red-
brownish smooth bark. Bayabas produce a round globular bayabas
fruit that starts as a flower. The bayabas fruit is green and turns
yellowish-green and soft when ripe. Bayabas fruit has many small
hard seeds contained in a yellowish pulp. Bayabas fruit is usually
eaten while still green and hard.

bayabas, herbal medicine for skin disease

How to use Bayabas as an antiseptic and astringent
• Gather fresh bayabas leaves and wash with water.
• Boil one cup of Bayabas leaves in three cups of water for 8 to 10 minutes.
• Strain and let cool.
• To use as mouthwash, gargle
• To use as wound disinfectant, wash affected areas 2 to 3 times a day.
• Use as vaginal wash especially after child birth.
Fresh Bayabas leaves can also be chewed for the treatment of toothache and gum swelling.
To hasten wound healing, fresh Bayabas leaf poultice may be applied to the wound.
If symptoms persist or aggravates, stop use and consult your doctor.

bayabas, herbal medicine for stomach problems

For diarrhea and control stomach parasites
• Gather fresh Bayabas leaves,
• Boil chopped pieces of about 4 to 6 tablespoon for every 18 ounces of water.
• Strain and let cool.
• Drink ¼ cup of decoction every 3-4 hours until symptoms improve.
Note: eating too much of Bayabas fruit can cause constipation.
If there is no improvement to diarrhea symptoms in two days, consult your doctor.
What is lagundi
Also knows as:
Dabtan (If.) Dangla (Ilk.) Kamalan (Tag.) Lagundi (Ibn., Tag., Bik., P. Bis.) Liñgei (Bon.) Limo-
limo (Ilk.) Sagarai (Bag.) Turagay (Bis.) Five-leaved chaste tree (Engl.) Huang Ching (Chin.)
Agno-casto (Spanish)
Lagundi (scientific name: Vitex negundo) is a large native shrub that
grows in the Philippines and has been traditionally used as herbal
medicine. The Philippine Department of Health has conducted research
and study for Lagundi and has suggested that the lagundi plant has a
number verifiable therapeutic value
Lagundi is an erect, branched tree or shrub, that grows to as much as 5 m
high. Lagundi has a single thick, woody stem like a trunk and is usually
seen in swamps of the Philippines. Lagund leaves appear palmately, in the
form of five pointed leaves which splay out like the fingers of a hand.
Lagundi leaves are 5-foliate, rarely with 3 leaflets only. Lagundi leaves are 4-10 cm long,
slightly hairy beneath. The lagundi flowers are blue to lavender, 6-7 mm long bearing fruit
globose of about 4mm in diameter that turns black when ripe,

lagundi, herbal medicine

Lagundi has been traditionally used as herbal medicine by Philippine folks. The efficacy of
Lagundi has also been verified by the Philippine Department of Health and other Philippine
based scientists which concentrated on its use to ease respiratory complaints. Lagundi is
generally used for the treatment of coughs, asthma symptoms, and other respiratory problems,
Lagundi is also known for its analgesic effect that helps alleviate pain and discomfort. Other
traditional benefits that are derived from the use of Lagundi are as follows:
• Relief of asthma & pharyngitis
• Recommended relief of rheumatism, dyspepsia, boils, diarrhea
• Treatment of cough, colds, fever and flu and other bronchopulmonary
• Alleviate symptoms of Chicken Pox
• Removal of worms, and boils
Lagundi Herbal Medicine Preparation
Lagundi leaves, root, flowers, and seeds are believed to have medicinal value. Lagundi
concoction is prepared by boiling, steeping, and then straining various parts such as lagundi
leaves, roots, flowers and seeds.
• wash fresh or dried Lagundi leaves
• chop then add in 4 cups of water for every 1 cup of lagundi parts
• let it boil for 10 to 15 minutes
• Let it steep then strain the various parts.
• Drink half cup of Lagundi three times a day.
• Lagundi concoction can be stored in suitable blass container for later

Lagundi availability
Commercially, lagundi can be purchased in the form of syrup or capsules to make it easier to
handle. It is also blended in with cough medicines and other herbal remedies.
Lagundi tablets (300 mg) are available from the Department of Health's Philippine Institute of
Traditional and Alternative Health Care (PITAHC) Telephone # (632) 727-6199.

What is tsaang gubat

Scientific Names:
Carmona retusa
Carmona heterophylla Cav.
Ehretia buxifolia Boxb.
Ehretia heterophylla Spreng.
Ehretia microphylla Lam.
Also known as:

Alangit (Bis.) Kalamoga (Tag.)

Alangitngit (Tag., Bis.) Kalimomog (Tag.)
Balingsaa (C. Bis.) Kalimumog (Tag.)
Buntatai (P. Bis.) Mangit (Tag., Bis.)
Buyo-buyo (Sul.) Mara-mara (Bis., S.L. Bis.)
Buyok-buyok (Sul.) Maratia (Ibn.)
Cha (Tag.) Mura-mara (P. Bis.)
Chaang-bundok (Tag.) Palupo (Iv.)
Chaang-gubat (Tag.) Putputai (Bik.)
Gari (Bag.) Santing (Sul.)
Icha-nga-atap (Ilk.) Tsa (Tag.)
Icha-ti-bakir (Ilk.) Fukien tea tree (Engl.)
Itsa (Ilk.) Scorpionbush (Engl.)
Wild tea (Engl.)
Tsaang Gubat is used as herbal medicine and is a shrub that grows wild
in the tropical climate of Philippines. Tsaang gubat is widely used in the
Philippines as herbal medicine. The tsaang gubat were studied for
possible anti-allergic subtances to counter the histamine release from
mast cells that cause type-1 reactions. The tsaang-gubat, contains
rosmarinic acid and microphyllone which is attributed for its efficacy to
control allergy. Tsaang gubat studies also shows it has antibacterial,
antinocicpetive and anti-inflammatory properties. Study of tsaang gubat leaves showed a
mixture of triterpenes– a-amyrin, ß-amyrin and baurenol and a wide range of bioactivity. The
tsaang gubat showed analgesic, anti-inflammatory, anti-diarrheal and antibacterial activities.
Tsaang gubat is commonly prepared in pills capsules and in herbal tea bags form.
Tsaang gubat is an erect, shrub with green compound leaves. The tsaang gubat shrub grows to
about 1 to 4 meters high and can be found in secondary forest in low and medium altitude.
Tsaang gubat leaves grows in clusters on short branches, 3-6 cm long, somewhat toothed or
lobed near the apex and pointed at the base, short stalked and rough on the upper surface. Tsaang
gubat bears small white flowers, axillary, solitary, 2 or 4 on a common stalk. It bers yellow fruits
when ripe about 4-5 mm in diameter, fleshy, with a 4-seeded stone.

tsaang gubat , herbal medicine for allergy and skin disinfectant

Tsaang gubat is used as herbal medicine for the treatment of mild allergy attacks and skin
• eczema,
• scabies and
• itchiness
• wounds in child birth
Preparation and application of tsaang gubat herbal medicine
Pound tsaang leaves boil in water and let it seep. when still warm to touch wash to the affected
area. If systoms persist or worsen stop use and consult your doctor.
It may also be taken as tea. See below how to prepare tsaang gubat tea.