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By: Mohd Farizuda BEA 080046
• He was born in the year 1957 in Tokyo. • From 1977 through 1980 he studied at the Southern California Institute of Architecture and the Cooper Union School of Architecture, where he graduated in 1984. • He was apprenticed in the studios of Arata Isozaki from 1982-83 and in 1985 he opened his own studios in Tokyo. He teaches in a number of universities: Tama University (1993-1995), Yokohama National University and Nihon University. • In 1996 he was awarded the Kansai Architect Grand Prize and the first prize in the Mainichi Advertisement Design Competition. In 1997 he designed residential buildings in Tokyo. • In 1999 he was commissioned to design the Japanese Pavilion for "Expo 2000" in Hanover. In 2000 he participated in the Venice Biennial with displays of paper homes designed after the 1995 Kobe earthquake to house the homeless cheaply and simply. • His research into the use of economic materials, especially card and bamboo, began in the '80's and still continues in the projects he is at work on today: card and steel for a small museum in Dijon, card for four homes in Portugal and bamboo for a number of Beijing residences.
• Shigeru Ban Architects (SBA)'s consistent design philosophy is to create uniquely free and open space with concrete rationality of structure and construction method. It seeks to challenge the existing construction method by using easily obtainable off-the-shelf materials in innovative and unprecedented structural/construction systems. • Shigeru Ban’s method of architecture is simple; to create structures that challenge the modern concept of materiality. Ban chooses to use simple recyclable material to create structures of magnificence. Although Ban has become an icon for advocates of 'green'and 'eco-friendly' architecture, his intention behind his workis slightly different. It is more an ideology against waste.
“I don't like waste” – Shigeru Ban
Tateshina.Important Projects 2002 Picture Frame House Shizuoka. Kobe. Tokyo 1986 "Alvar Aalto'' Exhibition design. USA 2000 PAM-A. Kawagoe 2000 Expo 2000 Hannover Japan Pavilion . Mishima. Zushi. Nishinomiya. Nagano 1986 "Judith Turner'' Exhibition design. Houston. Shizuoka 2000 Naked House. Hyogo 1995 Curtain Wall House. Akita 2002 Forest Park Pavilion Prototype-Rice University Art Gallery. Tokyo 1994 Issey Miyake Gallery . Kanagawa 1990 Odawara Pavilion . Odate.Paper Tube Structure -02 1987 Villa K. Nagano 1995 2/5 House. Tokyo . CA 1985 "Emilio Ambasz'' Exhibition design. Tokyo 1986 "Emilio Ambasz'' Exhibition design. Nagano 1986 Villa TCG. Japan 2002 Plywood Structure 04 Gymnasium. Axis Gallery. Axis Gallery. Hyogo 1995 Paper Church .Paper Tube Structure -07. Tokyo 1991 Library of a poet . Museum of Contemporary Art.Paper Tube Structure -08. Hyogo 1995 Paper Log House . Karuizawa. Tateshina.Paper Tube Structure-13. Axis Gallery. Germany 1999 PaperTube shelters for refugees in Rwanda .Paper Tube Structure -06. Kobe. La Jolla.Paper Tube Structure -04.Paper Tube Structure-10 1997 Wall-less-House.
Exploded axonometric view of the house . 1995 The house is intended to be a reflection of the owner's lifestyle. It is open to the outdoors and utilizes contemporary materials in new interpretations of traditional Japanese styles.Curtain Wall House. Wide deck spaces are attached to the east and south sides of the second-floor living room and tent-like curtains are hung on the outer facade between the second and third floors. Tokyo.
the raised floor.This house was Shigeru Ban's reaction to Mies Van der Rohe's Farnsworth House. The obivious similarities are the slender columns that support the long horizontal planes. Mies Van der Rohe's Farnsworth House . and the plain white colour of the building.
a set of glazed doors (in combination with the curtain) can completely enclose the house for insulation and privacy. This thin membrane takes the place of shoji and sudare screens. Interior conditons are also controlled by opening and closing this Japanese-style "curtain wall". . and fusuma doors that appear in the traditional Japanese house.Shigeru Ban's Curtain Wall House Opened curtain Closed curtain the Curtain Wall House embodies openness and transparency between interior and exterior. Billowing curtains are the only means of providing privacy to the residents of the house. In winter. Without the fabric. the house becomes completely exposed to the busy street.
“Mies invented the glass curtain wall. but I just used a curtain” -Shigeru Ban .
Picture Window House . 2002 “The first time I set foot on the site. That is to say that the building itself should become a picture window.Shigeru Ban .” . Japan.Shizuoka. my immediate response was to frame the wonderful view of the ocean stretching horizontally.
Building Plans .The idea for this house can be clearly seen in its name and by looking at the building itself.
1. 3.Interior view of the bedroom.1.View of the bathroom looking down the corridor 2.Diagonal braces of the structure are exposed inside the room 3.View from the open deck on the ground floor . 2.
Exploded axonometric view of the building .Framed ocean view on the ground floor.
I knew that I should take up this challenge. What he wanted was described as a house that “provides the least privacy so that the family members are not secluded from one another.Naked House . in the middle of a “unified family”. I was again considering what to do about the project of this house. when the client sent me a facsimile making precise requests.” − Shigeru Ban Interior view of the house . After reading his fax.Saitama. Japan. 2000 “met the client only once. a house that gives everyone the freedom to have individual activities in a shared atmosphere.
in which cubical room units can be wheeled into various positions according to the moods and climatic desires of the occupants.Plan 'naked house' consists of a large open plan. almost without windows. a family of five. lives there. a house which does not separate family members from each other. Based on this concept shigeru ban designed the transparent house container with four movable open room containers. Note the movable open room containers. . made up of three generations. but allow them space for their individual activities while retaining an atmosphere of togetherness. no room doors. Interior view of the house. The client wanted a house with as little privacy as possible.
. Through these bags a soft diffused light fills in the interior of the house.Exploded axonometric view of the Naked House The external walls made of two sheets of corrugated fiber-reinforced plastics and the inner walls made of a nylon fabric are both mounted on wooden stud frames and sit in parallel. In between are attached clear plastic bags. carefully stuffed with strings of foamed polyethylene for insulation purpose.
put into a jar filled with glue. The manufacturing process of paper tubes is very simple.bnet. Shigeru Ban is a pioneer of paper tube structures (PTS). Recycled paper is pulled out from a paper roll cassette.com/definition/paper+architecture.html ) Shigeru Ban's paper architecture Experimental buildings partly constructed with tubes built up from laminated layers of recycled paper. because of lack of funding or because it is not feasible (source: http://dictionary. Examples of the usage of PTS .Paper Architecture Business Definition for: Paper Architecture •an ambitious business project that never gets beyond the planning stage. rolled again in a spiral by a winder and cut into pieces of a designated length Paper tubes in the form of the cores for rolled toilet paper or fax paper.
Germany The Pavilions has been a great leap forward in the field of paper architecture. EXPO 2000. The main theme of the Hannover Expo was the environment and the basic concept behind the Japan Pavilion was to create a structure that would produce as little industrial waste as possible when it was dismantled. Side Elevation of Japan Pavilion .Japan Pavilion. The goal was either to recycle or reuse almost all of the materials that went into the building. Hannover.
15. an exhibition space 72m long.5m high. and administrative office.Day view Night view Interior view of the pavillion The pavilion consisted of an approach zone. and 35m span at its widest point. .
his design for the Japanese Pavilion at the Hannover Expo 2000 is a particular triumph. rather than a more permanent and non-recyclable concrete. . He knew its life there was short. Likewise. so he developed a grid shell structure using his signature paper tubes. then arranged for the tubes to be returned to the manufacturer and made into pulp when the event finished.Honeycomb board as partitions for the interior. the foundation was made of wooden boxes filled with sand and ready for re-use. Paper tube grid Ban is always concerned with the afterlife of his structures.
9 earthquake hit the city of Kobe. Japan. 1995 a magnitude 6. The aftermath of the quake left the city in ruins. This catastrophic event gave Ban the commission he needed to truly test his method of building. They have to stay in nice places. destroying some one hundred and two thousand buildings. refugees are damaged. Japan leaving three hundred thousand people homeless.” − Shigeru Ban . 1995 In January 17.Kobe.Paper Log Houses . Psychologically. “Refugee shelter has to be beautiful.
Plan of the Kobe paper log houses Elevation Section .
000 Exploded axonometric view of the house 'Kirin' beer crates filled with bag of sand Detail-Wall to Beer Crate Foundation . Japan Date of Finished Construction : 1995 Type of Structure : Cardboard Tubes List of Materials : -KIRIN beer crates -sand bags -13’x13’ plywood floor -plywood pegs -2x8 pieces of wood -4 1/2” diameter cardboard tubes -waterproof tape -tent like material -1/4” steel rods -plywood roofing connections Time it takes to assemble it on site : less than 6 hours People it takes to assemble : 1-20 Cost of Building : under $2.Location : Kobe.
). Shigeru Ban.). from http://www.com New York Architecture Images. 2010. 2010.time. from http://www. (n. Belinda. He Builds With a Really Tough Material: Paper. 2010.nytimes. May 20).com/history/ban.shigerubanarchitects.And when you look at the history of architecture.html Shigeru Ban Architects. (n. 2010.a new type of architecture emerges. when somebodydevelops a new type of structure or material. 2010.d. Retrieved March 7. Shigeru Ban talk.nyc-architecture.designboom. Retrieved March 7.com/time/innovators/design/profile_ban. Retrieved March 8. Retrieved March 8.I like to develop my own structural systems & materials to make the work my own.“I'm only interested in making something different.I have no interest in following fashion. from http://www. The Times Magazine.d. Micheal.com/2007/05/20/magazine/20shigeru-t. from http://www.xfaf.html?pagewanted=all Luscombe.it.”. from http://www. Waste Not The Accidental Environmentalist. (2007. (2000).html .com/ARCH/ARCH-Shigero.d. (n.Shigeru Ban Sources: http://www. Retrieved March 8.).htm Kimmelman.
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